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Tekla Structures Drawing Manual Product version 15.0 February 2009 © 2009 Tekla Corporation

Tekla Structures

Drawing Manual

Product version 15.0 February 2009

© 2009 Tekla Corporation

© 2009 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved.

This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise.

In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law.

Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated.

Portions of this software:

D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved.

EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved.

XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved.

Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved.

DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved.

FLEXnet Copyright © 2006 Acresso Software Inc. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Acresso Software Inc. Of Chicago, Illinois, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Acresso Software Inc. is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Acresso Software Inc. in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Acresso Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise.

The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Contents

Preface

17

Audience

17

Additional help resources

17

Conventions used in this guide

18

Related guides

19

1 Introduction to Drawings

21

1.1 Basics

21

Drawings integrated into the model

22

Capabilities

22

1.2 Screen layout

23

1.3 Toolbars

25

Basic toolbars

25

1.4 Using commands

28

Executing commands

28

Selecting objects in drawings

29

Creating objects

30

Modifying objects

31

Using commands simultaneously

31

Ending commands

31

1.5 Drawing types

32

Single-part drawing

32

Assembly drawing

32

Cast unit drawing

35

General arrangement drawing

35

Multidrawing

36

1.6 Three levels of editing drawings

37

1.7 Colors in drawings

37

2 Getting Started with Drawings

41

2.1 Opening drawings

41

2.2 Drawing List contents and markings

42

Drawing List fields and buttons

44

 

Drawing status flags

46

2.3

Creating drawings

48

Before creating drawings

48

Setting drawing properties and rule sets

49

Master Drawing Catalog

49

Saved settings

54

Rule set

54

Wizard file

55

Cloning template

56

Adding saved settings to Master Drawing Catalog

57

Editing master drawing properties of saved settings

57

Creating drawings using saved settings

58

Adding a rule set to Master Drawing Catalog

59

Editing master drawing properties of rule sets

60

Editing master drawing properties and contents of wizard files

61

Creating drawings using rule sets

62

Adding a new cloning template to Master Drawing Catalog

62

Editing master drawing properties of cloning templates

63

Creating drawings using cloning templates

64

Creating and adding preview images

65

Selecting the displayed master drawings

65

Displaying master drawing descriptions

65

Working with folders

66

Using search in Master Drawing Catalog

67

Removing master drawings from the Master Drawing Catalog

69

Using drawing-type-specific commands to create drawings

69

Creating single-part or assembly drawings

70

Creating cast unit drawings

71

Creating general arrangement drawings

72

Creating anchor bolt plans

73

Creating multi-drawings

78

Creating multiple drawings of the same part using properties dialog box

79

Using AutoDrawings to create drawings

80

Creating multiple drawings of the same part using AutoDrawings

81

Creating drawings from drawing templates using AutoDrawings

81

Cloning through Drawing List

82

Cloning single-part, cast-unit and assembly drawings

82

Cloning general arrangement drawings

83

Defining objects to be cloned

85

Creating drawings from cloning templates using Clone Drawing

85

Creating preview images of cloning templates

86

View-specific dimension cloning

88

Marks in cloned drawings

89

Checking dimensions and views in cloned drawings

90

2.4 Working with drawings

90

Locking and freezing drawings

91

Drawing objects associated with model objects

91

Associative symbol

92

Highlight changes in associative dimensions, marks, and notes

92

Change symbols in printed drawings

93

Creating static drawings

93

Updating drawings when the model changes

93

Finding parts that have no drawings

94

Modifying multiple drawings

95

Issuing drawings

95

Drawing revisions

95

Creating revisions

96

Changing revisions

96

Deleting revisions

96

Moving views to another drawing

97

2.5 Saving and closing drawings

98

2.6 Drawing reference

98

Create Single-Part Drawing

100

Create Assembly Drawing

101

Create Cast Unit Drawing

103

Create General Arrangement Drawing

104

Create Multidrawings

105

Drawings & Reports > AutoDrawing

107

View > Create Drawing View > Of Entire Model View

108

View > Create Drawing View > Of Selected Area in Model

108

View > Create Drawing View > Of Selected Area in Drawing View

108

View > Create Drawing View > Of Selected Part in Drawing View > Front, Top, Back, Bottom, 3D

