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Preliminary Report

U.S. and State Data


AC-12-A-PR

Issued February 2014

United States Department of Agriculture


Tom Vilsack, Secretary
National Agricultural Statistics Service
Cynthia Z.F. Clark, Administrator

Contents

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................

Page
V

TABLES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 .......................
Women Principal Operators Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 ............................................................................................
Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators Selected Operation
and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 ......................................................................
American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators Selected Operation
and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 .....................................................................
Asian Principal Operators Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 ............................................................................................
Black or African American Principal Operators Selected Operation and
Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 .............................................................................

1
18
35
52
69
86

APPENDIX
Census of Agriculture Methodology............................................................................................ A - 1

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Contents III

Introduction
The success of the census of agriculture is directly
dependent upon the participation of Americas farmers
and ranchers, and we are grateful for every agricultural
operator who furnished the information requested.
Completing the census report form was a way for
producers to have their voices heard and to impact the
future of Americas agriculture. The data reported in the
2012 Census of Agriculture provide the agricultural
community, government representatives, public and
private sector analysts, educators, and others access to
high-quality statistics.
This preliminary 2012 Census of Agriculture report
includes selected data for farmers, ranchers, and their
operations for each State and the Nation. Responses were
summarized at the state, and national level and no
individual farm data are revealed. A comprehensive
census review of all items to the county level is
continuing, therefore the data in this preliminary report
are subject to change when final census results are
released. Finalized data are scheduled for release in May
2014. An announcement will be made on USDAs
National Agricultural Statistics Services website
www.nass.usda.gov
and
the
census
website
www.agcensus.usda.gov.

The six tables in this report provide preliminary 2012 and


comparable 2007 data, including coefficients of variation
or CVs for 2012. Selected data include number of farms,
land in farms, market value of agricultural products sold,
and government payments for all farms by the following
principal operator categories: women; Spanish, Hispanic,
or Latino origin; American Indian or Alaska Native;
Asian; and Black or African American. The tables also
include demographic data about the principal operators by
gender, primary occupation, number of years on the
present farm, average age and number of operators by age
group, Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino ethnicity, and race.
The appendix provides information about the data
collection and data processing activities and discusses the
statistical methodology used in conducting and evaluating
the census.

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

General Terms
The following definitions and explanations apply to the
terms and phrases used in this publication.
American Indian and Alaska Native farm operators.
Operators of American Indian and Alaska Native race
operating on or off of an Indian reservation. For most
reservations, the individual operators were added to the
census mail list. Those reservations that did not include
all the individual operators on the census mail list were
identified and the data for the entire reservation, including
the data for the operators that would have met the
definition of a farm, were collected on one report form.
Economic class of farms. Economic class data are the
classification of farms by the sum of market value of
agricultural products sold and federal farm program
payments.
Farm. The census definition of a farm is any place from
which $1,000 or more of agricultural products were
produced and sold, or normally would have been sold,
during the census year.
Government payments. This category consists of direct
payments as defined by the 2008 Farm Bill; payments
from Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), Wetlands
Reserve Program (WRP), Farmable Wetlands Program
(FWP), and Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program
(CREP); loan deficiency payments; disaster payments;
other conservation programs; and all other federal farm
programs under which payments were made directly to
farm operators. Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC)
proceeds, amount from State and local government
agricultural program payments, and federal crop
insurance payments were not tabulated in this category.
Land in farms. The acreage designated as land in
farms consists primarily of agricultural land used for
crops, pasture, or grazing. It also includes woodland and
wasteland not actually under cultivation or used for
pasture or grazing, provided it was part of the farm
operators total operation. Land in farms includes land in

Introduction V

conservation programs, including the Conservation


Reserve Program, Wetlands Reserve Program, Farmable
Wetlands Program, and Conservation Reserve
Enhancement Program.
Land in farms is an operating unit concept and includes
land owned and operated as well as land rented from
others. Land used rent free was reported as land rented
from others. All grazing land, except land used under
government permits on a per-head basis, was included as
land in farms provided it was part of a farm or ranch.
Land under the exclusive use of a grazing association was
reported by the grazing association and included as land
in farms. All land in American Indian reservations used
for growing crops, grazing livestock, or the potential of
grazing livestock was included as land in farms. Land in
reservations not reported by reservation, individual
American Indians or non-Native Americans was reported
in the name of the cooperative group that used the land.
In many instances, an entire American Indian reservation
was reported as one farm.
Market value of agricultural products sold. This
category represents the gross market value before taxes
and production expenses of all agricultural products sold
or removed from the place in 2012 regardless of who
received the payment. It is equivalent to total sales and it
includes sales by the operators as well as the value of any
shares received by partners, landlords, contractors, or
others associated with the operation. It includes value of
direct sales and the value of commodities placed in the
Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) loan program.
Market value of agricultural products sold does not
include payments received for participation in other
federal farm programs. Also, it does not include income
from farm-related sources such as custom work and other
agricultural services, or income from nonfarm sources.
The value of crops sold in 2012 does not necessarily
represent the sales from crops harvested in 2012. Data
may include sales from crops produced in earlier years
and may exclude some crops produced in 2012 but held
in storage and not sold. For commodities such as
sugarbeets and wool sold through a co-op that made
payments in several installments, respondents were
requested to report the total value received in 2012. The
value of agricultural products sold was requested of all
operators.
If the operators failed to report this
information, estimates were made based on the amount of
crops harvested, livestock or poultry inventory, or number
sold. Caution should be used when comparing sales in the
2012 census with sales reported in earlier censuses. Sales
figures are expressed in current dollars and have not been
adjusted for inflation or deflation.

VI Introduction

Operator. The term operator designates a person who


operates a farm, either doing the work or making day-today decisions about such things as planting, harvesting,
feeding, and marketing. The operator may be the owner, a
member of the owners household, a hired manager, a
tenant, a renter, or a sharecropper. If a person rents land
to others or has land worked on shares by others, he/she is
considered the operator only of the land which is retained
for his/her own operation. The census collected
information on the total number of operators, the total
number of women operators, and demographic
information for up to three operators per farm.
Primary occupation of operator. Data on primary
occupation were obtained from operators. The primary
occupation classifications used were:
Farming or ranch work. The operator spent 50-percent
or more of his/her work time during 2012 at farming or
ranching.
Other. The operator spent less than 50-percent of his/her
work time during 2012 in farming or ranching operations.

Principal operator. The person primarily responsible


for the on-site, day-to-day operations of the farm or ranch
business. This person may be a hired manager or business
manager.

Race of operator. Data, except for Hawaii, were


collected for American Indian (included Alaska Native),
Asian, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian and
Other Pacific Islander, and White. Respondents were
asked to mark one or more of the race categories. In
Hawaii operator race data were collected for American
Indian (included Alaska Native), Chinese, Filipino,
Japanese, Korean, Other Asian, Black or African
American, Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, and
White. The combination of Native Hawaiian and Other
Pacific Islander is equivalent to the Native Hawaiian or
Other Pacific Islander category on the other forms. The
combination of the Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean,
and Other Asian categories is equivalent to the Asian
category on the other forms.
Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin. Operators of
Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin are found in all of the
racial groups listed in the census and were tabulated
according to the race reported, as well as in the table
pertaining only to this group.

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Abbreviations and Symbols


The following abbreviations and symbols are used
throughout the tables:

Represents zero.

(D)

Withheld to avoid disclosing data for


individual farms.

(H)

Coefficient of variation of
estimate is greater than 99.9 percent.

(L)

Coefficient of variation of
estimate is less than 0.05 percent.

(NA) Not available.


(X)

Not applicable.

(Z)

Less than half of the unit shown.

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Introduction VII

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
United States

Alabama

2012
Item
Total

Alaska

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ...................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

2,109,363
914,603,026
434
80

1.6
0.9
1.2
(L)

2,204,792
922,095,840
418
80

43,228
8,905,236
206
75

4.1
3.1
1.7
3.3

48,753
9,033,537
185
70

762
833,861
1,094
33

1.8
0.2
1.8
20.8

686
881,585
1,285
60

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

223,642
589,571
634,056
346,062
142,549
173,483

6.1
2.2
1.1
2.4
1.8
1.1

232,849
620,283
660,530
368,368
149,713
173,049

2,919
13,267
16,079
7,242
2,230
1,491

9.8
4.7
3.5
3.4
10.5
4.0

3,374
16,215
17,808
7,612
2,235
1,509

247
181
145
103
37
49

4.2
3.1
1.5
2.1
7.3
(L)

165
164
156
111
38
52

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

394,646,980
187,093

2.0
2.0

297,220,491
134,807

5,574,379
128,953

8.0
8.0

4,415,550
90,570

58,925
77,329

0.8
1.9

57,019
83,119

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

212,403,631
182,243,350

1.6
2.8

143,657,928
153,562,563

1,314,943
4,259,436

6.2
8.6

676,987
3,738,563

24,857
34,068

1.6
0.2

24,749
32,271

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

8,053,137

1.0

7,983,922

88,158

5.0

124,692

2,432

4.9

1,645

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more .....................................................

1,578,758
275,687
173,284
81,634

1.9
1.4
1.3
3.3

1,709,509
278,173
159,818
57,292

36,703
2,580
2,459
1,486

4.4
3.5
24.4
22.4

42,493
2,422
2,527
1,311

627
90
33
12

2.3
3.0
(L)
(L)

554
93
28
11

Operators ............................................................ number

2,109,363

1.6

2,204,792

43,228

4.1

48,753

762

1.8

686

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

1,821,094
288,269

1.4
3.9

1,898,583
306,209

37,813
5,415

3.9
5.8

42,309
6,444

512
250

1.3
3.6

518
168

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

1,007,950
1,101,413

1.2
1.9

993,881
1,210,911

19,116
24,112

3.3
4.7

19,416
29,337

412
350

2.7
3.4

365
321

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

68,194
103,373
297,571
1,640,225

6.8
4.7
2.9
1.0

84,883
138,858
359,545
1,621,506

1,425
2,205
6,195
33,403

12.6
8.5
5.6
3.2

2,230
3,423
8,093
35,007

39
79
146
498

19.9
5.9
3.5
1.4

29
46
130
481

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

10,719
109,146
214,135
466,048
608,060
443,558
257,697

9.0
6.6
4.6
2.2
1.6
0.9
0.7

11,878
106,735
268,818
565,401
596,306
412,182
243,472

231
1,814
4,289
8,686
12,381
10,265
5,562

12.9
9.4
7.6
4.5
3.6
3.2
4.5

240
2,259
5,959
11,251
13,765
9,934
5,345

6
31
81
169
287
120
68

22.4
12.6
9.5
3.8
2.2
(L)
6.7

1
25
77
223
203
108
49

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

58.3

0.3

57.1

59.3

0.4

57.6

57.1

0.6

56.2

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

67,014

8.2

55,570

332

32.5

260

12

(L)

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

37,857
13,699
33,372
1,468
2,012,674
10,293

8.1
18.3
11.8
20.3
1.5
9.3

34,706
11,214
30,599
1,356
2,114,325
12,592

488
67
2,779
2
39,591
301

12.7
27.7
6.9
94.9
3.9
12.6

465
54
2,709
1
45,124
400

28
4
725
5

10.2
(L)
1.9
(L)

25
3
656
2
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 1

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Arizona

Arkansas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

California

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ....................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

20,012
26,249,462
1,312
5

24.3
9.0
10.8
46.5

15,637
26,117,899
1,670
4

45,072
13,810,826
306
97

6.1
3.2
4.7
7.1

49,346
13,872,862
281
80

77,864
25,571,821
328
20

10.0
5.7
6.9
(L)

81,033
25,364,695
313
20

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

11,911
4,087
1,519
882
513
1,100

24.2
22.5
98.1
36.0
33.5
33.2

9,873
2,657
1,221
626
436
824

1,918
11,948
16,631
8,722
2,598
3,255

21.7
8.6
17.8
9.5
68.2
17.9

2,581
15,119
16,916
8,590
2,959
3,181

24,637
25,811
13,058
6,649
3,235
4,474

16.8
7.3
8.2
7.0
8.8
7.4

25,278
28,080
12,939
7,014
3,267
4,455

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

3,732,367
186,506

11.1
13.0

3,234,552
206,852

9,775,776
216,892

6.1
6.1

7,508,806
152,166

42,612,577
547,269

1.7
8.9

33,885,064
418,164

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

2,076,822
1,655,546

19.7
4.1

1,913,014
1,321,538

4,834,879
4,940,898

5.6
6.6

2,900,973
4,607,833

30,366,812
12,245,765

2.2
2.4

22,903,021
10,982,043

Government payments .........................................$1,000

31,503

26.3

55,947

262,969

4.5

269,448

146,917

3.5

240,242

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more ....................................................

18,062
1,037
503
410

25.1
62.0
68.8
42.9

14,180
682
376
399

35,226
3,570
2,636
3,640

7.4
5.3
(H)
37.7

39,402
3,321
4,262
2,361

50,514
13,654
7,330
6,366

14.0
4.8
3.2
2.9

55,622
12,798
6,920
5,693

Operators ............................................................ number

20,012

24.3

15,637

45,072

6.1

49,346

77,864

10.0

81,033

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

12,177
7,835

27.6
21.4

9,617
6,020

39,587
5,485

6.0
9.3

43,015
6,331

63,880
13,984

9.3
13.9

66,068
14,965

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

13,220
6,792

21.1
31.2

9,553
6,084

21,315
23,757

5.0
7.6

21,960
27,386

42,479
35,385

8.0
12.6

40,910
40,123

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

612
884
2,355
16,161

63.2
52.0
37.8
19.6

523
1,029
2,677
11,408

1,550
2,394
6,724
34,404

14.3
10.8
8.4
5.2

2,452
4,066
8,686
34,142

3,151
4,639
12,863
57,211

26.0
24.3
13.5
7.4

3,793
6,780
16,286
54,174

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

136
425
1,472
3,999
5,922
4,838
3,220

49.5
(H)
50.9
30.4
21.1
17.4
16.7

80
679
1,732
3,677
3,975
3,351
2,143

192
2,401
4,958
9,787
12,434
10,205
5,095

13.6
11.5
9.8
6.1
5.4
5.5
5.2

222
2,736
6,695
11,960
13,506
9,499
4,728

253
2,968
6,255
15,948
23,387
18,154
10,899

23.2
25.0
19.7
12.8
8.2
7.3
6.6

292
2,466
8,279
20,672
24,194
15,488
9,642

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

61.0

4.7

58.5

58.1

0.4

56.5

60.1

0.8

58.4

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

716

(H)

806

509

20.3

395

9,816

10.8

9,118

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

11,190
97
25
8,628
72

19.9
(H)
(H)
35.9
67.0

8,436
64
40
8
7,042
47

507
354
1,064
42,866
281

20.7
16.5
16.3
6.0
17.9

448
315
1,152
2
46,945
484

1,192
4,820
345
321
70,526
660

15.9
20.3
25.9
20.4
9.8
23.9

1,178
3,684
320
183
75,021
647
--continued

2 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Colorado

Connecticut

2012
Item
Total

Delaware

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ...................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

36,180
31,886,676
881
90

3.4
2.4
2.5
9.8

37,054
31,604,911
853
109

5,977
436,406
73
22

19.1
13.4
6.0
11.4

4,916
405,616
83
27

2,457
508,654
207
35

30.0
12.2
16.3
37.0

2,546
510,253
200
31

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

4,251
10,008
8,187
4,939
2,930
5,865

14.8
5.5
3.3
3.7
7.3
3.7

4,276
9,359
8,476
5,501
3,185
6,257

1,772
2,400
1,316
379
67
43

29.4
18.7
10.3
44.5
15.6
8.5

1,232
1,894
1,287
400
63
40

447
948
539
283
92
148

20.4
43.4
36.0
25.6
18.6
10.7

651
802
568
280
99
146

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

7,777,150
214,957

2.6
2.8

6,061,134
163,576

550,600
92,120

5.8
10.8

551,553
112,195

1,283,472
522,374

5.5
17.7

1,083,035
425,387

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

2,434,554
5,342,595

5.2
1.5

1,981,399
4,079,735

389,098
161,502

6.9
6.0

401,372
150,181

429,323
854,149

8.0
4.9

210,635
872,400

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

165,576

2.6

155,980

4,718

6.2

4,122

9,631

9.9

8,896

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more .....................................................

28,089
4,644
2,488
959

3.9
7.1
3.3
3.9

29,334
4,835
2,120
765

5,262
451
172
92

21.0
10.0
5.3
3.7

4,182
460
178
96

1,280
300
503
374

45.3
33.8
17.3
16.6

1,436
254
449
407

Operators ............................................................ number

36,180

3.4

37,054

5,977

19.1

4,916

2,457

30.0

2,546

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

29,320
6,860

3.0
6.4

30,112
6,942

4,476
1,501

17.5
26.6

3,755
1,161

2,012
445

24.1
58.5

2,137
409

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

17,962
18,218

3.2
3.8

14,958
22,096

2,765
3,212

16.1
22.1

2,273
2,643

1,571
886

28.2
33.5

1,504
1,042

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

982
1,828
5,834
27,536

9.2
6.3
4.7
3.1

1,468
2,755
6,615
26,216

267
319
917
4,474

35.0
88.0
32.9
11.9

144
322
840
3,610

54
88
303
2,012

36.2
36.4
37.0
28.7

102
143
418
1,883

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

147
1,762
3,182
7,890
10,873
7,829
4,497

10.9
5.9
6.4
5.5
3.0
3.2
3.1

170
1,636
4,156
10,449
9,719
7,017
3,907

55
226
431
1,471
1,903
1,224
667

(H)
39.2
35.7
24.6
13.7
11.6
10.7

24
161
537
1,409
1,326
875
584

5
105
233
586
703
600
225

(H)
29.2
42.5
29.2
36.3
21.0
27.5

31
101
355
718
709
425
207

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

58.9

0.3

57.0

58.7

2.0

57.6

58.4

1.1

55.4

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

2,318

21.4

1,846

81

(H)

61

23

(H)

28

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

270
170
47
32
35,498
163

9.6
95.0
51.3
(H)
3.4
6.5

382
117
42
38
36,222
253

21
13
7
5,902
34

(H)
(H)
73.8
18.1
29.2

29
30
6
7
4,830
14

3
30
23
2,397
4

(H)
56.5
(H)
28.2
(H)

12
25
20
2,484
5
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 3

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Florida

Georgia

2012
Item
Total

Hawaii

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ....................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

47,740
9,548,342
200
20

11.3
3.9
7.8
(L)

47,463
9,231,570
195
20

42,257
9,620,836
228
70

3.7
2.1
3.0
4.1

47,846
10,150,539
212
67

7,013
1,163,152
166
5

11.4
6.8
8.7
19.0

7,521
1,121,329
149
5

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

11,742
21,013
8,764
3,528
1,259
1,434

20.0
11.2
8.6
6.4
7.4
5.3

12,184
20,680
8,543
3,461
1,225
1,370

3,025
13,834
14,671
6,334
2,284
2,109

8.5
4.4
4.2
3.0
3.4
2.8

3,504
16,243
16,244
7,432
2,470
1,953

4,419
1,756
481
172
57
128

12.6
9.4
13.6
15.3
22.8
11.2

4,813
1,972
423
154
44
115

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

7,703,719
161,368

2.1
9.0

7,785,228
164,027

9,255,125
219,020

1.7
3.6

7,112,866
148,662

666,139
94,986

4.0
8.6

513,626
68,292

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

5,969,404
1,734,315

2.4
3.1

6,256,228
1,529,000

3,670,455
5,584,670

1.5
2.4

2,142,270
4,970,596

540,683
125,455

4.7
7.1

429,916
83,711

Government payments .........................................$1,000

40,164

6.4

45,343

142,322

2.0

224,523

5,229

8.4

2,378

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more ....................................................

39,928
4,591
1,991
1,230

12.7
7.1
4.2
3.2

39,724
4,577
1,883
1,279

33,226
2,877
3,764
2,390

4.4
2.9
2.1
2.1

39,325
3,621
2,760
2,140

6,146
605
181
81

12.1
9.5
12.4
9.6

6,629
638
179
75

Operators ............................................................ number

47,740

11.3

47,463

42,257

3.7

47,846

7,013

11.4

7,521

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

37,745
9,995

11.3
12.0

37,034
10,429

35,853
6,404

3.8
3.6

40,314
7,532

5,437
1,576

12.1
9.8

5,715
1,806

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

22,902
24,838

10.0
12.5

20,904
26,559

19,858
22,399

2.8
4.5

20,106
27,740

3,653
3,360

10.8
12.2

3,861
3,660

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

1,559
2,842
8,685
34,654

24.8
19.7
15.3
9.2

2,199
4,026
10,153
31,085

1,397
2,255
6,331
32,274

9.2
7.8
5.5
3.0

1,998
3,686
8,551
33,611

291
418
1,338
4,966

20.7
16.3
14.3
9.9

406
672
1,642
4,801

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

135
1,529
4,094
10,793
13,658
11,196
6,335

48.6
20.6
19.2
13.1
9.9
9.8
9.1

89
1,540
5,278
11,993
13,290
9,387
5,886

153
1,689
3,649
8,343
12,264
10,458
5,701

9.9
8.3
5.9
5.4
3.0
2.9
3.5

176
2,062
5,510
11,304
13,820
9,767
5,207

8
185
488
1,393
2,539
1,507
893

54.2
25.9
22.7
16.0
10.2
7.2
7.3

14
198
626
1,886
2,703
1,228
866

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

59.8

0.7

58.4

59.9

0.3

57.8

60.4

0.8

58.6

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

4,459

39.6

3,161

443

22.4

365

383

14.5

442

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

386
829
1,481
48
44,793
203

20.7
36.0
16.9
49.2
11.0
20.1

349
612
1,269
69
44,881
283

127
239
1,986
12
39,736
157

12.7
12.1
8.9
44.4
3.5
9.9

334
235
2,072
5
45,014
186

32
2,835
18
689
2,751
688

24.3
12.9
25.8
18.0
10.6
18.7

41
2,544
10
625
3,627
674
--continued

4 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Idaho

Illinois

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Indiana

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ...................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

24,814
11,759,917
474
57

7.9
5.5
4.0
5.5

25,349
11,497,383
454
52

75,087
26,937,721
359
100

3.3
1.7
2.2
4.9

76,860
26,775,100
348
95

58,695
14,720,396
251
57

4.0
1.1
3.2
7.6

60,938
14,773,184
242
54

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

4,861
7,031
5,101
3,575
1,728
2,518

11.9
8.3
7.6
7.0
8.5
7.8

4,891
7,497
5,225
3,445
1,808
2,483

5,776
19,801
20,941
13,216
7,617
7,736

7.1
4.6
4.0
2.6
2.6
2.0

8,603
20,592
18,410
13,116
8,309
7,830

6,607
20,770
16,396
7,420
3,562
3,940

11.9
5.5
2.5
5.7
1.7
1.5

9,720
19,533
15,993
8,012
3,774
3,906

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

7,785,070
313,737

2.9
5.9

5,688,765
224,418

17,187,052
228,895

1.4
2.5

13,329,107
173,421

11,210,818
191,001

0.8
3.4

8,271,291
135,733

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

3,442,941
4,342,130

4.2
2.1

2,324,789
3,363,976

14,144,740
3,042,312

1.5
2.2

10,876,415
2,452,692

7,530,097
3,680,721

1.1
1.1

5,319,019
2,952,272

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

99,789

4.3

99,494

553,300

1.7

487,293

267,287

1.6

260,809

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more .....................................................

17,987
3,502
2,145
1,180

8.6
8.2
6.8
6.0

19,319
3,272
1,757
1,001

44,030
14,496
12,162
4,399

4.7
2.2
2.1
1.3

46,819
15,332
11,753
2,956

39,887
9,731
6,325
2,752

5.6
6.5
1.6
0.8

43,706
9,528
5,942
1,762

Operators ............................................................ number

24,814

7.9

25,349

75,087

3.3

76,860

58,695

4.0

60,938

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

21,819
2,995

8.0
7.9

22,198
3,151

68,196
6,891

3.3
5.0

69,196
7,664

52,950
5,745

3.9
6.6

54,561
6,377

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

12,349
12,465

6.9
9.0

11,579
13,770

37,835
37,252

2.3
4.3

37,223
39,637

25,630
33,065

2.4
5.3

25,510
35,428

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

921
1,185
3,995
18,713

15.9
13.2
9.7
7.0

1,169
1,903
4,237
18,040

2,135
3,191
8,270
61,491

8.4
6.4
5.6
2.8

2,304
3,828
10,326
60,402

1,739
2,457
7,100
47,399

17.0
11.9
6.9
2.8

1,971
3,327
8,912
46,728

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

111
1,436
2,559
5,497
7,765
4,783
2,663

17.4
12.1
13.1
10.6
7.0
4.9
5.1

112
1,326
2,929
7,043
7,091
4,506
2,342

515
4,552
7,677
16,888
21,753
14,732
8,970

8.0
7.6
5.8
3.9
2.8
2.9
2.8

594
4,102
9,657
20,938
20,332
13,520
7,717

315
4,449
7,818
13,761
16,433
10,407
5,512

11.2
12.0
6.0
4.3
2.9
3.1
2.6

396
4,136
9,217
16,832
15,003
9,954
5,400

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

57.6

0.5

56.5

57.8

0.3

56.2

55.8

0.5

55.0

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

695

14.7

610

475

26.4

325

276

23.5

217

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

154
85
14
18
24,422
121

18.8
19.0
48.4
36.5
7.9
20.0

223
76
8
14
24,918
110

102
94
110
16
74,631
134

14.0
22.1
17.0
26.5
3.3
10.5

168
90
98
20
76,295
189

91
30
53
3
58,408
110

14.5
32.6
26.5
54.8
4.0
23.2

152
48
49
5
60,565
119
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 5

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Iowa

Kansas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Kentucky

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ....................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

88,631
30,615,357
345
136

2.7
1.6
1.2
23.2

92,856
30,747,550
331
151

61,773
46,137,295
747
200

5.4
2.9
3.0
6.9

65,531
46,345,827
707
200

77,064
13,049,347
169
75

3.7
2.7
1.5
3.1

85,260
13,993,121
164
80

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

6,708
20,660
22,789
18,659
11,576
8,239

14.7
18.2
7.2
24.2
7.0
9.8

8,709
17,824
24,692
22,354
11,826
7,451

1,975
9,776
17,927
12,578
7,208
12,309

10.5
14.0
5.9
4.7
6.5
3.4

2,123
10,041
18,992
14,108
7,932
12,335

4,337
23,776
31,151
13,024
2,848
1,928

6.9
4.0
3.6
4.7
4.0
3.7

4,579
25,235
35,379
15,080
3,242
1,745

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

30,811,729
347,641

6.6
6.6

20,418,096
219,890

18,460,564
298,845

15.0
15.0

14,413,182
219,944

5,067,334
65,755

3.3
3.3

4,824,561
56,586

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

17,355,391
13,456,337

4.7
9.2

10,343,585
10,074,511

6,983,993
11,476,571

11.9
17.3

4,887,212
9,525,971

2,280,568
2,786,765

3.4
3.6

1,404,769
3,419,792

Government payments .........................................$1,000

782,157

8.8

706,286

442,090

4.6

427,144

169,821

2.7

103,104

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more ....................................................

43,853
18,014
19,414
7,350

10.4
24.6
14.1
31.1

48,893
24,186
15,443
4,334

39,602
12,425
7,318
2,428

6.5
4.8
4.2
27.8

44,864
12,499
6,331
1,837

66,318
7,252
2,428
1,066

3.8
4.7
12.3
2.4

75,461
6,696
2,265
838

Operators ............................................................ number

88,631

2.7

92,856

61,773

5.4

65,531

77,064

3.7

85,260

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

81,528
7,103

2.6
4.6

84,404
8,452

54,990
6,783

5.3
7.1

57,588
7,943

68,864
8,200

3.5
5.8

76,150
9,110

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

47,954
40,677

2.5
3.4

48,637
44,219

29,857
31,916

4.3
6.6

30,873
34,658

32,137
44,927

3.4
4.0

33,935
51,325

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

2,288
3,616
10,056
72,671

5.3
4.0
3.6
2.5

2,947
4,325
11,480
74,104

1,845
2,940
7,643
49,345

12.1
10.3
7.7
4.7

2,180
3,316
9,167
50,868

2,866
3,752
10,639
59,807

8.8
6.4
4.8
3.2

3,509
5,500
13,689
62,562

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

600
5,655
9,824
20,778
25,692
16,159
9,923

5.0
7.5
4.1
3.3
2.2
2.6
3.0

686
5,592
12,358
25,023
23,201
15,999
9,997

352
3,975
6,383
13,215
17,351
11,762
8,735

11.0
10.9
9.8
6.6
4.7
3.6
3.4

417
3,909
7,141
16,770
16,232
11,900
9,162

406
4,073
8,909
17,130
22,067
16,131
8,348

10.6
6.2
7.0
3.6
3.3
3.0
3.0

421
4,420
11,239
21,526
23,315
16,028
8,311

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

57.1

0.2

56.1

58.2

0.5

57.7

57.6

0.4

56.5

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

378

16.2

346

693

50.6

555

482

18.4

408

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

53
72
28
4
88,391
83

18.5
17.2
24.0
58.1
2.7
15.8

44
97
31
5
92,636
43

395
71
165
17
60,853
272

42.6
(H)
42.3
(H)
5.1
15.2

297
35
147
5
64,813
234

178
71
437
9
76,116
253

10.1
32.6
5.4
26.7
3.7
12.4

309
64
505
11
83,803
568
--continued

6 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Louisiana

Maine

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Maryland

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ...................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

28,093
7,900,865
281
60

14.9
7.1
8.1
11.9

30,106
8,109,975
269
60

8,174
1,455,304
178
67

14.3
14.1
7.4
12.0

8,136
1,347,566
166
65

12,256
2,030,745
166
50

10.5
5.2
5.7
5.4

12,834
2,051,756
160
52

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

2,967
9,309
8,723
3,845
1,323
1,926

28.0
17.8
12.6
11.2
13.4
6.3

3,282
10,394
8,457
4,550
1,501
1,922

1,239
2,278
2,794
1,318
332
213

28.1
20.0
9.2
16.3
17.7
24.2

1,046
2,383
3,019
1,178
330
180

1,481
4,554
3,695
1,594
553
379

16.1
12.3
10.0
10.1
11.7
10.7

1,554
4,589
4,067
1,719
539
366

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

3,832,491
136,422

6.6
10.3

2,617,981
86,959

764,387
93,514

4.1
9.1

617,190
75,859

2,271,397
185,329

2.6
7.9

1,835,090
142,987

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

2,806,700
1,025,791

4.6
13.2

1,604,647
1,013,334

475,177
289,210

7.1
7.7

326,573
290,617

1,050,557
1,220,840

2.3
3.2

629,303
1,205,787

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

138,192

6.3

169,333

10,162

7.9

8,815

36,024

3.8

33,386

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more .....................................................

23,564
2,028
1,203
1,298

16.3
11.7
8.9
17.4

25,583
2,210
1,576
737

6,984
743
322
125

16.1
7.4
16.0
3.9

7,026
706
316
88

9,140
1,340
1,197
579

12.4
38.2
6.9
1.7

9,820
1,474
1,092
448

Operators ............................................................ number

28,093

14.9

30,106

8,174

14.3

8,136

12,256

10.5

12,834

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

24,636
3,457

14.6
17.5

26,248
3,858

5,793
2,381

14.2
16.6

6,093
2,043

9,960
2,296

9.7
14.4

10,618
2,216

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

12,136
15,957

12.3
16.9

12,591
17,515

3,965
4,209

12.0
17.3

3,540
4,596

5,996
6,260

8.8
12.2

6,269
6,565

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

968
1,799
4,327
20,999

35.2
26.1
20.2
12.0

1,397
2,119
5,507
21,083

373
620
1,432
5,749

35.5
28.0
22.9
10.3

250
684
1,480
5,722

371
480
1,606
9,799

22.7
20.1
14.8
8.9

372
695
2,254
9,513

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

147
1,338
3,019
5,874
8,222
5,990
3,503

30.2
29.9
23.5
17.2
12.4
11.5
10.9

171
1,234
3,916
7,552
8,040
5,881
3,312

62
489
834
1,938
2,484
1,652
715

71.2
30.1
33.8
16.7
10.1
8.3
7.9

46
350
991
2,277
2,351
1,357
764

75
528
1,037
2,853
3,475
2,740
1,548

27.4
15.1
18.4
11.1
9.9
8.9
8.0

65
556
1,484
3,376
3,519
2,436
1,398

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

58.5

0.9

57.3

57.0

1.3

56.4

59.0

0.6

57.3

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

538

47.0

394

58

(H)

43

118

35.9

93

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

204
64
2,359
10
25,305
151

17.1
41.8
21.8
(H)
14.4
14.7

228
38
1,914
14
27,820
92

17
15
68
8,019
55

(H)
(H)
(H)
14.1
30.0

59
12
17
3
8,014
31

29
99
143
7
11,932
46

30.2
20.7
16.0
32.4
10.4
20.8

41
84
193
6
12,466
44
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 7

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Massachusetts

Michigan

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Minnesota

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ....................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

7,755
523,517
68
23

17.8
7.9
10.8
23.3

7,691
517,879
67
24

52,194
9,948,564
191
60

4.2
2.2
2.5
5.0

56,014
10,031,807
179
60

74,537
26,038,539
349
142

4.2
2.5
2.6
15.7

80,992
26,917,962
332
148

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

2,322
2,913
1,833
574
81
32

43.1
15.8
7.0
13.2
12.7
9.8

2,199
2,885
1,903
586
90
28

4,162
18,764
17,634
7,040
2,574
2,020

9.5
5.2
4.1
3.8
2.6
0.8

4,219
20,726
19,206
7,275
2,619
1,969

3,488
15,293
24,124
18,077
7,293
6,262

8.9
7.0
6.6
15.6
2.5
4.7

3,687
16,927
25,679
20,188
8,323
6,188

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

492,211
63,470

5.8
9.7

489,820
63,687

8,678,050
166,265

1.3
3.1

5,753,219
102,710

21,266,942
285,321

2.7
3.5

13,180,466
162,738

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

382,915
109,296

5.7
9.6

364,481
125,338

5,506,437
3,171,614

1.5
1.2

3,329,928
2,423,291

13,855,918
7,411,024

2.4
3.4

7,048,913
6,131,554

Government payments .........................................$1,000

8,124

6.5

4,603

155,919

2.0

118,871

467,692

4.4

445,861

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more ....................................................

6,528
820
318
89

20.1
9.0
10.0
10.3

6,483
797
328
83

38,980
7,329
4,051
1,834

4.8
3.5
2.9
1.6

44,533
6,921
3,495
1,065

41,006
16,411
11,727
5,393

6.2
5.7
2.6
1.5

51,703
16,185
10,313
2,791

Operators ............................................................ number

7,755

17.8

7,691

52,194

4.2

56,014

74,537

4.2

80,992

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

5,248
2,507

16.1
26.6

5,465
2,226

44,785
7,409

3.9
6.3

47,739
8,275

68,167
6,370

4.1
7.7

73,631
7,361

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

3,878
3,877

13.6
22.5

3,688
4,003

25,285
26,909

3.6
4.8

24,795
31,219

39,415
35,122

3.2
5.6

39,628
41,364

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

328
507
1,119
5,801

(H)
86.3
24.6
11.2

326
442
1,249
5,674

1,512
2,350
6,318
42,014

11.8
8.6
5.9
3.6

1,691
3,022
8,258
43,043

1,886
2,717
7,710
62,224

9.9
7.1
5.6
3.9

2,022
3,312
10,006
65,652

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

60
359
655
1,933
2,415
1,556
777

38.2
47.4
99.4
19.4
12.8
10.1
10.8

49
292
972
2,237
2,227
1,204
710

244
2,736
5,761
12,259
15,153
10,490
5,551

15.0
8.7
7.5
4.4
3.7
3.4
3.3

244
2,687
7,334
15,509
15,019
10,034
5,187

419
4,490
8,652
18,990
21,736
12,941
7,309

9.3
6.1
4.8
5.2
3.7
4.3
4.5

600
4,517
11,521
23,488
20,613
13,215
7,038

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

57.8

3.1

56.3

57.6

0.3

56.3

56.6

0.2

55.3

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

142

(H)

120

674

19.3

615

343

14.1

296

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

15
71
80
1
7,559
29

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
13.3
68.9

11
56
32
3
7,569
20

204
54
216
16
51,539
165

10.2
28.4
11.2
31.0
4.2
18.6

341
53
247
20
55,017
336

141
266
30
5
73,979
116

9.4
28.1
34.6
62.9
4.3
15.7

203
148
22
4
80,460
155
--continued

8 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Mississippi

Missouri

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Montana

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ...................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

38,089
10,933,810
287
100

4.0
2.2
2.6
3.5

41,959
11,456,241
273
100

99,170
28,266,102
285
120

2.0
1.2
1.2
(L)

107,825
29,026,573
269
115

28,008
59,758,917
2,134
300

6.5
2.0
5.1
14.1

29,524
61,388,462
2,079
320

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

1,697
9,017
14,879
8,007
2,323
2,166

9.5
5.5
4.3
3.6
9.2
9.1

2,056
10,234
16,519
8,623
2,283
2,244

3,544
21,705
37,013
23,301
7,819
5,788

7.2
3.3
1.9
2.4
2.6
1.4

3,868
25,186
40,246
24,537
8,180
5,808

2,365
5,518
4,478
3,835
2,560
9,252

18.1
10.4
8.7
7.0
5.7
2.9

1,917
5,462
4,971
4,464
2,919
9,791

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

6,452,294
169,400

3.2
4.5

4,876,781
116,227

9,163,844
92,405

0.8
1.7

7,512,926
69,677

4,230,194
151,035

2.0
5.2

2,803,062
94,942

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

2,976,151
3,476,142

4.4
3.0

1,668,028
3,208,753

4,566,953
4,596,891

1.0
0.9

3,494,938
4,017,988

2,256,003
1,974,191

2.2
2.3

1,273,721
1,529,340

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

181,386

3.4

231,382

323,953

0.9

319,519

209,846

2.8

221,977

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more .....................................................

