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Potencia neta por unidad de masa de carga, [kw /ton]

6
fi.20
fi.40
fi.60
fi.80

fi.30
fi.50
fi.70
fi.90

d=10x10

d = 6 mm

d = 9.5 mm

0
0

30 60 90 120

30 60 90 120

30 60 90 120

Angulo de ataque, []

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Potencia neta por unidad de masa de carga, [kw/ton]

Altura relativa al tamao de medio de molienda


0,0 0,5 1,1 1,6 2,1 2,6 0,0 0,5 1,1 1,6 2,1 2,6 0,0 0,5 1,1 1,6 2,1 2,6

fi.20
fi.40
fi.60
fi.80

fi.30
fi.50
fi.70

J=50%

J=40%

J=30%

0
0

5 10 15 20 25

5 10 15 20 25

5 10 15 20 25

h, [mm]

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Mill power [%]

95

90

85

80
0

10

20

30

40

'tDV GH RSHUDFLyQ

50

60

70

Operating days

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40

Effect of mill
speed on
power and
load movement

20

0
20

40
60
80
% of critical speed

100

120

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15
CT30
CT45
CT60
CT75
CT90

10

FC30
FC45
FC60
FC75
FC90

Normal

Cascada
10

(a)

(b)

0
40

50

60

70

80

90

40

50

60

70

80

T asa de desgaste relativo, %/10 min

imp30
imp45
imp60
imp75
imp90

10

FC45
FC90

Impacto

CT45
CT90

10

(c)

(d)

0
40

50

60

70

% de la velocidad cr tica

80

T asa de desgaste relativo, %/10 min

15

0
90
15

T asa de desgaste relativo, %/10 min

T asa de desgaste relativo, %/10 min

15

90

40

50

60

70

80

0
90

% de la velocidad cr tica

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Lifter 30
hindered impact

normal
25

55% crit. speed

20

Lifter height, mm

Lifter height, mm

25

15
10
5
0

20
15
10
5
0

10

20

30

40

50

10

Width, mm
65% crit. speed

15
10
5

Lifter height, mm

Lifter height, mm

40

50

40

50

40

50

40

50

25

20

20
15
10
5
0

10

20

30

40

50

10

Width, mm

20

30

Width, mm

25

25

75% crit. speed

20

Lifter height, mm

Lifter height, mm

30

Width, mm

25

15
10
5
0

20
15
10
5
0

10

20

30

40

50

10

Width, mm

20

30

Width, mm

25

25

20

85% crit. speed

Lifter height, mm

Lifter height, mm

20

15
10
5
0

20
15
10
5
0

10

20

30

40

50

Width, mm

10

20

30

Width, mm

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Lifter 60
normal

20

55% crit. speed

15
10
5
0

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

10
5
0

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

50

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

50

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

50

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

50

25

20

65% crit. speed

15
10
5

Lifter height, mm

Lifter height, mm

15

50

25

20
15
10
5
0

0
0

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

50
25

75% crit. speed

20
15
10
5

Lifter height, mm

25
Lifter height, mm

20

20
15
10
5
0

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

50
25

20

85% crit. speed

15
10
5

Lifter height, mm

25
Lifter height, mm

hindered impact

25
Lifter height, mm

Lifter height, mm

25

20
15
10
5
0

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

50

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25

20
15
55% crit. speed

10
5

Lifter height, mm

Lifter height, mm

lifter 75

normal

25

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

10
5
0

10

20
15
65% crit. speed

10
5

20

30

40

50

Width, mm

25
Lifter height, mm

Lifter height, mm

15

50

25

20
15
10
5
0

0
0

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

50

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

50

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

50

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

50

25

20
15
75% crit. speed

10
5

Lifter height, mm

25
Lifter height, mm

20

20
15
10
5
0

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

50
25

20
85% crit. speed

15
10
5

Lifter height, mm

25
Lifter height, mm

hindered impact

20
15
10
5
0

10

20
30
Width, mm

40

50

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(Q  FRPR UHVXOWDGR GH XQ SUR\HFWR ILQDQFLDGR SRU HO 3URJUDPD GH ODV
1DFLRQHV 8QLGDV SDUD HO 'HVDUUROOR &2'(/&2&KLOH \ 'LVSXWDGD GH ODV &RQGHV
$PpVWLFD 0DJQH \ 0HQDFKR >@ SUHVHQWDURQ XQ PRGHOR TXH LQWHUSUHWD ODV
FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV PiV LPSRUWDQWHV GHO FRPSRUWDPLHQWR GH XQ PROLQR VHPLDXWyJHQR (Q
HVWH PRGHOR ORV SURFHVRV GH IUDFWXUD EROD  SDUWtFXOD EROD  FROSD FROSD  SDUWtFXOD \
FROSDFROSDDVtFRPRODDWULFLyQGHODVFROSDVVHXQHQHQXQVyORPHFDQLVPRSURPHGLR
GHIUDFWXUDOLQHDOGHILQLpQGRVHODIXQFLyQYHORFLGDGHIHFWLYDHVSHFtILFDGHPROLHQGD.L(
HQ WN:K (QVD\RV UHDOL]DGRV D QLYHO SLORWR HQ OD 'LYLVLyQ &KXTXLFDPDWD GH
&2'(/&2&KLOH SHUPLWLHURQ DQDOL]DU FRQ XQ DOWR JUDGR GH GHWDOOH HO HIHFWR TXH VH
SURGXFHHQODUHVSXHVWDGHXQPROLQRVHPLDXWyJHQRDOPRGLILFDUYDULDEOHVUHOHYDQWHVGH
RSHUDFLyQ

 (/ 02/,12 6(0,$87*(12 5(35(6(17$'2 &202 81


&,5&8,72'(02/,(1'$&/$6,),&$&,1
3DUD LQWHUSUHWDU ORV IHQyPHQRV TXH RFXUUHQ DO LQWHULRU GH XQ PROLQR
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HO PROLQR HQ GRV ]RQDV SULQFLSDOHV VHJ~Q HO SURFHVR ItVLFR TXH WLHQH OXJDU HQ HOODV
)LJXUD(QODSULPHUDGHILQLGDFRPRFiPDUDGHPROLHQGDVHLGHQWLILFD\FDUDFWHUL]D
HOSURFHVRGHPROLHQGD\WUDQVSRUWHGHPDVDHQVXLQWHULRU(QODVHJXQGDTXHVHGHILQH
FRPRFiPDUDGHGHVFDUJDVHYHULILFDODFODVLILFDFLyQSRUODSDUULOODLQWHUQD\ODSRVWHULRU
HYDFXDFLyQGHOPDWHULDOFRPRSURGXFWRILQDOPHGLDQWHORVDO]DGRUHVGHSXOSD
'H HVWD IRUPD VH SXHGH FRQVLGHUDU TXH ODV SDUWtFXODV DOLPHQWDGDV DO PROLQR
LQJUHVDQDODFiPDUDGHPROLHQGDFX\RSURGXFWRHQIUHQWDDODSDUULOODLQWHUQDGRQGH
GHDFXHUGRDXQDSUREDELOLGDGGHFODVLILFDFLyQODVSDUWtFXODVSXHGHQSHUPDQHFHUHQOD
FiPDUDGHPROLHQGDRIRUPDUSDUWHGHOIOXMRGHGHVFDUJD\DVHDTXHpVWDVKD\DQRQR
DWUDYHVDGRODSDUULOOD



