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arXiv:math/0609472v6 [math.

HO] 2 Apr 2012

English Russian Science Dictionary



E-mail address: Aleks_Kleyn@MailAPS.org
URL: http://sites.google.com/site/alekskleyn/
URL: http://arxiv.org/a/kleyn_a_1
URL: http://AleksKleyn.blogspot.com/

. English Russian and Russian English dictionaries presented in


this book are dedicated to help translate a text from one language to another.
I also included the bilingual name index into this book.
- - , , - .
.


1. Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3. English Russian Dictionary


3.1. A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2. B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3. C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4. D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5. E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6. F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.7. G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.8. H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.9. I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.10. J . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.11. K . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.12. L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.13. M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.14. N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.15. O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.16. P . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.17. Q . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.18. R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.19. S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.20. T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.21. U . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.22. V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.23. W . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.24. Z . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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13
13
15
15
18
19
20
21
21
22
23
23
23
24
25
26
27
28
28
29
31
32
33
34
34

4.
4.1. A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2. C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3. D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.4. R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.5. S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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35
35
35
35
35
35
35
36
36
38

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39
39
40
41
41
43
43
44
46
47
50
51
54
55
55
56
56
56
56
56

5. Name index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

57

6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

61

7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

65

8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

67

4.10.
4.11.
4.12.
4.13.
4.14.
4.15.
4.16.
4.17.
4.18.
4.19.
4.20.
4.21.
4.22.
4.23.
4.24.
4.25.
4.26.
4.27.
4.28.
4.29.

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Preface
According to legend, all people spoke one language. Then they decided to build
up the tower of Babel in order to climb up to the sky. To stop project, L-rd confused
their languages.
Much water has owed since then. A lot of dierent occupations appeared.
Occupation of interpreter is one of the most ancient and important. At the same
time this is art.1.1
Lively text contains phraseology, slang. It is hard to translate it one to one.
Translation of sonnets by Shakespeare from English into Russian is very striking
example. You can compare translations of sonnets by Shakespeare made by S. J.
Marshak and A. M. Finkel. They are dierent works of art although original is
common.
I use sonnet 90 for the purposes of illustration.
Then hate me when thou wilt; if ever, now;
Now, while the world is bent my deeds to cross,
Join with the spite of fortune, make me bow,
And do not drop in for an after-loss:
Ah! do not, when my heart hath scaped this sorrow,
Come in the rearward of a conquered woe;
Give not a windy night a rainy morrow,
To linger out a purposed overthrow.
If thou wilt leave me, do not leave me last,
When other petty griefs have done their spite,
But in the onset come: so shall I taste
At rst the very worst of fortunes might;
And other strains of woe, which now seem woe,
Compared with loss of thee, will not seem so.
Translation by S. J. Marshak.
,
, .
,
!
,
1.1It looks as in spite of this human is not ready to build up new tower of Babel. I believe

people should learn to understand each other, no matter what views they may have. Mankind
must become mature to get this goal.
5

1. Preface

.

.
, ,
.
, ,
,
,
.
Translation by A. M. Finkel.
, , ! ,
, .
, ,
.
, ,
.

, -
! ,
.
,
.

.
No doubt, to appreciate the dierence of these translations at its true value,
we need to know well both languages. However I add few notes.
Although both translations describe similar situation in the life, there is one
strong dierence. Translation by Finkel is foreboding of disaster which is possibly
unavoidable. Translation by Marshak is epicenter. Although translations are dierent,
each of them leaves indelible track. Each of translations reects individual perception
of interpreter, his emotional experience. The strength of translations is that Marshak
and Finkel are co-authors of Shakespeare.
There exists opinion that it is much easier to translate technical text. Unambiguity
of translation of term is one of the reasons. Another reason is existence of set of
phrases; using of such phrases make easier realization of the text.
However I do not agree with this point of view. It is not enough to write
good theorems for writing of the paper. We expect that somebody reads the paper.
And good style is important here. This is more important when we translate a
paper from one language to other. Sometimes it is not easy task to put text into
frame prepared in advance. Moreover, any text has emotional color which expresses
authors relationship. In this case we need somebodys help.

1. Preface

Writing papers I frequently use outside assistance during translation. Today we


can nd such help because of development of software and internet. For instance,
you can nd a lot of forums on web page
http://forum.lingvo.ru/actualforum.aspx
and somebody in these forums can help you to translate text. I frequently use help
of the forum "English-Russian-English translation"
http://forum.lingvo.ru/actualtopics.aspx?bid=18
and I am very grateful to everybody who helps me to translate my papers.
Usually I am looking for help in the forum either I meet unusual grammatical
form, or expression which I cannot translate unambiguously. Very often when I
translate I feel that I need to change original sentence in order to make it more
sucient to my ideas in both languages.
When I feel that I need additional assistance, I visit Google, book search,
http://books.google.com/bkshp?tab=wp
where I can nd appropriate terminology or sample how to write proper sentence.
In Russian literature there is good custom to mention name of interpreter.
Because I turn for help to forum, it is hard for me to follow this custom. Therefore
I decided to tell about people who help me in the book dedicated to process of
translation.
Initially I started this vocabulary as immediate helper to write papers. I wrote
vocabulary slowly. I put into vocabulary terms and denitions which was important
for me and I met in books published on both languages. When vocabulary became
large enough I decided to make it available for others. I also took into account the
wishes expressed in response to previous versions of vocabulary. This vocabulary
involves only physical and mathematical terminology. Word may have an alternative
translation or dierent meaning in common speech. However I did not include this
information into vocabulary
I also included the bilingual name index into this book. I added into this list
only names which I met in both Russian and English texts. However there is one
more problem which I meet when I translate papers. Sometimes the relationship
between the writing and and the pronunciation is not clear. It would be good idea
to add transcription, however I did not make it because I did not have reliable
source.

, . , .
, - .
. . . .2.1
, . , . -
. , . .
. . . , .
90.
Then hate me when thou wilt; if ever, now;
Now, while the world is bent my deeds to cross,
Join with the spite of fortune, make me bow,
And do not drop in for an after-loss:
Ah! do not, when my heart hath scaped this sorrow,
Come in the rearward of a conquered woe;
Give not a windy night a rainy morrow,
To linger out a purposed overthrow.
If thou wilt leave me, do not leave me last,
When other petty griefs have done their spite,
But in the onset come: so shall I taste
At rst the very worst of fortunes might;
And other strains of woe, which now seem woe,
Compared with loss of thee, will not seem so.
. . .
,
, .
,
!
,
.
2.1 , , . -

, ,
. .
9

10

2.


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, -
! ,
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, . .. -
, . - . ,
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, . - .
- ,
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, , . .
. ,
. . ,
, .
.

2.

11

, . , ,
, . ,
http://forum.lingvo.ru/actualforum.aspx
,
. "--
"
http://forum.lingvo.ru/actualtopics.aspx?bid=18
,
.
, , .

, .
, , ,
google, book search,
http://books.google.com/bkshp?tab=wp

.
. ,
. ,
, .

. . , ,
. .
. , .
.
, .
.
, , . ,
. . ,
, .