31,901
2,261
1,979
1,948

4.6
4.9
64.8
18.5

36,087
2,266
1,895
1,711

78,515
13,732
5,019
1,904

2.2
1.8
1.5
0.6

88,587
12,833
4,999
1,406

18,141
5,215
3,865
787

8.7
4.1
2.6
1.6

20,167
6,145
2,841
371

Operators ............................................................ number

38,089

4.0

41,959

99,170

2.0

107,825

28,008

6.5

29,524

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

32,807
5,282

3.9
7.9

35,829
6,130

88,043
11,127

1.9
3.0

95,071
12,754

23,765
4,243

6.3
7.8

24,938
4,586

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

16,364
21,725

3.0
4.8

15,935
26,024

43,787
55,383

1.5
2.4

45,031
62,794

15,434
12,574

4.9
8.5

14,957
14,567

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

1,247
1,844
5,261
29,737

9.8
7.0
5.0
3.5

2,011
2,746
7,072
30,130

3,397
4,588
13,559
77,626

5.5
4.1
3.5
1.5

4,757
7,087
17,114
78,867

962
1,195
3,851
22,000

13.4
9.8
8.8
5.7

1,071
1,663
4,448
22,342

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

159
1,446
3,461
6,965
10,985
9,126
5,947

13.1
8.7
7.2
3.6
3.7
3.9
3.9

178
1,729
4,741
9,437
11,675
8,609
5,590

636
5,594
10,182
22,064
27,040
20,552
13,102

6.3
6.2
4.8
2.7
1.7
1.3
1.9

704
5,622
14,034
26,342
27,936
20,491
12,696

123
1,264
2,690
5,867
8,746
5,825
3,493

12.4
12.9
8.5
6.5
5.7
6.5
6.2

119
1,177
3,078
7,904
8,409
5,255
3,582

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

60.4

0.3

58.6

58.3

0.3

57.1

58.9

0.3

57.8

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

397

18.5

451

548

17.2

444

246

29.9

201

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

133
66
5,029
9
32,769
83

12.7
15.5
6.2
45.9
4.1
13.8

175
51
5,306
14
36,352
61

442
235
176
27
97,825
465

14.7
16.2
17.2
24.8
1.9
9.1

397
228
179
28
106,313
680

1,318
31
10
7
26,494
148

7.0
68.1
60.3
74.0
6.5
12.4

1,482
37
10
6
27,841
148
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 9

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Nebraska

Nevada

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

New Hampshire

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ....................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

49,969
45,331,783
907
280

5.8
1.6
4.3
10.7

47,712
45,480,358
953
320

4,157
5,916,891
1,423
40

33.4
14.4
10.5
30.8

3,131
5,865,392
1,873
51

4,391
474,065
108
38

13.2
10.3
5.4
12.5

4,166
471,911
113
45

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

3,520
8,125
9,742
9,735
7,717
11,130

21.1
21.8
6.3
9.8
4.0
3.2

2,270
6,581
10,104
9,838
7,717
11,202

1,003
1,207
750
414
294
489

40.0
30.5
38.1
32.8
37.2
35.2

631
898
571
367
217
447

953
1,482
1,292
512
115
37

22.3
16.1
9.0
14.5
14.3
26.1

754
1,405
1,304
546
119
38

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

23,068,756
461,661

7.7
7.7

15,506,035
324,992

768,523
184,874

21.9
21.9

513,269
163,931

190,907
43,477

4.0
8.7

199,051
47,780

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

11,377,933
11,690,823

5.4
10.1

6,843,325
8,662,710

366,010
402,512

43.0
13.1

219,341
293,928

100,714
90,193

5.4
3.6

106,467
92,584

Government payments .........................................$1,000

392,428

2.2

387,340

3,253

28.9

4,007

3,472

5.2

2,474

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more ....................................................

23,001
12,321
10,185
4,462

11.5
17.5
5.6
9.3

22,429
13,271
9,359
2,653

3,019
501
501
136

35.3
43.6
54.6
28.9

2,331
435
274
91

3,954
288
118
31

14.2
9.0
8.5
6.1

3,729
285
123
29

Operators ............................................................ number

49,969

5.8

47,712

4,157

33.4

3,131

4,391

13.2

4,166

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

45,878
4,091

5.6
9.7

43,687
4,025

3,253
904

33.1
36.9

2,530
601

3,033
1,358

13.5
14.4

2,929
1,237

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

29,819
20,150

3.0
10.3

28,854
18,858

2,209
1,948

31.3
36.0

1,650
1,481

2,107
2,284

11.2
15.8

1,930
2,236

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

1,710
2,289
5,977
39,993

26.5
16.9
12.8
3.5

1,287
2,082
5,716
38,627

120
231
669
3,137

68.8
85.2
43.6
26.4

115
250
566
2,200

211
276
664
3,240

30.2
33.8
19.3
10.1

154
274
800
2,938

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

456
4,291
6,199
11,943
13,903
8,068
5,109

18.4
13.4
10.6
6.9
4.1
4.2
4.3

378
2,975
6,168
13,227
11,902
7,811
5,251

9
160
291
940
1,250
1,045
462

(H)
83.9
73.9
36.0
29.4
23.2
24.0

15
119
379
755
877
659
327

15
186
449
1,108
1,295
938
400

47.7
37.0
24.1
13.6
12.1
9.8
6.6

24
142
542
1,205
1,214
685
354

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

55.7

0.8

55.9

59.7

1.2

57.5

57.8

1.0

56.2

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

316

(H)

166

192

48.6

174

15

(H)

21

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

66
16
25
49,807
55

57.2
(H)
89.3
5.7
14.1

33
13
9
2
47,611
44

344
13
9
1
3,769
21

21.7
(H)
74.5
(H)
34.4
80.8

390
7
3
4
2,709
18

3
6
28
4,325
29

85.4
(H)
(H)
12.9
43.8

11
8
5
4,133
9
--continued

10 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
New Jersey

New Mexico

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

New York

2012
2007
total

Total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ...................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

9,071
715,057
79
20

3.9
4.7
3.0
(L)

10,327
733,450
71
17

24,721
43,201,023
1,748
40

14.1
3.0
9.5
53.0

20,930
43,238,049
2,066
40

35,538
7,183,579
202
93

9.5
5.8
4.4
6.4

36,352
7,174,743
197
95

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

2,237
4,221
1,790
541
182
100

5.3
4.7
4.9
8.2
8.3
9.7

2,950
4,814
1,675
589
191
108

7,861
4,811
3,357
2,438
1,723
4,531

23.6
14.9
15.6
9.9
10.8
6.3

6,471
4,405
3,072
2,141
1,286
3,555

2,902
8,668
13,544
7,446
1,872
1,106

20.0
12.3
9.1
8.3
6.7
2.0

2,914
8,799
13,847
7,739
2,014
1,039

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

1,007,149
111,030

1.5
3.9

986,885
95,564

2,550,186
103,159

2.2
10.2

2,175,080
103,922

5,418,517
152,471

3.4
6.3

4,418,634
121,551

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

890,767
116,382

1.9
6.1

851,653
135,233

616,977
1,933,209

6.8
1.5

553,140
1,621,940

2,249,025
3,169,492

3.5
3.6

1,561,927
2,856,706

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

7,596

2.5

6,988

70,590

4.4

43,377

74,511

4.5

62,652

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more .....................................................

7,413
961
479
218

4.4
6.6
3.5
3.2

8,702
930
504
191

21,655
2,054
693
319

15.6
20.4
3.9
7.6

18,285
1,685
649
311

25,750
5,887
2,918
983

11.2
10.2
6.5
5.8

27,161
5,563
2,806
822

Operators ............................................................ number

9,071

3.9

10,327

24,721

14.1

20,930

35,538

9.5

36,352

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

7,239
1,832

3.6
5.1

8,066
2,261

19,944
4,777

13.4
17.7

16,284
4,646

29,079
6,459

8.8
13.2

29,664
6,688

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

4,493
4,578

3.4
4.3

4,626
5,701

12,392
12,329

10.6
17.6

10,040
10,890

20,401
15,137

8.0
11.7

19,624
16,728

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

178
336
1,241
7,316

5.8
6.2
4.7
3.6

252
535
1,866
7,674

897
1,188
3,307
19,329

36.0
34.5
21.0
10.8

919
1,075
3,102
15,834

1,150
1,828
5,038
27,522

26.0
17.0
13.8
7.7

1,229
2,132
5,638
27,353

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

9
199
690
2,266
2,843
2,002
1,062

44.7
10.4
5.4
5.2
3.4
2.9
3.0

27
262
1,350
2,957
2,884
1,796
1,051

218
982
1,896
4,662
7,070
5,916
3,977

43.9
32.9
27.0
17.0
13.3
10.0
8.0

131
687
1,937
4,652
5,779
4,691
3,053

185
1,964
3,797
8,774
10,504
7,001
3,313

28.6
20.3
15.0
10.9
7.8
6.7
5.9

159
1,720
4,756
10,060
10,214
6,156
3,287

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

59.5

0.3

57.1

60.5

0.9

59.6

57.1

0.7

56.2

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

144

28.3

109

9,377

17.5

6,475

281

32.4

220

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

14
110
53
8
8,859
27

33.2
18.6
13.7
23.7
3.7
15.7

20
89
62
1
10,116
39

5,202
29
39
9
19,293
149

10.0
48.5
25.9
17.2
16.0
18.9

4,493
26
50
13
16,234
114

85
90
70
12
35,180
101

17.4
25.1
23.6
63.6
9.4
23.3

139
83
66
35,987
77
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 11

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
North Carolina

North Dakota

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Ohio

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ....................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

50,210
8,412,111
168
51

8.2
4.6
4.2
5.6

52,913
8,474,671
160
50

30,961
39,262,613
1,268
480

9.1
3.3
5.9
9.3

31,970
39,674,586
1,241
550

75,462
13,960,604
185
69

6.2
3.3
2.9
5.1

75,861
13,956,563
184
66

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

4,155
20,013
17,257
5,386
1,703
1,696

16.3
9.5
6.9
7.7
12.3
4.7

5,001
20,772
17,830
5,786
1,862
1,662

689
2,711
6,557
5,906
4,237
10,861

32.2
23.1
14.2
9.3
9.9
4.0

387
2,268
6,068
6,710
4,687
11,850

6,796
24,220
26,890
11,291
3,674
2,591

14.9
7.4
5.3
6.3
3.3
4.0

7,767
24,361
25,809
11,190
4,020
2,714

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

12,556,977
250,089

4.5
6.7

10,313,628
194,917

10,950,680
353,693

3.1
7.1

6,084,218
190,310

10,059,088
133,300

2.3
3.7

7,070,212
93,200

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

4,302,224
8,254,753

2.9
5.6

2,606,279
7,707,350

9,664,285
1,286,395

2.4
8.4

5,038,521
1,045,697

6,597,949
3,461,139

2.5
2.5

4,109,722
2,960,490

Government payments .........................................$1,000

120,083

3.5

147,334

381,710

3.6

359,532

228,858

2.7

232,184

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more ....................................................

39,783
3,871
2,986
3,570

9.4
7.2
66.2
36.2

42,666
3,634
3,772
2,841

15,990
5,476
6,151
3,344

13.7
8.0
11.7
1.1

17,243
7,213
6,236
1,278

54,024
12,945
6,382
2,111

7.4
9.0
3.2
1.7

57,799
11,482
5,439
1,141

Operators ............................................................ number

50,210

8.2

52,913

30,961

9.1

31,970

75,462

6.2

75,861

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

43,757
6,453

7.8
11.5

45,897
7,016

27,728
3,233

8.6
14.3

28,314
3,656

66,760
8,702

5.9
11.8

66,734
9,127

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

24,566
25,644

6.9
9.5

24,244
28,669

17,509
13,452

6.2
13.1

18,525
13,445

33,140
42,322

4.8
7.3

32,676
43,185

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

1,659
2,459
6,908
39,184

17.9
14.6
11.3
7.0

2,153
3,453
8,385
38,922

850
1,197
3,241
25,673

25.2
19.4
12.9
7.7

808
1,368
3,533
26,261

2,216
3,287
9,595
60,364

14.8
11.3
8.9
5.3

2,411
4,168
11,087
58,195

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

220
2,101
4,931
10,387
15,122
11,628
5,821

14.6
16.6
11.2
10.6
7.3
6.4
6.2

307
2,056
6,521
13,035
15,269
10,367
5,358

330
2,432
3,572
6,603
8,626
5,438
3,960

18.0
16.3
9.8
9.2
7.2
8.9
9.3

350
2,065
3,961
8,289
8,068
5,167
4,070

455
4,796
8,793
18,401
21,380
13,773
7,864

12.9
9.5
9.3
8.8
5.3
4.5
4.1

417
4,312
10,367
21,368
19,407
12,911
7,079

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

58.9

0.5

57.3

57.0

0.4

56.5

56.8

0.5

55.7

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

493

29.1

478

122

59.2

92

427

23.0

302

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

596
179
1,637
47,619
179

16.2
65.0
11.4
8.0
12.7

603
122
1,491
9
50,503
185

348
16
3
4
30,539
51

30.5
(H)
77.5
(H)
8.7
49.4

364
4
2
2
31,540
58

113
87
146
74,934
182

25.1
23.9
10.5
6.1
20.7

80
78
181
4
75,403
115
--continued

12 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Oklahoma

Oregon

2012
Item
Total

Pennsylvania

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ...................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

80,245
34,356,110
428
140

3.3
1.6
2.6
13.7

86,565
35,087,269
405
137

35,439
16,301,578
460
28

4.3
2.2
3.4
6.8

38,553
16,399,647
425
29

59,302
7,703,414
130
68

3.8
2.1
2.5
5.2

63,163
7,809,244
124
65

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

3,724
16,327
27,418
17,546
7,401
7,829

22.8
6.3
4.3
4.8
12.5
2.9

3,802
18,700
29,719
19,140
7,484
7,720

9,119
12,663
6,932
2,978
1,389
2,358

8.1
4.2
3.0
2.7
4.0
6.8

9,546
14,142
7,430
3,340
1,531
2,564

5,574
17,719
24,839
8,748
1,768
654

11.1
5.3
3.2
2.8
2.7
7.2

5,601
20,267
26,049
8,799
1,816
631

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

7,131,634
88,873

3.9
3.9

5,806,061
67,072

4,883,667
137,805

1.0
4.2

4,386,143
113,769

7,370,153
124,282

1.4
4.1

5,808,803
91,965

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

1,877,619
5,254,015

6.5
3.0

1,187,625
4,618,436

3,247,430
1,636,237

2.3
3.1

2,976,087
1,410,055

2,782,656
4,587,497

1.7
1.5

1,869,706
3,939,097

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

256,845

1.8

209,465

85,840

1.9

76,491

86,317

1.4

75,975

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more .....................................................

66,256
9,664
3,339
986

3.7
5.7
3.9
5.0

74,189
8,651
2,966
759

28,883
3,601
1,966
989

4.9
4.3
2.1
1.1

31,847
3,896
1,952
858

43,340
9,667
5,029
1,266

5.0
3.0
2.9
1.6

49,304
8,824
4,088
947

Operators ............................................................ number

80,245

3.3

86,565

35,439

4.3

38,553

59,302

3.8

63,163

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

71,169
9,076

3.2
5.8

75,716
10,849

28,426
7,013

4.0
6.2

30,298
8,255

50,842
8,460

3.5
6.6

54,613
8,550

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

33,790
46,455

3.1
3.6

36,052
50,513

17,684
17,755

3.3
5.2

17,825
20,728

30,631
28,671

2.9
5.0

28,751
34,412

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

2,629
4,617
12,627
60,372

9.0
7.4
5.0
2.7

3,783
6,185
15,718
60,879

1,059
1,661
5,619
27,100

8.8
7.6
6.1
3.6

1,533
2,767
6,807
27,446

1,720
2,828
8,038
46,716

11.0
7.9
5.7
3.3

2,361
3,657
10,039
47,106

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

436
4,989
9,009
16,895
20,669
17,484
10,763

10.7
7.8
6.4
4.6
3.2
2.4
2.2

642
4,972
10,173
19,759
22,333
17,988
10,698

92
1,327
3,029
7,066
11,348
8,364
4,213

14.9
8.8
7.8
4.7
4.0
3.5
3.1

109
1,495
4,085
10,145
11,665
7,284
3,770

426
4,482
7,544
13,900
16,226
10,871
5,853

7.4
6.2
4.2
5.1
3.0
4.2
3.9

520
4,558
8,763
16,781
16,193
10,566
5,782

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

58.3

0.5

57.6

59.6

0.3

57.5

56.1

0.2

55.2

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

1,173

38.2

784

882

11.6

789

373

25.4

332

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

7,489
285
1,337
32
69,288
1,814

9.9
83.8
55.3
(H)
2.8
11.4

7,054
246
1,111
13
76,058
2,083

403
286
31
29
34,449
241

9.0
12.9
18.9
28.0
4.2
10.2

497
267
36
31
37,390
332

78
62
61
6
58,944
151

13.3
30.3
16.6
85.0
3.8
8.8

155
55
63
5
62,722
163
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 13

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Rhode Island

South Carolina

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

South Dakota

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ....................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

1,243
69,589
56
20

19.0
9.8
9.1
12.5

1,219
67,819
56
24

25,266
4,971,244
197
60

6.5
4.6
3.6
4.7

25,867
4,889,339
189
64

31,989
43,257,079
1,352
337

5.2
3.3
3.6
6.5

31,169
43,666,403
1,401
425

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

433
451
278
70
7
4

25.7
23.8
15.3
39.3
13.6
94.9

353
484
308
67
5
2

2,135
8,996
8,364
3,731
1,121
919

14.4
8.2
5.0
5.8
9.2
4.5

1,970
8,959
9,033
3,981
1,059
865

1,300
4,976
6,419
5,353
4,229
9,712

9.2
21.8
8.4
6.8
7.6
5.0

920
3,898
5,909
5,874
4,714
9,854

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

59,652
47,990

8.5
11.6

65,908
54,067

3,044,894
120,513

2.7
4.6

2,352,681
90,953

10,170,227
317,929

2.7
3.5

6,570,450
210,801

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

48,981
10,671

9.1
8.1

55,602
10,306

1,293,558
1,751,336

3.5
2.9

798,490
1,554,190

6,072,922
4,097,304

2.5
3.2

3,383,497
3,186,953

Government payments .........................................$1,000

2,345

11.5

743

46,616

3.5

67,253

283,797

3.0

270,748

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more ....................................................

1,034
158
42
9

19.5
24.9
4.5
10.5

1,039
120
47
13

22,193
1,459
727
887

6.9
7.6
5.6
3.9

23,250
1,273
700
644

15,648
7,589
6,394
2,358

8.1
15.5
15.1
2.2

15,415
8,971
5,563
1,220

Operators ............................................................ number

1,243

19.0

1,219

25,266

6.5

25,867

31,989

5.2

31,169

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

937
306

17.4
25.5

922
297

21,257
4,009

6.2
9.1

21,782
4,085

29,656
2,333

5.2
7.0

28,775
2,394

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

619
624

16.2
22.0

621
598

10,361
14,905

6.1
6.9

9,739
16,128

18,844
13,145

4.8
7.1

18,775
12,394

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

72
90
221
860

65.7
47.8
22.9
13.2

56
73
172
918

988
1,145
3,475
19,658

16.4
13.2
9.4
5.4

994
1,493
4,411
18,969

787
1,268
3,569
26,365

18.9
9.2
10.6
4.2

775
1,178
3,845
25,371

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

10
57
115
361
337
261
102

45.5
88.5
23.5
21.0
13.5
13.2
14.3

5
52
173
336
310
236
107

84
1,013
2,350
5,097
7,628
5,880
3,214

15.9
14.0
10.5
8.1
6.3
5.1
4.7

83
996
2,754
6,010
7,734
5,128
3,162

258
2,631
3,922
7,445
9,182
5,263
3,288

13.7
13.1
10.5
4.8
4.3
3.3
3.5

242
2,113
4,045
8,700
7,835
4,938
3,296

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

56.7

1.8

56.3

59.5

0.4

58.5

55.9

0.6

55.7

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

40.2

11

270

31.9

191

200

25.9

116

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

14
4
1,216
9

(H)
(H)
14.2
70.9

16
1,198
5

128
67
2,025
22,954
92

20.9
48.8
8.7
6.6
16.8

126
46
2,108
7
23,393
187

817
5
6
31,052
109

21.4
85.5
31.6
4.9
14.3

748
19
10
1
30,299
92
--continued

14 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Tennessee

Texas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Utah

2012
2007
total

Total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ...................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

68,050
10,867,812
160
68

1.9
1.5
1.6
6.5

79,280
10,969,798
138
58

248,810
130,159,726
523
85

3.0
2.3
3.2
7.1

247,437
130,398,753
527
87

18,027
10,973,696
609
30

9.8
3.0
6.6
10.5

16,700
11,094,700
664
36

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

3,230
23,563
27,037
10,464
2,268
1,488

4.0
3.4
2.1
3.7
5.5
6.7

5,814
29,396
29,588
10,847
2,287
1,348

20,825
72,847
73,875
42,003
17,309
21,951

20.9
8.2
3.3
3.7
5.1
3.2

21,024
72,837
71,264
42,131
17,843
22,338

5,205
5,239
3,499
1,864
892
1,328

14.5
11.3
8.3
7.5
9.4
7.3

4,194
5,127
3,354
1,824
895
1,306

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

3,611,037
53,064

6.3
6.3

2,617,394
33,015

25,412,880
102,138

7.6
7.6

21,001,074
84,874

1,815,981
100,737

2.7
6.8

1,415,678
84,771

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

2,086,472
1,524,565

5.0
8.0

1,147,786
1,469,608

7,377,318
18,035,562

4.6
11.2

6,565,576
14,435,499

573,932
1,242,049

4.1
2.5

372,396
1,043,281

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

67,665

1.4

95,744

644,110

3.7

720,903

23,898

4.8

22,759

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more .....................................................

61,668
3,750
1,804
828

2.0
4.6
27.2
1.5

73,341
3,708
1,815
416

220,404
18,041
7,024
3,341

3.0
5.0
8.4
6.2

219,818
16,682
7,866
3,071

14,872
2,046
851
258

11.0
7.4
4.7
7.7

14,132
1,716
635
217

Operators ............................................................ number

68,050

1.9

79,280

248,810

3.0

247,437

18,027

9.8

16,700

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

60,280
7,770

1.7
4.9

69,320
9,960

210,359
38,451

2.9
12.3

212,426
35,011

16,009
2,018

9.7
11.1

14,903
1,797

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

28,454
39,596

1.5
2.2

30,849
48,431

104,774
144,036

2.6
3.5

98,692
148,745

6,939
11,088

8.1
11.0

6,340
10,360

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

2,132
3,112
9,728
53,078

5.0
3.5
2.7
1.8

3,538
5,216
12,724
57,802

8,601
14,089
42,854
183,266

8.0
6.5
5.4
2.1

10,907
17,970
49,603
168,957

615
893
2,816
13,703

21.9
15.5
12.6
8.6

650
975
2,681
12,394

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

259
2,564
6,768
14,141
19,757
16,131
8,430

7.1
6.5
3.4
4.1
2.2
1.8
1.9

366
3,081
9,698
18,665
22,275
16,279
8,916

793
9,301
21,098
52,688
69,081
58,595
37,254

23.8
27.3
15.4
5.8
4.3
2.2
1.9

914
9,246
25,765
57,195
67,994
52,477
33,846

78
1,080
2,069
3,692
4,950
3,740
2,418

30.6
14.9
14.6
9.5
8.8
10.4
9.9

54
964
1,771
4,310
4,346
3,260
1,995

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

59.2

0.3

57.8

60.1

0.5

58.9

58.3

0.6

57.4

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

467

17.7

445

23,689

8.1

20,351

345

13.6

336

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

281
87
992
4
66,460
226

11.4
17.9
6.4
53.0
1.9
18.4

296
74
1,052
4
77,384
470

2,694
719
8,551
27
235,448
1,371

33.4
11.3
36.8
22.8
2.8
4.3

2,155
561
6,124
59
236,568
1,970

548
52
6
8
17,387
26

11.3
27.4
31.6
39.8
9.8
28.5

660
49
4
11
15,949
27
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 15

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Vermont

Virginia

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Washington

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ....................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

7,338
1,251,713
171
80

12.6
8.4
5.8
9.0

6,984
1,233,313
177
90

46,036
8,333,196
181
72

2.0
1.0
2.0
3.5

47,383
8,103,925
171
70

37,249
14,748,120
396
24

9.5
2.1
8.0
11.9

39,284
14,972,789
381
30

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

616
2,258
2,414
1,513
383
154

35.8
17.3
9.7
10.7
10.6
24.7

635
1,862
2,396
1,557
390
144

3,342
14,426
16,853
7,864
2,173
1,378

7.2
3.1
3.0
4.3
6.0
3.0

3,530
15,177
17,589
7,777
1,985
1,325

10,559
12,980
6,536
3,072
1,508
2,594

18.2
8.2
6.7
4.3
7.2
3.3

9,211
14,790
7,307
3,479
1,731
2,766

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

776,105
105,765

3.2
9.1

673,713
96,465

3,753,791
81,540

2.2
2.2

2,906,188
61,334

9,135,440
245,253

6.3
8.6

6,792,856
172,917

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

177,726
598,379

5.0
3.3

99,262
574,451

1,360,650
2,393,141

1.4
2.8

858,301
2,047,887

6,492,090
2,643,350

7.3
4.3

4,754,898
2,037,958

Government payments .........................................$1,000

13,930

4.2

6,773

82,319

2.0

54,940

159,269

2.6

138,272

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more ....................................................

5,799
897
481
161

15.1
5.6
6.6
2.1

5,508
862
485
129

39,113
4,056
2,005
862

2.4
1.9
2.1
2.7

41,645
3,382
1,734
622

29,453
3,678
2,498
1,620

11.4
20.4
6.5
9.0

31,314
3,831
2,863
1,276

Operators ............................................................ number

7,338

12.6

6,984

46,036

2.0

47,383

37,249

9.5

39,284

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

5,696
1,642

11.5
17.5

5,518
1,466

38,383
7,653

2.0
5.3

39,537
7,846

29,730
7,519

8.5
14.1

31,194
8,090

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

3,779
3,559

10.0
15.8

3,461
3,523

20,742
25,294

1.5
2.4

20,294
27,089

17,650
19,599

7.4
11.5

18,021
21,263

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

346
486
1,233
5,273

23.6
22.6
23.1
9.0

214
407
1,193
5,170

1,344
2,226
6,629
35,837

7.9
7.5
3.5
1.5

1,778
3,260
7,988
34,357

1,449
2,200
6,451
27,149

25.0
18.8
13.0
7.3

1,684
3,058
7,311
27,231

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

20
398
788
1,709
2,347
1,357
719

69.6
30.5
22.9
13.4
10.0
10.3
7.3

49
325
856
1,859
2,066
1,133
696

175
1,906
3,878
9,892
13,685
10,299
6,201

12.6
7.8
5.3
3.7
1.9
1.9
2.2

164
1,802
5,251
11,616
13,277
9,640
5,633

181
1,526
3,502
7,887
11,764
8,347
4,042

46.9
19.2
17.3
11.0
7.5
7.9
6.7

145
1,535
4,399
10,780
11,871
6,720
3,834

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

57.3

1.0

56.5

59.5

0.3

58.2

58.8

0.7

57.0

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

58

(H)

55

470

34.1

338

1,874

14.4

1,643

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

21
15
23
4
7,234
41

(H)
(H)
(H)
67.4
11.1
78.9

14
1
10
1
6,931
27

180
134
1,496
7
44,090
129

14.1
47.3
5.7
33.7
2.1
11.7

186
86
1,680
19
45,150
262

458
436
60
49
35,958
288

13.3
25.4
23.9
23.1
9.3
24.0

480
360
49
54
38,036
305
--continued

16 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 1. Selected Operation and Principal Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
West Virginia

Wisconsin

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Wyoming

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres
Average size of farm ...................................... acres
Median size of farm ........................................ acres

21,489
3,606,674
168
95

4.9
4.2
2.0
2.6

23,618
3,697,606
157
90

69,756
14,569,743
209
96

3.6
1.8
2.5
4.0

78,463
15,190,804
194
95

11,742
30,363,938
2,586
200

15.6
3.4
9.9
6.7

11,069
30,169,526
2,726
230

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 to 999 acres .........................................................
1,000 acres or more ....................................................

956
5,128
9,692
4,457
894
362

9.0
6.3
4.7
4.5
8.2
7.7

1,207
5,749
10,739
4,681
908
334

4,602
17,829
25,500
15,690
3,882
2,253

9.0
5.4
3.5
2.9
1.9
0.8

4,861
19,895
29,765
17,837
4,149
1,956

1,089
2,293
2,353
1,744
1,109
3,154

42.3
24.9
17.8
13.6
10.2
7.1

652
2,004
2,461
1,712
1,107
3,133

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000
Average per farm .......................................... dollars

809,175
37,655

4.3
4.3

591,665
25,051

11,746,109
168,389

0.9
3.6

8,967,358
114,288

1,690,846
144,000

3.7
9.5

1,157,535
104,575

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

139,092
670,083

12.6
3.7

78,308
513,357

4,601,969
7,144,139

0.9
1.0

2,669,326
6,298,032

438,958
1,251,888

7.0
4.5

213,808
943,728

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

7,034

3.5

2,929

237,145

1.5

195,787

28,146

7.2

28,157

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 to $249,999 ...................................................
$250,000 to $999,999 .................................................
$1,000,000 or more .....................................................

20,093
896
318
182

5.1
4.9
1.8
4.1

22,432
751
314
121

45,919
13,923
7,624
2,290

4.8
2.5
1.7
0.7

56,121
14,049
6,783
1,510

7,995
2,260
1,236
251

20.1
9.1
5.3
3.6

7,877
2,208
817
167

Operators ............................................................ number

21,489

4.9

23,618

69,756

3.6

78,463

11,742

15.6

11,069

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

18,784
2,705

4.9
5.7

20,399
3,219

62,408
7,348

3.5
5.0

69,287
9,176

10,124
1,618

14.9
20.7

9,465
1,604

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

9,164
12,325

4.3
5.5

9,799
13,819

34,757
34,999

2.6
4.8

37,047
41,416

5,851
5,891

11.6
19.8

5,445
5,624

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

583
1,006
2,936
16,964

11.1
8.4
7.0
4.2

738
1,407
3,761
17,712

2,266
2,830
8,112
56,548

10.2
7.1
5.3
3.0

2,677
4,151
11,395
60,240

447
639
2,046
8,610

41.2
21.0
22.0
12.6

546
807
1,914
7,802

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

60
834
1,988
4,234
6,309
5,235
2,829

15.6
10.0
9.0
5.9
4.0
4.2
4.0

98
903
2,662
5,618
6,732
4,915
2,690

346
3,745
7,764
18,497
21,211
12,238
5,955

10.2
6.9
5.6
4.2
3.2
3.0
2.9

485
4,281
11,550
23,359
20,613
11,795
6,380

59
663
1,100
2,383
3,905
2,442
1,190

54.1
28.9
23.6
18.2
13.8
12.8
10.5

53
562
1,076
2,924
3,275
2,112
1,067

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

59.7

0.4

58.1

56.4

0.3

55.0

58.2

1.0

57.1

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

122

21.3

138

283

20.4

245

277

85.6

152

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

44
20
29
2
21,340
54

27.6
28.1
23.8
67.1
4.9
26.9

38
19
35
4
23,463
59

63
177
42
9
69,376
89

11.2
19.8
26.5
31.6
3.6
8.3

100
168
44
8
78,058
85

162
12
6
4
11,498
60

16.7
(H)
63.3
41.1
15.4
26.3

235
17
6
8
10,762
41

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 17

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
United States

Alabama

2012
Item
Total

Alaska

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

288,269
62,675,417

3.9
2.1

306,209
64,264,566

5,415
794,350

5.8
5.2

6,444
818,315

250
(D)

3.6
(D)

168
(D)

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

53,523
102,941
81,001
32,319
18,485

8.3
4.2
3.1
3.2
3.1

56,526
107,352
86,991
36,354
18,986

596
1,904
1,879
765
271

11.9
6.7
4.4
6.7
8.1

634
2,437
2,209
866
298

113
83
32
13
9

7.7
9.1
(L)
(L)
(L)

71
52
27
9
9

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

12,919,506

2.1

11,158,210

420,313

6.0

405,220

7,523

0.8

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

6,038,863
6,880,643

2.1
2.5

4,547,958
6,610,252

46,505
373,808

10.4
5.9

29,880
375,340

6,697
827

0.7
3.7

4,251
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

513,829

2.9

511,763

8,439

9.8

9,601

483

7.4

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

261,011
27,258

4.1
3.0

280,609
25,600

4,851
564

6.2
3.4

5,841
603

227
23

4.0
(L)

143
25

Operators ............................................................ number

288,269

3.9

306,209

5,415

5.8

6,444

250

3.6

168

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

124,576
163,693

4.0
3.9

121,799
184,410

2,145
3,270

5.5
6.1

2,544
3,900

142
108

3.4
5.7

100
68

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

12,826
18,780
50,415
206,248

9.4
7.8
5.4
3.0

15,832
26,063
63,554
200,760

248
339
946
3,882

13.0
11.6
7.7
4.5

405
532
1,327
4,180

18
37
60
135

24.2
10.9
8.1
3.1

12
16
41
99

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

1,459
10,981
25,621
63,151
81,391
57,913
47,753

21.9
11.2
10.0
4.4
4.2
2.7
2.3

1,800
11,286
35,444
77,016
77,155
53,179
50,329

39
179
427
1,061
1,562
1,157
990

21.3
11.9
12.4
7.2
5.3
4.6
5.8

42
265
723
1,410
1,661
1,240
1,103

4
20
38
68
84
23
13

33.5
18.4
12.2
5.0
2.5
(L)
16.3

12
26
68
38
15
9

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

60.1

0.4

58.8

61.1

1.0

59.4

52.9

0.9

52.5

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

8,096

12.3

6,777

36

21.7

46

(L)

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

11,423
2,705
4,630
284
267,116
2,111

14.2
26.2
28.9
23.2
3.8
12.8

10,103
2,033
4,429
267
287,092
2,285

69
14
394
4,889
49

19.5
(H)
6.6
5.7
22.3

54
13
461
5,867
49

12
1
232
5

23.7
(L)
4.1
(L)

4
162
2
--continued

18 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Arizona

Arkansas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

California

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

7,835
2,809,901

21.4
10.9

6,020
3,352,038

5,485
791,545

9.3
8.5

6,331
930,658

13,984
2,276,877

13.9
6.9

14,965
2,058,833

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

5,389
1,489
461
227
269

28.3
36.6
59.7
23.6
25.6

4,782
796
191
118
133

384
1,823
2,137
861
280

23.6
10.0
25.2
11.8
14.0

536
2,308
2,203
941
343

5,891
4,821
1,872
748
652

20.0
9.8
10.8
9.8
9.6

6,448
5,335
1,793
750
639

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

119,649

35.4

78,235

538,083

4.5

522,738

1,577,249

4.1

1,246,761

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

49,415
70,234

56.2
24.5

50,766
27,469

102,820
435,263

7.9
5.4

83,831
438,907

1,124,669
452,580

5.0
4.0

804,747
442,014

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

3,448

43.9

1,751

11,293

7.3

10,296

10,114

6.5

13,202

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

7,570
265

21.5
63.7

5,895
125

4,780
705

13.3
20.7

5,430
901

11,416
2,568

16.2
5.1

12,758
2,207

Operators ............................................................ number

7,835

21.4

6,020

5,485

9.3

6,331

13,984

13.9

14,965

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

5,415
2,420

24.5
24.0

3,960
2,060

2,407
3,078

6.3
12.3

2,616
3,715

6,939
7,045

13.0
14.9

7,006
7,959

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

239
336
787
6,473

57.6
44.4
31.1
24.7

162
352
1,007
4,499

269
359
967
3,890

15.4
18.2
9.5
11.0

387
608
1,239
4,097

680
1,035
2,557
9,712

28.1
25.2
18.6
10.6

844
1,446
3,565
9,110

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

44
102
522
1,656
2,248
1,859
1,404

64.0
(H)
38.7
24.7
35.5
33.4
33.6

24
219
650
1,451
1,395
1,327
954

26
242
497
1,201
1,465
1,202
852

41.8
19.6
14.1
11.8
10.0
6.8
12.6

39
232
766
1,524
1,681
1,138
951

70
550
1,092
2,965
4,186
3,108
2,013

34.7
34.1
28.3
16.3
11.6
10.8
8.1

95
445
1,705
4,321
4,281
2,350
1,768

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

61.9

4.3

59.3

59.8

0.7

58.5

60.1

1.1

57.5

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

91

(H)

135

56

27.4

66

1,113

13.1

1,074

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

5,653
29
5
2,122
26

30.0
(H)
(H)
34.5
81.9

4,372
5
1
1,624
18

97
46
126
5,153
63

24.7
48.0
25.6
8.9
21.6

71
33
155
2
5,976
94

246
683
85
62
12,770
138

15.1
29.2
27.4
28.0
13.6
37.0

259
486
74
31
13,970
145
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 19

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Colorado

Connecticut

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Delaware

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

6,860
2,773,515

6.4
3.5

6,942
3,158,274

1,501
74,133

26.6
36.9

1,161
57,929

445
25,876

58.5
40.6

409
(D)

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

1,155
2,350
1,555
863
937

17.2
8.2
5.8
4.8
5.6

1,172
2,074
1,644
939
1,113

593
600
246
52
10

33.5
16.3
9.2
(H)
4.6

391
505
207
49
9

116
229
75
18
7

21.5
85.2
58.0
33.7
12.5

162
168
59
12
8

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

284,736

2.3

405,623

42,984

17.1

36,658

99,872

28.6

100,917

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

94,103
190,632

9.1
2.9

73,274
332,349

28,700
14,284

11.6
41.8

28,988
7,670

9,137
90,735

11.7
31.5

7,869
93,048

Government payments .........................................$1,000

17,903

6.5

19,747

546

14.1

264

525

16.8

469

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

6,243
617

6.8
5.9

6,400
542

1,413
88

28.2
13.2

1,066
95

317
128

76.4
15.5

290
119

Operators ............................................................ number

6,860

6.4

6,942

1,501

26.6

1,161

445

58.5

409

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

3,170
3,690

7.1
5.9

2,443
4,499

829
672

26.5
27.6

552
609

265
180

71.1
40.7

215
194

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

235
421
1,291
4,913

23.1
13.5
8.4
5.3

354
686
1,424
4,478

81
108
303
1,009

26.9
(H)
50.3
10.1

52
91
299
719

5
20
68
352

62.9
31.5
38.1
64.7

15
42
103
249

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

30
218
541
1,525
2,181
1,386
979

11.8
9.0
13.9
9.0
5.7
5.6
4.4

40
254
780
2,105
1,634
1,083
1,046

15
84
131
471
426
233
141

(H)
27.5
70.1
24.0
11.7
11.3
9.2

10
42
167
363
299
189
91

31
36
115
113
121
29

33.0
73.0
34.2
(H)
27.4
32.1

7
21
61
150
97
51
22

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

59.9

0.5

57.7

56.3

4.4

55.6

57.3

1.6

52.9

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

266

32.8

204

25

(H)

