Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 140

. - . , . . .

2011

378(075.4):811.111
81.432.1-923 625 : , , . .; , . . : . ., . ., . ., .., . ., . ., .., .., . ., . ., . ., .., . ., .., .., . . 625 : / . -., . ... .: , 2011. 140 . , . , . This book is designed for the self-study of university students as well as all those who study English on their own. The purpose of this book is to give students complete and authentic information about the British and American culture in all its aspects and to help them raise their linguo-cultural competence.

ISBN 978-5-4263-0044-6 , 2011 . , 2011

CONTENTS
UNIT 1. BRITISH AND AMERICAN STUDIES TEST. .............. 6 Task 1............................................................................................ 6 Task 2...........................................................................................10 UNIT 2. DISCOVER BRITAIN.....................................................12 Task 1. Britain at a Glance............................................................12 Task 2. Mapping Britain. ...............................................................14 Task 3. U.K. Politics.....................................................................16 Task 4. Introducing Scotland........................................................21 UNIT 3. LONDON. ........................................................................24 Task 1. Buckingham Palace...........................................................24 Task 2. Greenwich and St. Katharines Dock................................25 Task 3. The Tower of London........................................................26 Task 4. St. Pauls Cathedral...........................................................27 Task 5. Westminster and Trafalgar Square......................................28 Task 6. Londons Parks.................................................................28 Task 7. Shopping and Theatre.......................................................29 UNIT 4. THE ROYAL FAMILY.....................................................31 Task 1. Before you watch..............................................................31 Task 2. While you watch. ...............................................................32 Task 3. After you watch.................................................................42 UNIT 5. BRITAINS CASTLES AND PALACES.........................43 UNIT 6. WASHINGTON, D.C.. ....................................................51 Task 1. Before watching................................................................51 Task 2. While watching.................................................................52 Task 3. After watching. ..................................................................53 UNIT 7. SISTER WENDYS STORY OF PAINTING..................56 Task 1...........................................................................................56 Task 2...........................................................................................59 Task 3...........................................................................................61 Task 4...........................................................................................65

Task 5...........................................................................................68 UNIT 8. BEAUTY AND THE BEAST............................................71 UNIT 9. ANASTASIA.....................................................................75 UNIT 10. FILM ROMAN HOLIDAY........................................79 UNIT 11. THE KINGS SPEECH.................................................84 UNIT 12. SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE........................................93 UNIT 13.THE LORD OF THE RINGS. THE RETURN OF THE KING. BEYOND THE MOVIE.......................98 UNIT 14. ITS A LONG STORY..................................................106 UNIT 15. DEAD MANS ISLAND...............................................113 APPENDIX. ..................................................................................119

, , , . 4 (15 Units) (Appendix). , , . 1 (Unit 1) . 2 (Units 2-6, 10, 11). 3 (Units 7-13). 4 (Units 14, 15). (Appendix) ( ). , , - , . .

UNIT 1. BRITISH AND AMERICAN STUDIES TEST

Task 1
Ex I. Choose one of the options. Only one option is correct.

1. What are the four capitals of the countries in the UK? a) London, Dublin, Swansea, Glasgow; b) London, Dublin, Swansea, Aberdeen; c) London, Belfast, Edinburgh, Cardiff; d) London, Belfast, Liverpool, Edinburgh. 2. What is a national emblem of England? a) daffodil; b) shamrock; c) thistle; d) rose. 3. Where is Ben Nevis situated? a) in England; b) in Wales; c) in Scotland; d) in Northern Ireland. 4. Where is the Lake District situated?
6

a) in England; b) in Scotland; c) in Wales; d) in Northern Ireland. 5. What is the British Royal family name? a) Lancaster; b) York; c) Windsor; d) Hanover. 6. What is the most ancient sight in Great Britain? a) the Tower of London; b) Stonehenge; c) Hadrians Wall; d) Warwick Castle. 7. What do British people call La Manche? a) the British Channel; b) the English Channel; c) the French Channel; d) the Irish Channel. 8. When did the Romans first invade Britain? a) in the 5th century AD; b) in the 5th century BC; c) in the 1st century BC; d) in the 1st century AD. 9. What important historical event happened in 1066? a) the Roman invasion; b) the Danish invasion; c) the Battle at Waterloo; d) the Battle at Hastings. 10. When was the British Commonwealth of Nations set up? a) in 1926; b) in 1931; c) in 1950; d) in 1953. 11. In what part of London is St. Pauls Cathedral situated? a) in the West End; b) in the East End; c) in Hampton Court; d) in the City.
7

12. Who is the patron saint of Scotland? a) St. Andrew; b) St. Patrick; c) St. George; d) St. David. 13. Where are the Crown Jewels kept? a) in Buckingham Palace; b) in the Tower of London; c) in Westminster Palace; d) in the British Museum. 14. Who presides over the House of Lords? a) Prime Minister; b) Lord Chancellor; c) Lord Protector; d) the Speaker. 15. Which day is not observed in Britain? a) St. Valentines Day; b) Thanksgiving Day; c) Mothers Day; d) Guy Fawkes Night. 16. When do Scottish people celebrate Hogmanay? a) 31st December; b) 1st May; c) 1st January; d) 4th July. 17. Which character does not belong to the group? a) the White Rabbit; b) the Queen of Hearts; c) the Cheshire-Cat; d) Robin Hood. 18. Which is the longest? a) an inch; b) a mile; c) a kilometre; d) a yard. 19. When do British people eat their Christmas dinner? a) 25th December; b) 7th January; c) 24th December;
8

d) 1st January. 20. Where is the Whispering Gallery situated? a) in Westminster Abbey; b) in the Tower of London; c) in St. Pauls Cathedral; d) in the Houses of Parliament. 21. What is the oldest university in Great Britain? a) Cambridge; b) Oxford; c) Aberdeen; d) London University. 22. What is a public school in England? a) a state-financed school; b) a private school; c) a comprehensive school; d) a religious school. 23. What does RP stand for? a) a learned London society; b) a university degree; c) a sports club; d) Standard British English. 24. What London street is famous for shops? a) Fleet Street; b) Oxford Street; c) Whitehall; d) Strand. 25. What was the original name of the band that became the Beatles? a) the Barron Knights; b) the Mersey beats; c) the Quarrymen; d) the Bugs. 26. Which of the phrases below is the continuation of the proverb If you want a thing done properly ? a) try, try, try again; b) do as the Romans do; c) do it yourself; d) theres a way. 27. Which of the following English proverbs corresponds to ?
9

a) every cloud has its silver lining; b) clothes make the man; c) every bird likes its own nest; d) charity begins at home. 28. Which of the phrases completes the notice of the dog? a) keep out; b) be afraid; c) beware; d) stay away 29. What does the idiom go Dutch mean? a) to leave without saying good-bye; b) to go out for a meal; c) to share the cost of a meal with someone; d) to leave a restaurant without paying for your meal. 30. Which is the right Russian equivalent to the English proverb Birds of a feather flock together? a) ; b) ; c) ; d) .
Ex 2. Give the full names of the organisations:

UN, NATO, EEC, UNESCO, WTO, WB, IOC.

Task 2
Ex 1. For questions 1-15, read the text below and think of the word which best fits each space. Use nly one word in each space.

INTERNATIONAL ENGLISH English is just one of over 2700 languages in the world today. Millions of people are learning English because it is the most important (1) ____ language in the world. 400.000 people speak English as their first language, or the other 600.000 it is either a (2) ____ language or a foreign language. There are more than 500.000 words in the Oxford English (3) ____. When American (4) ____ Voyager began its journey in 1977, it carried a gold disc, on which there were messages from Secretary (5) ____ of the United Nations in English.
10

From the British (6) ____ English spread all over the world, but English has not always been the language of the inhabitants of those islands. When the (7) ____ colonised England in the 1st century of our era, the country was inhabited by the (8) ____, and until he 5th century only Celtic languages were spoken by the people of Britain. In AD 450, a new group of invaders the Angles, (9) ____ and Jutes arrived. They spoke a (10) ____ language which was the ancestor of present-day English. During the 1500 years that have passed since the Anglo-Saxon (11) ____ English has changed very considerably. First it was influenced by the language of the (12) ____(Viking) invaders in the 8th-10th centuries. Then, in 1066, the French duke William the (13) ____ beat the English king Harold at the Battle of (14) ____. After that French words became an important part of English. Modern English evolved from the mingling of the three tongues. Today English (15) ____ is approximately half (16) ____ (from the Saxons and Vikings) and half Romance (from (17) ____ and Latin).
Ex 2. Match each literary character from column A to the author from columnB. There are two extra names in the authors column. A 1. David Copperfield 2. Becky Sharp 3. Jenny Gerhardt 4. Julius Caesar 5. Emma 6. Mr. Gatsby 7. Jane Eyre 8. Rip Van Winkle 9. Ivanhoe 10.Rhett Butler B a) William Shakespeare b) Washington Irving c) William M. Thackeray d) Margaret Mitchell e) Charles Dickens f) Charlotte Bronte g) Francis S. Fitzgerald h) Jane Austin I. Theodore Dreiser j) Lewis Carroll k) Walter Scott l) Jonathan Swift 5 6 7 8 9 10

11

UNIT 2. DISCOVER BRITAIN


A. Task 1. Britain at a Glance
Ex.1. Which of the logos below belong to British companies and organisations?

Ex.2. Match the pictures A-F with the descriptions that follow. What else do you know about each of the landmarks?