English Russian Dictionary


3.1. A
A-valued function: A-
Abelian group:
absolute value: ;
Example 3.1.1.
Absolute value on skew eld D is a mapping
d D |d| R
which satises the following axioms
|a| 0
|a| = 0 if, and only if, a = 0
|ab| = |a| |b|
|a + b| |a| + |b|
D -
d D |d| R
,
|a| 0
|a| = 0 a = 0
|ab| = |a| |b|
|a + b| |a| + |b|

absorption of photon:
acceleration:
accelerator:
according to theorem 2.1: 2.1
Example 3.1.2.
According to theorem 2.1, triangles ABC and DBC equal.
2.1 ABC DBC .

acute angle:
additive group:
adjacent angle:
adjoin:
Example 3.1.3.
We adjoin to (2.7) all the equations obtained by equating
to 0 those commutators which are not expressible in the form
(2,10).
13

14

3. English Russian Dictionary

see [English.9], p. 7
(2.7) , 0 , (2.10).
. [Russian.9], . 13, 14

adjoint group:
algebra bundle:
algebraic:
algebraic complement of matrix:
algebraic extension:
amplitude:
analytic in x (x is variable): x (x - )
Example 3.1.4.
The following treatment applies to a domain in which ia are
analytic in the s and xs,
see [English.9], p. 1
, ia x.
. [Russian.9], . 7

angle:
angle of incidence:
angle of reection:
angle of refraction:
angular momentum:
anholonomic coordinates:
anholonomity:
anholonomity object:
annihilation operator:
annihilator:
apocentre:
approximation:
arccosecant:
arccosine:
arccotangent:
arcsecant:
arcsine:
arctangent:
arity:
as small as we please:
associative:
associative law:
associativity:

3.3. C

15

at rst glance:
at rst sight:
at least:
Example 3.1.5.
At least in the neighborhood of the identity.
, .

attractor:
auto parallel line:
axiom of choice:
3.2. B
Banach algebra:
Banach space:
base of bered correspondence:
base of topology:
basis for vector space: ;
basis of vector space: ;
behavior:
Bells theorem:
bijection:
bimodule:
binary:
Bott periodicity:
boundary:
boundary conditions:
By Theorem 2,1: 2.1
Example 3.2.1.
By Theorem 2.1, a = b.
2.1, a = b.

3.3. C
canonical map:
Example 3.3.1.
The map f of G onto G/H constructed above is called canonical
map, and G/H is called the factor group of G by H.
see [English.2], p. 14
f G G/H, , , G/H
G H.
. [Russian.2], . 28

Cartesian coordinate system:

16

3. English Russian Dictionary

Cartesian power:
Cartesian product:
category:
Cauchy sequence:
causal relationship: -
causal scalar eld:
causal vector eld:
chain rule:
change of coordinates:
change of variable:
chaos:
chart over U : U
closure of the set:
closure operator:
closure system:
cluster point:
coarsest topology:
cofactor of matrix:
colloquia:
colloquium:
column vector:
combinatorics:
commutative diagram:
commutativity:
commutator:
commute:
Example 3.3.2.
Because P commutes with H, the proper states of H can be
labeled by proper values of P .
see [English.10], p. 106
P H, H
P .

compact-open topology: -
comparable topology:
complete division ring:
complete eld:
complete lattice:
complete space:
complete system:
completely integrable:
complex eld:
componentwise:
conditions of integrability:
conformal transformation:
congruence: ;
conjugate quaternion:
connected group:

3.3. C

17

connection coecients:
conservation law:
consider:
Example 3.3.3.
Consider correspondence from set A to set B.
A B.

continuous in neighborhood:
continuous in x: x
contradiction:
Example 3.3.4.
The contradiction completes the proof of the theorem.
.

contravariant:
convection:
convention:
Example 3.3.5.
We use the convention that we present any set of vectors of
the vector space as a row.
, .

converge:
Example 3.3.6.
Filter F converges to x.
F x.

conversely:
convex function:
coordinate chart:
correlation:
correspondence from A to B: A B
cosecant:
cosine:
cotangent:
countable set:
counter:
covariant:
cover:
covering space:
Example 3.3.7.
Consider the covering space R S 1 of the circle S 1 dened
by p(t) = (sin t, cos t) for any t R.
R S 1 S 1 , p(t) = (sin t, cos t) t R.

Cramers Rule:

D-vector space: D-

18

3. English Russian Dictionary

creation operator:
crystal lattice:
curve:
curvilinear coordinates:
cycle:
cyclic group:
3.4. D
D -vector space: D -
decomposition of map:
dene:
Example 3.4.1.
This equation denes the inverse transformation.
.

degree of map:
denominator:
Example 3.4.2.
Let us reduce items to a common denominator.
.

dependence:
derivative of second or greater order with respect:
develop equation:
diagram of correspondences:
dierence:
dierence module:
dierentiability:
dierentiable function:
dierentiable in the Fr
echet sense:
dierentiable in the G
ateaux sense:
dierentiate the function with respect to x: x
diraction:
diusion:
discrete space:
discrete topology:
distributive law:
distributive property of multiplication over addition:

division ring: ( )
domain:
Doppler shift:
downstairs:
Example 3.4.3.
We sum over any index which appears twice in the same
term, once upstairs and once downstairs.

3.5. E

19

, , , - . 
D -linearly dependent: D -
D -linearly independent: D -
D -vector function: D --
D -vector space: D -
D-linearly dependent: D-
D-linearly independent: D-
dual module:
dual space:
dynamics:
3.5. E
eccentricity:
eclipse:
elementary particle:
emission of photon:
endomorphism:
energy:
engine:
enhanced:
entropy:
envelope of a family of plane curves:

enveloping algebra:
equation is satised identically:
equivalence class:
equivalence relation:
Erlanger Program:
essential parameters in a set of functions:

Euclidean metric:
Euclidean space:
evaluating by equating x to the a: a x
event horizon:
event space:
evidence:
evidently:
Example 3.5.1.
The only solution is evidently f = 0.
see [English.9], p. 7
, , f = 0.
. [Russian.9], . 14


20

3. English Russian Dictionary

exact sequence of modules:


extension eld:
extension of correspondence:
exterior dierential:
exterior product:
external algebra:
external power:
extremal:
extreme:
extreme line:
3.6. F
factor: ; ;
Example 3.6.1.
To factor a polynomial means to nd two or more polynomials
whose product is the given polynomial.
,
, .

factor group:
factorization:
ber:
bered correspondence:
bered map:
bered product:
eld-strength tensor:
lter:
lter base:
nest topology:
nite dimensional:
nite set:
Finsler metric:
Finslerian metric:
force:
Example 3.6.2.
In 1935, Hideki Yukawa proposed a quite dierent eld theory
of the nuclear force.
see [English.1], p. 29, 30
1935 .
. [Russian.1], . 39

the Fr
echet derivative:
the Fr
echet dierential:
free representation:

3.8. H

21

frequency:
friction: ;
function f of x: f x
functional:
functor:
fundamental sequence:
3.7. G
G-principal bundle: G-
galaxy:
the G
ateaux derivative:
the G
ateaux dierential:
gauge invariance:
general relativity:
generally speaking:
generated:
Example 3.7.1.
Algebra A generated by the set S is a K-algebra
A, S, K-. 
generator:
geometry:
Global Positioning System:
gluing functions:
Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization procedure:
graph:
graph theory:
gravity probe:
group bundle:
3.8. H
Hadamard inverse:
has relevance to:
head of vector:
helical structure:
helicity:
hermitian form:
highest common factor of p and q: p q
holonomic coordinates:
homeomorphic:
homeomorphism:
homogeneous:
homogeneous Lorentz group:
homology:
homomorphism:
homotopic:
homotopy:

22

3. English Russian Dictionary

hyperne splitting:
hyperplane:
3.9. I
identical particles:
identication:
identication morphism:
identity:
i: ,
Example 3.9.1.
a = 0 i aji = 0 for any i, j.
a = 0 , aji = 0 i, j.

image under map:


Example 3.9.2.
We dene the image of the set A under correspondence
according to law
A = {b : (a, b) , a A}
A

A = {b : (a, b) , a A}

in a similar way:
Example 3.9.3.
In a similar way, we can introduce a coordinate reference
frame.

