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Health Safety

& Environment
Policy

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT POLICY


AND PROCEDURES MANUAL
SECTION I

Page

GENERAL POLICY STATEMENT

SECTION II
RESPONSIBILITIES AND SAFETY ORGANISATION CHART

SECTION III
POLICY STATEMENTS AND ARRANGEMENTS FOR HEALTH, SAFETY AND
ENVIRONMENT
For brevity details have been kept to a minimum; however a more detailed
arrangement section can be found in the master arrangements copy held on site or
at Head Office.
1

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT TRAINING AND COMMUNICATIONS

REPORTING OF INJURIES, DISEASES AND DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES

OFFICE SAFETY

FIRST AID AT WORK

FIRE PROCEDURES

DISPLAY SCREEN EQUIPMENT

MANUAL HANDLING

CONTROL OF SUBSTANCES HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH (COSHH)

10

ELECTRICAL SAFETY

11

CONTRACTORS

12

NOISE AT WORK

13

LONE AND HOMEWORKING

14

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT AUDITING

15

RISK ASSESSMENT

16

VIOLENCE AND AGGRESSION

17

YOUNG PERSONS

18

ASBESTOS

19

STRESS

20

PROVISION AND USE OF WORK EQUIPMENT


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21

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

22

NEW & EXPECTANT MOTHERS

23

CONSTRUCTION DESIGN & MANAGEMENT

24

WORKING AT HEIGHT

25

WORK RELATED ROAD SAFETY

26

MECHANICAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT

27

WORK OVER, UNDER OR NEAR WATER

28

ALCOHOL & DRUGS

29

ENTRY INTO CONFINED SPACES

30

LIFTING OPERATIONS

31

EXCAVATIONS AND TRENCHES

32

HAND ARM & WHOLE BODY VIBRATION

33

DEMOLITION WORK

34

SCAFFOLDING INSPECTION

35

SITE INSPECTION

36

MOBILE PLANT & SITE TRANSPORT

37

EXCAVATORS & QUICK HITCHES

38

PERMIT TO WORK

39

GENERAL SAFETY PROCEDURES AND DUTIES

40

SMOKE FREE POLICY


APPENDIX I
APPENDIX II

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SECTION I
POLICY STATEMENT ON SAFETY & HEALTH
POLICY STATEMENT ON THE ENVIRONMENT

Anwyl Construction Company Limited


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POLICY ON SAFETY AND HEALTH


1.

POLICY STATEMENT

1.1

INTRODUCTION

1.1.1

This is a Statement of Policy by Anwyl Construction Company Limited (hereinafter called Anwyl
Construction) confirming its intentions, organisation and arrangements for ensuring the Health,
Safety and Environment at work of its employees, visitors and contractors, whilst on the premises or
sites under the control of or occupied by Anwyl Construction.

1.1.2

The Health, safety and Environment policy, of which this Statement is a part, contains details of the
arrangements and management system in place to ensure the objectives outlined below are fully
met.

1.2

STATEMENT OF INTENT
It is the policy of Anwyl Construction to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety
and welfare of its employees while they are at work and any other persons who may be affected by
their undertakings, and to comply with the Health, Safety and Environment at Work Act 1974 and
other relevant legislation as appropriate.

1.3

OBJECTIVES
In order to achieve compliance with this Policy, Anwyl Construction has set the following objectives
to:

1.4

maintain high standards for health, safety and the protection of the environment at its
premises and worksites

identify risks and set in place programmes to remove or reduce these risks

ensure that these standards are communicated to all employees, contract staff, temporary
workers, members of the public and other third parties, as appropriate

ensure that all personnel are given the necessary information, instruction and training to
enable them to work in a safe manner

ensure the dissemination and discussion of relevant information on safety, health and
environmental issues

introduce promotional campaigns to encourage safety, health and environmental awareness


and compliance

make provision of adequate resources to enable managers to properly implement the policy
and monitor its effectiveness

monitor operations at Anwyl Construction premises and worksites.

PRINCIPLES

We are all accountable for conforming to the Policy.


Each employee, including contractors are responsible for working in such a manner that
respects the Health, Safety and Environment of the individual and the environment.
All of the management staff are specifically accountable and will make organisational
arrangements to ensure compliance with the Policy.

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We will work diligently to prevent all incidents.


Anwyl Construction believes that all incidents including work related illnesses, injuries, spills and
excursions can be prevented. Management is responsible for providing a workplace that is
designed to be free of incidents, and all staff must contribute to this goal.

We will practice sound environmental, Health, Safety and Environment management.


Anwyl Construction will integrate Environmental Management fully with business and daily
operational management. This ensures that short and long-term environmental and associated
Health, Safety and Environment issues are considered, together with market and economic
aspects, when decisions are made regarding new and existing facilities, plant, equipment, and
services to the general public. We are committed to continual improvement in all aspects of our
Environmental and Health, Safety and Environment performance.

We will comply with all relevant laws, regulations and permits and will develop and
employ more restrictive internal standards where necessary to conform to the Policy.
We will anticipate issues and take appropriate actions, which may precede laws or regulations to
reduce our impact on the environment and to provide and maintain safe and healthy working
conditions.

We will audit our operations and report findings.


We will audit our own operations on a regular basis to identify strengths and weakness in our
processes and plans and identify actions to be taken to prevent problems or correct deficiencies.

We will report on our activities


We will communicate with individuals, communities where required and concerned parties
regarding the Environmental and Safety aspects and impacts of our operations, including an
Environmental report to accompany any yearly Health, Safety and Environment review and
report.

1.5

DISTRIBUTION
A copy of the Policy will be issued to all staff and will be placed on the Anwyl Construction central
office computer reference drive. Anwyl Construction Health, Safety and Environment arrangements
are more fully described in the attached Health, Safety and Environment policy and Procedures
Manual, relevant extracts of which along with additional local guidance will be issued as required to
employees by internal communication methods.

1.6

REVIEW
The content and effectiveness of the Policy and Manual will be reviewed and revised as necessary
to take into account any legislative or other relevant changes, and details communicated to all staff.

Signed

Date: 26/07/2011

Director
Anwyl Construction Company Limited

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Anwyl Construction Company Limited


ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
Anwyl Construction Company Ltd is dedicated to maintaining the highest quality and environmental
standards in all our activities. The Company ensures that our business is carried out in a responsible and
considerate manner and is involved at every stage of the construction lifecycle, including maintenance,
operation and facilities management of support services.
The Companys objective is to integrate fully environmental and social factors into all business strategies
with a view to contribute towards sustainable development and drive towards sustainability with a focus on
the social, economic and environmental impacts of its operations reflect its key values of openness, mutual
dependency and collaboration.
Anwyl Construction is committed to:

Continual environmental improvement


Management Systems within ISO 14001;

Developing objectives, supported by detailed targets, to manage all potentially significant


environmental aspects;

The prevention of pollution and monitoring and reducing any adverse impact of the Companys
operations on the environment and local community;

Demonstrating efficiency in the use of energy, water and materials, as well as taking appropriate
opportunities to minimise waste and re-use and recycle wherever possible and to play our part in the
Halving Waste to Landfill commitment. Full details can be found in our Waste Policy;

Developing meaningful performance indicators to measure resource use, waste and emissions as
well as promoting environmental best practice;

Compliance with all relevant environmental legislation, other environmental regulations and
standards of relevance to the industry sectors in which we operate;

Training of staff, suppliers and contractors to enhance awareness of relevant environmental issues
and ensuring effective management of our environmental impacts;

Working in partnership with our suppliers to ensure effective environmental supply chain
management and to promote sustainable sourcing of products and materials;

Seeking to influence the environmental impact of our final constructed product through enhancement
of environmental specification and design;

Working in partnership with Clients to promote the adoption of best practice environmental
management techniques to deliver high-quality products and services;

Two-way dialogue with all who have an interest in our business, including staff, suppliers, customers,
investors, shareholders, appropriate authorities, local communities and other organisations, to
identify key environmental issues and to seek innovative solutions and appropriate alternatives;

Publishing information on environmental performance, gaining third party endorsement of published


performance and benchmarking this performance against others.

by

implementing

business-specific

Environmental

Signed:

Director
Anwyl Construction Company Ltd

Date: 26/07/2011

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SECTION II
Responsibilities
Organisation Chart

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2.

ORGANISATION for HEALTH & SAFETY

2.1

Introduction
To ensure the prevention of ill health and the avoidance of accidents, including the promotion of a
safe and healthy workplace, the following organisation has been established for Anwyl Construction
Company Limited and duties/responsibilities confirmed.

2.2

Managing Director
Anwyl Construction Company Limited has established the overall Health, Safety and Environment
policy and the Managing Director has responsibility for implementing, monitoring and reviewing of
the policy. This will be achieved through delegated authority to the Director responsible for Safety
who will also ensure, in accordance with good corporate governance procedures that in any Anwyl
yearly report there will be a full statement on the risk mitigation programmes instituted including
relevant details of any losses sustained due to any incident related to this policy.

1st TIER MANAGEMENT


2.3

ANWYL CONSTRUCTION COMPANY LIMITED BOARD OF DIRECTORS


Anwyl Construction Company Limited Board members have responsibility for ensuring that:
1. Anwyl Construction Company Limited health, safety and environment programme is regularly
reviewed
2. Monitoring the implementation of Anwyl Construction Company Limited health, safety and
environment policy, and setting targets or objectives where appropriate through the appropriate
Health, Safety and Environment committee.
3. Ensuring that the effectiveness of the policy is regularly reviewed and revised as and when
necessary at the least on an annual basis
4. Ensuring compliance with relevant legislation, approved codes of practice and other safety
instructions
5. Ensuring appropriate procedures and arrangements are established and maintained, including
for the reporting and investigation of significant incidents
6. They have a working knowledge of current Health, Safety and Environmental Legislation relating
to Anwyl Construction Company Limited and that they are familiar with guidance relating to their
position as board members in relation to Health, Safety and Environment.

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7. They accept overall responsibility for all Board matters that are reported upwardly to them
regarding Health, Safety and Environment and welfare.
8. Where necessary, they agree and authorise the provision of sufficient funds and resources to
ensure compliance with the legislative and policy requirement of the entire Board.
9. When attending site and on a periodic basis complete the senior manager safety checklist.
2.4

Managing Director is the officer with overall responsibility for health, safety and welfare within
Company areas and ensuring that the objectives of the Boards Safety Policy are achieved through
delegated authority to the Director responsible for safety.
The Director Responsible for Safety will:
1

Ensure the Board is fully conversant with current and proposed legislation relating to Health,
Safety and Environment and the safe procedures and practices detailed within Anwyl
Construction Company Limiteds Health, Safety and Environment Policy to provide compliance
with legislation.

Ensure that an ongoing programme of annual audit in undertaken to establish the level of
implementation of the Company safety management system and whether the controls in place
are suitable.

Any major injury, RIDDOR and HSE Enforcement action is brought to the Directors attention and
investigated appropriately.

Ensure that a summary of Health, Safety and Environment statistics is maintained in order to
produce performance review reports relating to accident statistics, RIDDOR and HSE
Enforcement action.

Ensure that other levels of management know and accept their individual responsibilities
regarding health, safety and the environment and that the requirements of Health, Safety and
Environmental legislation are met.

Ensure that appropriate resources required to ensure The Company complies with statutory
duties are made available and deployed effectively.

Ensure the communication of necessary information throughout the organisation on Health,


Safety and Environment matters.

With due regard to the Health & Safety (Consultation with Employees) Regulations 1996, Anwyl
Construction has identified a system of consultation that is in keeping with the nature of the
personalities within the workforce and which is preferred by them. This consultation is conducted

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on a one-to-one basis with all employees, preventing instructions being mistaken or mis-heard
and any queries can be answered directly, thus avoiding future difficulties.
9

Ensure that the Health, Safety and Environment policy is regularly reviewed and developed.

10 Be responsible for possible disciplinary action when contravention of responsibilities under


Health, Safety and Environment legislation have taken place and have been reported to him.
2.5

Anwyl Construction Company Limited Divisional Directors have responsibility for ensuring
that:
1

They keep their respective divisional Health, Safety and Environment policy under review and
the Director Responsible to the Health & Safety Director is advised of the resources required to
comply with statutory duties or other relevant matters. Health, Safety and Environment
responsibilities, arrangements and objectives are included in any relevant strategy documents of
areas under their control.

Monitoring its implementation, and setting targets or objectives where appropriate through the
Health, Safety and Environment committee.

Ensuring that the effectiveness of the policy is regularly reviewed and revised as and when
necessary at the least on a yearly basis and that Information is provided to the Director
Responsible for Safety indicating how Health, Safety and Environment responsibilities are being
met.

Ensuring compliance with relevant legislation, approved codes of practice and other safety
instructions

Ensuring appropriate procedures and arrangements are established and maintained, including
the reporting and investigation of significant incidents

Attend Health, Safety and Environment committee meetings and report on progress related to
Health, Safety and Environment and risk management measures

To ensure any action points identified within their areas of control or coming from the Health,
Safety and Environment committee meeting are closed out in a time bound manner; this
includes recommendations from internal and external audit reports, management reviews and
workplace monitoring.

They have a working knowledge of current Health & Safety Legislation relating to their division

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They accept overall responsibility for all matters, regarding health, safety, environmental and
welfare relating to Divisional issues that are reported to them

10 Where necessary, they agree and authorise the provision of sufficient funds and resources to
ensure compliance with the legislative compulsory requirements of the respective division

11 They report and update Anwyl Construction Company Limited Main Board on the Health, Safety
and Environment performance of their respective divisions.
12 They must bring to the attention of all employees within the operating division the Health Safety
& Environment Policy & Procedures Manual and Policy Statement.

