Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 100

UMTS Radio Parameter

Contents

1 Cell and common signal channel establishment parameters

1

2 Cell

selection a nd

parameter re - selection

 

9

3 Random access parameter

21

4 UE call establishment parameter

31

5 Paging parameter

39

6 Power control parameter

 

45

6.1 Basic principle of internal loop power control

45

6.2 Basic

principle

of

external loop power control

58

7 Control parameter switch

 

67

7.1 Basic

principle

of

intra-frequency

switch

67

7.2 Basic

principle

of

inter-frequency

switch

80

7.3 Basic

principle

of

intersystem switch

90

i

1 Cell and common signal channel establishment parameters

Normal cell operation is premise for a UMTS system to guarantee normal network operation while premise of normal cell operat ion is successful cell and common signal channel establishment as well as broadcasting communication parameters to network side of UE through system messages.

Above signaling process is shown in following figure :

RNC Node B UE Cell establishment process Establishment process of commo n transmission signal channel(PRACH
RNC
Node B
UE
Cell establishment process
Establishment process of commo
n
transmission signal channel(PRACH
AND SCCPCH(
Broadcasting proces
s of system messages
AND SCCPCH( Broadcasting proces s of system messages Key factors to indicate a cell include configuration
AND SCCPCH( Broadcasting proces s of system messages Key factors to indicate a cell include configuration
AND SCCPCH( Broadcasting proces s of system messages Key factors to indicate a cell include configuration

Key factors to indicate a cell include configuration of frequency point, primary scrambling code, total power and common physical signal channel.

In which: Common physical signal channels which shall be configured are as follows:

Pilot channel (PCPICH): Used as reference basis of other signal channels and signal measurement.

Primary synchronous channel (PSCH): Used for time slot synchronization when searching for the cell.

Auxiliary synchronous channel (SSCH): To define frame synchronization and main scrambling code when searching for the cell.

1

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

Broadcasting channel (PCCPCH) : Us ed to broadcast system messages.

Auxiliary common control physical channel (SCCPCH)Used to bear FACH or PCH transmission channel messages.

Random access channel (PRACH): Used for subscriber s random access; Relevant parameters are introduced in random access process Chapter.

Access indicator channel (AICH) : Downlink indicator channel which is used with PRACH channel together; AICH channel parameters are introduced in random access process Chapter.

Paging indicator channel (PICH) : Used for paging indication; Paging channel parameters are introduced in paging Chapter.

Central Frequency of the Carrier Frequency of the Uplink Channel ( UUARFCN)

3GPP Name

UARFCN (Nupper)

 

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331

Field Name

Uuarfcn

Description

This parameter indicates the upper limit of the Band of a UTRAN FDD controlled by the local PLMN. When a UE returns to the idle state from the RRC connection state, the UE selects and resides in a cell. UTRAN carries this parameter in the RRC CONNECTION RELEASE message. This parameter indicates the possible transmit Band of the surrounding cell. This helps the UE to speed up cell search.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

 

GUI Element Name

Upper limit of FDD UMTS frequency point

 
 

Band 1: 10562 10838

 

Band 2: 9662

9938,

412,

437,

462,

487,

512,

537,

562,

587, 612, 637, 662, 687

 

Value Range

Band 3: 1162

1513

Band 5: 4357… 4458, 1007, 1012, 1032, 1037, 1062, 1087

Band 6: 4387 …4413, 1037, 1062 Band 8: 2937 3088

 

Default Value

[10838,9938]

Scope

RNC

Function

-

Recommended

 

Configuration

-

2

Chapter 1 Cell and common signal channel establishment parameters

Chapter 1

Cell and common signal channel establishment parameters

Central

(DUARFCN)

Frequency

of

the

Carrier

Frequency

of

the

Downlink

Channel

3GPP Name

 

UARFCN (Nlow)

 

3GPP Reference

 

TS 25.331

Field Name

 

Luarfcn [8]

Description

 

The parameter is to instruct lower limit of a certain UTRAN FDD frequency scope under PLMN control. UE will select a cell when returning from RRC connection status to idle state. Utran has this parameter in RRC CONNECTION RELEASE message to instruct possible transmitting frequency scope around the cell so that UE can search for the cell quickly.

Description

of

data

 

item

of

radio

parameter message

GUI Element Name

Lower limit of FDD UMTS frequency point

 

Band 1: 10562 10838

 

Band 2: 9662

9938,412,

437, 462, 487, 512, 537, 562, 587,

612, 637, 662, 687

Value Range

 

Band 3: 1162

1513

Band 5: 4357… 4458,1007, 1012, 1032, 1037, 1062, 1087 Band 6: 4387 …4413,1037, 1062 Band 8: 2937 3088

Default Value

 

[10562, 9662]

Scope

RNC

Function

-

Recommended

   

Configuration

-

Cell Maximum Transmission Power

3GPP Name

Maximum Transmission Power

3GPP Reference

TS 25.433

Field Name

MAXDlTxPwr

Description

This parameter indicates the maximum transmission power allowed by all downlink physical channels of a cell.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI

Element

 

Name

Cell Maximum Transmission Power

3

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

3GPP Name

Maximum Transmission Power

 
 

OMCR: (0.0

50.0)dBmstep

0.1dBm

Value Range

RNC: D=P*10,0 500

Default Value

43dBm

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

-

Recommended

The parameter value depends on the scenario defined by the cell coverage attribute. The maximum transmission power is related to the cell coverage range and should be adjusted according to the coverage attribute of the cell. The principle of adjustment is:

Typically, the pilot frequency covers 10%, and the Ec/Io at the edges of the pilot frequency should be maintained at about

Configuration

-12dB.

Cell Primary Scrambling Code

3GPP Name

Primary Scrambling Code

 

TS 25.331

3GPP Reference

TS 25.423

TS25.433

Field Name

PrimScraCode

Description

Cell primary scrambling codes distinguish between cells. The UTRAN system has a total of 512 available primary scrambling codes.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Cell Primary Scrambling Code

Value Range

0 511-

Default Value

-

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

-

Recommended

Since there are a total of 512 available primary scrambling codes, these codes follow spatial multiplexing. Basically, the principle is to ensure that the primary scrambling codes are different between neighboring cells, and the space between the cells with the same primary scrambling code should be as large as possible. Typically, you should plan the primary scrambling codes during network planning.

