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Courier 6i SL Datasheet


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Courier 6i SL on-stream XRF slurry analyzer

1. Courier 6i SL analyzer
Courier 6i SL analyzer is designed for accurate and reliable on-stream X-ray fluorescence (XRF) measurement of element concentrations in slurries for up to 24 samples. The analyzer is comprised of four main components; the analyzer probe with cooling system, probe control set (PCS), sampling equipment, and the local and remote user interface PCs. The analyzer probe contains the physical components needed for the XRF analysis; the sample measurement cell, measurement channels, X-ray tube, high voltage supply, processing electronics, and temperature control. The Probe Control Set (PCS) monitors and controls the system functions; i.e., sampling and measurement sequences. The sampling equipment includes primary samplers, multiplexers (MXA), demultiplexers (DMA), and the calibration sampler (CSA). The primary samplers take a representative sample from the process flow. The sample flow is piped to the multiplexers of the analyzer. The multiplexers direct sample streams into the measurement cell in a predefined measurement sequence, remove air and trash from the sample, and stabilize the sample flow. The calibration sampler provides a representative sample for calibration, and demultiplexers direct the reject sample flows from the calibration sampler to the desired location. The multiplexers collect composite samples from each sample stream. The Courier Local user Interface (CLI 6700) touch screen display and control switches are the process operator interface for Courier 6i SL analyzer. PCs with network connection to the Courier can be used as remote user interfaces to display analysis results, alarms, and diagnostic data anywhere. The analyzer can be accessed remotely for customer support in parameter setup, status monitoring, and diagnostic data evaluation. Figure 1. Courier 6i SL analyzer probe

2. Performance Data
The Courier 6i SL analyzer is a high performance device for measuring element concentrations in slurries. 2.1. Analysis method The analysis method is Wavelength Dispersive Xray Fluorescence (WDXRF) with X-ray tube excitation and fixed crystal spectrometers. An additional Energy Dispersive (EDXRF) measurement can be performed by using an optional proportional counter and/or a Peltier cooled solid state detector. 2.2. Element range The element range is from Calcium to Uranium (atomic numbers 20 to 92). 2.3. Measurement time Depending on the application, the measurement time is 1530 seconds per stream, leading to a total cycle time of 914 minutes per 18 streams and 1218 minutes per 24 streams. With two multiplexers the total cycle time is 911 minutes per 12 streams.


Courier 6i SL Datasheet 2.4. Number of simultaneous assays The Courier 6i SL analyzer probe can have up to 6 parallel measurement channels, based on either fixed spectrometers (WDXRF) or energy dispersive detectors (EDXRF). The number of simultaneous assays is dependent on the application; in practice one can measure simultaneously 1-12 element concentrations and the solids content of the slurry. 2.5. Count rate There are up to 30 000 counts per second for each WDXRF measurement channel, which gives excellent counting statistics even with short measuring times. 2.6. Concentration range The concentration range is from 0.002 to 100% by weight for slurries. 2.7. Detection limit The detection limit for most elements is 330 ppm in slurries. For Chrome and lighter elements, elements from Cadmium to Promethium and with ED channels the detection limit is higher. 2.8. Precision With most elements, changes of the order of 0.01% can be detected at 1% level with a probability of 95% from a homogenous sample. 2.9. Short term stability Measured intensity stabilized to 0.1% in specified operating circumstances. 2.10. Long term stability The long-term instrument drift is compensated by automatic internal reference measurements. 2.11. High selectivity The high resolution of the crystal spectrometer allows measurements of neighboring elements with no peak overlap. For instance, 8 ppm Cu can be detected in sample with high level of Ni or Zn. 2.12. Accuracy The accuracy of a measurement is a function of the sample parameters, such as matrix composition, mineralization, and particle size. Under normal operating conditions, the following relative standard deviations are achieved for individual slurry sample measurements of concentration levels well above the relevant minimum detection limit of the analyzer. Minor concentrations 3-6% Major concentrations 1-4%


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3. Specifications
3.1. Sample streams The Courier 6i SL is capable of taking up to 24 sample streams per analyzer. 3.2. Controlled sampling Controlled sampling feature increases availability of the sample lines by shutting down the sample flow and flushing the sample line periodically with water. The operation of controlled sampling is automatic, and does not need operator attendance. 3.3. Multiplexer (MXA) Pneumatically actuated sample multiplexer for 6 sample streams with composite sampling feature. Primary sample flow rates: 70200 l/min (1853 GPM) recommended, 300 l/min (80 GPM) maximum, 40 l/min (10 GPM) minimum Primary sample line: Inlet OD 60.3 mm/G2 Primary reject flow rate and fitting: 300 l/min (80 GPM) maximum, OD 76.1 mm/G2 3.4. Measurement cell A rubber lined measurement cell with selftightening window with second protective window and moisture leakage detection. An optional automatic window changer (AWC) recommended. Jet sample cell provides a good analytical accuracy across wide particle size range. Flow rate: 2030 l/min (58 GPM) Input/output fitting: Hose connector OD 16mm 3.5. Calibration sampler (CSA) The calibration sampler ensures that a representative sample is used for laboratory assaying. The calibration sampler has an automatic positioning with a feedback signal so it can be used as first stage demultiplexing device. Outlet fitting: Hose connector OD 40 mm 3.6. Demultiplexer (DMA) The demultiplexer directs the sample flow from the calibration sampler to an appropriate return location. The demultiplexer has automatic positioning based on position feedback signal. Inlet fitting: Hose connector OD 40 mm Outlet fitting: Hose connector OD 50 mm