13 All personnel under their control are aware of their duties regarding Health, Safety and
Environment and that they are adequately trained and instructed to discharge those duties.
14 Appoint one or more competent persons to assist Managers in undertaking measures needed to
comply with the requirements imposed by or under relevant statutory provisions. In particular,
the Management of Health, Safety and Environment at Work Regulations 1999.
15 They are familiar with high risk activity on site and the additional roles and responsibilities
detailed within CDM and Working at Height policies within the Health, Safety and Environment
manual.
16 They positively promote the above throughout their division

2ND TIER MANAGEMENT


2.6

CONTRACT MANAGERS & WORKSHOP MANAGER


Are responsible to the Divisional Director of their respective division for achieving the objectives of
the Health, Safety and Environment policy within their areas, Managers within this tier are
responsible for the detailed implementation of the Health, Safety & Environment Policy within their
area of control. In particular, they must ensure that:
1

The Health, Safety & Environment Policy is actively promoted by Site Managers to ensure cooperation and commitment to Health, Safety and Environment in areas under their control. The
practical implementation of the Health, Safety and Environment Policy, the Health and Safety at
Work etc. Act 1974 and other relevant legislation and that any revision of this document is
brought to the attention of all employees.

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Ensuring that the operations under their control are, as far, as is reasonably practicable,
conducted without detriment to the health and safety of employees or others that may be
affected by their activities.

All employees under their control are adequately trained, instructed, supervised and consulted to
ensure the aims of the Policy are achieved. All such training should be adequately recorded.
Ensuring that the operations under their control are, as far, as is reasonably practicable,
conducted without detriment to the Health, Safety and Environment of employees or others that
may be affected by their activities.

Ensuring that their area of responsibility is subject to risk assessment, regular inspections and
audits. A suitable and sufficient assessment has been carried out of:

a) the risk to the health and safety of employees to which they are exposed whilst they are at work;
b) the risk to health and safety of persons not in the Boards or Operating Division employment
arising out of its undertakings.
A written record shall be made of the significant finding of the assessment and of any Board of
employees identified as being especially at risk. The said assessment shall be reviewed if the
competent manager has reason to suspect it is no longer valid or if there has been a significant
change in matters to which it relates.
5

Other assessments required by statute have been undertaken and reviewed as often as may be
necessary.

Divisional Directors are advised of the resources required to comply with statutory Health, Safety
and Environment duties or other relevant matters.

Information is provided to the Divisional Directors on an annual basis, indicating how Health,
Safety and Environment responsibilities are being met.

Escalate appropriately any matter found to be in breach of statutory requirements which they
cannot deal with.

Accidents/Diseases or Dangerous Occurrences to employees or other persons resulting from


work or Company undertakings are properly reported, recorded and investigated. Accidents,
diseases or dangerous occurrences which are identified by the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases
and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 as reportable, must be notified immediately in
accordance with the Anwyl accident procedure, who will then inform the Health, Safety and
Environment Executive in accordance with the procedure laid down in Anwyl Construction
Company Limited Policy and Procedures. Reviewing as necessary reports on accidents,

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incidents and near misses and to ensure, where necessary, that a full investigation is carried out
and appropriate remedial action taken.
10 Adequate and suitable personal protective equipment or clothing is issued, that employees are
properly trained in its use and are advised of the circumstances in which it should be used. That
such equipment or clothing is properly stored when not in use and serviced or maintained as
necessary, and that defective equipment or clothing is repaired as appropriate.
11 Any machinery or equipment must be inspected and maintained on a routine basis and such
inspection and maintenance must be properly recorded.
12 Safe systems of work are in place and that all reasonable steps have been taken to ensure the
health and safety of all employees and members of the public within their working environment.
13 Chemicals and substances hazardous to health are assessed, handled, stored and used
correctly.
14 Immediate, appropriate action is taken to stop any work being undertaken in a dangerous
manner. Work must not recommence until a safe system of work is established and understood.
15 The contents of any first aid boxes under their control are checked on a regular basis and
restocked as necessary.
16 Health, Safety and Environment is included as an item in the agenda of all employees meeting
and seek to encourage the co-operation of employees in discussing the improvement of the
working environment, safe systems of work and other relevant matters relating to health, safety
and welfare.
17 Managers / Supervisors are knowledgeable of the fire procedures and required checks on fire
precautions pertinent to their area of control.
18 They have a thorough understanding of current health & safety legislation relating to their
activities and determine any remedial action required to manage risk accordingly.
19 Ensure effective and compliant site set up with particular regard to welfare facilities.
20 The Construction Phase Plan is on site prior to construction work commencing and that it is
updated and maintained by site managers throughout the project.
21 Maintain a productive relationship with the Client and attend meetings as required.

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22 Co-ordinate and programme in conjunction with the site manager the different trades who will be
attending site.
23 They will fulfil their duties under the CDM Regulations 2007 and provide necessary details for
consideration at meetings and inclusion in project documentation.
24 Ensure the timely arrival of risk assessments and method statements to Head Office and assist
in the vetting of sub-contractors risk assessments and method statements.
25 Ensure the competency of sub-contractors in accordance with the CDM Regulations 2007.
26 Routine visual inspections when attending site in order to monitor and manage residual risk.
27 Ensuring the requirements of Anwyl Construction Company Ltds Health, Safety & Environment
Policy by all site managers and to ensure that site managers complete weekly and daily site
inspections that are documented and respond positively to a site managers request for
assistance.
28 Positively promote operational safe working practices in order to promote completion of the
project on time, within budget, effectively, efficiently and safely.
29 Where appropriate communicate serious Health, Safety and Environment non compliance to
relevant persons in writing to both internal and external parties.
30 Attend relevant Health, Safety and Environment meetings and refer Health, Safety and
Environment problems upwardly if they can not resolve them.
31 When hiring or appointing contractors, Contract and/or Assistant Contract Managers are
responsible at interview stage to check and verify relevant competencies and that all relevant
paperwork is completed suitably. This includes licence checks and CPCS/CSCS before work
commences.
32 Have consistent communications at all levels i.e. Site Managers, Foreman, QS, Buyer, Site
Operatives and Sub-Contractors.
33 Ensure any disciplinary action is documented.
34 Monitor individual performances.
35 Ensure that documentation for the Site Waste Management Plan is completed.

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36 Ensure the Plant Register is completed and kept up to date with particular regard to subcontractors equipment and operators.
37 Monitor procurement status of long delivery items.
38 Co-ordinate Company transport and personnel.
39 Management of site personnel:
a. Monitoring of individual and overall performance;
b. Disciplinary action as required;
c.

Move unresolved issues upwardly.

2.7 SITE MANAGERS


Site Managers have responsibility for ensuring the following:
1

They have a thorough understanding of current Health, Safety and Environment legislation
relating to their work activities.

They maintain and update the Construction Phase Plan and display the F10 on the site safety
notice board.

They carry out induction training for all Construction workers on their site and record this
information on the appropriate checklists and inspection sheets

They inspect the site visually on a daily basis and issue documented warnings to any operative
observed seriously or persistently breaching Health, Safety and Environment standards

They will inspect the scaffold on site as a priority on Monday mornings [following site shutdown
after weekend] and after inclement weather that may have resulted in the scaffold being
compromised.

The implementation of the requirements of Anwyl Construction company Limiteds health, safety
and Environment policy and issue relevant work permits were applicable.

Positively promoting operational safe working practices and lead by example

They undertake and record relevant weekly and daily site inspections.

They complete statutory registers, incident reports and report Health, Safety and Environment
visits from the HSE to the Company Health, Safety and Environment adviser.

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10 When constructing play areas it is the responsibility of the site manager to ensure the play area
remains fenced off until handover.
11 It is the responsibility of the site manager to complete the highway defects sheet and checklist
on a weekly basis.
12 The site manager should appoint an on site fire safety co-ordinator to complete the fire safety
plan.
13 Where necessary they actively seek assistance from the Health, Safety and Environment
advisor.
14 Attend relevant Health, Safety and Environment meetings and refer Health, Safety and
Environment problems upwardly if they cannot resolve them
15 They consult with relevant site personnel and complete risk assessments as required.
16 They promote and maintain interest for Health, Safety and Environment by actively seeking cooperation from all employees.
17 They undertake regular tool box talks and document attendees and subject matter.
18 Complete the appropriate forms for the management of the Site Waste Management Plan.
19 Read and understand the contractors risk assessment and method statement and make the
necessary arrangements to ensure that they are suitable for the work activity to be undertaken.
20 Risk Assessments and method statements will be discussed at the site induction and the
contractor will sign both documents as read and understood.
21 Ensure power tools belonging to Anwyl Construction are booked out and in at Head Office and
are in good working condition prior to use.
22 Record near misses and report them to the Health, Safety and Environment adviser.
Site Managers in addition to the above responsibilities also have responsibility for maintaining the site safety
filing system. Anwyl Construction sites will have a consistent approach to setting up the relevant site safety
filing system as follows:
It is imperative that all site managers set up the files with each item corresponding to the relevant tab
number:

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1. Risk assessments / method statements including evidence of communication


2. Contractors section including method statements / risk assessments / COSHH assessments and
contractor monitoring check sheets
3. Induction records and evidence of communication including reference to presentation
4. Weekly tool box talks attendance log and tool box talk delivered
5. Plant daily check sheets
6. Section relating to safety adviser observations and reports
7. Site Manager safety check sheets as detailed in the check sheet inventory.
8. Statutory site inspection check sheets work at height
9. Statutory site inspection check sheets excavations
10. Statutory site inspection check sheets plant and equipment
11. Site plant register
12. Permit to work / confined space permit / permit to dig / hot works permit
13. Site fire plan and fire risk assessment
14. Construction phase plan
15. Existing services checklist [overhead & underground]
16. Visitor records
2.9 QUANTITY SURVEYORS
Quantity surveyors have the responsibility for ensuring that:
1

They comply with Anwyl Construction Company Limiteds Health, Safety and Environment policy
and the legal requirements relating to operations under their control.

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They fulfil their duties under CDM Regulations and provide necessary details for consideration at
meetings and inclusion in project documentation, including the competency of contractors.

Making suitable enquiries and obtaining suitable risk assessments and/or method statements
from contractors where significant hazards and risks have been identified in good time in order
for the documents to be assessed for suitability.

Ensure that all contractors are issued with up to date trade specifications and risk assessments
where necessary, relevant to their work activities.

2.10 COMPANY BUYERS


Company buyers have the responsibility for ensuring that:
1

They comply with Anwyl Construction Company Limiteds Health, Safety and Environment policy
and the legal requirements relating to operations under their control.

They fulfil their duties under CDM Regulations and provide necessary details for consideration at
meetings and inclusion in project documentation.

Making reasonable enquiries about alternative products, which have no/less hazards or risk to
Health, Safety and Environment, when placing orders for substances, which may be hazardous
to health; and inform the Divisional Director responsible of any such suitable materials.

Ensuring that adequate information is obtained relating to specification and performance


requirements of any personal protective equipment, prior to placing an order.

2.11 DESIGNERS AND ENGINEERS


Designers have the responsibility for ensuring that:
1

They consider the hazards and risks for the construction and maintenance of a structure and
design to eliminate them. If this is not possible reduce them to a safe level and publish the
relevant risk assessments.

Where risks exist that cannot be avoided or eliminated, consider the measures needed to protect
all workers from them.

When designing any structure for use as a workplace the designer shall take account of the
provisions of the Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) regulations 1992 which relate to the
design of, and materials used in, the structure.

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The design includes adequate information on Health, Safety and Environment.

They pass this information to the CDM Co-ordinator so that it can be included in the PreConstruction Information with relevant drawings and specifications etc.

They co-operate with and assist the Client, CDM Co-ordinator, other designers and contractors
in order to comply with the CDM Regulations.

Engineers will ensure that when establishing a new site the following will apply:
1.

Excavations will comply with the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007,
part 4 (26) (31) and (33).

2.

Safe digging practices will comply with the current editions of:
i. HSG 185 Health, Safety and Environment in Excavations
ii. HSG 47 Avoiding Danger from Underground Services
iii. GS6 Avoidance of Dangers from Overhead Electric Lines
iv. Safety at Street Works and Road Works Code of Practice

3.

They will consider the risks and hazards appertaining to the work being carried out and
ensure (in co-operation with the Quantity Surveyor and Contracts Manager) that the risk
assessment and method statement is suitable and sufficient and adhered to where work is
being undertaken. Advice will be sought from the Health & Safety Advisor where concerns
are raised.

4.

Will have undergone manual handling training with particular regard to the lifting of manhole
covers.

5.

They will ensure (in co-operation with the Quantity Surveyor and Contract Manager) that
contractors are competent to carry out the work allotted to them.

6.

Where necessary communicate non-compliance with Health, Safety and Environment to the
relevant person.

7.

Where lone working is unavoidable a system will be in place to ensure their safety.

2.12 OFFICE MANAGER


The office manager will have responsibility for ensuring that:
1

Those persons deemed under the Display Screen Equipment (DSE) Regulations as users are
identified.

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2.13

DSE assessments are completed and reviewed when necessary for all DSE users.

Relevant young person and new and expectant mother risk assessments are completed.