Configuration

P-CPICH Power

4

Chapter 1 Cell and common signal channel establishment parameters

Chapter 1

Cell and common signal channel establishment parameters

3GPP Name

Primary CPICH Tx Power; Primary CPICH power; Primary CPICH Power

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification” TS 25.433: “UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signaling” TS 25.423: "UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signalling"

Field Name

PcpichPwr

 

Description

This parameter indicates the transmit power of the PCPICH. It is an absolute value. The cell uses this power to transmit the PCPICH.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

P-CPICH Power

 

Value Range

(-10.0

50.0)

dBm step 0.1dBm

Default Value

33dBm

Scope

UTRAN Cell

 

Function

Power Control

 

Recommended

The parameter value is related to the scenario defined by the cell coverage attribute and should be adjusted according to the coverage attribute of the cell. Typically, the rational value of Ec/Io of the PCPICH at the edges of the cell is about -12dB. If the power is high, it is a waste of power. If the power is low, QoS cannot be guaranteed in case that a subscriber is at the edge of the cell.

Configuration

Primary SCH Power

3GPP Name

Primary SCH Power

3GPP Reference

TS 25.433: “UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling”

Field Name

PschPwr

 

Description

This parameter indicates the transmit power of the PSCH. It is a relative value (dB) of the transmit power of the PCPICH of the local cell.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

PSCH Power

 

Value Range

(-35

+15)

dB step 0.1dB

Default Value

-3dB

Scope

UTRAN Cell

 

Function

Power Control

 

Recommended

The transmit power of the PSCH should ensure that the subscribers at the edges of the cell correctly detect the PSCH.

Configuration

5

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

3GPP Name

Primary SCH Power

 

In network optimization, you can adjust the power according to the actual cell search success status of the subscribers. Usually, because the transmit power of the PSCH is associated with the PCPICH, the default configuration can ensure successful synchronization only if the power of the PCPICH is appropriate.

Secondary SCH Power

3GPP Name

Secondary SCH Power

3GPP Reference

TS 25.433: “UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling”

Field Name

SschPwr

 

Description

This parameter indicates the transmit power of the SSCH. It is a relative value (dB) of the transmit power of PCPICH of the local cell.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

SSCH power

 

Value Range

(-35

+15)

dB step 0.1dB

Default Value

-4dB

Scope

UTRAN Cell

 

Function

Power Control

 

Recommended

The recommended configuration is the same as the transmit power of the PSCH.

Configuration

S-CCPCH Time Slot Format

3GPP Name

Secondary CCPCH Slot Format

3GPP Reference

TS 25.433: “UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling”

Field Name

 

SlotFmt

Description

This parameter indicates the format of timeslot used by the SCCPCH. The SCCPCH uses a total of 18 formats of timeslots.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

SCCPCH Slot Format

Value Range

0

17

Default Value

SCCPCH to bear PCH: 4 SCCPCH to bear R99 FACH: 8 SCCPCH to bear MCCH: 6

Scope

UTRAN Cell

6

Chapter 1 Cell and common signal channel establishment parameters

Chapter 1

Cell and common signal channel establishment parameters

3GPP Name

Secondary CCPCH Slot Format

Function

-

Recommended

The timeslot format of the SCCPCH determines the bearer rate over SCCPCH.

Configuration

S-CCPCH TFCI Field Power Offset

3GPP Name

PO1

 

3GPP Reference

TS 25.433: “UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling”

Field Name

PO1

 

Description

This parameter indicates the offset (relative value) of the transmit powers of the SCCPCH in the TFCI field and the data field. The offset varies according to the data bit rate.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

S-CCPCH TFCI Field Power Offset

Value Range

(0

6)

dB step 0.25 dB

Default Value

3dB

 

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

Power Control

Recommended

This parameter is associated with the SF of the SCCPCH that bears the FACH. Typically, when the SF changes, the gain over the channel changes as well. Therefore, to maintain the bit detection performance of the TFCI field of the SCCPCH, the parameter should also be adjusted. The principle is: The smaller the SF of the SCCPCH, the smaller the parameter value.

Configuration

S-CCPCH Pilot Field Power Offset

3GPP Name

PO3

3GPP Reference

TS 25.433: “UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling”

Field Name

PO3

Description

This parameter indicates the offset (relative value) of the transmit powers of the SCCPCH in the PILOT field and the data field. The offset varies according to the data bit rate.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI

Element

 

Name

S-CCPCH Pilot Field Power Offset

Value Range

(0.6) dB step 0.25 dB

Default Value

3dB

7

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

3GPP Name

PO3

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

Power Control

Recommended

The recommended configuration is the same as SCCPCH TFCI Field Power Offset.

Configuration

Maximum FACH Power

3GPP Name

Max FACH Power

3GPP Reference

TS 25.433: “UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling”

Field Name

MaxFachPwr

 

Description

This parameter indicates the maximum transmit power (relative value based on the transmit power of the PCPICH) of the FACH mapped to the SCCPCH.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Maximum FACH transmitting power

Value Range

(-35

15)dB

step 0.1 dB

Default Value

-1dB

Scope

UTRAN Cell

 

Function

Power Control

 

Recommended

This parameter is associated with the data rate over the FACH. The larger the data rate over the FACH, the larger the required power.

Configuration

8

2 Cell selection and parameter re-selection

Execute PLMN selection and cell selection pro cess in sequence after UE bootstrap. The cell shall be selected for staying and registration to network side after selecting a suitable cell. UE will select the cell again after staying to a certain serving cell with UE motion and variation of signal channel quality.

PLMN selection

PLMN selection
PLMN selection
PLMN selection
Cell selection

Cell selection

Cell selection
 

Cell re-selection

PLMN selection process:

PLMN selection standard is that CPICH RSCP is more than or equal to -95dBm. UE will read PLMN of cell which has searched for the strongest signal. PLMN also can be regarded as selection acc ess PLMN if failing to meet above standards but PLMN mark can be decoded.

Cell selection process:

Cell with the strongest signal shall be regarded as the initial access cell.

S rule definitions of cell selection standards are as follows:

for FDD cells:

Srxlev > 0 AND Squal > 0

for TDD cells:

Srxlev > 0

In which:

Squal = Q qualmeas Qqualmin Srxlev = Q rxlevmeas - Qrxlevmin - Pcompensation

Squal

Cell selection quality value (dB) It is only suitable to FDD cell.

Srxlev

RX level value (dB) for cell selection

 

Measured cell quality value: CPICH E c /N 0 refers to quality of

Q qualmeas

signals received by FDD cell and it is only suitable to FDD cell.

9

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter
 

RX level value of measured cell: Received signal of FDD cell

Q

rxlevmeas

is CPICH RSCP (dB) and that of TDD cell is P-CCPCH RSCP (dBm) and that of GSM cell is RXLEVdBm.