.

in general:
Example 3.9.4.
However in general this product is not D -linear map.
, , D -.

indicatrix:
inequation:
innitesimal: ;
inhomogeneous:
inhomogeneous Lorentz group:
injection:
insulator: ;
interaction:

3.12. L

23

Example 3.9.5.
The observed range of the strong interactions whitin nuclei
led Yukawa to estimate that ~/c is of the order of 200 electron
masses.
see [English.1], p. 30
, , ~/(c) 200 .
. [Russian.1], . 39

interaction picture:
interference:
inverse transformation:
irreducible representation:
is related to:
isotropic vector:
it is evident that: ,
Example 3.9.6.
From (2.2) it is evident that any solution of (2.7) satises
(2.9).
(2.2) , (2.7)
(2.9).

3.10. J
Jacobian:
Jacobian matrix:
3.11. K
kernel: ()
Kerr metric:
kinematics:
Klein bottle:
knot:
3.12. L
Lagrangian:
lattice: ( )
left side of equation:
left-distributive:
LH
ospitals rule:
lift of correspondence: ;
lift of morphism: ;
lift of vector eld: ;
limit:
limit of correspondence with respect to the lter:

24

3. English Russian Dictionary

limit of sequence:
limit point:
limit set:
linearly dependent:
linearly independent:
little group:
locally compact space:
loop (quasigroup with unit element): ( )
Example 3.12.1.
An algebra Q =< Q, . ./, > equiped with binary operation of
multiplication (. ) and right division (/) and with a constant Q
is called a right loop if < Q, . , / > is a right quasigroup such that
additional identity . x = x is satised.
see [English.3], p. 24
, , .
. [Russian.3], . 39

Lorentz transformation:
lower index:
3.13. M
the Mach principle:
manifolds with ane connections:
mapping:
mass:
massive particle:
massless particle:
mathematical:
mathematician:
mathematics:
mean value theorem:
measure:
measurement:
metric-ane manifold: -
Milky Way:
mixed system:
Moebius band:
momentum:
monic polynomial: ;
monomial:
monotone function:
monotonic function:
multiple root:
multiplication:
multiplication table:
multiplicative group:

3.14. N

25

multiplicity of x in f : x f
Example 3.13.1.
If the multiplicity of a is greater then 1, a is called a multiple
root.
a , 1, a .

multiply by 2: 2
multiply by b: b
muon:
mutually orthogonal: ; ;
Example 3.13.2.
Let i be in Jp ; since ei Tp and T is the direct sum of the
mutually orthogonal subspaces T0 , T1 , ..., Ts , the hyperplane of T
orthogonal to ei is of the form Li + Tp , where Li is the hyperplane
of Tp orthogonal to ei .
see [English.7], p. 89
i Jp . ei Tp T - T0 , T1 , ..., Ts , T ,
ei , Li + Tp , Li - Tp ,
ei .
. [Russian.7], . 106

mutually perpendicular: ;
Example 3.13.3.
We shall take two mutually perpendicular axes X X and Y Y
on a plane, with their point of intersection O as origin on each.
see [English.5], p. 14
X X
Y Y
O.

. [Russian.5], . 21

3.14. N
name index:
natural mapping:
natural morphism:
necessary and sucient:
Example 3.14.1.

26

3. English Russian Dictionary

In order that a system of equations (1) admit solution necessary


and sucient that there exist a positive integer N such that
equations F1 , ..., FN are compatible.
, (1) , , N ,
F1 , ..., FN .

neighborhood:
neutrino:
neutron:
neutron star:
non-Abelian group:
nondegenerate form:
nontrivial:
norm:
Example 3.14.2.
Norm on D -vector space V over non-discrete valued skew
eld D is a mapping
v V p(v) R
which satises the following axioms
p(v) 0
p(v) = 0 if, and only if, v = 0
p(v + w) p(v) + p(w)
p(av) = |a|p(v) for all a D and all v V
D - V D -
v V p(v) R
,
p(v) 0
p(v) = 0 v = 0
p(v + w) p(v) + p(w)
p(av) = |a|p(v) a D v V

normed space:
nucleus: ()
numerator:
3.15. O
obtain by dierentiating:
obtuse angle:
Occams razor:
operate:
Example 3.15.1.
Operating on equation (1) with operator V yields an integral
equation.

3.16. P

27

(1) V , .

opposite preordering:
ordered set:
ordering:
orthonormal basis:
3.16. P
parallel transport:
parallelepiped:
parity:
partial dierential equation:
partial ordering:
partition of unity: ;
Paschs axiom:
passage to the limit:
pericentre:
perturbation:
pfaan derivative:
phenomena:
phenomenon:
photon:
physical:
physicist:
physics:
point: ;
polology:
polyadditive map:
polylinear form:
polynomial: ;
polyvector:
poolback bundle: ;
positive denite form:
positive integer:
power of set:
precession:
preordering:
prime ideal:
principal bundle:
probability:
problem:
proceeding in this way: ;
projection:
projective plane:
proof by induction:
propagation:
proper state:

28

3. English Russian Dictionary

proper value:
pseudo-Euclidean space:
pulsar:
3.17. Q
quantum entanglement:
quark:
quasar:
quasigroup:
Example 3.17.1.
An algebra Q =< Q, . , / > equipped with binary operations
of multiplications (. ) and right division (/) which satisfy the
identities
(x/y). y = x (x. y)/y = x
is called a right quasigroupp.
see [English.3], p. 23
, a, b
ax = b, ya = b
.
. [Russian.3], . 39

quaternion:
quotient bundle:
quotient group:
quotient ring:
quotient set:
quotient topology:
3.18. R
radiation belt:
range: ;
rational eld:

D-linearly dependent: D-

D-linearly independent: D-

D-vector space: D-
real function:
real valued function:
reciprocal image:
reduced Cartesian product of bundles:
reduced bered correspondence:
reduction of similar terms:
reference frame:
reexive:

3.19. S

29

regression:
relation:
relevance: ; ;
Example 3.18.1.
Distinction between Lorentz and Poincar
e groups is of no
relevance here.