109

View > Create Drawing View > Section View

109

View > Create Drawing View > Curved Section View

110

View > Create Drawing View > Detail View

110

3 Drawing Layout

113

3.1 Introducing layouts

113

3.2 Table layouts

114

Defining margins and spaces in drawings

115

3.3 Working with tables

116

Selecting tables to be included in the table layout

117

Defining the location of tables in the table layout

117

Defining distances between tables

118

Setting table scales and transparency

118

Replacing a table with another one

119

Opening tables in Template Editor

119

Adding images in drawing templates

120

3.4 Key plan

120

Drawing view as a key plan

121

DWG/DXF as a key plan

122

Adding a key plan to a drawing layout

122

3.5 Scale and location of drawing views

123

Automatically scaled drawing views

123

Using autoscale

123

Scale change mode

124

Preferred size

124

Location of views in drawings

124

Setting the projection type

124

Setting the section and end view location

125

Including single part views in assembly drawing

126

Expanding shortened parts

126

3.6 Drawing size

126

Specifying drawing size

127

Automatically sizing drawings

128

Drawing sizes

128

Table layout

128

Defining fixed drawing sizes

128

Defining calculated drawing sizes

129

Both autoscaling and autosizing drawings

129

4

Dimensioning

131

4.1 Dimension basics

131

Dimension types

132

Automatic dimensioning

133

Pre-defined dimension defaults

133

Manual dimensioning

133

Dimension planes

135

4.2 Part dimensions

137

Overall dimensions

137

Main part overall

138

Assembly part overall

138

Part mark on dimension line

138

Internal dimensions

139

Shape dimensions

139

Radius and bevel dimensions

140

Unfolding dimensions

141

4.3 Bolt dimensions

142

Bolt internal dimensions

143

Main and secondary part bolt internal dimensions

143

Skewed bolt groups

144

GOL, C/C, GAGE

144

4.4 Position dimensions

145

Position bolts to and Position parts to

147

Secondary part

149

Embedded objects

150

Skew secondary parts

150

Changing the direction of running dimensions

151

Main part bolt position

151

Additional bolt position dimensions

151

Main part skew position

152

Skew position

153

Centered parts and bolts

153

Elevation dimensions

155

Leading or trailing edge

157

4.5 Reinforcement dimensions

157

Reinforcement dimension marks

158

Creating automatic reinforcement dimensions

159

Adding reinforcement dimensions and dimension marks manually

161

Adding closing dimensions manually

163

Adding reinforcement dimension lines

163

4.6 Dimensioning nested assemblies

164

4.7 Using check dimensions

164

Using knock off dimensions

166

4.8 Controlling dimensions

166

Combining dimensions

167

No option

168

First option

169

Second option

169

Third option

169

Fourth option

170

Fifth option

170

4.5 option

170

Combination distances

170

Combining bolt groups

172

Grouping identical objects to the same dimension line

173

Forward offset

173

Recognizable distance

174

Closing dimensions

175

4.9 Automatic dimensioning of general arrangement drawings

176

Adjusting automatic grid dimensions

177

Adjusting automatic part dimensions

183

Adjusting maximum leader line length

183

Dimensioning parts not entirely in the view

184

Adjusting the maximum number of outside dimensions

185

Using object group dimensioning rules in defining the dimensioned parts

186

Adjusting part dimension position

188

Adding automatic text tags to part dimension lines

196

4.10 Dimension appearance and location

197

Accessing dimension settings

199

Selecting the dimension types

200

Creating short extension lines

200

Selecting angle

201

Selecting the type of curved dimension

202

Setting the dimension format

202

Placing dimensions

204

Place

205

Preferred dim side

206

Aligning sloped dimension text

207

Adjusting dimension appearance

207

Text options

208

Line, Arrow options

209

Creating exaggerated dimensions

209

Changing the appearance of absolute dimensions

210

Adjusting dimension mark settings

211

Adjusting dimension mark contents

211

Creating dimension tags

211

Creating plate side marks manually

213

Setting Advanced dimension options

213

Creating plate side marks automatically

215

4.11 Dimension reference

215

Dimensioning properties

216

General dimensioning properties

216

Part dimensioning properties

217

Bolt dimensioning properties

218

Position dimensioning properties

219

Dimension grouping properties

220

Sub-assemblies

221

Reinforcement dimensioning properties

221

General arrangement drawing dimensioning properties

221

Dimension properties

222

Dimensioning > Add Horizontal Dimension

223

Dimensioning > Add Vertical Dimension

224

Dimensioning > Add Orthogonal Dimension

224

Dimensioning > Add Parallel Dimension

224

Dimensioning > Add Perpendicular Dimension

224

Dimensioning > Add Free Dimension

224

Dimensioning > Add Curved Dimension > With Orthogonal Reference Lines

225

Dimensioning > Add Curved Dimension > With Radial Reference Lines

225

Dimensioning > Add Radial Dimension

226

Dimensioning > Add Angular Dimension

226

Dimensioning > Add Dimensions for all Parts

227

Dimensioning > Edit Dimensions > Combine Dimension Lines

227

Dimensioning > Edit Dimensions > Link Dimension Lines

228

Dimensioning > Edit Dimensions > Unlink Dimension Lines

228

Dimensioning > Edit Dimensions > Add/Remove Dimension Point

228