HEALTH & SAFETY ADVISOR

As well as promoting the Anwyl Construction Company Limited Health, Safety & Environment Policy, the
Health & Safety Advisor has the ultimate goal of providing support to the Operating Division Management
Teams in the interpretation and implementation of the Anwyl Construction Company Limited Health, Safety &
Environment Policy. The role of the Health & Safety Advisor is detailed as follows:
1

Keep fully conversant with all current and proposed legislation and the procedures and practices
detailed within the Anwyl Construction Company Limited Health, Safety & Environment Policy.

Possess relevant Health, Safety and Environment qualifications.

Provide ongoing risk assessment advice and guidance to the Divisional Directors and Divisional
Management Teams and also to assist in completing those risk assessments and seeking out
new and emerging Health, Safety and Environment risk within the operating division.

Agree and establish general management systems for the divisional operating business that
meet or exceed the requirements of the Anwyl Construction Company Limited Health, Safety &
Environment Policy and Board standards.

Maintain contact with the local enforcing authorities within their geographical responsibilities.

Agree and establish the provision of, and record training. Ensure identified training needs within
the operating division are met, which meet and exceed the requirements of the Health, Safety &
Environment Policy.

Undertake regular site visits and inspection of work activities in line with the Anwyl Construction
Company Limited Health, Safety & Environment Policy requirements.

Investigate and record accidents and dangerous occurrences in line with the Anwyl Construction
Company Limited Health, Safety & Environment Policy requirements and that all relevant
Managers are notified immediately of any RIDDOR reportable incidents.

Investigate and record all HSE or local authority site visits in line with the Health, Safety &
Environment Policy requirements and ensure that all divisional management teams are notified
immediately.

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10 Agree and establish action plans with the operating division in response to third party audit report
findings.
11 Anwyl Construction Company Limited Health & Safety Advisor is to assist in the implementation
of the Health, Safety & Environment Policy Manual and work closely with the tiers of
management within each division to ensure full compliance of the legislative requirements of the
UK and also to meet the standard required by Anwyl Construction Company Limited.
12 Ensure that the Health, Safety and Environment policy and procedures manual is kept up to date
and that any amendments are promptly brought to the attention of the designated Bridge
Insurance Brokers Ltd safety professional.
13 Ensure that the register of plant and equipment requiring statutory inspection is kept up to date
and that competent contractors are appointed to undertake maintenance and statutory
inspections when required.
2.14 INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITIES / ALL EMPLOYEES
The Health and Safety at Work Etc. Act 1974 places general duty responsibilities on all employees:
It shall be the duty of every employee:
a)

to take reasonable care for the Health, Safety and Environment of him/herself and of other
persons who may be affected by his/her acts or omissions at work;
AND

b)

As regards any duty or requirement imposed on his/her employer or any other person by or
under any of the relevant statutory provisions, to co-operate with him/her as far as is
necessary to enable that duty or requirement to be performed or complied with.
No person shall intentionally or recklessly interfere with or misuse anything provided in the
interest of health, safety and welfare in pursuance of any statutory provision.

c)

To comply with Regulation 14 of Management of Health, Safety and Environment at Work


Regulations 1999.

To comply with these responsibilities All Anwyl Construction Company Limited employees
are required to:
1

Co-operate in implementing the requirements of all health, safety and environmental legislation,
related codes of practice and safety instructions.

Page | 21of 57

Refrain from doing anything, which constitutes a danger to themselves or others.

Immediately bring to the attention of their line management any situations or practices that are
noted which might lead to injuries or ill health. Ensure any hazard or malfunction is reported to
the appropriate level of management as soon as is reasonably practicable.

Ensure that any equipment issued to them or for which they are responsible, is correctly used
and properly stored.

Be responsible for good housekeeping in the area in which they are working.

Acquaint him/herself with the contents of the Safety Policy and conform to its requirements as it
affects him/herself.

Follow safe working practices and use personal protective clothing and equipment where
appropriate. Use machinery, tools in the prescribed manner and ensure they are not misused or
abused in any way. Report any defects as appropriate and avoid improvisation in any form
which could create risks to Health, Safety and Environment.

They operate only items of plant and equipment on which they have been trained and for which
proper authorisation has been given.

Not indulge in horseplay or practical jokes, which would be a risk to Health, Safety and
Environment.

10 Ensure all accidents, dangerous occurrences or near misses are properly reported to the
relevant manager.
11 They report any adverse issues relating to Health, Safety and Environment on site and report
any Health, Safety and Environment non compliance to the site manager.
12 They warn new operatives of site hazards.
13 Attend training courses designed to further the needs of Health, Safety and Environment as
required.
14 Acquaint themselves with all processes, materials and substances used by them and with safe
handling and safe methods of use. Obtain advice before carrying out any work or handling any
substance or equipment with which they are unfamiliar and which they believe may be
hazardous or dangerous.

Page | 22of 57

15 Be aware of the fire evacuation procedure, assembly points and the position of fire alarms and
fire equipment.
16 Conduct themselves in an orderly manner and are sensibly and safely dressed at all times.
17 They comply with all site rules and requirements detailed and issued at induction.
18 They comply with all traffic management controls on site.
19 They inspect and maintain any plant in their charge, completing the relevant weekly / daily
checklists and registers, confirming that all safety devices are fully operational. All non
compliances highlighted must be brought to the attention of the relevant manager immediately.
2.15

FIRE MARSHALS
Primary Duties
In the event of a fire in their area, they should raise the alarm then in addition take the below actions
as for the alarm sounding.
In the event of a fire alarm sounding in their area, they should take the following actions:
1

Encourage personnel to leave the building promptly and report to their Fire Assembly Point.

Without endangering personal safety, check that all personnel are clear of the area, attempt to
close all doors and windows on exit, and take note of any fire in their area. Take the muster of
those present and note of any missing persons.

Report the situation to the senior manager at assembly point.

Secondary Duties
Fire Marshals appointed for a building or work area are responsible for:
1

Ensuring all escape routes and fire doors are kept clear and unobstructed.

Report any defects in fire fighting equipment, signs, escape routes etc, to the site Manager and
notify any employees likely to be affected in that building or area.

Advising employees of any potential fire hazards and the means of reducing or eliminating such
hazards.

Page | 23of 57

4
2.16

Carrying out Fire Drills at recommended frequencies.

FIRST AIDERS
In addition to their responsibilities in accordance with their job title, the First Aiders have the following
responsibilities:
1

To administer first aid when necessary in accordance with their training Carry out First Aid in
accordance with the Health, Safety and Environment (First Aid) Regulations 1981 and the
Approved Code of Practice.

To ensure the emergency services have been notified in the event of a serious incident.

Ensure that all accidents to employees/ contractors/ and visitors, however slight, are recorded in
the Accident Book. To alert management to the fact that an incident has occurred.

Ensure that First Aid facilities, equipment and personnel are readily available.

To check the first aid kits and any other first aid facilities at regular intervals and to record the
findings of this check.

6
2.16

To report any deficiencies with the first aid facilities to a senior manager

CONTRACTORS/ SUB-CONTRACTORS
All Contractors/Sub-Contractors working on Anwyl Construction Company Limited or Operating
Division premises are required to comply with appropriate rules and regulations governing their work
activities. Contractors are legally responsible for their own workforce and for ensuring that their work
is carried out in a safe manner and without risk to Anwyl Construction Company Limited or Operating
Division employees and others who may be affected.

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Anwyl Construction Health & Safety Organogram


Managing Director

Health & Safety Director

Construction Director

Quantity Surveyor

Finance Director

Contracts Managers

Health & Safety Advisor

Sales & Land Director

Accounts and
Administration

Housing Director

Technical Director

Sales Adviser

Technical Assistant
Site Agents / Foremen

Sub-Contractors

Cleaner

Customers

Direct Labour

Customer Care

Commercial Manager

Buyer

Direct relationship

Quantity Surveyor

Contracts Managers

Site Managers

Direct relationship (pre award of contract)


Sub-Contractors

Page | 25of 57

Direct Labour

SECTION III
GENERAL ARRANGEMENTS
HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT
For brevity the Arrangements Section has been edited from the
Health, Safety & Environmental Manual

Page | 26of 57

1.

HEALTH & SAFETY TRAINING AND COMMUNICATIONS

The Company carries out training to ensure the competence of Management and Operatives in respect of
Health, Safety and Environment at work. The training requirements for staff will depend upon their Health,
Safety and Environment responsibilities.
Training records are kept relating to induction, tool box talks and specific site training e.g. plant operators by the
Site Manager/ Agent / Foreman in the Health & Safety Plan, with training records from external training
providers, kept by the Health, Safety and Environment Adviser at the Head office.
Induction
All new staff will be provided with relevant Health, Safety and Environment information and this health, safety
and Environment policy will be discussed at the Induction for new employees. Managers must also brief new
employees on Health, Safety and Environment matters relevant to their location.
Induction training will be provided for all employees by Health & Safety Advisor / Site Manager
Site Induction
On site all employees and subcontractors are required to complete induction training prior to proceeding onto the
site.
Where our work is of a subcontract nature, i.e. working for a Main Contractor, the Site Manager/Supervisor must
ensure that appropriate induction training is received from the principal contractor, which shall include site wide
hazards, welfare facilities and site rules etc. Site Manager / Employees must inform the Contracts Manager
immediately if they arrive on a site and do not receive appropriate induction training.
Where a risk assessment / method statement identifies a specific hazard, and additional training is required,
personnel shall be given the appropriate internal (tool box talks) or external training prior to performing the
relevant task
First Aid Training
Persons appointed as first aiders / appointed person will be provided with a suitable first aid training course
recognised by the Health, Safety and Environment Executive.
Training will be identified, arranged and monitored by Health & Safety Advisor / Site Manager.
The Site Manager is responsible for maintaining suitable first aid facilities. Any accidents / injuries must be
reported as soon as possible after the incident to the following:
Health & Safety Advisor;
Director.
The Contract Manager will ensure that adequately trained first aiders are available on all sites; these first aiders
will be provided by the Company. First aid containers are kept at the:
Site Office.
If you require a first aider for whatever reason:
Contact your manager/ supervisor immediately. A list of trained first aiders will be displayed on all
sites & within head office.
If an ambulance is required:
Ring 999 and immediately contact the Director Responsible for Health and Safety.
First Aiders
Are responsible for ensuring that the first aid box(es) are checked on a regular basis and replenished as
necessary.

Page | 27of 57

Health & Safety Advisor


Will ensure that accidents are investigated in order to identify the cause and to plan and implement measures to
prevent a recurrence. Where appropriate he shall report any injuries in accordance with the Reporting of
Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 to:

Incident Control Centre


Caerphilly Business Park
Caerphilly
CF83 38G
Tel: 0845 300 9923
Fax: 0845 300 9924

All accident records are retained for a minimum period of three years. Due to changes in the reporting
procedure only fatal and major injuries will be phoned through to the HSE, all other incidents will be reported via
the on-line procedure available on the HSE website.
CONSULTATION WITH EMPLOYEES
The Company will pro-actively involve its employees in all issues relating to Health, Safety and Environment in
the workplace. The Company will consult on decisions affecting or involving:
any change which may substantially affect the Health, Safety and Environment at work of staff, for
example in procedures, equipment or working methods;
the Companys arrangements for getting competent persons to help satisfy Health, Safety and
Environment laws;
information that employees must be given on the likely risks and dangers arising from their work,
measures to reduce or get rid of these risks and what they should do if they have to deal with a
risk or danger;
the planning of Health, Safety and Environment training; and
the Health, Safety and Environment consequences of introducing new technology;
In complying with the requirements of the Employee (Consultation) Regulations 1996 the company
will consult with staff on these matters on an individual basis.
The company does not have formally appointed employee representatives, but does use direct consultation to
communicate specific hazards appropriate to the task, or in the event of a change of work process, in writing,
with a reply normally within 7 days.
Consulting employees on Health, Safety and Environment matters is very important in creating and maintaining
a safe and healthy working environment. By consulting employees, the company motivates their staff and
makes them aware of Health, Safety and Environment issues.
The consultation approach adopted by the company involves not only giving information to employees but also
listening to and taking account of what employees say before they make any Health, Safety and Environment
decisions.
Through toolbox talks Site Managers will discuss directly with employees any Health, Safety and Environment
concerns or problems. Employees are encouraged to raise any specific issues during these sessions, for
example, welfare provisions, problems with other contractors, problems with plant or working practices etc. Any
particular concerns relating to the Main / Principal Contractor should also be raised so that actions can be taken.
An open door policy is encouraged, and all employees comments relating to Health, Safety and Environment
are welcomed by the Company and if an employee does not want to discuss an issue with their direct line
manager head they can contact the Health & Safety Advisor.
Staff will be fully expected to co-operate with this policy to ensure successful implementation. They will be made
aware of this document, and any changes made to it, through induction training and toolbox talks. Copies will be
placed on notice boards, and displayed on sites.