1. The second-oldest university in Britain, ranking as one of the top universities in the world. 2. The largest public service broadcaster in Great Britain and the rest of the world, reaching a multi-million audience with its broadcasts in over 40 languages.
12

3. A town in England which hosts the most prestigious tennis tournament in the world. 4. A mountain with its head in the clouds, being the highest mountain in the whole of the British Isles. 5. The Metropolitan Police, responsible for law-enforcement within Greater London. 6. The official residence of the British Prime Minister, from where official announcements are usually made.

13

Ex.3. Mark the following statements as either True (T) or False (F).

1. Great Britain is to host the Summer Olympics in 2012. 2. The Republic of Ireland has been part of the United Kingdom since 1937. 3. The pound sterling is the oldest currency in the world still in use. 4. The United Kingdom is an EU member.

Task 2. Mapping Britain


Ex.1. Locate the following sites on the map and give their Russian equivalents:

Great Britain; England; Scotland; Wales; Ireland; Northern Ireland; the Republic of Ireland;

Western Europe; the British Isles; the English Channel; the Channel Islands; the Isle of Man; the Irish Sea.

Ex.2. You will encounter lots of abbreviations in the activities that follow. Can you guess what they mean?

km sq.

H.M. U.K. mi

GDP e.g. etc.

Ex.3. Complete the table by using the words below.

currency, head of state, area, London, GDP, David Cameron


Official name Capital and largest city Population Prime Minister Currency 14 The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the U.K.) 250,000 sq. km (95,000 sq. mi) 61,000,000 H.M. Queen Elizabeth II Pound sterling () $2,500 trillion (2011)

Ex.4. Watch a short film about Britains geography and climate and answer the following questions.

1. Unlike most of Europe, the United Kingdom is an island country surrounded by the sea. What archipelago comprises the territory of the United Kingdom? What are the two most prominent islands in the archipelago? 2. Name the only land border that separates the United Kingdom from another nation. What water boundary separates Britain from the continent of Europe? 3. In the excerpt, you heard the following terms: England, Great Britain, the United Kingdom. These are often used interchangeably, yet each of them signifies different political and geographic areas. Can you explain the difference? 4. What are the two very distinct regions in Scotland?
Ex.5. Match the capitals in column A with the countries that make up the United Kingdom in column B. There is an extra city in column A that you neednt use. A Belfast Edinburgh Dublin London Cardiff B England Wales Northern Ireland Scotland

Ex.6. The following sentences contain collocations from the film. The first part of the collocations is missing except for the beginning letter. Can you fill in the blanks?

1. Britain has a t.. climate. 2. The Highlands of Scotland are characterised by their r.. terrain. 3. British c.. line is 12,429 km long. 4. Highland Britain has large areas of poor soil and is s.. populated. 5. The p.. winds come from Southwest and bring spells of mild and wet weather. Group work. You have been incredibly lucky to win a flight ticket to Britain in a lottery. You are to arrive at Londons Heath15

row airport in three days. It goes without saying that you are excited. Indeed, you cannot wait to see all the attractions of the country with your own eyes, starting out in the British capital. What a great chance, you exclaim, only to discover that all the inexpensive hotels in London are already fully booked. What would you do? There are a number of options available to you. You can spend a day in London, for example, and then sleep in a bus on your way to Wales. Or you can skip England altogether and proceed directly to Scotland. The choice is yours. Remember, though, that your visa is valid for seven days only and you cannot spend more than 500 on your trip including souvenirs for your family and friends. How will your programme in Britain look like? You can check the following website for excellent ideas and suggestions: www.visitbritain.com.

Task 3. U.K. Politics


Ex.1. In this part of the video, you will learn more about politics in the United Kingdom. Before you proceed, read the following statements and decide whether they are True (T) or False (F).

1. There are two major political parties in Britain. 2. The Church of England and the state are not separated. 3. Formally, the Prime Minister appoints government ministers. 4. The U.K. is a parliamentary democracy. 5. Most members of the House of Lords are elected by popular vote.
Ex.2. Some of the most common words used to talk about Britain and British politics have been blanked out. Can you restore them?

1. The U.K. is located on the B _______ I _______. 2. Formally, Queen Elizabeth II is h _______ of s _______. 3. The two Houses of Parliament in Britain are the H _______ of C _______ and the H _______ of L _______. 4. The leader of the party that won the elections becomes P_______ M _______ and forms the g _______. 5. The Cabinet is collectively r_______ to the House of Commons for its decisions.
16

6. The monarch a _______ government ministers on the advice of the prime minister.
Ex.3. Make sure that you have your political lexicon at your finger tips by matching the following words and collocations (a d) with their definitions (1 4). a) constitutional monarchy b) separation of powers c) parliamentary readings d) a bill 1. A draft law presented to the parliament but not yet passed 2. A form of monarchy which is limited by a constitution and/or laws 3. One of the three stages of introducing and discussing a new bill in the British Parliament 4. The system of vesting powers of the government into the three branches alegislature, an executive, and a judiciary

Ex.4. Watch the video now and check your comprehension by choosing the right answer below.

1. Throughout the second half of the twentieth century, the following two parties have dominated the political scene in Britain: a) the Democratic Party and the Republican Party; b) the Liberal Democrats and the Labour Party; c) the Labour Party and the Conservative Party. 2. In the last decade, there emerged a major political force in Britain: a) the Communist party; b) the Green party; c) the Liberal Democrats. 3. The Parliament meets at: a) the Palace of Westminster; b) Windsor Castle; c) Buckingham Palace. 4. According to the Constitution, Britains head of state is: a) the monarch; b) the Prime Minister; c) the speaker of the House of Commons. 5. Decisions on issues of local concern, including the health and education, are taken:
17

a) by the House of Commons; b) by parliamentary bodies in Wales, Scotland, and Ireland; c) by Her Majestys Government. 6. The main functions of the Parliament are: a) to pass laws, control finance, and examine the work of the Government; b) to draft laws which are then passed by the Government; c) to debate politics and issue statements concerning domestic and international affairs. 7. The British Prime Minister: a) is usually both head of government and member of Parliament; b) only head of government; c) only member of Parliament.
Ex.5. Put the right words in the space provided.

1. judges, dissolves, powers, limited, armed In theory, the British monarch has enormous _______, but in reality they are _______ and the crown follows the advice of the ministers in Parliament. As the official head of state, the monarch formally summons and _______ Parliament. The monarch also serves as head of the judiciary, commander in chief of the _______ forces , and Supreme Governor of the Church of England and the Church of Scotland. Again, in theory, the monarch appoints all _______, military officers, diplomats, and archbishops, as well as other church officers. In reality, all of these appointments are made upon the advice of the Prime Minister. 2. Commons, either, appoints, office, government The Queen _______ the Prime Minister and all other ministers on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. All ministers are members of _______ the House of _______ or the House of Lords. The Prime Minister is a powerful figure. He heads the _______, chooses members of the Cabinet and distributes functions among ministers. He meets the Queen every week to inform her of the general business of the Government. The Prime Ministers _______ is at 10 Downing Street.

18

Ex.6. Give Russian equivalents of the following collocations:

Civil service, a lower chamber, separation of powers, a general election, a governing party, gain a majority of seats in the parliament, form a government, a vote of no-confidence, pass abill, a first reading, provision of services.
Ex.7. Give English equivalents of the following collocations:

, , , , , , , , .
Ex.8. Supply the words that have opposite meanings, e.g. Highland Lowland.

an upper chamber; to summon the parliament; a majority party; absolute monarchy; appoint a minister.
Ex.9. Further reading. The British constitution is a source of confusion for many foreigners. Some of them think Britain has no constitution at all, others say that the country is governed by tradition and precedent. But the reality seems to be much more complicated. Read the following passage and outline the main features of the British constitution

A constitution can be defined as (1) a document which describes the powers and duties of government institutions and the relations between them, or (2) a style of politics, in which there is a balance between the different institutions. It would therefore be unfair to say that Britain has no constitution, but rather that there is no constitution in sense (1). Britains formal constitution is not written down in a single document, it is uncodified. The sources of the British constitution are: Statute. Statute is a law, which is formally written down. It is the largest written part of the constitution. The following matters are all regulated by statute: the composition of the electorate (Representation of the People Acts, 18231928); the relations between the Crown and Parliament (Bill of Rights, 1689), between the two Houses of Parliament (Parliament Act, 1911), between the
19

component parts of the United Kingdom (Act of Union with Scotland, 1707) and between the UK and the EEC (European Communities Act, 1972); and the rights of the individual against the State (Habeas Corpus Act, 1679). Common law, i.e. the system of law which is based on judges decisions and on custom. As a source of constitution it is now less important than statute. Royal prerogative e.g., in the appointment of Ministers, the dissolution of Parliament, the power of pardon, etc. is based on the common law. Judges interpretations of statute law make an important part of the common law. Conventions. These are traditional rules that people follow. For example, the monarch usually appoints as prime minister the leader of the majority party in the House of Commons. It is also a convention that the Sovereign must assent to a bill passed through Parliament, etc.

