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Figure 23.4 (a) The charged object on the left induces charges on the surface of an insulato r ss verify http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/pc1221_07/ http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/pc1221_13/ http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/archive.htm genel fi zik1-2 http://web.njit.edu/~kenahn/course.htm fizik1, statik, dinamik

http://faculty.bracu.ac.bd/~kaiser/electricity.html http://faculty.bracu.ac.bd/~kaiser/phy111.html http://physics.ucsd.edu/~tmurphy/phys10/lectures/ fizik~ http://spot.pcc.edu/~azable/index.htm zik2http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/pc1221_07/ http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/pc1221_13/ http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/archive.htm zik1-2 http://web.njit.edu/~kenahn/course.htm -

fizik2 fizik1 kark genel genel fi genel fi

fizik1, statik, dinamik

http://faculty.bracu.ac.bd/~kaiser/electricity.html http://faculty.bracu.ac.bd/~kaiser/phy111.html http://physics.ucsd.edu/~tmurphy/phys10/lectures/ fizik~ http://spot.pcc.edu/~azable/index.htm zik2http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/pc1221_07/ http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/pc1221_13/ http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/archive.htm zik1-2 http://web.njit.edu/~kenahn/course.htm -

fizik2 fizik1 kark genel genel fi genel fi

fizik1, statik, dinamik

http://faculty.bracu.ac.bd/~kaiser/electricity.html http://faculty.bracu.ac.bd/~kaiser/phy111.html http://physics.ucsd.edu/~tmurphy/phys10/lectures/ fizik~ http://spot.pcc.edu/~azable/index.htm zik2http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/pc1221_07/ http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/pc1221_13/ http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/archive.htm zik1-2 http://web.njit.edu/~kenahn/course.htm -

fizik2 fizik1 kark genel genel fi genel fi

fizik1, statik, dinamik

http://faculty.bracu.ac.bd/~kaiser/electricity.html http://faculty.bracu.ac.bd/~kaiser/phy111.html http://physics.ucsd.edu/~tmurphy/phys10/lectures/ fizik~ http://spot.pcc.edu/~azable/index.htm zik2http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/pc1221_07/ http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/pc1221_13/ http://www.physics.nus.edu.sg/~phytaysc/archive.htm zik1-2 http://web.njit.edu/~kenahn/course.htm -

fizik2 fizik1 kark genel genel fi genel fi

fizik1, statik, dinamik

http://faculty.bracu.ac.bd/~kaiser/electricity.html http://faculty.bracu.ac.bd/~kaiser/phy111.html http://physics.ucsd.edu/~tmurphy/phys10/lectures/ fizik~ http://spot.pcc.edu/~azable/index.htm zik2 dert

fizik2 fizik1 kark genel genel fi

Example In the given picture below, Alice throws the ball to the +X direction wi th an initial velocity 10m/s. Time elapsed during the motion is 5s, calculate th e height that object is thrown and Vy component of the velocity after it hits th e ground. 1.2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text,

will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the derivation? (e) Do the equations have useful solutions? (f) How well do the solutions describe the process? That is, what is the experimental basis for the theories? (g) Which processes are poorly understood? Which are well understood? 2. What are the sources of information about physical variables? (a) What instruments are used for measuring each variable? (b) What are their accuracy and limitations? (c) What historic data exist? (d) What platforms are used? Satellites, ships, drifters, moorings? 3. What processes are important? Some important process we will study include: (a) Heat storage and transport in the ocean. (b) The exchange of heat with the atmosphere and the role of the ocean in climate. (c) Wind and thermal forcing of the surface mixed layer. (d) The wind-driven circulation including the Ekman circulation, Ekman ert Example In the given picture below, Alice throws the ball to the +X direction wi th an initial velocity 10m/s. Time elapsed during the motion is 5s, calculate th e height that object is thrown and Vy component of the velocity after it hits th e ground. 1.2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the derivation? (e) Do the equations have useful solutions?

