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# Thermodynamics Homework 10 Solutions

1. A two-stage compressor is used to compress air. The air is first compressed from 100 kPa to a medium pressure of 600 kPa. Its initial temperature is 15C. Some of the air (20%) is then fed to a process requiring air at 600 kPa, and the remaining air is further compressed to a high pressure of 800 kPa. The compressor requires 32 kW of power. (a) Draw a process diagram, (b) draw the process on a T-S diagram, (c) determine the temperatures of the medium- and high-pressure air streams, (d) determine the mass flow rate of air into the compressor. The compressor is adiabatic and reversible.

Assumptions: Ideal Gas Constant Heat Capacity Isentropic (reversible, adiabatic) compression

(15+273)*6^(0.375/1.375) = 469 K

## Pressure increased by a factor of 8 in high-pressure stream.

(15+273)*8^(0.375/1.375) = 508 K

## 32 / (0.8*1.1*(235-15) + 0.2*1.1*(196-15)) = 0.137 kg/s

2. Steam expands reversibly and adiabatically in a turbine at a rate of , entering at and and leaving at . After exiting the turbine, it flows through a throttling valve, exiting the process as a saturated vapor at . Assume kinetic energy changes are negligibly small. a. Draw the flow diagram. b. Draw the process on a T-S diagram and a P-H diagram, what phase is the stream exiting the turbine? c. What is for the turbine? d. What is rate of entropy generation for the entire process?

## 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 -1.0

Water

T [C]

8000 kPa

1000 kPa

100 kPa

0.1

1.2

2.3

3.4

4.5

5.6

6.7

7.8

8.9

10.0

s [kJ/kg-K]
10
5

10

1
270C
7.1

10

200C

2
150C

7.8

k kJ/

g-K

P [kPa]

10

110C

10

1
0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8

10

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

h [kJ/kg]

The valve is not adiabatic (heat must have been lost from the valve to reduce its enthalpy from 2 to 3).

3. Air flows into a throttling valve and turbine at a rate of 55 L/s at a temperature of 200C and a pressure of 5 MPa. It is exhausted from both devices at atmospheric pressure. 20% Turbine Throttling of the air flows through the throttling valve. The turbine is Valve adiabatic and has an isentropic efficiency of 76%. a. What is rate of entropy generation for the entire process? b. Draw the state transitions across the valve and the turbine on a T-S diagram and on a P-H diagram. c. Determine the power generated by the turbine. d. Determine the rate entropy is generated by the valve and by the turbine.

valve

turbine

b. c.

## (200+273.15)*(101.3/5000)^(0.4/1.4) = 155 K 155 - 273.15 = -118 C

0.76*0.8*2.03*1.005*(200+118) = 394 kW