.

remainder:
repeated root:
represent:
residue:
resistance:
resistivity:
resonance:
restriction of correspondence to set C:
C
retract:
retraction:
right angle:
right side of equation:
right-distributive:
ring of characteristic p: p
ring of integers:
rotation group:
row vector:
3.19. S
scale:
scattering:
scattering amplitude:
scattering from crystal:
scattering theory:
secant:
section:
segment:
seismology:
semiconductor:
semigroup:
series: ( )
set of functions:
set of power of continuum:
sieve of Eratosthenes:
similar triangles:
simple polyvector:
simple ring:
simple root:

30

3. English Russian Dictionary

simplex:
simply connected:
sine:
single transitive representation:
skew eld: ( )
skew product of vectors:
skew-symmetric form:
skew-symmetric tensor:
solar eclipse:
solution of dierential equation:
solve for the c: c
Example 3.19.1.
Equation may be solved for the c.
c.

spacelike vector:
special relativity:
sphere:
spherical triangle:
splittable algebra:
D-linearly dependent: D-
D-linearly independent: D-
star-shaped domain:
Example 3.19.2.
This result, known as the Poincar
e lemma, will hold for
star-shaped domains M Rm , where "star-shaped" means that
whenever x M , so is the entire line segment joining x to the
origin: {x : 0 1} M .
see [English.4], p. 59
, ,
M Rm . "" ,
x M , x
: {x : 0 1} M .
. [Russian.4], . 94

stationary state:
strictly monotone function:
strictly monotonic function:
strongly monotone function:
strongly monotonic function:
structural constants:
structure constants:
Example 3.19.3.
Suppose g is any nite-dimensional Lie algebra, so by Theorem
1.54 g is the Lie algebra of some Lie group G. If we introduce

3.20. T

31

a basis {v1 , ..., vr } of g, then the Lie bracket of any two basis
vectors must again be in g. Thus there are certain constants ckij ,
i, j, k = 1, ..., r, called the structure constants of g such that
r
X
[vi , vj ] =
ckij vk i, j = 1, ..., r
k=1

see [English.4], p. 50
g - ,
1.54 g - G.
g {v1 , ..., vr }, g. ,
ckij , i, j, k = 1, ..., r, g, ,
r
X
[vi , vj ] =
ckij vk i, j = 1, ..., r
k=1

. [Russian.4], . 82

subordinate:
Example 3.19.4.
For each open cover Ua of X there is a partition of unity {b }
subordinate to the cover.
Ua X
{b }, .

subtrahend:
summation convention:
summer solstice:
surjection:
symmetric:
symmetry:
synchronization procedure:
synchrotron:
system of total dierential equations:
3.20. T
tail of vector:
tangent:
Taylor series:
tensor of order 2: 2
tensor product:
there exist:

FN

Example 3.20.1.
There exists a positive integer N such that equations F1 , ...,
are compatible.

32

3. English Russian Dictionary

N ,
F1 , ..., FN .

tidal acceleration:
timelike vector:
to be coarser than:
Example 3.20.2.
Filter F is coarser than lter B.
F B.

Example 3.20.3.
Topology T1 is coarser than topology T2 .
T1 T2 .

to be ner than:
Example 3.20.4.
Filter F is ner than lter B.
F B.

Example 3.20.5.
Topology T1 is ner than topology T2 .
T1 T2 .

topological space:
topology:
torsion:
torus:
total dierential:
total ordering:
total space:
trajectory:
transition function:
transitive:
triangle:
trigonometrical:
trigonometry:
trivial:
Tunguska Cosmic Body:
tuple:
turbulence:
twin representation:
two-sided ideal:
3.21. U
uniform continuity:
uniform space:
uniformly continuous function:
unit sphere:
unless otherwise stated:

3.22. V

33

Example 3.21.1.
Simply-connected commutative Lie groups are called vector
(Lie) groups; unless stated otherwise, they are always given the
R-vector space structure dened above.
see [English.8], p. 282
(); ,
R- .
. [Russian.8], . 7

Example 3.21.2.
In this section, E denotes a locally convex space and E its
dual. Whenever we talk of the polar M of a set M in E (resp.
E ), we shall always mean, unless otherwise stated, the polar of
M relative to the duality between E and E .
see [English.6], p. 147
, E , E ,
, M (. M ) M E (. M
E ), , , M (. M ) E (. E),
E E .
. [Russian.6], . 212

up to notation:
Example 3.21.3.
I can repeat, up to notation, proof of theorem 2.1.
2.1.

upper index:
upstairs:
Example 3.21.4.
We sum over any index which appears twice in the same
term, once upstairs and once downstairs.
, , , - . 
3.22. V
valued division ring:
valued eld:
valued skew eld:
variable:

34

3. English Russian Dictionary

vector bundle:
vector function: -
vector space:
verify directly:
Example 3.22.1.
We verify directly that A is linear map.
, A - .

Example 3.22.2.
We verify the statement of the theorem directly.
.

vertex:
vertical:
vertices:
viscosity:
3.23. W
wave:
winter solstice:
without loss of generality: ;
3.24. Z
Zermelo proposition:
zero divisor:


4.1. A
A- : A-valued function
4.2. C

D-

D-vector

space

4.3. D

D - : D -vector space
D - : D -vector space
D --: D -vector function
D - : D -linearly dependent
D - : D -linearly independent
D- : D-linearly dependent
D- : D-linearly independent
4.4. R
D- : D-vector space

D- : D-linearly dependent

D-
:

D-linearly independent

4.5. S
D- : D-linearly dependent
D- : D-linearly independent
4.6.
: Abelian group
: absolute value
: auto parallel line
: additive group
: axiom of choice
: Paschs axiom
: algebraic
: algebraic complement of matrix;
cofactor of matrix
: algebraic extension
: amplitude
: scattering amplitude
35

36

4.

x (x - ): analytic in x (x is variable)
4.6.1.
, ia x.
. [Russian.9], . 7
The following treatment applies to a domain in which ia are analytic
in the s and xs,
see [English.9], p. 1

: annihilator
: apocentre
: arccosecant
: arccosine
: arccotangent
: arcsecant
: arcsine
: arctangent
: arity
: associativity
: associative
: attractor
- : metric-ane manifold
4.7.
: base of bered correspondence
: basis for vector space; basis of vector
space
: basis for vector space; basis of vector
space
: base of topology
: lter base
: Banach algebra
: Banach space
: massless particle
: innitesimal
: innitesimal
: bijection
: bimodule
: binary
: Occams razor
: Klein bottle
4.8.
: relevance

4.8.

37

4.8.1.

.
Distinction between Lorentz and Poincare groups is of no relevance
here.

: upstairs
4.8.2.
, , ,
- .
We sum over any index which appears twice in the same term, once
upstairs and once downstairs.

: column vector
: row vector
: vector space
: vector bundle
-: vector function
: probability
: vertical
: upper index
: vertex
: vertices
: mutually orthogonal
: mutually perpendicular
4.8.3.

X X Y Y
O.
. [Russian.5], . 21
We shall take two mutually perpendicular axes X X and Y Y on a
plane, with their point of intersection O as origin on each.
see [English.5], p. 14

: interaction
4.8.4.
, , ~/(c) 200
.
. [Russian.1], . 39
The observed range of the strong interactions whitin nuclei led Yukawa
to estimate that ~/c is of the order of 200 electron masses.
see [English.1], p. 30


38

4.

: exterior product
: exterior dierential
: external algebra
: external power
: downstairs
4.8.5.
, , ,
- .
We sum over any index which appears twice in the same term, once
upstairs and once downstairs.

: perturbation
: wave
: generally speaking; in general
4.8.6.
, ,
D -.
However in general this product is not D -linear map.

: completely integrable
: timelike vector
: develop equation
: convex function
: residue
: subtrahend
: viscosity
4.9.
: galaxy
: geometry
: hyperplane
G-: G-principal bundle
: principal bundle
: Global Positioning System
: holonomic coordinates
: homeomorphism
: homeomorphic
: homology
: homomorphism
: homotopy
: homotopic
: event horizon
: gravity probe
: boundary
: boundary conditions
: graph
: rotation group

4.11.

39

4.10.
: engine
: two-sided ideal
: operate
4.10.1.
(1) V ,
.
Operating on equation (1) with operator V yields an integral equation.

