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MAC EXTRA 2007

Globetrotter Unit 12 Test


Name: ________________________________________________ Date: ___________________ Grade: ____________ / 100 points
Reading Strategy (25 points 5 each) (UFBA) Technology and ethics In the twentieth century, in particular, there have been many advances in technology. Scientists have sent people out into space and even to the moon. Television, cars, and computers have changed our lives profoundly. New medicines and medical treatments have offered hope and even life itself to severely ill people. We have come a long way because of technology. Yet the great possibilities of technology have created equally troubling problems involving ethics. More and more, these questions are being asked: Is everything that is technologically possible desirable from an ethical point of view? Should there be ethical limits to technological development? If so, how do we decide where to draw the ethical lines? And who should decide?
MARKSTEIN, Linda & HIRASAWA, Louise. Expanding reading skills. Advanced.2. ed. New York: Heinle & Heinle, 1990. p. 41.

Glossary desirable - desejvel / draw the ethical lines - determinar os limites ticos 1. A partir da leitura do texto, pode-se afirmar: a) As novas tecnologias trazem benefcios sociais, porm, quando mal aplicadas, podem ferir a tica; b) Existe, atualmente, um questionamento sobre a quantidade de produtos gerados pela tecnologia; c) O homem, utilizando-se de novas tecnologias, consegue adotar cuidados mdicos pioneiros no tratamento de doenas graves; d) O sculo XX caracterizou-se por constantes mudanas de comportamento entre as classes sociais. 2. So notcias que tm correlao de sentido com o contedo do texto: a) Divorce bar Dentist Max Forbes has refused to accept Debbie Johnson, 16, as a trainee receptionist in case her parents divorce disturbed her work. (From Daily Mail) b) Couple sent to jail for arguing too much The noisiest couple in Britain were jailed yesterday for arguing too loudly. (From Daily Mirror)

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c) Who Keeps Baby M? It is now technologically possible to produce children in new ways, e.g., test tube fertilization, artificial insemination either inside or outside the womb. ................................................................................................. ...... A surrogate mother fights for custody of a child and the case raises new ethical issues. (From Newsweek) d) Art Sentence Two Dutch nationals were imprisoned for five years for stealing three Van Gogh paintings worth more than 45 million and demanding a 1.35 million ransom for the works before they were all recovered undamaged. (From The Times) (UFMG) Pain Attraction Alternative doctors arent the only ones drawn to magnets anymore, reports Kathryn Belgiorno. As far as most devotees of conventional medicine are concerned, magnets have always seemed better suited to refrigerators than to pulled muscles. Yet ever since magnets started popping up in everything from mattresses to insoles, its become difficult to resist their pull and now theres scientific evidence to add weight to the claims that they can relieve pain. In a recent study, 20 patients recovering from liposuction used magnetic patches, which not only eased their discomfort but also aided the healing process. They reported less swelling after four days and less bruising after three than those who didnt use magnets. Studies involving polio victims and people with chronic foot pain had similar results. And pain may not be the only trouble magnets can treat. Research from the University of California at Los Angeles suggests they may help deliver chemotherapy drugs to tumor sites in some cancer patients. Glossary magnets - ims / pulled muscles - msculos distendidos / mattresses colches / insoles - palmilhas / swelling inchao / bruising - hematomas 3. According to the text, conventional medicine has always considered the medical use of magnets with: a) alarm b) anxiety c) interest d) suspicion 4. The only research result on magnetic patches NOT mentioned in the text is: a) easing side effects of chemotherapy; b) helping people who always feel pain; c) reducing swelling and bruises; d) decreasing patients discomfort.
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Harpers Bazaar, August 2000. p. 98.

MAC EXTRA 2007

5. In the text, the word three (line 10) refers to: a) bruises b) days c) magnets d) studies Word Study (25 points 5 each) Choose the best alternative. 1. It is believed that the Ebola virus ___________ developed in Africa. a) originally b) correctly c) principally d) typically 2. I heard a strange sound outside last night. ________ it was just the dog. a) Simply b) Correctly c) Originally d) Fortunately Choose the best alternative according to the information in the dictionary entries below. nature n natureza f; (kind) gnero m, (of person) ndole f party n festa f, reunio f; (group) grupo m; (pol) partido m, (jur) parte f. ~ line (telephone) linha coletiva participate vi participar (in em). ~ant n participante mf. ~ ation n participao f 3. Whats the best translation for The Conservative party has just elected a new leader. a) A festa agora no mais a mesma. Um novo lder acaba de ser eleito; b) A reunio acaba de decidir quem ser o prximo lder conservador; c) O partido conservador acaba de eleger um novo lder; d) Um novo lder conservador acaba de ser eleito aps esta festa. 4. What does the symbol ~ mean? a) conjunction b) pronunciation c) synonym d) the entry 5. A palavra party, neste verbete, um: a) substantivo b) verbo c) adjetivo d) advrbio

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Using Grammar (25 points 5 each) The story of printing Printing (1)_______ invented in China 1,200 years (2)________, but in Europe people wrote books by hand. Then, in 1436, a German named Gutenberg invented printing, and 39 years later, in 1475, William Caxton printed the first book in English. (3) ________ that, Caxton printed lots of books, including the first textbook for teaching English as a foreign language. Soon newspapers (4)________ produced all over Europe using Gutenbergs methods. Printing did not change much (5)_________ hundreds of years. Printing machines got faster and bigger and could produce newspapers more quickly. The typewriter was invented in 1867. The next big change came in 1960s, when computers were first used to produce newspapers. Now anyone who has a computer can produce a newspaper. And the future? Already satellite TV and the Internet have made printing look old-fashioned. Soon perhaps we will only have electronic books and newspapers, and printing will die out. Choose the best alternative to complete the text: 1. a) has been c) has 2. a) later c) before a) After c) Before 4. a) did c) were 5. a) since c) because b) for d) so b) have d) have been b) didnt d) was b) ago d) after b) Future d) Later

3.

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Think and Write (25 points) The magazine you read asked you to write telling them what you did to keep fit in the last three days. Complete the e-mail below about yourself. Hi! I just read the article on fighting fit and decided to email you what I do to keep fit. In the last three days Ive eaten _________ _____________, ___________ and ___________. I like sweets, so Ive also eaten __________, a lot of ________ and a bit of ____________. But Ive played sports too. Iveplayed __________. I _______ this sport. I like watching TV. My favorite TV program is _________ and its on at _________. I usually sleep _________ hours a day. All the best, Your name

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ANSWER KEY Reading Strategies 1. a O texto todo gira em torno da questo da tecnologia versus tica. A nica alternativa que expressa exatamente isso a primeira. 2. c A nica alternativa que retrata o problema do avano da tecnologia em relao a questes relativas tica a c, que fala de uma me de aluguel que est requerendo a custdia do filho gerado. 3. d De acordo com o texto, sempre se acreditou que os ims teriam melhor resultado na porta da geladeira do que nos msculos distendidos, o que mostra que a medicina convencional sempre teve dvidas quanto ao uso dos ims com propsitos medicinais. 4. a No final do texto, o trecho ... suggests they may help deliver chemotherapy drugs to tumor sites in some cancer patients. no diz que os ims reduzem os efeitos colaterais da quimioterapia, mas apenas levas as drogas aos locais dos tumores. 5. b O nmero trs no texto est se referindo ao nmero de dias com menos hematomas. Word Study 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. a d c d a d b a c b

Using Grammar

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