20

Task 4. Introducing Scotland

A. Edinburgh
Ex.1. Watch the scene and choose the right answer.

1. Wheres Edinburgh situated? a) in England; b) in Scotland; c) in Wales. 2. Which castle was once the residence of the Scottish Royal family? a) Edinburgh Castle; b) Dumbarton Castle; c) Scalloway Castle. 3. How long was Edinburgh Castle the residence of the Scottish Royal family? a) 100 years; b) 1000 years; c) 10 years. 4. What street begins from the castle? a) King Edwards street;
21

b) Queen Elizabeths street; c) The Royal Mile. 5. What is the traditional Scottish dress? a) a skirt; b) a kilt; c) a T-shirt. 6. How much cloth is needed to make a kilt? a) 10 m; b) 9 m; c) 8 m. 7. What is the national musical instrument of Scotland? a) a violin; b) a guitar; c) a bagpipe. 8. When does the Royal family usually visit Edinburgh? a) IN winter; b) in summer; c) in autumn.
Ex.2. Match column A with column B. A 1. The Royal 2. The national 3. bag4. Edinburgh 5. plaid B a) pipe b) Castle c) cloth d) Mile e) dress

B. The Highlands
Ex.1. Watch the scene and chose the right answer.

1. What is important, apart from sports, at the Scottish Olympics? a) music; b) dress; c) brass band parades. 2. When are the Scottish Olympics held? a) in spring; b) in winter; c) in summer.
22

3. What is the uniform dress at the Scottish Olympics? a) a gown; b) a kilt; c) a hat. 4. How long is the caber? a) 5 m; b) 6 m; c) 7 m. 5. How heavy is the caber? a) 50 kilos; b) 60 kilos; c) 100 kilos. 6. What wild animals live in the Scottish mountains? a) red deer; b) bears; c) wolves. 7. What is the biggest fish in the Scottish rivers? a) Trout; b) Salmon; c) Cod. 8. What is Scotland famous for? a) whisky; b) climate; c) restaurants.
Ex.2. Match column A with column B. A 1. The weight of the caber 2. Long thick coat 3. The Loch Ness Monster 4. Scottish whisky B a) believed to be seen in the lake b) made from barley c) worn by the cattle in winter d) 60 kilos

is

23

UNIT 3. LONDON

Watch the film and do the following exercises

Task 1. Buckingham Palace


Ex.1 Watch the scene and choose the right answer.

1. Wheres Buckingham palace situated? a) on the left bank of the Thames; b) in the centre of London; c) in the East End. 2. What ceremony takes place in front of Buckingham Palace? a) of the English Tea; b) of the Keys; c) of the Changing of the Guard. 3. How many guardsmen are there in the new guard? a) thirty; b) forty; c) thirteen. 4. Who enters the gates of the palace first?
24

a) the guardsmen; b) the band; c) the monarch. 5. Whats the job of the police? a) to catch thieves; b) to escort the guardsmen; c) to stop tourists from following the guardsmen. 6. What do the guardsmen wear? a) red coats and black bearskin hats; b) black coats and red hats; c) red coats and silver helmets.
Ex.2. Who is never present at the Changing of the Guard Ceremony?

1. guardsmen; 2. the band; 3. policemen; 4. the Prime Minister; 5. tourists.

Task 2. Greenwich and St. Katharines Dock


Ex.1. Watch the scene and chose the right answer.

1. What can we see in Greenwich? a) a bridge; b) a museum; c) a park. 2. When was the Maritime Museum built? a) in 1672; b) in 1662; c) in 1762. 3. Whats the Cutty Sark? a) a hospital; b) a shop; c) a ship. 4. How long did it take the Cutty Sark to sail from Australia to England? a) 32 days;
25

b) 62 days; c) 72 days. 5. What was St. Katharines Dock in the old days? a) a place to store goods; b) a museum for unusual boats; c) a place for fishing. 6. What did the driver do when the Tower Bridge started to open? a) he drove on; b) he stopped; c) he drove back.
Ex.2. Match column A with column B.

A 1. The Cutty Sark 2. The Maritime Museum 3. St. Katharines Dock 4. The best way to get to Greenwich 5. The machinery for raising the Tower Bridge

B a) by boat b) finished in 1828 c) the fastest merchant ship is/was on the sea d) in south-east London e) in its two towers

Task 3. The Tower of London


Ex.1. Watch the scene and mark the sentences as True (T) or False (F).

1) The Tower of London is situated on the east bank of the river Thames. 2) The Tower was built by William the Conqueror in 1066. 3) The legend says that the kings ghost walks in the Tower at night. 4) The famous Crown Jewels are kept in the Tower. 5) The Walls of the White Tower are thirty meters high. 6) The Tower is guarded by the Warders. 7) The Beefeaters wear the uniform of the royal guards of the year 1600. 8) Soldiers fire guns only on special occasions. 9) The Tower of London frightens tourists.
26

Ex.2. Match column A with column B.

A 2. The most important building in theTower 3. There is a Jewel House 4. The men who guard the Tower 5. Today the Tower no longer frightens Londoners

B b) which contains the famous Crown Jewels. c) are called the Warders or Beefeaters. d) but the guns sometimes frighten visitors. e) who invaded Britain in 1066.

Task 4. St. Pauls Cathedral


Ex.1. Watch the scene and choose the right answer.

1. When was St. Pauls Cathedral built? a) in 1066; b) in 1666; c) in 1610. 2. Where does St. Pauls Cathedral stand? a) in Oxford street; b) in the north of Trafalgar square; c) in the City. 3. How many steps do you have to climb to get to the top of the dome? a) 627; b) 726; c) 267. 4. What is a Whispering Gallery? a) an art gallery; b) a museum; c) an acoustic gallery. 5. Where is Sir Christopher Wren buried? a) in the floor under the dome; b) in the Poets Corner; c) in his native town. 6. What do the Londoners call St. Pauls Cathedral? a) an island of beauty; b) an island of peace; c) an island of hope.
27

Ex.2. Match the questions in A with the answers in B. A 1. Where is St. Pauls situated? 2. When was it built? 3. Who built St. Pauls? 4. How many churches did Sir Christopher Wren build in London? 5. Where is the famous architect buried? B a) Sir Christopher Wren b) In the floor under the dome c) After the Great Fire of 1666 d) In the heart of the City e) More than fifty

Task 5. Westminster and Trafalgar Square


Ex.1. Watch the scene and mark the sentences as True (T) or False (F).

1. Westminster lies on the south bank of the river Thames. 2. There are two Houses of Parliament. 3. William the Conqueror was crowned in the House of Lords. 4. Big Ben is the name of the clock. 5. The best way to see London is from the top of Big Ben. 6. Admiral Lord Nelson won the Battle of Trafalgar. 7. The pigeons in Trafalgar Square are popular with everyone. 8. The National Gallery is situated in Trafalgar Square. 9. Piccadilly Circus is not far from Trafalgar Square.
Ex.2. Watch the scene again and mark the sights in the order you hear about them.

1. Nelsons Column. 2. The National Gallery. 3. Big Ben. 4. Westminster Abbey. 5. The stature of Eros. 6. Whitehall.

Task 6. Londons Parks


Ex. 1 Watch the scene and choose the right answer.

1. Who do Londons parks belong to? a) the royal family; b) people;


28

c) King Henry the Eighth. 2. What is the oldest park in London? a) Hyde Park; b) Regents Park; c) St. Jamess Park. 3. Who had 6 wives? a) Henry the Eighth; b) Richard the Lion Heart; c) Prince Albert. 4. Where are the famous Promenade concerts held? a) Covent Garden; b) The Albert Hall; c) The Globe Theatre. 5. What is the most elegant park in London? a) Green Park; b) Regents Park; c) Kensington Gardens. 6. Wheres London Zoo? a) in Hyde Park; b) in St. Jamess Park; c) in Regents Park.
Ex.2. Choose the phrases on the right which complete the phrases on the left. 1. The major parks were once royal gardens 2. St. Jamess Park is 3. Henry the Eighth was 4. Queen Victoria built the Albert Memorial 5. At any time of the year you can visit the Zoo 6. The Zoos most popular residents are a) the king who had six wives. b) which is situated in Regents Park. c) but today they are for everyone to enjoy. d) the oldest park in London. e) the pandas who come from the mountains of China. f) in memory of her husband.

Task 7. Shopping and Theatre


Ex.1. Watch the scene and mark the sentences as True (T) or False (F).

1. Shopping is very popular with visitors to London.


29

2. The best shops in London are situated in the City. 3. The shops in the streets off Oxford Street are smaller ones. 4. Hamleys is the biggest toy shop in the world. 5. Most London theatres are situated in Trafalgar Square. 6. Tourists can see only Shakespeares plays in London theatres. 7. In the South Bank complex on the other side of the Thames theres classical music, art and cinema as well as theatre.
Ex.2. Out of eight famous places in London cross out the two that are not mentioned in task 7.