Courier 6i SL Datasheet 3.7. X-ray tube The X-ray tube is a high power 50 kV/4 mA watercooled target transmission tube, using anode target materials optimized for the application. It is energized by a high voltage and filament power supply. 3.8. Wavelength Dispersive (WDXRF) channels The WDXRF channels are Johansson type fixed spectrometers using quartz or LiF crystals. The WDXRF X-ray detectors are Xe-Co2 or Ar filled, sealed proportional counters. 3.9. Energy Dispersive (EDXRF) channels The EDXRF detectors are Xe-Co2, Ar or Ne filled, sealed proportional counters, or Peltier cooled silicon PIN diode detectors. The proportional counter high voltage is temperature stabilized and adjustable to 500-1000V or 750 1500V. The SiPIN detectors are cooled below -20C by an integrated Peltier element/temperature controller, and use a 100V bias voltage. 3.10. Pulse processing The pulse processing unit consists of a shaping amplifier, A/D conversion and multichannel analysis. The raw measurement results are transferred to the processor, which processes the results and controls the pulse processing units. The features include: Up to six measurement channels, each having 1024 microchannels (32-bit count registers) to represent the pulse height spectrum. Automatic feed back gain control, based on internal reference measurement. A free selection of 20 element channels for intensity calculation in the measured spectra. Genuine recording of live measurement time. Versatile self-diagnostics, using an internal test pulse generator and internal reference measurement.


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3.12. Cabinet sealing

The analyzer probe, the PCS probe control set and the CLI local user interface comply with the IP56 specifications, which correspond to the NEMA 4X specification. 3.13. Local user interface CLI 6700 Controls on the panel are: Power on/off for the analyzer probe Standby/Run switch for the analyzer Visible lamp indications for X-ray power and alarm status The local touch screen display shows: Operational state Assay and other data in numeric and trend format Status for current and next sample measurements Alarms Manual controls for composite sampling and for collecting calibration samples Manual and/or remote control of the sample sequence Special commands for maintenance Event displays for troubleshooting 3.14. Remote user interfaces Essentially all local user interface information and operations are available through networked Windows PCs. These are typically located in control room, laboratory and metallurgists office. The remote PCs are used to: display the analyzer status and analysis results manage analysis data manage calibration data run Outocal calibration software analyze diagnostic data from the analyzer remote diagnostics

3.11. Cooling and temperature control

Temperature of the Courier 6i SL probe is controlled by an air-cooled industrial air conditioning system installed in the enclosure below the probe. No external cooling water supply is required.


Courier 6i SL Datasheet 3.15. Connection to plant automation system For the automation connection the analyzer provides two redundant 10/100 MHz Ethernet ports with MODBUS/TCP protocol or an isolated RS 485 point-to-point serial communication line with MODBUS RTU protocol. Serial line maximum cable length is 500 m. MODBUS/TCP and MODBUS RTU are vendorneutral 'de-facto' standard communication protocols known by the most common DCS manufacturers. The analyzer is a MODBUS slave device. 3.16. Safety The analyzer meets the Machine Directive (MD), Low Voltage Directive (LVD) and Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMC) requirements, and fulfils mechanical and electrical safety regulations set by the European Union authorities. The analyzer meets the radiation safety regulations of the European Union. No radiation can be detected outside of the probe covers. The radiation safety is guaranteed by using redundant fail-safe sensors with hard-wired interlock circuits that shut down the X-ray power when necessary.


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conditioner, to maintain stable temperature and control relative humidity.