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Prior to any work commencing all subcontractors will be inducted into company procedures. Regular meetings
will be held with the client, designers and sub-contractors to ensure that Health, Safety and Environment risks
are brought to their attention.
Direct consultation is the preferred method of communication, as it leaves no room for doubt, or misconception.
LINES OF COMMUNICATION
Employees may refer health, safety and welfare matters to their immediate superior and/or the Health, Safety
and Environment Advisor.
Wherever possible, the Foreman will rectify unsatisfactory conditions, eliminate hazards or otherwise resolve
problems referred to them and will enlist the aid of the Director if necessary.
In instances where necessary action is beyond the resources of the Foreman or where the action taken or
proposed is unacceptable, the matter will be referred through the normal Management reporting line.
In the event that the resolution of a problem is beyond the resources of the Site Manager / Agent / Foreman or in
instances where proposed action cannot be agreed, the matter will be referred to the Health & Safety Advisor.
In all instances, employees must be informed of the action taken in respect of the matters they raise and if no
action is to be taken they must be informed of this, together with the reasons. Where necessary action will
involve some delay, the employee should be given the details and kept informed of progress.
All employees are encouraged to submit suggestions for better Health, Safety and Environment to their
immediate supervisor or direct to Management.
2.

REPORTING OF INJURIES, DISEASES & DANGEROUS OCCURRANCES

ensure that
accidents are investigated in order to identify the cause and to plan and implement measures to prevent
a recurrence. Where appropriate he shall report any injuries in accordance with the Reporting of
Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 to:
All accidents must be reported to the Site Manager and/or the Health & Safety Advisor who will

Incident Control Centre


Caerphilly Business Park
Caerphilly
CF83 38G
Tel: 0845 300 9923
Fax: 0845 300 9924

All accident records are retained for a minimum period of three years
See Site Safe and You page 76.
3.

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES

All personnel shall cooperate with the Health & Safety Executive (HSE) as required. Any visit by the HSE must
be notified to the Site Manager and the Health & Safety Advisor.
4.

OFFICE SAFETY

Clear, safe access must be maintained at all times. Materials must not be placed in gangways and any holes in
the floor or loose carpeting or problems with machinery and equipment must be reported to the Health & Safety
Advisor.
Access
Safe means of access and egress shall be provided and maintained to every place of work.

Page | 29of 57

Ventilation
Adequate ventilation will be provided. Most windows open, and there are several fans provided around the office.
Temperature
A reasonable temperature will be maintained in workplaces during working hours. The temperature will be at
least 16 degrees Celsius after the first hour of work.
Lighting
Suitable and sufficient lighting is provided at each office including passages, stairs, entrances, exits etc. Lighting
is from natural light wherever possible.
Cleanliness and Waste Materials
Rubbish will not be allowed to accumulate within offices. All litterbins are emptied each night. Floors, corridors,
stairs etc. must be kept clear at all times.
Welfare Facilities
Welfare facilities for company offices, workshops, stores, yards, meet the requirements of the Workplace
(Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992. Current facilities at head office include:
Male / Female Toilets
Kitchen facilities
Electrical Equipment
A number of fatalities and injuries in offices relate to / from electricity. Electricity gives no advance warning of
danger, and can kill instantaneously. All Portable Electrical Equipment is required to be inspected and
maintained in accordance with Regulation 4(2) of the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 and Regulation 6 of
the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1999. These state that all work equipment is to be
maintained in an efficient state, in efficient working order and good repair; regulation 6 states that routine
inspection and preventive maintenance are essential.
All electrical equipment and leads shall be Portable Appliance Tested in accordance with their use (site
equipment including connections from generators to site accommodation (6 months), office equipment (two
years).
5.

FIRST AID AT WORK

Persons appointed as first aiders / appointed person will be provided with a suitable first aid training course
recognised by the Health, Safety and Environment Executive.
Training will be identified, arranged and monitored by Health & Safety Advisor / Site Manager.
See Site Safe and You - page 76 (7.2)
6.

FIRE PROCEDURES

Office Fire and Emergency Procedures


Health & Safety Advisor is responsible for ensuring the fire risk assessment is undertaken, reviewed and
implemented
Office fire wardens are:
Ground Floor:
First Floor:

Gail Rice;

Kath Owens
Laura Jones

They are responsible for checking escape routes and ensuring that fire extinguishers, alarms and evacuation
procedures are tested every 6 months, with extinguishers every 12 months. Alarms must be tested much more
frequently and records kept by the Health & Safety Advisor

Page | 30of 57

Raising and hearing the alarm


All office staff must raise the alarm immediately:
fire is discovered;
flammable / toxic gas build up is suspected;
major accident / incident occurs.
Upon hearing the alarm, all staff are to evacuate the office building immediately, by the nearest fire exit and
congregate at the appointed fire point opposite the entrance to the yard.
The Fire Wardens are to take the roll call and ensure that everybody is accounted for, UNDER NO
CIRCUMSTANCES ARE RESCUE ATTEMPTS TO BE MADE, OR A RETURN TO THE OFFICE ALLOWED
UNTIL THE FIRE BRIGADE HAVE GIVEN THE ALL CLEAR.
Site Fire and Emergency Procedures
The Site Managers are appointed as fire wardens; if they are unavailable then they will nominate an employee.
The Fire Warden is responsible for checking escape routes and ensuring that fire extinguishers, alarms and
evacuation procedures are tested at least once on every site and every 6 months thereafter
Raising and hearing the alarm
The following fire & emergency procedure must be followed.
The nominated fire warden on site is the Site Manager, when not on site he will appoint a temporary fire warden.
All subcontractors / visitors / operatives must report to the site office upon arrival and sign in the visitors book,
conversely they MUST sign out upon departure, this allows the nominated fire warden to know exactly who is on
site in case of an emergency. THERE ARE NO EXCEPTIONS TO THIS RULE.
An alarm system will be provided on site to indicate that evacuation is required (e.g. air horn).
Fire extinguishers are available:
in site office;
in site mess;
in material container.
When carrying out hot work a fire extinguisher must be made available within close proximity to the work FIRE
EXTINGUISHERS ARE PROVIDED TO ALLOW YOU TO ESCAPE, THEY MAY NOT BE ENOUGH TO
EXTINGUISH THE FIRE, IF YOU ARE UNSURE THEN EVACUATE AND LEAVE IT TO THE FIRE BRIGADE.
Operatives must raise the alarm immediately if:
fire is discovered;
flammable / toxic gas build up is suspected;
a major accident / incident occurs.
Upon hearing the alarm, all operatives are to evacuate the site immediately and congregate at the nominated fire
point.
The Fire Warden is to contact the emergency services and retrieve the site records indicating who is on site.
The Fire Warden is to take the roll call and ensure that everybody is accounted for, UNDER NO
CIRCUMSTANCES ARE RESCUE ATTEMPTS TO BE MADE, OR A RETURN TO SITE ALLOWED UNTIL THE
FIRE BRIGADE HAVE GIVEN THE ALL CLEAR.

On the occasion when the company is subcontracted, either to a principal / main contractor or directly
to a client, e.g. college or council property (non CDM) employees must ensure that they are aware of
the fire / emergency evacuation procedures for the site / building.
Fire Fighting Equipment

Page | 31of 57

Employees should ensure that they are aware of the location of the fire fighting equipment within their work
environment (refer to the Site Fire Plan).
Fire extinguishers should be positioned on plinths or hooks and must not be interfered with by any person. All
fire fighting equipment will be maintained every 12 months and visually inspected every month. Any fire
extinguisher not in working order must be reported to the Health & Safety Advisor who will replace it with a
working fire extinguisher.
See Site Safe and You page 29 31
7.
DISPLAY SCREEN EQUIPMENT
A VDU user is usually a person who spends periods of an hour or more a day working at their screen. This will
include most support staff.
Workstations will be assessed to ensure that they are correctly set up. Instructions will be provided to all VDU
users on how to establish a suitable working position and workstation. Upon request we will provide employees
with an eye and eyesight test. Should an employee require special corrective appliances (usually glasses) to
continue working with VDU these will be provided by the Company.
NB The eye test and glasses provided are relevant to VDU working only
Any aches and pains suffered or general discomfort at your workstation should be reported as soon as possible
to the Health & Safety Advisor.
8.
MANUAL HANDLING
The Company, whenever practicable, avoids the need to carry out manual handling which creates risk of injury.
Where avoidance is not reasonably practicable, the Company makes an assessment of the lifting operation to
reduce the risk of injury as far as reasonably practicable and provide information about the weight of loads
When manual handling is necessary, the Company prevents injury by:
Identifying before work begins, operations which involve either lifting heavy or awkward loads or
repetitive lifting operations. The Company will, where reasonably practicable, find ways for either
avoiding the operation altogether, or using mechanical aids to minimise the amount of manual
handling;
Heavy or awkward loads that have to be lifted by hand should be carried out in teams;
Employees capabilities will be assessed in the environment in which they work and will receive
appropriate training in safe lifting techniques and sensible handling of loads as identified in Risk
Assessments which will be compliant with Appendix 2 of The Manual Handling Operations
Regulations.
See Site Safe and You page 86 - 88
9.

CONTROL OF SUBSTANCES HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH (COSHH )

A great many chemicals - and materials containing chemicals are used on all construction sites. Accidents can
be prevented where employees know what the chemicals are, the hazards they pose, and observe the
established safe practices in handling them. All hazardous chemicals must be delivered with a copy of the
safety data sheet to ensure that supervision/management and employees have the necessary information to
effectively control any associated hazards.
See Site Safe and You page 67 - 69
Our company does not use high risk hazardous chemicals and our own COSHH assessment procedure is
adopted by the Health & Safety Advisor, this contains the hierarchy of controls. All relevant employees shall be
informed about the assessments.
COSHH assessments will be reviewed every: 6 months or when the work activity changes, whichever is
soonest.

Page | 32of 57

PROTECTION FROM UV RADIATION


There is much research into the technology of sun screens and their detrimental effects in a moderate climate
like the UK, therefore Anwyl Construction have taken the recommendation that the only one method that is
seriously worth while to consider is to avoid burning in the first instance. In the absence of clear knowledge and
until current research is complete its always sensible to be moderate in exposure and that includes common
sense about clothes and sunscreens; the Company therefore will insist on a cover up policy on all its sites with
no shorts worn or bare upper torso. This must apply particularly in sensitive areas such as hospitals or schools.
10.

ELECTRICAL SAFETY

A number of fatalities and injuries on construction sites relate to / from electricity. Electricity gives no advance
warning of danger, and can kill instantaneously. Before using electrically operated hand tools, leads etc, all
employees will have been trained in their correct use of each tool. All Portable Electrical Equipment is required
to be inspected and maintained in accordance with Regulation 4(2) of the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
and Regulation 6 of the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1999. These state that all work
equipment is to be maintained in an efficient state, in efficient working order and good repair; regulation 6 states
that routine inspection and preventive maintenance are essential.
When using a 240V tool, a Residual Circuit Breaker (RCD) or Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker (ELCB) device shall
be used.
All electrical tools and leads shall be Portable Appliance Tested in accordance with their use (site equipment in
accordance with their use).
See Site Safe and You page 32 - 34
11.

CONTRACTORS

Selection Procedure
The Company selects subcontractors/self-employed based on a questionnaire and references requested from
previous clients, along with, where necessary interviews and site visits. Therefore all subcontractors/selfemployed must complete the questionnaire at tendering stage and provide two references upon tendering to
enable an investigation on their level of competence in terms of safety performance and management
commitment. If a subcontractor/self employed is working for our Company on a regular basis, the above
procedure does not apply and their invitation to tender for the work will review their current and previous Health,
Safety and Environment performance. If their Health, Safety and Environment performance is inadequate, then
they will be subjected to the above procedure.
We encourage our subcontractors to be assessed by CHAS (www.chas.gov.uk). If a sub-contractor is compliant
with CHAS then the above procedure does not apply.
Our sub-contractors are encouraged to be registered under the Construction Skills Certification Scheme (CSCS)
and move towards a fully qualified workforce, the CSCS card scheme identifies the trained and qualified
members of the workforce.
Health, Safety and Environment Documentation from Subcontractors
Prior to commencement of the subcontract works on site the Contract Manager, or his nominee, may request
one or all of the following documentation from the subcontractor/self-employed person. Risk Assessment(s),
including COSHH details; Method Statement(s); Training records Thorough Examination, Inspection, test and/or
safety certificates for plant and equipment. The Site Manager shall not allow a subcontractor/self-employed
person to commence work on site unless all necessary method statement(s) have been received and they are
satisfied that the subcontractors/self-employed on site has a copy of the method statement and is aware of its
contents and all plant operators are certified to carry out their operations.
Subcontractor on Site
All subcontractors shall complete induction training prior to commencing work. The training is carried out by the
Site Manager, or his nominee, and all participants must sign the training register.
All sub-contractors shall attend Toolbox Talks as required by the site manager/ agent/ foreman.

Page | 33of 57

All sites are visited regularly by the Health, Safety and Environment Advisor, with any safety concerns dealt with
immediately, any safety problems voiced by site personnel are acted upon as soon as possible. Any incidents
that occur during the works must be reported to the Site Manager / Agent / Foreman
All subcontractors are responsible for providing their own Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), should any
person not have the appropriate PPE they may be denied access to the site, alternatively they will be provided
PPE, sign for the receipt and be charged for the supply.
Subcontractor/Self-Employed Documentation on Completion
On completion all subcontract documentation shall be returned to Head Office where it will be collated and
relevant documents archived. Test / Inspection Certificates and other information required for the Construction
Health, Safety and Environment File shall be collated and forwarded to the CDM Co-ordinator team.
12.