1. Oxford Street. 2. The West End. 3. Westminster. 4. Regent Street. 5. Knightsbridge. 6. Hyde Park. 7. Piccadilly Circus. 8. The South Bank complex.
Ex.3. Picture test: match the pictures with the sights.

a) The Tower of London. b) St. Pauls cathedral. c) Regents Park. d) Buckingham Palace. e) Tower Bridge. f) Westminster. g) Trafalgar Square. h) St. Jamess Park.
30

UNIT 4. THE ROYAL FAMILY

Watch the film and do the following exercises

Task 1. Before you watch


Ex.1. Complete the definitions with the words in the box.

To succeed, coronation, funeral, to give tribute, strain, sorrow, accession, proclamation, investiture, betrothed, to abdicate 1. _______ to gain the right to a title, property, etc. when smb. dies. 2. _______ having promised to marry smb.; syn. engaged. 3. _______ a ceremony at which smb. formally receives an official title or special powers. 4. _______ a feeling of great sadness; syn. grief. 5. _______ the act of making an official statement.
31

6. _______ a religious ceremony for burying or cremating a dead person. 7. _______ the act of becoming a ruler of a country, e.g. to the throne. 8. _______ a ceremony at which a crown is formally placed on the head of a new king or queen. 9. _______ worry/anxiety/pressure on smb/smth 10. _______ to show your respect or admiration, especially for a dead person. 11. _______ to give up the position of being a king or queen.
Ex.2. Match the titles and the descriptions.

1. A title of respect used when speaking about or to a king or queen = 2. A nobleman of the highest rank, in Great Britain = 3. A person who has the legal right to receive smbs property or title when that person dies = 4. A male or a female member of a royal family who is not king or queen = 5. His Royal Highness = 6. The ruler of the empire = 7. An officer of middle rank in the army, navy or air force = 8. A bishop of a highest rank, responsible for all churches in a large area = 9. A man with a very high social position, just below that of a prince = Majesty, Heir, Emperor/Empress, Lieutenant, Duke, HRH, Prince/Princess, Queen/King, Archbishop

Task 2. While you watch


Part 1. (Opening credits, the heirs of Queen Victoria, the succession of EdwardVII)
Ex.1. What do these dates and numbers refer to? Watch part I and match the column on the left with the column on the right.

1. Queen Victorias jubilee. 2. Queen Victoria died.


32

a) 25 years b) 1897

3. A number of children Queen Victoria had. c) 1901 4. The Silver Jubilee of any monarch. d) 9
Ex.2. Decide whether these statements are True or False:

1. Queen Victoria was only the Queen of Britain. 2. She was a mother-in-law and grandmother to half of the European Royal families. 3. Her son, Edward VII, was a serious person and was keen on swimming. 4. He improved the relationships with the British enemies France and Germany. Part 2. (The Coronation of George V, George V visits the Kaiser in Berlin, the Great War begins)
Ex.1. Watch Part 2 and put the events in order from 15.

1. In 1913 George V went to visit officially his German cousin Kaiser in Berlin with his wife Mary. 2. During four years of the war George made hundreds of visits to troops on the Western Front. 3. After the death of Edward VII the throne was passed to his eldest surviving son George V. 4. George V succeeded to the throne at the time of constitutional conflict between the Lords and the Commons. 5. His first official act was to visit India for his crowning in Delhi as an emperor.
Ex.2. Complete these extracts with the words and phrases from the box.

judicious act, splendid affair, involve, possess 1. It was a colourful ceremony and a _______. 2. Within a year Britain and half of Europe _______ in the Great War. 3. And the Royal family as the descendants of Hanover line _______ most of them. 4. It must have been _______ in the light of strange relations between Britain and Germany.
33

Part 3. (The birth of the House of Windsor, the investiture of Edward, prince Edward tours England, the wedding of Albert Duke of York, the wedding of the Duke of Kent)
Ex.1. Watch Part 3 and choose the right answer.

1. George V adopted the family name of Windsor in a) 1923; b) 1925; c) 1918. 2. The name Windsor was suggested by a) a Royal Family member; b) people of Britain; c) a member of the House of Lords. 3. The Great World War ended on a) 11 December 1918; b) 11 November 1918; c) 11 November 1923. 4. One of the first post-war acts was to investiture Edward as a) the Duke of Wales; b) the Earl of Wales; c) the Prince of Wales. 5. The wedding of Albert Duke of York was held in a) Westminster Abbey; b) St. Pauls Cathedral; c) Buckingham Palace. 6. The Weather on the day of the wedding was a) bright and sunny; b) dizzy and chilly; c) cold and snowy. 7. Prince George betrothed himself to Princess Marina of a) Scotland; b) Denmark; c) Greece.
Ex.2. Answer the questions:

1. Who.... a) celebrated violently the end of the war?


34

b) became increasingly identified with the British population and industrial cooperation? c) was an absolute angel with an extraordinary magnetic charm according to the words of the Royal family? d) was killed in the air crash 8 years later? Part 4. (The Silver Jubilee of George V, the death of George V)
Ex.1. Watch Part 4 and tick the true statements.

1. 1935 is the year of the Golden Jubilee, 25 years of Georges reign. 2. The ceremony took place in Westminster Abbey. 3. At the age of 69 the king appeared to be quite fit and healthy. 4. His death was not a great shock for public. 5. The body of the king was transported from Westminster to Sandringham by a carriage. 6. The pathetic figure at the procession was his dog. 7. The Kings funeral was held at St. Georges Chapel, Windsor.
Ex.2. Complete these extracts with the words and phrases in the box.

Moan, personal loss, inadequate, sovereign, a Monarch 1. The nation was plunged into _______ . 2. There are times when words seem _______ . 3. The kings death seems to be a _______ to each of us. 4. from childhood in our country we grow up with a figure of our_______ . 5. we have learned to think of him more than _______ . Part 5. (The Proclamation of Edward VIII, Edward and Mrs. Simpson, Edward abdicates, the Coronation of the new King and Queen, the funeral of the Duke of Kent)
Ex.1. Watch Part 5 and choose the right answer.

1. He became King Edward VIII on the death of his father George V a) in January 1936;
35

b) in January 1938; c) in June 1936. 2. The ceremony took place in a) Westminster Abbey; b) St. James palace; c) Buckingham Palace. 3. In November 1936 _______ arose when Edward wished to marry Mrs. Wallis Simpson. a) an economic crisis; b) a financial crisis; c) a political crisis. 4. Edward abdicated in a) November; b) December; c) October. 5. Edward was succeeded by his brother _______ as George VI. a) Albert; b) George; c) John. 6. Prince George, Duke of Kent died in a tragic wartime flying accident near Caithness in Scotland while on active service in a) 1943; b) 1944; c) 1942.
Ex.2. Complete Edward VIII. the extract from the abdication speech of

This _______ has been made less difficult to me by the sure knowledge that _______, with his long training in the _______ affairs of this country and with his fine _______, will be able to take my place forthwith, without _______ or injury to the life and progress of the _______. Part 6. (Second subaltern Princess Elizabeth, the betrothal of Princess Elizabeth, the wedding of Princess Elizabeth, the birth of Charles, the festival of Britain)
Ex.1. What do these dates and numbers refer to? Watch part I and match the column on the left with the column on the right. 36

1.Prince Charles, heir apparent to the throne, was born. 2.The couple were married in Westminster Abbey. 3.The Princess was made a Subaltern. 4.The Princess engagement to Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten. 5.A number of guns that were fired in Hyde Park. 6.The festival of Britain was opened by the King.
Ex.2. Correct the mistakes of the sentences below.

a) In 1945 b) In 1948 c) On 20 November 1947 d) In 1947 e) May 1951 f) 41

1. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh was born a Prince of Scotland. 2. Princess Elizabeth took a four week course of instruction in the Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS). 3. As a bride, Princess Elizabeth entered the Abbey with her sister. 4. Among the guests of the wedding there were the kings and the queens of Europe, also there was Mr. Winston Churchill with his wife. 5. A salute in honour of Charles birth was fired only in one place Hyde Park. 6. At the festival there was an exhibition of British works of art that were shown to the public. Part 7. (The death of King George VI, the Accession of Elizabeth II, the Proclamation of Elizabeth II, HRH, Queen Elizabeth II)
Ex.1. Watch Part 7 and tick the right information.

1. King Georges VI last public visit was to the airport to say goodbye to his daughter and her husband. 2. On Wednesday, 6 February 1953, Princess Elizabeth received the news of her fathers death and her own accession to the throne, while staying in a remote part of Kenya. 3. She was greeted by Prime Minister Winston Churchill and other officials at the airport. 4. According to the British laws the accession of a new Sovereign is proclaimed by Garter King of Arms from the Proclamation Gallery overlooking Friary Court in St. James Palace. 5. Mount Everest was conquered in 1955.
37

Ex.2. Put the events in order from 1-10.