5. Analyzer dimensions and weights

Analyzer probe and cooling unit (CCA) with calibration sampler (CSA): 1300 (d) x 800 (w) x 1750 (h) mm 52 (d) x 32 (w) x 69 (h) typical shipping weight; Probe 200 kg, 450/lbs; CCA and CSA 250 kg, 1240lbs Probe Control Set: 330 (d) x 920 (w) x 1750 (h) mm 13 (d) x 37 (w) x 69 (h) shipping weight 110 kg, 240 lbs Multiplexer assembly for six streams (MXA 4645): 1030 (d) x 1295 (w) x 1860 (h) mm 41 (d) x 51 (w) x 74 (h) shipping weight 300 kg, 650 lbs Demultiplexer assembly for four streams (DMA 4642): 297 (d) x 865 (w) x 240 (h) mm 12 (d) x 34 (w) x 10 (h) shipping weight 50 kg, 110 lbs Courier Local User Interface CLI 6700 220 (d) x 550 (w) x 910 (h) without optional stand 9 x 22x 36 without stand shipping weight 50 kg, 110 lbs

4. Options
4.1. Automatic Window Changer (AWC) The AWC automatically changes the measurement cell window without shutting down the analyzer. One roll of window material is enough for 700 window changes. The window film roll needs to be replaced typically at six month intervals. 4.2. Low head installation In the low head installation, the probe and multiplexers (MXAs) are installed on the same level. One small sample pump feeds the slurry from the multiplexers to the measurement cell. 4.3. Vacuum filter The vacuum filter removes water from slurry composite samples. The unit is comprised of filter units designed for up to 6 samples, and an optional vacuum pump unit. 4.4. Analyzer shelter The analyzer probe, the Probe Control Set and local user interface are located inside the shelter. The multiplexer(s) are installed above the shelter.. The shelter can be delivered with an air


Courier 6i SL Datasheet

Process flow by gravity

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6. Installation requirements
6.1. Power supply for the analyzer Single phase AC, 230V +10%, -15% at 10A 50/60 Hz or 115V 10% at 25A 50/60 Hz. A double conversion (AC/DC/AC) UPS 3 kW/10 min is highly recommended to secure trouble-free and stable operation. 6.2. Temperature Operating ambient temperature at sea level: +5+45 C (+41+113 F) Storage temperature: -25+60 C (13+140 F) 6.3. Flushing water Flushing water is used for flushing the multiplexers and the calibration sampler. Quality: Sand filtered raw water Pressure: 26 bar (3085 psi) Consumption 100 l/min (26 GPM) momentary, 30 l/min (8 GPM) average Device fitting: Hose connector OD 25 mm / G1 female 6.4. Instrument air Instrument air is used for the Automatic Window changer, multiplexers, calibration sampler, and demultiplexer actuators. Quality: 3-4.44 according to ISO/DIS 8573.1 (dust particle size < 25um, pressurized dew point +3 C / 7 bar (37F / 101.5 psi), oil content including fumes < 5mg/m, air lubrication not recommended Pressure: 510 bar (75145 psi) Device fitting: Hose connector OD 12 mm / G female Consumption: 200 Nl/min (60 GPM) momentary, 16 Nl/min (4.2 GPM) average
PSA sampler Process flow by pressure

MSA samp ler

LSA sampler Process flow by gravity

Multip lexer Composi te sampling and filtering

Probe Cont rol Set


Analyzer Probe 3050 1750

Courier 6

Courier 6

PSA sampler Process flow by pressure De-multip lexer


Figure 2. A two-floor installation layout. In a two-floor installation, the multiplexers are above the rest of the analyzer system.
Process flow by gravity LSA sampler


Multiplexer Composi te sampling

Analyzer Probe Probe Control Set

De-multip lexer


7. Installation layout
The Courier 6i SL analyzer can be installed in one or two floors, or in a shelter provided by Outotec. The figures below illustrate both one and two floor layouts.

Figure 3. A one-floor (Low Head) installation layout. In a one-floor installation, all components of the Courier 6i SL analyzer are on the same level.






Courier 6i SL Datasheet


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8. Customer Support
The Courier Customer Support Agreement ensures that your analyzer is being checked by Outotec experts twice a year or as agreed in the contract. The agreement also includes Outotec Remote Diagnostic System (ORDS), which is provided by using a modem or Internet connection. Regular training can also be included in the contract scope.

Outotec quality assurance

Figure 4. Courier Analyzer and Proscon Automation system installed in a shelter. In a shelter installation, the analyzer probe, the PCS and local user interface are located inside the shelter, and the multiplexers on the roof of the shelter. A PC running remote user interface is located in the control room. The shelter can be delivered with an air conditioner, which enables maintaining appropriate temperature in the analyzer probe area. The shelter also shields the analyzer from direct sunshine and dust, and prevents corrosion. Courier 6i SL analyzer is CE marked according to the European Union Directives.

The quality system of Outotec Oyj is ISO 9001 certified. The company has a quality management policy to ensure that the expectations of customers are met.

Outotec Minerals is a leading supplier of minerals processing technologies including grinding, flotation, thickening, physical separation, and automation equipment. The company manufactures a wide range of samplers for on-line analysis, composite, and metallurgical sampling of mineral slurries, solutions and dry powders. You can find more information at

Courier is a trademark of Outotec Oyj. 2008 Outotec Oyj. All rights reserved. Information is subject to change without notice.

Figure 5. Courier 6i SL local user interface with optional floor stand.