18

10

(H)

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

56
34
4
6,729
37

16.5
(H)
53.0
6.2
15.6

94
21
7
7
6,761
52

13
3
1,471
14

(H)
(H)
23.2
19.4

17
10
3
4
1,120
7

6
438
1

(H)
58.1
(H)

3
1
1
404
--continued

20 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Florida

Georgia

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Hawaii

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

9,995
690,431

12.0
7.2

10,429
769,801

6,404
812,730

3.6
2.5

7,532
868,281

1,576
130,959

9.8
2.6

1,806
64,135

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

2,961
4,923
1,514
391
206

18.5
11.2
9.4
7.9
8.6

3,309
4,832
1,529
512
247

720
2,581
2,058
749
296

8.4
3.9
3.4
3.4
3.2

823
3,161
2,390
878
280

1,112
323
90
33
18

11.1
7.9
9.7
18.2
3.2

1,300
410
66
16
14

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

433,338

4.9

615,218

535,864

3.0

452,526

44,449

7.8

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

331,958
101,380

5.1
16.7

504,227
110,992

91,207
444,657

4.0
3.1

62,030
390,496

39,736
4,713

8.4
6.6

31,966
(D)

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

4,740

15.0

5,844

8,901

2.6

8,516

996

17.6

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

9,073
922

12.7
7.5

9,370
1,059

5,751
653

3.8
3.0

6,915
617

1,459
117

10.1
9.1

1,692
114

Operators ............................................................ number

9,995

12.0

10,429

6,404

3.6

7,532

1,576

9.8

1,806

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

4,937
5,058

12.0
12.1

4,768
5,661

2,686
3,718

3.6
3.6

2,815
4,717

761
815

9.6
10.1

868
938

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

316
694
2,022
6,963

22.4
20.4
14.3
10.3

563
1,053
2,498
6,315

321
456
1,251
4,376

9.1
7.7
5.6
2.6

369
694
1,712
4,757

72
135
317
1,052

23.0
16.7
11.7
8.2

131
186
466
1,023

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

41
305
940
2,490
2,907
2,043
1,269

35.5
22.1
20.7
12.3
10.9
10.7
9.8

18
320
1,273
2,933
2,742
1,685
1,458

17
199
506
1,333
1,847
1,442
1,060

29.5
10.8
7.8
5.5
3.1
2.6
4.8

22
274
801
1,858
1,941
1,490
1,146

36
94
370
564
312
200

23.7
16.3
14.3
8.8
13.3
7.3

6
31
121
477
676
251
244

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

59.0

0.6

58.0

60.8

0.4

59.1

60.2

0.9

59.1

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

745

40.6

499

65

24.7

40

81

12.7

99

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

72
203
260
14
9,388
58

22.5
38.0
19.0
33.2
11.6
26.4

99
162
215
8
9,869
76

20
31
286
6
6,036
25

25.1
22.3
7.1
70.1
3.5
20.8

91
49
308
2
7,060
22

12
525
3
140
713
183

37.9
11.8
77.5
17.7
9.4
15.0

17
523
2
118
999
147
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 21

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Idaho

Illinois

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Indiana

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

2,995
694,379

7.9
5.2

3,151
666,357

6,891
843,244

5.0
3.3

7,664
824,094

5,745
541,991

6.6
2.6

6,377
520,437

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

780
1,009
652
283
271

12.6
7.9
7.1
6.1
10.2

813
1,045
688
360
245

950
2,679
2,212
737
313

10.1
5.1
4.9
4.1
8.4

1,591
3,032
1,949
772
320

1,112
2,610
1,463
380
180

12.8
6.8
5.8
4.3
10.4

1,629
2,583
1,562
422
181

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

140,213

15.0

109,928

373,673

2.4

285,745

294,585

3.7

184,701

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

64,268
75,945

33.6
9.9

35,792
74,136

316,702
56,971

3.0
4.4

242,291
43,454

184,728
109,858

5.0
4.8

110,409
74,292

Government payments .........................................$1,000

7,514

9.1

6,269

25,504

3.3

20,377

11,987

6.5

10,320

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

2,673
322

8.3
9.4

2,919
232

5,814
1,077

5.5
2.7

6,704
960

5,111
634

7.2
4.1

5,800
577

Operators ............................................................ number

2,995

7.9

3,151

6,891

5.0

7,664

5,745

6.6

6,377

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

1,335
1,660

7.8
8.1

1,224
1,927

2,421
4,470

4.8
5.1

2,605
5,059

2,092
3,653

6.2
6.8

2,006
4,371

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

141
166
563
2,125

17.6
14.1
10.2
6.9

160
295
682
2,014

300
372
1,000
5,219

10.1
6.9
6.9
4.4

353
615
1,469
5,227

200
291
904
4,350

15.9
14.3
9.2
5.2

361
474
1,235
4,307

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

20
129
272
728
989
512
345

23.8
25.5
14.2
11.0
7.7
5.0
15.5

11
119
404
853
906
450
408

42
232
521
1,277
1,759
1,556
1,504

19.6
9.2
10.5
5.7
5.3
4.4
4.0

44
211
845
1,743
1,899
1,415
1,507

14
215
603
1,344
1,659
993
917

20.3
14.2
13.0
8.7
5.7
5.3
6.9

59
304
858
1,622
1,400
985
1,149

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

58.1

0.8

57.3

62.4

0.4

60.2

59.4

0.6

58.1

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

64

20.6

57

70

20.6

66

40

26.0

28

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

48
7
3
2
2,908
27

19.7
30.3
31.6
(H)
7.9
25.2

74
9
1
4
3,049
14

7
26
23
6,820
15

42.9
19.9
18.0
5.0
27.6

24
8
19
5
7,575
33

10
9
6
3
5,697
20

34.2
47.8
31.6
54.8
6.5
44.0

20
10
13
1
6,322
11
--continued

22 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Iowa

Kansas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Kentucky

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

7,103
868,619

4.6
9.3

8,452
1,090,979

6,783
2,171,286

7.1
5.1

7,943
2,398,113

8,200
876,256

5.8
5.0

9,110
954,488

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

943
2,691
2,175
974
320

15.7
18.4
13.4
22.8
3.1

1,363
2,532
2,780
1,422
355

382
1,603
2,467
1,355
976

14.0
15.9
5.7
4.6
7.4

387
1,696
3,036
1,758
1,066

726
2,944
3,239
1,085
206

10.7
6.4
5.1
5.8
5.1

685
3,199
3,718
1,310
198

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

473,927

6.7

341,393

276,438

22.6

233,536

227,699

3.9

213,932

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

294,178
179,749

10.7
3.2

203,287
138,106

170,615
105,824

20.6
28.9

131,522
102,014

63,062
164,637

3.9
4.4

34,382
179,550

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

37,744

28.1

43,816

31,840

10.1

33,742

13,493

9.1

7,731

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

5,805
1,298

7.1
14.1

7,164
1,288

5,829
954

7.6
7.9

7,125
818

7,689
511

5.9
10.1

8,652
458

Operators ............................................................ number

7,103

4.6

8,452

6,783

7.1

7,943

8,200

5.8

9,110

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

2,264
4,839

4.5
5.2

2,515
5,937

2,126
4,657

7.0
7.2

2,261
5,682

3,115
5,085

6.0
5.8

3,215
5,895

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

291
402
1,036
5,374

8.5
6.4
6.0
4.3

471
529
1,496
5,956

361
448
1,032
4,942

12.2
11.8
10.5
5.8

408
567
1,335
5,633

404
552
1,508
5,736

12.0
8.5
7.3
4.9

575
815
1,880
5,840

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

25
276
521
1,169
1,843
1,435
1,834

32.2
14.6
8.4
7.0
8.2
7.3
5.9

54
267
730
1,519
1,987
1,766
2,129

44
268
482
1,227
1,663
1,450
1,649

18.0
19.0
18.3
10.1
6.6
4.1
5.5

52
262
636
1,525
1,681
1,608
2,179

49
228
840
1,767
2,301
1,658
1,357

25.9
12.2
11.2
6.0
5.4
4.6
11.6

42
298
1,082
2,284
2,304
1,623
1,477

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

63.2

0.6

62.8

62.9

0.9

63.1

60.0

0.8

58.9

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

76

14.8

38

79

49.2

62

38

17.2

54

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

15
26
2
7,038
22

30.8
23.1
67.1
4.6
19.3

6
16
2
1
8,422
5

97
21
34
1
6,579
51

49.0
86.8
35.3
(H)
6.3
22.1

52
12
24
7,821
34

33
15
35
2
8,075
40

29.0
34.5
16.7
47.4
5.8
14.6

42
13
54
2
8,924
75
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 23

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Louisiana

Maine

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Maryland

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

3,457
421,901

17.5
10.6

3,858
460,500

2,381
230,857

16.6
13.7

2,043
151,831

2,296
144,829

14.4
11.8

2,216
134,998

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

531
1,373
1,019
369
165

32.0
19.4
12.5
10.7
11.5

465
1,393
1,396
441
163

567
829
728
192
65

35.0
20.1
11.2
14.1
31.5

434
810
649
113
37

469
1,128
546
124
29

18.1
14.7
14.2
10.9
13.1

465
1,045
545
135
26

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

127,296

9.8

143,318

52,284

9.8

34,878

130,267

4.9

122,484

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

72,976
54,321

11.9
18.3

44,803
98,515

32,607
19,676

13.1
25.2

21,401
13,476

37,195
93,072

9.1
5.1

26,567
95,917

Government payments .........................................$1,000

9,375

9.3

10,919

1,024

13.8

1,286

2,268

16.9

1,874

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

3,234
223

18.1
10.8

3,560
298

2,236
145

17.3
10.2

1,943
100

2,075
221

15.1
23.5

1,977
239

Operators ............................................................ number

3,457

17.5

3,858

2,381

16.6

2,043

2,296

14.4

2,216

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

1,371
2,086

17.1
17.8

1,517
2,341

1,259
1,122

19.5
16.5

895
1,148

1,070
1,226

14.0
14.8

1,082
1,134

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

191
338
600
2,328

36.6
24.9
20.6
14.3

222
335
901
2,400

129
214
588
1,450

65.8
30.6
24.0
12.0

85
286
487
1,185

112
108
370
1,706

24.6
22.2
18.8
12.4

91
178
509
1,438

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

24
130
358
663
994
723
565

41.4
36.1
27.7
23.7
15.2
13.3
11.8

34
134
408
884
956
802
640

15
195
321
739
621
366
124

(H)
37.8
34.5
13.5
12.4
10.3
10.7

19
126
339
694
525
184
156

14
79
216
588
716
428
255

45.1
19.5
25.9
15.7
14.2
11.3
11.3

15
60
324
668
611
327
211

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

60.0

1.1

59.5

53.8

2.1

53.1

58.0

0.9

56.1

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

60

52.6

37

19

(H)

19

36

33.2

21

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

19
12
279
3,119
28

34.2
59.0
21.8
17.3
26.5

15
10
230
1
3,584
18

2
8
56
2,295
20

(H)
(H)
(H)
15.6
52.4

30
5
12
1,977
19

8
13
12
2,250
13

42.8
59.9
26.2
14.4
26.7

4
10
20
5
2,172
5
--continued

24 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Massachusetts

Michigan

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Minnesota

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

2,507
94,598

26.6
13.7

2,226
84,923

7,409
518,091

6.3
5.5

8,275
552,075

6,370
916,195

7.7
8.8

7,361
1,075,238

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

960
1,023
435
79
10

60.9
15.6
19.1
18.1
15.0

899
875
372
69
11

1,161
3,749
1,948
428
123

11.0
6.7
6.0
11.5
10.7

1,228
4,287
2,213
425
122

633
2,111
2,399
918
309

14.9
8.3
9.0
17.1
11.7

624
2,416
2,752
1,216
353

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

51,136

21.9

40,180

232,237

8.7

178,277

398,781

7.4

308,481

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

40,798
10,338

24.1
21.5

30,818
9,362

182,505
49,732

9.5
9.9

120,524
57,752

236,806
161,976

7.9
8.8

143,860
164,621

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

1,211

63.2

355

7,062

7.7

5,473

19,472

19.8

21,250

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

2,333
174

28.1
22.3

2,095
131

6,846
563

6.6
8.4

7,793
482

5,405
965

7.5
12.8

6,611
750

Operators ............................................................ number

2,507

26.6

2,226

7,409

6.3

8,275

6,370

7.7

7,361

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

1,386
1,121

17.3
39.9

1,164
1,062

3,389
4,020

6.2
6.4

3,435
4,840

2,433
3,937

9.4
7.5

2,493
4,868

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

150
223
442
1,692

(H)
(H)
20.6
13.1

148
185
459
1,434

339
466
1,165
5,439

14.2
11.7
7.6
5.4

385
724
1,689
5,477

236
352
944
4,838

18.1
9.6
8.7
7.9

263
466
1,351
5,281

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

40
169
252
712
770
391
173

51.2
81.1
(H)
14.8
11.7
13.7
12.8

25
84
388
667
644
237
181

25
377
909
1,879
2,162
1,195
862

45.1
12.9
11.6
6.3
5.6
7.8
5.7

55
390
1,336
2,427
1,988
1,159
920

42
277
640
1,501
1,650
1,122
1,138

39.7
12.3
10.0
9.4
7.9
9.9
9.5

46
278
932
1,909
1,652
1,252
1,292

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

55.0

5.6

54.4

57.2

0.5

55.6

59.6

1.1

58.7

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

24

(H)

21

116

18.3

81

45

21.8

49

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

2
38
32
2,416
19

(H)
99.7
(H)
12.9
57.4

10
23
5
2,179
9

38
20
48
2
7,266
35

16.6
19.0
11.2
27.4
6.3
36.4

91
14
60
4
8,030
76

30
147
2
3
6,174
14

10.5
27.5
(H)
31.6
7.6
59.8

33
71
1
7,238
18
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 25

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Mississippi

Missouri

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Montana

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

5,282
915,977

7.9
9.5

6,130
1,092,940

11,127
1,731,966

3.0
2.6

12,754
1,953,637

4,243
4,396,640

7.8
4.0

4,586
3,867,449

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

313
1,389
2,123
1,135
322

12.4
8.1
6.9
10.6
13.8

411
1,590
2,500
1,222
407

661
3,339
4,352
2,140
635

8.3
3.8
2.8
3.2
3.9

723
3,928
5,083
2,375
645

536
1,137
775
674
1,121

19.6
10.4
9.0
6.5
4.0

445
1,159
893
807
1,282

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

343,727

18.5

335,048

338,797

5.4

323,877

199,912

4.6

124,893

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

55,842
287,885

31.9
16.7

41,330
293,718

114,216
224,582

3.9
6.9

109,605
214,272

99,446
100,466

6.7
7.7

53,443
71,450

Government payments .........................................$1,000

14,533

15.0

16,687

25,096

3.3

25,568

18,804

4.2

21,713

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

4,862
420

7.6
30.7

5,676
454

10,202
925

3.1
3.5

11,880
874

3,555
688

8.8
6.0

3,966
620

Operators ............................................................ number

5,282

7.9

6,130

11,127

3.0

12,754

4,243

7.8

4,586

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

1,707
3,575

9.5
7.7

1,848
4,282

4,199
6,928

2.9
3.1

4,590
8,164

1,791
2,452

6.7
8.7

1,670
2,916

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

265
352
916
3,749

10.3
15.4
8.2
8.0

298
473
1,181
4,178

560
717
1,765
8,085

6.5
5.0
4.4
2.5

647
992
2,460
8,655

193
182
679
3,189

13.3
16.8
11.2
6.6

211
322
844
3,209

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

16
162
365
912
1,331
1,125
1,371

26.1
12.7
10.5
8.6
8.1
7.4
9.5

27
120
569
1,211
1,407
1,241
1,555

43
373
846
2,241
2,747
2,341
2,536

14.8
9.5
8.6
6.0
2.8
4.7
2.7

66
407
1,354
2,742
2,951
2,504
2,730

16
146
366
844
1,230
887
754

18.1
23.2
13.0
8.7
7.0
6.9
6.0

13
180
424
1,121
1,294
779
775

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

63.7

0.5

62.7

62.3

0.5

60.9

60.8

0.7

59.4

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

54

21.3

65

72

19.7

65

45

32.2

34

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

34
21
676
2
4,534
15

15.1
28.6
9.8
67.1
7.8
30.3

33
5
792
1
5,282
17

70
61
19
2
10,875
100

16.7
11.3
35.7
67.1
2.9
15.0

54
36
31
1
12,519
113

260
11
2
3,945
25

7.9
64.5
82.2
7.9
25.5

258
6
2
4
4,270
46
--continued

26 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Nebraska

Nevada

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

New Hampshire

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

4,091
1,970,004

9.7
7.8

4,025
2,231,833

904
314,994

36.9
30.0

601
165,205

1,358
78,678

14.4
13.0

1,237
70,609

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

570
1,090
1,125
665
641

20.0
19.1
7.3
16.9
11.0

354
872
1,275
825
699

340
280
176
48
60

46.6
32.6
31.5
32.7
48.9

202
204
103
44
48

440
514
331
60
13

22.7
16.7
9.7
18.9
38.3

341
509
307
72
8

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

431,857

10.8

259,388

85,434

10.2

17,801

21,126

6.9

15,891

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

198,480
233,377

11.3
16.8

124,700
134,688

14,029
71,406

59.2
6.2

6,004
11,797

9,997
11,129

10.4
6.5

7,751
8,140

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

17,958

7.1

18,201

278

54.1

478

532

10.7

316

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

3,186
905

11.9
23.6

3,202
823

826
78

36.9
40.2

543
58

1,291
67

14.9
12.9

1,168
69

Operators ............................................................ number

4,091

9.7

4,025

904

36.9

601

1,358

14.4

1,237

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

1,540
2,551

10.6
10.9

1,539
2,486

471
433

34.8
39.7

307
294

725
633

14.9
15.8

673
564

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

205
276
574
3,036

40.9
18.6
14.0
9.6

158
251
736
2,880

18
56
158
672

52.5
(H)
57.4
26.6

26
51
117
407

92
100
249
917

25.7
39.6
21.9
11.2

68
131
304
734

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

19
183
419
795
1,116
696
863

(H)
29.5
21.5
13.9
12.3
10.9
6.6

14
157
388
809
941
777
939

24
64
214
294
205
103

82.2
99.9
43.7
32.9
24.6
23.6

1
20
93
176
157
85
69

5
76
195
466
377
179
60

65.6
53.5
23.6
12.5
14.7
11.4
7.7

17
66
256
396
325
131
46

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

60.7

1.5

61.6

60.1

1.3

56.2

53.8

1.7

52.1

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

24

81.5

35

29.3

30

(H)

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

4
1
3
4,073
10

(H)
(H)
70.7
9.7
30.9

3
1
4,019
2

111
1
787
5

23.4
(H)
38.2
(H)

56
2
4
535
4

1
1
25
1,319
12

(H)
(H)
(H)
13.9
47.3

3
4
1,223
7
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 27

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
New Jersey

New Mexico

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

New York

2012
2007
total

Total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

1,832
64,643

5.1
7.1

2,261
66,586

4,777
4,792,863

17.7
5.1

4,646
4,098,171

6,459
604,791

13.2
9.8

6,688
592,787

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

535
982
277
30
8

6.4
5.8
7.0
31.5
29.0

776
1,172
275
31
7

1,785
748
619
411
1,214

28.5
18.2
19.5
16.2
13.7

2,007
833
615
412
779

947
2,449
2,255
669
139

21.9
14.3
11.3
11.0
8.3

1,072
2,527
2,290
675
124

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

29,743

3.0

50,127

88,529

16.8

112,020

215,896

6.5

205,671

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

21,368
8,375

3.1
9.7

39,369
10,759

45,912
42,618

30.8
4.5

47,253
64,767

89,821
126,075

6.0
7.4

81,576
124,096

Government payments .........................................$1,000

358

6.3

565

7,974

8.4

6,005

4,405

6.4

3,075

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

1,707
125

5.2
9.2

2,143
118

4,511
266

18.5
11.8

4,372
274

5,756
703

14.0
9.3

6,055
633

Operators ............................................................ number

1,832

5.1

2,261

4,777

17.7

4,646

6,459

13.2

6,688

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

977
855

5.1
5.3

1,115
1,146

2,379
2,398

14.5
21.1

2,222
2,424

3,474
2,985

12.3
14.3

3,204
3,484

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

51
100
345
1,336

7.1
13.2
6.7
4.6

111
171
491
1,488

168
221
659
3,729

53.5
34.4
36.0
12.6

220
249
713
3,464

307
450
1,242
4,460

31.9
20.2
16.1
10.6

364
592
1,505
4,227

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

1
45
160
541
579
325
181

7.3
20.1
7.4
6.7
3.8
5.2
4.3

12
75
359
729
573
290
223

45
116
257
869
1,260
1,216
1,014

40.2
(H)
32.9
22.1
17.7
12.4
9.2

22
117
315
911
1,156
1,141
984

46
348
810
1,878
1,925
1,027
425

55.3
29.9
19.6
13.6
11.0
8.8
6.8

61
379
1,077
2,202
1,806
691
472

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

58.2

0.4

55.4

62.9

1.4

62.4

55.4

0.9

53.4

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

28

40.6

20

1,043

22.0

773

52

25.5

53

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

4
20
7
3
1,794
4

53.0
47.4
23.5
44.7
4.8
62.7

3
5
5
2,243
5

2,004
2
8
6
2,726
31

10.7
(H)
59.3
5.2
24.1
41.3

1,860
5
11
6
2,738
26

28
25
14
6,357
35

26.0
19.5
39.5
13.2
22.5

41
19
16
6,599
13
--continued

28 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
North Carolina

North Dakota

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Ohio

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

6,453
510,008

11.5
8.0

7,016
514,123

3,233
1,587,910

14.3
8.2

3,656
1,794,582

8,702
656,763

11.8
11.4

9,127
721,851

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

891
3,144
1,898
391
129

20.1
12.5
7.6
10.2
8.1

1,133
3,376
2,000
381
126

97
486
1,195
849
606

76.7
19.4
14.0
13.0
12.6

43
408
1,265
1,175
765

1,361
3,843
2,698
660
140

18.3
12.5
12.8
14.0
6.8

1,715
3,784
2,748
698
182

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

677,844

6.9

603,564

136,586

14.1

84,183

230,184

11.9

187,623

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

124,330
553,514

10.6
6.5

83,971
519,593

109,306
27,280

15.6
9.8

65,674
18,509

158,757
71,427

13.9
10.4

125,005
62,617

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

5,979

6.3

6,162

20,552

10.4

23,718

10,805

9.6

11,622

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

5,842
611

12.1
7.6

6,311
705

2,916
317

15.1
16.8

3,327
329

7,931
771

11.4
17.1

8,424
703

Operators ............................................................ number

6,453

11.5

7,016

3,233

14.3

3,656

8,702

11.8

9,127

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

2,891
3,562

11.8
11.4

3,022
3,994

868
2,365

16.9
13.8

891
2,765

3,348
5,354

10.0
13.0

3,518
5,609

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

324
518
1,299
4,312

19.8
23.0
13.4
9.2

383
799
1,576
4,258

86
166
411
2,570

70.4
32.8
19.2
11.7

138
219
594
2,705

332
538
1,468
6,364

19.1
17.2
12.6
11.3

387
771
1,900
6,069

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

33
219
650
1,569
2,025
1,186
771

18.0
22.6
21.1
14.1
10.1
8.2
6.7

40
240
926
2,050
1,793
1,106
861

34
121
175
454
699
642
1,108

70.5
32.7
20.1
21.6
16.1
13.1
10.7

36
116
263
589
770
705
1,177

51
382
918
2,058
2,457
1,519
1,317

27.9
17.0
14.9
14.5
12.3
16.7
11.5

42
349
1,245
2,476
2,215
1,455
1,345

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

58.4

0.8

57.1

65.5

1.3

64.5

58.9

0.8

57.7

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

46

40.7

99

39

(H)

11

90

27.3

45

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

77
41
198
6,104
33

17.6
(H)
12.8
10.9
21.9

72
18
192
7
6,693
34

37
14
3,171
11

37.7
(H)
12.4
(H)

36
2
2
3,607
9

24
21
24
8,593
40

30.9
25.1
26.2
11.9
32.2

25
20
33
2
9,014
33
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 29

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Oklahoma

Oregon

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Pennsylvania

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

9,076
2,469,437

5.8
3.5

10,849
2,609,564

7,013
1,437,568

6.2
3.8

8,255
1,427,753

8,460
570,120

6.6
4.8

8,550
585,218

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

675
2,335
3,369
1,697
1,000

25.0
9.9
4.4
7.5
6.6

683
2,716
4,152
2,213
1,085

2,528
2,625
1,117
396
347

10.1
5.2
4.6
6.8
8.4

2,739
3,336
1,285
485
410

1,401
3,640
2,776
570
73

12.5
6.7
5.5
4.5
8.5

1,199
3,692
3,032
556
71

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

292,966

17.9

260,946

263,407

3.2

207,236

320,844

8.6

212,493

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

77,186
215,780

8.9
22.0

48,391
212,555

187,495
75,912

2.1
7.5

132,807
74,429

167,481
153,363

2.1
16.4

78,355
134,137

Government payments .........................................$1,000

17,993

6.9

16,709

8,136

8.1

7,072

5,732

4.2

4,655

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

8,300
776

6.1
16.0

10,047
802

6,414
599

6.5
3.0

7,653
602

7,790
670

7.0
5.5

7,951
599

Operators ............................................................ number

9,076

5.8

10,849

7,013

6.2

8,255

8,460

6.6

8,550

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

3,722
5,354

5.6
5.9

4,179
6,670

3,473
3,540

5.4
7.0

3,771
4,484

4,252
4,208

6.5
6.9

3,414
5,136

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

371
651
1,631
6,423

13.6
15.2
8.5
4.2

569
940
2,228
7,112

257
445
1,292
5,019

15.4
10.6
8.3
5.3

455
769
1,696
5,335

314
531
1,458
6,157

14.8
11.3
9.6
5.4

424
663
1,710
5,753

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

77
397
801
1,755
2,255
1,944
1,847

18.1
19.7
14.8
7.3
6.0
3.5
2.8

113
441
1,007
2,126
2,654
2,287
2,221

13
279
592
1,598
2,303
1,457
771

41.9
11.2
11.4
7.6
6.0
5.3
6.5

34
364
1,001
2,482
2,382
1,230
762

53
410
965
2,245
2,418
1,494
875

15.9
13.2
9.3
8.5
5.5
6.1
6.4

70
503
1,106
2,418
2,240
1,262
951

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

61.0

0.9

60.8

58.9

0.6

56.1

57.2

0.4

55.9

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

169

47.8

117

164

16.2

153

70

19.0

60

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

916
39
160
5
7,702
254

10.7
89.1
69.6
(H)
5.1
17.0

900
46
157
2
9,476
268

98
71
5
10
6,764
65

15.5
18.6
50.2
56.1
6.1
14.1

123
56
6
10
7,948
112

18
36
4
5
8,359
38

23.6
30.0
75.0
97.3
6.6
13.2

21
12
3
8,484
30
--continued

30 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Rhode Island

South Carolina

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

South Dakota

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

306
(D)

25.5
(D)

297
10,245

4,009
414,624

9.1
9.4

4,085
463,621

2,333
1,795,145

7.0
2.7

2,394
1,897,957

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

114
123
56
11
2

32.5
31.1
15.4
78.1
47.4

104
125
61
6
1

535
1,719
1,207
432
116

17.2
10.0
8.2
7.8
20.2

503
1,690
1,272
497
123

151
555
768
357
502

7.7
19.2
7.1
9.6
6.5

132
523
734
442
563

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

6,192

39.8

9,100

150,063

7.4

125,228

197,106

3.7

132,860

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

5,003
1,189

47.2
17.9

7,985
1,116

32,355
117,707

18.8
6.9

23,248
101,980

110,186
86,920

5.5
3.0

63,447
69,412

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

1,070

25.2

26

3,259

6.9

5,401

11,609

4.3

10,070

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

271
35

18.7
83.7

270
27

3,815
194

9.1
13.2

3,898
187

1,845
488

8.2
7.5

1,983
411

Operators ............................................................ number

306

25.5

297

4,009

9.1

4,085

2,333

7.0

2,394

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

192
114

26.8
23.9

198
99

1,680
2,329

9.6
8.7

1,383
2,702

862
1,471

5.9
7.9

851
1,543

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

19
26
68
193

(H)
(H)
16.9
11.4

24
22
59
192

208
219
674
2,908

17.7
15.6
11.7
9.1

214
326
916
2,629

110
119
275
1,829

15.0
17.3
8.7
6.1

93
169
438
1,694

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

7
12
46
94
93
38
16

55.9
(H)
31.1
29.1
17.8
35.4
24.4

21
55
100
67
35
19

149
327
925
1,279
771
558

16.5
15.5
10.5
8.9
10.8
5.8

7
132
508
962
1,138
676
662

21
112
208
467
561
449
515

82.7
14.4
17.4
9.3
6.5
8.2
6.5

28
99
275
511
539
464
478

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

53.6

3.6

52.7

59.7

0.5

59.1

61.0

0.9

59.9

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

54.4

32

33.9

20

16

88.0

13

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

6
299
1

(H)
12.0
(H)

8
285
4

30
18
211
3,729
21

19.9
46.8
8.4
9.1
33.8

28
6
279
3
3,741
28

140
2,183
10

18.6
6.7
54.5

136
3
2,237
18
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 31

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Tennessee

Texas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Utah

2012
2007
total

Total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

7,770
733,618

4.9
7.7

9,960
791,498

38,451
12,169,228

12.3
8.4

35,011
12,275,184

2,018
327,752

11.1
6.0

1,797
347,301

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

569
3,320
2,940
802
139

10.4
6.7
4.1
6.4
4.4

1,143
4,393
3,454
832
138

4,322
12,823
11,452
5,863
3,991

33.6
16.2
11.6
11.8
9.9

4,166
11,156
10,031
5,693
3,965

850
589
308
121
150

13.5
12.0
10.3
18.8
10.4

732
523
281
144
117

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

139,229

7.6

154,756

820,134

16.1

753,464

33,932

7.2

43,780

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

56,476
82,753

28.8
8.3

34,890
119,865

302,886
517,248

12.6
20.0

245,966
507,499

11,824
22,108

8.7
6.8

10,966
32,813

Government payments .........................................$1,000

5,092

9.5

7,064

64,553

10.3

62,203

1,070

12.5

1,736

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

7,515
255

5.1
3.4

9,634
326

36,324
2,127

12.6
10.0

33,147
1,864

1,907
111

11.3
11.4

1,695
102

Operators ............................................................ number

7,770

4.9

9,960

38,451

12.3

35,011

2,018

11.1

1,797

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

3,080
4,690

4.8
5.1

3,649
6,311

15,647
22,804

11.3
13.1

13,216
21,795

813
1,205

12.3
11.9

709
1,088

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

417
566
1,597
5,190

8.4
6.1
5.8
4.6

622
939
1,871
6,528

1,809
2,578
7,101
26,963

20.8
16.9
17.6
10.2

1,984
2,962
7,797
22,268

84
122
346
1,466

16.5
20.6
12.1
10.1

79
109
362
1,247

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

20
290
741
1,592
2,226
1,607
1,294

47.9
9.1
7.2
8.4
4.9
4.5
4.1

45
309
1,098
2,378
2,480
1,868
1,782

123
1,080
2,693
7,485
10,390
8,728
7,952

34.6
41.7
28.9
20.8
16.7
10.5
10.5

207
1,005
3,155
7,795
8,837
6,872
7,140

16
99
238
403
549
403
310

50.1
14.9
16.8
10.9
10.3
13.6
13.2

10
77
221
453
421
336
279

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

60.1

0.6

59.6

62.2

0.9

60.9

58.7

0.9

58.3

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

73

22.3

56

2,438

20.5

2,062

68

27.3

35

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

36
11
154
1
7,530
38

21.7
60.4
7.6
(H)
4.9
29.1

58
12
138
2
9,671
79

464
121
1,240
1
36,340
285

81.2
25.6
78.0
(H)
10.9
17.7

326
90
891
4
33,397
303

268
4
1
1,741
4

12.2
67.1
24.0
11.8
62.7

287
10
1,492
8
--continued

32 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
Vermont

Virginia

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Washington

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

1,642
144,947

17.5
10.4

1,466
144,874

7,653
780,688

5.3
3.6

7,846
748,779

7,519
776,047

14.1
5.4

8,090
881,612

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

243
733
454
177
35

48.6
16.9
13.0
13.4
12.6

243
532
486
168
37

920
3,316
2,425
751
241

11.5
6.2
4.7
7.8
3.5

975
3,300
2,563
814
194

2,952
2,783
1,091
397
296

22.4
10.3
9.0
11.0
12.8

2,915
3,199
1,108
500
368

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

46,760

5.9

35,075

238,767

7.1

209,105

259,074

6.4

184,307

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

15,436
31,323

11.6
6.6

8,473
26,602

63,780
174,987

5.1
8.0

46,592
162,513

172,281
86,793

5.8
8.9

120,393
63,914

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

1,010

9.3

431

4,220

9.2

2,519

13,965

8.8

12,121

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

1,499
143

18.8
9.6

1,355
111

7,187
466

5.3
12.0

7,426
420

7,017
502

14.8
6.6

7,574
516

Operators ............................................................ number

1,642

17.5

1,466

7,653

5.3

7,846

7,519

14.1

8,090

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

909
733

16.2
20.2

728
738

3,351
4,302

5.2
5.5

3,484
4,362

3,453
4,066

13.2
14.9

3,672
4,418

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

75
173
409
985

42.1
34.3
25.8
12.0

57
138
380
891

307
515
1,483
5,348

13.1
13.5
7.4
4.1

371
810
1,855
4,810

369
526
1,575
5,049

43.2
24.7
17.1
10.8

387
891
1,833
4,979

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

5
137
192
417
533
214
144

92.0
49.8
28.2
21.6
12.3
14.7
7.1

10
103
255
388
386
193
131

46
300
687
1,906
2,300
1,399
1,015

22.9
12.9
13.5
6.9
4.6
4.2
3.5

38
301
1,011
2,176
1,993
1,247
1,080

43
406
815
1,692
2,251
1,476
836

(H)
25.1
24.9
17.0
10.8
11.2
8.6

62
323
1,143
2,320
2,293
1,112
837

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ................................................................

55.3

1.6

54.5

58.6

0.5

57.5

57.9

1.3

56.0

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin ..................................

17

(H)

76

58.1

53

220

21.3

207

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

5
10
4
4
1,613
6

(H)
(H)
(H)
67.4
14.3
(H)

10
3
1,441
12

59
40
167
7,370
17

14.2
50.4
9.4
5.4
16.7

55
25
180
4
7,526
56

122
122
6
10
7,153
106

17.2
41.8
59.2
47.4
13.8
27.0

141
72
5
18
7,780
74
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 33

Table 2. Women Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator


Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]
West Virginia

Wisconsin

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Wyoming

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

2,705
336,900

5.7
7.1

3,219
378,591

7,348
672,383

5.0
3.0

9,176
860,130

1,618
2,660,417

20.7
7.5

1,604
2,409,371

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

256
774
1,175
410
90

11.1
7.4
5.4
9.7
6.7

242
965
1,446
491
75

1,058
2,947
2,491
738
114

9.5
5.6
4.0
3.3
6.3

1,153
3,502
3,350
1,034
137

229
383
346
221
439

46.8
25.7
20.8
13.3
11.3

164
347
404
229
460

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

62,462

14.8

46,563

325,160

1.6

287,523

81,177

6.4

67,102

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

15,023
47,440

33.5
12.1

9,079
37,484

139,812
185,348

1.4
2.2

95,826
191,698

18,747
62,430

23.2
5.5

8,377
58,726

Government payments .........................................$1,000

512

11.3

180

10,309

2.5

11,214

2,141

31.1

2,584

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

2,619
86

5.8
5.4

3,148
71

6,452
896

5.5
2.4

8,273
903

1,321
297

24.1
6.8

1,345
259

Operators ............................................................ number

2,705

5.7

3,219

7,348

5.0

9,176

1,618

20.7

1,604

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

1,138
1,567

5.5
6.1

1,362
1,857

2,925
4,423

4.4
5.4

3,593
5,583

752
866

15.9
24.9

692
912

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

116
199
501
1,889

17.2
11.0
7.0
4.6

118
269
656
2,176

361
467
1,208
5,312

10.1
9.9
6.6
4.0

489
698
1,838
6,151

70
95
311
1,142

47.5
35.9
26.0
16.9

119
162
320
1,003

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

11
156
238
577
811
498
414

55.9
13.5
11.4
8.1
4.8
7.5
7.6

7
136
370
872
778
581
475

53
310
923
1,965
2,181
1,092
824

17.5
11.1
8.7
5.9
4.4
6.7
3.2

44
471
1,440
2,764
2,157
1,224
1,076

22
108
171
340
491
280
206

93.3
29.0
24.6
26.7
19.7
16.5
11.3

15
127
175
404
404
260
219

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

Average age ...............................................................

59.2

0.5

58.3

56.9

0.6

55.7

57.5

1.6

56.6

Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin .................................