/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

)LJXUD

5HSUHVHQWDFLyQ HVTXHPiWLFD GHO SURFHVR GH PROLHQGD VHPLDXWyJHQD 


0ROLQR UHDO   &iPDUD GH PROLHQGD   3DUULOOD LQWHUQD ) \ 3 VRQ OD
DOLPHQWDFLyQ \ SURGXFWR GHO PROLQR UHVSHFWLYDPHQWH GHILQLpQGRVH ORV
IOXMRVILFWLFLRV) \3 FRPRIOXMRVGHDOLPHQWDFLyQ\SURGXFWRGHOPROLQR
LPDJLQDULRLQWHUQR\7FRPRHOIOXMRGHUHFLUFXODFLyQGHOFLUFXLWR

 /$ &0$5$ '( 02/,(1'$


(QODFiPDUDGHPROLHQGDWLHQHOXJDUHOSURFHVRGHUHGXFFLyQGHWDPDxRVGHODV
SDUWtFXODV (VWH SURFHVR RFXUUH SRU OD DFFLyQ VLPXOWiQHD GH GLIHUHQWHV PHFDQLVPRV GH
FRQPLQXFLyQFRPRVHLQGLFyDQWHULRUPHQWHIUDFWXUDERODSDUWtFXODERODFROSDFROSD
SDUWtFXOD \ FROSD  FROSD DVt FRPR DWULFLyQ HQWUH FROSDV &DGD XQD GH HVWDV WLHQH XQD
LPSRUWDQFLD UHODWLYD GHQWUR GHO VLVWHPD \ VH YHUiQ DIHFWDGDV SULQFLSDOPHQWH SRU OD
UHODFLyQPDVDGHPHGLRVGHPROLHQGDPDVDGHPLQHUDODVHUIUDFWXUDGRDVtFRPRGHODV
FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV SURSLDV GHO PLQHUDO SULQFLSDOPHQWH OD GXUH]D \ JUDQXORPHWUtD GH
DOLPHQWDFLyQ
/D FDUDFWHUL]DFLyQ GH OR TXH RFXUUH HQ OD FiPDUD GH PROLHQGD GHO PROLQR
VHPLDXWyJHQRFRPLHQ]DFRQODVLJXLHQWHKLSyWHVLVVREUHHOIHQyPHQRGHPROLHQGDHQORV
PROLQRV VHPLDXWyJHQRV \ TXH DQWHULRUPHQWH KD VLGR XWLOL]DGR SDUD OD PRGHODFLyQ
VLPSOLILFDGDGHODPROLHQGDFRQYHQFLRQDO
Tasa de desaparicin
Masa de material
de material del

presente sobre el
i simo intervalo
i simo intervalo

de tamao
de tamao



/D UHODFLyQ GH SURSRUFLRQDOLGDG TXHGD GHWHUPLQDGD SRU HO SDUiPHWUR FLQpWLFR
GHILQLGR FRPR YHORFLGDG HIHFWLYD GH PROLHQGD .  HQ PROLHQGD FRQYHQFLRQDO .
L



 6 
L

/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

(QWRQFHV OD HFXDFLyQ  VH HVFULEH HQ WpUPLQRV GH .  \ GH OD PDVD UHWHQLGD VREUH OD
L

PDOODL: FRPR
L

dW i
= - Ki Wi
dt



'H HVWD PDQHUD OD YDULDFLyQ GH PDVD DO LQWHULRU GH OD FiPDUD GH PROLHQGD HQ
IXQFLyQ GHO LQWHUYDOR GH WDPDxR L FRQVLGHUDQGR HO IOXMR GH HQWUDGD \ GH VDOLGD GH OD
FiPDUDGHPROLHQGDVHH[SUHVDGHODVLJXLHQWHIRUPD
dW i
= F *i - P*i - K i W i
dt



(QTXH) \3 VRQIOXMRVDFXPXODGRVHQWKVREUHHOLQWHUYDORGHWDPDxRLHQOD


L

DOLPHQWDFLyQ\HQODGHVFDUJDGHODFiPDUDGHPROLHQGDUHVSHFWLYDPHQWH)LJXUD/D
HFXDFLyQHQWpUPLQRVGHPDVDV\IOXMRVSRULQWHUYDORGHWDPDxRHV
i -1

dwi = * - * f i pi K i wi - ( K i 1 - K i ) wl
dt
l=1



(O EDODQFH PiVLFR SODQWHDGR HQ OD HFXDFLyQ  FRQVWLWX\H OD EDVH GHO PRGHOR
GHVDUUROODGRSRU$PpVWLFD0DJQH\0HQDFKR HQFXDQWRDOIHQyPHQRGHPROLHQGD \D
VHDHQVXIRUPDHVWiWLFDRGLQiPLFD
'HELGRDODVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVItVLFDVGHODFiPDUDGHPROLHQGDHVSRVLEOHFRQVLGHUDU
TXH HO PDWHULDO TXH LQJUHVD D HVWH WLHQH XQ FRPSRUWDPLHQWR PX\ FHUFDQR D OD PH]FOD
SHUIHFWD'HHVWDIRUPDVHUHODFLRQDHOIOXMRGHGHVFDUJDGHODFiPDUDGHPROLHQGD3 
FRQHOFRQWHQLGRLQWHUQRGHpVWD:
P*
p*i = wi

W
HV GHFLU VH VXSRQH TXH OD JUDQXORPHWUtD GH SURGXFWR GH OD FiPDUD GH PROLHQGD HV
GLUHFWDPHQWH SURSRUFLRQDO D OD JUDQXORPHWUtD GH OD FDUJD LQWHUQD GHO PROLQR VLHQGR
GHVSUHFLDEOHODVHJUHJDFLyQ\DVHDHQHOVHQWLGRD[LDOFRPRUDGLDOGHOPROLQR
(O IOXMR WRWDO GH SURGXFWR GH OD FiPDUD 3  GHEH VHU HYDOXDGR D SDUWLU GH GDWRV
H[SHULPHQWDOHV FRQVLGHUDQGR HO VLVWHPD GH GHVFDUJD (V LPSRUWDQWH QRWDU TXH HVWH
DVSHFWRVHUHODFLRQDFRQHOWUDQVSRUWHGHPDVDGHPLQHUDOHQHOLQWHULRUGHOPROLQRSXHV
HOIOXMRILFWLFLR3 HVXQDPHGLGDGHODFDSDFLGDGGHSURFHVDPLHQWRGHOPROLQR
(O IOXMR GH DOLPHQWDFLyQ SRU WDPDxRV D OD FiPDUD GH PROLHQGD I  VH GHWHUPLQD
L

GH


/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO



f *i = f i + ci p*i

GRQGHF HVXQDIXQFLyQTXHUHSUHVHQWDORVHIHFWRVGHFODVLILFDFLyQLQWHUQDHQODSDUULOOD\
L

ODHYDFXDFLyQGHSXOSDPHGLDQWHORVSXOSOLIWHUV
8WLOL]DQGR ODV HFXDFLRQHV   \  VH REWLHQH OD VLJXLHQWH H[SUHVLyQ SDUD OD
GHVFULSFLyQPDWHPiWLFDGHODFiPDUDGHPROLHQGD
i -1
*
dwi
= - P (1 - ci ) wi - K i wi - (K i - K i ) wk + f i
dt
W
k =1



 /$ &0$5$ '( '(6&$5*$


&RPR \D VH KD PHQFLRQDGR HO EDODQFH HQ HO VLVWHPD GH GHVFDUJD VH UHDOL]D
GHILQLHQGRXQYHFWRUGHHILFLHQFLDGHFODVLILFDFLyQF HOTXHWLHQHLPSOtFLWRGRVHIHFWRVGH
L