 

It refers to the minimum quality value required for cell ant it is

Qqualmin

only suitable to FDD cell.

Qrxlevmin

The minimum RX level (dBm) required for cell;

P

compensation

Max (UE_TXPWR_MAX_RACH P_MAX, 0)

UE_TXPWR_MAX_

The maximum available TX power level of UE (which is read

RACH

from system messages) during RACH cell access;

P_MAX

The maximum RF output power of UE(dBm)

Cell re-selection process

UE will select cell again after staying to the cell. Cell re-selection includes measurement execution and determination of UE.

Measurement

Measurement

Measurement
Measurement

Selecting cells which meet S

rules to constitute A

colle

ction

Array cells in A collection according to R rules and cell with the maximum R

Array cells in A collection

according to R rules and cell

with the maximum R shall be

regarded as target cell for re-

selection.

R shall be regarded as target cell for re- selection. Cell re-selection determination Following introduction is
R shall be regarded as target cell for re- selection. Cell re-selection determination Following introduction is

Cell re-selection

determination

Following introduction is not suitable to HCS cell.

Measurement rules:

UE will regard SqualFDD cellas Sx in following rules :

UE does not need to execute inter-frequency measurement if Sx exceeds Sintrasearch.

UE

Sintrasearch.

will

execute

inter-frequency

measurement

if

Sx

is

less

than

or

equal

to

UE will carry on intra- frequency measurement if Sintrasearch has not been configured.

UE does not need to execute inter -frequency measurement if Sx exceeds Sintrasearch.

UE

Sintrasearch.

will

execute

inter -frequency

10

measurement

if

Sx

is

less

than

or

equal

to

Chapter 2 Cell selection and parameter re-selection

Chapter 2

Cell selection and parameter re-selection

UE will carry on inter- frequency measurement if Sintrasearch has not been configured.

UE does not need to measure cells with different radio measurement techniques if Sx exceeds SsearchRAT m.

UE will measure other RAT m cells if Sx is less than or equal to SsearchRATm.

UE will measure other RAT m cells if SsearchRAT m has not been configured.

Cell re-selection determination rules are as follows:

Following cell re-selection standards are used for intra-frequency, inter-frequency and inter-RAT cells:

R rules for cell array standards are as follows:

R s = Q meas , s + Qhyst s

R n = Q meas , n - Qoffset s,n - TO n * (1 – L n )

In which:

Qoffset s , n - TO n * (1 – L n ) In which: In

In which: Tn is a timer and it shall be started up if signal quality of adjacent cell is better than sum of signal quality of serving cell and relative offsetQoffset1 s,n or Qoffset2 s,n of serving cell and adjacent cell. That is, adjacent cell shall be deducted

by offset if signals of adjacent cell fluctuate so that it is difficult to be regarded as target cell for re-selection.

All cells which meet S standard shall be founded out firstly then arrayed according to above R rules and cell with the largest R shall be regarded as target cell for re-selection during cell re-selection determination.

UE will execute cell re-selection process if re-selection interval meets cell re-selection standard and UE has stayed in current serving cell for more than 1 second.

Minimum demand level of cell quality (Qqualmin)

11

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

3GPP Name

Qqualmin

 

3GPP Reference

TS 25.304: “UE Procedures in Idle Mode” TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

Field Name

QQualMin

 

Description

This parameter indicates the minimum cell quality level that satisfies cell selection and reselection conditions. When the measured value is CPICH Ec/No, the quality value of the measured cell must be greater than Qqualmin before it can meet the condition for cell selection.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Minimum demand level of cell quality

Value Range

(-24

0)

dB step 1dB

Default Value

-18 dB

 

Scope

UTRAN Cell

 

Function

Cell Selection/Reselection

Recommended

This parameter is the foundation for determining the S rule of the cell. Typically, you should use the default value. However, in the scenario of a highway, because the distance between stations is large, the number of cells is small with a large distance, and the UE moves fast, the original cell will therefore features a power signal quality. In this case, the UE fails to reselect the new cell. Therefore, you can lower Qqualmin and Qrxlevmin to make the UE complete the cell reselection as early as possible. The principle also applies to the corners of crowded cells.

Configuration

Minimum Cell Receiving Electrical Level Threshold (Qrxlevmin)

3GPP Name

Qrxlevmin

 

3GPP Reference

TS 25.304: “UE Procedures in Idle Mode” TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

Field Name

QRxLevMin

 

Description

This parameter indicates the minimum cell receiving level that satisfies the cell selection and reselection conditions. When the measured value is CPICH RSCP, the receiving level of the measured cell must be greater than Qrxlevmin before it can meet the condition for cell selection.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Minimum cell receiving electrical level threshold

Value Range

(-115

-25)

dBm step 2dBm

12

Chapter 2 Cell selection and parameter re-selection

Chapter 2

Cell selection and parameter re-selection

3GPP Name

Qrxlevmin

Default Value

-115 dBm

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

Cell Selection/Reselection

Recommended

 

Configuration

The recommended configuration is the same as Qqualmin.

Measurement Quantity for Cell Selection and Reselection

3GPP Name

Cell selection and reselection quality measure

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification” TS 25.304: “UE Procedures in Idle Mode”

Field Name

QualMeas

Description

This parameter indicates the measure for cell selection and reselection.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Cell re-selection measurement quantity

Value Range

1: CPICH Ec/No 2: CPICH RSCP

Default Value

CPICH Ec/No

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

Cell Selection/Reselection

Recommended

This parameter indicates the measure as determination standard for cell selection and reselection. This parameter is determined in view of the co-channel interference. When you configure a co-channel neighboring cell for the cell, the co- channel interference is larger. To better reflect the signal quality, you should use CPICH Ec/No as the determination standard of the measure. However, when you configure an inter-frequency or inter-system neighboring cell, there is no co-channel interference. In this case, it is more appropriate to use CPICH RSCP as the determination standard for the measure. In a typical networking, there are a lot of co-channel neighboring cells; therefore, you should select CPICH Ec/No as the default value.