: Cartesian coordinate system
: Cartesian power
: Cartesian product
: zero divisor
: diagram of correspondences
: dynamics
: discrete topology
: discrete space
: left-distributive
: right-distributive
: distributive
property of multiplication over addition
: diraction
: the Gateaux dierential
: the Frechet dierential
x: dierentiate the function with respect
to x
: dierentiable function
: dierentiability
: dierentiable in the Gateaux sense
: dierentiable in the Frechet sense
: diusion
: insulator
: proof by induction
: dual space
: dual module
4.11.
: unit sphere
: identity
: unless otherwise stated
4.11.1.
(); , R- .
. [Russian.8], . 7

40

4.

Simply-connected commutative Lie groups are called vector (Lie) groups;


unless stated otherwise, they are always given the R-vector space structure
dened above.
see [English.8], p. 282

4.11.2.
, E , E
, , M (. M )
M E (. M E ), , , M (. M ) E
(. E), E E .
. [Russian.6], . 212
In this section, E denotes a locally convex space and E its dual.
Whenever we talk of the polar M of a set M in E (resp. E ), we shall
always mean, unless otherwise stated, the polar of M relative to the duality
between E and E .
see [English.6], p. 147

: natural mapping
: natural morphism
4.12.
: dependence
: problem
: associative law
: distributive law
: conservation law
: change of coordinates
: change of variable
: closure of the set
: eclipse
: solar eclipse
: star-shaped domain
4.12.1.
, , M Rm . "" , x M ,
x : {x : 0 1} M .
. [Russian.4], . 94
This result, known as the Poincare lemma, will hold for star-shaped
domains M Rm , where "star-shaped" means that whenever x M , so
is the entire line segment joining x to the origin: {x : 0 1} M .

4.14.

41

see [English.4], p. 59

: winter solstice
: denominator
4.12.2.
.
Let us reduce items to a common denominator.

: relevance
4.13.
: emission of photon
: measurement
: measure
: insulator
: isotropic vector
: has relevance to; is related to
: name index
: momentum
: indicatrix
: interference
: injection
4.14.
: gauge invariance
: canonical map
4.14.1.
f G G/H, , , G/H G H.
. [Russian.2], . 28
The map f of G onto G/H constructed above is called canonical map,
and G/H is called the factor group of G by H.
see [English.2], p. 14

: category
: quasar
: quasigroup
4.14.2.
, a, b

ax = b, ya = b
.

42

4.

. [Russian.3], . 39
An algebra Q =< Q, , / > equipped with binary operations of multiplications
(. ) and right division (/) which satisfy the identities
.

(x/y). y = x

(x. y)/y = x

is called a right quasigroupp.


see [English.3], p. 23

: quantum entanglement
: quark
: quaternion
: kinematics
: equivalence class
: covariant
: colloquium
: colloquia
p: ring of characteristic p
: ring of integers
: combinatorics
: commutative diagram
: commutativity
: commutator
: commute
4.14.3.
P H, H
P .
Because P commutes with H, the proper states of H can be labeled
by proper values of P .
see [English.10], p. 106

- : compact-open topology
: convection
: congruence
: head of vector
: nite set
: nite dimensional
: contravariant
: conformal transformation
: coordinate chart
: correlation
: tuple
: cosecant
: cosine
: skew product of vectors
: skew-symmetric form

4.16.

43

: skew-symmetric tensor
: cotangent
: connection coecients
x f : multiplicity of x in f
4.14.4.
a , 1, a
.
If the multiplicity of a is greater then 1, a is called a multiple root. 
: multiple root; repeated root
: curve
: curvilinear coordinates
: crystal lattice
: torsion
4.15.
: Lagrangian
: left side of equation
: summer solstice
: total ordering
: linearly dependent
: linearly independent
: Moebius band
: lift of vector eld
: lift of morphism
: lift of correspondence
: locally compact space
( ): loop (quasigroup with unit element)
4.15.1.
, , .
. [Russian.3], . 39
An algebra Q =< Q, . ./, > equiped with binary operation of multiplication
(. ) and right division (/) and with a constant Q is called a right loop
if < Q, . , / > is a right quasigroup such that additional identity . x = x
is satised.
see [English.3], p. 24

4.16.
: to be ner than
4.16.1.
F B.
Filter F is ner than lter B.

4.16.2.
T1 T2 .
Topology T1 is ner than topology T2 .

44

4.

: little group
: mass
: massive particle
: scale
: mathematician
: mathematics
: mathematical
: Jacobian matrix
: Kerr metric
: to be coarser than
4.16.3.
F B.
Filter F is coarser than lter B.

4.16.4.
T1 T2 .
Topology T1 is coarser than topology T2 .

: Milky Way
: polynomial
: range
: set of power of continuum
: factor
: angular momentum
: monotone function; monotonic function
: identication morphism
: bered map
: power of set
: multiplicative group
: muon
4.17.
: at rst glance; at rst sight
p q: highest common factor of p and
q
: covering space
4.17.1.
R S 1 S 1 , p(t) = (sin t, cos t) t R.
Consider the covering space R S 1 of the circle S 1 dened by p(t) =
(sin t, cos t) for any t R.

: positive integer
: tail of vector
: without loss of generality
: without loss of generality
: non-Abelian group
: nondegenerate form
: anholonomity

4.17.

45

: anholonomic coordinates
: neutrino
: neutron
: neutron star
: necessary and sucient
4.17.2.
, (1) , ,
N , F1 , ..., FN .
In order that a system of equations (1) admit solution necessary and
sucient that there exist a positive integer N such that equations F1 , ...,
FN are compatible.

: inhomogeneous Lorentz group
: inhomogeneous
: verify directly
4.17.3.
, A -
.
We verify directly that A is linear map.

4.17.4.
.
We verify the statement of the theorem directly.

: continuous in neighborhood
x: continuous in x
: irreducible representation
: inequation
: nontrivial
: lower index
: absolute value; norm
4.17.5.
D - V D -
v V p(v) R
,
p(v) 0
p(v) = 0 v = 0
p(v + w) p(v) + p(w)
p(av) = |a|p(v) a D v V
Norm on D -vector space V over non-discrete valued skew eld D is
a mapping
v V p(v) R
which satises the following axioms
p(v) 0
p(v) = 0 if, and only if, v = 0

46

4.

p(v + w) p(v) + p(w)


p(av) = |a|p(v) for all a D and all v V

4.17.6.
D -
d D |d| R
,
|a| 0
|a| = 0 a = 0
|ab| = |a| |b|
|a + b| |a| + |b|
Absolute value on skew eld D is a mapping
d D |d| R
which satises the following axioms
|a| 0
|a| = 0 if, and only if, a = 0
|ab| = |a| |b|
|a + b| |a| + |b|

: valued eld
: normed space
: valued division ring; valued skew eld
4.18.
: enveloping algebra
: range
: domain
: image under map
4.18.1.
A

A = {b : (a, b) , a A}
We dene the image of the set A under correspondence according
to law
A = {b : (a, b) , a A}

: generator
: conversely
: inverse transformation
: reciprocal image
: poolback bundle
: Hadamard inverse
: general relativity

4.19.

47

: anholonomity object
: envelope of a family of plane
curves
: homogeneous Lorentz group
: homogeneous
: simply connected
: single transitive representation
: monomial
: neighborhood
: closure operator
: creation operator
: annihilation operator
: dene
4.18.2.
.
This equation denes the inverse transformation.