(f) How well do the solutions describe the process? That is, what is the experimental basis for the theories? (g) Which processes are poorly understood? Which are well understood? 2. What are the sources of information about physical variables? (a) What instruments are used for measuring each variable? (b) What are their accuracy and limitations? (c) What historic data exist? (d) What platforms are used? Satellites, ships, drifters, moorings? 3. What processes are important? Some important process we will study include: (a) Heat storage and transport in the ocean. (b) The exchange of heat with the atmosphere and the role of the ocean in climate. (c) Wind and thermal forcing of the surface mixed layer. (d) The wind-driven circulation including the Ekman circulation, Ekman

2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to descrert Example In the given picture below, Alice throws the ball to the +X direction wi th an initial velocity 10m/s. Time elapsed during the motion is 5s, calculate th e height that object is thrown and Vy component of the velocity after it hits th e ground. 1.2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the derivation? (e) Do the equations have useful solutions? (f) How well do the solutions describe the process? That is, what is the experimental basis for the theories? (g) Which processes are poorly understood? Which are well understood? 2. What are the sources of information about physical variables? (a) What instruments are used for measuring each variable? (b) What are their accuracy and limitations?

(c) What historic data exist? (d) What platforms are used? Satellites, ships, drifters, moorings? 3. What processes are important? Some important process we will study include: (a) Heat storage and transport in the ocean. (b) The exchange of heat with the atmosphere and the role of the ocean in climate. (c) Wind and thermal forcing of the surface mixed layer. (d) The wind-driven circulation including the Ekman circulation, Ekman

2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to descrert Example In the given picture below, Alice throws the ball to the +X direction wi th an initial velocity 10m/s. Time elapsed during the motion is 5s, calculate th e height that object is thrown and Vy component of the velocity after it hits th e ground. 1.2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the derivation? (e) Do the equations have useful solutions? (f) How well do the solutions describe the process? That is, what is the experimental basis for the theories? (g) Which processes are poorly understood? Which are well understood? 2. What are the sources of information about physical variables? (a) What instruments are used for measuring each variable? (b) What are their accuracy and limitations? (c) What historic data exist? (d) What platforms are used? Satellites, ships, drifters, moorings? 3. What processes are important? Some important process we will study include: (a) Heat storage and transport in the ocean. (b) The exchange of heat with the atmosphere and the role of the ocean

in climate. (c) Wind and thermal forcing of the surface mixed layer. (d) The wind-driven circulation including the Ekman circulation, Ekman

2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to descrert Example In the given picture below, Alice throws the ball to the +X direction wi th an initial velocity 10m/s. Time elapsed during the motion is 5s, calculate th e height that object is thrown and Vy component of the velocity after it hits th e ground. 1.2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the derivation? (e) Do the equations have useful solutions? (f) How well do the solutions describe the process? That is, what is the experimental basis for the theories? (g) Which processes are poorly understood? Which are well understood? 2. What are the sources of information about physical variables? (a) What instruments are used for measuring each variable? (b) What are their accuracy and limitations? (c) What historic data exist? (d) What platforms are used? Satellites, ships, drifters, moorings? 3. What processes are important? Some important process we will study include: (a) Heat storage and transport in the ocean. (b) The exchange of heat with the atmosphere and the role of the ocean in climate. (c) Wind and thermal forcing of the surface mixed layer. (d) The wind-driven circulation including the Ekman circulation, Ekman

2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to descrert Example In the given picture below, Alice throws the ball to the +X direction wi th an initial velocity 10m/s. Time elapsed during the motion is 5s, calculate th e height that object is thrown and Vy component of the velocity after it hits th e ground. 1.2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the derivation? (e) Do the equations have useful solutions? (f) How well do the solutions describe the process? That is, what is the experimental basis for the theories? (g) Which processes are poorly understood? Which are well understood? 2. What are the sources of information about physical variables? (a) What instruments are used for measuring each variable? (b) What are their accuracy and limitations? (c) What historic data exist? (d) What platforms are used? Satellites, ships, drifters, moorings? 3. What processes are important? Some important process we will study include: (a) Heat storage and transport in the ocean. (b) The exchange of heat with the atmosphere and the role of the ocean in climate. (c) Wind and thermal forcing of the surface mixed layer. (d) The wind-driven circulation including the Ekman circulation, Ekman