Configuration

Synchronization frequency Measurement Trigger Threshold for Cell Re-selection (Sintrasearch)

13

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

3GPP Name

S intrasearch

 

3GPP Reference

TS 25.304: “UE Procedures in Idle Mode” TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

Field Name

SIntraSearch

 

Description

This parameter indicates the intra-frequency measurement trigger for cell reselection. The UE uses this parameter to determine whether to execute intra-frequency measurement. In case HCS is not used, if the quality of the serving cell is greater than Sintrasearch, intra-frequency measurement is not executed. If the quality of the serving cell is smaller than or equal to Sintrasearch or Sintrasearch is not configured, the UE executes intra-frequency measurement. For details, see TS 25.304.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Synchronization frequency measurement trigger threshold for cell re-selection

Value Range

(0

20

) dB Step 2dB

Default Value

14dB

 

Scope

 

UTRAN Cell

Function

Cell Selection/Reselection

Recommended

The parameter is determined depending on the situat ion whether the specific scenario expects the reselection of the intra-frequency cell as soon as possible. A smaller parameter value is more likely to trigger the measurement of the intra-frequency cell. A larger parameter value is not easy to trigger the measurement. The recommended configuration is based on the universal scenarios. Therefore, you should follow the recommended configuration.

Configuration

Inter-frequency

Measurement

Trigger

Threshold

for

Cell

Re-selection

(Sintersearch)

3GPP Name

S intersearch

3GPP Reference

TS 25.304: “UE Procedures in Idle Mode” TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

Field Name

SInterSearch

Description

This parameter indicates the inter-frequency measurement trigger for cell reselection. The UE uses this parameter to determine whether to execute inter-frequency measurement. In case HCS is not used, if the quality of the serving cell is greater than SInterSearch, inter-frequency measurement is not executed. If the quality of the serving cell is smaller than or equal to Sintrasearch or SInterSearch is not configured, the UE executes inter-frequency measurement. For details, see TS 25.304.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

14

Chapter 2 Cell selection and parameter re-selection

Chapter 2

Cell selection and parameter re-selection

3GPP Name

S intersearch

 

GUI

Element

Inter-frequency

measurement

trigger

threshold

for

cell

Name

re-selection

 

Value Ran ge

(0

20

) dB Step 2dB

 

Default Value

10dB

 

Scope

UTRAN Cell

 

Function

Cell Selection/Reselection

 

Recommended

The parameter is determined depending on the situation whether the specific scenario expects the reselection of the inter-frequency cell as soon as possible. A smaller parameter value is more likely to trigger the measurement of the intra-frequency cell. A larger parameter value is not easy to trigger the measurement.

Configuration

Inter-system

Measurement Trigger Threshold for Cell Re-selection (Ssearch,

RAT)

3GPP Name

S search,RAT

 

3GPP Reference

TS 25.304: “UE Procedures in Idle Mode” TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

Field Name

SSearchRat

 

Description

This parameter indicates the triggers Ssearch, RAT for inter-system measurement for cell reselection. The UE uses these triggers to determine whether to execute inter-system measurement. In case HCS is not used, if the quality of the serving cell is greater than Ssearch, RAT, inter-system measurement is not executed. If the quality of the serving cell is smaller than or equal to Ssearch, RAT or Ssearch, RAT is not configured, the UE executes inter-system measurement. For details, see TS 25.304.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI

Element

 

Name

Inter-system measurement trigger threshold for cell re-selection

Value Range

(0

20

) dB Step 2dB

Default Value

6dB

 

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

Cell Selection/Reselection

Recommended

The parameter is determined depending on the situation whether the specific scenario expects the reselection of the inter-system cell as soon as possible. A smaller parameter value is more likely to trigger the measurement of the intra-frequency cell. A larger

Configuration

15

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

3GPP Name

S search,RAT

 

parameter value is not easy to trigger the measurement.

Re-selection Lag 1 of Serving Cell (Qhyst1s)

3GPP Name

Qhyst1 s

 

3GPP

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification” TS 25.304: “UE Procedures in Idle Mode”

Reference

Field Name

QHyst1S

 
 

This parameter indicates the hysteresis parameter for determining

Description

FDD cell reselection in case that the measure is CPICH RSCP. In the R rule of cell reselection, the R value of the cell is equal to the measured value plus the hysteresis parameter. For details, see TS

25.304.

 

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI

Element

 

Name

Re-selection lag 1 of serving cell

Value Range

(0

40)

dB step2 dB

Default Value

10dB

 

Scope

UTRAN Cell

 

Function

Cell Selection/Reselection

Recommended

The parameter is determined depending on the situation whether the specific scenario expects the reselection of the inter-frequency cell as soon as possible. A larger parameter value indicates that the UE is more expected to reside in the current serving cell. A smaller parameter value is more likely to trigger the measurement of the intra-frequency cell. However, a larger value may result in poor signal quality of the local cell whereas good quality of the neighboring cell. In this case, cell reselection still will not be triggered.

Configuration

Re-selection Lag 2 of Serving Cell (Qhyst2s)

3GPP Name

Qhyst2 s

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification” TS 25.304: “UE Procedures in Idle Mode”

Field Name

QHyst2S

Description

This parameter indicates the hysteresis parameter for determining FDD cell reselection in case that the measure is CPICH Ec/No. In the R rule of cell reselection, the R value of the serving cell is equal to the measured value plus the delay parameter. For details,

16

Chapter 2 Cell selection and parameter re-selection

Chapter 2

Cell selection and parameter re-selection

3GPP Name

Qhyst2 s

 
 

see TS 25.304.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

 

GUI Element Name

Re-selection lag 2 of serving cell

Value Range

(0

40)

dB step 2 dB

Default Value

2 dB

 

Scope

UTRAN Cell

 

Function

Cell Selection/Reselection

Recommended Configuration

The recommended configuration is the same as QHyst1S.

Timer Duration for Cell Re -selection ( Treselections )

3GPP Name

Treselection s

 

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification” TS 25.304: “UE Procedures in Idle Mode”

Field Name

T reselection

 

Description

This parameter indicates the timer for cell reselection. For a serving cell, a new cell must prolong the Treselections duration according to the R sorting rule before it can be selected as the new serving cell.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Timer duration for cell re-selection

Value Range

(0

31)

s step 1s

Default Value

1s

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

Cell Selection/Reselection

Recommended

The purpose of Treselection is to avoid mutual reselection between two cells. In a scenario where a cell features dense signal with fast changes, you need to increase the difficulty for reselection, for example, increase the timer, to avoid frequent reselection. This helps to cut down Treselections.

