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TRIG: An introduction to the UNIT CIRCLE begins with special right triangle relationships. Students then fold the angles into the unit circle by families of special angles, identify ordered pairs as (cosA, sinA) and count by fractions to learn radian measures.

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Given the hypotenuse find the length of each leg.

Make a generalization about relationship between leg and hypotenuse

Equilateral Triangles with an altitude drawn create 30–60–90 triangles

Given length of hypotenuse, find length of short leg and long leg.

Make a generalization about relationship between hypotenuse and

short leg and long leg.

Short

Hypotenuse

Vertical

30 Long Leg

Horizontal

Leg

1

Short = ( Hypotenuse )

2

Long = 3 ( Short )

3

Long

= ( Hypotenuse )

2

Hypotenuse Vertical

Leg

60

Short

Horizontal

Leg

45

Equal

Hypotenuse

Length

Leg

45

Equal Length Leg

Hypotenuse = 2 ( Leg )

Hypotenuse 2

Leg = i

2 2

2

Leg = ( Hypotenuse )

2

Squares with one diagonal create 45–45–90 triangles

4 2 5 2

4 5

2

4 5 2

2

1 2

3 2 1

3 2

3 1 2

2

Given the length of the legs, find the hypotenuse.

Given the hypotenuse find the length of each leg.

Make a generalization about relationship between leg and hypotenuse

Equilateral Triangles with an altitude drawn create 30–60–90 triangles

8 3 3 3

4 3

2

3

4

2

1 1

1 1 3 1 3 2

2 2

1

2

Given length of hypotenuse, find length of short leg and long leg.

Make a generalization about relationship between hypotenuse and

short leg and long leg.

Unit Circle: Fold your paper within the interior of the circle to find all special angles.

Color code the angles with a large dot.

Ex. 0-90-180-270 are black, 30s – green, 45s – blue, 60s – red

Using a ruler connect origin to each dot using the appropriate color from your coding

Label angles in degree measure in the appropriate color. We’ll label radian measures later.

Label ( x, y ) coordinates in the appropriate color.

Save this unit circle for reference in your Trigonometry class. This will be your most useful paper unit circle ever!!

Unit Circle: Fold your paper within the interior of the circle to find all special angles.

( x, y ) = ( cos θ ,sin θ ) ; tan θ

Save this unit circle for reference in your Trigonometry class. This will be your most useful paper unit circle ever!!

π

90

2π 2 π

120 60

3 ( 0,1) ; und . 3

3π ⎛ 1 3⎞ π

135 3 ⎛1 3⎞ 3 45

4 ⎜⎜ − , ⎟⎟ ; − ⎜⎜ , ⎟⎟ ; 4

⎝ 2 2 ⎠ 1

⎝ 2 2 ⎠ 1

⎛ 2 2⎞ ⎛ 2 2⎞

⎜⎜ − , ⎟⎟ ; − 1 ⎜⎜ , ⎟⎟ ; 1

⎝ 2 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 2 ⎠

5π π

150 30

6 6

⎛ 3 1⎞ 1 ⎛ 3 1⎞ 1

⎜⎜ − , ⎟⎟ ; − ⎜⎜ , ⎟⎟ ;

⎝ 2 2⎠ 3 ⎝ 2 2⎠ 3

180 π 0 0

( −1, 0 ) ; 0 (1, 0 ) ; 0

7π π

210 30

6 6

⎛ 3 1⎞ 1 ⎛ 3 1⎞ 1

⎜⎜ − , − ⎟⎟ ; ⎜⎜ , ⎟⎟ ;

⎝ 2 2⎠ 3 ⎝ 2 2⎠ 3

5π 7π

225 315

4 4π 5π 4

240 300

⎛ 2 2⎞ 3 3 ⎛ 2 2⎞

⎜⎜ − ,− ⎟; 1 ⎛ 1 3⎞ ⎛1 3⎞ ⎜⎜ ,− ⎟ ; −1

⎝ 2 2 ⎟⎠ 3 3π 3

⎝ 2 2 ⎟⎠

⎜⎜ − , − ⎟⎟ ; 270 ⎜⎜ , − ⎟⎟ ; −

⎝ 2 2 ⎠ 1 2 ⎝2 2 ⎠ 1

( 0, −1) ; und .

Degree Radian

Unit Circle has radius 1

( x, y ) = ( cos θ ,sin θ ) ; tan θ

π

90

2π 2 π

120 60

3 ( 0,1) ; und . 3

3π ⎛ 1 3⎞ π

135 3 ⎛1 3⎞ 3 45

4 ⎜⎜ − , ⎟⎟ ; − ⎜⎜ , ⎟⎟ ; 4

⎝ 2 2 ⎠ 1

⎝2 2 ⎠ 1

⎛ 2 2⎞ ⎛ 2 2⎞

⎜⎜ − , ⎟⎟ ; − 1 ⎜⎜ , ⎟⎟ ; 1

⎝ 2 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 2 ⎠

5π π

150 30

6 6

⎛ 3 1⎞ 1 ⎛ 3 1⎞ 1

⎜⎜ − , ⎟⎟ ; − ⎜⎜ , ⎟⎟ ;

⎝ 2 2⎠ 3 ⎝ 2 2⎠ 3

180 π 0 0

( −1, 0 ) ; 0 (1, 0 ) ; 0

7π π

210 30

6 6

⎛ 3 1⎞ 1 ⎛ 3 1⎞ 1

⎜⎜ − , − ⎟⎟ ; ⎜⎜ , ⎟⎟ ;

⎝ 2 2⎠ 3 ⎝ 2 2⎠ 3

5π 7π

225 315

4 4π 5π 4

240 300

⎛ 2 2⎞ 3 3 ⎛ 2 2⎞

⎜⎜ − ,− ⎟; 1 ⎛ 1 3⎞ ⎛1 3⎞ ⎜⎜ ,− ⎟⎟ ; − 1

⎝ 2 2 ⎟⎠ 3 3π 3 2 2

⎜⎜ − , − ⎟; ⎜⎜ , − ⎟⎟ ; − ⎝ ⎠

2 ⎟⎠

270

⎝ 2 1 2 ⎝2 2 ⎠ 1

( 0, −1) ; und .

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