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Per ASHRAE Applications 2003Ch.

12
Parking Garage Ventilation Requirements
and NFPA 88A

CO Demand Ventilation Control vs. Standard Ventilation

& travel time / car seconds

AT 1 CFM /SQ. FT. TOTAL CFM =


L/S TOTAL based on CO demand

L/S TOTAL based on 1 cfm/ft 2


N

CFM @ 25 ppm CO
% cars in operation

Q ( CFM/FT2 )
( Af )
Operating # of Cars
Total # of Cars
Parking Level

ventilation
Area m 2

Height ft
Ht. M

ACH
Av. Time of operation

f
Area ft 2
B1 521 0.5 260.5 22,800 245,328 5 16.40 180 0.002 29.09 0.71 2.61 175,112 82,302 245,328 115,304
521 22,800 245,328 175,112 82,302 245,328 115,304

1. Average cold emission in winter & Summer E = 1.5 Ib/hr


2. Peak Generation Rate G = NE/Af Ib/h*ft2 for parking garage per unit floor area
3. Normalized value of generation using reference value G0 = 5.46 X 10 -3 Ib/h*ft2 f = 100 * G/G0
4. Q = C*f*Seconds CFM/FT2
5. Maximum level of CO concentration C = 1.363 x 10 -4 cfm/ft2 * seconds for 25 ppm CO

6 air changes per hour is no longer a valid criteria - per NFPA 88A 1 cfm / ft2 is needed.
Electrical Requirements for Air Conditioning Systems
Given via phone to Nabil Guindi on January 28, 2001

Retail
Chiller 220 W/m2
160 ft2/Ton
16m2/Ton
1.1 kw /ton
16/1.1 = 14.545 m2/kw
0.0687 kw/m2
68.7 W/m2

Air 8 W/m2
1000 cfm = 1 HP
@ 1 cfm / ft2
HP = 10.79 cfm/m2 / 1000 = 0.01079 hp * 746 w = 8W/m2

Pumps 3.1 W/m2


HP/Ton = 20/300 = 0.066 Hp/ Ton* 746 = 49.7 W/Ton / 16 m2 = 3.11 W/m2
(Previous experience)
Total = 68.7 + 8 + 3.1 = 80 W/m2 X 110%

Say 90 W / m2

Offices
Chiller 44 W/m2
250 ft2/Ton
25 m2/Ton
1.1 kw /ton
25/1.1 = 22.7 m2/kw
0.044 kw/m2
44 W/m2

Air 8 W/m2
1000 cfm = 1 HP
@ 1 cfm / ft2
HP = 10.79 cfm/m2 / 1000 = 0.01079 hp * 746 w = 8W/m2

Pumps 3.1 W/m2


HP/Ton = 20/300 = 0.066 Hp/ Ton* 746 = 49.7 W/Ton / 16 m2 = 3.11 W/m2
(Previous experience)
Total = 44 + 8 + 3.1 = 55.1 W/m2 X 110%

Say 60 W / m2
BUS PLATFORM VENTILATION BASED ON 17 CMF / FT2

AREA CFM / FT2 CFM


52186 17 887162

NOT REALISTIC
FIND ANOTHER METHOD OR TAKE ANOTHER AREA FOR PLATFORM