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Polimodal Adultos-Ingles I

1- Pronombres personales
I : YO
You : tu
He: el
She : ella
It: se lo utiliza para un animal/objeto
We: nosotros/as
You : ustedes
They: ellos/as
2- Verb TO BE (ser o estar)
El verbo To BE tiene tres formas en el presente: AM, IS, ARE. Y cada uno de ellos se
lo utiliza con un pronombre particular.
Forma afirmativa
I

am / m

You

are /re

ej: I am a doctor. (abreviado: Im a doctor.)


You are a student.

He
She

is /s

Hes your teacher.

It
We
You

are /re

They are dentists.

They
Exercise 1:Complete the following sentences with the correct form of the verb TO BE.
(complete las oraciones con la forma correcta del verbo TO BE)
a- Shemy sister.
b- Theyin the park.
c- Susan and Mathew areat School.
d- Juanyour boyfriend.
e- Wehere cleaning the house.
f- Iyour best friend.
g- Roberta police officer.

h- Samantha and Charles at the cinema.


i- Monica there.
j- Youin the next row.
k- Lucasa journalist.
l- Ifrom Canada.
m- Theyfrom the USA.
n- NildaGerman.
o- Maradona a football player.
p- The dogin the garden.
q- Itin the kitchen.
r- The computerin your bedroom.
s- Juan and Danielgood-looking.
t- Ibetween the church and the bank.
Negative form
Lo unico que hago para hacer la oracion negativa es agregarle la particula NOT despus
del verbo TO BE (AM/IS/ARE).
I

am not/ m not

You

are not/ arent

ej: I am not a doctor. (abr: Im not a doctor.)


You are not a st. (You arent a student.)

He
She

is not/isnt

He is not your teacher. (He isnt your teacher.)

It
We
You

are not/arent

They are not dentists. (They arent dentists.)

They
Exercise 2: Rewrite the previous sentences in ex 1 in their negative forms. (pasa las
oraciones anteriores en el ejercicio 1 a negativas).
a-
b-
c-
d-
e-
f-

g-
h-
i-
j-
k-
l-
m-
n-
o-
p-
q-
r-
s-
t-
Questions
Para hacer las preguntas lo nico que pasa adelante de la persona es el verbo TO BE.
Ej: I am a teacher.
She is here.
They are twins.

Am I a teacher? Yes, I am. /No, Im not.


Is she here? Yes, she is. /No, she is not (isnt).
Are they twins? Yes, they are./ No, they are not (arent).

Exercise 3: pasa las oraciones del ejercicio 1 a preguntas.


a-
b-
c-
d-
e-
f-
g-
h-
i-
j-
k-
l-
m-
n-

o-
p-
q-
r-
s-
t-
EXERCISE 4: completa las oraciones con la forma correcta del verbo TO BE, puede estar
en afirmativa, negativa o pregunta.
a- She(X) a model.
b- you his secretary?
c- Theymy friends.
d- Ita big house.
e- Julian from Italy?
f- We(X) in the court.
g- Rodolfo and Miryam here with me.
h- I(X) a lawyer.
i- the cat on the roof?
j- Mateo and Lucas(X) in the park.
3- Pronombres demostrativos
Los pronombres demostrativos nos indican si un objeto, cosa o persona est lejos o cerca
de nosotros. Ellos son

SINGULAR

*THIS IS : esto/esta es (CERCA)

ej: This is a bike.

*THAT IS: aquel/aquella/aquello (lejos) That is a bike.


Nota: las flechas me indican si los objetos estn cerca o lejos.

PLURAL

*THESE ARE: estos/estas son (cerca) ej: These are bikes.


*THOSE ARE: aquellas/aquellos son (lejos) Those are bikes.
A-Choose the correct alternative. (Elije la opcion correcta)

1-Is this/that a mobile phone?


2-These/Those are books.
3-Are that/those pencils?
4-That/these is a pen.
5-Those/this are schoolbags.
6-These/this are computers.
B-Complete with THIS/THAT/THESE/THOSE.
1-a skateboard.
2-are cameras.
3-is a turtle.
4-is a computer.
5-are pens.
6-is a schoolbag.
C- Complete the chart with the correct sentence. (completa el cuadro con la oracin
correcta)
Singular

Plural

1- That is a car.

1-

2-

2-These are dolls.

3-This is your house.

3-

4-

4-Those are books.