15

33.6

24

25

24.1

22

19

65.3

21

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

11
8
3
2,672
11

29.9
50.3
(H)
5.7
35.6

11
2
2
3,193
11

17
77
4
7,229
21

32.1
15.9
33.5
5.0
21.2

27
69
8
9,035
37

26
6
1,576
10

33.4
(H)
20.3
44.5

57
1
1,539
7

34 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
United States

Alabama

2012
Item
Total

Alaska

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

67,014
20,924,428

8.2
11.8

55,570
17,054,007

332
57,843

32.5
17.6

260
42,988

12
999

(L)
(L)

7
1,147

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

16,046
22,971
14,575
6,934
6,488

15.4
8.0
7.5
7.2
10.5

12,139
19,687
12,169
6,215
5,360

41
98
108
52
33

66.8
37.9
28.8
19.4
36.4

33
122
52
32
21

6
2
3
1

(L)
(L)
(L)
(L)

1
2
1
3
-

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

8,613,517

5.5

6,648,073

24,599

27.6

15,778

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

5,381,512
3,232,005

5.8
7.0

4,066,957
2,581,116

13,635
10,964

17.7
41.0

1,992
13,786

323
(D)

(L)
(D)

96
(D)

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

104,951

7.8

82,780

701

20.9

382

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

56,992
10,022

8.8
5.6

47,541
8,029

293
39

35.9
39.3

230
30

9
3

(L)
(L)

6
1

Operators ............................................................ number

67,014

8.2

55,570

332

32.5

260

12

(L)

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

58,918
8,096

8.0
12.3

48,793
6,777

296
36

33.8
21.7

214
46

5
7

(L)
(L)

6
1

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

31,832
35,182

7.2
9.5

24,933
30,637

149
183

24.6
39.1

95
165

6
6

(L)
(L)

3
4

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

3,127
4,803
13,564
45,520

16.0
20.1
10.7
6.4

3,339
5,358
12,314
34,559

29
15
60
228

80.0
83.6
55.1
18.3

25
26
43
166

1
2
9

(L)
(L)
(L)

2
1
4

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

387
3,037
8,446
17,196
17,925
12,889
7,134

53.0
24.9
14.9
11.3
6.4
4.8
5.2

298
2,700
8,211
14,995
14,332
9,660
5,374

1
26
43
69
91
53
49

(L)
86.9
76.1
25.9
19.8
22.6
23.6

3
16
39
54
57
56
35

1
3
4
2
1
1

(L)
(L)
(L)
(L)
(L)
(L)

1
1
3
1
1
-

Average age ................................................................

57.1

0.7

56.0

57.4

3.5

57.1

50.7

(L)

49.1

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

1,750
667
612
225
63,073
687

9.0
7.6
8.9
17.1
8.3
9.8

1,697
604
597
204
51,869
599

7
2
31
290
2

27.1
(H)
21.8
33.6
74.6

3
4
24
222
7

1
10
1

(L)
(L)
(L)

1
6
-

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 35

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Arizona

Arkansas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

California

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

716
477,005

(H)
(H)

806
243,326

509
96,097

20.3
26.0

395
87,057

9,816
1,513,408

10.8
5.9

9,118
1,444,764

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

233
190
101
87
105

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)

337
190
135
48
96

39
194
157
88
31

40.0
28.0
34.1
37.5
15.3

59
142
117
46
31

3,500
3,788
1,487
565
476

23.2
4.7
7.2
5.6
8.9

3,078
3,893
1,206
488
453

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

277,080

48.5

202,746

58,880

21.9

48,671

3,548,366

4.1

2,697,727

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

189,967
87,113

68.1
10.5

155,181
47,565

11,954
46,926

51.6
15.4

13,052
35,619

2,955,361
593,005

4.7
4.8

2,223,020
474,708

Government payments .........................................$1,000

2,363

99.5

6,251

792

23.4

1,036

11,681

4.0

14,364

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

522
194

(H)
(H)

688
118

437
72

23.1
25.5

321
74

6,222
3,594

16.5
3.3

6,093
3,025

Operators ............................................................ number

716

(H)

806

509

20.3

395

9,816

10.8

9,118

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

625
91

(H)
(H)

671
135

453
56

20.6
27.4

329
66

8,703
1,113

10.8
13.1

8,044
1,074

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

415
301

(H)
(H)

401
405

238
271

18.7
21.8

200
195

5,869
3,947

7.0
19.0

5,145
3,973

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

34
55
102
525

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)

57
72
132
545

21
32
109
347

47.7
29.1
26.9
21.8

27
61
94
213

509
722
2,316
6,269

20.1
83.6
11.0
6.0

637
1,135
2,321
5,025

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

6
30
70
155
196
155
104

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)

16
23
68
194
216
168
121

1
21
96
133
118
86
54

(L)
27.3
21.7
28.0
24.1
20.1
24.5

30
73
114
90
59
29

62
470
1,337
2,621
2,829
1,653
844

28.0
24.5
15.0
25.2
6.2
6.7
4.7

30
400
1,483
2,758
2,280
1,438
729

Average age ...............................................................

59.3

7.4

59.0

55.8

1.5

54.0

56.1

1.0

55.0

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

52
11
4
649
-

(H)
96.8
(H)
(H)
-

121
10
1
665
9

21
1
14
460
13

32.6
22.2
41.2
19.8
41.9

9
4
7
366
9

333
310
31
65
8,944
133

7.4
9.9
16.5
12.2
11.2
10.1

291
294
32
26
8,364
111

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

36 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Colorado

Connecticut

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Delaware

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

2,318
914,640

21.4
16.3

1,846
845,517

81
4,362

(H)
(H)

61
3,031

23
1,852

(H)
(H)

28
1,483

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

233
746
634
338
367

81.9
22.4
16.6
12.9
15.8

167
520
540
318
301

37
25
9
10
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
-

20
25
10
6
-

1
15
6
1

9.2
(H)
(H)
12.8

6
12
9
1

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

532,069

8.8

424,504

1,350

(H)

375

(D)

(D)

8,819

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

63,212
468,858

29.0
6.3

42,099
382,405

922
429

53.9
(H)

139
236

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

320
8,499

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

3,559

24.3

2,470

16

(H)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

2,021
297

23.7
25.6

1,644
202

73
8

(H)
68.7

60
1

13
10

(H)
38.4

13
15

Operators ............................................................ number

2,318

21.4

1,846

81

(H)

61

23

(H)

28

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

2,052
266

20.1
32.8

1,642
204

56
25

(H)
(H)

43
18

13
10

63.9
(H)

26
2

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

1,176
1,142

20.6
22.7

778
1,068

46
35

(H)
(H)

33
28

16
7

(H)
75.4

11
17

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

83
127
396
1,712

72.4
53.7
27.9
15.7

85
164
307
1,290

11
28
42

(H)
(H)
(H)

3
4
11
43

23

(H)

7
2
19

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

10
81
211
549
719
456
292

41.4
86.0
25.9
33.9
14.0
14.0
13.9

12
58
197
554
464
392
169

6
1
15
16
20
10
13

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)

2
13
20
13
8
5

6
3
7
6
1

61.7
67.7
(H)
(H)
(H)

12
11
5
-

Average age ................................................................

58.8

1.5

57.0

55.5

9.3

54.2

55.7

7.1

45.5

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

66
6
7
2,213
26

21.9
31.6
(H)
21.6
17.8

119
5
3
1,701
18

4
2
75
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
-

4
57
-

1
22
-

5.1
(H)
-

1
25
2

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 37

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Florida

Georgia

2012
Item
Total

Hawaii

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

4,459
510,243

39.6
15.4

3,161
352,184

443
76,278

22.4
26.9

365
64,531

383
23,073

14.5
12.0

442
39,500

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

2,077
1,750
374
153
105

52.3
33.3
22.2
19.3
25.5

1,578
1,185
253
92
53

39
148
164
70
22

54.4
25.0
17.0
18.7
20.0

45
145
109
49
17

242
86
30
14
11

14.2
19.3
27.0
20.4
17.2

272
110
36
16
8

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

794,244

7.8

719,770

87,037

4.9

88,770

30,221

14.0

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

679,987
114,257

7.4
15.5

630,732
89,038

25,472
61,565

4.1
5.9

23,196
65,574

20,093
10,128

21.4
2.6

11,690
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

5,968

27.1

3,770

404

12.5

991

272

18.0

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

3,625
834

43.9
23.3

2,522
639

378
65

25.2
7.9

300
65

344
39

15.1
11.7

385
57

Operators ............................................................ number

4,459

39.6

3,161

443

22.4

365

383

14.5

442

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

3,714
745

39.6
40.6

2,662
499

378
65

22.2
24.7

325
40

302
81

15.3
12.7

343
99

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

2,374
2,085

35.1
45.0

1,546
1,615

184
259

16.2
27.0

158
207

211
172

12.9
16.7

222
220

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

215
427
1,139
2,678

80.8
64.0
47.2
29.5

272
433
900
1,556

21
42
107
273

38.6
40.2
27.4
18.0

24
50
97
194

29
24
72
258

18.8
18.1
19.7
13.0

34
39
99
270

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

35
231
616
1,272
1,039
831
435

(H)
57.7
58.6
46.1
33.4
27.1
24.1

12
188
614
866
767
503
211

7
13
73
109
110
79
52

35.9
26.3
34.6
32.4
18.7
14.8
15.0

6
20
71
80
78
75
35

3
12
41
101
111
83
32

59.8
27.2
17.9
19.3
13.5
23.7
14.2

9
20
53
115
131
65
49

Average age ...............................................................

56.0

1.7

54.2

56.6

1.4

55.7

57.8

1.3

56.4

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

19
32
46
16
4,336
10

43.4
30.7
34.3
57.1
39.7
59.1

29
38
51
26
3,006
11

2
1
18
2
414
6

(H)
(L)
39.7
(H)
21.8
44.7

11
8
18
1
327
-

6
124
2
43
147
61

52.4
16.3
(H)
23.9
13.5
19.5

12
112
1
46
200
71

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

38 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Idaho

Illinois

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Indiana

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

695
179,677

14.7
11.0

610
118,874

475
97,407

26.4
30.9

325
57,506

276
54,881

23.5
9.0

217
35,333

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

194
233
121
69
78

18.0
14.0
16.2
17.8
16.3

195
249
82
42
42

71
183
125
56
40

55.7
27.7
21.5
16.2
40.4

53
124
72
47
29

48
122
64
22
20

45.3
22.5
24.8
17.2
10.6

22
107
50
25
13

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

156,228

12.8

93,987

44,269

28.6

29,208

34,152

7.7

13,708

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

34,147
122,081

11.7
17.3

19,634
74,352

34,931
9,338

20.3
65.5

21,632
7,575

20,963
13,189

8.7
12.1

10,511
3,198

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

1,103

10.0

764

1,870

29.5

1,075

851

9.8

615

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

509
186

14.4
16.8

508
102

362
113

32.2
14.9

242
83

228
48

26.7
14.0

181
36

Operators ............................................................ number

695

14.7

610

475

26.4

325

276

23.5

217

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

631
64

14.9
20.6

553
57

405
70

27.8
20.6

259
66

236
40

23.4
26.0

189
28

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

370
325

15.0
14.6

263
347

214
261

20.4
31.7

149
176

88
188

15.3
27.6

80
137

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

28
37
144
486

18.2
26.6
15.0
14.1

25
70
144
371

19
29
90
337

94.0
35.6
45.9
17.4

23
38
62
202

6
11
30
229

89.5
61.6
23.5
20.4

9
8
56
144

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

4
46
86
181
224
100
54

23.7
15.0
24.8
18.0
12.6
10.2
10.9

14
120
233
152
66
25

4
26
80
137
114
68
46

23.7
62.6
34.7
32.7
21.1
13.0
18.1

29
50
88
74
49
35

16
27
70
73
54
36

48.0
21.7
29.1
24.7
17.6
17.7

11
16
39
39
49
46
17

Average age ................................................................

55.4

0.8

53.0

55.4

1.7

54.6

58.2

1.8

54.2

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

15
5
6
667
2

20.0
65.7
38.7
14.9
4.6

7
3
1
596
3

4
6
8
450
7

41.1
44.7
69.1
26.9
49.0

2
4
312
7

3
2
5
2
262
2

63.2
47.4
32.9
82.2
23.8
47.4

212
5

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 39

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Iowa

Kansas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Kentucky

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

378
88,957

16.2
21.1

346
103,666

693
347,688

50.6
58.1

555
335,823

482
49,143

18.4
14.2

408
59,705

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

55
156
77
46
44

20.6
16.1
21.4
81.5
26.5

42
66
93
77
68

25
182
239
96
151

96.7
(H)
40.8
21.9
66.9

21
135
159
90
150

55
158
207
53
9

30.4
21.9
14.6
18.2
16.8

20
123
185
59
21

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

76,005

22.2

66,597

249,686

30.2

205,427

23,145

35.0

20,984

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

29,749
46,256

45.7
9.0

30,848
35,749

33,459
216,226

(H)
17.8

27,486
177,940

5,036
18,109

10.1
45.0

5,127
15,857

Government payments .........................................$1,000

2,469

29.3

1,864

2,786

35.3

3,373

905

10.0

390

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

279
99

18.0
36.1

187
159

531
162

61.5
62.6

426
129

426
56

19.5
14.1

353
55

Operators ............................................................ number

378

16.2

346

693

50.6

555

482

18.4

408

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

302
76

16.7
14.8

308
38

614
79

50.9
49.2

493
62

444
38

18.6
17.2

354
54

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

157
221

14.3
17.9

205
141

328
365

31.6
67.9

250
305

205
277

16.6
20.2

174
234

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

16
30
48
284

30.6
19.7
16.6
15.8

12
44
32
258

8
51
134
500

(H)
(H)
67.6
27.9

27
49
76
403

23
35
76
348

32.4
48.2
22.5
15.1

9
42
56
301

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

13
16
67
103
64
43
72

41.4
37.5
20.6
17.7
17.0
33.3
21.8

1
26
71
96
58
52
42

50
104
118
201
134
86

(H)
68.2
43.7
42.9
36.6
23.5

5
38
55
146
146
89
76

28
80
106
115
104
49

55.4
30.7
19.8
15.8
15.1
24.2

2
24
69
83
100
82
48

Average age ...............................................................

56.6

2.0

54.5

57.2

2.9

57.2

56.4

2.1

56.8

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

12
3
6
353
4

29.6
54.8
35.4
16.1
91.9

7
1
8
2
328
-

15
3
20
9
641
5

46.1
44.3
29.2
51.6
52.0
94.1

3
9
533
10

3
7
457
15

63.2
33.7
18.2
27.6

3
1
2
381
21

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

40 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Louisiana

Maine

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Maryland

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

538
107,934

47.0
27.8

394
63,035

58
6,761

(H)
(H)

43
3,610

118
5,483

35.9
60.1

93
9,232

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

101
196
141
49
51

78.6
52.4
33.8
27.9
27.3

70
183
78
33
30

4
20
15
19
-

(H)
(H)
49.5
(H)
-

7
5
27
4
-

37
61
12
6
2

38.3
37.5
34.5
50.6
(H)

25
49
11
6
2

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

45,050

20.4

18,714

1,882

57.1

639

8,493

21.6

15,926

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

34,875
10,175

22.4
27.8

13,242
5,472

458
1,425

73.7
54.0

312
327

2,565
5,928

16.6
28.6

6,889
9,037

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

2,237

16.1

1,866

50

90.6

22

112

(H)

259

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

478
60

50.5
19.7

359
35

50
8

(H)
58.6

40
3

105
13

38.5
39.3

81
12

Operators ............................................................ number

538

47.0

394

58

(H)

43

118

35.9

93

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

478
60

46.4
52.6

357
37

39
19

(H)
(H)

24
19

82
36

37.3
33.2

72
21

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

256
282

53.1
41.5

176
218

26
32

(H)
(H)

16
27

58
60

34.9
37.3

36
57

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

16
66
77
379

(H)
80.1
71.5
34.2

21
30
83
260

5
15
38

(H)
(H)
(H)

6
1
7
29

17
16
16
69

48.6
44.1
72.0
25.2

11
11
26
45

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

4
29
77
103
125
130
70

64.6
54.9
72.6
52.4
39.9
44.2
28.8

5
14
43
78
123
100
31

2
8
18
15
12
3

(H)
(H)
(H)
94.7
91.8
(H)

6
5
8
15
2
7

16
45
32
18
7

63.5
40.6
32.5
36.9
33.2

1
24
27
27
8
6

Average age ................................................................

58.1

1.5

57.9

54.5

3.7

54.9

55.9

2.9

53.5

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

21
5
32
7
465
8

57.7
56.9
37.4
(H)
43.7
97.3

15
40
4
333
2

1
57
-

(H)
(H)
-

6
37
-

2
4
1
2
106
3

(H)
75.0
14.6
(H)
36.5
65.6

6
2
1
82
2

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 41

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Massachusetts

Michigan

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Minnesota

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

142
7,308

(H)
42.5

120
5,514

674
80,220

19.3
7.2

615
54,795

343
94,284

14.1
8.8

296
101,372

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

52
56
17
16
1

(H)
(H)
22.2
16.1
94.9

43
54
18
3
2

128
245
218
48
35

38.8
20.5
13.2
11.9
11.8

81
284
182
49
19

21
77
107
86
52

22.6
23.0
23.6
34.8
8.7

12
71
91
69
53

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

15,972

30.8

6,046

62,727

9.8

40,662

72,136

7.6

36,065

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

15,130
841

27.5
98.4

2,892
3,155

43,265
19,462

8.8
19.8

26,808
13,854

38,779
33,358

15.2
7.5

12,951
23,113

Government payments .........................................$1,000

67

34.2

157

1,056

12.4

590

1,157

28.8

1,144

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

97
45

(H)
30.3

103
17

552
122

21.0
13.2

510
105

185
158

20.2
9.9

201
95

Operators ............................................................ number

142

(H)

120

674

19.3

615

343

14.1

296

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

118
24

(H)
(H)

99
21

558
116

19.6
18.3

534
81

298
45

13.9
21.8

247
49

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

113
29

(H)
(H)

57
63

337
337

16.8
21.9

277
338

219
124

11.6
19.3

144
152

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

12
24
20
86

(H)
(H)
(H)
79.4

28
11
21
60

24
45
150
455

33.6
40.4
28.2
14.0

42
51
146
376

9
25
52
257

69.9
28.3
19.0
13.1

9
9
44
234

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

6
6
32
44
34
14
6

(H)
43.1
(H)
(H)
(H)
93.6
79.9

8
16
37
28
17
14

5
43
124
169
146
107
80

37.9
41.7
31.6
20.9
13.6
9.8
11.7

2
45
102
167
153
81
65

2
23
42
87
104
46
39

(H)
36.4
21.5
18.8
16.9
47.3
26.1

2
20
33
87
70
50
34

Average age ...............................................................

50.7

3.7

55.4

55.2

1.7

54.4

55.6

0.8

56.4

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

12
130
-

(H)
(H)
-

5
1
114
-

13
3
5
6
639
8

19.3
54.8
42.4
50.0
19.6
20.5

15
2
9
6
574
9

5
2
1
328
7

56.9
94.9
(H)
13.6
59.1

5
2
3
286
-

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

42 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Mississippi

Missouri

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Montana

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

397
70,289

18.5
13.7

451
113,300

548
137,541

17.2
8.9

444
76,492

246
269,547

29.9
16.4

201
312,576

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

42
129
140
57
29

45.4
20.8
13.9
28.9
16.7

41
106
179
82
43

33
165
182
105
63

30.8
25.9
15.1
19.9
14.7

20
161
170
69
24

31
88
33
37
57

74.6
31.6
25.9
26.7
13.9

15
68
31
35
52

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

45,641

82.2

79,090

38,048

5.1

19,241

19,052

14.2

15,544

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

12,755
32,886

39.1
99.7

21,983
57,107

20,662
17,385

6.0
4.8

7,029
12,212

7,465
11,587

12.4
18.3

5,259
10,285

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

727

10.2

1,872

1,363

8.6

695

842

17.1

890

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

353
44

20.2
29.3

369
82

439
109

19.5
10.5

394
50

201
45

33.7
16.2

160
41

Operators ............................................................ number

397

18.5

451

548

17.2

444

246

29.9

201

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

343
54

18.2
21.3

386
65

476
72

17.1
19.7

379
65

201
45

30.1
32.2

167
34

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

186
211

14.0
22.8

177
274

266
282

17.8
16.8

150
294

101
145

27.8
31.6

88
113

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

8
12
73
304

33.5
34.4
23.9
16.9

33
32
56
330

12
31
119
386

53.6
26.4
27.2
14.0

42
60
92
250

15
11
39
181

(H)
61.4
28.9
22.8

8
15
43
135

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

4
14
31
69
113
101
65

(L)
28.7
46.9
19.7
14.2
18.3
14.7

20
68
85
155
78
45

6
41
63
114
136
120
68

7.2
45.8
23.1
18.9
15.3
14.5
24.7

4
32
70
130
105
77
26

20
28
44
67
56
31

(H)
38.9
40.4
16.5
19.9
26.9

4
10
30
52
51
36
18

Average age ................................................................

61.0

1.2

56.9

57.3

1.1

54.0

58.3

3.2

55.2

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

6
20
1
370
-

72.5
22.2
(H)
19.1
-

13
2
50
384
2

19
1
9
3
495
21

38.7
(H)
52.7
63.2
17.2
21.8

7
6
7
410
14

35
203
8

16.7
32.7
29.0

26
2
1
172
-

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 43

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Nebraska

Nevada

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

New Hampshire

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

316
173,771

(H)
39.2

166
157,066

192
381,061

48.6
78.1

174
74,082

15
3,159

(H)
(H)

21
2,361

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

45
66
77
36
92

(H)
(H)
54.5
58.6
15.4

12
35
32
24
63

46
63
37
9
37

62.1
32.3
89.2
74.5
66.0

48
54
32
15
25

7
6
2

(H)
(H)
(H)

9
8
4
-

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

45,712

56.5

37,676

19,861

67.6

14,832

287

(H)

194

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

36,782
8,930

54.9
63.6

25,457
12,219

16,674
3,188

77.4
83.9

8,608
6,224

208
80

(H)
(H)

(D)
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

1,443

26.3

1,387

62

(H)

182

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

203
113

(H)
18.1

95
71

144
48

55.1
36.7

143
31

13
2

(H)
(H)

19
2

Operators ............................................................ number

316

(H)

166

192

48.6

174

15

(H)

21

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

292
24

(H)
81.5

158
8

157
35

53.0
29.3

144
30

12
3

(H)
(H)

16
5

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

142
174

45.6
(H)

98
68

112
80

34.7
69.4

80
94

11
4

(H)
(H)

15
6

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

22
11
61
222

(H)
(H)
(H)
39.1

7
15
29
115

1
18
29
144

94.9
84.7
(H)
35.6

3
6
37
128

2
2
11

(H)
(H)
(H)

5
5
11

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

36
34
68
84
33
61

(H)
(H)
(H)
44.0
54.3
31.0

3
8
23
47
39
18
28

17
25
62
57
31

(H)
52.7
36.0
33.2
65.7

22
35
67
27
23

1
4
1
5
3
1

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
79.5

5
3
9
4
-

Average age ...............................................................

57.0

3.3

56.8

63.2

2.1

59.5

57.7

12.2

54.2

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

9
303
4

59.6
(H)
47.4

2
164
-

34
157
1

15.6
55.7
82.3

14
2
3
153
2

11
4

(H)
(H)

4
3
14
-

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

44 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
New Jersey

New Mexico

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

New York

2012
2007
total

Total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

144
6,820

28.3
17.2

109
3,048

9,377
6,099,380

17.5
35.0

6,475
5,237,978

281
31,714

32.4
21.9

220
27,990

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

45
66
25
6
2

31.0
35.6
36.6
17.7
0.3

41
57
9
2
-

3,494
2,106
1,374
923
1,480

25.8
17.6
18.3
15.0
33.3

1,749
1,683
1,145
752
1,146

29
82
120
39
11

42.0
44.4
28.8
21.0
24.4

21
49
101
41
8

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

30,777

1.9

(D)

327,603

5.9

232,125

22,765

28.7

11,607

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

1,903
(D)

119,958
207,645

18.0
15.8

63,808
168,316

16,879
5,886

38.5
13.6

7,169
4,438

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

32

60.1

(D)

12,835

40.1

4,300

382

23.9

143

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

129
15

30.8
15.5

105
4

8,729
648

18.2
32.0

6,083
392

223
58

35.6
20.3

173
47

Operators ............................................................ number

144

28.3

109

9,377

17.5

6,475

281

32.4

220

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

116
28

25.5
40.6

89
20

8,334
1,043

17.0
22.0

5,702
773

229
52

34.0
25.5

167
53

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

62
82

22.7
32.6

34
75

4,339
5,038

13.9
20.7

2,853
3,622

153
128

25.3
41.0

120
100

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

5
14
28
97

47.5
35.2
47.8
22.1

3
16
34
56

335
465
1,173
7,404

39.0
48.9
25.6
13.6

260
288
902
5,025

17
21
60
183

70.8
28.1
36.0
28.6

18
17
42
143

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

9
11
56
48
15
5

89.8
33.5
29.7
20.6
32.9
26.8

25
37
32
7
8

55
203
756
1,892
2,729
2,147
1,595

96.2
66.4
37.4
21.4
15.0
11.7
9.5

38
205
655
1,530
1,720
1,428
899

15
64
74
69
39
20

61.1
41.8
35.8
23.2
24.7
17.9

4
12
32
76
50
24
22

Average age ................................................................

53.7

1.6

53.5

61.0

1.2

59.1

53.7

1.9

53.9

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

3
140
1

54.8
28.6
(H)

6
102
1

247
8
12
9
9,033
68

15.6
32.1
20.9
17.2
17.6
32.5

190
6
14
11
6,209
45

6
2
264
9

38.7
73.8
31.5
53.8

1
2
217
-

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 45

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
North Carolina

North Dakota

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Ohio

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

493
77,298

29.1
14.0

478
72,351

122
138,097

59.2
18.8

92
149,958

427
44,336

23.0
13.4

302
44,549

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

30
231
151
51
30

37.9
39.2
18.6
24.9
27.0

48
226
114
59
31

3
14
28
19
58

(H)
68.0
87.8
(H)
17.9

2
1
11
24
54

53
185
135
41
13

28.6
29.8
17.3
25.0
24.2

58
110
79
33
22

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

131,950

20.3

175,032

31,925

17.9

17,384

19,527

7.8

16,473

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

40,453
91,496

40.1
11.8

38,520
136,511

28,044
3,881

13.1
55.8

11,383
6,001

11,852
7,675

12.2
6.8

11,251
5,222

Government payments .........................................$1,000

874

29.5

767

1,588

15.7

830

660

15.0

650

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

378
115

34.4
11.9

361
117

66
56

91.3
22.3

38
54

365
62

25.4
11.2

244
58

Operators ............................................................ number

493

29.1

478

122

59.2

92

427

23.0

302

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

447
46

28.0
40.7

379
99

83
39

30.8
(H)

81
11

337
90

22.2
27.3

257
45

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

241
252

22.2
36.1

252
226

78
44

26.3
(H)

62
30

206
221

18.8
27.1

136
166

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

2
28
125
338

67.1
28.7
53.3
20.4

37
42
122
277

2
6
2
112

94.9
(H)
94.9
43.2

9
6
4
73

17
25
68
317

53.0
31.8
38.4
17.9

8
27
55
212

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

28
81
121
135
83
45

82.6
35.9
29.3
24.6
18.6
21.9

1
20
105
142
126
48
36

6
3
4
29
23
30
27

(H)
70.7
41.1
55.5
18.6
60.6
45.1

3
5
19
20
21
17
7

4
22
63
110
116
51
61

(H)
38.9
28.1
25.1
19.7
16.0
15.2

4
6
42
88
58
59
45

Average age ...............................................................

56.0

2.4

53.5

61.2

5.3

54.5

56.4

1.4

57.5

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

5
10
17
461
-

60.0
88.0
47.8
28.7
-

13
10
25
1
420
9

9
99
14

23.6
47.6
(H)

92
-

5
5
3
410
4

32.9
78.2
70.7
23.3
97.8

1
2
4
293
2

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

46 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Oklahoma

Oregon

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Pennsylvania

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

1,173
270,230

38.2
21.2

784
211,437

882
127,438

11.6
27.5

789
116,117

373
35,836

25.4
12.6

332
24,504

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

74
298
412
266
123

(H)
47.4
35.6
29.7
17.7

50
206
271
159
98

274
346
169
48
45

17.7
9.9
11.9
15.7
27.6

243
304
154
54
34

50
131
139
44
9

37.0
38.7
16.9
15.8
6.9

45
145
108
30
4

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

46,749

11.8

36,911

71,262

19.1

68,861

52,708

7.5

52,337

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

13,311
33,438

12.6
15.3

5,256
31,655

33,403
37,859

16.7
21.7

46,316
22,545

42,643
10,064

8.3
11.1

41,671
10,666

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

2,624

22.6

1,239

763

43.9

888

230

9.3

187

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

1,062
111

41.1
13.1

700
84

738
144

12.8
10.6

656
133

295
78

30.3
7.8

277
55

Operators ............................................................ number

1,173

38.2

784

882

11.6

789

373

25.4

332

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

1,004
169

37.2
47.8

667
117

718
164

10.9
16.2

636
153

303
70

27.2
19.0

272
60

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

465
708

28.4
44.8

302
482

426
456

9.6
14.3

375
414

206
167

21.4
30.5

160
172

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

56
123
291
703

(H)
79.7
38.4
26.6

51
83
207
443

49
62
232
539

24.1
18.6
13.9
9.9

47
88
203
451

9
30
49
285

(H)
48.1
19.7
19.6

21
25
81
205

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

6
91
210
341
244
195
86

(H)
95.9
37.4
38.1
38.6
23.8
22.3

6
50
167
183
182
136
60

2
54
148
253
241
151
33

94.9
23.0
17.0
13.8
9.3
9.4
28.2

2
48
144
227
222
107
39

32
34
117
111
44
35

61.6
33.1
34.5
11.3
16.8
16.0

5
17
46
101
94
45
24

Average age ................................................................

53.8

2.0

54.1

53.9

0.7

53.4

55.5

1.8

54.9

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

108
4
21
1,004
36

47.3
58.1
35.6
37.9
43.1

80
4
11
4
639
46

20
7
1
10
826
18

36.7
52.5
94.9
32.9
11.7
21.1

17
1
7
757
7

6
8
355
4

41.7
35.6
25.7
33.5

1
2
3
3
321
2

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 47

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Rhode Island

South Carolina

2012
Item

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

South Dakota

2012

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

9
818

40.2
42.2

11
1,402

270
38,830

31.9
31.8

191
22,802

200
266,645

25.9
22.1

116
87,645

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

2
6
1
-

92.9
26.3
54.4
-

3
3
2
3
-

6
91
106
51
16

50.0
42.9
24.5
31.7
32.9

18
73
63
31
6

1
34
32
30
103

(H)
52.7
40.7
37.9
21.4

3
11
37
29
36

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

67

49.2

163

7,955

20.6

6,158

65,660

11.4

9,725

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

471
5,687

29,856
35,804

20.5
10.8

4,572
5,153

Government payments .........................................$1,000

364

28.1

145

1,368

22.6

573

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

9
-

40.2
-

11
-

239
31

32.3
31.7

188
3

89
111

45.6
16.8

71
45

Operators ............................................................ number

40.2

11

270

31.9

191

200

25.9

116

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

8
1

38.6
54.4

11
-

238
32

31.8
33.9

171
20

184
16

21.7
88.0

103
13

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

9
-

40.2
-

11

131
139

34.8
29.4

66
125

124
76

18.8
39.6

57
59

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

40.2

3
8

11
43
37
179

60.2
42.7
42.7
26.2

8
19
31
133

5
11
23
161

32.5
85.4
61.5
18.8

1
7
17
91

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

2
7

92.9
30.0

2
3
6
-

32
30
75
51
44
38

46.0
41.7
41.0
24.4
26.8
17.6

8
13
62
39
37
32

6
19
28
53
56
36
2

(H)
32.6
58.7
29.0
24.6
31.7
67.1

13
18
31
24
15
15

Average age ...............................................................

73.2

1.4

62.5

55.8

1.8

59.3

52.4

2.6

55.1

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

9
-

40.2
-

11
-

29
3
21
213
4

46.4
77.5
23.7
31.5
47.4

6
3
27
155
-

5
189
6

50.2
26.3
37.7

5
1
110
-

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

48 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Tennessee

Texas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Utah

2012
2007
total

Total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

467
37,197

17.7
16.0

445
39,558

23,689
6,726,294

8.1
8.3

20,351
5,189,774

345
102,866

13.6
11.3

336
117,971

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

38
223
158
45
3

26.9
18.1
16.2
20.2
31.6

57
178
158
46
6

3,413
8,711
6,157
2,940
2,468

30.0
10.9
9.9
10.4
7.5

2,845
7,166
5,338
2,908
2,094

134
107
48
27
29

20.4
14.8
14.0
19.2
13.0

110
96
58
25
47

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

8,260

68.3

14,178

971,201

15.2

780,514

33,220

18.6

15,400

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

3,169
5,092

(H)
11.1

3,236
10,942

363,747
607,454

9.8
23.5

274,769
505,745

5,938
27,282

12.8
23.5

2,022
13,378

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

154

25.9

303

33,677

8.3

22,795

191

15.6

195

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

448
19

17.8
(H)

416
29

22,353
1,336

8.1
10.5

19,320
1,031

298
47

13.4
17.6

314
22

Operators ............................................................ number

467

17.7

445

23,689

8.1

20,351

345

13.6

336

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

394
73

17.2
22.3

389
56

21,251
2,438

7.7
20.5

18,289
2,062

277
68

10.9
27.3

301
35

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

191
276

13.8
20.5

210
235

9,647
14,042

6.2
9.5

7,875
12,476

184
161

11.2
16.9

129
207

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

20
38
139
270

44.2
20.5
22.1
14.2

17
49
99
280

1,158
1,728
5,070
15,733

12.5
10.4
10.8
7.2

1,182
1,919
4,824
12,426

30
33
67
215

31.0
24.8
11.4
12.7

15
33
74
214

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

11
55
158
127
79
37

37.8
58.2
23.9
11.1
10.6
17.2

1
20
84
107
89
89
55

106
1,058
2,934
6,446
6,103
4,835
2,207

46.2
41.0
20.6
12.8
9.1
4.1
3.6

85
1,028
2,893
5,321
5,422
3,639
1,963

4
10
58
88
91
76
18

(H)
42.4
28.9
14.6
12.3
8.7
19.0

3
19
45
105
86
35
43

Average age ................................................................

56.6

1.8

56.6

56.9

0.9

56.2

56.2

1.4

56.1

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

9
7
5
3
436
7

21.1
40.7
26.8
70.7
17.9
30.3

4
16
1
418
6

529
83
232
16
22,722
107

8.5
16.4
9.4
31.4
8.1
10.6

571
53
177
29
19,383
138

31
314
-

14.0
13.8
-

34
295
7

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 49

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Vermont

Virginia

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Washington

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

58
10,993

(H)
(H)

55
9,334

470
72,028

34.1
19.3

338
60,022

1,874
164,360

14.4
19.4

1,643
183,176

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

19
16
10
7
6

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)

8
14
13
17
3

40
188
172
44
26

68.6
46.1
21.6
23.8
18.6

44
134
102
37
21

837
661
270
57
49

22.5
9.8
18.2
52.0
34.3

425
835
257
51
75

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

8,130

56.9

7,056

23,723

13.2

14,787

367,155

44.9

219,169

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

4,307
3,823

53.5
76.4

221
6,835

9,245
14,478

12.3
22.4

3,376
11,411

275,747
91,408

39.6
73.6

189,978
29,191

Government payments .........................................$1,000

75

(H)

16

540

23.4

278

2,406

12.2

2,222

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

48
10

(H)
(H)

50
5

422
48

36.0
19.9

298
40

1,480
394

17.3
10.2

1,143
500

Operators ............................................................ number

58

(H)

55

470

34.1

338

1,874

14.4

1,643

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

41
17

(H)
(H)

46
9

394
76

30.2
58.1

285
53

1,654
220

13.7
21.3

1,436
207

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

32
26

(H)
(H)

35
20

219
251

28.4
39.4

128
210

965
909

10.9
18.2

888
755

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

10
13
35

(H)
(H)
(H)

5
4
6
40

44
32
64
330

81.0
58.1
57.9
21.8

19
45
63
211

141
178
471
1,084

26.1
25.8
15.8
11.2

137
145
434
927

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

2
6
11
15
20
4

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
63.3

10
3
7
14
10
11

5
20
72
123
129
70
51

88.7
(H)
67.6
32.0
25.4
17.1
13.4

6
19
36
83
97
54
43

9
94
369
533
486
253
130

37.3
23.4
23.8
13.9
10.9
14.2
8.7

12
109
349
501
392
200
80

Average age ...............................................................

57.4

3.9

58.0

55.7

2.9

56.6

54.1

1.2

52.2

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ..........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ..................
White ..........................................................................
More than one race reported ......................................

1
57
-

(H)
(H)
-

55
-

10
12
433
15

94.5
23.7
32.1
83.3

7
33
7
286
5

28
9
1
11
1,793
32

50.3
38.0
12.0
39.5
14.2
23.3

33
14
4
8
1,572
12

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

50 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 3. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
West Virginia

Wisconsin

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Wyoming

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

122
20,563

21.3
10.3

138
16,576

283
42,697

20.4
11.9

245
29,732

277
779,077

85.6
22.1

152
598,213

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

7
44
37
29
5

50.8
32.2
16.0
12.6
19.0

14
44
43
34
3

18
107
84
57
17

41.5
26.0
18.7
12.3
14.8

24
81
91
35
14

45
79
51
22
80

(H)
64.3
68.5
(H)
18.2

8
42
47
14
41

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

7,342

6.7

3,667

30,636

9.9

10,652

37,031

14.5

17,135

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

1,192
6,150

15.5
5.9

311
3,356

8,102
22,534

8.1
12.0

4,305
6,347

16,682
20,349

10.3
18.8

8,020
9,115

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

37

33.0

808

15.7

314

461

17.2

310

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

115
7

22.2
8.5

129
9

209
74

25.0
10.4

210
35

205
72

(H)
40.9

121
31

Operators ............................................................ number

122

21.3

138

283

20.4

245

277

85.6

152

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

107
15

19.7
33.6

114
24

258
25

20.1
24.1

223
22

258
19

87.6
65.3

131
21

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

48
74

17.9
24.7

72
66

117
166

14.6
24.7

86
159

116
161

85.9
85.9

66
86

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

2
12
15
93

(H)
34.5
41.5
18.4

13
14
111

10
17
63
193

52.9
47.0
26.8
15.0

11
27
44
163

27
22
68
160

(H)
28.8
(H)
56.9

3
20
36
93

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

8
16
17
30
32
19

45.0
46.5
31.1
18.7
14.5
25.9

8
3
48
41
21
17

3
12
31
115
75
19
28

54.8
36.1
33.1
22.0
16.8
15.8
17.6

17
57
77
41
19
34

33
45
50
90
55
4

(H)
(H)
44.3
71.3
54.1
78.7

1
17
4
39
56
17
18

Average age ................................................................