Dimensioning > Edit Dimensions > Set Dimension Start Point

229

Dimensioning > Review Dimensions > Check Dimension Point Validity

229

Dimensioning > Review Dimensions > Remove Dimension Point Invalidity Symbol

229

Dimensioning > Review Dimensions > Remove Dimension Change Symbol

230

Dimensioning > GA Dimensioning Settings

230

Combining options

231

Use options

233

5 Drawing Properties

235

5.1 Common drawing properties

236

User-defined attributes in drawings

237

Protection

238

Placing

239

5.2 Drawing view properties

241

Defining which drawing views to create

242

Defining exact drawing view scales

242

Displaying neighbor parts in drawing views

243

Properties of individual views

244

Editing view label

246

Single-part views in assembly drawings

246

Defining part orientation in drawing views

247

Coordinate system

247

Part rotation in drawing views

248

Defining front view for columns

250

Defining concrete part orientation

250

Defining plate orientation

251

Unfolding in single-part drawings

253

Shortening parts in drawings

254

Displaying view names automatically in drawings

255

Displaying deformed parts in drawings

256

Part deformations

256

Displaying part openings and recesses in drawings

256

5.3 Drawing section view properties

258

Adding section views to drawings

259

Section view properties

259

Section view direction

260

View direction marks

261

Section view label and mark

262

Section mark

262

Section view label

265

Aligning section views with main views

267

5.4 Detail properties

267

5.5 Part and neighbor part properties

269

Part representation

269

Adjusting the part center line type

273

Orientation marks

274

Mark location

274

Compass direction

275

Orientation symbol

275

Connecting side marks

276

Orientation marks in single-part views

277

Setting up orientation marking

277

5.6 Bolt and weld properties

278

Bolts

278

User-defined bolt symbols

280

Welds

281

Merging weld symbols

282

5.7 Reinforcement properties

282

Setting the visibility of reinforcement in drawings

283

Adjusting reinforcing bars

284

Hiding reinforcing bar lines

284

Reinforcement appearance

286

5.8 Surface treatment properties

288

Content and appearance of surface treatment

288

Hatch patterns for surface treatment

290

5.9 Marks in drawings

291

Mark properties

292

Mark content

293

Common elements in marks

293

Part mark elements

294

Bolt mark elements

295

Connection mark elements

295

Reinforcement mark elements

296

Surface treatment mark elements

297

Section and detail mark and label elements

297

Adding templates in marks

298

Mark appearance

298

Visibility

299

Frame around mark

300

Mark location

301

Part mark leader line

301

Reinforcement mark leader line

302

Placing reinforcing bar mark leader line base point automatically

304

Reinforcement pull-outs

304

Reinforcement settings for drawings

305

Bolt marks and size elements

310

Adding user-defined attributes in marks

311

Control numbers in marks

312

Part number format in marks

312

Weld marks in drawings

312

Level marks in drawings

315

5.10 Merging marks

316

Merging part marks

316

Automatically merging reinforcement marks

317

Merging within a cast unit

317

Preferred merge direction

318

Merged mark content

318

Manually merging and splitting reinforcement marks

320

5.11 Grids in drawings

320

Grid properties

320

Editing grids and grid lines

322

Specifying a fixed size for a grid label frame

323

Adjusting the thickness of the grid label frame

323

5.12 The Drawing Classifier

324

How the Drawing Classifier works

325

Using the Drawing Classifier

326

 

Creating drawing property files

328

Creating view filters

328

Creating drawing object property files

329

Creating drawings

329

Troubleshooting

329

5.13

Drawing properties reference

330

Drawing view properties

330

Section view properties

332

Part mark properties

334

Bolt mark properties

335

Connection mark properties

336

Reinforcement mark properties

337

Surface treatment mark properties

338

Properties modification

339

6 Editing Drawings

341

6.1 Additional drawing objects

341

Common drawing object properties

343

Line properties

343

Arrow properties

345

Leader line

345

Color

347

Font

347

Fill/Hatch type

347

Frame type

348

Radius

348

Place

348

Special color

349

6.2 Additional marks

350

6.3 Symbols in drawings

351

Adding symbols in drawings

351

Symbol types

352

Symbol properties

352

6.4 Adding text and links to drawings

353

Text files in drawings

354

Adding text files

355

Editing text files

355

Links in drawings

355

Adding hyperlinks

356

Adding links between drawings

356

Modifying link properties

356

Scaling text files and links

356

Associative notes in drawings

357

6.5 Hatching in drawings

358

Modifying fill/hatch types

358

Schema files

360

Editing hatching properties

362

6.6 DWG and DXF files in drawings

362

Adding DWG or DXF files to drawings

362

DWG/DXF file properties

363

6.7 Edge chamfers in drawings

364

Displaying edge chamfers

364

Changing edge chamfer line color and type manually

367

Defining default line color and type for edge chamfers

368

Creating chamfer marks as associative notes

368

6.8 Displaying reference models in drawings

369

6.9 Working with drawing objects

370

User coordinate system (UCS)

370

UCS Symbol

370

Defining the UCS

371

Setting the UCS

372

Setting the UCS (with x axis direction)