NOISE AT WORK

The Company will check which of its activities will involve noisy equipment. Assess how much noise from this
work is going to affect employees working at the site and the members of the public.
Information will be requested from manufacturers and suppliers of equipment to ascertain the likely noise
problem. Wherever possible the Company shall choose low noise tools and equipment.
To control noise emissions the company shall wherever practicable:

eliminate the use of noisy equipment exceeding 85 dB(A);


choose the quietest model when buying or hiring equipment;
Move workers not involved out of a noisy area;
Erect signs to keep people out of noisy areas;
Try and quieten the noise at source e.g. fit mufflers to breakers, drills etc;
Make sure the exhausts of compressors, generators and other plant are directed away from work
areas.

Where it is not possible to eliminate or reduce the noise at source the Company will provide employees with
earplugs or defenders and information about the effects of excessive noise on their hearing.
Employees must take proper precautions to protect their hearing, and before working with noisy plant or in a
noisy environment, study the items within this section.
See Site Safe and You - page 28 - 29
13.

LONE AND HOMEWORKING

There are no homeworkers but occasionally it may be necessary for operatives to work alone. Such
circumstances will result in specific management instructions, but in each case, circumstance, location and task
will be assessed, to enable effective controls and communications to be established. Individuals must cooperate with any controls in place.
14.

HEALTH & SAFETY AUDITING

All auditing will be carried out daily (visually) and weekly (formally) by the site manager with regular visits by the
Health & Safety Advisor.

15.

RISK ASSESSMENT

Under the Management of Health, Safety at Work Regulations 1999 the company is legally obliged to carry out
risk assessments on its premises, tasks and hazardous substances.

Page | 34of 57

For task assessments, the company has designed its own risk assessment form and issued a Generic Risk
Assessments folder to all Site Managers. Where a generic risk assessment is not available, or the assessment is
insufficient, their supervisor / manager or another competent person, shall complete a new risk assessment
using the Risk Assessment form.
COSHH Assessments are completed prior to work commencing and the information is passed directly to
employees, this is to ensure that the correct controls are in place prior to work commencing. The company
currently uses their own COSHH forms.
To complete an effective and suitable risk assessment, the following steps shall be followed:
Identify & list all tasks / activities/ substances to be assessed;
Determine the hazards;
Work processes: Consider the work, how will it be done. Break it down into individual processes
and determine those aspects that could cause an accident or dangerous occurrence;
Environment: Consider the environment in which the work is being carried out, is it very hot,
humid, cold, at height, in a confined space, are you working in an occupied building, or in and
around other contractors;
Materials: Consider the existing materials and the materials utilised in the work and identify those
that are hazardous;
Equipment: Consider the equipment being used directly for the work and those items that are in
the surrounding area for other activities or used by third parties. Identify the hazards associated
with their use and close proximity;
Identify who might be harmed: Employees, Contractors, General Public, Special Boards;
Assess the significant risks: Ask yourself is somebody likely to be harmed;
Consider and implement controls to reduce your identified significant risks, either through
elimination or reduction / control methods;
Record the findings: record the assessment on the duplicate pad supplied on site;
Inform all persons affected by the findings through induction / workbox talks, individual meetings,
etc.;
Make arrangements for serious and imminent danger.
Risk assessments will be reviewed every 6 months or when the work activity changes, whichever is soonest.

RISK ASSESSMENT RATINGS


CONSEQUENCE CATEGORIES
5

Major

Causing death to one or more persons. Loss or damage is such that it could cause serious business
disruption (major fire, explosion etc).

High

Causing permanent disability (loss of limb, hearing or sight). Loss or damage is such that it could
cause business disruption in contract delays of 3 or more days.

Medium

Causing temporary disability (beaks, fractures). Loss or damage is such that it could cause minor
business disruption delays up to 3 days.

Low

Minor

Causing significant injuries (sprains, extensive bruising). Loss or damage is such that it is unlikely
to cause business disruption.
Causing minor injuries (cuts, scratches). No lost time other than first aid. Loss or damage not

Page | 35of 57

exceeding 100.
LIKELIHOOD CATEGORIES
5

Certain

Absence of any management controls. If the work continues as it is there is almost a 100%
certainty that an accident will occur (untrained personnel, broken ladder).

High

Medium

Low

The situation is generally well managed; however occasional lapses could occur. This also applies
to situations where people are required to behave safely in order to protect themselves but are well
trained.

Improbable

Loss, illness or injury could only occur under freak conditions. The situation is well managed and
all reasonable precautions have been taken. This should be the normal state of the workplace.

Serious failures in management controls. The effect of human behaviour or other factors could
cause an accident but is unlikely without an additional factor (ladder not secured, poorly trained
personnel).
Insufficient or sub-standard controls are in place. Loss is unlikely during normal operations;
however may occur in non-routine or emergency operations (obstructed gangways, flammable
materials incorrectly stored).

MONITORING
In order to ensure our safe working practices and procedures are being followed we regularly monitor our safe
working practices by:
Checking all sites weekly and where there are any non-compliances they are assessed as to the
degree of risk and measures taken to rectify the situation by the Health & Safety Advisor, and the
Site Manager.
Supervisors are required to observe work behaviour and act to ensure poor working practice and
behaviour is improved.
All work equipment is inspected on a regular basis and where subject to statutory inspection it is
within those set timescales.

Where appropriate accidents, incidents, hazards and cases of ill health are investigated and the results
acted upon, and implemented, with active measures to prevent recurrence. Pro-active measures will be
introduced, monitored and reviewed to prevent related occurrences.
REVIEW
Our policy and procedures will be reviewed as necessary and not less than every year. The review will take
account of the results from monitoring activities both active and reactive and where necessary policy and
procedures will be revised.
Where work significantly alters and new hazards develop, the risk assessment, method statement and, where
necessary, the health and safety policy is revised to ensure all necessary controls are in place to safeguard the
health and safety of our employees and others affected by our work activities.
Where employees are affected they will be consulted and informed of any amendments to current practices and
procedures and the introduction of any work equipment.

Page | 36of 57

16.

VIOLENCE & AGGRESSION

Anwyl Construction Company Limited will ensure via the Senior Management that all staff who have become the
victims of a violent and aggressive act whilst at work will have assistance in the following:
Assisting with the identification of the assailant(s) or aggressor(s)
Allowing the appropriate time off to recover and assist Anwyl Construction and police with
investigations and to attend court on Anwyl Constructions behalf should this be necessary.
Offering legal advice where appropriate
Excluding the assailant(s) or aggressor(s) from Anwyl Construction premises as appropriate
Ensuring that all staff receives the necessary additional support from Anwyl Construction and if
necessary have access to specialist counselling.
17.

YOUNG PERSONS

When young persons are engaged in work which they may fail to understand fully, their lack of knowledge,
experience and maturity can lead to deliberate or accidental risk taking. In such circumstances, anyone else who
is potentially affected by their work including a colleague, a passer-by and the young person him/herself is
potentially at risk from unsafe working practices. The Company therefore will always ensure that all young
persons (including contractor employees) are suitably supervised during their time on site.
18.

ASBESTOS

Certain products and materials that have been used in the construction industry over many years contain
asbestos. Breathing in asbestos fibres, which can be too small to see, is dangerous and the serious diseases
these fibres cause may take years to appear. Employees must therefore take every care of their own health and
that of anyone else who might be affected by what they are doing. When carrying out demolition, refurbishment,
and maintenance work employees are quite likely to come across asbestos that has been used in sprayed
coatings for fire or thermal insulation, asbestos insulation lagging, asbestos insulation board, corrugated and flat
sheeting, certain textured finishes, certain roofing felts and floor tiles. The presence of asbestos in any products
and materials cannot be determined merely by looking at them. If in doubt employees MUST find out analysis
by specialists will be required. All employees must follow the guidance provided within this section for their own
and everybody elses safety. The Company will subcontract the removal of asbestos products to a licensed
competent contractor.
See Site Safe and You pages 57-60
19.

STRESS

The Company recognises that, excessive pressures can have negative effect on Health, Safety and Environment
and performance at work. The company is committed to promoting good health at work. It is therefore,
concerned to recognise any negative effects that stress may have on employees, and to provide suitable support
mechanisms for employees suffering from the negative effects of stress.
Arrangements for securing the health and safety of employees.
The company acknowledges that stress in the workplace can be caused by any combination of a number of
quite diverse factors, such as:

job design and lack of control of workload;


working environment;
relationships with others at work, and;
communication arrangements.

The company also recognises that there may be problems outside the workplace that will cause an employee to
suffer from the negative effects of stress, and that these may affect their health and performance within work.
The company will:
ensure, as far as possible, that excessive stress is eliminated from the work environment;

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provide suitable support mechanisms for employees suffering from the negative effects of stress;
encourage a working environment where employees who feel they are suffering from the negative
effects of stress can approach their managers in confidence, in order that necessary support
mechanisms can be put into place;
encourage a culture where stress is not seen as a sign of weakness or incompetence;
provide suitable training and guidance for line managers to recognise symptoms of negative
stress in their staff and themselves;
provide suitable training and guidance to managers and supervisors to undertake the necessary
risk assessment in relation to stress in the workplace, and to arrange for implementation of
effective control measures where appropriate;
provide information to employees in general on the effects of stress at work;
undertake general health promotion activities within the workplace.
Where employees are suffering from excessive stress, the company will provide the necessary mechanisms to
promote a return to full health as quickly as possible. Employees are encouraged to refer themselves to either
their supervisor, manager or the Health & Safety Adviser. If necessary, the Company will refer employees to an
independent employee counselling service.
20.

PROVISION & USE OF WORK EQUIPMENT

The company uses in the day to day running of the business vehicles and mobile work equipment e.g. fork lifts
trucks, excavators, mobile elevated platforms, dumpers
General
All plant shall be assessed to identify whether restraining systems, roll over protection, falling
object protection is required as regulated by the Provision and Use of Work Equipment
Regulations 1998;
Safe entry and exit points to be provided with adequate turning room and good visibility for
vehicle drivers. Where necessary a Banks man or signaller shall be provided;
Wherever possible the company will provide separate site entry / exit points to separate
pedestrians from vehicles;
Wherever possible, vehicles and mobile plant will be supplied with an audible reversing alarm;
Protect excavations and structures, which might be damaged and made unsafe if struck by a
vehicle or piece of mobile plant;
NEVER OVERLOAD vehicles as they will become unstable, difficult to steer or have their braking
impaired;
DO NOT let anyone to ride on vehicles or mobile plant except where a seat or other safe riding
position has been provided;
Never drain or fill fuel tanks when the equipment is hot, the engine is running or in a confined
space;
Mobile equipment, pressure vessels incl compressors and lifting equipment is subject to annual
and bi-annual statutory inspections, the original certification is maintained in the head office with
a copy on site
Working with Small Dumpers
Employees required to drive dumpers must have had proper training and be authorised to drive and if required to
drive on public roads have a full driving licence and the dumper must be licensed and equipped for the public
highway.
See Site Safe and You pages 43-45

Working with Excavators


When carrying out work in association with excavators, employees can be subject to hazards, which often arise
without warning. Employees must always observe the following rules and guidance laid down in this section.
See Site Safe and You pages 48-49

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Compressors
The main risks associated with compressors are being trapped and injured in the V-belt and pulley drive,
explosions of the air receiver and accidents due to the misuse of airlines. Other possible risks are those of
electric shock, burns from hot surfaces, slips resulting from oil spillages, and hearing damage through exposure
to excessive noise. Where employees are put in charge of a compressor they must have been properly
instructed by a competent person in the correct operational and maintenance procedures, and the precautionary
measures.
See Site Safe and You pages 49-50
Rough Terrain Fork Lifts & Telescopic Handlers
Rough terrain forklift and telescopic handlers require a thorough understanding of their individual characteristics
if they are to be operated safely especially their stability factors. Where employees are to operate such
machines they should be aged 18 years or over, be in possession of a valid driving licence, be medically fit, have
been adequately trained in the safe operation of the type of fork lift to be used, and have sufficient knowledge of
the working of the machine to be assured that it is in full working order and to be able to carry out daily
inspections.
See Site Safe and You pages 50-52
Compo and Small Concrete Mixers
Both of these items are common on site, employees selected to operate this type of plant should ensure they are
conversant with the rules and guidelines incorporated within this section.
See Site Safe and You pages 54-55
Gin Wheels and Similar Equipment
Gin wheels and similar equipment provide a convenient way of raising loads. Though simple pieces of
equipment the Company is aware that care is needed when assembling and using them if accidents are to be
avoided. When a gin wheel or similar is to be used, employees should make sure it has:

Been inspected prior to assembly / installation


Been securely fixed to a secure anchorage, to prevent displacement
A proper hook designed to prevent displacement of the load or a hook fixed with a safety catch
There is a safe working platform from which the hook can be loaded and unloaded

Hoists
Where employees are required to operate a hoist, they must be 18 years of age or over and have been properly
trained to do so by a competent person. All employees operating or working in close proximity to hoists should
always comply with the guidance provided in this section.
See Site Safe and You pages 42-43
Woodworking Machinery
Where woodworking machinery is in use on site the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 will
apply. It is the legal duty of the employee and the employer to comply with these Regulations.
Machines which are woodworking machines for the purpose of these Regulations are:

Any sawing machine designed to be fitted with one or more circular blades;
Grooving machines;
Any sawing machine designed to be fitted with a blade in the form of a continuous blade or strip;
Chain sawing machines;
Mortising machines;
Planning machines;
Vertical spindle moulding machines (including high-speed routing machines).