60.1

3.1

58.1

54.2

1.5

54.0

53.4

5.8

56.3

Race:
American Indian or Alaska Native ...............................
Asian ...........................................................................
Black or African American ...........................................
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander ...................
White ...........................................................................
More than one race reported .......................................

1
121
-

13.6
21.4
-

1
137
-

3
275
5

44.7
20.1
32.4

2
5
238
-

6
265
6

86.6
86.1
68.9

13
135
4

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 51

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
United States

Alabama

2012
Item
Total

Alaska

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

37,857
50,859,413

8.1
1.8

34,706
49,680,678

488
73,415

12.7
10.3

465
64,198

28
307,213

10.2
(Z)

25
314,141

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

12,558
8,967
7,710
4,001
4,621

15.6
10.5
8.7
7.2
10.3

13,108
8,312
6,740
3,471
3,075

62
167
150
80
29

19.4
17.0
10.6
16.0
19.6

45
202
149
49
20

6
9
2
1
10

27.4
21.1
(L)
(L)
(L)

2
7
1
1
14

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

1,781,416

4.6

1,399,725

43,245

39.3

28,687

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

693,086
1,088,330

7.7
3.5

564,470
835,256

10,112
33,133

56.7
34.5

2,438
26,249

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

16
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

51,889

7.7

40,462

788

34.7

734

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

34,788
3,069

8.6
9.6

32,024
2,682

419
69

13.9
33.5

417
48

23
5

12.4
(L)

21
4

Operators ............................................................ number

37,857

8.1

34,706

488

12.7

465

28

10.2

25

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

26,434
11,423

7.8
14.2

24,603
10,103

419
69

12.5
19.5

411
54

16
12

(L)
23.7

21
4

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

20,764
17,093

9.3
8.3

17,682
17,024

166
322

29.5
13.6

171
294

12
16

23.7
(L)

15
10

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

1,178
1,811
5,225
29,643

17.6
13.9
12.0
7.4

1,451
2,399
5,997
24,859

24
31
79
354

34.0
46.0
17.1
11.1

45
29
91
300

1
4
7
16

(L)
41.1
27.1
(L)

1
1
1
22

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

293
1,864
4,135
8,791
10,202
7,741
4,831

21.0
28.9
13.8
9.7
11.2
9.5
12.2

227
1,975
4,645
8,860
8,586
6,651
3,762

56
77
150
99
80
26

18.5
20.7
13.5
16.5
25.5
40.1

2
38
90
136
129
52
18

1
4
8
9
4
2

(L)
(L)
35.6
(L)
(L)
(L)

2
3
4
11
3
2

Average age ...............................................................

58.1

1.3

56.6

52.8

3.6

52.0

55.0

1.4

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

55.6
--continued

52 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Arizona

Arkansas

2012
Item
Total

California

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

11,190
20,544,743

19.9
2.9

8,436
20,764,749

507
75,121

20.7
34.0

448
62,896

1,192
241,808

15.9
20.5

1,178
322,996

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

8,422
1,708
487
217
356

23.9
42.4
36.9
25.5
33.0

7,456
797
89
16
78

21
211
188
58
29

28.9
18.7
43.1
28.5
32.7

35
186
139
59
29

345
445
216
88
98

18.6
9.9
20.0
17.2
28.1

377
408
214
93
86

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

66,559

19.7

84,813

35,599

42.3

48,260

176,570

20.1

153,465

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

51,031
15,528

26.3
17.2

74,875
9,939

3,111
32,489

13.3
45.2

6,101
42,159

152,876
23,695

23.3
11.6

93,543
59,922

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

4,073

9.2

6,196

573

34.5

710

1,075

21.7

1,467

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

11,047
143

20.2
63.1

8,379
57

467
40

19.8
51.3

377
71

888
304

18.0
11.2

960
218

Operators ............................................................ number

11,190

19.9

8,436

507

20.7

448

1,192

15.9

1,178

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

5,537
5,653

20.6
30.0

4,064
4,372

410
97

20.8
24.7

377
71

946
246

16.3
15.1

919
259

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

8,426
2,764

21.7
21.2

6,035
2,401

212
295

20.2
23.9

192
256

665
527

11.8
21.2

614
564

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

231
340
909
9,710

53.1
43.1
29.5
20.8

128
343
1,149
6,816

15
47
122
323

55.5
21.1
28.0
21.2

29
45
93
281

55
55
294
788

51.0
34.8
17.8
11.9

60
136
256
726

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

96
195
823
2,376
2,992
2,610
2,098

46.8
(H)
35.9
22.7
35.8
28.0
30.1

26
353
982
1,883
1,817
1,964
1,411

56
78
151
115
77
30

26.0
40.1
28.8
16.7
28.9
21.7

4
35
60
148
119
61
21

31
138
293
348
281
101

67.2
34.6
14.7
14.0
9.2
9.4

46
133
357
378
179
85

Average age ................................................................

61.5

4.1

59.5

53.1

1.5

53.0

58.1

1.5

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

56.1
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 53

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Colorado

Connecticut

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Delaware

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

270
873,312

9.6
5.1

382
916,216

21
559

(H)
(H)

29
1,025

3
(D)

(H)
(D)

12
1,315

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

30
76
94
27
43

26.5
21.0
13.7
58.4
23.9

42
153
79
41
67

16
2
2
1
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
-

10
11
8
-

1
1
1

5.3
(H)
3.4

10
1
1

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

46,357

6.7

30,888

(D)

(D)

141

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

8,783
22,105

46
(D)

(H)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
9,035

Government payments .........................................$1,000

1,238

28.6

1,007

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

232
38

10.1
19.0

345
37

21
-

(H)
-

28
1

(H)

5
7

Operators ............................................................ number

270

9.6

382

21

(H)

29

(H)

12

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

214
56

9.6
16.5

288
94

8
13

(H)
(H)

12
17

3
-

(H)
-

9
3

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

130
140

14.7
8.7

166
216

6
15

91.5
(H)

3
26

3
-

(H)
-

11
1

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

10
13
52
195

19.0
23.1
16.4
9.1

16
37
99
230

4
4
5
8

(H)
(H)
(H)
94.2

21
8

1
2

5.3
(H)

6
6

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

8
42
76
93
34
17

23.7
13.7
12.8
9.8
31.1
62.1

2
9
33
150
95
69
24

1
4
14
2
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
-

7
14
8
-

2
1
-

(H)
3.4
-

6
3
1
2

Average age ...............................................................

55.7

2.4

56.0

(D)

(D)

53.2

52.3

13.2

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

51.9
--continued

54 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Florida

Georgia

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Hawaii

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

386
145,237

20.7
2.9

349
61,613

127
33,842

12.7
6.7

334
39,875

32
(D)

24.3
(D)

41
840

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

51
228
67
21
19

37.2
21.4
17.3
26.0
32.4

96
169
54
24
6

14
31
55
11
16

25.4
19.6
10.9
31.1
6.3

42
136
110
36
10

17
10
5
-

29.5
35.5
42.4
-

25
12
3
1
-

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

21,181

30.9

91,148

39,530

2.1

(D)

230

61.1

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

8,990
12,191

10.4
49.7

(D)
(D)

11,741
27,788

4.5
1.4

8,235
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

398

24.5

202

1,209

6.3

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

347
39

22.1
13.2

303
46

94
33

15.9
5.2

297
37

32
-

24.3
-

41
-

Operators ............................................................ number

386

20.7

349

127

12.7

334

32

24.3

41

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

314
72

20.5
22.5

250
99

107
20

12.2
25.1

243
91

20
12

28.5
37.9

24
17

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

190
196

20.0
21.6

176
173

55
72

14.8
14.2

132
202

16
16

30.2
25.8

19
22

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

14
29
56
287

45.4
31.2
31.1
18.1

21
50
86
192

1
4
32
90

12.8
33.5
19.7
11.2

27
64
65
178

2
2
9
19

47.4
82.2
44.7
25.0

4
5
16
16

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

6
60
94
114
88
24

47.4
28.4
22.0
20.5
16.1
30.4

5
26
55
111
90
48
14

3
13
34
49
11
17

44.7
30.1
19.3
8.5
22.8
18.5

10
48
87
109
55
25

2
11
15
4
-

(H)
27.3
39.0
67.1
-

1
13
15
9
3

Average age ................................................................

57.5

1.5

52.8

57.7

1.4

55.9

56.5

3.4

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

59.8
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 55

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Idaho

Illinois

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Indiana

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

154
385,002

18.8
1.6

223
538,024

102
19,942

14.0
43.8

168
45,520

91
14,461

14.5
17.1

152
20,639

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

39
47
36
20
12

17.4
28.3
21.2
39.1
29.6

39
94
46
21
23

10
24
39
22
7

30.0
24.4
13.9
11.4
71.7

30
51
38
26
23

9
42
28
5
7

23.6
16.9
30.1
46.5
19.2

43
60
30
12
7

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

9,105

26.0

8,147

8,780

78.3

18,552

7,678

13.9

19,260

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

3,022
6,083

41.8
36.7

(D)
(D)

8,524
256

78.1
97.7

16,435
2,116

5,963
1,715

16.0
7.7

5,438
13,821

Government payments .........................................$1,000

611

9.8

678

458

27.7

848

222

17.9

289

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

129
25

18.1
33.1

202
21

82
20

15.1
32.2

110
58

76
15

15.0
14.1

123
29

Operators ............................................................ number

154

18.8

223

102

14.0

168

91

14.5

152

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

106
48

26.0
19.7

149
74

95
7

14.6
42.9

144
24

81
10

14.2
34.2

132
20

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

56
98

26.8
16.2

92
131

44
58

17.8
16.5

86
82

36
55

22.8
14.9

56
96

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

9
8
19
118

52.7
37.5
25.9
18.9

3
38
52
130

7
27
68

57.5
18.3
16.7

1
11
28
128

4
19
68

33.5
22.7
13.4

10
7
23
112

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

4
3
14
34
45
44
10

61.3
54.8
22.5
17.6
23.9
30.9
60.0

5
11
23
62
77
28
17

4
10
25
40
17
6

67.1
19.0
18.6
24.0
25.0
35.4

25
49
50
23
21

6
10
27
30
9
9

47.4
15.0
25.1
18.2
42.2
18.3

4
20
56
55
16
1

Average age ...............................................................

58.6

2.6

54.9

57.6

2.2

58.4

55.3

1.8

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

53.9
--continued

56 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Iowa

Kansas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Kentucky

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

53
7,955

18.5
16.7

44
9,692

395
118,560

42.6
35.0

297
143,090

178
16,769

10.1
9.7

309
49,181

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

6
29
13
1
4

47.4
22.6
24.2
14.8
23.7

14
8
12
6
4

8
120
159
59
49

92.6
59.0
44.8
32.1
62.1

18
87
80
56
56

18
55
83
19
3

47.7
13.1
10.2
23.9
31.6

26
100
118
47
18

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

4,039

19.4

3,690

16,384

53.9

22,817

8,518

4.8

49,389

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

3,517
173

9,141
7,243

53.1
56.1

11,082
11,735

991
7,527

10.1
4.8

2,410
46,979

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

183

25.8

267

887

19.7

971

91

12.3

223

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

49
4

19.1
23.7

34
10

335
60

47.1
49.6

242
55

169
9

9.9
29.8

284
25

Operators ............................................................ number

53

18.5

44

395

42.6

297

178

10.1

309

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

38
15

17.1
30.8

38
6

298
97

41.0
49.0

245
52

145
33

9.6
29.0

267
42

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

9
44

55.8
28.3

20
24

149
246

29.8
51.3

125
172

62
116

11.6
11.3

160
149

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

4
2
16
31

63.9
(H)
21.8
26.5

4
6
3
31

10
8
87
290

(H)
(H)
48.7
36.6

12
21
58
206

4
6
43
125

(H)
50.0
14.0
9.0

19
18
56
216

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

6
3
5
11
15
12
1

47.3
55.2
(H)
24.4
26.8
31.6
21.5

1
5
3
22
10
2
1

30
63
119
87
60
36

72.4
69.8
47.9
28.3
25.9
21.7

2
24
38
94
69
47
23

5
20
52
51
36
14

37.9
26.0
27.3
17.4
32.9
31.1

16
41
88
86
65
13

Average age ................................................................

51.7

6.5

50.5

55.0

2.0

54.4

57.3

1.5

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

55.1
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 57

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Louisiana

Maine

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Maryland

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

204
29,479

17.1
21.2

228
22,251

17
8,811

(H)
31.2

59
9,711

29
1,224

30.2
37.0

41
2,045

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

37
78
58
16
15

43.4
16.4
10.7
30.8
25.3

49
99
57
17
6

1
1
10
3
2

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
66.7

13
22
20
3
1

2
18
8
1
-

(H)
28.9
63.9
8.6
-

8
20
11
2
-

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

11,011

40.6

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

6,898

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

9,863
1,148

45.3
51.8

1,428
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
17

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

962

27.8

186

(D)

(D)

(D)

77.1

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

177
27

19.1
23.6

219
9

15
2

(H)
66.7

55
4

28
1

31.2
4.2

33
8

Operators ............................................................ number

204

17.1

228

17

(H)

59

29

30.2

41

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

185
19

15.7
34.2

213
15

15
2

(H)
(H)

29
30

21
8

30.0
42.8

37
4

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

110
94

16.0
18.7

103
125

8
9

(H)
(H)

27
32

10
19

45.5
38.7

21
20

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

8
23
22
151

44.4
44.1
18.3
13.3

21
20
54
133

1
4
12

(Z)
(H)
(H)

12
16
5
26

3
1
1
24

83.7
(H)
4.2
26.5

2
10
29

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

10
38
43
74
34
5

37.9
22.4
22.7
15.0
27.5
37.9

10
54
51
42
49
22

5
1
10
1

(H)
(H)
77.0
(H)

6
1
31
11
10
-

5
5
11
5
3

75.9
42.4
48.8
50.2
70.7

8
1
6
18
2
6

Average age ...............................................................

54.2

1.4

55.6

52.9

5.7

52.8

59.3

5.0

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

56.0
--continued

58 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Massachusetts

Michigan

2012
Item

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Minnesota

2012

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

15
446

(H)
(H)

11
342

204
18,251

10.2
19.5

341
42,157

141
55,222

9.4
9.0

203
78,802

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

9
2
3
1
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
-

4
6
1
-

31
96
48
21
8

18.1
11.0
15.9
48.9
33.5

64
124
97
44
12

16
40
40
23
22

31.4
24.9
21.5
43.3
14.9

20
40
52
59
32

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

226

(H)

116

10,333

12.6

25,473

11,859

9.4

22,977

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

155
71

(H)
89.7

116
-

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

15,572
9,901

7,091
4,768

14.9
12.0

7,855
15,123

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

243

22.3

321

561

24.2

716

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

13
2

(H)
88.6

10
1

189
15

10.8
14.1

306
35

106
35

10.4
17.4

148
55

Operators ............................................................ number

15

(H)

11

204

10.2

341

141

9.4

203

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

13
2

(H)
(H)

1
10

166
38

12.2
16.6

250
91

111
30

11.4
10.5

170
33

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

12
3

(H)
(H)

7
4

87
117

13.4
10.1

148
193

61
80

18.2
15.4

99
104

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

6
3
6

(H)
(H)
(H)

4
7

10
15
29
150

34.2
32.9
31.5
11.2

11
27
72
231

1
8
27
105

8.5
29.0
20.5
10.0

2
12
28
161

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

3
10
2
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
-

1
10
-

3
29
73
62
24
13

54.8
14.3
15.2
10.9
24.4
16.3

20
58
107
99
41
16

3
22
35
58
19
4

70.7
23.2
22.5
19.4
35.3
53.0

5
5
33
61
63
24
12

Average age ................................................................

59.1

3.0

49.0

55.6

1.2

53.1

55.5

1.2

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

54.1
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 59

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Mississippi

Missouri

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Montana

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

133
25,616

12.7
14.7

175
25,338

442
89,876

14.7
14.5

397
63,713

1,318
4,696,500

7.0
5.3

1,482
4,046,546

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

15
32
57
16
13

31.0
28.9
14.1
38.4
16.3

24
64
57
22
8

15
139
161
78
49

19.8
16.3
13.6
26.6
16.3

29
130
153
54
31

77
164
281
280
516

17.2
14.0
9.3
12.6
7.2

99
160
324
291
608

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

5,816

10.5

6,928

13,224

10.0

11,216

87,258

7.5

63,270

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

5,431
384

9.9
28.3

1,628
5,300

4,385
8,839

10.2
10.1

2,064
9,153

43,475
43,783

6.6
9.6

20,706
42,565

Government payments .........................................$1,000

212

15.6

1,091

554

12.8

333

6,095

7.3

6,191

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

127
6

13.2
52.4

161
14

386
56

14.7
15.9

369
28

995
323

8.1
11.9

1,146
336

Operators ............................................................ number

133

12.7

175

442

14.7

397

1,318

7.0

1,482

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

99
34

12.6
15.1

142
33

372
70

14.3
16.7

343
54

1,058
260

7.4
7.9

1,224
258

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

69
64

19.6
11.9

71
104

197
245

14.9
14.8

130
267

578
740

6.8
7.9

576
906

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

1
12
37
83

(H)
47.4
18.1
10.9

18
18
43
96

25
12
56
349

33.1
23.2
14.1
13.6

16
41
65
275

57
69
133
1,059

18.9
25.6
7.8
6.7

38
73
194
1,177

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

23
49
31
19
11

20.7
20.2
21.0
20.6
48.8

7
45
49
30
32
12

9
32
162
143
70
26

25.8
28.7
19.6
11.5
30.9
46.0

2
13
76
117
110
64
15

21
37
148
296
438
232
146

31.0
18.1
6.6
9.4
7.1
7.0
9.7

8
69
160
453
399
277
116

Average age ...............................................................

56.7

2.9

54.2

56.8

1.2

54.0

57.7

0.7

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

55.9
--continued

60 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Nebraska

Nevada

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

New Hampshire

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

66
40,389

57.2
21.7

33
30,244

344
1,357,494

21.7
34.4

390
1,075,375

3
421

85.4
94.1

11
2,264

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

3
16
19
9
19

44.7
(H)
38.6
(H)
41.2

6
9
6
12

34
118
87
62
43

36.5
23.2
30.9
16.1
17.6

45
164
111
47
23

2
1
-

86.3
(H)
-

6
4
1

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

2,279

29.6

(D)

12,251

22.8

(D)

69

80.6

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

995
1,284

54.3
27.8

701
(D)

8,435
3,817

11.4
68.5

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

520

23.8

(D)

42

16.4

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

48
18

67.2
33.6

26
7

290
54

24.5
25.9

358
32

3
-

85.4
-

10
1

Operators ............................................................ number

66

57.2

33

344

21.7

390

85.4

11

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

62
4

58.9
(H)

30
3

233
111

21.2
23.4

334
56

2
1

74.9
(H)

11
-

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

38
28

66.8
47.2

15
18

184
160

24.9
18.9

218
172

3
-

85.4
-

11
-

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

6
9
3
48

87.7
(H)
52.6
28.3

3
7
23

12
14
59
259

20.6
48.2
43.0
16.9

4
33
51
302

85.4

6
5

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

4
12
20
14
6
10

(H)
79.2
48.2
30.3
27.4
41.4

4
11
8
5
5

18
10
109
70
81
56

(H)
60.3
16.7
15.1
20.5
15.0

11
18
71
76
88
85
41

2
1

86.3
(H)

6
1
4
-

Average age ................................................................

55.1

4.8

57.5

60.4

2.1

55.4

(D)

(D)

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

46.9
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 61

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
New Jersey

New Mexico

2012
Item

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

New York

2012
Total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

14
462

33.2
26.8

20
450

5,202
7,418,914

10.0
4.0

4,493
7,113,408

85
15,819

17.4
13.0

139
26,792

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

4
8
1
1
-

41.1
56.9
16.4
39.1
-

7
10
3
-

1,698
1,005
610
414
1,475

17.1
13.2
10.1
14.0
12.5

2,707
866
407
218
295

4
27
31
19
4

53.0
27.1
22.1
26.9
58.1

8
34
54
29
14

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

17

27.7

(D)

76,706

1.7

67,188

(D)

(D)

7,812

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

5
12

22.0
30.1

(D)
12

41,125
35,581

2.0
1.9

42,031
25,157

(D)
1,551

(D)
12.0

2,411
5,401

Government payments .........................................$1,000

2,613

8.6

1,208

(D)

(D)

229

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

14
-

33.2
-

19
1

5,155
47

10.0
20.9

4,453
40

74
11

18.8
33.4

99
40

Operators ............................................................ number

14

33.2

20

5,202

10.0

4,493

85

17.4

139

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

10
4

28.5
53.0

17
3

3,198
2,004

9.8
10.7

2,633
1,860

57
28

18.1
26.0

98
41

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

5
9

42.4
31.6

10
10

2,961
2,241

9.0
11.3

2,583
1,910

44
41

15.4
21.0

79
60

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

2
3
9

(H)
25.8
31.6

1
2
6
11

130
178
433
4,461

29.2
17.9
15.2
8.7

132
159
474
3,728

2
5
13
65

67.1
50.2
28.9
14.3

6
7
28
98

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

1
9
1
2
1

39.1
29.8
(H)
(H)
16.4

3
6
7
4
-

58
234
399
1,097
1,237
1,245
932

42.1
10.7
18.7
11.8
8.3
9.6
8.4

18
127
387
897
1,080
1,168
816

6
25
27
20
7

44.7
25.0
13.2
25.5
40.7

2
4
26
38
54
9
6

Average age ...............................................................

55.4

4.0

56.8

60.7

0.9

61.4

58.6

2.8

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

53.3
--continued

62 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
North Carolina

North Dakota

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Ohio

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

596
96,446

16.2
8.2

603
74,630

348
392,080

30.5
10.1

364
500,397

113
15,949

25.1
22.4

80
6,550

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

51
291
149
63
42

18.7
20.0
14.8
15.7
18.2

107
270
140
57
29

18
43
94
81
112

(H)
58.5
30.7
17.7
15.1

7
60
95
80
122

13
47
37
10
6

41.2
27.0
20.9
44.5
47.4

14
26
34
4
2

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

130,245

12.3

64,534

24,167

19.3

20,536

4,596

41.8

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

39,316
90,929

11.9
13.4

13,431
51,103

13,605
10,562

8.9
33.6

9,155
11,381

4,076
520

46.2
40.1

957
(D)

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

1,788

18.7

1,336

1,836

21.4

1,293

303

25.3

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

474
122

18.9
16.6

529
74

276
72

36.2
22.7

288
76

95
18

25.6
25.8

72
8

Operators ............................................................ number

596

16.2

603

348

30.5

364

113

25.1

80

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

519
77

16.1
17.6

531
72

311
37

29.9
37.7

328
36

89
24

24.1
30.9

55
25

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

336
260

13.9
19.3

259
344

148
200

22.2
37.0

127
237

54
59

22.2
27.9

32
48

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

17
37
78
464

55.8
28.1
22.7
14.3

21
48
121
413

7
6
25
310

27.1
67.1
70.5
28.6

9
38
49
268

5
7
30
71

45.3
38.9
30.9
20.3

9
10
15
46

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

4
31
41
142
197
131
50

67.1
20.5
29.3
17.3
16.1
16.1
14.9

37
96
141
176
126
27

8
26
58
125
101
30

64.7
25.3
45.2
28.6
30.0
25.7

4
15
73
125
79
52
16

6
24
36
30
11
6

72.5
31.8
32.8
20.9
28.6
38.7

10
18
20
22
8
2

Average age ................................................................

58.0

1.1

55.5

59.4

1.1

53.2

53.0

2.6

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

49.3
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 63

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Oklahoma

Oregon

2012
Item
Total

Pennsylvania

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

7,489
1,820,219

9.9
20.3

7,054
1,566,596

403
578,745

9.0
12.5

497
577,470

78
9,133

13.3
12.8

155
19,683

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

424
1,817
2,896
1,590
762

30.4
12.5
11.4
17.4
39.9

340
1,981
2,630
1,448
655

138
151
71
31
12

12.1
15.7
8.6
11.0
70.3

164
174
95
41
23

12
27
29
8
2

25.0
13.1
16.4
35.6
0.3

9
47
76
16
7

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

336,864

11.2

212,547

10,216

17.2

24,826

13,166

4.4

12,127

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

99,321
237,542

14.9
10.1

63,313
149,234

5,607
4,609

39.5
34.0

19,151
5,675

11,724
1,442

2.7
28.4

4,923
7,204

Government payments .........................................$1,000

12,367

22.2

4,372

353

73.0

277

121

20.3

180

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

6,751
738

9.9
38.0

6,537
517

366
37

9.3
16.8

458
39

67
11

14.1
14.9

131
24

Operators ............................................................ number

7,489

9.9

7,054

403

9.0

497

78

13.3

155

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

6,573
916

10.0
10.7

6,154
900

305
98

9.5
15.5

374
123

60
18

11.4
23.6

134
21

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

2,832
4,657

12.5
10.7

2,505
4,549

176
227

10.2
10.2

170
327

33
45

11.5
19.8

61
94

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

308
546
1,485
5,150

21.6
16.5
11.6
11.0

451
621
1,460
4,522

8
10
79
306

42.8
40.2
22.6
8.8

44
26
104
323

4
23
51

23.7
34.8
10.8

6
13
52
84

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

92
807
1,340
1,686
1,859
1,136
569

22.6
17.8
13.4
11.1
10.4
9.0
9.9

99
744
1,171
1,847
1,685
1,062
446

13
59
69
110
116
36

20.6
21.3
26.0
15.1
14.6
16.2

30
71
123
128
119
26

1
2
20
29
17
9

41.1
47.4
40.0
13.9
16.7
48.3

15
38
37
32
25
8

Average age ...............................................................

53.2

1.1

52.7

58.8

1.6

55.6

61.3

2.1

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

52.3
--continued

64 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Rhode Island

South Carolina

2012
Item

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

South Dakota

2012

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

128
11,892

20.9
20.5

126
12,389

817
3,338,935

21.4
3.0

748
3,357,973

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

15
49
43
20
1

30.0
23.7
21.9
26.1
94.9

3
66
38
17
2

43
83
154
115
422

16.9
(H)
17.3
22.0
7.5

21
67
143
93
424

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

2,965

27.1

(D)

100,381

3.6

61,793

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

2,660
305

28.3
34.4

562
(D)

32,695
67,686

6.3
5.0

17,462
44,331

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

96

25.6

(D)

5,684

5.7

2,719

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

107
21

20.0
33.8

118
8

504
313

33.0
8.7

468
280

Operators ............................................................ number

128

20.9

126

817

21.4

748

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

98
30

22.1
19.9

98
28

677
140

22.3
18.6

612
136

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

73
55

26.3
15.5

51
75

494
323

24.2
18.5

427
321

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

32
7
89

43.0
38.3
15.4

2
13
27
84

20
43
113
641

23.7
24.1
94.6
10.4

28
33
103
584

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

32
33
32
21
10

40.6
17.6
20.3
23.5
16.4

12
10
31
37
28
8

3
71
99
234
213
137
60

54.8
12.6
(H)
18.1
8.9
8.1
7.2

13
41
129
202
175
110
78

Average age ................................................................

52.7

3.9

56.1

54.5

3.1

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

54.6
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 65

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Tennessee

Texas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Utah

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

281
28,447

11.4
13.9

296
32,866

2,694
711,247

33.4
17.7

2,155
547,854

548
3,896,099

11.3
0.6

660
3,834,541

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

8
108
126
35
4

70.2
16.0
11.7
15.1
41.1

42
99
116
28
11

304
1,029
794
329
238

83.5
32.6
31.1
15.7
26.3

347
842
534
249
183

302
68
42
45
91

14.3
19.4
11.0
27.7
15.0

485
91
39
17
28

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

6,148

354,070

6.0

82,699

(D)

(D)

5,146

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

3,686
2,462

27,109
326,961

11.2
6.2

22,648
60,051

(D)
2,382

(D)
8.2

765
4,381

Government payments .........................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

139

4,031

10.1

2,920

(D)

(D)

177

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

265
16

11.7
23.7

274
22

2,514
180

35.4
9.9

2,037
118

536
12

11.5
31.6

649
11

Operators ............................................................ number

281

11.4

296

2,694

33.4

2,155

548

11.3

660

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

245
36

12.8
21.7

238
58

2,230
464

25.4
81.2

1,829
326

280
268

11.0
12.2

373
287

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

104
177

10.6
13.6

130
166

1,086
1,608

29.2
36.6

845
1,310

369
179

10.4
13.7

423
237

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

8
6
38
229

29.0
44.7
14.3
11.1

19
52
56
169

99
118
530
1,947

58.1
42.0
40.7
30.2

155
208
530
1,262

14
23
57
454

28.2
51.7
13.8
10.6

19
24
103
514

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

2
21
104
80
48
26

14.0
19.7
13.8
11.5
24.0
28.3

12
42
95
94
35
18

95
253
661
844
589
252

74.4
39.5
42.2
41.2
21.7
17.4

5
80
321
598
602
352
197

2
33
67
101
116
123
106

(H)
18.4
21.7
14.7
10.0
12.0
10.0

3
43
66
154
150
144
100

Average age ...............................................................

58.0

1.7

54.9

58.3

1.2

56.2

59.8

1.1

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

58.4
--continued

66 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Vermont

Virginia

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Washington

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

21
2,465

(H)
63.5

14
536

180
17,931

14.1
13.3

186
21,315

458
2,886,796

13.3
0.3

480
2,465,950

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

1
7
6
7
-

(H)
(H)
89.6
52.7
-

10
4
-

17
81
57
22
3

23.0
21.8
9.8
25.5
30.3

27
83
39
32
5

156
162
88
22
30

22.0
13.3
12.2
15.5
11.8

131
165
107
40
37

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

(D)

(D)

(D)

4,465

7.5

(D)

36,265

11.4

47,963

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
1

1,478
2,988

16.2
10.0

(D)
4,125

26,389
9,876

5.3
35.6

32,549
15,415

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

(D)

(D)

(D)

155

9.8

(D)

556

6.1

551

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

19
2

(H)
(H)

14
-

168
12

15.0
26.2

172
14

408
50

14.4
18.7

401
79

Operators ............................................................ number

21

(H)

14

180

14.1

186

458

13.3

480

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

16
5

(H)
(H)

4
10

121
59

14.8
14.2

131
55

336
122

12.5
17.2

339
141

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

11
10

(H)
(H)

14

73
107

8.9
18.6

88
98

249
209

12.1
16.8

239
241

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

1
3
17

(H)
(H)
(H)

5
9

10
6
24
140

88.9
27.4
19.0
9.6

9
17
59
101

22
42
78
316

30.8
23.1
16.6
11.7

23
33
108
316

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

6
1
10
3
1

60.2
(H)
(H)
(H)
65.3

11
3
-

36
36
47
43
18

31.8
14.7
11.2
12.0
19.7

8
23
58
53
28
16

2
17
47
117
131
106
38

82.2
21.7
23.5
17.4
15.8
10.0
17.1

7
35
69
106
137
93
33

Average age ................................................................

47.7

2.4

53.1

57.5

1.2

55.1

57.7

0.9

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

55.0
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 67

Table 4. American Indian or Alaska Native Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
West Virginia

Wisconsin

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Wyoming

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

44
4,314

27.6
59.9

38
6,547

63
19,209

11.2
6.2

100
31,990

162
409,060

16.7
8.0

235
727,943

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

1
8
33
1
1

(H)
31.4
43.5
(H)
(H)

2
11
23
2

7
23
19
9
5

46.9
23.0
24.5
66.7
0.5

18
35
29
10
8

28
24
36
33
41

28.7
23.4
15.1
25.6
33.3

14
43
72
54
52

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

316

5,590

19.1

7,462

11,132

19.7

9,902

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

96
220

3,336
2,254

4.7
46.0

2,669
4,793

2,411
8,722

11.6
22.3

1,654
8,248

Government payments .........................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

258

5.2

146

126

43.0

284

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

41
3

29.6
(H)

37
1

47
16

15.0
14.5

80
20

120
42

19.8
32.5

179
56

Operators ............................................................ number

44

27.6

38

63

11.2

100

162

16.7

235

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

33
11

37.0
29.9

27
11

46
17

11.3
32.1

73
27

136
26

17.3
33.4

178
57

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

28
16

40.7
23.7

9
29

21
42

16.3
15.3

31
69

73
89

18.7
23.4

114
121

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

2
9
33

(H)
33.3
41.6

2
4
7
25

5
1
13
44

19.0
(H)
32.6
12.2

6
19
18
57

8
16
33
105

79.1
33.5
26.5
10.5

3
10
40
182

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

3
8
4
14
14
1

63.2
67.4
71.2
37.1
42.3
2.3

1
2
21
12
1
1

2
3
23
27
5
3

47.4
5.1
14.9
23.3
50.2
44.7

3
1
18
37
20
15
6

10
21
53
53
16
9

53.7
51.0
18.5
12.5
47.1
44.7

19
10
63
64
47
32

Average age ...............................................................

56.5

4.8

54.2

55.0

2.5

53.1

54.1

2.1

58.1

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

68 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
United States

Alabama

2012
Item
Total

Alaska

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

13,699
1,711,230

18.3
12.8

11,214
1,389,766

67
(D)

27.7
(D)

54
(D)

4
(D)

(L)
(D)

3
(D)

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

4,993
4,778
2,598
806
524

21.9
18.4
16.2
15.0
11.2

3,970
3,880
2,067
776
521

9
37
19
1
1

98.9
25.1
44.9
30.1
5.9

7
26
17
3
1

1
2
1
-

(L)
(L)
(L)
-

1
1
1
-

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

5,310,409

5.1

3,673,944

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

3,249,386
2,061,023

6.8
5.9

2,345,950
1,327,994

(D)
33,854

(D)
16.9

640
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

15,898

13.6

13,730

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

8,939
4,760

22.8
10.5

7,329
3,885

37
30

46.0
13.4

37
17

4
-

(L)
-

3
-

Operators ............................................................ number

13,699

18.3

11,214

67

27.7

54

(L)

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

10,994
2,705

16.5
26.2

9,181
2,033

53
14

21.3
(H)

41
13

3
1

(L)
(L)

3
-

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

8,174
5,525

15.5
23.0

6,398
4,816

33
34

15.7
40.3

27
27

1
3

(L)
(L)

1
2

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

879
1,182
3,201
8,437

41.0
39.1
21.3
12.2

820
1,238
2,285
6,871

10
3
22
32

(H)
77.5
44.2
26.7

7
12
15
20

1
1
2

(L)
(L)
(L)

1
2

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

60
641
1,732
3,305
4,382
2,284
1,295

51.9
51.6
32.3
18.1
15.4
11.2
8.9

77
439
1,511
3,076
3,288
1,637
1,186

1
7
10
36
12
1

(H)
30.3
91.0
26.0
50.0
5.2

4
6
20
15
8
1

3
1
-

(L)
(L)
-

1
2
-

Average age ................................................................

56.8

1.7

56.4

57.3

1.6

53.6

(D)

(D)

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

56.3
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 69

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Arizona

Arkansas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

California

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

97
29,904

(H)
23.4

64
18,477

354
26,927

16.5
17.8

315
(D)

4,820
850,754

20.3
8.4

3,684
423,116

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

58
27
3
9

(H)
(H)
(H)
51.6

27
17
2
8
10

19
160
153
21
1

39.9
20.5
13.8
28.9
94.1

10
145
145
13
2

1,403
1,794
1,017
355
251

34.0
17.9
13.6
11.9
8.5

1,053
1,472
697
283
179

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

78,783

13.3

(D)

402,901

10.8

286,858

2,538,964

7.1

1,722,056

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

78,667
115

13.3
(H)

76,912
(D)

530
402,371

39.3
10.8

831
286,026

2,405,520
133,444

7.4
14.0

1,613,495
108,561

Government payments .........................................$1,000

445

41.2

(D)

439

23.5

260

5,253

12.8

4,511

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

85
12

(H)
79.5

38
26

106
248

47.2
18.3

92
223

2,307
2,513

30.6
12.1

1,793
1,891

Operators ............................................................ number

97

(H)

64

354

16.5

315

4,820

20.3

3,684

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

68
29

77.8
(H)

64
-

308
46

12.0
48.0

282
33

4,137
683

19.0
29.2

3,198
486

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

58
39

(H)
96.3

30
34

275
79

9.9
44.0

245
70

3,117
1,703

19.3
22.4

2,223
1,461

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

10
16
17
54

78.5
(H)
84.3
(H)

1
1
10
52

8
22
171
153

54.3
90.4
15.2
14.4

25
102
97
91

340
438
985
3,057

51.9
32.8
25.8
13.5

278
332
729
2,345

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

24
54
17
2

79.8
(H)
89.1
(H)

9
8
10
21
16

16
92
119
96
28
3

(H)
37.0
9.3
43.3
19.8
70.7

1
16
88
120
66
14
10

31
277
579
1,214
1,538
712
469

55.4
42.9
43.7
20.0
14.7
12.8
12.1

40
153
496
1,091
1,029
506
369

Average age ...............................................................

58.1

5.4

63.3

50.6

4.0

49.8

56.3

2.1

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

55.6
--continued

70 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Colorado

Connecticut

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Delaware

2012
2007
total

2012
2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

170
56,601

95.0
63.1

117
72,664

13
1,184

(H)
(H)

30
1,322

30
(D)

56.5
(D)

25
1,193

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

12
62
40
32
24

(H)
(H)
65.4
44.6
34.0

15
28
29
20
25

4
3
4
2
-

(H)
(H)
88.7
(H)
-

10
13
3
4
-

1
26
3
-

8.1
63.6
54.8
-

6
17
1
1

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

76,537

20.0

81,953

(D)

(D)

146

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

71,974
4,563

21.0
8.8

53,580
28,374

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
35,594

(D)
47.2

(D)
36,010

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

579

46.9

447

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

135
35

(H)
20.5

85
32

12
1

(H)
26.7

30
-

7
23

(H)
11.7

2
23

Operators ............................................................ number

170

95.0

117

13

(H)

30

30

56.5

25

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

136
34

81.6
(H)

96
21

10
3

(H)
(H)

20
10

24
6

44.4
(H)

24
1

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

75
95

81.3
(H)

46
71

6
7

(H)
(H)

12
18

29
1

26.1
(H)

24
1

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

9
20
24
117

(H)
(H)
(H)
64.5

4
19
18
76

7
6

(H)
(H)

3
11
16

6
8
16

(H)
78.7
(H)

2
4
10
9

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

5
14
18
40
51
30
12

32.9
(H)
(H)
75.6
(H)
54.0
46.9

3
3
28
24
25
22
12

5
4
3
1

(H)
88.7
(H)
(H)

4
4
3
13
3
3

1
10
10
9
-

5.5
67.0
44.5
(H)
-

1
3
13
7
1
-

Average age ................................................................