: mutually orthogonal
: orthonormal basis
: remainder
: acute angle
: relation
: mapping
: identication
: segment
: evidently
4.18.3.
, , f = 0.
. [Russian.9], . 14
The only solution is evidently f = 0.
see [English.9], p. 7

, : it is evident that
4.18.4.
(2.2) , (2.7) (2.9).
From (2.2) it is evident that any solution of (2.7) satises (2.9). 
: evidence
4.19.
: parallelepiped
: parallel transport
: twin representation
: variable
: Bott periodicity

48

4.

: pericentre
: mutually perpendicular
: at least
4.19.1.
, .
At least in the neighborhood of the identity.

: behavior
: absorption of photon
: similar triangles
: in a similar way
4.19.2.

.
In a similar way, we can introduce a coordinate reference frame. 
a x: evaluating by equating x to the a
: subordinate
4.19.3.
Ua X {b }, .
For each open cover Ua of X there is a partition of unity {b } subordinate
to the cover.

: lift of vector eld
: lift of morphism
: lift of correspondence
: componentwise
: cover
: complex eld
: rational eld
: polyadditive map
: polyvector
: polylinear form
: polynomial
: complete system
: complete lattice
: complete eld
: complete space
: complete division ring
: total dierential
: positive denite form
: polology
: semigroup
: semiconductor
: obtain by dierentiating
: mutually orthogonal
4.19.4.

4.19.

49

i Jp . ei Tp T -
T0 , T1 , ..., Ts , T , ei , Li + Tp , Li - Tp , ei .
. [Russian.7], . 106
Let i be in Jp ; since ei Tp and T is the direct sum of the mutually
orthogonal subspaces T0 , T1 , ..., Ts , the hyperplane of T orthogonal to ei
is of the form Li + Tp , where Li is the hyperplane of Tp orthogonal to ei .
see [English.7], p. 89

: generated
4.19.5.
A, S, K-.
Algebra A generated by the set S is a K-algebra

: Cauchy sequence
: right side of equation
: chain rule
: Cramers Rule
: LHospitals rule
: summation convention
: limit
: limit of sequence
: limit of correspondence with respect
to the lter
: limit point
: limit set
: passage to the limit
: interaction picture
: represent
: preordering
: Lorentz transformation
: precession
: approximation
: reduction of similar terms
: reduced Cartesian
product of bundles
: reduced bered correspondence
: monic polynomial
: tidal acceleration
: the Mach principle
: adjoint group
: adjoin
4.19.6.

50

4.

(2.7) , 0 ,
(2.10).
. [Russian.9], . 13, 14
We adjoin to (2.7) all the equations obtained by equating to 0 those
commutators which are not expressible in the form (2,10).
see [English.9], p. 7

: causal vector eld
: causal scalar eld
- : causal relationship
: proceeding in this way
: extension of correspondence
: proceeding in this way
: projective plane
: projection
: derivative
of second or greater order with respect
: the Gateaux derivative
: the Frechet derivative
: poolback bundle
: simple ring
: prime ideal
: simple root
: simple polyvector
: spacelike vector
: manifolds with ane connections
: event space
: opposite preordering
: contradiction
4.19.7.
.
The contradiction completes the proof of the theorem.

: synchronization procedure
: Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization
procedure
: right angle
: pseudo-Euclidean space
: pulsar
: pfaan derivative
4.20.
: uniform continuity
: uniformly continuous function
: uniform space

4.21.

51

: radiation belt
: partition of unity
: partition of unity
: factorization
: decomposition of map
: factor
4.20.1.
,
,
.
To factor a polynomial means to nd two or more polynomials whose
product is the given polynomial.

: dierence
c: solve for the c
4.20.2.
c.
Equation may be solved for the c.

: propagation
: scattering
: scattering from crystal
: algebra bundle
: group bundle
: bered product
: bered correspondence
: consider
4.20.3.
A
B.
Consider correspondence from set A to set B.

: extension eld
: enhanced
: splittable algebra
: regression
: resonance
: retract
: retraction
: reexive
: solution of dierential equation
: sieve of Eratosthenes
( ): series
: Taylor series
4.21.
: up to notation

52

4.

4.21.1.
2.1.
I can repeat, up to notation, proof of theorem 2.1.

: nest topology
: coarsest topology
: hyperne splitting
: free representation
: connected group
: seismology
: secant
: set of functions
: section
: force
4.21.2.
1935
.
. [Russian.1], . 39
In 1935, Hideki Yukawa proposed a quite dierent eld theory of the
nuclear force.
see [English.1], p. 29, 30

: friction
: symmetric
: symmetry
: simplex
: sine
: synchrotron
: closure system
: reference frame
: system of total dierential
equations
: as small as we please
: ber
: adjacent angle
: mixed system
: proper value
: proper state
2.1: according to theorem 2.1; By Theorem 2,1
4.21.3.
2.1 ABC DBC .
According to theorem 2.1, triangles ABC and DBC equal.

4.21.4.
2.1, a = b.
By Theorem 2.1, a = b.

4.21.

53

: congruence
: convention
4.21.5.
,

.
We use the convention that we present any set of vectors of the vector
space as a row.

: factor
A B: correspondence from A to B
: resistance
: conjugate quaternion
: special relativity
: helical structure
: helicity
: comparable topology
: stationary state
: degree of map
: strictly monotone function; strictly monotonic
function; strongly monotone function; strongly monotonic function
( ): lattice
: structural constants; structure constants
4.21.6.
g - ,
1.54 g - G.
g {v1 , ..., vr },
g.
, ckij , i, j, k =
1, ..., r, g,
,
r
X
[vi , vj ] =
ckij vk i, j = 1, ..., r
k=1

. [Russian.4], . 82
Suppose g is any nite-dimensional Lie algebra, so by Theorem 1.54 g
is the Lie algebra of some Lie group G. If we introduce a basis {v1 , ..., vr }
of g, then the Lie bracket of any two basis vectors must again be in g.
Thus there are certain constants ckij , i, j, k = 1, ..., r, called the structure
constants of g such that
r
X
[vi , vj ] =
ckij vk i, j = 1, ..., r
k=1

see [English.4], p. 50


54

4.

C: restriction of correspondence
to set C
: relevance
: essential parameters
in a set of functions
: there exist
4.21.7.
N , F1 , ..., FN .
There exists a positive integer N such that equations F1 , ..., FN are
compatible.

: sphere
: spherical triangle
: converge
4.21.8.
F x.
Filter F converges to x.

: countable set
: counter
: surjection
4.22.
: multiplication table
: tangent
( ): division ring; skew eld
2: tensor of order 2
: eld-strength tensor
: tensor product
: Bells theorem
: mean value theorem
: Zermelo proposition
: graph theory
: scattering theory
, : i
4.22.1.
a = 0 , aji = 0 i, j.

a = 0 i aji = 0 for any i, j.
: identical particles
: topological space
: topology
: torus
: total space
: point
: point
: cluster point

4.24.

55

: exact sequence of modules


: trajectory
: transitive
: friction
: triangle
U : chart over U
: trivial
: trigonometrical
: trigonometry
: Tunguska Cosmic Body
: obtuse angle
: turbulence
4.23.
: angle
: angle of reection
: angle of incidence
: angle of refraction
: resistivity
: knot
: multiplication
2: multiply by 2
b: multiply by b
: monic polynomial
: ordered set
: ordering
: partial dierential equation
: equation is satised identically
: acceleration
: accelerator
: conditions of integrability
4.24.
: quotient set
: dierence module
: quotient bundle
: factor group; quotient group
: quotient ring
: quotient topology
: physicist
: physics
: physical
: lter
: Finsler metric; Finslerian metric
: photon
: fundamental sequence
: functor
: gluing functions

56

4.