Configuration

Quality Offset 1 (Qoffset1s,n in SIB11) of Corresponding Serving Cell and Adjacent Cell in SIB11

3GPP Name

Qoffset1 s,n

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification” TS 25.304: “UE Procedures in Idle Mode”

Field Name

Qoffset1SNSib11

17

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

3GPP Name

Qoffset1 s,n

 
 

This parameter indicates the offset between the serving cell and the neighboring cell in the event that the measure is CPICH RSCP. It is

Description

required to sort cells in cell reselection. This parameter is broadcasted

to

the UE in SIB11.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI

Element

Quality offset 1 of corresponding serving cell and adjacent cell in

Name

SIB11

 
 

OMCR: (-50

50)

dB

Value Range

RNC: D=P+50, 0 100

Default Value

0dB

 

Scope

UTRAN Neighboring Cell, GSM Neighboring Cell

Function

Cell Selection/Reselection

 

This parameter indicates the offset between the serving cell and the neighboring cell in the event that the measure is CPICH RSCP. Cell

reselection follows the R rule, and the R value of the neighboring cell

is

equal to the measured value subtracting the neighboring quality

offset. The parameter is determined depending on the situation whether the specific scenario expects the reselection of the inter-frequency cell as soon as possible. A larger parameter value indicates that the neighboring cell is more impossible to be reselected

as the destination cell, and therefore cell reselection seldom happens.

A smaller parameter value is more likely to trigger cell reselection.

Recommended

However, a larger value may result in poor quality of the local cell and good quality of the neighboring cell. In this case, cell reselection

Configuration

still will not happen. In co-networking of UMTS and GSM, continuous coverage is expected inside the UMTS network. Only when the UMTS network covers edges, cell reselection from UMTS to GSM is required. Therefore, in the suburbs with dense signals, you can increase Qrxlevmin in SIB11 and Qoffset1-s, n in SIB11 (neighboring cell) to improve the difficulty for cell reselection. As to the edges of the UMTS network, especially a highway, the UE moves fast. In this case, the signal of the UMTS cell quickly decreases. In case that the UE goes into the GSM network coverage area but cell reselection still does not happen. Therefore, you can increase Ssearch, RAT and reduce Qrxlevmin in SIB11 and Qoffset1-s, n in SIB11 (neighboring cell) to help the UE complete cell reselection as early as possible.

Quality Offset 2(Qoffset2s, n in SIB11) of Corresponding Serving Cell and Adjacent Cell in SIB11

18

Chapter 2 Cell selection and parameter re-selection

Chapter 2

Cell selection and parameter re-selection

3GPP Name

Qoffset2 s,n

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification” TS 25.304: “UE Procedures in Idle Mode”

 

Field Name

Qoffset2SN Sib11

 

Description

This parameter indicates the offset between the serving cell and the neighboring cell in the event that the measure is CPICH Ec/No. It is required to sort cells in cell reselection. This parameter is broadcasted to the UE in SIB11.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

 

GUI Element Name

Quality offset 2 of corresponding serving cell and adjacent cell in SIB11

 

OMCR: (-50

50)

dB

Value Range

RNC: D=P+50,0 100

 

Default Value

0dB

Scope

UTRAN Neighboring Cell

 

Function

Cell Selection/Reselection

 

Recommended

The

recommended

configuration

is

the

same

as

Configuration

Qoffset1SNSib11.

 
 

19

 

3 Random access parameter

Registration process shall be initiated after UE selecting a cell for staying. A random access process shall be initiated firstly according to system broadcasting messages.

In addition, random access process shall be executed for uplinkinteraction between UE and network side firstly once UE is under idle, CELL_PCH/URA_PCH or CELL_FACH status.

Frame structure of random access channel:

Preamble

Preamble

Preamble

 
 

4096

chips

Preamble

Preamble

Preamble

  4096 chips Preamble Preamble Preamble 4096 chips Message part 10 ms (one radio frame) Message

4096 chips

Message part

Preamble Preamble Preamble 4096 chips Message part 10 ms (one radio frame) Message part 20 ms

10 ms (one radio frame)

Message part

4096 chips Message part 10 ms (one radio frame) Message part 20 ms (two radio frames)
4096 chips Message part 10 ms (one radio frame) Message part 20 ms (two radio frames)

20 ms (two radio frames)

Prefix of frame structure consists of signature code and scrambling.

AICH access

slots RX at UE

PRACH access

slots TX at UE

Timing relationship between PRACH and AICH

One access slot Acq. Ind.  p-a Pre- Pre- amble amble Message part  p-p
One access slot
Acq.
Ind.
 p-a
Pre-
Pre-
amble
amble
Message part
 p-p
 p-m

21

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

In which:

- When AICH_Transmission_Timing is 0:

p-p,min = 15360 chips (3 access slots)

p-a = 7680 chips

p-m = 15360 chips (3 access slots)

- When AICH_Transmission_Timing is 1:

p-p,min = 20480 chips (4 access slots)

p-a = 12800 chips

p-m = 20480 chips (4 access slots)

Random access includes MAC layer and physical layer.

Physical channels used for random access are represented by scrambling and signature.

Access process of physical layer

Effective uplinkaccess time slot gained from access time slot collectionAn effective access time slot shall be selected randomly among corresponding access time slot collection for effective RACH sub-channel Number which is required for corresponding ASC.

A signature shall be selected randomly among available signatures which correspond to

selected ASC.

Setting prefix retransmission counter is Preamble Retrans Max.

Setting initial transmitting power of prefix

Setting prefix transmitting power is equal to the maximum transmitting power if calculated prefix transmitting power exceeds the maximum permissible uplinktransmitting power. Setting prefix transmitting power is equal to the minimum transmitting power if calculated prefix transmitting power is less than the maximum permissible uplinktransmitting power. Then selected signature, uplinkaccess time slot and prefix transmitting power shall be connected to prefix.

If UE has not received yes/no reply of selected signature AI +1 nor 1of AICH

during Downlinkaccess time slot which is defined after uplinkaccess time slot:

An effective access time slot shall be selected randomly among effective RACH

22

Chapter 3 Random access parameter

Chapter 3

Random access parameter

sub-channel Number which corresponds to selected ASC.

An available signature shall be selected randomly among available signatures which correspond to selected ASC.

Prefix transmitting power shall be increased by step length of P 0 = Power Ramp Step [dB]

Prefix retransmission counter shall be deducted by 1.

Turn to Step 5 for re-execution if prefix retransmission counter exceeds 0 or physical layer (L1) of UE will report status (of “No ack on AICH”) to MAC and exit physical random access process.

UE physical layer will report (of “No ack on AICH received) to MAC and exit physical random access process if UE has received negative reply for selected signature of AICH during definition period after uplinkaccess time slot.

UE will send random access messages during the 3 rd or 4 th uplinkaccess time slot after sending the prefix time slot finally after receiving positive reply for selected signature of AICH during definition period after uplinkaccess time slot. The 3 rd or 4 th uplinkaccess time slot depends on MAC parameter of AICH transmission timing.

Physical layer L1 of UE will report status ( of "RACH message transmitted") to MAC and exit physical random access process.