372

Creating dimensions in the current coordinate system

372

Numeric snap

373

Positioning drawing objects

373

Using coordinates

373

Arranging drawing objects

374

Using cover-up tools

374

Dragging, reshaping, and resizing drawing objects

375

Copying and moving drawing objects

376

Hiding and showing objects in drawings and drawing views

377

6.10 Working with drawing views

378

Adding views to drawings

379

Placing drawing views

379

Aligning drawing views

380

Moving drawing views

380

Rotating drawing views

380

Resizing drawing views

381

Resizing drawing view boundaries

381

Copying and linking drawing views

382

3D views in cast-unit, assembly and single-part drawings

383

Placing drawing views after updating or cloning a drawing

383

6.11

Editing drawings reference

383

Draw Line

384

Draw Rectangle

384

Draw Circle > By Center and Radius

385

Draw Circle > By Three Points

386

Draw Arc > By Endpoints and Center

386

Draw Arc > By Three Points

387

Draw Polyline

388

Draw Polygon

389

Draw Cloud

389

Add Text > Text

390

Add Text > Text with Leader Line

391

Add Text > Text along Line

392

Add Text > Along Line, Arrow at End Point

392

Add Text > Along Line, Arrow at Start Point

393

Add Part Marks

393

Add Weld Mark

394

Add Level Mark

394

Add Revision Mark

396

Edit > Copy > Rotate

396

Edit > Copy > Mirror

397

Edit > Move > Rotate

397

Edit > Move > Mirror

398

Trim

398

Split

399

Divide

400

7 Printouts and reports

401

7.1

Creating reports

401

Producing reports on entire model

402

Producing reports on selected parts

402

Producing reports on selected drawings

404

Template Editor in report creating

404

Creating templates on nested assemblies

404

Producing reports on nested assemblies

407

Defining reports in HTML

407

Creating bending diagrams on reinforcement bars

408

Adding surface treatment information to report templates

410

Using the sequence number in reports

411

Report options

411

Print report options

411

Viewing reports

412

7.2 Printing drawings

412

Drawing frames and foldmarks

413

Drawing frames

413

DWG/DXF file as a frame

414

Printing single drawings

414

Printing on multiple sheets

414

Printing multiple drawings

415

Printing options

416

7.3 Printing drawings to file

417

Adding a print-to-file device to the printer catalog

418

Printing to file

419

Filenames

419

Printing to file (specific folder)

419

Switches for naming printfiles

419

7.4 Creating a PDF file

421

Add Adobe Printer driver to the printer catalog

421

Creating PDF files

422

Filenames

422

7.5 The printer catalog

422

Setting up a print device

422

Adding a print device

423

Selecting paper size

424

Print area h*b

424

Color

425

Color table

425

Pen number

426

Modifying a print device

426

Deleting a print device

426

Preface
Preface

Tekla Structures includes complete documentation in an accessible help system. Our online help is a detailed guide to Tekla Structures concepts, tools, commands, and features, with plenty of examples. The documentation is also available in PDF format.

Topics in the Preface are:

Audience (p. 17)

Additional help resources (p. 17)

Conventions used in this guide (p. 18)

Related guides (p. 19)

Audience

This guide is aimed at structural engineers, detailers and designers who model, analyze, and design concrete and steel structures.

We assume that you are familiar with the processes of structural engineering.

Additional help resources

The following resources also provide information about Tekla Structures:

Web site

http://www.tekla.com

E-mail

Contact your local helpdesk via e-mail:

Area office

E-mail address

China

TeklaStructures.Support.CHI@Tekla.com

Finland

TeklaStructures.Support.FI@Tekla.com

Area office

E-mail address

France

TeklaStructures.Support.FR@Tekla.com

Germany

TeklaStructures.Support.GER@Tekla.com

India

TeklaStructures.Support.IN@Tekla.com

Japan

TeklaStructures.Support.JPN@Tekla.com

Malaysia

TeklaStructures.Support.MY@Tekla.com

Middle East

TeklaStructures.Support.ME@Tekla.com

Sweden

TeklaStructures.Support.SWE@Tekla.com

UK

TeklaStructures.Support.UK@Tekla.com

US

TeklaStructures.Support.US@Tekla.com

Tekla Extranet

If you believe you have discovered a problem with this software, please report it to your Tekla Structures Reseller using the maintenance request form provided at Help > Tekla on the

Web > Maintenance request

Please send any comments or suggestions about Tekla Structures documentation to BetC_Documentation@tekla.com.

Anyone with a current maintenance contract can use Tekla Extranet. Register now to get free access to our online discussion forums, hints & tips, software downloads, tutorials, and more.

To register, go to https://extranet.tekla.com. You can also access Tekla Extranet from Tekla

Structures by clicking Help > Online Support > Tekla Extranet.

Conventions used in this guide

Typefaces

We use different typefaces for different items in this guide. In most cases the meaning is obvious from the context. If you are not sure what a certain typeface represents, you can check it here.

Convention

Usage

 

Bold

Bold indicates the names of keyboard keys.