FODVLILFDFLyQ XQR GHELGR D OD SDUULOOD GHO PROLQR \ HO RWUR GHELGR DO VLVWHPD GH SXOS
OLIWHUVRDO]DGRUHVGHSXOSD
(QWpUPLQRVGHORVIOXMRVGHOFLUFXLWRILFWLFLRDOLQWHULRUGHOPROLQRODHILFLHQFLDGH
FODVLILFDFLyQVHSXHGHH[SUHVDUFRPR
1 ci =

pi
pi*



'RQGH S L \ SL VRQ ORV IOXMRV SRU WDPDxRV HQ OD DOLPHQWDFLyQ \ EDMRWDPDxR GHO
FODVLILFDGRUHQWK6HJ~QHOSiUUDIRDQWHULRUVXSRQLHQGRTXHODFiPDUDGHOPROLQRVH
FRPSRUWD FRPR XQ UHDFWRU SHUIHFWDPHQWH PH]FODGR S L VH UHODFLRQD FRQ OD PDVD SRU
WDPDxRVGHODFDUJDLQWHUQDDWUDYpVGHODVLJXLHQWHUHODFLyQ
P*
pi* = wi 
W



GHHVWDIRUPD
W pi
1 ci =

P * wi



/D )LJXUD  PXHVWUD OD IRUPD WtSLFD GH OD FXUYD GH FODVLILFDFLyQ GH OD SDUULOOD
LQWHUQD GHO PROLQR VHPLDXWyJHQR REWHQLGD DO HYDOXDU OD HFXDFLyQ  HQ HQVD\RV
UHDOL]DGRVHQPROLQRVDHVFDODSLORWR



/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

Eficiencia de clasificacin, 0/1

1.0

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.0
10

100

1000

10000

100000

1000000

Tamao partcula, m

)LJXUD

5HSUHVHQWDFLyQJUiILFDGHODFXUYDGHFODVLILFDFLyQGHODSDUULOODLQWHUQDGH
XQPROLQRVHPLDXWyJHQR

(QOD)LJXUDVVHPXHVWUDUHVXOWDGRVREWHQLGRVHQHQVD\RVGHGHWHUPLQDFLyQGH
GLVWULEXFLyQGHWLHPSRVGHUHVLGHQFLDXWLOL]DQGRVDOFRPRWUD]DGRUHQODDOLPHQWDFLyQD
XQPROLQRVHPLDXWyJHQRSLORWR
'HHVWHJUiILFRVHREVHUYDTXHODGLVWULEXFLyQGHWLHPSRVGHUHVLGHQFLDREWHQLGDVH
DVHPHMDDOGHXQUHDFWRUSHUIHFWDPHQWHPH]FODGRFRQXQSHTXHxRGHVIDVHLQLFLDO'HDTXt
\FRQVLGHUDQGRODVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVJHRPpWULFDVGHOPROLQR'>/VHGHGXFHTXHHVYiOLGR
FRQVLGHUDUTXHHOIOXMRSRUWDPDxRVGHPLQHUDOTXHVHHQIUHQWDDODSDUULOODLQWHUQDS HQ
L

WKHVSURSRUFLRQDODODPDVDSRUWDPDxRVGHOPDWHULDOUHWHQLGRDOLQWHULRUGHOPROLQRZL
VHJ~QODHFXDFLyQ
P*
p =
wi
W
*
i



/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

25
3.379 kg/h
3.450 kg/h
3.723 kg/h
3.539 kg/h

20

E(t)

15

10

0
0

200

400

600

800

1000

Tiempo, seg

)LJXUD

'LVWULEXFLyQ GH WLHPSRV GH UHVLGHQFLD PHGLGRV HQ HQVD\RV GH PROLHQGD
VHPLDXWyJHQDDQLYHOSLORWRFRQYDULDFLyQHQHOIOXMRGHDOLPHQWDFLyQIUHVFD

(OYDORUGH3 HVXQDFRQGLFLyQHVHQFLDOPHQWHHPStULFDGHOPRGHORGHSHQGHGH
ODVFRQGLFLRQHVGHRSHUDFLyQGHOPROLQR\VXVLJQLILFDGRHVWiGLUHFWDPHQWHUHODFLRQDGR
FRQODGHILQLFLyQGHODH[LVWHQFLDGHXQFLUFXLWRGHPROLHQGDFODVLILFDFLyQDOLQWHULRUGHO
PROLQR\GHODFDUJDFLUFXODQWHDVRFLDGRDHVWHFLUFXLWR(VOyJLFRVXSRQHUHQWRQFHVTXH
HOYDORUGHHVWHIOXMRGHEHGHSHQGHUGLUHFWDPHQWHGHODFDQWLGDGGHPLQHUDOUHWHQLGRHQ
HOPROLQRHVWRHVGHOQLYHOGHOOHQDGR\GHODVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVGHHVWHPDWHULDOHVGHFLU
VX JUDQXORPHWUtD 'H HVWD IRUPD FRPR YtQFXOR HQWUH HO PHFDQLVPR GH UHGXFFLyQ GH
WDPDxR \ HO GH GHVFDUJD GHO PROLQR HO IOXMR 3  DSDUHFH FRPR OD FRQFHQWUDFLyQ GH ODV
FDUDFWHUtVWLFDVGHWUDQVSRUWHGHPDVDGHOPLQHUDOHQHOPROLQR
$Vt FRQ OD LQIRUPDFLyQ REWHQLGD HQ ORV GLIHUHQWHV HQVD\RV D HVFDOD SLORWR
UHDOL]DGRVIXHIDFWLEOHHYDOXDUHOIOXMRTXHHQIUHQWDODSDUULOODLQWHUQD3 FRQYDULDFLRQHV
HQHOIOXMRGHDOLPHQWDFLyQDOPROLQRHQHOSRUFHQWDMHGHVyOLGRVHQODGHVFDUJD\FRQHO
QLYHOGHOOHQDGRGHERODV&DGDXQDGHHVWDVYDULDEOHVWLHQHXQHIHFWRGLUHFWRHQHOQLYHO
GHOOHQDGRGHOPROLQRSRUORTXHOyJLFDPHQWHVHFRQFOX\HTXH3 GHSHQGHGLUHFWDPHQWH
GH OD PDVD GH PLQHUDO UHWHQLGR VLHQGR UHSUHVHQWDGD HVWD GHSHQGHQFLD D WUDYpV GH OD
VLJXLHQWHUHODFLyQ
P* = k1W k 2



/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

GRQGHNUHVXOWDVHU\NDGTXLHUHHOYDORU3 VHPLGHHQWK\:HQW/D)LJXUD
PXHVWUDODFRUUHODFLyQGHODHFXDFLyQFRQUHVXOWDGRVH[SHULPHQWDOHV REWHQLGRV
HQHOPROLQRSLORWR
30
Experimental
Calculado

Flujo que enfrenta la parrilla P*, t/h

25

20

15

10

0
0,0

0,1

0,2

0,3

0,4

0,5

0,6

0,7

Peso de carga interna, t

)LJXUD

(IHFWR GHO SHVR GH FDUJD LQWHUQD VREUH HO IOXMR TXH HQIUHQWD OD SDUULOOD GH
FODVLILFDFLyQ LQWHUQD GHO PROLQR 5HVXOWDGRV H[SHULPHQWDOHV \ YDORUHV
FDOFXODGRVVHJ~QODHFXDFLyQ