1. In 1952, as Princess Elizabeth, Her Majesty visited Kenya at the start of a Commonwealth tour on behalf of her father, King George VI. 2. When she was 18 she was appointed a Counsellor of State during the Kings absence. 3. The Queen was born at 2.40 am on 21 April 1926. 4. The couple, who had known each other for many years, were married in Westminster Abbey on 20 November 1947. 5. She was the first child of The Duke and Duchess of York, who later became King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. 6. She made her first overseas trip to South Africa with her family. 7. Princess Elizabeth enrolled as a Girl Guide when she was eleven, and later became a Sea Ranger. 8. Princess Ann was born in 1950. 9. Prince Charles was born in 1948. 10. It was at Sagan Lodge, Kenya, that she learnt of her accession to the throne on 6 February 1952. Part 8. (The Coronation, Princess Margaret declines Peter Townsends proposal, the wedding of Princess Margaret, the investiture of Prince Charles)
Ex.1. Watch Part 3 and choose the right answer.

1. The Coronation took place in Westminster Abbey on: a) 2 June 1953; b) 2 June 1954; c) 12 June 1953. 2. It was a solemn ceremony conducted by Dr. Geoffrey Fisher: a) the Archbishop of York; b) the Archbishop of Canterbury; c) the Archbishop of Wales. 3. Crowds of people viewed the procession all along the route, despite: a) a strong wind; b) a violent storm; c) heavy rain. 4. The ceremony was also broadcast at the Queens request, on _______ for the first time.
38

a) television; b) the radio; c) the internet. 5. Princess Margaret got married to _______ in Westminster Abbey in 1960. a) Peter Townsend; b) Mr. Antony Armstrong-Jones; c) Edward Grey. 6. _______ it was time to investiture Prince Charles as a prince of Wales. a) in 1969; b) in 1971; c) in 1959.
Ex.2. Complete the extract of the Coronation Oath with the words and phrases from the box.

promise and swear, Australia, Pakistan, and Ceylon, belonging or pertaining, solemnly Archbishop: Will you solemnly _______ to govern the Peoples of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Canada, _______ New Zealand, the Union of South Africa, _______ , and of your Possessions and the other Territories to any of them _______ according to their respective laws and customs? Queen: I _______ promise so to do. Part 9. (The death of Edward Duke of York, Princess Ann marries Lieutenant Mark Phillips, the Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II, the engagement of Prince Charles and Lady Diana)
Ex.1. What do these dates and numbers refer to? Watch part I and match the column on the left with the column on the right.

1.At that age Prince Charles got engaged to Lady Diana. 2.From Buckingham Palace there came the news of engagement of Charles and Diana

a)In 1972 b)On 14 November 1973 c)In 1977


39

3.The Queens Silver Jubilee was marked with celebrations at every level throughout the country and Commonwealth. 4.He died in France. 5.Princess Anne married Mark Phillips in Westminster Abbey, London.
Ex.2. Answer the questions.

d)On 24 February in 1981 e)31

Who... a) was firstly proclaimed as Prince of Wales and then succeeded to the throne? b) was a Lieutenant and later Captain in the Queens Dragoon Guards, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Phillips? c) drove in the Gold State Coach to St Pauls Cathedral for a Service of Thanksgiving? d) led the congregation? e) was the third daughter of the 8th Earl Spencer? f) gave Princess Diana the engagement ring with a magnificent sapphire surrounded by diamonds? Part 10. (The wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana, the birth of Prince William, Prince Andrew goes to war, the wedding of Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson)
Ex.1. Watch Part 10 and choose the right variant.

1. Prince Charles and Princess Diana got married in _______ on 29 July 1981. a) St. Pauls Cathedral; b) Westminster Abbey; c) Sandringham Parish church of St. Mary Magdalene. 2. The colour of the brides dress was ivory with a very long: a) trail; b) train; c) veil. 3. Prince Charles was escorted by: a) his sister; b) his brother Prince Andrew; c) his brothers Prince Andrew and Prince Edward.
40

4. Prince William Arthur Philip Louis was born on: a) 21 June 1982; b) 31 June 1982; c) 11 January 1983. 5. In 1982 Argentina suddenly invaded British territory a) South Africa; b) the Falkland Islands; c) the Auckland Islands. 6. Prince Andrew took part in this war _______ attached to the majesty ship Brazen in the South Atlantic. a) as a plane pilot; b) as a helicopter pilot; c) as a subaltern. 7. Prince Edward and Sarah Ferguson are _______ . a) still married; b) divorced; c) childless.
Ex.2. Complete the wedding oath.

Will you have this woman to be your _______; will you _______ her, honour and keep her in sickness as in _______, in poverty as in _______, and forsaking all others, keep thee only unto her _______ as you both shall _______ do you so vow to _______? Part 11. (The Queen Mother gives tribute to Bomber Harris, Prince Charles and Diana show the strain, Queen Elizabeth II speaks out against her critics, the funeral of Diana, closing credits)
Ex.1. Watch Part 11 and tick the right information.

1. Prince Charles is the best loved member of the Royal Family. 2. Queen Mother couldnt carry out public duties after her 90th birthday. 3. Sir Arthur Travers Harris is commonly known as Bomber Harris by the press when in 1942 the Cabinet agreed to the area bombing of German cities. 4. 19901992 were the years the House of Windsor seems to be involved in frequent criticism and controversy.
41

5. Prince Charles and Princess Diana had their official tour to South Africa to put an end to the speculation about their marriage. 6. The Windsor Castle itself caught a fire. 7. At the celebration the 45th anniversary of her succession to the thrown the Queen made a speech. 8. Tony Blair made his final speech at the funeral of Princess Diana. 9. Responding to change is the problem for the Royal Family in a democracy.
Ex.2. Complete the extract from the queens speech.

national society, no doubt, gentleness, criticism, public life, the scrutiny, loyalty and support There can be _______, of course, that _______ is good for people and institutions that are part of _______. No institution City, Monarchy, whatever should expect to be free from _______ of those who give it their _______, not to mention those who dont. But we are all part of the same fabric of our _______ and that scrutiny, by one part of another, can be just as effective if it is made with a touch of _______ , good humour and understanding.

Task 3. After you watch


Ex.1. Find additional information about the Royal Family on the following websites:

http://www.royal.gov.uk/HistoryoftheMonarchy/KingsandQue ensoftheUnitedKingdom/TheHouseofWindsor/EdwardVIII.aspx ; http://www.britroyals.com/windsor.asp?id=george6 .

42

UNIT 5. BRITAINS CASTLES AND PALACES


Ex.1. Match the photos of the castles with the portraits of the historical characters. Name them.

British castles

43

The historical characters

44

Ex.2. Read this text and answer the questions.

A National Trust is an organisation dedicated to preserving the cultural or environmental treasures of a particular geographic region. The first such organisation was the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, which is the National Trust of England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
45

The National Trust was founded in 1895 by three Victorian philanthropists Miss Octavia Hill, Sir Robert Hunter and Canon Hardwicke Rawnsley. They were concerned about the influence of uncontrollable development. And they established the Trust to protect national heritage. Today this organisation cares for over 248,000 hectares of beautiful countryside in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, more than 700 miles of coastline and more than 200 outstanding buildings and gardens. Owners held most of these properties in perpetuity (live-long rent) so The National Trust workers can be sure in their security. The majority of them are open to visitors, which is very important to attract attention to the work of organisation. The National Trust is completely independent of Government and relies on charity and generosity of supporters. 1. Is the National Trust of England, Wales and Northern Ireland the only organisation of this kind? 2. What was the reason to establish this organisation? 3. What are the responsibilities of the National Trust? 4. What other types of property do you know? 5. What is the source of the National Trust funding? 6. What objects of Russian past could be preserved, if we had any organisation like the National Trust? Is there any institution of the same occupation?
Ex.3. Match the phrase with the translation.

1. to be obsessed about something; 2. 2. to bridge the gap between the legend and reality; 3. 3. to be accused of adultery; 4. 4. to beg for mercy; 5. to be noting like that; 6. to gain approval; 7. to turn into ashes; 8. 8. to contain the fire; 9. notorious for execution; 10. to take back in time through history. a) ; b) ; c) ; d) ;
46

e) ; f) -; g) ; h) ; i) ; j) .
Ex.4. Fill in the most appropriate word.