: functional
f x: function f of x
: transition function
4.25.
: chaos
4.26.
: cycle
: cyclic group
4.27.
: partial ordering
: frequency
: parity
: numerator
: real function; real valued function
4.28.
: Euclidean metric
: Euclidean space
: equivalence relation
: extreme line
: extremal; extreme
: eccentricity
: elementary particle
: endomorphism
: energy
: entropy
: Erlanger Program
: hermitian form
: Doppler shift
4.29.
: phenomenon
: phenomena
(): nucleus
(): kernel
: Jacobian

Name index

Yakir Aharonov
James Waddell Alexander

Victor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian

Andr
e-Marie Amp`
ere -

Carl David Anderson

Archimedes
Emil Artin
Cesare Arzel`
a
Alain Aspect
Michael Atiyah
Pierre Victor Auger
Amedeo Avogadro

Lewis Carroll
Elie Joseph Cartan
Henri Paul Cartan a
Hendrik Casimir
Guido Castelnuovo
Augustin Louis Cauchy
Owen Chamberlain
Shiing-Shen Chern -
N. A. Chernikov . .
Georey Foucar Chew

Elwin Bruno Chritoel

William Cliord
Paul Moritz Cohn .
Alain Connes
John Horton Conway

Leon Niels Cooper


Gabriel Cramer
Luigi Cremona

Walter Baade
John C. Baez .
Stefan Banach
John Bardeen
Asim Orhan Barut
Tatyana Baturina
John Stewart Bell
Felix Alexandrovich Berezin

Peter Gabriel Bergmann . .
Jacob Bernoulli
George Birkho
Nikolai Bogoliubov
David Joseph Bohm
Niels Bohr
Ludwig Boltzmann
Bernhard Bolzano
F
elix Borel
Max Born
Satyendra Nath Bose
Raoul Bott
Nicolas Bourbaki

Jean Le Rond dAlembert

Leonardo da Vinci
Louis de Broglie
Ren
e Descartes
James Dewar
Bryce S. DeWitt .
Jean Alexandre Eug`
ene Dieudonn
e

Paul Dirac
Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet

Christian Doppler
Frank Watson Dyson

Freeman John Dyson

Eugenio Calabi
Georg Cantor
Constantin Caratheodory

Sadi Carnot

Arthur Stanley Eddington

Werner Ehrenberg
Paul Ehrenfest
57

58

Name index

Samuel Eilenberg
Albert Einstein
Luther Pfahler Eisenhart . .

Lev Elsgolts . .
Federigo Enriques
Euclid
Leonhard Euler
Carl Faith
Michael Faraday
Pierre Fermat
Enrico Fermi
Richard Feynman
Grigorii Mikhailovich Fikhtengolts

Sergei Pavlovich Finikov

Paul Finsler
Armand-Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau

John Ambrose Fleming

Sergei Vasilevich Fomin



James Forbes
Joseph Fourier
Maurice Ren
e Fr
echet
George Francis
Benjamin Franklin

Alexander Friedmann

Ren
e Eug`
ene G
ateaux
Galileo Galilei
Galois
Carl Friedrich Gauss

Israel Moiseevich Gelfand



Murray Gell-Mann -
Josiah Willard Gibbs

Marvin Leonard Goldberger



Walter Gordon
Samuel Abraham Goudsmit

Hermann G
unther Grassmann

Marcel Grossman
A Grothendieck
Jacques Hadamard
Georg Karl Wilhelm Hamel

William Rowan Hamilton

Felix Hausdor
S. W. Hawking . .
Friedrich W. Hehl
Werner Heisenberg
Heinrich Rudolf Hertz

Victor Franz Hess


Antony Hewish
David Hilbert
Heinz Hopf
Edwin Hubble
Adolf Hurwitz
Leopold Infeld
Dmitri Iwanenko

Carl Jacobi
Nathan Jacobson
Pascual Jordan
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
-
Pyotr Kapitsa
Max Karoubi
Johann Kepler
Roy Patrick Kerr
Gustav Robert Kirchho

Felix Klein
Oskar Klein
Shoshichi Kobayashi .
Andrei Nikolaevich Kolmogorov

Robert Kraichnan
Leopold Kronecker
Martin Kruskal
Kazimierz Kuratowski

Guillaume Francois de LH
opital

Joseph Louis Lagrange

Lev Landau
Serge Lang
Pierre-Simon Laplace -

Henri Lebesgue
Joel Lebowitz
Leon Max Lederman

Adrien-Marie Legendre

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz



Joseph Lense
Andre Lichnerowicz
Andrei Linde

Name index

Joseph Liouville
Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky

Hendrik Antoon Lorentz

Edward Norton Lorenz

James Clerk Maxwell

Lise Meitner
Robert Millikan
John Willard Milnor

Hermann Minkowski

Charles W. Misner
Eliakim Hastings Moore

Holger Mueller
Newton
John von Neyman
Emmy Noether
Katsumi Nomizu .
Yuri Obukhov
William of Ockham
Peter Olver
Robert Oppenheimer

Moritz Pasch
Blaise Paskal
Wolfgang Pauli
Giuseppe Peano
James Peebles
Julius Pl
ucker
Max Planck
Jules Henri Poincar
e

Sim
eon-Denis Poisson -

George Polya
Isaac Pomeranchuk

Jean-Francois Pommaret -

Lev Semenovich Pontryagin



Cecil Frank Powell
Ryszard Ra.czka
Isidor Isaac Rabi
Martin Rees
Kurt Werner Friedrich Reidemeister

William Reynolds
Gregorio Ricci

59

Bernhard Riemann
Ole Christensen Roemer

Michel Rolle
Marshall Nicholas Rosenbluth

Carlo Rovelli
Hanno Rund
Karl David Tolme Runge

Bertrand Russell
Ernest Rutherford
Edwin Ernest Salpeter

Schmidt
Erwin Schr
odinger
John Schrieer
Jacob Schwartz .
Karl Schwarzschild
Julian Schwinger
Corrado Segre
Jean-Pierre Serre
Waclaw Sierpinski
James Harris Simons

Dmitriy Skobeltsin
Lee Smolin
Arnold Sommerfeld

Norman Steenrod
Paul Steinhardt
Shlomo Sternberg
Eduard Stiefel
Thomas Joannes Stieltjes

James Stirling
George Gabriel Stokes

Eduard Study
Jacques Charles Fracois Sturm

Anthony Sudbery
Leonard Susskind
Leo Szilard
Alfred Tarski
Hans Thirring
Walter Thirring
George Paget Thomson

Kip S. Thorne
Richard Tolman
George Eugene Uhlenbeck

James Van Allen
Alex Vilenkin

60

Name index

Valerii Vinokur
Max von Laue
Wilhelm Eduard Weber

Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass

Andr
e Weil
Steven Weinberg
Hermann Weyl
John Archibald Wheeler

Alfred North Whitehead

Hassler Whitney
Eugene Wigner
Frank Wilczek
Robert Wilson
Chen Ning Yang
Shing-Tung Yau -
Hideki Yukawa
Oscar Zariski
Yakov Borisovich Zeldovich

Ernst Friedrich Ferdinand Zermelo

Yakir Aharonov
Amedeo Avogadro
Jacques Hadamard
James
Waddell Alexander

Victor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian
- Andr
e-Marie
Amp`
ere
Carl David
Anderson
Emil Artin
Archimedes
Cesare Arzel`
a
Alain Aspect
Michael Atiyah