3DUDHYDOXDUODYDULDFLyQGHODPDVDGHDJXDUHWHQLGDDOLQWHULRUGHOPROLQR+DHQ
IXQFLyQ GHO WLHPSR FRQFRUGDQGR FRQ +HUEVW >@ VH SXHGH XWLOL]DU XQD HFXDFLyQ
GLIHUHQFLDOGHSULPHURUGHQTXHUHODFLRQDHVWDYDULDFLyQFRQHOIOXMRGHDJXDGHHQWUDGDHQ
OD DOLPHQWDFLyQ )D HQ WK \ HO IOXMR GH GHVFDUJD GH DJXD 3D HQ WK (VWR LQGLFD TXH VH
FRQVLGHUD HO PROLQR FRPR XQ UHDFWRU SHUIHFWDPHQWH PH]FODGR OR TXH HV XQD VXSRVLFLyQ
DGHFXDGD VHJ~Q ORV UHVXOWDGRV REWHQLGRV HQ ORV HQVD\RV GH GLVWULEXFLyQ GH WLHPSRV GH
UHVLGHQFLDGHWHUPLQDGDSDUDHODJXD
dH a
= Fa Pa

dt
'HODVFRQGLFLRQHVGHPH]FODVXSXHVWDVSDUDHOPROLQRHOIOXMRGHGHVFDUJD3DVH
SXHGH UHODFLRQDU FRQ OD PDVD GH DJXD UHWHQLGD DO LQWHULRU GHO PROLQR D WUDYpV GH OD
VLJXLHQWHUHODFLyQ
Pa = a H a



/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

GRQGHHOSDUiPHWURDVHKDGHQRPLQDGRWDVDGHGHVFDUJDGHDJXDHVXQDIXQFLyQGHODV
FRQGLFLRQHVGHRSHUDFLyQGHOPROLQR\WRPDHQFXHQWDODVYDULDFLRQHVGHODJXDDFXPXODGD
DO LQWHULRU GHO PROLQR &RPR HO FDPELR HQ ODV FRQGLFLRQHV GH RSHUDFLyQ VH UHIOHMD
GLUHFWDPHQWH HQ HO QLYHO GH OOHQDGR GHO PROLQR VH KD UHODFLRQDGR HO SDUiPHWUR WDVD GH
GHVFDUJD GH DJXD FRQ OD PDVD GH PLQHUDO UHWHQLGR DO LQWHULRU GHO PROLQR D WUDYpV GH OD
VLJXLHQWHHFXDFLyQYHU)LJXUD

1

W2
3RUUHJUHVLyQORVSDUiPHWURVGHHVWDHFXDFLyQUHVXOWDQVHU \ 

a = 0 +

(Q OD )LJXUD  VH PXHVWUDQ ORV YDORUHV H[SHULPHQWDOHV \ H[WUDSRODGRV VHJ~Q OD
HFXDFLyQDQWHULRU
 9(/2&,'$' ()(&7,9$ (63(&),&$ '( 02/,(1'$
(QHOPRGHORGHVDUUROODGRORVSURFHVRVGHIUDFWXUDERODSDUWtFXODERODFROSD
FROSDSDUWtFXOD\FROSDFROSDDVtFRPRODDWULFLyQGHODVFROSDVVHKDQXQLGRHQ XQ
VyORPHFDQLVPRSURPHGLRGHIUDFWXUDOLQHDOGHILQLpQGRVHODIXQFLyQYHORFLGDGHIHFWLYD
GHPROLHQGD.LFRQXQLGDGHVWLHPSR&RPRVHPHQFLRQyDQWHULRUPHQWHHQPROLHQGD
FRQYHQFLRQDO.L 6L
/DIXQFLyQXWLOL]DGDSDUDODSDUDPHWUL]DFLyQGHODIXQFLyQYHORFLGDGHIHFWLYDGH
PROLHQGDHVODSURSXHVWDSRU$XVWLQ>@

xi
K i = a
xo



xi
+ a s

125 xo
xi
1 +



/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

Experimental
Calculado

Tasa de descarga de agua, a

80

60

40

20

0
0,2

0,3

0,4

0,5

0,6

0,7

Peso de carga interna, t

)LJXUD

(IHFWRGHOSHVRGHFDUJDLQWHUQDVREUHODWDVDGHGHVFDUJDGHDJXDGHVGHHO
LQWHULRUGHOPROLQR5HVXOWDGRVH[SHULPHQWDOHV\YDORUHVFDOFXODGRVVHJ~Q
ODHFXDFLyQ

FRQ[ HQPP\[ PP


L

8Q FRQFHSWR LPSRUWDQWH DSOLFDGR HQ OD PROLHQGD FRQYHQFLRQDO HV HO GH HQHUJtD
HVSHFtILFDGHPROLHQGDXWLOL]DGRSDUDPRGHODUODVYDULDFLRQHVGHODVWDVDVGHPROLHQGD
GHQWURGHXQDPSOLRUDQJRGHFRQGLFLRQHVGHRSHUDFLyQHVSHFLDOPHQWHHQUHODFLyQFRQ
HOIOXMRPiVLFRGHPLQHUDOSURFHVDGR
(QHOHVTXHPDDQWHULRUVHGHILQHQSDUiPHWURVGHYHORFLGDGHIHFWLYDGHPROLHQGD
TXH VRQ PHQRV VHQVLEOHV D ODV FRQGLFLRQHV GH RSHUDFLyQ GHO PROLQR HV GHFLU VRQ PiV
UHSUHVHQWDWLYRVGHODVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVLQWUtQVHFDVGHOPLQHUDOGHOGLVHxRJHRPpWULFRGHO
PROLQR GLiPHWUR\ODUJR \GHOUHYHVWLPLHQWRLQWHUQRGHOPROLQR
'HHVWDIRUPDHQODPROLHQGDFRQYHQFLRQDOVHGHILQHODHQHUJtDHVSHFtILFD(HQ
N:KWFRPRODUD]yQHQWUHODSRWHQFLDHOpFWULFDGHPDQGDGDSRUHOPROLQR0SHQN:\
HOIOXMRPiVLFRGHPLQHUDOSURFHVDGR)HQWK(VGHFLU
E=

Mp


F
$VtODHQHUJtDHVSHFtILFDVHWUDQVIRUPDHQXQDYDULDEOHRSHUDFLRQDOFDUDFWHUtVWLFD

SDUD FDGD PROLQR \ WLSR GH PLQHUDO SURFHVDGR (VWD PLGH OD HQHUJtD TXH UHTXLHUH HO


/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

VLVWHPDSDUDPROHUXQDWRQHODGDGHPLQHUDOGRQGHHOWpUPLQRPROHULQGLFDHOKHFKRGH
SDVDU XQ PLQHUDO FRQ GHWHUPLQDGD GLVWULEXFLyQ GH WDPDxRV D RWUD FRQ XQD
JUDQXORPHWUtDPiVILQD
'H HVWD IRUPD ORV SDUiPHWURV HVSHFtILFRV GH PROLHQGD TXH VH REWLHQHQ DO
LQWURGXFLUODHQHUJtDHVSHFtILFDGHOVLVWHPDVHGHQRPLQDQ.(LFRQXQLGDGHVGHWN:K\
VHKDYLVWRTXHVRQXQDIRUPDFRQYHQLHQWHGHPRGHODUODPROLHQGDGHPLQHUDOHVSXHV
VXVYDORUHVVRQPHQRVVHQVLEOHVDODFRQGLFLyQSDUWLFXODUGHRSHUDFLyQGHOPROLQR3DUD
UHODFLRQDUORVSDUiPHWURVHVSHFtILFRVGHPROLHQGDFRQODVWDVDVGHPROLHQGDVHXWLOL]DOD
HQHUJtDHVSHFtILFDVHJ~QODVLJXLHQWHH[SUHVLyQ
M p