The following general procedures shall be observed to ensure the safety of the operator and those around him.
Knives, saws and cutters shall be properly sharpened and correctly set. Circular saw blades shall
be checked for cracks, particularly near gullet at root of teeth. Defective items shall not be used;

Page | 39of 57

Before a machine is started, a check shall be made to see that cutters, etc., are of the correct type
and are securely fixed, and that guards are properly adjusted and secure;
The area around the machine shall be clear of waste material and there shall be space to stack
work safely before and after machining;
The floor must be clean and free from oil, grease or anything else, which might cause
the operator to slip or trip;
Multi-speed machines must be started at the lowest speed;
Guards shall be set to give the minimum clearance necessary for the material being worked. They
shall always be in position;
The operator shall not wear loose clothing, and shall wear goggles, masks, or ear protectors as
necessary;
Workplaces shall have adequate heating and be well lit;
Adjustments must never be made to a machine while it is in motion;
Push sticks shall be available and in use whenever necessary. Off-cuts, chips and sawdust shall
not be removed from the machine table with the hands while machine is in motion.
See Site Safe and You pages 53-54
21.

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

The Company is obliged by law to provide, without charge, personal protective equipment to their employees
where they are exposed to a risk to their Health, Safety and Environment. At the same time, employees are
required by law to wear such clothing and equipment where the circumstances demand it.
The Health & Safety Advisor is responsible for carrying out assessments to identify the necessary PPE required.
Further guidance on company policy on the protection of various parts of the body is provided within this section.
Safety Helmets
The head is particularly vulnerable to injury, and accidents to the head are often fatal or involve very serious
injuries. The Construction (Head Protection) Regulations 1989 requires the company to provide employees with
suitable head protection, and employees to wear the head protection. To ensure maximum safety and comfort
employees should consider the points raised within this section.
See Site Safe and You pages 85-86
Footwear
When working on construction sites there is a risk of injury from:
material being dropped on workers feet; or;
nails or other sharp objects penetrating the sole.
Therefore it is this companys policy that boots with protective toe caps and steel midsoles are worn at all times
by employees, visitors etc on our construction sites.
To enable employees to have a choice of footwear and to ensure a good comfortable fit, the Company issues a
weekly allowance to all Anwyl Construction Company Limited site operatives that is included in their wages in
order for them to purchase the correct safety footwear according to their work activities and the Companys
Health, Safety & Environment Policy.
Where it is deemed necessary from a risk assessment, employees will be provided with Wellington boots via
their site manager/agent/foreman.
Goggles and Safety Glasses
Goggles and safety glasses are to be provided to protect against:
Flying objects, for example when using a nail gun to provide adequate protection; goggles should
be shatterproof;
Sparks, for example, when disc cutting;

Page | 40of 57

Chemical splashes.
Outdoor Clothing
There are occasions when working in the rain is inevitable and is an accepted and necessary part of construction
work. To enable employees to work comfortably in these conditions an allowance is made by the Company in
the form of a weekly sum included in their wage packets in the form of boot money for the personal purchase of
the necessary items of PPE from a local supplier. The reimbursement is reviewed annually and as required to
ensure that it provides sufficient funds to cover the outlay of the employee purchasing PPE which conforms to
the required standard and includes:
1. Safety footwear;
2. Waterproof Jacket;
3. Waterproof trousers.
The employee is required to ensure that the PPE purchased is a good fit, is comfortable to wear, is compatible
with work activities and maintain the equipment in good order.
A drying room is provided if clothing does become wet.
High Visibility Clothing
High visibility clothing will be required wherever employees:
Could be run down by vehicles, for example banks men or signallers assisting in vehicles being
manoeuvred and anyone engaged in roadworks;
Need to be seen by others to allow them to work safely, for example, banks men and signallers
assisting in lifting operations need to be clearly visible to the crane driver.
Gloves
Suitable gloves will be provided to protect against
dusts (such as cement), wet concrete and solvents which can cause dermatitis; and
cuts and splinters when handling bricks, steel and wood.
Protection against the Operations of Others
There will be times when work has to be carried out on the fringe of, or assisting persons carrying out,
specialised processes. Employees should be aware of what protection they need in such cases which will be
identified in the risk assessment for the job.
See Site Safe and You pages 84-85
22.

NEW & EXPECTANT MOTHERS

There are many relevant legal requirements applicable to the protection of pregnant and new mothers and
Anwyl, but the most significant are:
The Health, Safety and Environment at Work etc. Act 1974 requires employers to provide safe places and
systems of work, including safe plant and equipment. This would be implied to mean safe for all employees,
including new and expectant mothers.
The Management of Health, Safety and Environment at Work Regulations 1999 which were amended in
1994 (by specific amendment regulations to implement the EC Directive on Pregnant Workers) require
employers to carry out risk assessments taking particular account of risks to new and expectant mothers. The
law requires a reduction of risks where practicable, changes in working arrangements, the offer of suitable
alternative employment or, if that is not possible, paid leave for the worker concerned for as long as is necessary
to protect her Health, Safety and Environment or that of her child.
The Workplace (Health, Safety & Welfare) Regulations 1992 require the provision of suitable facilities for
pregnant and nursing mothers to be provided. This essentially means a quiet and private area where rests may
be taken during the working day, and where a breast-feeding mother may feed her baby during such a break.

Page | 41of 57

Legal risk assessment duties to pregnant staff


Who is pregnant?
Employers are only required to take action to specifically protect pregnant staff when they advise us in
writing of their condition, as specified in the Amendment Regulations. Further, we may request written
confirmation in the form of a certificate from a registered medical practitioner or midwife.
Identifying the Hazards
For Pregnant and New Mothers there is a legal obligation on Anwyl Construction - provided staff have notified
the Company of their condition - to identify the specific hazards which are of potential risk to them. In most office
environments this is restricted to postural problems (sitting for extended periods at a workstation) and occasional
manual handling (photocopying paper etc.).
Removing/reducing the risks
Risks to pregnant and new mothers which have been identified by the process of specific risk assessment
should be reduced to as low levels as are reasonably practicable by taking appropriate precautions.
If Risks cannot be reduced
The requirement is to find the person suitable alternative work, at no loss to terms and conditions, for the
duration of the pregnancy/period as a new mother.
If alternative employment cannot be found
The requirement is to provide the person with paid leave until risks may be reduced and/or alternative
employment may be found and/or they cease to be in the condition of pregnant or new mother.
23.

CONSTRUCTION DESIGN & MANAGEMENT

The aim is for Health, Safety and Environment considerations to be treated as an essential, but normal
part of a projects development not an afterthought or bolt on extra.
The effort devoted to planning and managing Health, Safety and Environment should be in proportion to the risks
and complexity associated with the project. When deciding what is needed to comply with the CDM Regulations.
Focus should always be on action necessary to reduce and manage risks.
With regard to the CDM Regulations 2007 they place duties on all parties to manage arrangements and practical
measures on site; with reference to the Principal Contractor this will include:
Liaise with all other CDM duty holders;
Plan, Organise, control, Monitor & Review arrangements as the project progresses;
Consult with the workforce;
Co-operate with the CDM Coordinator and Designer, particularly if changes are required;
Ensure the Client is aware of their duties;
Ensure that all contractors have the time and information available in order for them to plan and
carry out their work safely;
Ensure co-ordination and co-operation between contractors;
Ensure that a suitable Construction Phase Plan is prepared and that site security and welfare are
in place prior to work commencing.
The Construction Phase Plan is developed through consultation at pre-start meetings with the Client, Designer
and CDM Co-ordinator in order to establish pro-active measures to control foreseeable hazards.
Good management of health and safety is crucial to the successful delivery of a construction project and
therefore Anwyl Construction will ensure that the Client fully understands their duty and that the development of
the Plan will take into consideration the information as contained in the Pre-Construction Information as supplied
by the Client and CDM Co-ordinator in addition to the information generated as a result of site visit(s) by the
Health & Safety Advisor and Contract Manager for the project ensuring that the planning, organisation, controls,
monitoring and review procedures are established prior to work commencing in order to be specific with the
emphasis on key or significant points.
We will liaise with the CDMC to ensure that pre-construction information provided has paid adequate regard to
the information as provided by Designers for the project, that risks to health and safety generally have been

Page | 42of 57

identified and specific risks are identified with regard to the type of construction to be carried out and that
measures are taken to control those risks. Planning and managing the Construction Phase Plan will always be
in accordance to the risks and complexity associated with the project.
The Company will liaise with contractors to identify hazards and risk and ensure that their activities on site will be
planned and scheduled in order to ensure that the co-ordination required to promote and develop measures to
ensure the safety of workers will be established and in place for site personnel who may be working in close
proximity to each other.
Arrangements will be put in place for Accident Reporting, Toolbox Talks and planned training.
responsibility and site rules will be established to supplement existing control measures.

Lines of

Consultation with the site manager, contract manager and health and safety advisor prior to work commencing
will establish welfare provisions, location of welfare units and identify specific hazards and controls required. In
order to successfully manage the Construction Phase Plan procedures will be put in place that will enable the
site manager to ensure that risk assessments and method statement(s) are received from contractors prior to
their commencing on site and that all project relevant information (such as procurement, health and safety data
etc) will be called-in as necessary. The general principles of prevention will be applied to all those who have a
duty under the CDM Regulations and risks will be avoided and/or evaluated in order to control those risks at
source. Technical issues will be decided at this stage with a coherent prevention policy of influencing factors
relating to the working environment and relevant instruction developed for site personnel.
Relevant information will be disseminated to all those affected by the project prior to work commencing and feed
back systems established.
24.

WORKING AT HEIGHT

Access to workplace: Safe means of access and egress shall, so far as is reasonably practicable, be provided
and maintained to every place of work. The company will endeavour to eliminate, where practicable, working at
height, where this is not possible we will consider the safest method of access for the work in hand. The
selection of access will take into account:

Who is going to need access?


What type of work is to be carried out?
Where will people be working?
When will access be required?
How long is access required?

25.
WORK RELATED ROAD SAFETY
Company vehicles are only driven by suitably qualified personnel, who are authorised to do so, and are subject
to normal road traffic laws and vehicle maintenance requirements. Driving licences are checked annually, to
ensure that driving records are kept up to date. All vehicles are suitable for the tasks required of them, as
outlined by any risk assessment that is deemed necessary and adequate Health, Safety and Environment
information is given to the user, which may include details of the load to be carried.
The Company encourages safe and responsible driving, regularly reviewing workloads, time spent behind the
wheel, journey selection, breakdowns, accident, and emergency procedures. Stress is recognised as a
contributor to accidents and unsafe driving techniques. To help alleviate stressful driving, route planning,
workload and realistic schedules is left to the driver of the vehicle when organising his day, making every journey
a managed one. Alternative forms of transport, e.g. trains, will be used as required, and as technology improves,
phone and video conferencing will be investigated as an alternative to making long journeys by car.
Mobile phones are not expected to be answered whilst driving, and calls from mobile phones whilst the vehicle is
in motion are strictly forbidden unless the vehicle is fitted with hands free equipment. Calls will always be
returned or made when the vehicle has stopped.
26.

MECHANICAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT

Page | 43of 57

27.

Only authorised and trained personnel will operate Mechanical Handling Equipment (M.H.E)
The operator will perform a daily pre-operation inspection. The site manager will check on a
weekly basis the pre use M.H.E check sheets to ensure compliance with this policy.
Any safety defects will be reported by the operator for immediate repair to their manager and the
manager will have the M.H.E taken out of service.
Operators will follow the correct recharging or refuelling safety procedures. They are attached to
this policy.
Operators will sound the horn and use extreme caution when there is interaction with
pedestrians; making turns; cornering; blind spots; and entering and exiting aisles.
Passengers will not ride on any M.H.E. Only the operator will ride the M.H.E.
The lifting capacity plate will be marked on all M.H.E. The operator will assure that loads do not
exceed the rated limits.
When M.H.E is unattended, the forks will be lowered to the parking position, parking brake and
neutral applied, the M.H.E. turned off and key removed.
Operators are instructed to report all accidents incidents, near misses, regardless of fault.
M.H.E vehicles are maintained externally by competent external contractors.
In no circumstances should the vehicle limiters be tampered with.

WORK OVER OR NEAR TO WATER

Falling into water and being drowned or carried away by currents is an ever-present danger when working over
or adjacent to water. Even though workers may be good swimmers, the precautions within this section must
always be followed.
See Site Safe and You page 20
28.

ALCOHOL & DRUGS


Personnel must not consume alcohol or recreational drugs (whether illegal or
otherwise) or misuse other substances whilst working on a construction site
Personnel must not report for work under the influence of alcohol, recreational drugs
(whether illegal or otherwise) or other substances
Whilst at work take prescription drugs if they give rise to physical or mental impairment
that is likely to compromise safety.

29.

ENTRY INTO CONFINED SPACES

Fatal and serious accidents can occur when employees enter live foul sewers, manholes, bored piles, trenches,
tanks and so on, without the necessary tests being carried out or the correct safety rescue procedures being
provided. All confined space / hazardous atmosphere work will be completed by Confined Space Trained
Employees or subcontracted to competent contractors. Employees and supervision shall follow the guidance
provided and all work shall be subject to permit to work.
See Site Safe and You pages 22 24
30.