Bold is also used for general emphasis in text.

Arial bold

Any text that you see in the user interface appears in Arial bold. Items such as window and dialog box titles, field and button names, combo box options, and list box items are displayed in this typeface.

Italic bold

New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time.

Monospace

Extracts of Tekla Structures’s program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appears in

monospaced font.

Filenames and folder paths appear in monospace.

Also all the text you enter yourself appears in monospaced font.

Noteboxes

We use several types of noteboxes, marked by different icons. Their functions are shown below:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing

A

tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing

things. A tip never contains information that is absolutely necessary.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can

A

note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can

also point you to other information in this guide that you might find

 

useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings , like this one. They will

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that

is

usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

You are never required to understand this kind of information.

Related guides

Tekla Structures includes a comprehensive help system in a series of online books. You will also receive a printed installation guide with your Tekla Structures installation DVD.

Modeling Manual

How to create a physical model.

Analysis Manual

How to create loads and run structural analysis.

Detailing Manual

How to create reinforcement, connections, and details.

Drawing Manual

How to create and edit drawings.

System Manual

Covers advanced features and how to maintain the Tekla Structures environment.

Task Manager User Guide

How to create, store, and manage scheduled tasks, and link the tasks to their corresponding model objects. This guide is available in English on the Tekla Extranet.

TplEd User’s Guide

How to create and edit report and drawing templates.

SymEd User’s Guide How to use the SymEd graphical interface to manipulate symbols.

Installation Troubleshooting Guide Printed booklet explaining how to install Tekla Structures.

1 Introduction to Drawings
1
Introduction to Drawings

Introduction

This chapter provides an overview of the Tekla Structures Drawing Editor interface, and introduces its basic features. It also explains the different types of drawings you can create, and the various levels of editing drawings.

This chapter has been written for beginners who already know the basics of modeling with Tekla Structures.

This is the best chapter to start with to gain a basic understanding of Tekla Structures drawings.

This chapter is divided into the following sections:

Basics (p. 21)

Screen layout (p. 23)

Toolbars (p. 25)

Using commands (p. 28)

Drawing types (p. 32)

Three levels of editing drawings (p. 37)

Colors in drawings (p. 37)

1.1

Basics

Creating and

managing

Editing and

viewing

Some of the drawing commands are located in the Model Editor and some in the Drawing Editor.

You will find all the commands for creating and managing drawings in the Model Editor.

To create different types of drawings with a single command, you can use AutoDrawing wizards. If you want to create one type of drawing at a time, use the commands on the Drawings & Reports menu. See also Drawing types (p. 32) and Creating drawings (p. 48).

To view and manage all existing drawings, click Drawings & Reports > Drawing List open the drawing list. See also Drawing List contents and markings (p. 42).

To view or edit a drawing, use the Drawing Editor. For more information, see Opening drawings (p. 41).

to

See also

Drawings integrated into the model (p. 22)

Capabilities (p. 22)

Drawings integrated into the model

Tekla Structures integrates the drawings and reports with the model. This means that, for example, dimensions and marks in drawings are always correct. It also makes it impossible to delete parts and bolts from drawings. However, you can filter out parts and bolts in drawings, or make them invisible.

You can create drawings and reports at any stage of the project. If the model changes, Tekla Structures promptd you to update the related drawings.

You can open only up-to-date drawings. Tekla Structures indicates which drawings youneed to update in the Drawing list dialog box. See Drawing List contents and markings (p. 42) and Drawing status flags (p. 46).

Capabilities

You can create several types of output, from general arrangement drawings to material reports. All the information comes directly from the model, which minimizes the work you have to do. In most cases all you have to do is check the predefined settings or do some minor editing.

The following table describes some of the main features of Tekla Structures drawings and reports:

Feature

Description

See also

Automatic workshop drawings and cast unit drawings

Automatically create single-part, assembly, and cast unit drawings, using predefined settings for layout, dimensions, marks, etc. Create drawings of selected parts with a single command.

Creating single-part or assembly drawings (p.

70)

Creating cast unit drawings (p. 71)

Automatic general arrangement drawings an anchor bolt plans

Automatically create general arrangement drawings and anchor bolt plans of a named view.

Creating general arrangement drawings (p. 72)

Creating anchor bolt plans (p. 73)

Master Drawing

A fast, efficient and more controlled way of creating drawings is to use master drawings. In Master Drawing Catalog, all drawing creation commands are available in one centralized location. You can create drawings using saved drawing property files, rule sets (wizards) and cloning templates.

 

Catalog

Master Drawing Catalog (p. 49)

Drawing wizards and rule sets

An efficient way of creating drawings is to use drawing wizards and rule sets. They automatically produce different types of drawings of different parts, such as beams, columns, and braces.

Master Drawing Catalog (p. 49)

Using AutoDrawings to create drawings (p. 80)

Feature

Description

See also

Up-to-date

The drawings are actually part of the model. If you revise the model, Tekla Structures also updates the associated drawings, so they are always up to date.