5-

5-Those are calculators.

6-This is my rubber.

6-
4- Verb HAVE GOT(tener)
Forma afirmativa

Al igual que el verbo TO BE, al verbo HAVE se lo conjuga de acuerdo a los pronombres.
I

have got /ve got

ej: I have got a car. (abreviado: Ive got a car.)

You

have got /ve got

You have got books.

He
She

has got /s got

He has got a baby. (abreviado: Hes got a baby)

Nota: HE/SHE/IT utiliza HAS GOT

It
We
You

have got /ve got

they have got houses.

They
Forma negativa
I

have not got / havent got

You

ej: I have not got a car.

have not got /havent got

You have not got books.

He
She

has not got /hasnt got

He has not got a baby.

Nota: HE/SHE/IT utiliza HAS not GOT

It
We
You

have not got /havent got

they have got houses.

They
Preguntas
Lo nico que pasa adelante es HAVE o HAS. Despus la oracin se mantiene igual en las
preguntas.
She has got a van.
They have got courses.

Has she got a van? Yes, she has./ No, she hasnt.
Have they got courses? Yes, they have. No, they havent.

A-Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb HAVE GOT.
1- Shean old boat.
2- Theyfootballs.
3- WeHistory on Mondays.
4- The cata milk plate.
5- Ia computer.
B-Pasa las oraciones anteriores a negativas y preguntas.
Negativas: 1-

2-
3-
4-
5-
Preguntas: 1-
2-
3-
4-
5-
5- Present Simple
Usamos el presente simple para hablar sobre la rutina diaria y las acciones que hacemos
habitualmente.
Affirmative Form: Forma afirmativa

Cuando tenemos los pronombres: I, YOU, WE, THEY el verbo va as como es en


infinitivo.
Ej. I play football.

They wash the dishes.

You help your mother.

Sin embargo cuando tenemos: HE, SHE, IT a los verbos se les agrega S o ES.
(have: este verbo pasa a ser HAS)
Ej: She plays tennis.

He helps his mother.

*Nota: agregamos ES cuando los verbos terminan en:


-o: go

goes

-sh: wash

washes

-ch: watch

watches

-x: fix
-ss: miss

fixes
misses

Atencion: los verbos solamente agregan S o ES cuando tenemos HE,


SHE, IT.
They wash the dishes.

He washes the dishes.

I play football.

She plays football.

We go to school.

He goes to school.

Exercise
1-Complete the following sentences with the verbs in the present simple. (complete las
oraciones en el presente simple)
a- She(go) to School from Monday to Thursday.

b- They(go) to the cinema at the weekend.


c- He(wash) the car.
d- We(wash) the dishes.
e- Jessy(play) tennis on Saturdays.
f- They(play) football on Sundays.
g- Juan(fix) his bike.
h- Maria and I (fix) motorbikes.
i- Ana(watch) TV.
j- Alicia and Mirta (watch) Soap operas.
k- I(visit) my family.
l- Sheila(visit) her family.
m- We(help) him.
n- He(help) his mum.
o- Nelly(have) lunch.
p- They(have) dinner.
q- I(take) shower.
r- Raul(drink) beer.
s- Mary and Peter(eat) sandwiches.
t- Daniel(work) in a factory.
Negative Form: Forma Negativa

Cuando tenemos los pronombres: I, YOU, WE, THEY usamos el auxiliar DON`T
para negar adelante del verbo.
Ej. I dont play football.

They dont wash the dishes.

You dont help your mother.

Sin embargo cuando tenemos: HE, SHE, IT Usamos el auxiliar DOESN`T adelante
del verbo. Pero, al estar el auxiliar, el verbo no necesita ya agregar S o ES.
Ej: She doesnt play tennis.

He doesnt help his mother.

EXERCISES
2-Pasa las oraciones del ejercicio n1 a negativas.
a-
b-
c-
d-
e-

f-
g-
h-
i-
j-
k-
l-
m-
n-
o-
p-
q-
r-
s-
t-
Questions: Preguntas

Cuando tenemos los pronombres: I, YOU, WE, THEY usamos el auxiliar DO para
hacer las preguntas y este, pasa delante de la persona.
Ej. Do I play football? Yes, I do/No, I dont.
Do They wash the dishes? Yes, they do./No, they dont.
Do You help your mother? Yes, you do./ No, you dont.