LIFTING OPERATIONS

Working with Cranes


Any work in association with a crane can be a source of hazard. All lifting operations shall be carried out in line
with the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998. Where employees are required to carry out
such work it will be either as a banks man, or as a consequence of their particular duties. All employees working
with or near to cranes should familiarise themselves with the guidance contained within Site Safe and You.
Lifting Equipment
The Company uses in the day to day running of the business:

Page | 44of 57

mechanical lifting equipment, and accessories e.g. fork lifts trucks, hoists, excavators used for lifting, gin wheels,
cranes, mobile elevated platforms
All lifting equipment and lifting activities shall conform to the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment
Regulations 1998.
Site Managers must ensure that the lifting equipment has the pertinent thorough examination and inspection
certificates and that there is a person competent in lifting available to plan and manage the lift.
Site manager is responsible for ensuring that all identified maintenance is implemented and that new plant and
equipment meets Health, Safety and Environment standards.
General
All lifting equipment is to be delivered to site in good time and Site Managers are to ensure that the site has been
prepared for it;
All lifting equipment and accessories must be marked with their SWL;
All lifting equipment to have proof of thorough examination and regular inspections;
All equipment is to be set up and operated by trained and experienced workers;
All lifting operations must be properly planned and supervised by competent persons, who shall be responsible
for co-ordinating site activities so that those involved in the lifting operations do not endanger other workers and
vice versa.
See Site Safe and You pages 45-48
31.

EXCAVATIONS & TRENCHES

Almost any excavated ground will collapse under certain conditions, unless it is temporarily supported, or safely
battered back, or is in geologically stable rock. If the sides of an excavation collapse, there may be no escape.
Death by crushing or suffocation, or disabling injuries to the pelvis and legs, are common to accidents in
excavations. For excavation work, employees must follow these guidelines to achieve and maintain a safe
working place.
See Site Safe and You page 21
32.

HAND ARM & WHOLE BODY VIBRATION

The Company will check which of its activities will involve equipment that produces vibration and from
information from the manufacturer or supplier to determine the vibration exposure to employees using the
equipment. Regular and frequent exposure to hand-arm vibration can lead to permanent health effects,
therefore wherever possible the Company will choose low vibration tools and equipment from Hirers and
Suppliers.
Wherever possible the Company will choose low vibration tools and equipment.
To control vibration emissions the company shall wherever practicable:
Eliminate the use of vibratory tools, e.g. pile crusher instead of hand held breakers;
Introduce job rotation and timed working periods to limit exposure from vibration;
Ensure equipment is properly balanced, has no loose or worn out parts and blades / cutters are
sharp.
Look for alternative work methods in order to eliminate or reduce exposure;
Equipment selected will be suitable for the work and will not too small or not powerful enough
ensuring the task is completed as quickly as possible;
New equipment will be of the low vibration type taking into account vibration emission, efficiency
and specific needs.
All employees, to protect themselves against vibration, should keep their hands warm to get a good flow of blood
into their fingers; however gloves should not be relied upon solely to provide protection from vibration.
33.

DEMOLITION WORK

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Demolition is not just one of the most dramatic operations, it can also, by its very nature, be one of the most
dangerous. Demolition work varies very widely from the controlled collapse of large structures, to the hand
demolition of walls. All large-scale demolition is to be completed by competent contractors. Demolition carried
out by this company is limited to small-scale internal demolitions e.g. forming new openings etc. Suitable and
sufficient steps will be taken to ensure that any demolition works are planned and carried out under the
supervision of a competent person. Where employees are required to carry out demolition work they must follow
the rules provided within this section in the interests of their own safety and those of work mates, other
contractors and third parties etc.
See Site Safe and You pages 56-57
34.

SCAFFOLD INSPECTION

Scaffolds are to be designed, erected, altered and dismantled by a competent scaffolding contractor.
A handover certificate is required from the contractor prior to use.
Employees should refer to the scaffolding section in Site Safe and You for the erection, inspection of scaffolding
(incorporating a basic checklist), rules to ensure that when working on scaffold employees are protecting
themselves and those working around them Site Safe and You page 9 17.
A competent person completes the scaffolding inspection checklist immediately following its installation or
assembly, at intervals of not less than every seven days thereafter and after any exceptional circumstances that
are liable to jeopardize the safety of the scaffold, such as severe weather
A copy of the inspection checklist is returned by the person undertaking the inspection to the Site Manager within
24 hours and thereafter retained in a readily retrievable manner at the site until work at that location is
completed, following which it is to be kept for at least three further months at Head Office
Any deficiencies identified through the inspection are rectified as soon as is reasonably practicable and/or,
where the deficiencies are more serious, access onto the scaffold is prohibited until remedial work can be
undertaken.
NOTE ON COMPETENCE:
A person competent to erect scaffolds is someone with appropriate aptitude, sufficient experience of and
familiarity with the scaffold system being used to enable them to safely erect the scaffold so that it safely
performs the function required of it. The competent scaffolder must also be capable of partially and fully
dismantling the scaffold in a safe manner.
A person competent to inspect scaffolds is someone with appropriate aptitude and sufficient experience
of and familiarity with scaffolding to enable them to identify areas of unacceptable risk, inform the
relevant personnel of their conclusions and complete the checklist form included in the Site Manual or
the Scaffold Register, both are kept on site.
35.

SITE INSPECTION

Managers must ensure that:


A competent person completes the site inspection checklist at the start of each working week;
A copy of the inspection checklist is retained in a readily retrievable manner;
A copy of the inspection checklist is returned by the person undertaking the inspection to the Manager
within 24 hours and thereafter retained in a readily retrievable manner at the site until work at that location
is completed, following which it is to be kept for at least three further months at Head Office;
Any deficiencies identified through the inspection are rectified as soon as is reasonably practicable and/or,
where the deficiencies are more serious, work is stopped until remedial work can be undertaken;

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A competent person is someone with appropriate aptitude and sufficient experience of and familiarity with
construction site work involving the processes, plant & equipment concerned to enable them to identify
areas of unacceptable risk, inform the relevant personnel of their conclusions and complete the checklist
form.
36.

MOBILE PLANT AND SITE TRANSPORT

See Provision and Use of Work Equipment and/or the Site Manual kept in the site office or at Head Office.
See Site safe and You page 42 55
37.

EXCAVATORS AND QUICK HITCHES

Where Anwyl Construction use excavators equipped with quick-hitches, we are responsible for ensuring that the
requirements of Health, Safety law that relates to its safe use and operation are satisfied, whether we have
hired-in the plant or whether it has been hired by another contractor. Occasionally a client may hire site plant or
one of their contractors may do so but this does not remove the legal obligations imposed on Anwyl
Construction if we are performing the role of Principal Contractor.
As Principal Contractor we are responsible for ensuring safe systems of work are in place for the use of quickhitches on our sites irrespective of who has hired the equipment.
Directors and site managers are responsible to establish and maintain management systems that will ensure
that the organization complies with the legal obligations placed upon it.
38.

PERMIT TO WORK

The person completing the permit to work must ensure that he or she has sufficient knowledge of the type of
work to be done and the circumstances under which it will be done to understand the risks involved. Where the
work concerned involves aspects of risk with which the permit issuer is unfamiliar, he or she must refer these
matters to a colleague who possesses the necessary knowledge and experience to authorize those elements of
the proposed activity.
The person issuing the permit to work should discuss relevant risk assessment, safe systems of work, method
statements and/or any other necessary documentation with the persons who are going to take charge of the
operations.
Between the permit issuer and the persons in charge of the work, the conditions for safe working to be set out in
the permit to work will be agreed.
The permit to work should not be issued for longer than is necessary to complete the work and in no case for
longer than one working week. Where a permit to work is issued for week, it should be subject to a specified
process of review each day, or when the conditions of work materially alter, for example, following adverse
weather conditions.
The permit issuer is responsible to ensure that the persons to whom the permit to work is issued are aware of
and understand the risks and the precautions to be observed.
One copy of the permit is to be retained by the issuer; a second copy is to be retained by the person accepting
the permit (the person in charge of the operations) and if it is reasonably practicable to do so, a third copy of the
permit is be posted in a prominent position by the entrance to the work area.
The person issuing the permit remains responsible for all administrative matters relating to the permit until it
expires or is cancelled.
When the permit has expired or is cancelled, the person issuing the permit shall ensure that the permit acceptor
has signed the relevant hand-back section before (where appropriate) checking the completed work and work
area and countersigning the hand-back section of the permit.

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If the persons in charge of the work to which a permit to work relates request an extension of the period of its
validity, the person issuing the permit must satisfy him or herself that the work can continue to be undertaken
safely under the same conditions as applied under the original permit. If that is not the case, alterations to the
precautions to be taken should be agreed between the issuer and acceptor of the permit. The permit extension is
to be agreed for a specified period and signed-off by the issuer and acceptor.
Responsibilities of Persons Accepting Permits to Work

39.

Cooperate and consult with the person issuing the permit to work, making all relevant
documentation available to the permit issuer for his/her inspection

Ensure that the conditions of the permit to work are understood and adhered to by all persons
engaged in the work to which the permit relates

Cease working when the permit expires, ensure all persons for whom they are responsible have
withdrawn from the work area and return their copy of the permit to the issuer with the handback section completed and signed

Consult the permit issuer if an extension to the time period specified in the permit is
exceeded before working beyond the permit validity period.

GENERAL SAFETY PROCEDURES AND DUTIES


Operatives should on commencement of employment, be issued with all the relevant Health, Safety
and Environment details regarding site and Anwyl Construction Company Limited work.
Main responsibilities are to:

Use the correct tools and equipment for the job, use safety equipment and protective clothing
supplies, e.g. helmets, goggles, ear protection, respirators etc. as instructed.

Keep Anwyl Construction tools in good condition.

Report to their Supervisor any unsafe or unhealthy condition or any defects in plant or
equipment.

Develop a personal concern for safety - for themselves and for others, particularly new starters
and young people.

Avoid improvising which entails unnecessary risks.

Warn new starters of known hazards.

Refrain from horseplay and the abuse of welfare facilities.

Suggest ways of eliminating hazards.

Not to operate any item of plant unless they have been specifically trained and are authorised to
do so by the Senior Management or site management.

Not to change abrasive wheels unless they have been trained and authorised to do so.

Co-operate with Anwyl Construction management and the Health Safety Executive Inspector in
the investigation of any accident or dangerous occurrence.

Set a personal example by wearing appropriate protective clothing on site.


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Sub-Contractors and Self Employed


All workers on site working directly or indirectly under the control of the company shall be required to work to the
general standards laid down in this section of the Health, safety and Environment policy.
These standards apply to the employed and self-employed. Failure to employ the good site practices described
in this manual and section may result in contracts being reassessed, or other sanctions being employed by
Anwyl Construction to restore the requisite safety standards on site.
Managers responsible for the selection of sub-contractors ensure that sub-contractors selected for the work are
competent to carry out their duties under the Health, Safety and Environment at Work etc Act 1974 and any
other safety requirements which may be applicable to their particular type of work.
Planning and Design
Consideration will be given at the planning and design stages, to the hazards associated with the work to be
carried out and due account will be taken of the Anwyl Construction Safety Advisors advice on such matters and
the measures which may be necessary to provide for the safe conduct of the operations.
Safe Place of Work
All access routes must be kept free from obstruction and, where necessary maintained with adequate lighting.
Work areas must be kept tidy and materials stored safely.
At all workplaces safe means of access to and egress from all working areas are to be provided and maintained.
Adequate provisions must be made at all times to prevent slips, trips and falls particularly from height.
Safe Systems of Work
Employees who are responsible for the supervision of other employees and sub-contractors are required to
identify, provide and maintain safe systems of work. Employees who are responsible for the provision and
maintenance of safe systems of work must ensure that any change in a previously established safe system of
work is reported to the workplace manager who is responsible for ensuring that the modified system is safe and
without risk to health.
Standard procedures are available from the Manager/Supervisor, covering work recognised as having special
risks. These standard procedures supplement this general policy document.
Machinery, Plant and Equipment
Employees responsible for the supervision of operations involving the use of machinery, plant and equipment
must ensure that it is used correctly and is safe without risks to health.
Checks must be made to ensure that operators are competent and, where required, arrangements for training
made.
All Anwyl Construction machinery, plant and equipment must be inspected, serviced and maintained as
necessary. Certification must be obtained / provided for the item of machinery, plant or equipment as
appropriate.
Vehicles
Only trained and authorised persons over 18 years may drive Anwyl Construction vehicles or plant on site.
Drivers of Anwyl Construction cars are responsible for ensuring that they are maintained in a safe and
roadworthy condition.
Electricity
If 240v electrical supply is used then Residual Current Detectors (RCDs) are to be fitted either to portable tool,
extension lead(s) or wall mounted socket. Regular operational checks are to be carried out at regular intervals.
Security
All workplaces must be secure at the end of each working day, and at any other time that the site is to be left
unattended. Where there is an enhanced risk of children using ladders or scaffolds to climb to high levels,
access at ground level and the site in general should be prevented by a suitable barrier or fence.