Working with drawings

drawings

(p.

90)

Reports

Tekla Structures creates reports directly from the model, so the information is always accurate. You can generate a wide variety of reports at any time during a project, including pre-bill of material lists at quotation stage, cut lists, bolt lists, and weld lists.

Creating reports (p. 401)

Revision control

Tekla Structures recognizes the changes in the model and automatically adjusts the relevant drawings and material lists.

Drawing revisions (p.

95)

Cloning

You can save time by cloning complex drawing styles.

Master Drawing Catalog (p. 49)

Cloning through Drawing List (p. 82)

Drawing Editor

The Drawing Editor includes interactive editing tools for adding dimensions, various shapes, text, associative notes, additional marks, symbols, and links in the drawings.

Manual dimensioning

tools

(p.

133)

Editing Drawings (p.

341)

Customized reports

Tekla Structures includes many ready- to-use standard reports and drawings. You can also create your own templates.

See the Template Editor User’s Guide

and drawings

1.2 Screen layout

When you start the Tekla Structures Drawing Editor, the menus and icons for modeling disappear and several new toolbars are displayed. The model views remain on the screen. The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures Drawing Editor window:

Commands for creating dimensions and objects. Select switches determine selectable objects. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15

Commands for creating dimensions and objects.Select switches determine selectable objects. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Introduction to Drawings

Select switches determine selectable objects.Commands for creating dimensions and objects. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Introduction to Drawings

Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick.Drawing tools include the basic tools for working with drawings. Switches Select switches and Snap

Drawing tools include the basic tools for working with drawings.Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick. Switches Select switches and Snap

Switches

Select switches and Snap settings are special toolbars containing switches which you can use to control which objects can be selected, and how Tekla Structures snaps to points.

Use select switches to limit which object types can be selected. For example, if only the Select marks switch is active, Tekla Structures only selects marks, even if you select the entire drawing area.

selects marks, even if you select the entire drawing area. You need to activate snap switches

You need to activate snap switches to be able to pick different positions and points such as line ends and intersections.

positions and points such as line ends and intersections. To snap to and pick points in

To snap to and pick points in the Drawing Editor you use similar techniques to those in the Model Editor.

See also

Toolbars (p. 25)

Selecting objects in drawings (p. 29)

Snapping to positions

1.3

Toolbars

The toolbars contain icons giving easy access to some of the most frequently-used commands.

Using icons

Most Tekla Structures icons work as follows:

A single-click initiates the command.

A double-click displays the properties dialog box of that object type, and initiates the command.

See also

Managing toolbars

Customizing the interface

Basic toolbars (p. 25)

Numeric snap (p. 373)

Basic toolbars

Drawing Tools

The Drawing Tools toolbar contains basic tools for working with drawings.

Drawing Objects • Open drawing list • Open previous drawing • Open next drawing •

Drawing Objects

Open drawing list

Open previous drawing

Open next drawing

Save drawing and model

Undo

Redo

Print drawings

Create view from model view

Create view from model by area

Create view from drawing view

Create section view

Create curved section view

Create detail view

Arrange drawing views

Copy

Move

Zoom in

Zoom out

Zoom original

Inquire object

Open model folder

Open named model views list

Show macros

Customize

The Drawing Objects toolbar contains dimensioning commands, commands for adding text, symbols and additional drawing objects, and commands for removing change symbols and dimension point invalidity symbols.

change symbols and dimension point invalidity symbols. • Add horizontal dimension • Add vertical dimension

Add horizontal dimension

Add vertical dimension

Add orthogonal dimension

Add free dimension

Add parallel dimension

Snap settings

Add perpendicular dimension

Add curved dimension with radial reference lines

Add curved dimension with orthogonal reference lines

Add angular dimension

Add/remove dimension point

Remove dimension points

Combine dimension lines

Link dimension lines

Unlink dimension lines

Add part marks for selected parts

Create text with leader line

Create text

Create text along line

Create text along line, arrow at start point

Create associative note with leader line

Create associative note without leader line

Create associative note along line

Create symbol

Create level mark

Create weld symbol

Draw a line

Draw a rectangle

Draw a circle

Draw an arc by 3 points

Draw a polyline

Draw a polygon

Draw a cloud

Remove all dimension point invalidity symbols

Remove all dimension point change symbols

Remove all mark change symbols

Remove all associative note change symbols

The Snap settings toolbar contains commands for picking different positions and points.

commands for picking different positions and points. • Snap to points and grid intersections • Snap

Snap to points and grid intersections

Snap to end points

Snap to center points

Snap to mid points

Snap to intersection points

Snap to perpendicular points

Select

Snap to nearest points

Snap to reference and geometry lines of drawing objects

Snap to any position

Snap to reference lines/points

Snap to geometry lines/points

Select if you want to snap to positions in 3D space or on view plane

Select if you want to snap to positions on the view plane or on the work plane

The Select toolbar contains commands for selecting objects.