2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that

form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to descrert Example In the given picture below, Alice throws the ball to the +X direction wi th an initial velocity 10m/s. Time elapsed during the motion is 5s, calculate th e height that object is thrown and Vy component of the velocity after it hits th e ground. 1.2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the derivation? (e) Do the equations have useful solutions? (f) How well do the solutions describe the process? That is, what is the experimental basis for the theories? (g) Which processes are poorly understood? Which are well understood? 2. What are the sources of information about physical variables? (a) What instruments are used for measuring each variable? (b) What are their accuracy and limitations? (c) What historic data exist? (d) What platforms are used? Satellites, ships, drifters, moorings? 3. What processes are important? Some important process we will study include: (a) Heat storage and transport in the ocean. (b) The exchange of heat with the atmosphere and the role of the ocean in climate. (c) Wind and thermal forcing of the surface mixed layer. (d) The wind-driven circulation including the Ekman circulation, Ekman

2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to descrert

Example In the given picture below, Alice throws the ball to the +X direction wi th an initial velocity 10m/s. Time elapsed during the motion is 5s, calculate th e height that object is thrown and Vy component of the velocity after it hits th e ground. 1.2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the derivation? (e) Do the equations have useful solutions? (f) How well do the solutions describe the process? That is, what is the experimental basis for the theories? (g) Which processes are poorly understood? Which are well understood? 2. What are the sources of information about physical variables? (a) What instruments are used for measuring each variable? (b) What are their accuracy and limitations? (c) What historic data exist? (d) What platforms are used? Satellites, ships, drifters, moorings? 3. What processes are important? Some important process we will study include: (a) Heat storage and transport in the ocean. (b) The exchange of heat with the atmosphere and the role of the ocean in climate. (c) Wind and thermal forcing of the surface mixed layer. (d) The wind-driven circulation including the Ekman circulation, Ekman

2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to descrert Example In the given picture below, Alice throws the ball to the +X direction wi th an initial velocity 10m/s. Time elapsed during the motion is 5s, calculate th e height that object is thrown and Vy component of the velocity after it hits th e ground. 1.2 Goals

At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the derivation? (e) Do the equations have useful solutions? (f) How well do the solutions describe the process? That is, what is the experimental basis for the theories? (g) Which processes are poorly understood? Which are well understood? 2. What are the sources of information about physical variables? (a) What instruments are used for measuring each variable? (b) What are their accuracy and limitations? (c) What historic data exist? (d) What platforms are used? Satellites, ships, drifters, moorings? 3. What processes are important? Some important process we will study include: (a) Heat storage and transport in the ocean. (b) The exchange of heat with the atmosphere and the role of the ocean in climate. (c) Wind and thermal forcing of the surface mixed layer. (d) The wind-driven circulation including the Ekman circulation, Ekman

2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to descrert Example In the given picture below, Alice throws the ball to the +X direction wi th an initial velocity 10m/s. Time elapsed during the motion is 5s, calculate th e height that object is thrown and Vy component of the velocity after it hits th e ground. 1.2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89).

More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the derivation? (e) Do the equations have useful solutions? (f) How well do the solutions describe the process? That is, what is the experimental basis for the theories? (g) Which processes are poorly understood? Which are well understood? 2. What are the sources of information about physical variables? (a) What instruments are used for measuring each variable? (b) What are their accuracy and limitations? (c) What historic data exist? (d) What platforms are used? Satellites, ships, drifters, moorings? 3. What processes are important? Some important process we will study include: (a) Heat storage and transport in the ocean. (b) The exchange of heat with the atmosphere and the role of the ocean in climate. (c) Wind and thermal forcing of the surface mixed layer. (d) The wind-driven circulation including the Ekman circulation, Ekman

2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to descrert Example In the given picture below, Alice throws the ball to the +X direction wi th an initial velocity 10m/s. Time elapsed during the motion is 5s, calculate th e height that object is thrown and Vy component of the velocity after it hits th e ground. 1.2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean?