K i = K iE
W
GRQGH.L(VHGHILQHFRPRIXQFLyQYHORFLGDGHIHFWLYDHVSHFtILFDGHPROLHQGDHQWN:K
\ 0S HV OD SRWHQFLD QHWD FRQVXPLGD HQ N: \ : HV OD PDVD GH PDWHULDO UHWHQLGR HQ HO
PROLQRRKROGXSHQW$OLJXDOTXHHQHOFDVRGHPROLHQGDFRQYHQFLRQDOODIXQFLyQ
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VtVHWHQGUiXQDXPHQWRGHOQLYHOGHOOHQDGR$VXYH]ODSRWHQFLDDXPHQWDDODXPHQWDU
HO PDWHULDO UHWHQLGR OR TXH LPSOLFD TXH OD HQHUJtD QHWD GLVSRQLEOH SRU WRQHODGD GH
PLQHUDOSHUPDQH]FDDSUR[LPDGDPHQWHFRQVWDQWH YHU7DEOD VLQTXHODGLVWULEXFLyQ
GHWDPDxRVGHOSURGXFWRVHYHDDIHFWDGD/RDQWHULRUSURYRFDDGHPiVTXHODYHORFLGDG
HIHFWLYDHVSHFtILFDDODFXDOVHPXHOHHOPLQHUDOSHUPDQH]FDUHODWLYDPHQWHFRQVWDQWHOR
TXHVHSXHGHDSUHFLDUHQOD)LJXUD
/RDQWHULRUHVYiOLGRPLHQWUDVHODXPHQWRGHOIOXMRGHDOLPHQWDFLyQSURYRTXHXQ
DXPHQWR HQ HO QLYHO GH OOHQDGR \ HVWH D VX YH] JHQHUH XQ DXPHQWR HQ OD SRWHQFLD
FRQVXPLGD (V LPSRUWDQWH GHVWDFDU TXH HQ ORV PROLQRV VHPLDXWyJHQRV H[LVWH XQ IOXMR
Pi[LPRKDVWDHOFXDOHVSRVLEOHREWHQHUDXPHQWRVGHOQLYHOGHOOHQDGR\GHSRWHQFLDDO
PLVPRWLHPSR\HQTXHVHSXHGHRSHUDUHQIRUPDHVWDEOH6HGHEHWHQHUFODURTXHFDGD
LQFUHPHQWRHQHOIOXMRVLJQLILFDXQQXHYRSXQWRGHRSHUDFLyQSDUDHOQLYHOGHOOHQDGR\
HOFRQVXPRGHSRWHQFLDVLVHPDQWLHQHQWRGDVODVRWUDVYDULDEOHVFRQVWDQWHV



/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

Velocidad efectiva especfica de molienda, t/kWh

0.1

3.38 t/h
3.45 t/h
3.72 t/h
0.01
10

100

1000

10000

100000

1000000

Tamao de partcula, m

)LJXUD

9DULDFLyQGHODIXQFLyQYHORFLGDGHIHFWLYDHVSHFtILFDGHPROLHQGDDOYDULDU
HOIOXMRGHDOLPHQWDFLyQHQHQVD\RSLORWRGHPROLHQGDVHPLDXWyJHQD

'H HVWD PDQHUD DO DXPHQWDU HO IOXMR GH DOLPHQWDFLyQ HO PROLQR FRPLHQ]D D
DFXPXODUFDUJD\OyJLFDPHQWHODSRWHQFLDWRPDGDSRUHOPRWRUDXPHQWD6LQHPEDUJR
VHOOHJDDXQDVLWXDFLyQWDOTXHFXDOTXLHUDXPHQWRDGLFLRQDOHQHOIOXMRGHDOLPHQWDFLyQ
SURGXFH XQ GHVEDODQFH HQ OD FDUJD LQWHUQD GHO PROLQR GH PRGR TXH OD YHORFLGDG D OD
TXH VH UHGXFH GH WDPDxR HO PLQHUDO QR ORJUD PDQWHQHU HO PROLQR HQ HTXLOLEULR (VWH
GHVHTXLOLEULRHQWUHODWDVDGHDOLPHQWDFLyQ\ODGHUHGXFFLyQGHWDPDxRVSURYRFDTXHHO
PROLQR VH OOHQH UiSLGDPHQWH \ VH VREUHFDUJXH JHQHUDQGR XQD GLVPLQXFLyQ GH OD
SRWHQFLD FRQVXPLGD FRQGLFLyQ TXH VH KD GHQRPLQDGR FRPR VREUHOOHQDGR FOiVLFR 
$QWHVGHOOHJDUDHVWDFRQGLFLyQHORSHUDGRUGHEHGLVPLQXLUHOIOXMRGHDOLPHQWDFLyQDO
PROLQR \ SHUPLWLU TXH HO HTXLSR GHVFDUJXH VX FRQWHQLGR SDUD OXHJR UHLQLFLDU OD
DOLPHQWDFLyQDXQDWDVDPHQRUTXHSHUPLWDUHFXSHUDUODHVWDELOL]DFLyQGHODRSHUDFLyQ
3DUD PD[LPL]DU HO WRQHODMH SURFHVDGR XQ PROLQR VHPLDXWyJHQR GHEH VHU
DOLPHQWDGR D XQD WDVD TXH PDQWHQJD OD SRWHQFLD PX\ FHUFD GHO YDORU Pi[LPR 6LQ
HPEDUJR HQ OD SUiFWLFD HVWR HV PX\ GLItFLO GH ORJUDU \D TXH OD SRWHQFLD YDUtD WDPELpQ
FRQHOUHVWRGHODVFRQGLFLRQHVGHRSHUDFLyQ\FRQODVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVGHOPLQHUDO(VWRKD
OOHYDGR DO XVR GH VLVWHPDV GH FRQWURO TXH EXVFDQ HQ IRUPD DXWRPiWLFD ODV FRQGLFLRQHV
TXHSHUPLWDQHOXVRGHODSRWHQFLDPi[LPD



/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

 ()(&72'(/$'(16,'$''(38/3$(1/$'(6&$5*$
(VLPSRUWDQWHGHVWDFDUTXHXQSDUiPHWURLPSRUWDQWHTXHGHILQHODVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDV
GHRSHUDFLyQ GHO PROLQR VHPLDXWyJHQR HV OD GHQVLGDG GH SXOSD GH OD FDUJD LQWHUQD OD
TXH HVWi tQWLPDPHQWH UHODFLRQDGD FRQ OD YLVFRVLGDG GH OD SXOSD (VWD ~OWLPD GHILQH HQ
JUDQ PHGLGD OD IRUPD GHO PRYLPLHQWR GH OD FDUJD LQWHUQD OR TXH DIHFWD GLUHFWDPHQWH
VREUH HO FRQVXPR GH SRWHQFLD GHO PROLQR FRQGLFLyQ D OD TXH QR VH KD GDGR PXFKD
LPSRUWDQFLDKDVWDHOGtDGHKR\/DPHQWDEOHPHQWHHVWHSDUiPHWURQRSXHGHVHUPHGLGR
GLUHFWDPHQWHSRUORTXHQRUPDOPHQWHVHFRQWURODODGHQVLGDGGHSXOSDHQODGHVFDUJD
6LQHPEDUJRGHELGRDFRQGLFLRQHVGHWUDQVSRUWHGHPDVDDOLQWHULRUGHOPROLQRVHGHEH
FRQVLGHUDU TXH OD GHQVLGDG GH OD SXOSD HQ OD FDUJD LQWHUQD HV PD\RU D OD GH GHVFDUJD
SRUORTXHGHEHWHQHUVHHVWRHQFRQVLGHUDFLyQGXUDQWHODRSHUDFLyQ
7DEOD
Test