Select toolbar contains commands for selecting objects. • Select all • Select drawing lines • Select

Select all

Select drawing lines

Select drawing texts

Select drawing marks

Select drawing parts

Select drawing section symbols

Select drawing welds

Select drawing views

Select drawing dimensions

Select drawing single dimension

Select grid

Select grid line

Select details

1.4 Using commands

See also

As you become familiar with Tekla Structures, you will notice that there are several ways you can use to get a desired result. Here we will introduce some of the most common ones.

Executing commands (p. 28)

Selecting objects in drawings (p. 29)

Creating objects (p. 30)

Modifying objects (p. 31)

Copying and moving drawing objects (p. 376)

Using commands simultaneously (p. 31)

Ending commands (p. 31)

Executing commands

There are several ways to execute commands in Tekla Structures.

Icon

You can use icons:

Single-click an icon just to execute the command.

Double-click an icon to display the properties of the object type, and to execute the command.

Pull-down menu

You can execute commands using pull-down menus. Tekla Structures Drawing Editor contains the following menus:

With the commands in the Drawing File menu you can open, save, print, and export drawings, set drawing properties and access model folder and reference models.

The Edit menu contains basic editing commands, such as move, copy, delete, interrupt, undo, redo and repeat the last command. It also allows you to access the selection filters, trim lines, split and divide objects, and adjust reinforcing bars.

With the commands in the View menu you can create and adjust drawing views, arrange drawing objects, hide, show, zoom, move, and update views, and modify view properties. It also allows you to access model views.

The Dimensioning menu contains all dimensioning commands.

With the commands in the Annotating menu you can add all kinds of marks, text, associative notes, links, and symbols, and remove change symbols.

The Shapes menu contains commands for drawing different kinds of shapes and adding patches.

The Tools menu contains commands that support your work allowing you to modify what is displayed on the user interface and how Tekla Structures works. This menu contains several on/off switches for certain features.

With the commands in the Windows menu you can adjust how windows are displayed on the screen, and open another window.

The Help menu allows you to access the online help, other support material, Tekla web pages and Extranet, and contact Tekla for support.

Pop-up menu

A pop-up menu appears when you click the right mouse button. If you have an object selected, the commands on the pop-up menu relate to that object.

If you switch on the Select on Right Click command in the Tools > Options

If you switch on the Select on Right Click command in the Tools > Options, you do not have to click the object first to display the related pop-up menu with a right-click.

Selecting objects in drawings

Selection filter

To use Tekla Structures effectively, you need to know how to select objects and use select switches.

Selection filter settings affect which objects you can select. To create a selection filter and use it in the drawing:

1. Click Edit > Selection Filter to open the Selection filter dialog box.

2. Find a filter which has close to the same settings as you need.

3. Modify the settings, then enter a new name in the Save as box.

4. Click Save as, then Apply.

You can now select objects in your drawing according to the selection filter you specified.

Select switches

Select switches control which object types can be selected. The select switches in the Drawing Editor work in the same way as the onesin the Model Editor, but the actual switches differ. The following select switches are available in the Drawing Editor:

Icon

Object

Description

All   Turns all switches on. You can select all object types, except for single bolts.

 

Turns all switches on. You can select all object types, except for single bolts.

Lines etc.   You can select additional drawing objects, i.e. lines, arcs, circles, rectangles, polylines, and polygons.

 

You can select additional drawing objects, i.e. lines, arcs, circles, rectangles, polylines, and polygons.

Text   You can select any text in drawings.

 

You can select any text in drawings.

Marks   You can select part, bolt, and connection marks.

 

You can select part, bolt, and connection marks.

Drawing parts   You can select parts in drawings, i.e. columns, beams, plates, etc.

 

You can select parts in drawings, i.e. columns, beams, plates, etc.

Section symbols   You can select section symbols.

 

You can select section symbols.

Welds   You can select welds.

 

You can select welds.

Views   You can select drawing views.

 

You can select drawing views.

Dimensions   You can select an entire group of dimensions by selecting one dimension in the

 

You can select an entire group of dimensions by selecting one dimension in the group.

Single dimensions   You can select single dimensions.

 

You can select single dimensions.

Grids   You can select grids.

 

You can select grids.

Single grid lines   You can select single grid lines.

 

You can select single grid lines.

Details   You can select details.

 

You can select details.

Selecting objects

Creating objects

Example

To create an object, or multiple objects:

Open the properties dialog box for the object and define the object properties.

Place the object(s) in the model.

You can carry out the above steps in any order.

To create objects:

1. Double-click the icon of the object you want to create. Tekla Structures displays the properties dialog box.

Example

2. Enter or modify the object properties.

3. Click Apply or OK.

4. Pick points to place the object(s).

To position objects without defining their properties first:

1. Click an icon, or a menu command.

2. Pick points to place the object(s). Tekla Structures creates the object using the current properties for the object. See also Modifying objects (p. 31).