Her Majestys Royal Palace and Fortress, more known as the Tower of London, is a historic (1) _______ on the north bank of the River Thames in central London, England. It is situated (2) _______ the London Borough of the Tower Hamlets, separated from the eastern edge of the City of London by the Tower Hill. It is with William the Conqueror (10661087) that the history of the Tower of London begins. After his coronation in Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day 1066, the new king (3) _______ to Barking in Essex, while several strongholds were made ready in the City to safeguard against the fickleness of the huge and fierce population, for he saw that his first task was to bring the Londoners completely to heel. Archaeological (4) _______ suggests one of these strongholds was built in the south-east corner of the Roman city walls, on the site of the future Tower of London. These (5) _______ defences were replaced with a great stone tower (the White Tower) proclaiming the physical power and prowess of the new Norman monarch. And its remained the symbol of royal power for centuries. Through ages the Tower of London (6) _______ in mist kept its mysteries. Notorious for executions and prisoners this (7) _______ house horrifies visitors even now days. Beheaded queens were part of medieval history of the Tower and for a while the Tower was not a jail. But two World Wars saw the Tower back in use as a prison and a place of execution. Between 1914 and 1916 several spies were held in (8) _______ and subsequently executed there, including Franz Buschmann. The last execution at the Tower of the German Josef Jakobs took (9) _______ in 1941, the same year that Hitlers Deputy Fuhrer, Rudolf Hess, was held there briefly, one of the last state prisoners at the Tower.
47

Today the Tower of London is one of the worlds major tourist (10) _______ and a World Heritage Site, attracting over two million visitors a year from all over the world. And its ghost glory is not the last reason for it. 1. a. castle; 2. a. on; 3. a. left; 4. a. evidence; 5. a. elder; 6. a. hidden; 7. a. haunted; 8. a. caves; 9. a. part; 10.a. buildings; b. palace; b. within; b. departed; b. proof; b. former; b. defended; b. frightening; b. caves; b. place; b. castles; c. fortress; c. in; c. quit; c. find; c. ancient; c. shrouded; c. scaring; c. dungeons; c. space; c. museums; d. fort. d. at. d. withdrew. d. discovery. d. foregoing. d. covered. d. ghost. d. crypts. d. area. d. attractions.

Ex.5. Translate words and word-combinations.

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .
Ex.6. Chose one castle and write a letter to your friend about it, using words from ex.6.

It is interesting to know CARDIFF CASTLE At first glance, Cardiffs city centre seems an unlikely place to find a castle. The capital of Wales is a typical city, busy, laden with traffic, shoppers searching for a good buy. The National Museum
48

of Wales offers impressive exhibits of Welsh history and cultural development. However, in the midst of this urbanisation Cardiffs ancient past is grandly displayed in the form of a fine castle. It is actually the combined work of more than one building period, the masonry remains, of which are clearly visible in the structure. Ones initial impression of the castle is sudden based upon Victorian-age renovations Hallmarked by the ornate Clock Tower. The marvellous Clock Tower with its colourful art work, contrasts dramatically with earlier stone work at the castle. Inside and out, the Victorian additions startle and dazzle. Over and over, throughout the castle, the 19th century interiors are decorated with such flamboyant ancient gaudy embellishment that the original features of the castle are greatly overshadowed almost to the point of complete invisibility. Astrological symbols, natures creatures, the pleasures of the seasons, biblical characters dressed in gilt robes, Moorish designs, and heraldic features are some of themes that run rampant throughout Butes castle. Flowing fountains, rich greenery and incredible marble fireplaces accentuate the astounding effect of their creators medievalist yearnings. Most likely, the Romans built earliest settlement at Cardiff in the mid-first century A.D. A site of great strategic value along the extensive network of Roman roads in Wales, Cardiff sat along the main link between Caerleon and Carmarthen. The Romans constructed a 10-acre fort on the spot where the castle now rests. Inside the walls would have been barracks, workshops stores and other essential buildings. Much of what does remain from the Roman period is now clearly visible as you approach the main entrance into the base of the later Norman walls, separated from later stone work by a narrow layer of red sandstone. The first Norman castle was built on the site in about 1091 by Robert Fitzhamon, Lord of Gloucester and one of the Conquerors favoured followers and earth and timber fortification merely amound and bailey. In 1306 the castle passed to Britains notorious Despenser family and remained their possession for almost 100 tears. In 1550 Willam Herbert, member of one of Britains most powerful medieval families, obtained control of Cardiff Castle, which he embellished to some degree. During Civil War the Herberts sided with their king, Charles I. offering him refuge in the summer of 1645. Cardiff Castle
49

was a prize sought by both sides of the struggle, but it was eventually taken by Oliver Cromwells army. In 1776 the last Herbert hair, Charlotte Jane, passed the estates to her husband John Stuart, soon to become the Earl of Bute. The Butes were to have incredible impact on the development of Cardiff into the city we see today. In 1947 Cardiff Castle was turned over to the care and trust of the people of the city and Cardiff City Council maintains the site in outstanding condition. The castle, including its ornate interiors and enchanting Norman fortress is open to the public, for a fee, on most days. It is a remarkable tribute to all the individuals who lived and dreamed inside its walls.

50

UNIT 6. WASHINGTON, D.C.


Watch the film and do the following exercises

Task 1. Before watching


Ex.1. Answer the questions:

1. Have you ever been abroad? When and where did you go? 2. Have you ever been to the USA? If yes, did you go to Washington, D.C.? 3. What sights of Washington do you know/have you seen/visited?
Ex.2. Which of the sights are in Washington, D.C.?

1. The Mall. 2. The Eiffel Tower. 3. Madame Tussauds Museum. 4. The Capitol. 5. Trafalgar Square. 6. Arlington National Cemetery. 7. The Smithsonian Institution. 8. The Royal Albert Hall. 9. The Washington Monument. 10. The White House. 11. Hyde Park. 12. The John Kennedy Centre of the Performing Art. 13. Lincoln Memorial. 14. St. Pauls Cathedral. 15. The Statue of Liberty.
Ex.3. Who of these famous people are Americans?

1. Josef Mallord William Turner. 2. George Washington.


51

3. Margaret Thatcher. 4. Robert Edward Lee. 5. Charles Dickens. 6. James Watt. 7. Jack London. 8. Oscar Wild. 9. John Kennedy. 10. Elvis Presley. 11. Calvin Coolidge. 12. Christopher Columbus. 13. Oliver Cromwell. 14. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 15. Benjamin Franklin. 16. Tony Blair. 17. Bill Clinton. 18. Mark Twain. 19. Paul McCartney. 20. Andy Warhol. 21. Duke Ellington. 22. Walt Whitman.

Task 2. While watching


Ex.1. Put the sights of Washington, D.C. in the order they appear in the film:

1. Lincoln Memorial. 2. The Capitol. 3. The Supreme Court. 4. International Cemetery of Virginia. 5. The National Archives. 6. The John Kennedy Centre of the Performing Arts. 7. The Washington Monument. 8. The White House. 9. Fords Theatre. 10. Networks of parks. 11. Thomas Jefferson Memorial. 12. The Nations Library. 13. Arlington National Cemetery. 14. The Smithsonian Institution. 15. The US Holocaust Memorial Museum.
52

16. The National Arboretum. 17. Vietnam Veterans Memorial.


Ex.2. Are these statements True (T) or False (F)?

1. Washington, D.C. is the worlds largest diplomatic community. 2. A polo match is the most entertaining among different kinds of sports and games for Americans. 3. In 1800 John Adams and his wife Abigail became first residents of the White House. 4. Initially the nations capital was New York, then Philadelphia. 5. In 1791 Pierre Charles LEnfant was hired by George Washington to plan the city. 6. The White House and the Presidential Palace are two separate buildings. 7. The Washington underground is called Washington Metro. 8. Washington is not a city at all, its a federal district. 9. The Smithsonian Institution is the name of one of the Universities in Washington. 10. Georgetown is a home town of both George Washington and Robert Lee.

Task 3. After watching


Ex.1. Give the Russian equivalents:

1. to appease 2. to hire 3. to extend 4. to conceive 5. to dedicate 6. a terrain 7. an axis 8. a legislator 9. an addict 10. handwriting 11. arboretum 12. tribute 13. assassination 14. an eternal flame 15. 15.solemn
53

Ex.2. Choose the right answer:

1. How did LEnfant name the avenues in Washington? a) after the famous people; b) after the main cities; c) after the states. 2. How did LEnfant name the streets going North and South? a) he gave letters to them; b) he gave numbers to them; c) he gave names of famous Americans. 3. How did LEnfant name the street going East and West? a) he gave letters to them; b) he gave numbers to them; c) he gave names of the main cities. 4. The US Capitol building is the home to: a) the President; b) the Congress; c) the Supreme Court. 5. How was the wooden Capitol reconstructed in 1812? a) replaced with marble; b) replaced with marble and built higher; c) replaced with marble and built longer. 6. The oldest public building in Washington is: a) the Nations Library; b) the White House; c) the National Archives. 7. How many items does the collection of the Nations Library number? a) more than 18 million; b) more than 47 million; c) more than 80 million. 8. Who presented his private collection to the Nations Library after the first collection had been lost during the war of 1812? a) Benjamin Franklin; b) John Adams; c) Thomas Jefferson. 9. What is the height of the Washington Monument? a) 115 feet; b) 155 feet; c) 555 feet.
54

10. What do the 36 columns of Lincoln Memorial represent? a) the 36 states in the Union at the time of Lincolns death; b) the 36 main cities of the country at the time of Lincolns death; c) the 36 national heroes of the country at the time of Lincolns death.
Ex.3. Answer the questions:

1. Why was it agreed that the new capital would be in the South? 2. What should the main (centre) area of Washington, D.C. include according to LEnfants plan? 3. How did LEnfant use the Capitol planning the city? 4. What is the maximum roof top height for buildings in the downtown district? Why? 5. Did George Washington ever live in the White House? 6. Which is the most precious item of the collection of the library? 7. What does the National Archives house? 8. Where is the Smithsonian Institution situated? 9. What is the Smithsonian Institution and how was it established? 10. Why is it called the Nations Addict? 11. What are the three President Memorials in Washington? 12. What is there inside the building of Thomas Jefferson Memorial? 13. Who does Vietnam Veterans Memorial recognise? 14. What living memorial in Washington is dedicated to John F. Kennedys memory? 15. What is Fords Museum the sight of? 16. What kind of exhibition does the US Holocaust Memorial Museum offer to its visitors? 17. What is Georgetown? 18. What is Alexandria? 19. Who is the International Cemetery of Virginia dedicated to? 20. Where is John F. Kennedys grave situated? What is it marked by? Who does the Tomb of an Unknown Soldier commemorate?