(IHFWR GH OD GLOXFLyQ GH OD SXOSD HQ OD GHVFDUJD VREUH OD UHVSXHVWD GHO
PROLQRVHPLDXWyJHQRSLORWRFRQXQQLYHOGHOOHQDGRGHERODVGH

Granulometra de
alimentacin, %
+4
4x2
-2

Flujo de
alimentacin
t/h

Slidos en
descarga
%

Potencia
Consumid
a
KW

Energa
especfica
kWh/t

Nivel de
carga
%

12.1

8.4

79.5

3.51

63.2

9.18

2.61

17.8

13.2

11.1

75.9

3.53

70.6

8.63

2.44

17.8

10.4

11.7

77.9

3.45

73.9

9.35

2.71

18.2

11.3

9.8

78.9

3.49

79.2

9.67

2.77

25.3

$OYDULDUHOSRUFHQWDMHGHVyOLGRVGHODSXOSDHQODGHVFDUJDGHXQPROLQRSLORWR
GHDHQSHVRVHREVHUYDTXHHOQLYHOGHOOHQDGRHOFRQVXPRHVSHFtILFRGHHQHUJtD
\ HO FRQVXPR GH SRWHQFLD DXPHQWDQ 7DEOD  (Q HVWH FDVR OD JUDQXORPHWUtD GHO
SURGXFWRDVtFRPRHOGHODFDUJDLQWHUQDHVPiVJUXHVDDPHGLGDTXHODUHODFLyQHQWUHHO
IOXMRGHDJXD\HOIOXMRGHPLQHUDOHVPD\RU)LJXUD(VWRFRUURERUDTXHHOWUDQVSRUWH
GH DJXD DO LQWHULRU GHO PROLQR HV XQ IHQyPHQR UHOHYDQWH SDUD GHILQLU WDQWR ODV
FDUDFWHUtVWLFDVGHODRSHUDFLyQFRPRGHOSURGXFWRGHOHTXLSRDVtFRPRODHILFLHQFLDGH
FODVLILFDFLyQGHODSDUULOODLQWHUQD



/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

100

Acumulado pasante, %

Producto

10

Alimentacin
63.2 % slidos
70.6 % slidos
73.9 % slidos
79.2 % slidos

Carga
Interna

1
10

100

1000

10000

100000

1000000

Tamao de partcula, m

)LJXUD

(IHFWR GH OD GLOXFLyQ GH SXOSD HQ OD GHVFDUJD GHO PROLQR VREUH ODV
JUDQXORPHWUtDV GH FDUJD LQWHUQD \ SURGXFWR GH PROLQR VHPLDXWyJHQR
SLORWR

'H HVWD IRUPD KD\ TXH FRQVLGHUDU TXH D WUDYpV GH OD GHQVLGDG GH SXOSD HQ OD
GHVFDUJDHVSRVLEOHFRQWURODUHOQLYHOGHSXOSDHQHOPROLQR3RUHMHPSORVLVHDXPHQWD
HO DJXD GH DOLPHQWDFLyQ HV SRVLEOH GHVFDUJDU WRGRV ORV ILQRV FRQ PD\RU UDSLGH]
DXPHQWDQGRODHILFLHQFLDGHSDVRGHORVILQRVDWUDYpVGHOFODVLILFDGRULQWHUQRTXHHVOD
SDUULOOD0LHQWUDVTXHSRUHOFRQWUDULRDOGLVPLQXLUHOIOXMRGHDJXDGHODDOLPHQWDFLyQ
DXPHQWDODGHQVLGDGGHSXOSDDOLQWHULRUGHOPROLQRVHLQFUHPHQWDODYLVFRVLGDGGHOD
FDUJDLQWHUQD\VHUHGXFHQODVWDVDVGHGHVFDUJDSURYRFDQGRXQDXPHQWRGHOYROXPHQ
GH SXOSD \ GH OD SRWHQFLD JHQHUDQGR DGHPiV XQD GLVPLQXFLyQ GH OD FDSDFLGDG GH
SURFHVDPLHQWRGHOPLQHUDO
7RGRORDQWHULRUORFRUURERUDODSUiFWLFDGHOJULQGRXWHQORVPROLQRVLQGXVWULDOHV
HO TXH VH UHDOL]D SDUD WHQHU PHGLFLRQHV SUHFLVDV GHO QLYHO GH OOHQDGR GH PHGLRV GH
PROLHQGDHQHOPROLQR(VWHSUiFWLFDFRQVLVWHHQFRUWDUHOIOXMRGHPLQHUDO\PDQWHQHUHO
IOXMRGHDJXDDOPROLQRFRQORTXHVHREWLHQHXQUiSLGRYDFLDGRGHODFDUJDLQWHUQDGHO
PROLQR/DPHGLFLyQGHOQLYHOGHOOHQDGRYROXPpWULFRUHVXOWDPX\H[DFWRSHURHOGDxR
TXHVH SURYRFD D OD FDUJD GH PHGLRV GH PROLHQGD PHWiOLFRV \ D ORV UHYHVWLPLHQWRV GHO
PROLQRSXHGHWUDHUFRQVHFXHQFLDVJUDYHVSRVWHULRUPHQWH



/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

 ()(&72'(/$3$55,//$'('(6&$5*$
/RVPROLQRVDXWyJHQRV\VHPLDXWyJHQRVVHFDUDFWHUL]DQSRUHOXVRGHXQDSDUULOOD
GH GHVFDUJD FX\R REMHWLYR HV UHWHQHU DO LQWHULRU GHO HTXLSR ORV PHGLRV GH PROLHQGD
WDQWRFROSDVGHPLQHUDOFRPRPHGLRVPHWiOLFRV'HHVWDIRUPDHOPLQHUDODOLPHQWDGRDO
PROLQRSXHGHVHUGHVFDUJDGRVyORXQDYH]TXHKDVLGRPROLGRDXQWDPDxRPHQRUTXH
ODVDEHUWXUDVGHODSDUULOOD
$FWXDOPHQWHH[LVWHQHQRSHUDFLyQLQGXVWULDOSDUULOODVFRQDEHUWXUDVGHDSOJ
\FRQGLIHUHQWHVFRQILJXUDFLRQHV'HVGHXQSXQWRGHYLVWDSUiFWLFRVHFRQVLGHUDTXHOD
SDUULOODGHGHVFDUJDDFW~DFRPRXQFODVLILFDGRUGHOPDWHULDOTXHSXHGHVDOLUGHOPROLQR
(VWDRSHUDFLyQLQHYLWDEOHPHQWHQRHVSHUIHFWD3RUHVWRVLHPSUHXQDIUDFFLyQGHPLQHUDO
GH WDPDxR PHQRU D OD DEHUWXUD GH OD SDUULOOD HV UHWHQLGD DO LQWHULRU GHO PROLQR /D
VLJXLHQWH)LJXUDPXHVWUDODIRUPDHQTXHYDUtDODFXUYDGHHILFLHQFLDGHFODVLILFDFLyQ
GHODSDUULOODGHGHVFDUJDDOYDULDUODGHQVLGDGGHSXOSDGHODFDUJDLQWHUQD>@