To create several objects with the same properties, pick multiple points. The drawing object commands

To create several objects with the same properties, pick multiple points. The drawing object commands in Tekla Structures run until you end them or use another command. See also Ending commands (p. 31).

Modifying objects

Example

To modify the properties of an object, or multiple objects:

Select the object(s) to modify.

Open the properties dialog box and modify the object properties.

You can carry out the above steps in any order.

To modify objects:

1. Double-click one of the objects you want to modify to open the object properties dialog box.

2. Modify the properties.

3. Select the remaining object(s) to modify.

4. Click Modify.

For information on how to resize and move objects, see Dragging, reshaping, and resizing drawing objects (p. 375) and Copying and moving drawing objects (p. 376).

Using commands simultaneously

Transparency

You can use some Tekla Structures commands transparently. This means that you can execute these commands while another command is still running. For example, the zooming commands are transparent.

Ending commands

To cancel or end commands, do one of the following:

Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu.

Press the Esc key.

On the Edit menu, click Interrupt.

1.5 Drawing types

This section explains the different drawing types available in Tekla Structures. The drawing types are:

Single-part drawing (p. 32)

Assembly drawing (p. 32)

Cast unit drawing (p. 35)

General arrangement drawing (p. 35)

Multidrawing (p. 36)

See also Creating drawings (p. 48)

Single-part drawing

Single-part drawings are workshop drawings which show the fabrication information for one part (usually without welds).

Single-part drawing usually use small sheet sizes, for example A4 or imperial standard size 8.5" x 11.5".

example A4 or imperial standard size 8.5" x 11.5". See also Master Drawing Catalog (p. 49)

See also

Master Drawing Catalog (p. 49)

Creating single-part or assembly drawings (p. 70)

Assembly drawing

Assembly drawings are typically workshop drawings showing fabrication information for one assembly. In most cases, an assembly consists of single parts that are either bolted or welded to a main part.

Assembly drawings usually use larger sheet sizes than single-part drawings, for example A3 or imperial standard size 11" x 17".

You can also create assembly drawings from nested assemblies. Assembly drawing of a nested assembly,

You can also create assembly drawings from nested assemblies.

You can also create assembly drawings from nested assemblies. Assembly drawing of a nested assembly, a

Assembly drawing of a nested assembly, a whole trussYou can also create assembly drawings from nested assemblies. Assembly drawing of a sub-assembly, a part

Assembly drawing of a sub-assembly, a part of the same trussnested assemblies. Assembly drawing of a nested assembly, a whole truss TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Introduction to

Assembly drawing of a nested assembly Assembly drawing of one of the sub- assemblies in

Assembly drawing of a nested assemblyAssembly drawing of one of the sub- assemblies in that nested assembly See also You

Assembly drawing of one of the sub-assemblies in that nested assembly assemblies in that nested assembly

See also

You can define the visibility, content, and appearance of the marks of nested assemblies in assembly drawings. You can also select whether to show the part marks for sub-assembly parts.

Master Drawing Catalog (p. 49)

Creating single-part or assembly drawings (p. 70)

Cast unit drawing

Cast unit drawings are dimensional, formwork, or reinforcement drawings used in concrete design and construction. They include cast-in embeds (steel parts or assemblies added to cast units).

Cast unit drawings that show cast-in-place concrete structures usually use large sheet sizes, for example A1 or imperial standard size 24" x 36". Drawings that show precast structures usually use smaller sheet sizes, for example A3 or imperial standard size 11" x 17".

for example A3 or imperial standard size 11" x 17". See also Master Drawing Catalog (p.

See also

Master Drawing Catalog (p. 49)

Creating cast unit drawings (p. 71)

General arrangement drawing

Create general arrangement (GA) drawings when you need:

Several views on one drawing, including the entire model or a part of it

Erection, marking, or anchor bolt plans

Information from model views, including 3D views

See also Multidrawing Master Drawing Catalog (p. 49) See also Creating general arrangement drawings (p.

See also

Multidrawing

Master Drawing Catalog (p. 49)

See also Creating general arrangement drawings (p. 72).

Multidrawings are workshop drawings which gather together several single-part or assembly drawings on one sheet.

Create multidrawings when you want to:

Have more than one assembly on a sheet

Collect multiple single-part drawings on a large sheet

Multidrawings usually demand large sheet sizes such as A1 or imperial standard size 24" x 36".

sheet sizes such as A1 or imperial standard size 24" x 36". 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15

See also Creating multi-drawings (p. 78).

1.6 Three levels of editing drawings

You can edit drawings on three levels.

Drawing

On the highest level, you can change the drawing properties, which changes all the objects in the drawing. You can change the drawing properties for more than one drawing using the Drawing List and drawing properties dialog boxes. You can also change the properties of the currently open drawing in the Drawing Editor. When you save the drawing property settings in property files, you can also use these property files when you are creating drawings through

Master Drawing Catalog.

properties