Access process of MAC layer

MAC layer will generate random quantit y and send probability (Pi) for comparison if data shall be sent. Sending is not allowed unless it exceeds Pi. MAC layer will wait form next TTI for re-sending if sending is not allowed previously.

Random access process request of physical layer will be initiated to L1 if sending is allowed.

Physical layer will feedback to MAC layer for notice of successful access to RRC layer if prefix sent by physical layer has been confirmed by AICH signal channel.

L1 layer will notify MAC layer of access failure if prefix sending times of physical layer is equal to the maximum prefix retransmission times but reply of AICH channel has not been received. MAC layer will send reply again for next TTI.

MAC layer will start up revolution timer (TBO1) after physical layer receives negative

23

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

reply of AICH and notice to MAC layer. It can be sent again after timing. TBO1 can be set to NBO1 times of interval of 10ms0 NBO1min NBO1 NBO1max

NBO1min can be equal to NBO1max when expecting a fixed delay.

MAC layer will notify RRC RACH of sending failure if re-trial times exceed the maximum preamble cycle times of RACH.

Available Signature

3GPP Name

Available Signature ; Preamble Signatures

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification” TS 25.433: “UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling”

Field Name

Signature

Description

This parameter indicates all available signatures for PRACH access. The 16 bits represents 16 signatures. If the value of a bit is 1, it indicates that the corresponding signature is available. One signature number corresponds to one SF=16 channelized coded number.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Available signature

 

Bitstring(16)

Bit0: sig0

Value Range

Bit15: sig15 Bit of 1 refers to available signature.

Default Value

1

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

-

Recommended Configuration

PRACH signatures distinguish between subscribers. To avoid the same sending preamble for multiple subscribers, multiple available signatures are defined in the protocol. A subscriber can select a random signature before sending. The more signatures you configure, the smaller probability a conflict occurs.

PRACH Available Subchannel Number

3GPP Name

Available Subchannel Number; RACH Subchannel Numbers

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification” TS 25.433: “UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signaling”

24

Chapter 3 Random access parameter

Chapter 3

Random access parameter

3GPP Name

Available Subchannel Number; RACH Subchannel Numbers

Field Name

AvailSubChanNum

Description

This parameter indicates available subchannel numbers of the PRACH. The subchannel number defines the available access timeslot for the PRACH. Each bit indicates whether the subchannel number is available. Each subchannel number can correspond to multiple access timeslots.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

PRACH available subchannel number

 

Bitstring (12)

bit0: subch0

Value Range

bit11: subch11 Bit of 1 refers to available subchannel

Default Value

4095

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

 

Recommended Configuration

An available subchannel number offers an chance for PRACH access. More subchannel numbers means more access chances.

PRACH Available SF

3GPP Name

Available SF

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

Field Name

AvailableSF

Description

This parameter indicates the minimum available spreading factor (SF) for the PRACH (namely, the parameter restricts the maximum transmission rate of the PRACH).

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

PRACH available spreading factor

Value Range

(32,64,128,256)

Default Value

64

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

-

Recommended Configuration

The PRACH available SF reflects the uploading rate of the PRACH. The larger the rate, the smaller the SF.

PRACH

Preamble Scrambling Code

3GPP Name

Preamble scrambling code number; Scrambling Code Number

25

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

3GPP Name

Preamble scrambling code number; Scrambling Code Number

 

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

3GPP Reference

TS 25.433: “UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signaling”

Field Name

PreamScraCode

 

This parameter indicates the preamble scrambling code number for

the PRACH. The scrambling code number used by the PRACH is

Description

associated with the downlink primary scrambling code, and a

maximum of 16 scrambling codes are available. This parameter

distinguishes between PRACH physical channels.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

PRACH preamble scrambling code

Value Range

0

15

Default Value

0 (PRACH shall be increased by 1 if one value is added)

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

-

 

The PRACH preamble scrambling code number distinguishes

between physical channels. If multiple PRACH channels are

Recommended Configuration

configured in the cell, y ou need only to ensure that the scrambling

codes are different between PRACH physical channels.

Initial Dynamic Persistence Level

3GPP Name

Dynamic persistence level

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

Field Name

DynPstLevelInit

 

This parameter indicates the initial value of the dynamic persistence level

Description

used for calculating the sending possibility of the MAC layer in the event of ASCi 1. each PRACH should be configured with a dynamic

persistence level. The dynamic persistence levels of multiple PRACH

channels can be broadcasted in SIB 7.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Initial dynamic persistence level of PRACH

Value Range

1

8

Default Value

1

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

-

 

Dynamic persistence level determines the access probability of the MAC

Recommended Configuration

layer. The larger the parameter value, the higher the access probability. If

the cell traffic is low, you can set the parameter value to 1 to avoid access

26

Chapter 3 Random access parameter

Chapter 3

Random access parameter

3GPP Name

Dynamic persistence level

 
 

delay as best as possible. If the cell traffic is high, you can reduce the dynamic persistence level to prevent interference due to the conflict that occurs during the access process of multiple subscribers. This ensures that the subscribers can access the network at different points of time.

Maximum Allowed UL TX Power of RACH

 

3GPP Name

Maximum allowed UL TX power

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

Field Name

MaxRACHTxPwr

Description

This parameter indicates the maximum uplink transmit power u sed by the RACH.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

 

GUI Element Name

Maximum transmitting power of RACH

Value Range

(-50

33)

dBm

Default Value

24dBm

 

Scope

UTRAN Cell

 

Function

Power Control

 

Recommended Configuration

The configuration is associated with the cell coverage and UE capabilities. In network planning, you should determine the coverage according to the UE capabilities, and therefore determine the maximum transmit power of the PRACH. A larger value is not sure the best. The parameter value should match the coverage. Otherwise, large interference occurs.

PRACH Preamble Power Ramp Step

3GPP Name

Power Ramp Step

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

Field Name

PRStep

 

Description

This parameter indicates that the UE needs to ramp up the step on the basis of the original power after sending one preamble whereas failing to receive any response from the AICH. The UE then uses this power to send next preamble.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

 

GUI Element Name

PRACH preamble power ramp step

Value Range

(1

8)dB

step 1dB

Default Value

1dB

Scope

UTRAN Cell

 
 

27

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

3GPP Name

Power Ramp Step

Function

-

Recommended Configuration

In general, Power Ramp Step affects the speed of random access of the UE. Typically, Use the default settings.