Sin embargo cuando tenemos: HE, SHE, IT Usamos el auxiliar DOES adelante del
pronombre para realizar la pregunta.
Ej: Does she play tennis? Yes, she does. / No, she doesnt.
Does he help his mother? Yes, he does. /No, he doesnt.

EXERCISES
3-Pasa las oraciones del ejercicio n 1 a preguntas.
a-
b-
c-
d-
e-
f-
g-

h-
i-
j-
k-
l-
m-
n-
o-
p-
q-
r-
s-
t-
2-Complete the following chart in the present simple. (completa el cuadro)
Affirmative

Negative

Question

1-She(eat) an egg.
2-They(have)lunch.
3-I(watch) TV.
4-He(fix) the car.
5-The dog(play) here
VERBS
1-Wake up: despertarse

2-Have: tener

3-Have breakfast: desayunar

3-have lunch: almorzar

4-Have dinner: cenar

6-Go to school: ir a la escuela

7-Eat breakfast: comer el desayuno

8-eat: comer

9-Do my homework: hacer la tarea

10- use/surf the internet: usar el internet

11-go to bed: ir a dormer

12-write: escribir

13-read: leer

14-watch TV: mirar tele

15-listen to music: escuchar musica

16-miss: extraar

17-drink: beber

18-play: jugar o tocar un instrumento

19-sleep: dormir

20-work: trabajar

21-wash: lavar

22-study: estudiar

23-do: hacer

24- swim: nadar

25-sing: cantar

26- dance: bailar

27- talk: hablar

28-walk. Caminar

29-speak: hablar

30-make breakfast: hacer el desayuno

31-go: ir

32-live: vivir

33-have a shower: tomar una ducha

34-teach: ensear

35-drive: conducir

36-tell: contar/decir

37-like: gustar/querer

38-wear: vestir

39-run: correr

40-feel: sentir

41-visit. Visitar

42-help: ayudar

43-cook:cocinar

44-match: unir

45-clean: limpiar

46-close:cerrar

47-sell: vender

48-open: abrir

49-call:llamar

50-climb: trepar

51-tidy: ordenar (un lugar)

52-cry: llorar

53-serve: servir

54-build: construir

55-design: disear

56-deliver: entregar

57-fly: volar

58-treat: tratar pacientes

59-repair: reparar

60-wash: lavar

61-take out: sacar

62-read: leer
6- The time: la hora

Primero decimos los minutos y luego viene la hora.

11:00= Its eleven oclock. (oclock se lo utiliza para decir en punto)


11:15= Its quarter past eleven. (quarter past: y cuarto)
11:20= Its twenty past eleven. (twenty past: veinte minutos pasaron de las once)
11:30= Its half past eleven. (half past: y media)
11:40= Ac tenemos dos formas de decir. 1-Its forty past eleven (pasaron cuarenta
minutos de las once). 2-Its twenty to twelve. (faltan 20 minutos para las 12)

11:15=Its forty five past eleven. (son las 11 y 45) o sino tambien Its quarter to
eleven. (son las 12 menos cuarto)
A- Write the time. (escribe la hora)
a-3:12=
b-6:15=
c-8:30=
d-5:50=
e-10:45=
f-2:00=
Verb CAN (poder)
El verbo CAN no tiene diferencia con las personas, para todas las personas es igual. Sin
embargo para darle coherencia a la oracin, necesita de otros verbos ya que son los que
nos indican cual es la habilidad que poseemos.
Ej: She can swim. (ella puede nadar)
She can not swim. (can not=cant)
Can she swim? Yes, she can./ No, she cant. (el CAN pasa adelante en las preguntas)
Ej: They can run.
They cant run.
Can they run? Yes, they can./ No, they cant.
7- Present Continuous
Usamos el presente continuo para hablar sobre las acciones que estamos haciendo ahora.
Estructura: VERB TO BE (am/is/are) + otro verb con ING.

Affirmative Form
am studying.

He
She

is playing football.

It
We
You

are watching TV.