(a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the derivation? (e) Do the equations have useful solutions? (f) How well do the solutions describe the process? That is, what is the experimental basis for the theories? (g) Which processes are poorly understood? Which are well understood? 2. What are the sources of information about physical variables? (a) What instruments are used for measuring each variable? (b) What are their accuracy and limitations? (c) What historic data exist? (d) What platforms are used? Satellites, ships, drifters, moorings? 3. What processes are important? Some important process we will study include: (a) Heat storage and transport in the ocean. (b) The exchange of heat with the atmosphere and the role of the ocean in climate. (c) Wind and thermal forcing of the surface mixed layer. (d) The wind-driven circulation including the Ekman circulation, Ekman

2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to descrert Example In the given picture below, Alice throws the ball to the +X direction wi th an initial velocity 10m/s. Time elapsed during the motion is 5s, calculate th e height that object is thrown and Vy component of the velocity after it hits th e ground. 1.2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the derivation? (e) Do the equations have useful solutions?

(f) How well do the solutions describe the process? That is, what is the experimental basis for the theories? (g) Which processes are poorly understood? Which are well understood? 2. What are the sources of information about physical variables? (a) What instruments are used for measuring each variable? (b) What are their accuracy and limitations? (c) What historic data exist? (d) What platforms are used? Satellites, ships, drifters, moorings? 3. What processes are important? Some important process we will study include: (a) Heat storage and transport in the ocean. (b) The exchange of heat with the atmosphere and the role of the ocean in climate. (c) Wind and thermal forcing of the surface mixed layer. (d) The wind-driven circulation including the Ekman circulation, Ekman

2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to descrert Example In the given picture below, Alice throws the ball to the +X direction wi th an initial velocity 10m/s. Time elapsed during the motion is 5s, calculate th e height that object is thrown and Vy component of the velocity after it hits th e ground. 1.2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the derivation? (e) Do the equations have useful solutions? (f) How well do the solutions describe the process? That is, what is the experimental basis for the theories? (g) Which processes are poorly understood? Which are well understood? 2. What are the sources of information about physical variables? (a) What instruments are used for measuring each variable? (b) What are their accuracy and limitations?

(c) What historic data exist? (d) What platforms are used? Satellites, ships, drifters, moorings? 3. What processes are important? Some important process we will study include: (a) Heat storage and transport in the ocean. (b) The exchange of heat with the atmosphere and the role of the ocean in climate. (c) Wind and thermal forcing of the surface mixed layer. (d) The wind-driven circulation including the Ekman circulation, Ekman

2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to descr

2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the der2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived?

(d) What approximations were used in the der2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the der2 Goals At the most basic level, I hope you, the students who are reading this text, will become aware of some of the major conceptual schemes (or theories) that form the foundation of physical oceanography, how they were arrived at, and why they are widely accepted, how oceanographers achieve order out of a random ocean, and the role of experiment in oceanography (to paraphrase Shamos, 1995: p. 89). More particularly, I expect you will be able to describe physical processes influencing the ocean and coastal regions: the interaction of the ocean with the atmosphere, and the distribution of oceanic winds, currents, heat fluxes, and water masses. The text emphasizes ideas rather than mathematical techniques. I will try to answer such questions as: 1. What is the basis of our understanding of physics of the ocean? (a) What are the physical properties of sea water? (b) What are the important thermodynamic and dynamic processes influencing the ocean? (c) What equations describe the processes and how were they derived? (d) What approximations were used in the der