Maximum Number of Preamble Being Transmitted

3GPP Name

Preamble Retrans Max

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

Field Name

MaxPreamRetrans

Description

This parameter defines the maximum number of access preambles of the L1 layer before the layer receives the ACK or NACK response.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Maximum number of preamble being transmitted of PRACH

Value Range

1

64

Default Value

40

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

-

Recommended Configuration

This parameter indicates the attempts of the physical layer preamble. Typically, you do not need to change the parameter value.

Sets Lower Bound for Random Back-off of MAC Layer

3GPP Name

NB01min

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

Field Name

NB01min

Description

This parameter indicates the minimum time limit for resending after NACK is received. When the UE receives the negative response from the AICH, the MAC layer needs to start the timer Tbo1 so that the MAC layer can attempt to resend after a specific time. This avoids frequent refusal. TBO1 can be set to NBO1 times the interval of 10 ms and randomly changes in a range. Use this expression to determine NBO1: 0 NBO1min NBO1 NBO1max. After TB01 expires, a new RACH attempt starts.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Sets lower bound for random back-off of MAC layer

Value Range

0

50

Default Value

3

28

Chapter 3 Random access parameter

Chapter 3

Random access parameter

3GPP Name

NB01min

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

-

Recommended Configuration

The random backoff lower and upper limits of the MAC layer are the time lengths for waiting for next access after failure to access the physical layer is determined. The greater the NB01min value, the longer the time to wait. Typically, use the default settings.

Sets Upper Bound for Random Back -off of MAC Layer

3GPP Name

NB01max

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

Field Name

NB01max

Description

This parameter indicates the maximum time limit for resending after NACK is received. When the UE receives the negative response from the AICH, the MAC layer needs to start the timer Tbo1 so that the MAC layer can attempt to resend after a specific time. This avoids frequent refusal. TBO1 can be set to NBO1 times the interval of 10 ms and randomly changes in a range. Use this expression to determine NBO1: 0 NBO1min NBO1 NBO1max. After TB01 expires, a new RACH attempt starts.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Sets upper bound for random back-off of MAC layer

Value Range

0 50

Default Value

40

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

-

Recommended Configuration

The random backoff lower and upper limits of the MAC layer are the time lengths for waiting for next access after failure to access the physical layer is determined. A greater difference between NBO01max and NB01min reduces the probability of next conflict after a subscriber fails to access the network. Typically, use the default settings.

Maximum Number of Preamble Ramping Cycles of RACH

3GPP Name

Preamble Retrans Max

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification”

Field Name

Mmax

Description

This parameter indicates the maximum number of possibilities

29

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

3GPP Name

Preamble Retrans Max

 

for the MAC layer to attempt to send again. When the physical layer returns NACK or NO ACK, the number of attempts of the MAC layer, namely, M increases by 1. When the value of M exceeds Mmax, the MAC layer exits from the access process.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

 

GUI Element Name

Maximum number of preamble ramping cycles of RACH

Value Range

1

32

Default Value

6

Scope

UTRAN Cell

Function

-

Recommended Configuration

This parameter indicates the maximum number of access attempts of the MAC layer. Typically, use the default settings.

AICH Transmitting Power

3GPP Name

AICH Power offset; AICH Power

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331: “RRC Protocol Specification” TS 25.433: “UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signaling”

Field Name

AichPwr

 

Description

This parameter indicates the transmit power of the AICH. The value is an offset relative to the primary pilot power.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

 

GUI Element Name

AICH transmitting power

Value Range

(-22

5)

dB step 1dB

Default Value

-7dB

Scope

UTRAN Cell

 

Function

Power Control

Recommended Configuration

The AICH transmit power affects the feedback of the random access process. Therefore, it is important to set the power. However, since the AICH power is relative to the pilot channel, only if the coverage of the pilot channel is guaranteed, the AICH power offset can meet the requirement with its default value.

30

4 UE call establishment parameter

Call establishment process shall be executed once UE selecting the cell with interaction. It also shall be executed after staying on the serving cell if subsequent Traffic requests shall be initiated.

Call establishment process is shown as follows :

31

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter
CN RNC Node B UE RRC Connection Request Radio Link Setup Request Radio Link Setup
CN
RNC
Node B
UE
RRC Connection Request
Radio Link Setup Request
Radio Link Setup Response
RRC Connection Setup
RRC Connection Setup
Complete
Message interaction (including authentication, etc)
RAB Assignment Request
Acceptance
control
Radio bearing
distribution
Radio Link Reconfiguration
Prepare
Radio Link Reconfiguration Ready
Radio Bearer Setup
Radio Link Reconfiguration
Commit
RAB Assignment Reponse
Radio Bearer Setup Complete
Nas message
Power
control
handover control
Dynamic radio
bearing control

The Chapter is only to introduce parameters which are not relevant to UE call process and Radio Resource Management. Parameters related to radio resource management are introduc ed in other Chapters.

Waiting

Message (T300)

Time

after

UE Sending

32

RRC

CONNECTION SETUP

REQUES T

Chapter 4 UE call establishment parameter

Chapter 4

UE call establishment parameter

3GPP Name

T300

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331

Field Name

T300

Description

This parameter indicates the wait after the UE sends the "RRC CONNECTION SETUP REQUEST" message.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

 

GUI Element Name

Waiting time after UE sending RRC CONNECTION SETUP REQUEST messages (T300)

 

OMCR:

(100,200,400,600,800,1000,1200,1400,1600,1800,2000,3000,4000,6

Value Range

000,8000) ms

RNC:(0

14)

Default Value

2000ms

Scope

RNC

Function

-

Recommended Configuration

You should consider at least one loopback delay for this parameter.

Maximum Number of Retransmissions of the RRC CONNECTION REQUES T Message (N300)

3GPP Name

N300

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331

Field Name

N300

Description

This parameter indicates the maximum times for resending the "RRC CONNECTION SETUP REQUEST" message.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Maximum number of retransmission of the RRC CONNECTION SETUP REQUEST message (N300)

Value Range

(0

7)

Default Value

3

Scope

RNC

Function

-

Recommended Configuration

This parameter offers multiple sending chances for the RRC link request. Typically, use the default settings.

Waiting Time for Receiving "In Sync" from L1 in Idle Mode (T312 in Idle Mode)

3GPP Name

T312

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331

33

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

3GPP Name

T312

Field Name

T312Idle

 

This parameter indicates T312 in idle mode, that is, the time that

Description

the UE waits for the L1 synchronization indication for starting to

establish a dedicated channel.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

 

Waiting time for receiving In Syncfrom L1 in idle mode (T312

GUI Element Name

in Idle Mode)

Value Range

(1 15)s

Default Value

2s

Scope

RNC

Function

-

 

The greater the parameter value, the longer time the physical layer

takes for synchronization. Typically, the principle is to reduce the

Recommended Configuration

time for the physical layer to establish the link, and therefore to

reduce the call success delay.