55

UNIT 7. SISTER WENDYS STORY OF PAINTING


Introduction Painting is an art, creation of great works and beautiful pictures. Many things and emotions could be represented or expressed through painting. Painting can be natural or can be representation. This term we are lucky to deal with Sister Wendys Story of Painting, BBC series. Sister Wendy, the author of dozens of books on the subject of art, gives a studied and deeply personal overview of the history of art, with a particular focus on painting. She shares wonderful insights about the artists, their time and their work. She has no personal agenda; she just states what she knows, in context.

Part 1. The Mists of Time Make sure you know these words: tomb, monk, mourner, plague, binding, crucifixion, priest, the Middle Ages

Task 1
Ex.1. Group the vocabulary below under the right heading. Some words can be put under two headings. What do the following words mean? What words can be referred to art vocabulary?

Nouns
56

Verbs

Adjectives

Surrealism, impressionism, masterpiece, tomb, fortune, gaze, provincial, unconvincing, entity, exceptional, breeze, circumstance, suspicious, dignity, icon, monk, escape, wind, plague, binding, embrace, precious, convince, miracle, crucifixion, manuscript, court, knighthood, peasant, survive, struggle, flicker, Christ, cross, poll-tax, coat, impassive, vulnerable, funeral, priest, mourner, flat, profile, temple, hunt, afterlife.
Ex.2. Comprehension questions.

1. What facts were mentioned concerning Prehistoric art? 2. Have you ever been to Egypt? What has impressed you most? 3. What was the aim of Egyptian painting? 4. Whats the difference between the Egyptian attitude to ahuman and the Greek one? 5. What disaster left us the Roman painting The Baker and his wife? 6. Name several features of Medieval painting. 7. What was the origin of the Book of Kells? 8. What are the Limbourg Brothers famous for?
Ex.3. Choose the best variant.

1. What trend does Prehistoric art remind of? a) impressionism; b) realism; c) avant-gardism. 2. What trend can Greek art be referred to? a) cubism; b) impressionism; c) realism. 3. The Book of Kells has some elements of a) realism; b) surrealism;
57

c) modernism. 4. The only Greek painting left is on vases, particularly the myth about a) Venus and Mars; b) Bacchus and Ariadne; c) Achilles kills Penthesilea.
Ex.4. Mark the sentences as True (T) or False (F).

1. Prehistoric images were not to be seen. They were made secretly under the earth. 2. The main idea of Egyptian art is a tense belief in the afterlife. 3. If we want an art which takes the human body seriously, we have to wait for the rise of the Greek civilization. 4. Like the Greek the Romans were interested in impressionism. 5. The Middle Ages were actually dreadful and full of wars and diseases. 6. The Book of Kells is the greatest work of art that ever comes from the British Isles.
Ex.5. How can you explain the following collocations and phrasal verbs? Make up your own sentences with them.

to drive the family car, to come together, to exchange looks, to fall in love with
Ex.6. You see August from The very rich Hours of the Duke of Berry. Try to find all the peculiarities mentioned in the film.

58

Ex.7. Topics for discussion:

1. Egyptian culture. 2. Greek and Roman art. 3. Vesuvius eruption and the destruction of Pompeii. 4. Look for the known paintings on these subjects. 5. Medieval art. Glory and darkness. 6. Richard II, his political portrait. Part 2. The Hero steps forth Make sure you know these words:
mingle, palazzo, virtue, interior, superstition, gargoyle, lute

Task 2
Ex.1. Group the vocabulary below under the right heading. Some words can be put under two headings. Explain their meaning. What words can be referred to art vocabulary?

Nouns

Verbs

Adjectives

varnish, shepherd, gesture, soldier, longing, mingle, spirit, unpolluted, humanity, cathedral, frame, supreme, cultivated, spiritual, palazzo, poverty, splendid, cascade, justice, agreement, decorate, extraordinary, virtue, Heaven, stillness, astonishment, contempt, colorist, passion, interior, recreate, fashion, reception room, fidelity, glorious, superstition, gleam, chancellor, worship, marvel, gargoyle, giant, gothic, lute, mystery, science fiction, metaphor
Ex.2. Comprehension questions.

59

1. Compare Giotto with Duccio concerning their attitude to Heaven. 2. What features does a gothic artist have? Speak about medieval mysticism and its influence on gothic painting. 3. Who is a colorist? What famous colorists can you name? 4. Why did the Flemish artists begin to paint on wood using oils? What was the reason? 5. What was Simone Martini famous for? 6. Roger Van der Weyden has an extraordinary path to emotions, doesnt he? 7. What distinguished Hieronymus Bosch from other medieval painters? Why was he called the most mystical painter of the Middle Ages and the last gothic painter in the mankind?
Ex.3. Match the paintings with the artists.

Giotto Jan Van Eyck Roger Van der Weyden Hieronymus Bosch Duccio Simone Martini Ambrogio Lorenzetti

Maesta The Resurrection Allegory of Good Government and Bad Government Last Judgement Madonna of Chancellor Rolin Ship of fools St Martin Lays down his weapons

Ex.4. Fill in the blanks with a suitable word given in the box. shepherd, colorists, gift, metaphor, harmony, interior

1. The legend says that in the beginning Giotto was just a . 2.While Giotto had the of bringing the carriage of the Christian stories down to our level, Duccio somehow managed to weigh us up to theirs. 3. The golden dream of an artist is to live in with nature. 4. Martini is one of the great of the world. 5. The Flemish artists invented . 6. Ship of fools was a magnificent of life as a voyage.
Ex.5. Find the superlative degree of the adjective late in the following sentence.

Such fur caps were the latest fashion in that time.


60

What does the latest mean? Whats the difference between the last and the latest?

Ex.6. Look at The Arnolfini Portrait. Remember all the examples of prosperity mentioned by Sister Wendy in the film. Ex.7. Topics for discussion:

1. Two heroes Giotto and Duccio. 2. The role of superstition in medieval art. Hieronymus Bosch as the most mystical artist of the Middle Ages. Part 3. The age of Genius Make sure you know these words: sew, muse, Renaissance, papacy, artificial, abandon, helicopter, perspective

Task 3
Ex.1. Group the vocabulary below under the right heading. Some words can be put under two headings. Explain their meaning. What words can be referred to art vocabulary?

Nouns

Verbs

Adjectives

Guilt, shadow, sew, scholar, gracious, elegant, humorous, mythology, muse, Renaissance, papacy, artificial, float, torch,
61

antiquity, abandon, influential, magical, solidity, genius, oculus, ceiling, helicopter, submarine, circulation, deserve, gigantic, confused, freedom, generation, merchant, imagination, produce, perspective, astronomy, measure, fascinating.

Ex.2. Comprehension questions.

1. What representatives of Renaissance can you name? 2. What city was possibly the most important in the history of painting? 3. Describe the Renaissance attitude to a human being. 4. How did Masaccio depict Adam and Eve? What was the difference between their representations? 5. Why is La Gioconda so complex for understanding? Do you agree with Sister Wendy on her statement that Mona Lisa is the best famous picture of all time?
Ex.3. Do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Discuss them. Give as more arguments as you can. Then make a dispute.

1. Being a genius is a blessing. 2. Being a genius is a curse.


Ex.4. Read the idiom below. Give Russian equivalent to it. Make up your own sentences with it.

to kill two birds with one stone Read the following idioms and try to guess their meaning:
62

armed to the teeth; be born with a silver spoon in ones mouth; for a rainy day; in the land of Nod; serve two masters; waste ones breath.
Ex.5. Match the paintings with the artists.

Raphael Michelangelo Botticelli Giovanni Leonardo da Vinci Masaccio

Venus and Mars The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden San Marco Altarpiece Deliveration of Saint Peter The Crucifixion of St. Peter La Gioconda

Ex.6. Mark the sentences as True (T) or False (F).

1. The Renaissance humanity is godlike. 2. The Renaissance period was the world of mythology, Muses, and Graces. 3. Mantua was a splendid military center. 4. There was no conflict between science and art during the Renaissance period. 5. The best famous picture of all time is The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden. 6. Julius II had an eye for talent.
Ex.7. Look at the famous Spring by Botticelli. Describe it paying attention to the following points:

63

1. The general effect. 2. The contents of the painting. 3. The composition and colouring. 4. Interpretation (mythology, the artists appeal, idea etc.).
Ex.8. Topics for discussion:

1. The biblical story about Adam and Eve. Masaccios interpretation. 2. Michelangelo and his famous David. 3. Giovanni, his biography and masterpieces. 4. The Genius of Leonardo. 5. Raphael Deliveration of Saint Peter. Compare it with the biblical variant. 6. Describe Sistine Madonna by Raphael.