54.5

2.5

55.0

56.3

5.5

55.4

59.5

2.7

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

50.3
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 71

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Florida

Georgia

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Hawaii

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

829
38,625

36.0
81.2

612
25,404

239
17,288

12.1
13.4

235
19,966

2,835
171,754

12.9
6.9

2,544
163,919

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

369
337
87
28
8

42.9
36.4
19.8
29.2
37.6

269
249
71
15
8

26
133
63
13
4

21.7
10.7
9.2
34.6
41.1

75
88
60
6
6

1,938
681
142
43
31

14.6
9.7
12.9
17.9
12.0

1,756
639
99
23
27

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

89,869

13.1

166,684

(D)

(D)

182,185

241,787

8.5

170,483

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

74,313
15,556

15.0
36.9

(D)
(D)

(D)
300,670

(D)
7.4

5,093
177,091

220,726
21,061

9.1
29.9

150,724
19,759

Government payments .........................................$1,000

1,261

18.4

449

(D)

(D)

504

1,505

10.9

860

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

637
192

40.8
21.6

456
156

94
145

22.8
7.7

118
117

2,387
448

13.6
9.9

2,130
414

Operators ............................................................ number

829

36.0

612

239

12.1

235

2,835

12.9

2,544

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

626
203

35.5
38.0

450
162

208
31

11.6
22.3

186
49

2,310
525

13.3
11.8

2,021
523

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

495
334

31.7
42.6

311
301

192
47

11.4
16.4

162
73

1,632
1,203

12.9
13.1

1,523
1,021

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

26
88
215
500

82.2
58.5
42.2
27.2

39
77
164
332

22
48
92
77

26.8
15.7
10.5
8.2

39
62
67
67

131
121
384
2,199

22.4
23.6
19.8
10.8

108
144
381
1,911

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

40
64
196
265
194
70

73.8
72.8
40.5
29.8
24.2
31.1

13
72
159
226
103
39

2
3
43
64
78
40
9

43.0
16.3
11.5
14.2
14.1
8.2
49.4

22
31
66
83
27
6

48
185
477
1,007
636
482

34.3
27.5
19.2
11.9
8.6
8.3

4
51
197
567
805
467
453

Average age ...............................................................

58.4

1.7

56.9

54.2

1.1

52.7

62.2

1.1

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

61.0
--continued

72 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Idaho

Illinois

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Indiana

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

85
71,076

19.0
9.2

76
69,729

94
18,131

22.1
16.3

90
29,190

30
2,752

32.6
20.8

48
8,382

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

7
6
20
15
37

35.9
47.4
41.1
21.9
12.2

14
11
12
7
32

12
49
19
5
9

33.9
25.9
36.7
53.7
21.1

14
29
20
12
15

10
9
10
1

44.5
25.4
37.9
10.6

7
15
20
3
3

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

96,295

10.2

61,979

12,126

11.1

15,417

3,765

19.2

3,023

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

95,930
365

10.2
32.1

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

11,655
3,761

821
2,945

12.9
24.9

2,849
175

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

678

18.7

913

342

19.9

635

88

52.4

150

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

28
57

36.1
11.7

38
38

78
16

25.6
33.5

67
23

27
3

33.2
54.8

36
12

Operators ............................................................ number

85

19.0

76

94

22.1

90

30

32.6

48

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

78
7

19.0
30.3

67
9

68
26

23.1
19.9

82
8

21
9

27.4
47.8

38
10

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

66
19

12.4
45.1

51
25

30
64

19.0
23.8

39
51

15
15

35.9
30.4

18
30

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

10
3
72

68.7
44.7
13.3

8
11
57

4
7
8
75

53.0
53.4
35.6
21.9

2
7
21
60

3
5
7
15

89.4
56.9
65.0
26.1

3
11
34

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

5
13
15
30
15
7

65.7
57.0
34.1
33.6
17.9
38.3

5
5
19
31
6
10

2
6
20
40
23
3

(H)
44.7
38.0
24.0
26.1
77.5

2
12
28
26
20
2

3
6
3
8
7
3

70.7
41.8
70.7
48.9
30.3
63.2

2
13
17
12
4

Average age ................................................................

56.3

5.3

56.9

58.6

4.6

55.1

56.0

6.0

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

60.1
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 73

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Iowa

Kansas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Kentucky

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

72
8,059

17.2
48.9

97
25,235

71
10,557

(H)
68.2

35
14,509

71
12,284

32.6
32.2

64
9,208

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

25
20
16
8
3

23.7
29.2
49.3
65.0
83.7

8
19
20
37
13

4
17
40
7
3

(H)
(H)
98.5
60.6
70.7

8
19
2
6

6
24
20
15
6

35.4
28.6
41.4
91.4
27.4

2
18
31
10
3

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

3,422

67.5

13,039

(D)

(D)

1,661

5,218

36.8

2,877

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

5,037
8,001

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

299
4,920

(H)
37.7

(D)
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

327

34.2

643

(D)

(D)

96

169

31.4

73

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

64
8

17.9
85.5

54
43

63
8

(H)
51.7

30
5

65
6

23.7
(H)

58
6

Operators ............................................................ number

72

17.2

97

71

(H)

35

71

32.6

64

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

46
26

22.1
23.1

81
16

50
21

(H)
86.8

23
12

56
15

32.8
34.5

51
13

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

32
40

21.1
16.6

51
46

26
45

68.8
(H)

9
26

22
49

56.5
25.2

17
47

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

6
7
12
47

47.4
50.7
62.7
15.9

3
7
12
75

5
3
20
43

75.9
(H)
(H)
88.5

13
4
1
17

4
20
47

53.0
50.1
27.7

3
6
10
45

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

6
18
17
19
4
8

35.2
34.2
17.9
25.0
85.5
53.0

15
10
42
23
7

3
9
8
26
20
5

70.7
(H)
(H)
81.4
70.2
(H)

3
8
10
10
2
2

4
21
23
11
12

(H)
45.8
20.5
25.9
57.6

3
7
18
15
15
6

Average age ...............................................................

53.3

4.7

59.6

58.1

2.6

51.0

61.1

3.5

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

57.5
--continued

74 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Louisiana

Maine

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Maryland

2012
2007
total

2012
2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

64
2,764

41.8
96.0

38
3,828

15
636

(H)
(H)

12
(D)

99
4,071

20.7
13.3

84
5,859

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

17
41
4
1
1

38.1
45.5
41.1
11.0
(H)

8
15
12
1
2

9
6
-

(H)
(H)
-

6
5
1
-

14
66
18
1

36.2
20.9
32.9
3.6

4
55
19
5
1

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

11,066

42.4

(D)

79

(H)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

4,756
6,310

39.5
81.2

5,245
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
-

(D)
120,503

(D)
11.2

(D)
71,406

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

63

55.5

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

37
27

54.3
27.7

26
12

15
-

(H)
-

11
1

38
61

44.8
7.3

36
48

Operators ............................................................ number

64

41.8

38

15

(H)

12

99

20.7

84

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

52
12

38.6
59.0

28
10

7
8

(H)
(H)

7
5

86
13

15.0
59.9

74
10

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

27
37

44.2
40.2

18
20

1
14

(H)
(H)

6
6

75
24

15.0
56.9

59
25

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

8
2
15
39

78.7
82.2
51.4
45.8

1
6
7
24

6
1
8

(H)
(H)
(H)

1
11

7
5
47
40

63.6
73.1
26.4
18.3

9
23
21
31

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

4
18
14
23
5
-

53.0
41.3
34.6
51.4
56.9
-

5
6
9
13
5
-

7
6
2
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
-

6
6
-

2
3
8
28
42
16
-

(H)
70.7
55.8
24.7
14.4
41.9
-

1
14
33
25
9
2

Average age ................................................................

50.3

3.7

50.7

(D)

(D)

54.3

55.2

2.1

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

53.1
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 75

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Massachusetts

Michigan

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Minnesota

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

71
(D)

(H)
(D)

56
1,158

54
2,620

28.4
(H)

53
4,961

266
8,568

28.1
36.9

148
8,624

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

60
11
-

(H)
64.8
-

46
4
1
5
-

10
33
9
1
1

30.0
29.5
44.7
(H)
(H)

11
19
15
6
2

211
20
26
6
3

30.1
24.7
34.5
44.7
70.7

80
26
27
12
3

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

1,322

(D)

(D)

3,653

(D)

(D)

5,901

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

1,286
36

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

3,960
1,941

Government payments .........................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

41

47.2

81

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

68
3

(H)
(H)

54
2

52
2

23.7
(H)

45
8

245
21

29.5
32.6

131
17

Operators ............................................................ number

71

(H)

56

54

28.4

53

266

28.1

148

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

33
38

(H)
99.7

33
23

34
20

40.4
19.0

39
14

119
147

30.0
27.5

77
71

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

18
53

(H)
(H)

17
39

23
31

36.9
23.3

21
32

188
78

28.1
30.7

62
86

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

24
32
15

(H)
(H)
51.4

11
21
24

3
2
18
31

(H)
(H)
47.4
22.7

2
3
12
36

51
27
27
161

31.8
26.5
40.2
26.6

10
18
37
83

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

16
11
23
16
5
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
99.4
74.1
-

15
17
21
3
-

6
11
5
16
13
3

79.5
66.8
46.5
24.4
26.3
(H)

4
17
15
14
3

3
18
88
59
64
28
6

63.2
43.8
32.4
31.5
21.3
32.5
41.8

2
15
30
42
35
18
6

Average age ...............................................................

47.5

8.6

51.1

54.8

3.5

58.6

49.8

1.4

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

51.0
--continued

76 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Mississippi

Missouri

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Montana

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

66
6,630

15.5
26.4

51
6,857

235
20,198

16.2
17.6

228
27,195

31
23,313

68.1
55.5

37
27,024

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

3
27
28
7
1

(H)
22.5
44.8
38.3
59.5

1
13
27
8
2

7
81
129
16
2

60.6
16.2
20.3
13.8
28.3

6
66
118
31
7

5
1
8
5
12

(H)
(H)
62.7
60.5
39.5

7
8
4
2
16

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

100,218

47.7

49,549

152,778

8.1

127,924

1,769

25.1

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

1,097
151,681

19.1
8.1

928
126,996

1,150
618

25.3
63.7

749
(D)

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

94

66.8

70

286

36.5

265

318

52.3

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

22
44

89.6
58.1

25
26

142
93

24.2
7.1

128
100

21
10

90.9
35.5

28
9

Operators ............................................................ number

66

15.5

51

235

16.2

228

31

68.1

37

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

45
21

15.3
28.6

46
5

174
61

18.1
11.3

192
36

20
11

71.3
64.5

31
6

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

50
16

20.5
30.2

34
17

148
87

11.0
25.2

133
95

14
17

52.9
81.6

13
24

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

2
10
20
34

(H)
42.4
26.0
18.2

4
7
19
21

7
17
119
92

88.3
27.3
16.6
24.4

36
60
42
90

2
5
24

(H)
(H)
41.6

2
1
9
25

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

2
13
28
15
6
2

(H)
33.4
55.8
17.9
(H)
(H)

2
9
17
14
4
5

17
70
72
43
23
10

18.5
28.6
9.8
31.0
21.8
71.6

2
13
64
69
44
13
23

1
4
7
10
7
2

(H)
(H)
66.4
53.7
48.9
47.4

3
1
11
16
6
-

Average age ................................................................

51.3

8.8

55.6

50.4

3.5

51.3

56.6

7.9

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

55.0
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 77

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Nebraska

Nevada

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

New Hampshire

2012
2007
total

2012
2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

16
3,546

(H)
(H)

13
2,845

13
(D)

(H)
(D)

7
(D)

6
60

(H)
(H)

8
(D)

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

6
6
3
1

(H)
(H)
63.2
(H)

4
4
4
1

2
7
4
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
-

4
1
1
1

3
3
-

(H)
(H)
-

3
2
3
-

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

25

(H)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

136
(D)

84.1
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

15
10

(H)
(H)

(D)
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

6
10

(H)
(H)

12
1

9
4

(H)
(H)

4
3

6
-

(H)
-

8
-

Operators ............................................................ number

16

(H)

13

13

(H)

(H)

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

15
1

(H)
(H)

12
1

12
1

(H)
(H)

5
2

5
1

(H)
(H)

5
3

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

3
13

63.3
(H)

8
5

11
2

(H)
(H)

3
4

4
2

(H)
(H)

2
6

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

6
7
3

(H)
(H)
63.2

2
2
9

3
2
8

(H)
(H)
83.9

2
5

4
2

(H)
(H)

3
5

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

6
8
2

(H)
(H)
(H)

2
3
3
5

2
4
7
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
-

3
4
-

1
1
3
1
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
-

3
3
2

Average age ...............................................................

52.3

9.4

61.5

62.0

1.6

52.1

55.3

2.4

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

58.6
--continued

78 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
New Jersey

New Mexico

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

New York

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

110
7,217

18.6
19.7

89
5,816

29
8,742

48.5
35.4

26
20,994

90
5,861

25.1
27.0

83
10,063

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

36
37
27
6
4

24.4
19.7
28.1
67.1
23.7

28
39
11
9
2

13
5
6
1
4

79.9
(H)
38.7
58.8
29.2

9
5
4
4
4

18
34
30
8
-

38.4
23.0
29.6
33.5
-

9
29
30
11
4

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

320

19,771

40.2

12,170

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

24,730
(D)

56.8
(D)

14,094
(D)

203
(D)

27.2
(D)

199
121

14,184
5,587

30.5
(H)

4,816
7,354

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

39

61.9

72

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

68
42

18.5
28.7

61
28

28
1

49.4
58.8

24
2

63
27

26.8
29.0

58
25

Operators ............................................................ number

110

18.6

89

29

48.5

26

90

25.1

83

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

90
20

16.3
47.4

84
5

27
2

42.5
(H)

21
5

65
25

27.3
19.5

64
19

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

55
55

27.6
21.6

57
32

15
14

45.7
52.7

10
16

61
29

21.5
32.8

58
25

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

3
8
29
70

70.7
59.3
18.0
15.8

5
7
27
50

1
1
11
16

(H)
(H)
77.3
24.0

2
7
2
15

8
14
22
46

49.8
44.4
30.4
17.5

4
12
7
60

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

3
1
36
48
16
6

(H)
(H)
24.0
23.7
31.9
44.7

3
12
25
30
18
1

8
6
8
5
2

41.6
38.7
71.4
84.0
40.5

2
2
8
8
5
1

9
15
24
26
13
3

33.7
37.4
27.1
21.7
27.0
63.2

5
9
20
25
12
12

Average age ................................................................

57.8

1.5

55.0

54.7

2.8

54.8

52.3

2.3

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

57.5
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 79

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
North Carolina

North Dakota

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Ohio

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

179
8,887

65.0
44.4

122
6,766

16
(D)

(H)
(D)

4
(D)

87
6,336

23.9
24.7

78
11,930

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

28
95
47
8
1

85.9
78.1
33.6
48.8
10.7

13
70
28
11
-

2
9
5
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
-

2
2
-

15
41
21
9
1

30.2
26.3
26.3
42.2
94.9

6
28
28
10
6

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

116,597

20.4

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

4,185

59.9

4,179

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

2,339
114,258

42.0
20.8

(D)
89,043

73
(D)

(H)
(D)

(D)
-

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

3,596
583

Government payments .........................................$1,000

144

74.7

(D)

87

(H)

(D)

79

18.4

238

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

94
85

(H)
23.2

58
64

16
-

(H)
-

4
-

76
11

25.9
32.3

65
13

Operators ............................................................ number

179

65.0

122

16

(H)

87

23.9

78

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

138
41

39.4
(H)

104
18

2
14

73.5
(H)

2
2

66
21

23.8
25.1

58
20

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

114
65

67.4
61.1

86
36

5
11

(H)
(H)

28
59

27.3
25.3

38
40

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

8
23
69
79

65.5
(H)
40.8
37.2

10
22
32
58

2
3
8
3

(H)
(H)
(H)
81.1

3
1

6
12
10
59

65.6
30.8
35.5
18.5

4
6
15
53

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

5
40
62
43
26
3

98.6
(H)
34.9
41.0
47.3
41.0

1
7
27
29
41
15
2

4
3
2
2
5

(H)
(H)
(H)
73.5
91.1

3
1
-

8
13
19
23
13
11

53.0
26.3
27.7
23.4
40.0
23.7

5
14
17
19
16
7

Average age ...............................................................

52.2

2.2

52.2

52.8

10.1

54.3

55.8

4.5

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

56.1
--continued

80 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Oklahoma

Oregon

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Pennsylvania

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

285
33,426

83.8
71.3

246
36,079

286
(D)

12.9
(D)

267
31,202

62
(D)

30.3
(D)

55
4,770

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

22
83
145
28
7

(H)
63.2
78.4
57.3
55.9

18
75
110
32
11

94
101
59
12
20

20.8
13.8
16.1
46.1
21.2

66
95
70
16
20

10
32
17
3
-

47.1
33.7
25.0
54.8
-

13
21
11
9
1

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

211,040

15.3

70,337

79,211

8.4

64,008

1,676

13.2

3,047

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

593
210,447

64.9
15.1

(D)
(D)

77,261
1,950

8.6
16.6

63,341
668

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

370

32.7

338

404

36.9

309

22

23.2

31

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

174
111

(H)
37.2

144
102

196
90

15.8
15.1

170
97

56
6

32.4
44.7

44
11

Operators ............................................................ number

285

83.8

246

286

12.9

267

62

30.3

55

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

246
39

83.1
89.1

200
46

215
71

11.9
18.6

211
56

26
36

31.0
30.0

43
12

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

176
109

70.1
(H)

165
81

193
93

11.1
18.1

156
111

38
24

30.9
30.8

22
33

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

22
21
115
127

(H)
(H)
73.7
74.9

43
47
49
107

8
26
52
200

41.1
19.1
19.4
11.8

8
24
40
195

6
9
13
34

76.5
44.7
61.6
25.1

5
9
6
35

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

23
69
73
73
32
15

(H)
(H)
38.1
82.8
91.6
52.5

27
69
45
69
15
21

3
30
83
111
43
16

70.7
30.2
19.8
20.2
22.1
43.2

16
30
97
66
39
19

12
19
16
10
5

60.2
31.9
38.9
21.2
25.9

12
22
10
7
4

Average age ................................................................

51.2

4.1

51.4

57.4

1.4

54.8

56.0

2.4

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

54.2
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 81

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Rhode Island

South Carolina

2012
Item

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

South Dakota

2012

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

14
95

(H)
(H)

16
138

67
5,929

48.8
28.3

46
(D)

5
(D)

85.5
(D)

19
6,481

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

11
3
-

(H)
(H)
-

12
4
-

12
25
26
3
1

43.7
70.7
39.2
94.9
4.2

9
5
27
5
-

3
1
1
-

85.3
(H)
44.9
-

5
6
4
4

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

132

(H)

155

37,375

54.4

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

132
-

(H)
-

(D)
(D)

487
36,888

63.7
54.8

(D)
(D)

(D)
-

(D)
-

(D)
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

16

32.9

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

13
1

(H)
(H)

16
-

52
15

61.4
44.3

44
2

5
-

85.5
-

15
4

Operators ............................................................ number

14

(H)

16

67

48.8

46

85.5

19

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

8
6

(H)
(H)

8
8

49
18

50.1
46.8

40
6

5
-

85.5
-

16
3

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

2
12

(H)
(H)

12
4

32
35

25.3
77.3

8
38

85.5

10
9

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

11
1
1
1

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)

4
3
4
5

6
5
33
23

95.9
60.0
53.6
34.6

4
3
13
26

4
1

74.7
(H)

5
14

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

7
1
4
2
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
-

8
4
4
-

14
16
18
13
6

69.5
93.1
25.3
21.9
35.4

3
10
10
9
14

1
3
1
-

(H)
85.3
44.9
-

2
3
9
3
2

Average age ...............................................................

41.4

11.4

57.1

57.5

2.1

63.6

60.4

3.6

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

59.4
--continued

82 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Tennessee

Texas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Utah

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

87
4,003

17.9
46.9

74
4,410

719
120,595

11.3
9.6

561
138,780

52
3,589

27.4
17.8

49
14,526

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

3
59
22
3
-

(H)
19.2
41.6
(H)
-

2
47
20
5
-

114
304
184
74
43

32.6
16.0
12.5
17.7
13.2

78
204
138
83
58

20
19
3
10
-

38.9
38.4
70.7
21.2
-

21
10
8
7
3

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

(D)

(D)

20,168

(D)

(D)

177,750

3,259

19.7

1,841

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

(D)
19,855

(D)
10.6

(D)
(D)

(D)
285,806

(D)
24.7

13,925
163,825

3,132
126

20.7
35.1

1,774
67

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

(D)

(D)

28

(D)

(D)

1,083

61

34.3

200

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

66
21

22.3
27.5

55
19

574
145

12.0
10.9

471
90

35
17

34.0
20.9

34
15

Operators ............................................................ number

87

17.9

74

719

11.3

561

52

27.4

49

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

76
11

18.7
60.4

62
12

598
121

9.7
25.6

471
90

48
4

26.9
67.1

39
10

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

35
52

13.7
23.0

34
40

315
404

12.0
11.6

192
369

26
26

21.1
38.8

16
33

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

1
4
33
49

(H)
(H)
18.7
16.1

2
11
27
34

42
73
282
322

38.4
18.8
13.0
9.6

41
96
167
257

3
11
38

89.4
25.9
26.8

1
13
35

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

2
13
38
16
13
5

61.3
41.9
22.1
19.6
23.1
(H)

4
10
17
17
21
5

2
34
107
213
202
127
34

(H)
32.5
26.3
19.8
10.8
9.7
31.8

5
11
98
153
166
71
57

10
10
18
3
11

37.9
38.4
29.3
83.7
21.1

3
4
16
5
6
15

Average age ................................................................

54.0

5.5

56.8

54.7

0.9

56.2

59.0

3.8

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

61.2
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 83

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Vermont

Virginia

2012
Item

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Washington

2012

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

15
666

(H)
(H)

1
(D)

134
9,594

47.3
33.0

86
6,937

436
39,771

25.4
8.9

360
53,284

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

7
3
5
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
-

1
-

14
77
29
13
1

58.3
56.7
26.7
38.6
12.0

13
36
25
11
1

201
122
69
23
21

39.3
22.3
11.8
26.7
11.1

123
134
52
28
23

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

59

(H)

(D)

31,064

19.4

(D)

(D)

(D)

77,837

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
-

867
30,196

21.5
19.9

(D)
10,628

101,235
(D)

8.7
(D)

70,497
7,340

Government payments .........................................$1,000

52

87.3

(D)

(D)

(D)

323

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

15
-

(H)
-

1
-

116
18

53.2
17.5

71
15

312
124

31.7
18.8

242
118

Operators ............................................................ number

15

(H)

134

47.3

86

436

25.4

360

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

5
10

(H)
(H)

1
-

94
40

46.5
50.4

61
25

314
122

19.4
41.8

288
72

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

5
10

(H)
(H)

46
88

35.7
54.2

29
57

264
172

22.1
30.6

233
127

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

6
1
8

(H)
(H)
(H)

1
-

4
14
54
62

(H)
83.3
47.0
39.7

8
15
18
45

48
49
91
248

79.7
31.2
20.1
16.6

37
31
64
228

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

6
1
7
1
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
38.9
-

1
-

16
31
40
30
17

70.5
53.0
39.3
51.3
32.5

6
4
16
31
20
9

36
63
131
125
44
37

33.3
56.3
27.3
21.0
16.7
33.7

11
13
46
122
108
33
27

Average age ...............................................................

48.3

9.8

56.0

59.3

1.3

60.0

53.6

2.8

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

53.8
--continued

84 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 5. Asian Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
West Virginia

Wisconsin

2012
Item

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Wyoming

2012

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

20
(D)

28.1
(D)

19
2,747

177
(D)

19.8
(D)

168
7,953

12
(D)

(H)
(D)

17
19,882

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

12
4
4
-

27.4
53.0
47.4
-

11
4
3
1

122
40
8
4
3

19.8
22.9
56.9
62.7
14.6

103
45
16
1
3

1
3
8

80.4
(H)
(H)

1
2
14

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

(D)

(D)

2,535

10,241

8.7

7,198

1,764

37.1

2,238

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

4,253
5,988

17.7
20.2

3,134
4,064

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

175

17.8

134

177

(H)

54

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

18
2

31.2
8.1

16
3

156
21

20.4
16.0

150
18

9
3

(H)
48.3

11
6

Operators ............................................................ number

20

28.1

19

177

19.8

168

12

(H)

17

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

12
8

23.7
50.3

17
2

100
77

23.3
15.9

99
69

6
6

(H)
(H)

16
1

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

7
13

38.3
33.4

9
10

85
92

16.4
23.1

86
82

6
6

(H)
(H)

12
5

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

9
11

40.8
24.4

3
4
12

19
26
64
68

27.3
26.9
21.6
13.9

33
26
48
61

6
3
3

(H)
(H)
48.3

9
1
7

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

8
9
1
2

44.4
29.8
13.6
47.4

1
5
7
6
-

3
16
28
50
57
19
4

83.7
29.6
21.7
25.6
17.0
39.6
62.7

8
18
33
65
27
15
2

6
5
1

(H)
(H)
80.4

1
1
13
2

Average age ................................................................

(D)

(D)

59.0

51.2

3.6

47.9

43.1

22.2

56.9

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 85

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
United States

Alabama

2012
Item
Total

Alaska

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

33,372
3,645,351

11.8
6.5

30,599
3,182,313

2,779
296,432

6.9
6.5

2,709
266,637

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

3,933
12,481
12,468
3,544
946

42.3
11.4
8.1
4.5
7.7

3,849
11,722
11,184
3,064
780

323
965
1,095
324
72

14.3
7.3
6.3
6.0
26.8

341
1,067
987
254
60

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

846,388

4.1

615,377

41,278

11.6

26,052

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

501,929
344,458

3.9
7.4

299,738
315,639

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

51,735

3.6

37,595

3,665

4.6

2,055

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

31,354
2,018

12.4
3.6

29,048
1,551

2,694
85

7.0
8.7

2,646
63

Operators ............................................................ number

33,372

11.8

30,599

2,779

6.9

2,709

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

28,742
4,630

9.8
28.9

26,170
4,429

2,385
394

7.0
6.6

2,248
461

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

16,120
17,252

10.3
13.3

13,588
17,011

1,333
1,446

6.6
7.2

1,291
1,418

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

1,135
1,727
4,781
25,729

61.7
33.4
18.7
8.6

1,338
2,019
5,299
21,943

85
106
321
2,267

18.7
17.7
10.5
5.7

97
159
470
1,983

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

142
685
2,072
5,955
10,414
8,667
5,437

44.5
44.1
42.0
15.2
12.5
7.4
7.3

158
722
2,528
6,477
9,487
6,854
4,373

19
81
191
506
878
687
417

22.6
16.0
14.6
9.1
6.0
5.7
6.0

24
83
206
592
813
598
393

Average age ...............................................................

61.9

1.4

60.3

61.0

0.6

60.1

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

--continued

86 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Arizona

Arkansas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

California

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

25
1,941

(H)
(H)

40
1,616

1,064
149,530

16.3
8.8

1,152
155,491

345
32,932

25.9
17.5

320
26,304

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

5
13
3
4
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
-

13
18
8
1
-

85
377
408
149
45

29.6
12.5
37.1
40.7
(H)

89
453
427
133
50

135
115
67
12
16

36.5
21.3
20.6
26.2
17.9

120
115
58
18
9

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

204

(H)

416

51,609

8.0

28,774

31,113

28.9

44,463

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

188
16

(H)
(H)

(D)
(D)

44,229
7,381

11.5
80.1

23,427
5,347

30,180
933

29.9
36.6

42,459
2,004

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

77

(H)

(D)

4,426

9.7

3,418

317

48.0

320

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

25
-

(H)
-

38
2

924
140

17.9
9.9

1,043
109

292
53

28.6
21.0

265
55

Operators ............................................................ number

25

(H)

40

1,064

16.3

1,152

345

25.9

320

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

20
5

(H)
(H)

35
5

938
126

15.6
25.6

997
155

260
85

25.6
27.4

246
74

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

17
8

(H)
(H)

10
30

510
554

18.2
15.4

543
609

171
174

25.5
26.4

139
181

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

3
22

(H)
(H)

5
2
12
21

47
52
153
812

22.7
44.3
18.1
17.6

42
92
192
826

11
29
69
236

22.9
37.3
34.3
22.7

10
43
91
176

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

3
1
2
16
3

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)

9
1
19
9
2

25
90
201
322
305
121

64.1
28.4
20.0
26.2
9.5
32.6

3
18
92
298
367
260
114

31
79
87
102
46

42.2
30.7
23.4
25.0
18.1

8
50
88
72
74
28

Average age ................................................................

64.6

5.4

58.2

60.8

1.2

59.3

61.0

1.5

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

57.4
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 87

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Colorado

Connecticut

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Delaware

2012
2007
total

2012
2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

47
7,368

51.3
30.4

42
8,327

7
118

73.8
(H)

6
(D)

23
854

(H)
(H)

20
792

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

7
15
17
4
4

88.7
59.4
48.2
(H)
67.1

13
8
10
3
8

7
-

73.8
-

3
2
1
-

10
6
6
1
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
11.5
-

8
6
5
1
-

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

486

(D)

(D)

13

4,219

87.9

1,638

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

389
(D)

85.5
(D)

379
106

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

20

(H)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

44
3

54.4
77.5

39
3

7
-

73.8
-

6
-

18
5

(H)
(H)

17
3

Operators ............................................................ number

47

51.3

42

73.8

23

(H)

20

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

43
4

54.3
53.0

35
7

7
-

73.8
-

3
3

23
-

(H)
-

19
1

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

29
18

48.0
78.6

10
32

6
1

55.1
(H)

13
10

(H)
(H)

6
14

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

15
32

64.4
45.3

1
3
14
24

7
-

73.8
-

2
1
3

1
5
17

22.1
(H)
(H)

7
3
10

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

2
6
17
18
4

(H)
(H)
56.6
45.9
(H)

1
3
12
13
11
2

1
6
-

(H)
55.1
-

3
3
-

10
3
8
2

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)

1
1
8
5
5

Average age ...............................................................

63.7

4.4

57.2

(D)

(D)

53.2

61.1

5.2

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

65.2
--continued

88 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Florida

Georgia

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Hawaii

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

1,481
92,324

16.9
12.0

1,269
79,826

1,986
221,290

8.9
5.2

2,072
221,441

18
(D)

25.8
(D)

10
202

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

366
665
342
84
24

26.8
16.4
14.4
10.3
25.0

335
580
258
78
18

239
736
714
219
78

18.3
9.4
8.0
13.6
6.4

252
770
727
251
72

10
6
1
1

56.9
59.2
(H)
0.5

4
5
1
-

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

34,905

28.2

22,825

111,005

2.7

62,776

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

24,417
10,488

34.9
15.3

(D)
(D)

57,732
53,272

2.8
3.2

28,424
34,352

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
-

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

1,196

12.0

821

7,156

3.3

5,920

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

1,375
106

17.7
20.7

1,195
74

1,727
259

9.7
8.8

1,883
189

16
2

23.7
67.1

9
1

Operators ............................................................ number

1,481

16.9

1,269

1,986

8.9

2,072

18

25.8

10

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

1,221
260

16.7
19.0

1,054
215

1,700
286

9.3
7.1

1,764
308

15
3

37.9
77.5

8
2

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

697
784

14.8
18.9

576
693

935
1,051

7.7
9.9

839
1,233

11
7

70.1
71.7

4
6

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

49
51
229
1,152

23.7
26.8
26.6
14.7

39
95
259
876

58
158
319
1,451

18.7
16.6
11.5
7.3

90
167
392
1,423

3
7
8

70.7
27.1
63.9

1
4
2
3

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

5
20
85
260
474
417
220

53.7
17.0
27.1
23.4
14.9
16.3
14.0

20
77
231
423
312
206

5
65
73
298
590
608
347

19.0
20.8
22.6
13.4
7.8
7.7
6.7

9
72
177
444
625
426
319

3
1
2
12
-

31.6
0.5
(H)
31.6
-

1
2
6
1

Average age ................................................................

62.4

0.7

62.1

63.2

0.4

59.8

53.6

4.4

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

57.4
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 89

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Idaho

Illinois

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Indiana

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

14
6,613

48.4
8.7

8
(D)

110
19,843

17.0
41.5

98
9,867

53
5,704

26.5
25.4

49
(D)

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

5
3
3
2
1

50.2
11.6
(H)
10.8
0.2

1
5
1
1

18
52
18
11
11

28.9
20.5
36.9
33.4
47.2

24
47
18
6
3

5
26
16
3
3

26.8
34.2
64.1
4.3
63.2

14
17
10
5
3

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

(D)

7,307

39.8

2,709

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

403
(D)

77.6
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

2,167
542

1,982
(D)

33.1
(D)

(D)
105

Government payments .........................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

(D)

320

28.8

175

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

12
2

46.1
82.2

7
1

84
26

20.2
20.6

86
12

45
8

29.0
31.4

40
9

Operators ............................................................ number

14

48.4

110

17.0

98

53

26.5

49

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

11
3

55.9
31.6

7
1

87
23

18.1
18.0

79
19

47
6

26.6
31.6

36
13

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

6
8

79.1
33.5

1
7

43
67

15.8
18.1

38
60

21
32

23.5
32.3

17
32

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

2
4
8

47.4
53.0
54.3

1
2
5

5
11
21
73

44.1
39.5
27.2
14.1

5
3
23
67

4
8
6
35

(H)
23.7
35.4
34.1

3
1
14
31

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

3
3
3
4
1

11.6
31.6
70.7
85.5
(H)

2
5
1
-

3
4
30
24
29
20

89.4
23.7
20.1
62.9
17.7
34.9

7
6
30
26
16
13

7
10
19
14
3

99.5
28.5
39.9
26.2
63.2

1
8
14
15
7
4

Average age ...............................................................

54.3

10.0

55.8

62.3

1.8

58.8

56.8

5.1

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

56.8
--continued

90 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Iowa

Kansas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Kentucky

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

28
3,332

24.0
79.7

31
5,155

165
29,174

42.3
35.1

147
34,507

437
31,483

5.4
9.9

505
43,271

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

6
12
4
5
1

65.2
29.6
53.0
42.4
(H)

4
9
10
7
1

12
38
60
39
16

83.1
92.1
34.2
39.6
34.1

22
35
44
34
12

47
206
144
34
6

22.2
15.5
6.7
27.6
35.4

56
184
202
54
9

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

1,825

(H)

(D)

2,348

44.1

5,249

7,224

12.7

8,785

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

996
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

1,471
5,752

25.5
10.2

1,675
7,110

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

53

37.3

(D)

416

50.4

323

485

33.7

279

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

22
6

34.5
63.2

21
10

148
17

47.2
37.8

138
9

422
15

5.7
32.9

483
22

Operators ............................................................ number

28

24.0

31

165

42.3

147

437

5.4

505

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

26
2

26.3
67.1

29
2

131
34

45.0
35.3

123
24

402
35

5.9
16.7

451
54

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

15
13

26.1
35.0

15
16

64
101

29.5
53.1

64
83

213
224

6.3
7.5

228
277

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

1
2
2
23

(H)
82.2
67.1
23.0

6
3
22

20
18
127

89.4
56.6
33.8

9
3
25
110

22
23
66
326

26.6
25.1
14.2
6.7

15
29
76
385

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

5
6
12
4
1

37.9
59.2
39.5
53.0
13.4

3
2
3
8
9
3
3

6
53
54
25
27

31.6
71.9
44.9
29.4
27.7

5
12
36
37
30
27

4
23
79
134
107
90

60.0
28.6
15.5
10.8
12.4
8.9

2
11
39
94
131
145
83

Average age ................................................................

56.5

3.7

51.8

60.3

2.1

60.2

62.9

1.2

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

61.8
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 91

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Louisiana

Maine

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Maryland

2012
2007
total

2012
2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

2,359
192,287

21.8
13.0

1,914
160,574

68
363

(H)
(H)

17
451

143
10,065

16.0
8.9

193
(D)

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

398
1,018
780
120
43

37.4
21.3
17.7
22.2
20.8

358
857
506
153
40

64
3
1
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
-

11
2
4
-

27
75
33
6
2

23.1
16.4
20.9
12.7
0.5

31
112
40
7
3

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

56,890

13.4

29,682

97

(H)

23

(D)

(D)

17,187

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

49,497
7,393

15.3
14.2

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

23
-

3,624
(D)

7.6
(D)

2,325
14,862

Government payments .........................................$1,000

4,762

15.5

3,466

(D)

(D)

155

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

2,262
97

22.2
10.8

1,828
86

68
-

(H)
-

17
-

130
13

16.9
36.5

177
16

Operators ............................................................ number

2,359

21.8

1,914

68

(H)

17

143

16.0

193

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

2,080
279

21.8
21.8

1,684
230

12
56

(H)
(H)

5
12

131
12

16.6
26.2

173
20

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

1,075
1,284

18.7
24.3

854
1,060

56
12

(H)
(H)

8
9

64
79

13.8
17.9

87
106

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

94
154
345
1,766

50.5
43.0
30.7
16.8

93
137
323
1,361

20
1
45
2

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)

9
2
4
2

3
4
29
107

89.4
91.9
36.7
12.9

10
12
33
138

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

23
56
187
366
765
582
380

62.8
53.2
45.5
29.9
18.3
15.5
14.7

24
51
194
419
555
426
245

8
9
11
36
2
1
1

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)

2
8
5
2
-

5
9
17
42
45
25

32.9
39.8
48.6
17.6
18.4
21.5

15
38
58
54
28

Average age ...............................................................