Maximum Number of "In Sync" Received from L1 in Idle Mode (N312 in Idle Mode)

3GPP Name

N312

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331

Field Name

N312Idle

 

This parameter indicates N312 in idle mode, that is, the number of

Description

consecutive "in sync" indications that the UE receives from L1

before it successfully establishes a dedicated channel.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Maximum number of In Syncreceived from L1 in idle mode N312 in Idle Mode

 

OMCR: (1, 2, 4, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000)

Value Range

RNC: ( 0 11)

Default Value

10

Scope

RNC

Function

-

 

The greater the parameter value, the longer time the physical layer

takes for synchronization. Typically, the principle is to reduce the

Recommended Configuration

time for the physical layer to establish the link, and therefore to

reduce the call success delay.

Waiting Time for Receiving "In Sync" from L1 in Connected Mode (T312 in

34

Chapter 4 UE call establishment parameter

Chapter 4

UE call establishment parameter

Connected Mode)

3GPP Name

T312

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331

Field Name

T312Connected

 

This parameter indicates T312 in connected mode, that is, the time

Description

that the UE waits for the L1 synchronization indication for starting

to establish a dedicated channel.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

 

Waiting time for receiving In Syncfrom L1 in connected mode

GUI Element Name

(T312 in Connected Mode)

Value Range

(1 15)s

Default Value

1s

Scope

RNC

Function

-

 

The greater the parameter value, the longer time the physical layer

takes for synchronization. Typically, the principle is to reduce the

Recommended Configuration

time for the physical layer to establish the link, and therefore to

reduce the call success delay.

Maximum Number of "In Sync" Received from L1 in Connected Mode (N312 in Connected Mode)

3GPP Name

N312

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331

Field Name

N312Connected

 

Number of In Syncreceived from L1 for N312 in idle mode

Description

before successful establishment of special signal channel

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Maximum number of In Syncreceived from L1 in connected modeN312 In Connected Mode

 

OMCR: (1, 2, 4, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000)

Value Range

RNC: (0 11)

Default Value

1

Scope

RNC

Function

-

 

The greater the parameter value, the longer time the physical layer

Recommended Configuration

takes for synchronization. Typically, the principle is to reduce the

time for the physical layer to establish the link, and therefore to

35

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

3GPP Name

N312

   
 

reduce the call success delay.

 

Waiting

Time

after

DPCCH

Established

in

CELL_DCH

State

Losing

Synchronization (T313)

 

3GPP Name

T313

   

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331

 

Field Name

T313

 
 

This parameter indicates the time to wait after the DPCCH in

Description

CELL_DCH state loses synchronization.

 

Description of data item of radio parameter message

 
 

Waiting time after DPCCH established in CELL_DCH state losing

GUI Element Name

synchronizationT313

 

Value Range

(0

15)

s

Default Value

3s

Scope

RNC

 

Function

-

 

After "out of sync", the message indicating the real failure should

be reported to the upper layer after a specific time. Therefore, the

Recommended Configuration

 

parameter value cannot be too small; otherwise, unnecessary link

 

release will result. Typically, use the default settings.

 

Maximum Number of Successive "Out of Sync" Received from L1 (N313)

3GPP Name

N313

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331

 

Field Name

N313

 

This parameter indicates the maximum number of consecutive "out

Description

of sync" indications received from L1.

 

Description of data item of radio parameter message

 
 

Maximum number of successive out of syncreceived from L1

GUI Element Name

(N313)

 

OMCR: (1, 2, 4, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200)

 

Value Range

RNC: (0 7)

 

Default Value

50

Scope

RNC

Function

-

Recommended Configuration

After

the

link

is

established,

because

the

radio

environment

36

Chapter 4 UE call establishment parameter

Chapter 4

UE call establishment parameter

3GPP Name

N313

 
 

becomes bad, the link is out of sync. This parameter sends the indication of this "out of sync" to the upper layer, which was determined by the physical layer in advance. The parameter value cannot be too small; otherwise, calls drop in case that a sudden and short bad change of the environment occurs.

Maximum Number of Successive "In Sync" Received from L1 When T313 is Activated (N315)

3GPP Name

N315

 

3GPP Reference

TS 25.331

Field Name

N315

Description

This parameter indicates the maximum number of consecutive "in sync" indications that the UE receives from L1 in T313 active state.

Description of data item of radio parameter message

GUI Element Name

Maximum number of successive In Syncreceived from L1 when T313 is activated (N315)

Value Range

OMCR: (1, 2, 4, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000) RNC: (0 11)

Default Value

1

Scope

RNC

Function

-

Recommended Configuration

The greater the parameter value, the longer time the physical layer takes for synchronization. Typically, the principle is to reduce the time for the physical layer to establish the link, and therefore to reduce the call success delay.

37

5 Paging parameter

PICH signal channels shall be detected when UE is under CELL_PCH/URA_PCH and idle states. PCH channel carried by SCCPCH shall be monitored to gain paging message which is paging type 1.

calculating paging

calculating paging

occasion

occasion
calculating paging occasion
calculating paging occasion

Monitoring PICH

signal channel

receiving SCCPCH ( PCH (

receivingSCCPCH

PCH

Calculation formula of paging occasion is shown as follows :

Paging Occasion=

(IMSI div K) mod (DRX cycle length) + n * DRX cycle length

In which:

K: It refers to several PICHs.

n = 0, 1, 2… as long as SFN is below its maximum value.

Calculation formula of subscriber s position in PICH:

PI = DRX Index mod Np

When: DRX Index = IMSI div 8192

Detailed position in PICH shall be calculated as follows :

q

 

PI



18

SFN

SFN

/8

SFN

/64

Mapping of paging indicators P q to PICH bits :

SFN

/512



mod144

Np

144    

 

mod Np

Number of paging indicators per frame (Np)

P q = 1

P q = 0

Np=18

{b 16q ,

…,

b 16q+15 }

=

{1,

{b 16q , …, b 16q+15 } = {0,

39

UMTS Radio Parameter

UMTS Radio Parameter

Number of paging indicators

   

per frame (Np)

P q = 1

P q = 0

 

1,…, 1}

0,…, 0}

 

Np=36

{b 8q , …, b 8q+7 } = {1, 1,…,

{b 8q ,

…, b 8q+7 }

=

{0,

1}

0,…, 0}

 

Np=72

{b 4q , …, b 4q+3 } = {1, 1,…,

{b