1.0

Eficiencia de clasificacin, o/1

0.8

Slidos en peso en descarga


63.2 %
70.6 %
73.9 %
79.2 %

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.0
10

100

1000

10000

100000

1000000

Tamao de partcula, m

)LJXUD

(IHFWR GHO SRUFHQWDMH GH VyOLGRV HQ OD GHVFDUJD VREUH OD HILFLHQFLD GH
FODVLILFDFLyQGHSDUULOODLQWHUQDGHPROLQRVHPLDXWyJHQRGHWHUPLQDGDVHQ
HQVD\RVDQLYHOSLORWR

(V UD]RQDEOH VXSRQHU TXH HO IOXMR GH GHVFDUJD D WUDYpV GH OD SDUULOOD HV
SURSRUFLRQDO D OD PDVD GH PLQHUDO ILQR UHWHQLGR HQ HO PROLQR (VWR LPSOLFD TXH SDUD
EDODQFHDUXQDXPHQWRGHOIOXMRGHHQWUDGDFRQXQDPD\RUGHVFDUJDQHFHVDULDPHQWHHO
YROXPHQ GH SXOSD HQ HO PROLQR GHEH DXPHQWDU SURSRUFLRQDOPHQWH VL ODV GHPiV
FRQGLFLRQHVSHUPDQHFHQFRQVWDQWHVORTXHUHDILUPDORGLVFXWLGRDQWHULRUPHQWH


/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

'HDFXHUGRFRQODGHILQLFLyQGHRSHUDFLyQySWLPDGHXQPROLQRVHPLDXWyJHQRHO
GLVHxRGHODSDUULOODGHEHDVHJXUDUXQDGHQVLGDGySWLPDGHODFDUJDLQWHUQDGHPRGR
TXH KD\D FRUUHVSRQGHQFLD HQWUH HO FRQVXPR GH HQHUJtD \ OD DFFLyQ GH PROLHQGD \ VLQ
TXH OD SXOSD VH WRUQH H[FHVLYDPHQWH YLVFRVD 3DUD HOOR %DUUDWW UHFRPLHQGD XELFDU ORV
DJXMHURV GH SDUULOOD HQ HO DQLOOR PiV H[WHUQR GH OD WDSD GH GHVFDUJD GH PRGR TXH OD
SXOSD\ORVSHEEOHVVDOJDQSRUODSDUWHPiVEDMDGHODFDUJD3RURWURODGRHOGLVHxRGH
DJXMHURV GH SDUULOOD GHEH WHQHU HQ FXHQWD HO DOWR JUDGR GH LPSDFWR TXH pVWDV UHFLEHQ
8VXDOPHQWHHOiUHDHIHFWLYDGHIOXMRQRVREUHSDVDHOGHOWRWDOSDUDQRGHELOLWDUOD
HVWUXFWXUDHVSHFLDOPHQWHFXDQGRVHWLHQHXQVLVWHPDGHGHVFDUJDHQHVSLUDO(QVLVWHPDV
GHVFDUJDVUDGLDOHVVHSXHGHQHQFRQWUDUKDVWDGHiUHDHIHFWLYDFRQHVSHVRUHVGH
PP SHUR HQ PROLQRV DXWyJHQRV VXMHWRV D XQ LPSDFWR PXFKR PHQRV VHYHUR
1RUPDOPHQWH VH XVDQ OHYDQWDGRUHV OLIWHUV  HQ ODV SLH]DV TXH FRPSRQHQ  ODV SDUULOODV
SDUD UHGXFLU HO GHVJDVWH /DV SDUULOODV UHFLpQ LQVWDODGDV GXUDQWH ORV SULPHURV GtDV GH
RSHUDFLyQ JHQHUDQ XQD UHGXFFLyQ GHO IOXMR TXH SDVD D WUDYpV GH HOODV \ SRU OR WDQWR
DIHFWDQODFDSDFLGDGGHOHTXLSRGHELGRDVXPD\RUHVSHVRU\DODDSDULFLyQGHSHHQLQJ
HQHOERUGHTXHUHGXFHHOiUHDHIHFWLYDGHDJXMHURVVHJ~QVHREVHUYDHQOD)LJXUD>@
3RVWHULRUPHQWH VH REVHUYD TXH OD DEHUWXUD HIHFWLYD FRPLHQ]D D DXPHQWDU GHELGR DO
GHVJDVWHDEUDVLYRTXHOHSURYRFDODSXOSD

Abertura de parrilla, plg

3.0

2.8

2.6

2.4

2.2
0

50

100

150

200

250

Tiempo de operacin, das



/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

)LJXUD

(MHPSORGHHYROXFLyQHQHOWLHPSRGHODDEHUWXUDGHSDUULOODHQXQPROLQR
VHPLDXWyJHQR

/DGHVFDUJDGHSXOSDHQORVPROLQRVVHPLDXWyJHQRVVHUHDOL]DDWUDYpVGHOVLVWHPD
FRPSXHVWRSRUODSDUULOODLQWHUQDTXHSHUPLWHODHYDFXDFLyQGHOPLQHUDO\DIUDFWXUDGR
IXHUDGHOD]RQDGHPROLHQGD\SRUORVSXOSOLIWHUTXHOOHYDQHOPDWHULDOKDVWDHOPXxyQ
GHGHVFDUJDHOLPLQiQGRORGHOPROLQR$VtODVJUDQGHVSDUWtFXODVGHPLQHUDO\ODVERODV
GHPROLHQGDVRQUHWHQLGDVGHQWURGHOHTXLSRKDVWDTXHDOFDQ]DQXQWDPDxRPHQRUTXH
ODDEHUWXUDGHODSDUULOOD6HJ~QORGLVFXWLGRDQWHULRUPHQWHHQODSDUULOODSDUWHGHOIOXMR
HV FODVLILFDGR GH DFXHUGR D XQD HILFLHQFLD SRU WDPDxRV GDGD SRU ODV FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV
JHRPpWULFDVGHOFODVLILFDGRU\ODVFRQGLFLRQHVGHRSHUDFLyQGHOPROLQR/DIUDFFLyQGHOIOXMR
TXHQRSDVDSRUODSDUULOODHVPDQWHQLGDHQODFiPDUDGHPROLHQGD\FRQWLQXDH[SXHVWD
D VHU IUDFWXUDGD /DV FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV JHRPpWULFDV GHO FODVLILFDGRU FRQVLGHUD VXV
FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV JHRPpWULFDV WDPDxRV GH ODV DEHUWXUDV GH OD SDUULOOD IRUPD GH ODV
DEHUWXUDV \ VX RULHQWDFLyQ VL VRQ DODUJDGRV IUDFFLyQ GHO iUHD WRWDO H[SXHVWD TXH VH
HQFXHQWUDOLEUH\DOWXUDGHODQLOORFRUUHVSRQGLHQWHDODSDUULOOD)LJXUD

)LJXUD (VTXHPDVGHGLVHxRVGHSDUULOODV
'HREVHUYDFLRQHVHQWHUUHQRHVSRVLEOHTXHVHSUHVHQWHXQVHJXQGRIHQyPHQRGH
FODVLILFDFLyQ HQ HO VLVWHPD GH HYDFXDFLyQ (O PDWHULDO TXH KD ORJUDGR DWUDYHVDU OD
SDUULOODHVOHYDQWDGRSRUORVDO]DGRUHVGHSXOSDKDVWDDOFDQ]DUODDEHUWXUDGHOPXxyQGH
GHVFDUJD GHO PROLQR 0HGLFLRQHV GH OD FXUYD GH FODVLILFDFLyQ GHO FRQMXQWR SDUULOOD 
SXOSOLIWHUKHFKDVSRUORVDXWRUHVLQGLFDQTXHQRWRGRHOPDWHULDOTXHVHHQFXHQWUDHQ