61.2

1.4

59.3

43.6

7.8

43.6

63.1

1.6

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

62.3
--continued

92 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Massachusetts

Michigan

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Minnesota

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

80
983

(H)
(H)

32
610

216
9,525

11.2
16.1

247
14,732

30
26,193

34.6
24.9

22
(D)

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

60
15
4
1
-

(H)
(H)
95.8
77.2
-

16
14
2
-

40
132
37
5
2

14.2
19.3
7.7
60.0
82.2

38
124
67
15
3

5
2
13
4
6

50.2
94.9
45.0
(H)
38.7

4
9
4
5

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

(D)

(D)

882

3,878

17.4

4,015

15,293

21.0

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

(D)
1,200

(D)
83.0

820
61

3,629
249

18.2
14.5

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

(D)

(D)

11

89

46.7

159

213

31.5

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

75
5

(H)
86.8

27
5

196
20

13.2
22.2

226
21

16
14

23.0
72.0

12
10

Operators ............................................................ number

80

(H)

32

216

11.2

247

30

34.6

22

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

48
32

(H)
(H)

27
5

168
48

15.8
11.2

187
60

28
2

32.5
(H)

22
-

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

22
58

(H)
(H)

17
15

111
105

11.2
21.2

107
140

13
17

66.5
24.3

8
14

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

24
34
4
18

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)

7
1
24

17
18
32
149

35.7
22.2
26.5
10.9

14
12
49
172

1
2
5
22

6.5
67.1
42.4
40.2

1
3
3
15

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

4
34
17
13
4
8

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)

5
12
7
1
7

6
24
38
55
59
34

25.8
32.4
13.2
16.8
14.5
23.2

7
11
62
70
60
37

1
5
9
10
3
2

(H)
(H)
40.8
31.5
63.2
(H)

3
3
7
7
2

Average age ................................................................

(D)

(D)

58.2

60.9

1.2

60.6

53.6

10.4

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

51.3
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 93

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Mississippi

Missouri

2012
Item
Total

Montana

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

5,029
554,463

6.2
4.7

5,306
577,409

176
20,107

17.2
13.3

179
19,865

10
5,714

60.3
39.8

10
(D)

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

318
1,686
2,227
682
116

13.4
7.2
6.3
4.9
15.7

392
1,811
2,341
655
107

17
70
64
19
6

20.9
28.7
17.4
16.6
35.4

11
67
76
20
5

3
3
2
2

(H)
70.7
82.2
47.4

3
1
4
2

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

97,781

10.4

95,615

3,755

18.4

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

49,389
48,392

16.4
22.8

33,395
62,220

2,617
1,138

23.3
11.6

2,565
(D)

381
(D)

46.3
(D)

448
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

9,681

7.7

7,398

359

34.8

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

4,754
275

6.5
7.5

5,091
215

157
19

17.5
23.9

170
9

8
2

75.6
47.4

7
3

Operators ............................................................ number

5,029

6.2

5,306

176

17.2

179

10

60.3

10

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

4,353
676

6.4
9.8

4,514
792

157
19

15.5
35.7

148
31

8
2

61.5
82.2

8
2

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

2,452
2,577

5.4
7.0

2,270
3,036

85
91

16.4
25.4

64
115

5
5

77.5
46.5

4
6

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

150
243
689
3,947

20.8
13.9
9.6
5.0

202
311
932
3,861

2
20
32
122

47.4
34.2
26.8
15.6

26
16
25
112

3
7

70.7
70.8

1
2
7

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

27
89
299
923
1,699
1,217
775

38.6
21.6
12.6
8.0
5.3
5.1
5.0

29
95
470
1,250
1,613
1,107
742

22
40
55
35
24

20.7
15.0
34.7
26.6
25.3

3
3
7
33
72
33
28

1
4
5
-

(H)
47.4
46.5
-

1
2
7
-

Average age ...............................................................

61.6

0.5

59.8

59.7

2.4

60.8

63.4

4.9

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

52.0
--continued

94 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Nebraska

Nevada

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

New Hampshire

2012
2007
total

2012
2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

25
5,249

89.3
62.5

9
(D)

9
(D)

74.5
(D)

3
30

28
84

(H)
(H)

5
(D)

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

1
13
4
2
5

(H)
98.4
75.0
47.4
86.9

3
3
3
-

7
1
1

20.5
(H)
2.1

3
-

23
5
-

(H)
(H)
-

4
1
-

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

82

(H)

263

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

535
(D)

65.1
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)

47
35

(H)
(H)

(D)
(D)

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

18
7

(H)
74.2

5
4

8
1

83.9
2.1

3
-

28
-

(H)
-

3
2

Operators ............................................................ number

25

89.3

74.5

28

(H)

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

22
3

99.3
70.7

9
-

9
-

74.5
-

3
-

3
25

(H)
(H)

1
4

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

16
9

(H)
81.2

5
4

2
7

(H)
20.5

28
-

(H)
-

4
1

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

1
24

(H)
59.9

2
1
6

1
8

(H)
18.1

2
20
5
1

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)

4
1

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

3
12
4
6
-

(H)
62.4
47.4
(H)
-

1
4
3
1
-

1
7
1
-

(H)
6.4
(H)
-

3
-

18
2
7
1
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
(H)
-

1
4
-

Average age ................................................................

55.4

6.1

54.8

(D)

(D)

49.0

36.6

12.2

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

57.4
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 95

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
New Jersey

New Mexico

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

New York

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

53
1,038

13.7
36.8

62
(D)

39
61,300

25.9
3.1

50
(D)

70
6,059

23.6
21.2

66
7,721

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

29
17
7
-

21.7
21.6
50.7
-

17
37
8
-

26
5
2
6

19.9
80.5
(H)
2.7

26
12
4
6
2

8
19
33
10
-

47.5
21.2
25.7
23.2
-

6
20
26
12
2

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

233

18.7

(D)

126

14.7

(D)

(D)

(D)

1,921

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

645
(D)

77
49

25.3
58.5

50
(D)

(D)
446

(D)
51.4

432
1,489

Government payments .........................................$1,000

51

(H)

(D)

(Z)

2.7

(D)

(D)

(D)

35

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

53
-

13.7
-

59
3

39
-

25.9
-

48
2

66
4

24.8
(H)

61
5

Operators ............................................................ number

53

13.7

62

39

25.9

50

70

23.6

66

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

46
7

14.4
23.5

57
5

31
8

23.9
59.3

39
11

56
14

27.0
39.5

50
16

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

29
24

20.4
17.7

35
27

24
15

32.0
19.7

5
45

33
37

28.6
20.6

31
35

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

2
2
3
46

67.1
47.4
63.2
13.6

9
13
40

1
13
25

43.9
23.9
28.5

4
17
29

3
5
16
46

54.8
88.2
38.9
17.9

1
2
24
39

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

1
2
11
22
17

9.1
67.1
44.8
21.1
29.5

8
7
23
14
10

5
12
5
10
7

89.0
13.7
86.0
66.4
27.1

10
19
18
2
1

9
6
22
17
12
4

48.8
31.6
29.7
39.1
31.6
62.7

3
2
11
17
15
11
7

Average age ...............................................................

69.2

1.9

61.8

59.0

8.2

52.9

53.2

2.6

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

55.1
--continued

96 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
North Carolina

North Dakota

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Ohio

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

1,637
152,899

11.4
7.6

1,491
133,124

3
2,230

77.5
37.0

2
(D)

146
11,883

10.5
20.7

181
14,673

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

148
688
613
149
39

17.7
14.5
9.2
8.9
10.6

190
580
582
101
38

2
1

(H)
28.0

12
60
59
12
3

50.6
28.2
12.6
45.4
83.7

25
63
73
16
4

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

99,394

14.5

80,801

(D)

(D)

(D)

2,870

47.9

2,852

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

52,813
46,581

8.4
32.5

26,577
54,224

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
-

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

1,509
1,343

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

3,343

8.9

3,230

36

73.8

(D)

199

19.6

177

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

1,413
224

12.8
10.7

1,312
179

2
1

(H)
28.0

135
11

9.9
45.6

170
11

Operators ............................................................ number

1,637

11.4

1,491

77.5

146

10.5

181

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

1,439
198

11.2
12.8

1,299
192

3
-

77.5
-

2
-

122
24

16.7
26.2

148
33

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

848
789

10.1
12.9

722
769

1
2

28.0
(H)

2
-

59
87

17.8
11.4

87
94

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

72
70
196
1,299

38.2
23.7
17.3
8.7

74
90
212
1,115

2
1

(H)
28.0

2
-

14
132

33.2
9.0

9
4
32
136

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

14
37
73
233
546
529
205

27.4
62.7
20.2
18.1
9.3
9.8
9.7

5
21
87
259
543
345
231

1
2
-

28.0
(H)
-

2
-

2
4
35
49
30
26

82.2
78.7
12.8
19.9
13.0
23.1

19
58
40
36
28

Average age ................................................................

62.0

0.8

61.9

55.3

3.5

37.0

62.2

1.5

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

59.0
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 97

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Oklahoma

Oregon

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Pennsylvania

2012
2007
total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

1,337
251,680

55.3
32.4

1,111
182,591

31
2,481

18.9
77.9

36
2,738

61
(D)

16.6
(D)

63
4,682

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

107
321
540
253
116

(H)
68.3
49.9
30.2
42.3

85
303
458
195
70

10
20
1

60.7
19.0
94.9

18
13
3
2

9
29
23
-

46.8
16.6
24.4
-

7
20
31
5
-

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

15,803

33.5

10,544

(D)

(D)

(D)

455

42.9

2,248

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

5,755
10,048

36.0
32.6

3,873
6,672

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
268

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

1,916

26.5

376

(D)

(D)

14

32.4

84

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

1,266
71

57.4
43.7

1,077
34

29
2

20.2
2.7

33
3

60
1

17.0
(H)

61
2

Operators ............................................................ number

1,337

55.3

1,111

31

18.9

36

61

16.6

63

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

1,177
160

53.4
69.6

954
157

26
5

17.5
50.2

30
6

57
4

14.9
75.0

60
3

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

696
641

52.0
58.9

517
594

9
22

33.3
27.3

16
20

21
40

20.2
20.9

31
32

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

26
103
187
1,021

59.9
(H)
86.0
43.5

60
85
187
779

3
7
21

77.5
74.2
24.7

3
8
25

6
3
9
43

68.3
77.5
35.5
17.6

3
2
17
41

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

11
46
98
284
408
299
191

(H)
73.9
82.1
68.4
50.2
47.0
36.2

7
39
75
251
340
257
142

6
13
7
5

52.4
24.2
42.9
37.9

3
7
15
2
9

2
12
26
10
11

19.2
37.4
15.8
43.5
34.5

4
2
17
17
19
4

Average age ...............................................................

60.1

2.3

59.6

64.8

3.4

61.8

61.4

1.8

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

59.4
--continued

98 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Rhode Island

South Carolina

2012
Item

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

South Dakota

2012

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

4
(D)

(H)
(D)

2,025
191,452

8.7
9.9

2,108
175,689

6
(D)

31.6
(D)

10
(D)

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

4
-

(H)
-

250
849
677
196
53

18.1
10.3
6.6
11.1
14.4

270
918
729
162
29

2
3
1

62.0
44.7
94.9

1
3
1
5

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

(D)

(D)

56,425

22.9

36,310

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

27
(D)

(H)
(D)

31,963
24,462

7.5
46.4

17,085
19,226

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
1,001

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

2,012

12.7

3,385

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

4
-

(H)
-

1,888
137

9.3
13.5

2,013
95

3
3

47.9
44.7

7
3

Operators ............................................................ number

(H)

2,025

8.7

2,108

31.6

10

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

4
-

(H)
-

1,814
211

8.9
8.4

1,829
279

6
-

31.6
-

10
-

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

(H)

985
1,040

7.9
9.7

930
1,178

2
4

47.4
41.1

5
5

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

4
-

(H)
-

92
59
206
1,668

29.2
15.1
13.3
7.4

87
119
345
1,557

31.6

3
1
6

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

4
-

(H)
-

8
41
111
369
624
520
352

67.7
23.3
12.2
12.9
8.0
8.2
8.0

12
65
118
383
765
445
320

1
2
3
-

94.9
47.4
47.9
-

1
1
5
2
1

Average age ................................................................

47.0

(Z)

62.4

0.5

60.8

59.8

2.9

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

49.8
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 99

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Tennessee

Texas

2012
Item

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Utah

2012
2007
total

Total

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

992
102,196

6.4
8.7

1,052
98,064

8,551
929,003

36.8
23.0

6,124
682,586

6
344

31.6
58.8

4
1,140

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

62
396
442
75
17

16.1
6.9
6.8
10.9
35.7

101
426
450
57
18

904
3,333
3,216
905
193

(H)
37.2
27.9
14.3
29.0

777
2,419
2,172
595
161

4
2
-

47.4
94.9
-

3
1

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

18,622

12.2

15,294

114,119

16.8

67,469

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

15,570
3,052

14.6
5.7

9,853
5,441

36,772
77,347

16.6
18.2

23,440
44,029

(D)
-

(D)
-

(D)
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

1,070

14.6

1,641

5,428

17.8

1,482

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

962
30

6.7
20.7

1,020
32

8,349
202

37.2
24.2

5,970
154

4
2

47.4
94.9

4
-

Operators ............................................................ number

992

6.4

1,052

8,551

36.8

6,124

31.6

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

838
154

6.3
7.6

914
138

7,311
1,240

31.6
78.0

5,233
891

5
1

37.9
24.0

4
-

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

422
570

6.6
6.7

414
638

4,207
4,344

31.5
42.2

2,779
3,345

3
3

63.2
63.2

4
-

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

41
50
98
803

14.5
27.0
11.9
5.7

41
56
190
765

236
396
1,365
6,554

63.7
58.1
56.6
30.9

285
393
1,058
4,388

1
5
-

24.0
37.9
-

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

4
13
45
190
335
246
159

33.5
39.1
11.5
10.0
7.7
6.4
9.9

23
90
206
342
237
154

12
108
511
1,534
2,530
2,257
1,599

80.3
(H)
56.8
48.9
48.5
23.6
22.4

21
138
551
1,232
1,831
1,445
906

1
3
2

24.0
63.2
94.9

4
-

Average age ...............................................................

62.3

0.8

60.7

62.8

1.3

60.5

62.7

7.6

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

68.3
--continued

100 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
Vermont

Virginia

2012
Item

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Washington

2012

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms .................................................................. number
Land in farms ......................................................... acres

23
740

(H)
(H)

10
(D)

1,496
176,571

5.7
4.0

1,680
182,713

60
5,744

23.9
93.9

49
2,333

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

8
13
2
-

(H)
(H)
66.1
-

3
2
5
-

103
404
743
195
51

15.0
8.2
6.4
7.8
11.9

127
529
795
195
34

18
23
17
2

34.2
20.6
26.8
(H)

21
14
11
3
-

Market value of agricultural products


sold ..................................................................... $1,000

57

(H)

(D)

32,510

9.9

26,299

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops .............................................................. $1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ............... $1,000

44
13

(H)
(H)

(D)
(D)

22,586
9,925

7.9
23.1

10,612
15,687

(D)
60

(D)
32.1

2,912
(D)

Government payments ......................................... $1,000

(D)

3,710

13.2

1,759

(D)

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 .......................................................
$50,000 or more ..........................................................

23
-

(H)
-

10
-

1,354
142

6.2
13.4

1,595
85

56
4

25.3
62.7

44
5

Operators ............................................................ number

23

(H)

10

1,496

5.7

1,680

60

23.9

49

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

19
4

(H)
(H)

7
3

1,329
167

6.0
9.4

1,500
180

54
6

22.9
59.2

44
5

Primary occupation:
Farming .......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

11
12

(H)
(H)

6
4

712
784

4.6
6.8

733
947

12
48

24.0
24.2

18
31

Years on present farm:


2 years or less .............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

8
13
2

(H)
(H)
66.1

3
7

32
59
191
1,214

27.0
13.1
12.0
4.5

74
137
202
1,267

8
4
13
35

22.8
37.8
26.2
23.7

3
21
25

Age group:
Under 25 years ............................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

3
7
6
2
5
-

(H)
(H)
(H)
66.1
(H)
-

3
4
3
-

19
87
207
507
384
292

42.4
12.6
8.7
9.5
7.2
5.6

11
39
124
291
518
440
257

6
10
13
17
8
6

24.9
35.5
36.8
22.6
29.0
44.7

10
17
14
5
3

Average age ................................................................

(D)

(D)

58.4

63.2

0.8

61.4

54.0

3.9

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

55.6
--continued

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Preliminary Report 101

Table 6. Black or African American Principal Operators - Selected Operation and Operator
Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 (continued)
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text.]
West Virginia

Wisconsin

2012
Item

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

Wyoming

2012

2012

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

Coefficient
of variation
(percent)

Total

2007
total

FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS


Farms ................................................................. number
Land in farms .......................................................... acres

29
3,584

23.8
13.8

35
(D)

42
(D)

26.5
(D)

44
2,745

6
(D)

63.3
(D)

6
431

Farms by size:
1 to 9 acres .................................................................
10 to 49 acres .............................................................
50 to 179 acres ...........................................................
180 to 499 acres .........................................................
500 acres or more .......................................................

10
13
5
1

47.4
34.2
26.8
1.7

10
16
5
3
1

7
15
15
5
-

44.9
58.3
21.0
42.4
-

5
21
15
3
-

2
2
1
1

94.9
(H)
43.9
9.9

4
1
1
-

Market value of agricultural products


sold .....................................................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

1,334

(D)

(D)

(D)

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse


crops ...............................................................$1,000
Livestock, poultry, and their products ...............$1,000

78
(D)

45.8
(D)

75
(D)

1,288
(D)

8.4
(D)

1,269
64

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

(D)
(D)

Government payments .........................................$1,000

(D)

(D)

20

(D)

(D)

Farms by economic class:


Less than $50,000 ......................................................
$50,000 or more .........................................................

29
-

23.8
-

34
1

39
3

30.3
54.8

42
2

5
1

74.1
9.9

6
-

Operators ............................................................ number

29

23.8

35

42

26.5

44

63.3

Sex of operator:
Male ............................................................................
Female ........................................................................

26
3

24.5
(H)

33
2

38
4

28.0
33.5

36
8

6
-

63.3
-

6
-

Primary occupation:
Farming ......................................................................
Other ...........................................................................

12
17

22.4
39.1

21
14

19
23

22.3
37.8

17
27

2
4

26.3
82.2

6
-

Years on present farm:


2 years or less ............................................................
3 or 4 years .................................................................
5 to 9 years .................................................................
10 years or more .........................................................

2
2
5
20

15.4
47.4
(H)
21.2

8
1
6
20

6
1
10
25

52.4
(H)
21.2
31.1

6
1
5
32

63.3

5
1

Age group:
Under 25 years ...........................................................
25 to 34 years .............................................................
35 to 44 years .............................................................
45 to 54 years .............................................................
55 to 64 years .............................................................
65 to 74 years .............................................................
75 years and over .......................................................

6
1
13
4
5

50.0
(H)
32.6
58.1
46.5

2
6
7
15
1
4

3
11
10
13
5

54.8
19.3
30.0
60.2
14.2

8
11
9
9
7

1
5
-

9.9
74.1
-

6
-

Average age ...............................................................

61.0

3.9

55.2

60.1

1.9

57.1

(D)

(D)

56.8

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS


SOLD AND GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS

SELECTED PRINCIPAL OPERATOR


CHARACTERISTICS

102 Preliminary Report

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Appendix
Census of Agriculture Methodology
The purpose of a census is to enumerate all objects
with a defined characteristic. For the census of
agriculture, that goal is to account for any place
from which $1,000 or more of agricultural products
were produced and sold, or normally would have
been sold, during the census year. To do this, NASS
creates a Census Mail List (CML) of agricultural
operations that potentially meet the farm definition,
collects agricultural information from those
operations, reviews the data, corrects or completes
the requested information, and combines the data to
provide information on the characteristics of farm
operations and farm operators at the national, State,
and county levels. In this appendix, these census
processes are described.
THE CENSUS POPULATION
The Census Mail List
The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS)
maintains a list of farmers and ranchers from which
the Census Mail List (CML) is compiled. The goal is
to build as complete a list as possible of agricultural
places that meet the farm definition. The CML
compilation begins with the list used to define
sampling populations for NASS surveys conducted
for the agricultural estimates program. Each record
on the list includes name, address, and telephone
number plus additional information that is used to
efficiently administer the census of agriculture and
agricultural estimates programs.
NASS builds and improves the list on an ongoing
basis by obtaining outside source lists. Sources
include State and federal government lists, producer
association lists, seed grower lists, pesticide
applicator lists, veterinarian lists, marketing
association lists, and a variety of other agriculturerelated lists. NASS also obtains special commodity
lists to address specific list deficiencies. These
outside source lists are matched to the NASS list
using record linkage programs. Most names on
2012 Census of Agriculture
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

newly acquired lists are already on the NASS list.


Records not on the NASS list are treated as potential
farms until NASS can confirm their existence as a
qualifying farm. Staff in NASS field offices
routinely contact these potential farms to determine
whether they meet the farm definition. For the 2012
Census of Agriculture, NASS made a concerted
effort to work with Community-Based Organizations
not only to improve list coverage for minorities but
also to increase census awareness and participation.
List building activities for developing the 2012 CML
started in 2009 by updating list information from
respondents to the 2007 Census of Agriculture.
Between 2010 and 2012, NASS conducted a series
of National Agricultural Classification Surveys
(NACS) on approximately 1.7 million records,
which included nonrespondents from the 2007
census and newly added records from outside list
sources. The NACS report forms collected
information that was used to determine whether an
operation met the farm definition. If the definition
was met, the operation was added to the NASS list
and subsequently to the CML. Addressees that were
nonrespondents to a NACS were also added to the
CML and identified with a special status code.
Measures were taken to improve name and address
quality. Additional record linkage programs were
run to detect and remove duplicate records both
within each State and across States. List addresses
were processed through the United States Postal
Services National Change of Address Registry and
the Locatable Address Conversion System to ensure
they were correct and complete. Records on the list
with missing or invalid phone numbers were
matched against a nationally available telephone
database to obtain as many phone numbers as
possible. To reduce costs, operations with
characteristics that indicated they were unlikely to be
farms, according to the farm definition, were
removed from the list.
Appendix A - 1

The official CML for the 2012 Census of Agriculture


was established on September 1, 2012. The list
contained 3,009,641 records. There were 2,387,326
records that were thought to meet the NASS farm
definition and 622,315 potential farm records, which
included NACS nonrespondents, other records added
to the CML by the NASS field offices after the
record linkage process, and late adds to the CML
that were not included in any previous NACS or
State screening survey.

items at the U.S. level that most improved the


accuracy. The initial NML mailout consisted of
36,021 records. Census records that were
Undeliverable as Addressed (UAA) were added to
the NML domain and replicated from June 2012. A
total of 36,424 NML records were summarized.
Only 5,565 records were truly NML and classified as
a farm (in-scope). The 2012 JAS consisted of sample
segments from all States, with the exception of
Alaska where NASS does not maintain an area
frame.

Not on the Mail List (NML)


Extensive efforts are directed toward developing a
CML that includes all farms in the U.S. However,
some farms are not on the list, and some agricultural
operations on the list are not farms. NASS uses its
June Agricultural Survey (JAS) frame to quantify the
number and types of farms not on the CML. The
tracts in the JAS that are not on the CML are said to
be in the Not on the Mail List (NML) domain. If a
tract in the NML domain is determined to be a farm
during the census, it is an NML farm. The NML
farms are used to estimate the undercoverage
associated with the census.
The NASS area frame, which is used for the JAS,
covers all land in the U.S. and includes all farms.
The land in the U.S. is stratified by characteristics of
the land. A probability sample of segments is drawn
within each stratum for the NASS annual area frame
survey, (JAS). Segments of approximately equal size
are delineated within each stratum and designated on
aerial photographs. The JAS sample of segments is
allocated to strata to provide accurate measures of
acres planted to widely grown crops, farm numbers,
and inventories of cattle. Sampled segments in the
JAS are personally enumerated. Each operation
identified within a segment boundary is known as a
tract.
The 2012 JAS sample was increased to improve the
farm counts for operations that produced specialty
commodities or had socially disadvantaged or
minority operators. The total sample consisted of
14,376 segments of which 3,291 were additional
segments added to facilitate the use of the JAS as an
Agricultural Coverage Evaluation Survey (ACES).
The additional segments were added based upon
multivariate sample allocations to target specific
A - 2 Appendix

During the JAS prescreening operation, each tract is


identified as either agricultural or non-agricultural.
Each JAS agricultural tract is identified as a farm or
non-farm in June based on the farm definition. Nonagricultural tracts are further classified into
categories with farm potential, with unknown farm
potential, or with no farm potential. The names and
addresses collected in the 2012 JAS were matched to
the CML. Those from the JAS 2012 survey that did
not match a census record were determined to be in
the NML domain and sent a yellow census report
form so that they could be differentiated from the
green report form sent to those on the CML.
Instructions on the census report form directed any
respondent who received duplicate forms to
complete the CML form and to mail all duplicate
forms back together. Those who returned a CML
census form and an NML census form had been
misclassified as NML and were removed from the
NML classification.

The farm/nonfarm status of each NML domain


operation was determined based on the reported data
in the census form. An operation in the NML domain
that was determined to be a farm is referred to as an
NML farm. Characteristics of NML farms and their
operators provided a measure of the undercoverage
of farms on the CML. The percentage of farms not
represented on the CML varied considerably by
State. In general, NML farms tended to be small in
acreage, production, and sales of agricultural
products. Farm operations were missing from the
CML for various reasons, including the possibility
that the operation started after development of the
CML, the operation was so small that it did not
appear in any agriculture-related source lists, or the
operation was misclassified as a nonfarm prior to
2012 Census of Agriculture
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

census mailout. The CML was used with the NML in


a capture-recapture framework to represent all
farming operations across all States in the JAS
sample.
DATA COLLECTION OUTREACH AND
PROMOTIONAL EFFORTS
NASS planned and executed a multi-phase strategic
communications campaign for the 2012 Census of
Agriculture, to increase the level of awareness and
response among all U.S. agricultural producers.
Phase 1 ran from October 2011 July 2012. It
raised awareness about the census and list
building, encouraged producers to sign up in
response to NASS mailings and at community,
association, and other stakeholder meetings where
NASS partners reached out.
Phase 2 ran from July 2012 December 2012. It
notified farm operators and agricultural
organizations that the census would be mailed in
December, and encouraged communications
regarding the census.
Phase 3 ran from December 2012 July 2013. It
focused on census data collection with messaging
urging response, reminding operators that its-nottoo-late-to-respond, and thank-you messaging.
Phase 4 began in February 2014. It communicates
information about the data release plan, which has
four phases:

Phase A (November 2012 December 2013)


focused on thanking farmers for their
participation in the census and partners for
their leadership.
Phase B (January 2014 February 2014) drew
attention to the upcoming release.
Phase C (February 2014 through spring 2014)
focuses on the census findings as they are
released.
Phase D (ongoing) continues to focus on the
census findings as they are released.

As part of the plan, NASS targeted selective


communications and outreach efforts on beginning
and minority farm operators. All of these efforts
were accomplished through an integrated
communications program that focused on four
primary areas: partnership building, local-level
2012 Census of Agriculture
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

outreach, public relations, and paid media. External


support was provided by a private agricultural
communications agency.
The unifying force behind the 2012 communications
campaign was the theme Theres Strength in
Numbers. This was accompanied by supporting
messages and artwork that created a consistent look
and feel for all census communications. All
messages and materials served the purpose of
inspiring action: Grow Your Farm Future - Shape
Your Farm Programs - Boost Your Rural Services Fill out your Census of Agriculture - Do your part to
be counted - Theres strength in numbers.
Partnership and Local-Level Outreach
At the national level, NASS officials met with
leaders from dozens of key agricultural
organizations, State departments of agriculture, and
other USDA agencies, to successfully secure their
support in promoting the census among their
constituencies. Stakeholders partnered with NASS to
promote the 2012 Census of Agriculture through
publications, special mailings, speeches, social
media, websites, and other communications. In
addition, through grassroots-level outreach and
efforts, NASS partnered with a number of
community-based organizations to reach minority
and limited-resource farmers and ranchers. All
national-level outreach was encouraged and mirrored
at the regional, State, and local levels. Among the
highlights of these partnership efforts was the
production of more than 40 television and radio
public service announcements (PSAs) featuring the
U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, State secretaries,
directors, and commissioners of agriculture and
leaders from community-based organizations. The
PSAs, available in both English and Spanish,
encouraged farmers and ranchers to respond to the
2012 Census of Agriculture.
Public Relations
In the public relations arena, NASS and the
contractor worked with internal and external
stakeholders to equip them with communications
tools and resources to deliver the census
communications message to their audiences. NASS
utilized its Intranet to deliver materials to the 12
Appendix A - 3

regional and 46 field offices and created a Partner


to Promote the Census portal on the census website
to deliver public relations materials and tools to
external stakeholders. The materials included, but
were not limited to: customizable news releases,
feature stories, newsletter articles, blogs; drop-in
advertisements; website buttons and banners;
PowerPoint templates; brochures; and more. In
addition, at the national level NASS issued a dozen
news releases citing department and agency
spokespeople and published timely and relevant
pieces to the USDA blog highlighting the census.
These public relations efforts at the national, State,
and local levels helped ensure that NASSs message
about the census was continually in the media,
including print and online publications, a variety of
social media, radio, and some television programs.
Media outlets included both those specializing in
agriculture and more general outlets.
Paid Media
For the 2012 Census of Agriculture, NASS placed
special emphasis on reaching new and beginning
farmers, while continuing efforts to improve its
reach
within
previously
under-represented
populations. Even with increasingly limited budgets
and resources, NASS was able to apply a portion of
funds towards paid media. Strategically, NASS
purchased limited print and online advertising in
areas where there was the potential for high
concentrations of under-represented populations and
new and beginning farmers and ranchers.
DATA COLLECTION

respondents. For the 2012 Census of Agriculture,


NASS implemented a pre-notification strategy in an
effort to increase awareness, improve overall
responses, and encourage respondents to report early
to avoid continued correspondence. All records in
the initial mailout received either a postcard or prerecorded voice message announcing the census mail
packets were coming.
Report Forms
There were seven regionalized versions of the report
forms used for the 2012 Census of Agriculture. The
report form versions were designed to facilitate
reporting crops most commonly grown within each
report form region. Additionally, an American
Indian report form was developed to facilitate
reporting for operations on reservations in Arizona,
New Mexico, and Utah. The regional report form
numbers are: 12-A101, 12-A102, 12-A103, 12A104, 12-A105, 12-A106 and 12-A107 (HI). The
American Indian report form is 12-A200. All of the
forms allowed respondents to write in specific
commodities that were not listed on their form.
Report Form Mailings
Pre-notification by postcard or pre-recorded message
began December 10, 2012. Approximately 3.0
million mail packets were mailed in December 2012.
Each packet contained a cover letter, instruction
sheet, a labeled report form, and a return envelope.
The Census Bureaus National Processing Center
(NPC) in Jeffersonville, IN was contracted to
perform mail packet preparation, initial mailout, and
two follow-up mailings to nonrespondents.

Method of Enumeration
Data collection was accomplished primarily by
mailout/mailback, but supplemented with Electronic
Data Reporting (EDR) on the Internet, and personal
enumeration for special classes of records in the
census
operations.
Personal
enumeration
(interviewing) involved the use of both ComputerAssisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) and
Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI).
Enumerators at the NASS National Operations
Center in St. Louis, MO conducted CATI data
collection. In addition, enumerators under contract
with NASS through the National Association of
State Departments of Agriculture (NASDA)
conducted phone and personal interviews with
A - 4 Appendix

The initial mailout was followed by a thank-you


reminder postcard that was delivered in January
2013 to all operations that received mail packets.
First follow-up mail packets were mailed in midFebruary 2013 to approximately 1.0 million
nonrespondents. Second follow-up mail packets
were mailed in mid-March 2013 to approximately
750,000 nonrespondents.
Personal Follow-up
Operating concurrently with NPCs mail data
collection efforts, NASS telephone call centers
targeted selected groups of census nonrespondents
2012 Census of Agriculture
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

for telephone enumeration. NASS field offices


targeted selected groups of census records for inperson enumeration. These efforts were referred to
as:
Suspicious Out of Scope Follow-up
Criteria Record Follow-up
Must Case Follow-up
American Indian and Alaska Native Farm
Operator Follow-up
Low Response County Follow-up
Last Call Nonresponse Follow-up
Not on Mail List (NML) Follow-up
Suspicious Out-of-Scope Follow-up. The Suspicious Out-of-Scope Follow-up was a phone followup that began in February 2013 and was conducted
through May 2013. It included records that mailed
their form back with a response that they were no
longer farming. These operations had reported
agricultural information in another survey during
2012. The operations were re-contacted with a CATI
instrument to either verify the respondent was not
farming or complete a census report form.
Criteria Record Follow-up. Nonrespondents and
refusals to the National Agricultural Classification
Surveys received unique coding on the CML and are
referred to collectively as Criteria Records for
follow-up data collection. These Criteria Records
typically had a lower probability of meeting the farm
definition and were less likely to respond. It was
critical to identify those records in this group that
represented farms to provide coverage of the small
farm population. Small farms make up a significant
portion of the overall U.S. farm population.
For the 2012 Census of Agriculture, 276,043 Criteria
Records were included in the Census Mail List
(CML). A sample of 23,739 Criteria Records was
selected for targeted data collection efforts. The
sampled records were first contacted by telephone
using the census CATI instrument beginning in
February 2013 after the initial mail returns were
processed. Certified mail to 18,831 respondents was
used for those who could not be contacted by
telephone. Data collection resulted in 10,887 returns
from both telephone and certified mail. The in-scope
rate from the returns was applied to the remaining

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

criteria records during replication, which is described


in the next sub-section.
Must Case Follow-up. Must cases were known
large operations, the absence of which could have
significantly affected the accuracy of census results.
For the 2012 Census of Agriculture, 118,533 records
were categorized as Must cases. Each active Must
operation was accounted for by mail receipt, phone
interview, or personal enumeration; if an operation
was no longer in operation, its nonfarm status was
documented. CATI calling of nonrespondent Must
cases was undertaken by call centers from March
2013 through May 2013, after the initial and first
follow-up mailing. Following the CATI calling, the
remaining nonresponse Must cases were assigned to
field offices for personal enumeration. Because of
the potential importance of Must cases, they were all
accounted for and therefore not eligible for
nonresponse weighting adjustment.
American Indian and Alaska Native Farm
Operator Follow-up. The American Indian report
form (12-A200) was mailed to all operations in
Arizona, New Mexico and Utah thought to have an
American Indian or Alaska Native operator. It was
included in the initial mailout, but due to poor mail
response a personal enumeration data collection
strategy was utilized with no additional mail followup. A concerted effort was made to get individual
reports from every American Indian and Alaska
Native farm operator in the country. If this was not
possible within a reservation, a single reservationlevel census report was obtained from
knowledgeable reservation officials. These reports
covered agricultural activity on the entire
reservation. The NASS reviewed these data and
removed any duplicate data reported by American
Indian or Alaska Native farm operators from that
reservation who responded on an individual census
report form. Additionally NASS obtained, from
knowledgeable reservation officials, the count of
American Indian and Alaska Native farm operators
(on the reservations) who were not counted through
individual census report forms, but whose
agricultural activity was included in the reservationlevel report form.
Low Response County Follow-up. The Low
Response County (LRC) follow-up activity was used

Appendix A - 5

to increase the response rate in all counties to at least


75 percent. CATI was used for this follow-up
activity. NASS utilized an adaptive design technique
to identify particular records for telephone contact,
in an effort to increase coverage on minority
operations and operations known to produce
specialty commodities. In early April 2013, NASS
identified nonresponse cases in counties with a
response rate of less than 75 percent. Nonresponse
records in these counties were then prioritized so that
minority operations and specialty commodity
producers were the primary records delivered to
phone enumerators. Nonrespondent telephone
contact information was transmitted electronically to
NASS call centers and incorporated into their CATI
instrument. CATI follow-up activities began in midApril 2013 and continued through mid-June 2012.
Automated procedures were employed biweekly to
ensure that the record selection procedures were
targeting counties that would meet the goals of
increasing minority operation coverage and to
monitor the number of respondents needed to reach
the 75 percent county response rate. When the
required number of completions was achieved for a
given county, LRC activity was suspended in that
county.

described the NASS conducted a record linkage


operation between the CML records and the records
from the 2012 JAS. Those 2012 JAS records that
did not match records on the CML were designated
as Not on the Mail List (NML) records. These
records were mailed a colored census form. The
NML records were mailed at the same time as the
census mailing and received the same follow-up
procedures as the census mailing through the first
follow-up in mid-February 2013. Beginning in
March 2013, CATI was used for nonresponse
follow-up for NML nonrespondents.

Last Call Nonresponse Follow-up. The Last Call


Nonresponse Follow-up activity was utilized to
increase the national response rate to 80 percent. All
remaining nonresponse records with an expected
value of sales greater than $50,000 in counties that
had not achieved a 75-percent response rate were
eligible for this phone follow-up activity. CATI was
used for this activity and began in mid-July 2013 and
lasted until August 1, 2013. Automated procedures
were employed to monitor the number of
respondents needed and completed. When a 75
percent response rate was achieved for a given
county, follow-up in that county was suspended.
NASS achieved its goal of an 80-percent national
response rate utilizing Last Call Nonresponse
Follow-up.

For the 2012 Census of Agriculture, a first mailing


was sent to the criteria records, a subpopulation
consisting of all of the approximately 74,000
respondents to the 2011 NACS mailing. This
included pre-notification using a pre-recorded
message, the first mailing, and the thank-you
reminder post card. No further follow-up efforts
were conducted on this subpopulation. As in 2007,
the agricultural operations in this subpopulation were
relatively small in size and homogeneous in nature.
The responses from the criteria records were used to
estimate the in-scope rate for the 20,168
nonrespondents from this subpopulation.

Not on the Mail List (NML) Follow-up. To


account for farming operations not on the CML,
NASS used its 2012 JAS supplemented sample from
the NASS area frame. The NASS area frame covers
all land in the U.S. with the exception of Alaska and
Rhode Island and includes all farms. As previously
A - 6 Appendix

Replication
Replication is utilized to improve efficiency and
reduce respondent burden.
To adjust for
nonresponse associated with criteria records in the
2007 Census of Agriculture, NASS replicated a set
of respondents determined to be in-scope from the
last mailing of the Agricultural Identification Survey
(AIS), conducted in December 2006. The replicated
records represented operations that were relatively
small in size and homogeneous in nature. Replicated
records were assumed to be in-scope, based on their
AIS reported data.

