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Loaded Flat Plates

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Home Mechanics Index Loaded Flat Platess Introduction..... Symbols..... Circular Plates..... Rectangular Plates..... Circular Plates with central holes..... Introduction This page includes simple formula for the calculation of the maximum stress and deflection for thin flat plates under a variety of support and loading conditons. The equations are only valid if the deflection is small compared to the plate thickness. The plates are all assumed to be steel with a poisson's ratio of 0,3. The equations are also only reasonably accurate if the thickness is less than 10% of the diameter. The results can be used for initial estimates - For more accurate results it is recommended that quality reference books are used i.e "Roark's Formulas for Stress and Strain". I also recommend Mitcalc.com see link 1 below - a suite of calculators based on Excel. The loading scenario for the simply supported rectangular plates assume that the upper edges of the loaded surface are restrained from lifting such that all of the edges are in contact during the the loading condition. Note: I have checked the results from some of the equations against results using Mitcalc.com . The deflections and stresses resulting are generally resonably accurate. I have checked my results against Roark and they seem to be OK. I would recommend that for more comprehensive calculations including greater detail with more accuracy standard reference texts are used e.g Roarks book. I have created a excelcalcs based spreadsheet for convenient access to all of the equations on this page. This is located at ExcelCalcs.com calculation Plates There are also other detailed calcs/ tables/ graphs for a number of different plate configurations on the excelcalcs site ref. Excelcalcs Plates

Symbols / Units r = radiuss of circular plate (m) a = minor length of rectangular plate (m) b = major length of rectangular plate (m) t = plate thickness (m) p = uniform surface pressure on plate (compressive) (N/m ) P = Single concentrated force (compressive) (N) m = maximum stress(N/m ) ym = maximum deflection (m) E = Young's moudulus of elasticity (N/m ) = Poissan's ratio -Assumed to be 0,3 for steel. D = Flexural rigidity = E.t / 12 (1-v )

Circular Plates Circular Plate , uniform load , edges simply supported .

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Loaded Flat Plates

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Circular Plate , uniform load , edges clamped .

Circular Plate , Centre Load , edges simply supported .

Circular Plate , Centre Load , edges clamped .

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Loaded Flat Plates

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Rectangular Plates Rectangular Flat Plate , uniform load ,edge simply supported.

Rectangular Flat Plate , uniform load ,edge clamped.

Rectangular Flat Plate , concentrated load at centre,edge simply supported.

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Loaded Flat Plates

http://www.roymech.co.uk/Useful_Tables/Mechanics/Plates.html

a/b 1,0 k 1 k 2 0,127 0,435 1,1 0,138 0,565 1,2 0,148 0,650 1,4 0,162 0,789 0,17 0,875 1,6 1,8 0,177 0,927 2,0 0,180 0,958 3,0 0,185 1,000 4 -> 0,185 0,000

Rectangular Flat Plate , concentrated load at centre, edge clamped

a/b 1,0 k 1 k2 k 3 0,061 0,754 -0,238 1,2 0,071 0,894 -0,0078 1,4 0,076 0,962 0,011 1,6 0,078 0,991 0,053 1,8 0,0786 1,000 0,068 2,0 0,0788 1,004 0,067 3 -> 0,0791 1,008 0,067

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Loaded Flat Plates

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Circular Flat Plate with central hole , concentrated load at hole, simply supported at outer edge

a/b 1,25 k 1 0,341 k 2 0,100 k 1 0,519 1,5 k 2 1,26 k 1 0,672 2 k 2 1,48 k 1 33 k 2 1,88 k 1 0,724 4 k 2 2,17 k 1 0,704 5 k 2

0,734

2,34

Circular Flat Plate with central hole , uniform load over ring, simply supported at outer edge

a/b 1,25 k 1 0,184 k 2 k 1 0,414 1,5 k 2 0.976 k 1 0,664 2 k 2 1,44 k 1 0,824 3 k 2 1,88 k 1 0,830 4 k 2 2,08 k 1 0,813 5 k 2 2,190

0,592

Circular Flat Plate with central hole , Concentrated load at hole, clamped at outer edge

a/b 1,25 k1 0,00504 k2 0,194 k1 0,0242 1,5 k2 0.320 k1 0,0810 2 k2 0,454 k1 0,172 3 k2 0,673 k1 0,217 4 k2 1,021 k1 0,238 5 k2 1,305

Circular Flat Plate with central hole , uniform load over ring, clamped at outer edge

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Loaded Flat Plates

http://www.roymech.co.uk/Useful_Tables/Mechanics/Plates.html

a/b 1,25 k 1 0,00199 k 2 0,105 k 1 1,5 k 2 0.259 k 1 2 k 2 0,480 k 1 0,130 3 k 2 0,657 k 1 0,162 4 k 2 k 1 5 k 2 0,730

0,0139

0,0575

0,710

0,175

Circular Flat Plate with guided central hole , uniform distributed load, simply supported at outer edge

a/b 1.25 k 1 0,00343 k 2 0,122 k 1 0,0313 1,5 k 2 k 1 0,125 2 k 2 0,740 k 1 3 k 2 1,210 k 1 0,417 4 k 2 k 1 0,492 5 k 2 1,590

0,336

0,221

1,450

Circular Flat Plate with guided central hole , uniform distributed load, fixed at outer edge

a/b 10 k1 0,149 k2 0,728 k1 0,074 3 k2 0,58 k1 0,023 2 k2 0,36 k1 0,003 1,5 k2 0,151 k1 1,1 k2 0,019

Additional notes to be added

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Loaded Flat Plates

http://www.roymech.co.uk/Useful_Tables/Mechanics/Plates.html

Relevant Links 1. Mitcalc.com Plates Detailed Calculations for a very resonable cost 2. Wikipeadia - Plate theory.. Quite detailed - difficult to follow notes 3. excelcalcs Plates.. Very detailed a comprehensive coverage of the subject.

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Home Mechanics Index Send Comments to Roy Beardmore Last Updated 08/08/2011

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