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Today we will be discussing the effect that the division of Africa had on the African continent

Our focus today is on

short-term effects. We will cover long-term effects tomorrow.

Today you are going to examine primary source documents for each of the following: Expansion of European Influence Mistreatment of natives
Slavery Beatings Killings

Native uprising
Maji Maji Rebellion Zulu War

EQ: What were the short term effects of the Division of Africa?

Throughout Africa, European powers sought raw materials.


Cotton, rubber, ivory, minerals

European powers treated native workers brutally.


Forced labor Mutilation
CFU: Write / Pair / Share What benefit do European industries get from this forced labor? Justify your response.

Beatings

EQ: What were the short term effects of the Division of Africa?

Under the control of Belgiums King Leopold II (1865-1909), millions of Africans in the Congo faced especially brutal treatment. European slave supervisors had to ensure their African slaves produced huge quantities of rubber. If the slaves did not produce enough, supervisors were required to cut off their hands as punishment.
CFU: Write / Pair / Share Do you think this method was effective in making people work harder? Justify your response.

EQ: What were the short term effects of the Division of Africa?

Since Europeans had such strong economic interests in most parts of Africa, they wanted to make sure local leaders acted properly.

Europeans appointed leaders who would not interfere with their plunder of raw materials.
CFU: Think / Pair / Share 1) What do you think acting properly meant? 2) What do you think happened if local leaders did not act properly?

EQ: What were the short term effects of the Division of Africa?

After facing brutal treatment and powerlessness, Africans in German East Africa rebelled in 1905.
Natives armed themselves with spears and poisoned arrows.

They burned cotton fields and destroyed German forts.

CFU: Think / Pair / Share 1) Do you think the Natives were successful in taking back control of their land? Justify your response.

EQ: What were the short term effects of the Division of Africa?

Even though many Africans supported their goals, the rebels could not overcome the Germans. Germans fought back, using their machine guns to kill 389 African soldiers. Germans also destroyed wells, livestock, and food stores. The famine that followed killed between 100,000 and 300,000 natives.

CFU: Write-Pair-Share: 1) How do you think the outcome of the Maji Maji Rebellion affected Africans willingness to rebel against Europeans. Justify your response.

EQ: What were the short term effects of the Division of Africa?

British attempted to gain control of the remaining independent areas of southern Africa.

The Zulu tribe stood up to the British, winning several battles.


After the British began to use machine guns, the Zulu proved to be no match and the British gained control of all of South Africa.

CFU: Think / Pair / Share Make a prediction of the long-term impacts of the Zulu War. Based on _____________, I predict long-term impacts of the Zulu War include _____________.

"Mzungu Aende Ulaya, Mwafrika Apate Uhuru - Swahili


"Let the European go back to Europe,

Let the African regain Independence

A movement in the 1950s in Kenya


Goal was to return the people to the

way that things were before the British were in Africa Over 1800 Africans killed, a few hundred British were killed

Ultimately, the uprising was stopped -- but led to the independence of Kenya a short while later.

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