Records were selected randomly for replication or


coding as out-of-scope based on the estimated inscope rate. The use of the in-scope rate after one
mailing is supported by analysis of 2007 census data,
which indicated the early in-scope rate was a
reasonable proxy for the in-scope rate for the
subpopulation of criteria records that did not respond
to the NACS immediately preceding the census
2012 Census of Agriculture
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

mailing. Of the 20,168 NACS records with no


response, 16,762 records were selected to be inscope.
Data relationships between the 2012 responses and
their respective NACS data were applied to the
NACS data for the nonrespondents selected to be inscope to derive values to seed replication. Then
replication was conducted through imputation.
Criteria records with no response to the December
2011 NACS were excluded in the capture-recapture
adjustments for coverage, response, or correct
classification. The in-scope records were each given
an initial weight of one. However, for calibration, the
replicated in-scope records were eligible for a
coverage adjustment.
REPORT FORM PROCESSING
Data Capture
The Census Bureaus National Processing Center
(NPC) in Jeffersonville, IN was contracted to
process returned mail packets. NASS staff on site at
the NPC provided technical guidance and monitored
NPC processing activities. All report forms returned
to the NPC were immediately checked in, using bar
codes printed on the mailing label, and removed
from follow-up report form mailings. All forms with
any data were scanned and an image was made of
each page of a report form. Optical Mark
Recognition (OMR) was used to capture categorical
responses and to identify the other answer zones in
which some type of mark was present.
Data entry operators keyed data from the scanned
images using OMR results that highlighted the areas
of the report forms with respondent entries. The
keyer evaluated the contents and captured pertinent
responses. Ten percent of the captured data were
keyed a second time for quality control. If
differences existed between the first keyed value and
the second, an adjudicator handled resolution. The
decision of the adjudicator was used to grade the
performance of the keyers, who were required to
maintain a certain accuracy level.
The images and the captured data were transferred to
NASSs centralized network and became available to
field offices and headquarters on a flow basis. The
2012 Census of Agriculture
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

images were available for use in all stages of review.


Images were computer generated for reports
obtained from the telephone interviews and the
Internet.
Editing Data
Captured data were processed through a computer
formatting program, which verified that records were
valid that the record identification number was on
the list of census records, that the reported counties
of operation and production were valid, and other
related criteria. Rejected records were referred to
analysts for correction. Accepted records were sent
to a complex computer batch edit process. Each
execution of the computer edit in batch mode
consisted of records from only one State and flowed
as the data were received from the NPC, the NASS
Electronic Data Reporting (EDR) web utility, or the
Computer-Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI)
applications.
The computer edit determined whether a reporting
operation met the qualifying criteria to be counted as
a farm (in-scope). The edit examined each in-scope
record for reasonableness and completeness and
determined whether to accept the recorded value for
each data item or to take corrective action. Such
corrective actions included removing erroneously
reported values, replacing an unreasonable value
with one consistent with other reported data, or
providing a value for an overlooked item. To the
extent possible, the computer edit determined a
replacement value.
Strategies for determining
replacement values are discussed in the next section.
Operations failing to meet the qualifying criteria
were categorized as out-of-scope for the census; that
is, they were classified as being a nonfarm. Out-ofscope records that NASS had reason to believe might
be in-scope (indications of recent and/or significant
agricultural activity reported on NASS surveys, for
example) were referred to analysts for verification.
The edit systematically checked reported data
section-by-section with the overall objective of
achieving an internally consistent and complete
report. NASS subject-matter experts had previously
defined the criteria for acceptable data. Problems
that could not be resolved within the edit were
referred to an analyst for intervention. Prior to the
Appendix A - 7

census mailout, NASS established a group of 90


analysts in a Census Editing Unit in the National
Operations Center in St. Louis, MO who examined
the scanned images, consulted additional sources of
information, and determined an appropriate action.
Field office analysts also participated using an
interactive version of the edit program to submit
corrected data and immediately re-edit the record to
ensure a satisfactory solution.
Imputing Data
The edit determined the best value to impute for
reported responses that were deemed unreasonable
and for required responses that were absent. If an
item could not be calculated directly from other
current responses, the edit determined whether
acreage, production or inventory items had been
reported for that farm on a recent NASS crop or
livestock survey. For operators who had not
changed in five years, demographic variables such as
race and gender were taken from the previous
census. Administrative data from the Farm Service
Agency were used for a few items, such as
Conservation Reserve Program acreage. When
deterministic edit logic and previously-reported data
sources proved inadequate, data from a reporting
farm of similar type, size, and location (a donor
farm) were considered. In cases where automated
imputation was unable to provide a consistent report,
the record was referred to an analyst for resolution.
Separate system processes were established to
efficiently provide data from a similar farm to the
edit when donor imputation was required. The farm
characteristics used to define similarity between a
recipient record and its donor record were
determined dynamically by the edit logic.
Euclidean distance was used for similarity
computations, with each contributing similarity
characteristic scaled appropriately. The most similar
farm based on this criterion (the nearest neighbor)
was identified and returned to the edit for use as a
donor.
The calculated distance between the
centroids of the principal counties of production of
the donor and recipient was always included as one
of the measures of similarity.
To provide donors to the automated edit, a pool of
successfully edited records was maintained for each
A - 8 Appendix

section of the report form. These donor pools began


with 2007 census data, reconfigured to emulate 2012
data and then edited using 2012 logic. Data from the
2010 Census Content Test were similarly remapped
and edited before being added to the original donor
pools. As 2012 records were successfully processed,
they were added to the donor pools, which
maintained the most recent data for each farm.
Donor pools were updated approximately every
other week, as determined by edit processing
schedules. After several updates, all initial data
records were dropped, leaving only 2012 records in
the donor pools. After each update, donor pool
records were grouped into strata containing farms in
the same state of similar type and size, using a datadriven algorithm to define strata. Certain American
Indian farms were treated as a separate group,
effectively having their own donor pool.
In response to each donor request issued by the edit,
a dedicated system process would search the
appropriate stratum and respond with the most
similar donor, while giving preference to more
recent donors. In relatively rare instances where it
was unable to provide a donor, the donor selection
process issued an appropriate failure message to the
edit. Imputation failures occurred for several
different reasons. The requirement that an imputed
value be positive could have ruled out all available
donors, as could have the necessity for the donor
record to satisfy a particular constraint say, that the
donor record has cattle, but no milk cows. In
general, an imputation failure occurred if there was
no satisfactory donor in the same profile as the report
being edited. Records with imputation failures were
either held until more records were available in the
donor pool or referred to an analyst. In addition,
when such a failure occurred in finding a donor for
expenditure data, a program provided values from a
table of donor pool averages in lieu of values from
an individual donor, wherever possible. This
failover utility was new for the 2012 census
imputation process, and significantly reduced the
number of imputation failures among the
expenditure and labor variables. During the early
stages of editing, records requiring imputation for
production (and hence yields) of field crops or hay,
land values, or certain expenditure variables were set
aside or parked. These records were edited when
the donor pools contained only 2012 records,
2012 Census of Agriculture
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

ensuring that 2012 data were used in imputations for


these variables.

ACCOUNTING FOR UNDERCOVERAGE,


NONRESPONSE, AND MISCLASSIFICATION

After receiving a donor's data, the edit substituted


the values into the edited record. In many cases, the
donor record's data value was scaled using another
data field specified in the edit logic. In such cases,
the size of the auxiliary field's value in the edited
record, relative to its value in the donor record, was
used to inflate or reduce the donor record's value for
the imputed field. The imputed data were then
validated by the same edit logic to which reported
data were subject. Since imputation was conducted
independently for each occurrence, reports requiring
multiple imputations may have drawn from multiple
donors.

Although much effort was expended making the


CML as complete as possible, the CML did not
include all U.S. farms, resulting in list
undercoverage. Some farm operators who were on
the CML did not respond to the census, despite
numerous attempts to contact them. In addition,
although each operation was classified as a farm or a
nonfarm based on the responses to the census report
form, some were misclassified; that is, some
nonfarms were classified as farms and some farms
were classified as nonfarms. NASSs goal was to
produce agricultural census totals for publication that
were fully adjusted for list undercoverage,
nonresponse and misclassification at the county
level.

Data Analysis
The complex edit ensured the full internal
consistency of the record. Successfully completing
the edit did not provide insight as to whether the
report was reasonable compared to other reports in
the county. Analysts were provided an additional set
of tools, in the form of listings and graphs, to review
record-level data across farms. These examinations
revealed extreme outliers, large and small, or unique
data distribution patterns that were possibly a result
of reporting, recording, or handling errors. Potential
problems were researched and, when necessary,
corrections were made and the record interactively
edited again.

When NASS summarizes the census of agriculture, it


assigns the data from an individual report to the
principal county. The principal county is based on
the operators response to a census question and is
the one county in which the majority of agricultural
products are produced. Because some large
operations have significant production in multiple
counties, some reports were broken up into multiple
source counties, to more accurately allocate the data.
Similarly, large farms operating in more than one
State were treated as distinct, state-specific
operations. A separate report form was completed
for each county or State and a separate record was
added.

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

In the 2007 Census of Agriculture, adjustments for


undercoverage and nonresponse were estimated
independently. In 2007, as in earlier censuses, the
NASS area frame was used to adjust for
undercoverage. This process assumed that the area
frame provided complete coverage and that all
operations are correctly classified as farm/nonfarm.
To determine the extent of undercoverage in 2007,
the CML records were matched to the area-frame
tracts designated as agricultural, non-agricultural
with potential, or non-agricultural with potential
unknown in June. The area-frame tracts that did not
match a CML record were designated as being in the
Not on the Mail List (NML) domain. In 2007, tracts
that were determined to be non-agricultural without
potential during the pre-screening phase of the June
Agricultural Survey (JAS) were not considered in the
NML domain construction. The NML domain tracts
were sent a census form and, if a tract was associated
with a farm, then that farm contributed to the
correction for undercoverage.
To adjust for nonresponse in 2007, each responding
CML record was given a probability of being a farm
using a classification tree. The inverse of this
probability became the nonresponse weight for that
record. For undercoverage, the adjustment provided
State-level values. A State-level estimate was based
on the weighted sum of the responders with an
adjustment for the non-responders within that State
plus the State-level undercoverage adjustment.
Appendix A - 9

Because State-level farm count estimates based on


this two-step process sometimes had high standard
errors and apparent biases, the national-level
adjusted estimates were smoothed across States,
producing initial State-level farm operation coverage
targets.
Research following the 2007 Census of Agriculture
led to the realization that some area-frame operations
were misclassified as farm/nonfarm, which was in
conflict with the previous assumption that the JAS
farm classification was the accurate classification.
Further, because nonresponse could only occur if the
operation was on the CML, undercoverage and
nonresponse were dependent. Thus in 2012, NASS
used capture-recapture methodology to adjust for
undercoverage, nonresponse, and misclassification.
To implement capture-recapture methods, two
independent surveys were required. The 2012
Census of Agriculture (based on the CML) and the
2012 JAS (based on the area frame) were those two
surveys. Historically, NASS has been careful to
maintain the independence of these two surveys.
A second assumption was that the proportion of JAS
farms with a given set of characteristics captured by
the census was equal to the proportion of U.S. farms
with those same characteristics captured by the
census.
For a farm to be identified as a farm, and thus
captured by the census, it must be on the CML,
respond to the census report form and, based on the
census response, be classified as a farm; that is, the
capture probability C is of interest:
C

= (CML, Responded, Farm on Census|Farm)

Two types of classification error can occur. First, a


farm can be misclassified as a nonfarm. This type of
misclassification is accounted for in determining the
probability of capture C. The second type of
classification error results when a response to the
census is classified as a farm operation when it does
not meet the definition of a farm. That is, some
farms on the CML may be misclassified from their
census report response and may be nonfarms. To
account for the misclassification of nonfarms as
farms, the probability of a farm on the census being
classified correctly must be estimated; that is,
A - 10 Appendix

CCFC

= (Farm | Farm on Census)

where CCFC represents Correct Census Farm


Classification. To adjust for undercoverage,
nonresponse, and misclassification, each CML
record classified as a farm based on its response to
the census report form was given a weight of the
ratio of the estimated probability of correct
classification of a farm on the census and the
estimated probability of capture ( CCFC / C where
the hat symbol (^) denotes an estimate). To estimate
the number of farms with a given set of
characteristics, the weights of CML records
responding as farms on the census and having that
set of characteristics were summed. This estimator is
referred to as the capture-recapture estimator (CR):
CCFC ,i

CR
i F

C ,i

where F is the set of all CML records classified as


farms based on their responses to the census
questionnaire.
To estimate the capture and correct census farm
classification probabilities, a matched dataset
consisting of JAS records and census records was
created. Records in the 2012 JAS sample were
matched to the 2012 census using probabilistic
record linkage. The CML records that matched with
JAS tracts represent the Census sample. Note: The
Census Sample is a subset of the CML records and
includes only those records matching a JAS tract.
Both agricultural and non-agricultural tracts were
included in the matched dataset. (This differs from
the 2007 processes, which considered only the
agricultural tracts and non-agricultural tracts with
potential or with potential unknown. It also included
CML records that responded to the census as a farm
or nonfarm and CML records that did not respond to
the census.)
Resolving Farm Status
The farm status based on census responses to either
the CML or NML census data collection and the JAS
agreed in most cases; these records are referred to as
having resolved farm status. However, in other
cases, a record was identified as a farm (nonfarm) on
the JAS and as a nonfarm (farm) by the census
2012 Census of Agriculture
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

through either the CML or the NML. Such records


are said to have conflicting or unresolved farm
status. An operation identified as a farm is referred
to as in-scope; one identified as a nonfarm is referred
to as out-of-scope. From the set of matched records,
three groups with conflicting farm status were
identified: 1) in-scope JAS records that were out-ofscope on the census and 2) census in-scope and JAS
out-of-scope records, and 3) in-scope JAS records
that did not have a census response. The records
with conflicting farm status were sent to regional
field offices for review. In each case, efforts were
made to determine whether (1) the status had
changed between June and December when the
census was conducted, (2) the JAS farm status was
correct, (3) the census farm status was correct, (4)
the records were incorrectly matched, or (5) the farm
status could not be resolved. Not all of the records
with conflicting farm status could be resolved. In
2012, 11.6 percent of the records in the Census
Sample had unresolved farm status. Of these, 18.9
percent were from nonresponse to the census report
form.

The probability an operation is a farm was estimated


for the records with unresolved farm status. Using
the 2012 matched dataset, a logistic model of the
probability an operation is a farm based on the
records with resolved farm status was developed;
that is, the operations where the farm (or nonfarm)
status agreed between the JAS and the census were
used to develop a missing data model, which was
then used to resolve farm status. The final missing
data model was used to impute the probability that
each of the agricultural operations with unresolved
farm status is a farm. For the resolved farms and
nonfarms, the probability of the operation being a
farm was 1 and 0, respectively. Five-fold crossvalidation was used to develop and to compare
competing models. The accuracy of the model was
thereby not overstated due to fitting and evaluating
the model on the same set of data. To ensure that
each of the cross-validation samples covered the
U.S., the five cross-validation samples of JAS
segments were drawn within State-stratum
combinations. Characteristics of the JAS tracts were
considered as potential covariates in the model.
Because limited information is available for JAS
nonfarm tracts, county-level socio-demographic
2012 Census of Agriculture
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

variables from the most recent U.S. population


census were also considered. The sample weight
associated with each JAS tract was multiplied by the
probability of being a farm. This adjusted weight
was used in all subsequent modeling.
Capture Probabilities
Recall that, for a farm to be identified as a farm, and
thus captured, by the census, it must be on the CML,
respond to the census report form and, based on the
census response, be classified as a farm. These
adjustments are dependent so that the probability of
capture C may be written as
C = (CML, Responded, Farm on Census|Farm)
= (CML|Farm)(Responded|CML, Farm)(Farm
on Census|CML, Responded, Farm)
The probability of capturing a farm depends on the
characteristics of the farm. Using five-fold crossvalidation, three logistic models were developed
based on the matched dataset. The first model
estimated the probability of a farm being on the
CML. The second model estimated the probability
that a farm on the CML responded to the census
report form. The final model estimated the
probability that a farm that was on the CML and
responded to the census was identified as a farm
based on its response. The probability that a farm is
captured by the census of agriculture is then the
product of the three conditional probabilities that a
farm is on the CML, responds, and is identified as a
farm.
Note 1: Responses were required for Must cases.
These operations were only included in modeling the
probability of a farm being on the CML.
Consequently, the weight associated with a Must
record was the reciprocal of the probability of a farm
being on the CML.
Note 2: Two sets of models were created. One set
estimated the probability of capture for Texas farms.
The other set provided estimated capture
probabilities for farms in the remaining States,
except for Alaska.
Note 3: Because Alaska is not included in the JAS
and thus has no area frame, the Alaskan agricultural
Appendix A - 11

operations were not included in the capture-recapture


process. No adjustments were made for
undercoverage or misclassification. To account for
nonresponse, the CML records were divided into
three groups: (1) the Must records, (2) the Criteria
Records, and (3) the remaining CML records. The
must records received a weight of one, thereby
receiving no adjustment for nonresponse. The
probability of response for each of the other two
groups was the proportion of responders within the
group. Each record within the group was then given
a weight equal to the reciprocal of the probability of
response.
Misclassification
An operation is misclassified if (1) it meets the
definition of a farm, but is classified as a nonfarm on
the census or (2) it does not meet the definition of a
farm, but is classified as a farm on the census. The
first type of misclassification is accounted for when
modeling the probability of capture. An adjustment
is still needed for the misclassification of nonfarms
as farms. As with farm status and capture, the
probability of this misclassification depends on an
operations characteristics. Thus, a final logistic
model was developed. Given that an operation was
classified as a farm on the CML, the probability of
its being a farm was modeled based on its
characteristics. Five-fold cross-validation was used
to ensure that the model was not over-fitted.
CALIBRATION
Each operation identified as being in-scope on the
CML was given a weight equal to the probability of
misclassification divided by the probability of
capture. This weight accounted for undercoverage,
nonresponse, and both types of misclassification.
The record weighting processes were initially
applied at the State level to produce adjusted
estimates of farm numbers and land in farms for 63
different categories of 8 characteristics of the farm
operation or the farm operator -- value of agricultural
sales (8); age (2); female; race (4); Hispanic origin of
principal farm operator ; 4 sales categories for each
of 10 major commodities (40); and farm type groups
(7). The State-level number of farms and land in
farms were two additional adjusted estimates,
A - 12 Appendix

resulting in 65 categories. To reduce the intercensal


variation at the State level, the State targets were
smoothed by averaging the 2012 estimates from
capture-recapture and the published 2007 state
estimates with the restrictions that the smoothed
targets were within one standard error of the capturerecapture estimates. The smoothed State targets were
rescaled so that they summed to the national capturerecapture estimates.
These State estimates were general purpose in that
they did not provide any control over expected levels
of commodity production of the individual farm
operation. As a result of this limitation, the
procedures could have over-adjusted or underadjusted for commodity production. To address this,
a second set of variables, known as commodity
targets, was added to the calibration algorithm.
These targets were commodity totals from
administrative sources or from NASS surveys of
nonfarm populations (e.g. USDA Farm Service
Agency program data, Agricultural Marketing
Service market orders, livestock slaughter data,
cotton ginning data). The introduction of these
commodity coverage targets strengthened the overall
adjustment procedure by ensuring that major
commodity totals remained within reasonable
bounds of established benchmarks. Commodity
coverage targets with acceptable ranges were
established by subject-matter experts for each State,
with New England treated as a State.
Each State was calibrated separately. The calibration
algorithm addressed commodity coverage. The
algorithm was controlled by the 65 State farm
operation coverage targets and the State commodity
coverage targets. To ensure that the calibration
process converged with so many constraints, it was
desirable to provide some tolerance ranges for each
target. Although full calibration to a single point
estimate would assure that the weighted total among
census respondents equaled its target for each
calibration variable in either set, it was not always
possible to calibrate to such a large number of target
values while ensuring that farm weights were within
a reasonable range and not less than one. Because of
this and because calibration targets are estimates
themselves subject to uncertainty, NASS allowed
some tolerance in the determination of the adjusted
weights. Rather than forcing the total for each
2012 Census of Agriculture
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

calibration variable computed using the adjusted


weights to equal a specific amount, NASS allowed
the estimated total to fall within a tolerance range.
This tolerance strategy made it possible for the
calibration algorithm to produce a set of satisfactory,
adjusted weights.
Ranges for the farm operation coverage targets were
determined differently from the commodity targets.
The State target for number of farms had no
tolerance range. The tolerance range for the 64 other
State farm operation coverage targets was the
estimated smoothed State total for the variable plus
or minus one-half of one estimated standard error of
the capture-recapture estimate. This choice limited
the cumulative deviation from the estimated total for
a variable when State totals were summed to a U.S.
level total. The commodity target tolerance ranges
were determined by subject-matter experts, based on
the amount of confidence in the source, and usually
were less than plus or minus two percent of the
target. Ranges were not necessarily symmetric
around the target value.

Census data collection was assumed to be complete


for very large and unique farms with their weight
being controlled to 1 during the calibration
adjustment process. For all other farms, adjustment
weights were obtained using truncated linear
calibration which forced the final census record
weights to fall in the interval [1,6]. Adjustments
began with the nonresponse and misclassification
adjusted weights. Through calibration, a second
stage weight that simultaneously satisfied all farm
operation coverage and commodity coverage
calibration targets was obtained. Calibration was
seldom able to adjust weights so that all State targets
were met. Within the calibration process, the highest
priority for meeting a target was given to the number
of farms, total land in farms, and top cash-receipt
commodities accounting for 80 percent of the States
production. All remaining targets associated with
commodities and characteristics of farms and farm
operators had equal priority. If a value within the
tolerance range of any variable could not be
achieved in a given State, the variable was removed
as a target in that State and the calibration algorithm
was rerun.

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Weight computations in the final algorithms were


performed to several decimals. Thus, the fullyadjusted weights were non-integer numbers. To
ensure that all subdomains for which NASS
publishes summed to their grand total, fully-adjusted
weights were integerized. This eliminated the need
for rounding individual cell values and ensured that
marginal totals always added correctly to the grand
total. As an example of how the integerization
process worked, assume there were five census
records in a county with final noninteger coverage
weights of 2.2, for a total of 11. The integerization
process randomly selected four of these records and
rounded their final weight down to 2.0 and rounded
the fifth record up to 3.0, for a total of 11.
DISCLOSURE REVIEW
After tabulation and review of the aggregates, a
comprehensive disclosure review was conducted.
NASS is obligated to withhold, under Title 7, U.S.
Code, any total that would reveal an individuals
information or allow it to be closely estimated by the
public. Cell suppression was used to protect the
cells that were determined to be sensitive to a
disclosure of information. Farm counts are not
considered sensitive and are not subject to disclosure
controls.
Based on agency standards, data cells were
determined to be sensitive to a disclosure of
information if they violated either of two criteria
rules. The threshold rule was violated if the data cell
contained less than three operations. For example, if
only one farmer produced turkeys in a county, NASS
could not publish the county total for turkey
inventory without disclosing that individuals
information. The dominance rule was violated if the
distribution of the data within the cell allowed a data
user to estimate any respondents data too closely.
For example, if there are many farmers producing
turkeys in a county and some of them were large
enough to dominate the cell total, NASS could not
publish the county total for turkey inventory without
risking disclosing an individual respondents data.
In both of these situations, the data were suppressed
and a (D) was placed in the cell in the census
publication table. These data cells were referred to
as primary suppressions.

Appendix A - 13

Since most items were summed to marginal totals,


primary suppressions within these summation
relationships were protected by ensuring that there
were additional suppressions within the linear
relationship that provided adequate protection for the
primary. A detailed computer routine selected
additional data cells for suppression to ensure all
primary suppressions were properly protected in all
linear relationships in all tables. These data cells
were referred to as complementary suppressions.
These cells were not themselves sensitive to a
disclosure of information but were suppressed to
protect other primary suppressions. A (D) was also
placed in the cell of the census publication table to
indicate a complementary suppression. A data user
could not determine whether a cell with a (D)
represented a primary or a complementary
suppression.
Field office analysts reviewed all complementary
suppressions to ensure no cells had been withheld
that were vital to the data users. In instances where
complimentary suppressions were deemed critically
important to a State or county, analysts requested an
override and a different complementary cell was
chosen.
CENSUS QUALITY
The purpose of the census of agriculture is to
account for any place from which $1,000 or more
of agricultural products were produced and sold, or
normally would have been sold, during the census
year. To accomplish this, NASS develops a CML
that contains identifying information for operations
that have an indication of meeting the census
definition, develops procedures to collect
agricultural information from those records,
establishes criteria for analyst review of the data,
creates computer routines to correct or complete the
requested information, and provides census estimates
of the characteristics of farms and farm operators
with associated measures of uncertainty.
It is not likely that either the CML includes all
operations that meet the definition of a farm or that
all those that do meet the definition of a farm
respond to the census inquiry. The goal is to publish
data with a high level of quality. There are many
ways to measure the quality of a census.
A - 14 Appendix

One of the first indicators used is a measure of the


response to the census data collection as it has
generally been thought that a high response rate
indicates more complete coverage of the population
of interest. This is a valid assumption if the
enumeration list, the CML here, has complete
coverage of the population of interest. In the case of
the census of agriculture, the definition requiring
advance knowledge of sales makes achieving a high
level of coverage difficult. To ensure that the census
of agriculture is as complete as possible, records are
included that might not meet the census definition of
a farm in fact, almost 50 percent more records than
the anticipated number of qualifying farm operations
were included in the 2012 CML. A second indicator
of quality then is the coverage of the farm population
by the CML. Other indicators of quality relate to the
accuracy and completeness of the data, and the
validity of the procedures used in processing the
data.
In some cases, NASS was able to produce measures
of quality such as the response rate to the data
collection, the coverage of the census mail list, and
the variability of the final adjusted estimates. In
other cases, measures were not produced but
descriptions of procedures that NASS used to reduce
errors from the procedures were subsequently
provided.
Census Response Rate
The response rate is one indicator of the quality of a
data collection. It is generally assumed that if a
response rate is close to a full participation level of
100 percent, the potential for nonresponse bias is
small, although this has been questioned recently in
the literature. Because the CML contains both farm
and nonfarm records, the response rate is an
indicator of replying to the census data collection
effort, but does not reflect whether those responding
met the farm definition. The response rate for the
2012 Census of Agriculture CML is 80.1 percent as
compared with a response rate of 85.2 percent for the
2007 Census of Agriculture and 88.0 for the 2002
Census of Agriculture.
The 2012 Census of Agriculture response rate used
the fourth response rate formula from the American

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Association of Public Opinion Research Response


Rate Standard Definitions manual:
RR4

Cadj
Cadj

NC O

Replicated e(U )

(100 )

where
Cadj = number of fully and partially completed
records, excluding replicated records
R = number of explicit refusals
NC = number of non-contacted operations
O = number of other types of nonrespondents
Replicated = number of replicated records
U = number of operations of unknown eligibility
e(U) = estimated number of operations of
unknown eligibility assumed to be eligible

Records were classified into the above variables


based on the combination of their active status (AS)
codes, in-scope status, and replication status. Active
status refers to the eligibility status of records for
selection on the CML. All replicated records were
considered to be a form of nonresponse and were
classified into other nonrespondents; in-scope status
was considered immaterial.
Certain active status classifications indicated records
of unknown agricultural status. These classifications
included records to be removed from the CML but
had data from outside sources indicating agricultural
activity, new records from outside data sources,
nonrespondents and refusals to the NACS, records
for regional office handling only, and records with
Farm Service Agency or Conservation Reserve
Program data on operations that are not owned by
the principal operator. These records were stratified
(grouped) based on their probabilities of being inscope had they responded. The estimated number of
in-scope nonrespondents was calculated for the hth
stratum (group) by the following formula:

e(U h )

Cin

scope,h

Ch

Uh

where
e(Uh) = estimated number of operations of
unknown eligibility assumed to be eligible in the
hth group
2012 Census of Agriculture
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Cin-scope,h = the number of completed and in-scope


census records in the hth group
Ch = the number of completed census records in
the hth group
Uh = number of operations of unknown
eligibility in the hth group
Census Coverage
As a side-product of the statistical adjustment used
to account for undercoverage, nonresponse of farms
on the CML, and misclassification of responses to
the census, the proportion of the adjustments due to
each of those factors can be derived. The final
census numbers reflected an adjustment of 12
percent for undercoverage, 16 percent for
nonresponse to the census data collection, and 6
percent due to incorrect classification. Tables for
State estimates of these adjustments will be provided
in the final census publication.
MEASURED
PROCESS

ERRORS

IN

THE

CENSUS

Although the census of agriculture does not


inherently rely on a sample, it uses statistical
procedures in compiling the CML, in its data
collection procedures, in data editing and processing,
and in compiling the final data. Additionally, it uses
statistical procedures to both measure errors in the
various processes and in making adjustments for
those errors in the final data. One example is the
statistical process used to account for undercoverage,
nonresponse of farms on the CML, and
misclassification of responses to the census. The
basis of the undercoverage adjustment is the capturerecapture procedure that uses the area sample
enumeration from the June Agricultural Survey. The
largest contribution to error in the census estimates is
due to the adjustments for nonresponse,
undercoverage, misclassification, calibration and
integerization.
Variability in Census Estimates due to
Statistical Adjustment
In conducting the 2012 Census of Agriculture,
efforts were initiated to measure error associated
with the adjustments for farm operations that were
not on the CML, for farm operations that were on the
Appendix A - 15

CML but did not respond to the census report form ,


for farms and nonfarms that were misclassified as
nonfarms and farms, respectively, for calibration,
and for integerization. These error measurements
were developed from the standard error of the
estimates at the national, State, and county levels and
were expressed as coefficients of variation (CVs) at
the national and State levels and as generalized
coefficients of variation (GCVs) at the county levels.
The standard error of an estimate is an estimate of
the standard deviation of the sampling distribution of
the estimator. Because Texas and Alaska were
modeled separately from the other States, the
variances of a national-level data item for these two
States were computed separately and added to the
variance of that data item for the rest of the U.S. The
standard error was then the square root of the total
variance. In each case, standard errors were
computed using the group jackknife approach. To
conduct the jackknifing, k mutually exclusive and
exhaustive groups of JAS segments were formed.
The groups were selected using a stratified random
design so that each group reflected the survey
design, including State and agricultural strata within
a State. In turn, each group, j = 1, 2, , k, was
deleted and the capture-recapture estimate CRi(j) was
computed for each data item i at the specified
geographical level, such as nation, State, or county,
using the remaining (k 1) groups. Estimate of the
variance and standard error associated with the
capture-recapture estimate CRi are then, respectively,
2
i

k 1
k

(CRi( j )

CRi ) 2 ;

SE(CRi )

2
i

j 1

Increasing k improves the estimate of the variance


but, as k increases, the observations become too
sparse to reflect the survey design and to provide
country-wide coverage. Based on 2007 data, k = 10
was determined to be the largest number of groups
that could be formed and still have each group
provide adequate coverage within all States and
agricultural strata. Thus, 10 jackknife groups were
used to provide standard errors for 2012 State and
national estimates. To capture the additional
variability from calibration and integerization, the
standard errors were computed using the calibrated,
integerized capture-recapture estimates from the
jackknife groups. For the estimate of the number of
A - 16 Appendix

farms with a given set of characteristics, only the


CML records with those characteristics were used to
obtain the overall estimate as well as the estimates
from each jackknife group.
When the constraints of the calibration process
produced an artificially small standard error, the
more conservative capture-recapture standard error
was used. Note that the jackknife groups must only
be constructed once, and different subsets of the
records were used to compute estimates and standard
errors for the data items.

The CV is a measure of the relative amount of error


associated with the sample estimate:
SE(CRi )
CV
100 %
CRi
where SE(CRi) is the standard error of the capturerecapture estimate for data item i. This relative
measure allows the reliability of a range of estimates
to be compared. For example, the standard error is
often larger for large population estimates than for
small population estimates, but the large population
estimates may have a smaller CV, indicating a more
reliable estimate. For county-level estimates, a
generalized coefficient of variation (GCVs) was
determined for each estimate within a State. A
generalized variance function relates a function of
the variance of an estimator to a function of the
estimator. Within a State, the standard error of an
estimate for a data item was often found to be
linearly related to the estimate of that item with an
intercept of zero. Based on this modeled relationship,
the GCV is the slope of the line relating the standard
error to the estimate, multiplied times 100 to
represent the GCV as a percentage.
The standard error is the product of the CV (or GCV
for county estimates) and the estimate divided by
100. As an example, if the GCV for a State is 25
percent and a countys estimate is 4, then the
standard error is 25(4)/100 = 1. The standard error of
an estimated data item from the census provides a
measure of the error variation in the value of that
estimated data item based on the possible outcomes
of the census collection, including variants as to who
was on the CML, who returned a census form, who
was misclassified either as a farm or as a nonfarm,
2012 Census of Agriculture
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

and the uncertainty associated with calibration and


integerization. With 95 percent confidence, an
estimate is within two standard errors of the true
value being estimated. For this example, with 95
percent confidence, the estimate of 4 is within 2(1) =
2 of the true county value.
NONMEASURED ERRORS IN THE CENSUS
PROCESS
As noted in the previous section, sampling errors can
be introduced from the coverage, nonresponse and
misclassification adjustment procedures. This error
is measureable. However, nonsampling errors are
imbedded in the census process that cannot be
directly measured as part of the design of the census
but must be contained to ensure an accurate count.
Extensive efforts were made to compile a complete
and accurate mail list for the census, to elicit
response to the census, to design an understandable
report form with clear instructions, to minimize
processing errors through the use of quality control
measures, to reduce matching error associated with
the capture-recapture estimation process, and to
minimize error associated with identification of a
respondent as a farm operation (referred to as
classification error). The weight adjustment and
tabulation processes recognize the presence of
nonsampling errors; however, it is assumed that
these errors are small and that, in total, the net effect
is zero. In other words, the positive errors cancel the
negative errors.
Respondent and Enumerator Error
Incorrect or incomplete responses to the census
report form or to the questions posed by an
enumerator can introduce error into the census data.
Steps were taken in the design and execution of the
census of agriculture to reduce errors from
respondent reporting. Poor instructions and
ambiguous definitions lead to misreporting.
Respondents may not remember accurately, may
give rounded numbers, or may record an item in the
wrong cell. To reduce reporting and recording errors,
the report form was tested prior to the census using
industry accepted cognitive testing procedures.
Detailed instructions for completing the report form
were provided to each respondent. Questions were
phrased as clearly as possible based on previous tests
2012 Census of Agriculture
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

of the report form. Computer-assisted telephone


interviewing software included immediate integrity
checks of recorded responses so suspect data could
be verified or corrected. In addition, each
respondents answers were checked for completeness
and consistency by the complex edit and imputation
system.
Processing Error
Processing of each census report form was another
potential source of nonsampling error. All mail
returns that included multiple reports, respondent
remarks, or that were marked out of business and
report forms with no reported data were sent to an
analyst for verification and appropriate action.
Integrity checks were performed by the imaging
system and data transfer functions. Standard quality
control procedures were in place that required that
randomly selected batches of data keyed from image
be re-entered by a different operator to verify the
work and evaluate key entry operators. All systems
and programs were thoroughly tested before going
on-line and were monitored throughout the
processing period.
Developing accurate processing methods is
complicated by the complex structure of agriculture.
Among the complexities are the many places to be
included, the variety of arrangements under which
farms are operated, the continuing changes in the
relationship of operators to the farm operated, the
expiration of leases and the initiation or renewal of
leases, the problem of obtaining a complete list of
agriculture operations, the difficulty of contacting
and identifying some types of contractor/contractee
relationships, the operators absence from the farm
during the data collection period, and the operators
opinion that part or all of the operation does not
qualify and should not be included in the census.
During data collection and processing of the census,
all operations underwent a number of quality control
checks to ensure results were as accurate as possible.
Item Nonresponse
All item nonresponse actions provide another
opportunity to introduce measurement errors.
Regardless of whether it was previously reported
data, administrative data, the nearest neighbor
Appendix A - 17

algorithm, or manually imputed by an analyst, some


risk exists that the imputed value does not equal the
actual value. Previously reported and administrative
data were used only when they related to the census
reference period. A new nearest neighbor was
randomly selected for each incident to eliminate the
chance of a consistent bias.
Record Matching Error
The process of building and expanding the CML
involves finding new list sources and checking for
names not on the list. An automated processing
system compared each new name to the existing
CML names and linked like records for the
purpose of preventing duplication. New names with
strong links to a CML name were discarded and
those with no links were added as potential farms.
Names with weak links, possible matches, were
reviewed by staff to determine whether the new
name should be added. Despite this thorough
review, some new names may have been erroneously
added or deleted. Additions could contribute to
duplication (overcoverage) whereas deletions could
contribute to undercoverage. As a result, some
names received more than one report form, and some
farm operators did not receive a report form.
Respondents were instructed to complete one form
and return all forms so the duplication could be
removed.
Another chance for error came when comparing June
Agricultural Survey tract operator names to the
CML. Area operators whose names were not found
on the CML were part of the measure of list
incompleteness, or NML. Mistakes in determining
overlap status resulted in overcounts (including a
tract whose operator was on the CML) or
undercounts (excluding a tract whose operator was
not on the CML). All tracts determined to not be on

A - 18 Appendix

the list were triple checked to eliminate, or at least


minimize, any error. NML tract operators were
mailed a report form printed in a different color. In
order to attempt to identify duplication, all
respondents who received multiple report forms
were instructed to complete the CML version and
return all forms so duplication could be removed.
Records in the 2012 JAS were matched to the 2012
census using probabilistic record linkage. The
records of operations with unresolved farm status
were reviewed by the field offices. If farm status
could not be resolved, the probability of an operation
being a farm was imputed using a missing data
model. The uncertainty associated with this estimate,
with the exception of model uncertainty, was
accounted for, but errors not found through this
process were not.

Model Uncertainty Error


Five logistic models were developed in the process
of adjusting the farm numbers for undercoverage,
nonresponse, and misclassification. One model
estimated the probability of an agricultural operation
with unresolved farm status being a farm. The
remaining four models estimated the probability of
coverage, response, and correct classification of
farms and of nonfarms. Each model was fit
independently by two people. For some models, both
statisticians obtained the same model. Although the
covariates in the two selected models differed from
some for the other logistic models, the estimated
probabilities were similar, but not identical. The
reported standard errors account for the variability in
the parameter estimates of the selected models, but
not for the additional variation due to model
uncertainty. They also do not account for any bias
associated with a model.

2012 Census of Agriculture


USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service