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C = 3: Ternary Systems:

Example 1: Ternary Eutectic


Di - An - Fo
Note three binary eutectics No solid solution Ternary eutectic = M
Anorthite

Ternary Systems
Readings: Winter Chapter 7

M T

Forsterite Diopside

T - X Projection of Di - An - Fo
Isobaric diagram illustrating the liquidus temperatures in the Di-An-Fo system at atmospheric pressure (0.1 MPa). After Bowen (1915), A. J. Sci., and Morse (1994), (1994), Basalts and Phase Diagrams. Krieger Publishers.

Crystallization Relationships

Liquid
Di + Liq

a
An + Liq An

Di + An

= 2 (Fo + Liq) =3-2+1=2 If on liquidus, need to specify only 2 intensive variables


!F

Pure Fo forms Just as in binary =? F=?

to determine the system liq ! T and X An or liq liq ! X An and X Fo


X of pure Fo is fixed

Lever principle relative proportions of liquid & Fo o " At 1500 C


!Liq ! x/Fo

x + Fo = bulk a = a-Fo/x-a

" New continuous reaction as liquid follows cotectic:


LiqA LiqB + Fo + Di

" Bulk solid extract " Di/Fo in bulk solid extract using lever principle
1270
1300

1274

14

00

00 15

Liq

1392

Diopside

Di +

Fo + Liq
1387

! At 1300oC liquid =

X Fo balanced on bulk a

! Imagine triangular plane X - Di -

Liq x a Di m Fo

Liq total solids = a-m Liq-a total Di Fo = m-Fo Di-m

Partial Melting (remove melt):

y Fo - An - SiO2
3 binary systems: FoFo-An eutectic AnAn-SiO2 eutectic FoFo-SiO2 peritectic
Isobaric diagram illustrating the cotectic and peritectic curves in the system forsteriteanorthite-silica at 0.1 MPa. After Anderson (1915) A. J. Sci., and Irvine (1975) CIW Yearb. 74.

y
(at 0.1 MPa)

x
te ors rite iq +L

b
+L iq

a
tite

Fo

1890

En

En sta

Works the same way as the Fo - En - SiO2 binary

k
1557

Fo

En

f
ite ter ors +L iq

b
+L iq

Fo

En

En sta

tite

DiopsideDiopside-AlbiteAlbite-Anorthite
Isobaric diagram illustrating the liquidus temperatures in the system diopsidediopsideanorthiteanorthite-albite at atmospheric pressure (0.1 MPa). After Morse (1994), (1994), Basalts and Phase Diagrams. Krieger Publushers

Isobaric polythermal projection

Isobaric diagram illustrating the liquidus temperatures in the system diopsideanorthite-albite at atmospheric pressure (0.1 MPa). After Morse (1994), Basalts and Phase Diagrams. Krieger Publishers.

Di - An Eutectic Di - Ab Eutectic Ab - An solid solution

Binary character is usually maintained when a new component is added


! Eutectic behavior remains eutectic ! Peritectic behavior remains peritectic ! Solid solutions remain so as well