Wilhelm
Eduard Weber

Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass
Andr
e Weil
Hermann Weyl
Eugene Wigner
Alex Vilenkin
Frank Wilczek
Robert Wilson
Valerii Vinokur
Galileo Galilei
Galois
Georg
Karl Wilhelm Hamel
William
Rowan Hamilton
Ren
e Eug`
ene G
ateaux
Samuel
Abraham Goudsmit
Carl Friedrich Gauss
Werner Heisenberg
- Murray Gell-Mann
Israel
Moiseevich Gelfand
Heinrich Rudolf
Hertz
Victor Franz Hess
Josiah Willard
Gibbs
David Hilbert
Marvin
Leonard Goldberger
Walter Gordon
Hermann
G
unther Grassmann
Marcel Grossman
A Grothendieck
Adolf Hurwitz

Walter Baade
. John C. Baez
Stefan Banach
John Bardeen
Asim Orhan Barut
Tatyana Baturina
John Stewart Bell
Benjamin
Franklin
. . Peter Gabriel Bergmann
Felix
Alexandrovich Berezin
Jacob Bernoulli
George Birkho
Nikolai Bogoliubov
Satyendra Nath Bose
Bernhard Bolzano
Ludwig Boltzmann
David Joseph Bohm
Niels Bohr
F
elix Borel
Max Born
Raoul Bott
Nicolas Bourbaki

Jean Le Rond
dAlembert
Leonardo da Vinci

Steven Weinberg
James Van Allen

61

62

Frank Watson
Dyson
Freeman John
Dyson
Louis de Broglie
. Bryce S. DeWitt
Ren
e Descartes
Nathan Jacobson
Paul Dirac

Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
Christian Doppler
Jean
Alexandre Eug`
ene Dieudonn
e
James Dewar
Oscar Zariski
Yakov
Borisovich Zeldovich
Arnold
Sommerfeld
Dmitri
Iwanenko
Leopold Infeld
Pascual Jordan
Hendrik Casimir
Eugenio Calabi
- Heike
Kamerlingh Onnes
Georg Cantor
Pyotr Kapitsa
Constantin
Caratheodory
Sadi Carnot
a Henri Paul Cartan
Elie Joseph Cartan
Max Karoubi
Guido Castelnuovo
Johann Kepler
Roy Patrick Kerr
Gustav Robert
Kirchho
Oskar Klein
Felix Klein
William Cliord
. Shoshichi Kobayashi

Andrei Nikolaevich Kolmogorov
. Paul Moritz Cohn
John Horton
Conway
Alain Connes
Augustin Louis Cauchy
Robert Kraichnan
Gabriel Cramer
Luigi Cremona

Elwin
Bruno Chritoel
Leopold Kronecker
Martin Kruskal
Leon Niels Cooper
Kazimierz
Kuratowski
Lewis Carroll

Guillaume Francois de LH
opital
Joseph Louis
Lagrange
Lev Landau
- Pierre-Simon
Laplace
Henri Lebesgue
Leon Max
Lederman
Adrien-Marie
Legendre
Gottfried
Wilhelm Leibniz
Joel Lebowitz
Serge Lang
Joseph Lense
Andrei Linde
Joseph Liouville
Andre Lichnerowicz

Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky
Hendrik Antoon
Lorentz
Edward Norton
Lorenz
James Clerk
Maxwell
Lise Meitner
Charles W. Misner
Robert Millikan
John Willard
Milnor
Hermann
Minkowski
Eliakim Hastings
Moore
Holger Mueller
John von Neyman
Emmy Noether
. Katsumi Nomizu
Newton
Yuri Obukhov
Pierre Victor Auger
William of Ockham
Peter Olver

Robert
Oppenheimer
Blaise Paskal
Wolfgang Pauli
Cecil Frank Powell
Moritz Pasch
Giuseppe Peano
James Peebles
Max Planck
Julius Pl
ucker
George Polya
Isaac
Pomeranchuk
- Jean-Francois
Pommaret
Lev
Semenovich Pontryagin
Jules Henri
Poincar
e
- Sim
eon-Denis
Poisson
Isidor Isaac Rabi
Bertrand Russell
Ernest Rutherford

Kurt Werner Friedrich Reidemeister
William Reynolds
Ole Christensen
Roemer
Bernhard Riemann
Martin Rees
Gregorio Ricci
Carlo Rovelli
Marshall
Nicholas Rosenbluth
Michel Rolle
Ryszard Ra.czka
Karl David
Tolme Runge
Hanno Rund
Anthony Sudbery
Edwin Ernest
Salpeter
Leonard Susskind
Corrado Segre
Waclaw Sierpinski
Jean-Pierre Serre
James Harris
Simons
Dmitriy
Skobeltsin
Lee Smolin
Eduard Study
Shlomo Sternberg
Thomas
Joannes Stieltjes

63

Norman Steenrod
James Stirling
George Gabriel
Stokes
Leo Szilard
Alfred Tarski
Walter Thirring
Hans Thirring
Richard Tolman
George Paget
Thomson
Kip S. Thorne
Alfred North
Whitehead
John Archibald
Wheeler
Hassler Whitney
George
Eugene Uhlenbeck
Michael Faraday
Richard Feynman
Carl Faith
Pierre Fermat
Enrico Fermi
ArmandHippolyte-Louis Fizeau
Sergei
Pavlovich Finikov
Paul Finsler

Grigorii Mikhailovich Fikhtengolts
John Ambrose
Fleming
Sergei
Vasilevich Fomin
Max von Laue
James Forbes
George Francis
Maurice Ren
e Fr
echet
Alexander
Friedmann
Joseph Fourier
Edwin Hubble
Felix Hausdor
Friedrich W. Hehl
. . S. W. Hawking
Heinz Hopf
Antony Hewish

Ernst Friedrich Ferdinand Zermelo
Owen Chamberlain
- Shiing-Shen Chern
. . N. A. Chernikov

64

Georey Foucar
Chew
. Jacob Schwartz
Karl Schwarzschild
Julian Schwinger
Schmidt
Erwin Schr
odinger
John Schrieer
Paul Steinhardt
Eduard Stiefel
Jacques
Charles Fracois Sturm
Euclid
Arthur
Stanley Eddington
. . Luther Pfahler
Eisenhart
Samuel Eilenberg
Leonhard Euler
Albert Einstein
. . Lev Elsgolts
Federigo Enriques
Werner Ehrenberg
Paul Ehrenfest
Hideki Yukawa
Carl Jacobi
Chen Ning Yang
- Shing-Tung Yau


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[English.2] Serge Lang, Algebra, Springer, 2002
[English.3] Lev V. Sabinin, Smooth Quasigroups and Loops, Kluwer Academic Publisher,
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[English.4] Peter J. Olver, Applications of Lie groups to dierential equations,
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[English.5] V. I. Smirnov, A Course of Higher Mathematics, volume I.
Translated by D. E. Brown.
Translation, edited and additions made by I. N. Sneddon.
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[Russian.1] . . 1. .
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[Russian.2] , , . , 1968
[Russian.3] . . , , ( 1969 - 70 ), .,
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[Russian.4] . , ,
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[Russian.5] . . , , .
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[Russian.6] . , , . . , . , 1959
[Russian.7] . , , 4 - 6, . . . . . . ,
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[Russian.8] . , , , . . . .
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[Russian.9] . . , , . . , . , 1947

67