They
NOTA: el verbo TO BE siempre tiene que estar sino no tiene sentido la oracin. ING:
significa: ANDO/ENDO

Reglas:
*cuando el verbo termina en E se saca la E y directamente se agrega ING. Ej:
make: making
*cuando el verbo tiene una vocal encerrada entre dos consonantes por ej: swim; se dobla
la ltima consonante y se agrega ING: Swim: swimming
*cuando tenemos verbos que terminan en Y, solo se les agrega ING. Ej: play:playing
EXERCISES
5- Completa las siguientes oraciones en presente continuo afirmativo.
a- She(visit) her grandparents.
b- They(help) him.
c- I(fix) a car.
d- Hernan (study) French.
e- Mirna and I (go) to the park.
f- Juliana (write) a book.
g- I(watch) TV now.
h- Lucas(listen) to music.
i- Ann and Nestor (read) a book.
j- We (eat) burgers.

Negative form
am not studying.

AM NOT= m not

He
She

is not playing football.

IS NOT= isnt

are not watching TV.

ARE NOT= arent

It
We
You
They
Usamos la partcula NOT para hacer el negativo despus del verbo TOBE.
EXERCISES
6-Pasa las oraciones del ej 5 a la forma negativa.
a-
b-
c-

d-
e-
f-
g-
h-
i-
j-

Am

Questions
I

studying?

Yes, I am/ No, Im not.

He
Is

She

Yes, he is. /No, he isnt.


playing football?

It

Yes, it is./ No, it isnt.

We
Are

you

Yes, she is. / No, she isnt.


Yes, we are./ No, we arent.

watching TV?

They

Yes, you are. / No, you arent.


Yes, they are./ No, they arent.

Para hacer las preguntas lo nico que pasa adelante es el verbo TOBE (AM/IS/ARE),
despus toda la oracin queda igual.

EXERCISES
7-Pasa las oraciones del ejercicio 5 a preguntas.
a-
b-
c-
d-
e-
f-
g-
h-
i-
j-
8- Vocabulary
Estudiar el vocabulario

1- Nmeros cardinales y ordinales.


Escribe los siguientes nmeros
50:

103:

8:

1,078:

15:

82:

26:

11:

2- Das de la semana
Monday

Sunday
3- Meses del ao

June

February

May

September

December
4- Pases y nacionalidades
Country

Nationality

Italy
Argentinian
Canadian
Australia
Brazil
French
Germany
Japanese
American
Mexico
English
Ireland
Spain
Portugal
Swedish
5- Objetos de la escuela
____________________________
Pen ___________________________
___________________________

Friday

6- Miembros de la familia
Complete:
Male

female

both

grandparents

Father

wife

Son

Brother

Nephew

aunt

7- Verbos
8- Trabajos y profesiones
9- Ropa
10-Colores
9-Personal Questions
1- Whats your name? (nombre)
My name is/ Im
2- Whats your surname? (apellido)
My surname is /Its
3- How old are you? (cuantos aos tiene)
Im
4- Whats your address? (direccion)
Ej: Its 98 Moreno st. / Its
5- Whats your telephone number?
Its
6- When is your birthday? (cumpleaos)
Ej: Its October, 20th. /Its
7- Where are you from? (de donde sos)
Im from
8- Are you German? (sos aleman)
(Cuando pregunta con ARE YOU, tengo solo dos formas para contestar, no
importa si no saben lo que dice, solo contesten de cualquiera de las dos formas.)
Yes, I am. /No, Im not.

9- Where is your father from? (de donde es tu padre)


He is from
10- Where is your sister? (de donde es tu hermana)
She is from
11- Is your mother American?
Yes, she is. /No, she isnt.
12- Is your father a tennis player?
Yes, he is. /No, he isnt.
13- Have you got any children? (tienes hijos)
Yes, I have. /no, I havent.
14- Has your father got a car? (tiene tu padre un auto)
Yes, he has. / No, he hasnt.
15- Do you play football? (juegas al futbol)
Yes, I do. / No, I dont.
16- Does your mother cook? (cocina tu madre?)
Yes, she does. / No, she doesnt.
17- Can you swim? (puedes nadar)
Yes, I can. / No, I cant.
18- Can your brother play the piano?
Yes, he can. / No, he cant.
19- What nationality are you?
Im
20- Whats yur marital status?
Im single(soltero/a).
Im married. (casado/a)
Im in a relationship. (estoy en una relacion.)
21- What do you do? (que es lo que haces?/ cual es tu trabajo?)
Im a doctor./Im an employee(empleado)/im a secretary.
I work in a hospital/office/bank, etc.
22- What does your father do? (que hace tu padre)
He is an engineer/architect/mechanic.
He is retired. (jubilado)