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Medical and Welfare Facilities


First Aid and welfare arrangements shall be in compliance with First Aid Regulations 1981 and the Approved
Code of Practice.
Employees responsible for the supervision of other employees must ensure that adequate facilities and
arrangements are provided in respect of first aid and welfare and that these facilities are adequately maintained
in a satisfactory condition.
Sites shall be provided with a First Aid Kit held by the Site Manager or other appointed person and will contain
(at least) the scale of equipment in accordance with the Regulations. In either case, employees shall be advised
of the arrangements which shall be recorded in writing.
Monitoring Of the Workplace
The external Health, Safety and Environment advisors and Manager/Supervisors will carry out inspections of all
company workplaces, give guidance and advise managers on all aspects of health safety and welfare. Reports
will be presented if required, after all such inspections.
All serious accidents will be investigated by both the Health, Safety and Environment advisor and a senior
representative of the company. Reports will be produced with recommendations to prevent a recurrence.
Accident information will be recorded and analysed in order to assess trends and performance. This information
will be communicated to all employees.
Each workplace will appoint a member of staff responsible for the management of Health, Safety and
Environment issues. Where workplaces do not allow the appointment of such a person then the workplace
manager will be deemed to be that person. Any such person will have received adequate training to enable
them to carry out their duties under the Health, Safety and Environment at Work etc Act 1974.
Protection of the Environment
Anwyl Construction will endeavour to conduct our undertaking in such a way that adverse effects to the
environment will be avoided or minimised so far as is reasonably practicable.
Employees will be informed on all environmental aspects and issues as they affect our undertaking, and
standard operating practices will be employed to control the pollution of the working and general environment
from noise, dust and hazardous substances.
Due care and attention will be given to the protection of all waste courses from spillage and wastes arising from
our workplaces.
All waste materials from site will be handled by registered waste carriers in accordance with the Duty of Care
Requirements contained in the Environmental Protection Act and supporting` legislation.
Leptospirosis
This is a serious (occasionally fatal) infection transferred to humans from rats and cattle. Although extremely
rare in the construction industry any work environment that may expose you to rat or cattle urine will pose a risk.
The bacteria can enter the body through cuts and abrasions, mouth, throat and eyes.
Prior to work in any suspect area Anwyl Construction will ensure that the area is free from vermin, have good
welfare facilities in place and the site manager will insist on good personal hygiene.
If you are unsure about the working environment contact the site manager and health & safety advisor
immediately and report any flu-like symptoms to your doctor without delay; early diagnosis and treatment are
vital with the illness greatly shortened by appropriate antibiotic treatment.

Health Hazards
Some aspects of construction work may result in health problems if we do not adequately protect our employees.
Such health problems include:

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hazardous substances can cause illnesses such as asthma from the use of solvents in paints,
adhesives and pesticides and dermatitis by an allergy to chromates present in cement;

asbestosis through incidental exposures;

musculo-skeletal problems;

noise induced hearing loss and;

hand-arm vibration its most well known form is vibration white finger (VWF);

pressurised working conditions can lead to stress.

To combat this, the company has in place procedures for dealing with these hazards, including health
surveillance as well as providing welfare and hygiene facilities.
Woodworking Safety
Workshop personnel use power tools such as saws, drills, routers, planers, sanders, and lathes along with hand
tools such as chisels, carvers, and augers to shape wood into functional objects for the Housing and
Contracting Division.
Training on the power and hand tools that you work with is mandatory and will be carried out by the Workshop
Manager. Read any manuals and make sure that you understand and follow the instructions. Always
inspect your tools before each use. Make sure that power cords are in good shape with proper grounding.
Tag-out, discard, or repair the tools if they are not in good working order. Make sure that cutting blades and
surfaces are clean and sharp to give you the best control. Conduct periodic maintenance on the tools
depending on the amount of use they get. Wear appropriate, close-fitting clothing and tie back long hair for
woodworking. Avoid jewellery and loose clothing that could be pulled into moving and rotating parts. Wear
slip-resistant footwear to prevent falls. Safety glasses protect your eyes from sawdust and flying objects.
Dust masks and a well-ventilated work area protect your lungs from inhaling small wood particles. Hearing
protection protects your ears from the noise of the shop. Close-fitting work gloves, when appropriate, can
protect your hands when handling materials.
Use safe work practices when woodworking. Think first before you place your materials or your hands near the
cutting blade. Pay attention to the cutting blade the entire time until your cut is completed. A distraction while
watching television, listening to the radio, or talking to a co-worker or customer can lead to a lost finger or hand.
Keep your hands away from the blade or moving parts by using push sticks or other guides to move materials
into the cutting area.
Always remove any object that could cause the materials to jam or kick-back. Secure your materials to the
work surface to avoid having the material and/or the cutting blade slip when you apply pressure to it. If your saw
or other machine is resisting the cut, dont force the material through. Stop and investigate the problem. Always
give the power tool time to run down and the blade to completely stop before you try to handle it. Turn the power
off completely and lockout-tag out before you clear a jam or clean a machine. Never leave power cutting
equipment running while unattended.
Keep your woodworking shop a safe place from slips and trips with good housekeeping. Make sure that power
cords are coiled neatly and out of pathways. Keep your work area clean and clutter-free. Clean up spills
immediately. Keep sawdust to a minimum by cleaning regularly through the day.
Use neutral postures and avoid awkward reaches or positions to avoid ergonomic injuries. Rotate your tasks
throughout the day and where necessary wear anti-vibration gloves to prevent hand-arm vibration syndrome.
Power Tools
The use of power tools is an everyday occurrence on site and the following should be followed:
Read everything, manuals contain essential advice on how to operate and maintain your new power tool. This is
especially important if this is your first tool of this type.
Do not use inappropriate tools. Do not try to make do with tools that are not designed to do to job.
When not using a power tool switch it off at the wall to avoid accidental activation.

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If using a drill with a chuck key always remove the key from the chuck. A flying chuck key can
cause some nasty injuries.
If using cutting or grinding discs make sure you have the correct disc for the material being
cutting to avoid shattering.
Use the appropriate safety gear. Gloves, goggles, boots etc.
Ensure others know what you are doing and what areas to avoid while you are working.
Make sure that your electrical supply is safe. Check the condition of any cables, extension leads,
plugs and sockets before commencing work.
Ensure that electric cables to not cause a tripping hazard.
Ensure that electric cables are well out of the way from the material you intend to cut.
Never use electric power tools in wet conditions.
Ensure that a power tool has completely come to a stop before placing the tool down or inspecting
its settings. It is a good idea to unplug a tool before making an adjustment to avoid accidental
activation.
Do not carry a power tool by its power cord, this can loosen any connection inside the machine
and a fall could find the business end of the tool being introduced to parts of your body.
Clamp everything down, if drilling or cutting do not rely purely on hand pressure alone to keep the
work piece from moving.
Avoid drilling into household services by using a pipe/cable detector on walls and floors etc.
Keep children away from all tools.
If using a tool that produces sparks or hot material, do so only in an area with no flammable
material or liquids.
Keep your work area generally tidy, excess mess can cause trips and other accidents.
Keep your work area well lit.
Do not be temped to remove or hinder any safety features on power tools. They are there for a
reason.
If cutting through old wood ensure that all nails and screws have been removed, if a circular saw
blade hits one it can cause the saw to jump.
Always make clear marks where you intend to cut or drill. This will enable you to concentrate on
the job in hand rather that have to keep checking your alignment.
If you feel fatigued or if your concentration wanders then stop working.
Do not have any loose clothing, tie long hair back. Remember anything that gets caught in a power
tool can quickly cause bodily damage.
If a tool appears damaged or makes an unusual sound when running then do not use that tool until
you are sufficiently convinced of its condition.
Do not attempt to repair power tools yourself unless qualified to do so.
Always use proper support when cutting large work piece. Your own body is not proper support,
enlist the help of another to provide safe support if required.
Power tools with a plastic outer casing are considered to be double insulated and may not require
electrical grounding, however, this does not eliminate the risk of a shock.
Cartridge Tools
Fact:

Cartridge tools are potentially lethal if misused.

Before Use of Cartridge Tools

You must be trained, over 18, with a Certificate of Authority.


Read maker's instructions carefully, before using a tool.
Load tool with barrel pointing away from you
Never walk around with a loaded tool, load on the job!

Hazards When Using Cartridge Tools

Cartridge too powerful for the task.

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Firing into structural voids.


Material being fired into, too thin!
Changes in the consistency in the material.
Firing into hole of previously attempted fixing.
Trying to fix into excessively hard material.
Tool not being held square to surface.
Fixing too near edge of material.

Safe Use of Cartridge Tools

Always wear PPE when using cartridge-operated tools.


Hold the tool at right angles to the job when firing.
Check the material that the bolt is to be fired into.
Carry out a test fire first. Check there is nobody behind the target.
Allow at least 75mm from edges of concrete or brickwork.
Ensure complete splinter guard is resting on work surface.
Never place your hand over the end of the barrel.
In the event of a misfire wait a minute, refire. If nothing happens, wait a further minute
before unloading.

Keep tool clean and well oiled.


Never leave a tool loaded.
Cartridges must be kept under lock and key in safe place.
Do not leave cartridges on the floor, dispose of them properly.

After Use

Portable Electric tools


Portable electric tools are a convenient aid to many occupational activities. However, the necessity to use
flexible cables to supply electricity to the tool introduces hazards. For example such cables are often misused
and abused resulting in damaged insulation or broken or exposed conductors. The tool itself could also become
unsafe if, say, its metalwork became charged with electricity due to a fault. Constant care and adequate
maintenance and storage are essential to safe use.
Of the hand-held power operated electrical tools, the most common are the electric drill and portable grinding
wheel. The major safety requirement for portable tools is contained in regulation 13 which requires that:
The flexible cables (or cords as they are increasingly called) must be connected to the source of
supply by proper connections and connectors (plugs and so on). This means not only that the
connectors are designed to appropriate British standards, but that the cable is properly connected
up and the sheath firmly clamped
The metalwork of portable apparatus should be efficiently earthed. This is best effected by using
an earth core of the flexible cable. Flexible conduit is not considered suitable for providing an
earth connection. An alternative to a straight earth connection is the use of a 110V supply with a
centre tapped to earth. In this circuit a suitable transformer is used with the mid-point of its
secondary 110V winding connected to earth; thus the effective shock voltage is reduced to 55V - a
relatively safe level. Site use will always be 110V.
It is essential that portable apparatus is properly maintained, with the earth core of the flexible
cable and associated earth connections being tested regularly by a competent person using a
substantial current (special test sets are available) to ensure continuity and strength of the
earthing.
Equipment to the relevant British Standard, of the double-insulated or all-insulated types need not
be earthed.
Electrocution
Portable tools are used extensively on sites and maintaining them and their connecting cable sin good repair is a
critical factor of their safe use. Electrocution occurs when the body acts as a conductor from a power line and
earth, often because the earth connection on the tool has broken. All portable tools must be securely earthed or

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be of double or all insulated construction and the plug on the lead must be correctly fused. Unfortunately it is
frequently difficult to keep track of every item, so reliance has to be placed on the person using them.
Protection for 240V supplies can be obtained by the use of residual current devices (9RCDs) either in the supply
circuit or on the connection to the particular equipment. In addition, on construction sites 240V supplies should
be carried by armoured, metal-sheathed or other suitably protected cables.
The greatest protection from electrical shock on construction sites is through the use of a reduced voltage
system. Where portable hand held tools are used this is essential and the system recommended is 110V ac with
the centre point of the secondary winding tapped to earth, so that the maximum voltage of the supply above
earth will be 55 V which normally is reckoned to be non-fatal. A further alternative is to use a low voltage supply
at 24V, but in this case, because of the low voltage, the equipment rends to be heavier than with higher voltages.
The risk of electrocution from power tools in increased if they are used in wet conditions.
Fire
Usually caused through overloading a circuit, frequently because of wrong fusing. Repeated rupturing of the fuse
should be investigated to find the cause rather than replacing the blown fuse by a larger one in the hope that it
will not blow again. A second cause can be through water getting into contact with live apparatus and causing a
short circuit which will result in overheating of one part of the system. Where electrical heaters are used on sites,
they should be of the non-radiant type, i.e. tubular, fan or convector heaters. Multi-bank tubular heaters used for
drying clothes should be protected to prevent clothing, paper etc. being placed directly on the tubes. This
protection can be achieved by enclosing the heaters in a timber frame covered with wire mesh.
Glare
Not usually recognised as a hazard, glare can prevent a user from seeing clearly what is happening and it can
cause patches of darkness in access ways that prevent operators from seeing the floor or obstacles. Electric arc
welding flash can cause a painful condition known as 'arc-eyes', so welding operations should be shielded by
suitable flame resistant screens.
40.

SMOKING POLICY

This policy has been developed to protect all employees, customers and visitors from exposure to secondhand
smoke and to assist compliance with the smoke-free legislation made under the Health Act 2006.
Exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risk of lung cancer, heart disease and other serious illnesses.
Policy
It is the policy of Anwyl Construction Company Ltd that all our workplaces are smoke-free and that all employees
have a right to work in a smoke-free environment. Smoking is therefore prohibited in all enclosed and
substantially enclosed premises in the workplace.
This also includes company vehicles used by more than one person, even if they are used at different times.
Specific designated smoking areas will be set up on site with all site personnel informed at the site induction as
to the designated area location and the strict no smoking rules with particular regard to sites where timber frame
structures are being erected.
Implementation
All Company personnel are obliged to adhere to, and support the implementation of this policy which further
includes consultants, contractors and visitors to site or Head Office.
Appropriate no-smoking signs will be clearly displayed at the entrances to and within the premises, and in all
smoke-free vehicles.
Non-compliance
Local disciplinary procedures will be followed if a member of staff does not comply with this policy.
Those who do not comply with the smoke-free law may also be liable to a fixed penalty fine and possible criminal
prosecution.

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Help to stop smoking


The NHS offers a range of free services to help smokers give up. Visit http://www.gosmokefree.co.uk/ or call the
NHS Smoking Helpline on 0800 169 0169 for details.

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