/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

ORV DO]DGRUHV GH SXOSD HV HYDFXDGR GHO PROLQR SDUWH GH pO DWUDYLHVD OD SDUULOOD
QXHYDPHQWH SDUD LQJUHVDU D OD FiPDUD GH PROLHQGD (VWR UHSUHVHQWD XQD H[SOLFDFLyQ
SUiFWLFDDODIRUPDTXHSUHVHQWDODFXUYDGHFODVLILFDFLyQGHODSDUULOODLQWHUQD)LJXUD
GHO &DStWXOR  TXH PXHVWUD XQD DQRPDOtD UHVSHFWR D XQD FXUYD WURPS GH XQ
KLGURFLFOyQHQWDPDxRVOHYHPHQWHPHQRUHVDODDEHUWXUDHIHFWLYDGHODSDUULOOD
(OGLVHxRGHODSDUULOODGHGHVFDUJDHVGHILQLGRLQLFLDOPHQWHSRUHOIDEULFDQWHGHO
PROLQR3RVWHULRUPHQWHVHUHDOL]DQPRGLILFDFLyQRULHQWDGDVDUHIRU]DU]RQDVTXHVXIUHQ
IUDFWXUD \R DXPHQWRV GH YROXPHQ HQ OXJDUHV TXH SUHVHQWDQ PD\RU GHVJDVWH 1R KD\
XQ FULWHULR GHILQLGR SDUD FDOFXODU HO WDPDxR GH DJXMHURV \ HO iUHD WRWDO GH DJXMHURV
%DUUDWW>@PHQFLRQDXQDUHFRPHQGDFLyQGHXQIDEULFDQWHGH8VJSPLQFRPRIOXMR
GH UHIHUHQFLD SDUD GHWHUPLQDU HO iUHD GH DJXMHURV FRQVLGHUDQGR DOLPHQWDFLyQ IUHVFD \
FDUJDFLUFXODQWH(QPROLQRVLQGXVWULDOHVHVFRP~QHQFRQWUDUXQVyORWDPDxRGHDJXMHUR
HQODVSDUULOODVFX\DORQJLWXGVHDMXVWDSDUDSHUPLWLUXQIOXMRVXILFLHQWHGHSXOSD2WUR
FULWHULR GH GLVHxR DOWHUQDWLYR HV DVLJQDU  LQWSK GH SHEEOH UHFLUFXODGR HVSHUDQGR
TXHHOiUHDUHVXOWDQWHVHDVXILFLHQWHSDUDTXHIOX\DDGHPiVODSXOSD
6HGHEHWHQHUSUHVHQWHTXHHOGLVHxRGHODVSDUULOODVDIHFWDGLUHFWDPHQWHHOQLYHO
GH OOHQDGR GHO PROLQR 6LQ HPEDUJR FDVL QR H[LVWH PDWHULDO SXEOLFDGR TXH DERUGH HQ
IRUPDFXDQWLWDWLYDHOGLVHxRGHSDUULOODHQPROLHQGDVHPLDXWyJHQD
(QHOFDVRGHORVSXOSOLIWHUVQRH[LVWHDFXHUGRVREUHVXJHRPHWUtDPiVDGHFXDGD
DXQTXHWLHQHQFLHUWDSUHIHUHQFLDSRUHOGLVHxRUHFWRIUHQWHDOGLVHxRFXUYRSRUTXHGDQ
ODDOWHUQDWLYDGHJLUDUHOPROLQRHQDPERVVHQWLGRV)LJXUD



/XLV 0DJQH 2  :DOGR 9DOGHUUDPD 5

02/,(1'$ 6$*  2SHUDFLyQ 0DQWHQFLyQ \ &RQWURO

)LJXUD

&RUWH HVTXHPiWLFR GHO VLVWHPD GH GHVFDUJD GH XQ PROLQR VHPLDXWyJHQR
IRUPDGRSRUODSDUULOOD\HOFDMyQGHHYDFXDFLyQGHSXOSD
'HVGHODSHUVSHFWLYDGHOWUDQVSRUWHGHPDVDODFDUJDGHOPROLQRODSDUULOOD\ORV

SXOSOLIWHU FRQIRUPDQ XQ VLVWHPD FRQHFWDGR HQ VHULH 3RU OR WDQWR HO IOXMR HVWi
GHWHUPLQDGR SRU OD HWDSD TXH UHVXOWH FUtWLFD (O GLVHxR GHEH VHU WDO TXH HQ QLQJ~Q
PRPHQWR ORV SXOSOLIWHU VHDQ SDVR FUtWLFR \ TXH OD FDSDFLGDG GH IOXMR D WUDYpV GH OD
SDUULOODDSUR[LPDGDPHQWHFRLQFLGDFRQODGHOPDWHULDODWUDYpVGHODFDUJD8QH[FHVRGH
FDSDFLGDGHQODSDUULOODGLILFXOWDODPDQWHQFLyQGHXQOOHQDGRHVWDEOH\HOHYDHOGDxRDO
UHYHVWLPLHQWR HQ JHQHUDO \ D ODV SURSLDV SDUULOODV HQ SDUWLFXODU 8Q GpILFLW SRU HO
FRQWUDULR GLVPLQX\H OD FDSDFLGDG GHO PROLQR (O IOXMR D WUDYpV GH OD SDUULOOD GHSHQGH
SULQFLSDOPHQWH GHO iUHD HIHFWLYD GH DJXMHURV \ SXHGH YHUVH DIHFWDGR DGHPiV SRU HO
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6.0

24.0

130,8

178,8

53,7

232,5

64,0

7.0

23.0

152,6

171,4

53,7

225,1

59,6

8.0

22.0

174,4

163,9

53,7

217,6

55,5

9.0

21.0

196,2

156,5

53,7

210,1

51,7

10.0

20.0

218,0

149,0

53,7

202,7

48,2

11.0

19.0

239,8

141,6

53,7

195,2

44,9

12.0

18.0

261,6

134,1

53,7

187,8

41,8

13.0

17.0

283,5

126,7

53,7

180,3

38,9

14.0

16.0

305,3

119,2

53,7

172,9

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15

20

25

30

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entrenamiento

Responsable en
Terreno de Externos

Ejecutivo Externo



Acordar evaluaciones
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Responsable de
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Negociar poltica de
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Asesorar la
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calidad de
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mediciones de
calidad

Dirigir personal en
faena
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calidad de
fabricacin

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Manipulacin

Material de Revestimiento
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Aprobar o rechazar
trabajos
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Definir y obtener
mediciones de
indicadores de
calidad de
instalacin

Supervisin

Calidad de Instalacin

Entrenamiento

Alta Direccin de la
Planta

PIEZAS DE
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VIDA UTIL DE

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Definir pH deseable en
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productividad de
molino SAG
Supervisar
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vida til de
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productividad de
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de operacin del
molino SAG

Definir nivel de carga


deseable en
operacin
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Dinmica
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Materiales

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No disponibles
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Aumento del
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Dificultad en
soltar pernos
Dificultad de
afirmar piezas
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lainera
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Impacto en molinos
10000

1450.1

ksi

Esfuerzos de Impacto [MPa]

Experimental sin mineral


Extrapolado
Experimental con mineral
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1000

145.0
1

10

100

Mb*Dm [kg*m]

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Porcentaje bolas fracturadas

60

SinRev
Rev120
Rev150
Rev180

50

40

16 horas despus

30

20

10

0
50

100

150

200

Cadas / bola
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