Part 4. Two sides of the Alps Make sure you know these words: meadow, mature, torture, vindication, controversial, flounder
64

Task 4
Ex.1. Group the vocabulary below under the right heading. Some words can be put under two headings. Explain their meaning. What words can be referred to art vocabulary?

Nouns

Verbs

Adjectives

unique, stability, tender, meadow, gown, claim, vision, delight, protect, coexist, destroy, throne, rival, loss, mature, rare, climax, torture, vindication, betray, cupid, pagan, carnival, emphasis, despair, rescue, utter, misery, hatred, wonder, crown, sensitive, craftsman, carpenter, sophisticated, apparent, studio, brush, bullish, servant, the Inquisition, controversial, liberty, harvest, flounder, restoration.
Ex.2. Comprehension questions.

1. Where are the Alps situated? What countries do the Alps divide? 2. Who was the Father of Venetian Painting? 3. Why is Madonna of the Meadow so powerful and dramatic? How many symbols mentioned in the film can you remember? What do the white bird and the snake in the background of the painting symbolize? 4. Tell the myth about Bacchus and Ariadne. 5. In Northern Europe artists were struggling for recognition, werent they? Why? 6. What is the main mission of an artist according to Albrecht Durer and his self-portrait?
65

7. What monarch granted political asylum for Hans Holbein the Younger?
Ex.3. Match the paintings with the artists. Titian Albrecht Durer Paolo Veronese Giovanni Bellini Giorgione Hans Holbein the Younger Pieter Brueghel the Elder Portrait of Henry VIII Hunters in the Snow The Flaying of Marsyas The Tempest The Feast in the House of Levi Madonna of the Meadow

Christ among the Doctors

Ex.4. Read the idioms below and guess what they mean. Make up your own sentences with them.

the powers that be

from head to foot/toe

Ex.5. What are the titles of these paintings? Who created them?

They are so different, and at the same time both of them are powerful and take our breath away. What feelings and emotions does the left-hand painting excite? How many images of an artist can you find in the right-hand masterpiece? What are they?
Ex.6. Fill in the blanks with a suitable word given in the box.

favor, restoration, vision, court, fortune, tortures, gentleman craftsmen 1. Paolo Veronese had his own of painting religious scenes. 2. Durer wants to show that an artist is a even if his father keeps
66

a shop. 3. Holbein came to London and found at the of King Henry VIII. 4. In Northern Europe artists were treated as . 5.Many young painters leave their homes to seek their abroad. 6. This picture is sure to need . 7. The Inquisition is remarkable for its cruelty, intolerance and .

Ex.7. Topics for discussion:

1. Titian. Three images of an artist. 2. Giovanni Bellini and his works of art. 3. Albrecht Durer. His contribution to painting. 4. Henry III, his political and psychological portrait. Anne Boleyn. 5. The problem of light and shade in painting. 6. Describe Madonna and Saints by Giorgione. Is it a real world or a magical one? What does the throne here symbolize? Speak about the background of the painting. Part 5. Revolution Make sure you know these words: immortalize, stare, tug, adore, contemporary, prime, compassion, guillotine
67

Task 5
Ex.1. Group the vocabulary below under the right heading. Some words can be put under two headings. Explain their meaning. What words can be referred to art vocabulary?

Nouns

Verbs

Adjectives

revolution, pastoral, idyll, naughty, patron, darken, wrinkle, ankle, quintessential, immortalize, persuade, bench, suspiciously, stare, fertility, cornsheaf, enchantment, sensuality, flitter, tug, machinery, adore, contemporary, statesman, boyhood, paradox, propagandist, politician, rid, monster, poor, prime, canvas, compassion, guillotine, sketch, female, sacrifice, capture, indignation, familiar, separate, countryside, complicated, waste, monarchy, execution, enthusiastic, alien, avoid, glitter, threat, challenge, determine
Ex.2. Comprehension questions.

1. What was the difference between the British aristocracy and the French one? 2. Look at Mr. and Mrs. Andrews by Gainsborough. Make apsychological sketch of the couple. 3. Why was Jacques-Louis David called the revolutionary spirit of France? Who was Marat? 4. What did Ingres proclaim in his paintings? 5. Who is the best loved painter for British people? 6. Try to compare Constable and Turners vision of their epoch. 7. Speak about the so called Black paintings and Francisco Goya in particular.
68

Ex.3. Match the paintings with the artists.

Gainsborough Constable Ingres David Watteau Turner Goya Chardin

The Bather of Valpincon The Fighting Temeraire tugged to her last berth to be broken up The Death of Marat The Hay Wain House of Cards The Pilgrimage to Cytheria Mr. and Mrs. Andrews Charles IV of Spain and his family

Ex.4. Mark the sentences as True (T) or False (F).

1. Stubbs was far more interested in the beauty of horses than in the vanity of his human patrons. 2. Mr. and Mrs. Andrews is one of the most tragic masterpieces. 3. The French art was unlike the British one. 4. Rococo is an 18th century style, which developed as Baroque artists gave up their symmetry and became increasingly more ornate, florid, and playful. 5. Ingres thinks that medieval superstition is suitable for a new society. 6. Goya was the greatest romantic painter of the age. He glorified the blackness of a human soul.

69

Ex.5. Look at the famous portrait Jane, Countess of Harrington by Reynolds. Describe it paying attention to the following points:

1. The general effect. 2. The contents of the painting (Place, time and setting. The accessories, the dress etc.). 3. The composition and colouring. 4. Interpretation (mythology, the artists appeal, idea etc.)
Ex.6. Read the description below and guess the painting.

It shows the head of a small black dog gazing upwards. The dog itself is almost lost in the vastness of the rest of the image, which is empty except for a dark sloping area near the bottom of the picture: an unidentifiable mass which conceals the animals body
Ex.7. Topics for discussion:

1. Thomas Gainsborough, Joshua Reynolds, George Stubbs. The features of British painting. 2. The French revolution and fanatical painting. David as the best representative of the age. 3. Chardins sadness and enchantment in his The Pilgrimage to Cytheria. 4. Ingres as a masterly classical artist. 5. Watteau House of Cards as a great metaphor of our life. 6. Constables love for British countryside. 7. Joseph Mallord William Turner. 8. Black Paintings and Francisco Goya.

70

UNIT 8. BEAUTY AND THE BEAST


(Walt Disneys picture)

Watch the film and do the following exercises


Ex.1. Choose the right answer:

1. Where is the story set? a) in a small English town; b) in a quiet French village; ) in the Scottish Highlands. 2. Why was Belle a little unhappy about her life? a) she wanted something more than this provincial life; b) she wanted to be more admired by everybody; c) she was unhappy because Gaston paid no attention to her. 3. Why did the villagers call her funny and odd? a) she was not polite to them; b) she was interested only in clothes; ) because she was always reading books. 4. Why did they call her father crazy? a) Maurice was an inventor, a genius, and they thought it was odd; b) they thought that Maurice was dangerous;
71

c) they didnt like the way he looked 5. What was Gaston really like? a) he was handsome and kind; b) he was loving and caring; c) he was rude and conceited. 6. Why did Gaston want to marry Belle? a) he loved her very much; b) she was the most beautiful girl in the village; c) they had a lot in common. 7. Why did she refuse him? a) she felt she didnt deserve him; b) she thought him primeval and rude; c) he didnt like books.
Ex.2. Mark these statements as True (T) or False (F).

1. The servants were happy to see a girl in the house, because they hoped she would be the one to break the spell. 2. Belle agreed to stay in the castle instead of her father. 3. The Beast asked her to have dinner with him and she accepted his invitation. 4. Belle was left without dinner and went to bed hungry the first night. 5. Belle was allowed to go anywhere in the house except the west wing, which was forbidden. 6. The Beast wanted to do something for Belle and gave her the piano to play whenever she liked. 7. Belle was grateful to the Beast for saving her life. 8. Belle wanted to see her father and the Beast let her go. 9. Gaston led the villagers to kill the dangerous Beast. 10. Chip rescued Belle and Maurice from the cellar.
Ex.3. Match the beginnings and the endings of the sentences.

1. It was Cogsworth who 2. It was Mrs. Potts who... 3. It was Chip who 4. It was Lumiere who 5. It was an old beggar woman who
72

a) had to sleep in the cupboard with his brothers and sisters. b) showed Belle around the castle. c) turned into a beautiful enchantress. d) did not want to take a shortcut on their way from the fair.

6. It was horse Freddy who

e) sang a beautiful song Tale as old as time. f) ...organised a cabaret show. a) Because he didnt want to live without Belle. b) Because they understood that now he would remain abeast forever. c) Because he wanted to force Belle to marry him. d) Because he had learned to love and earned her love in return. e) Because he saw that Belle had come back. f) Because he wanted to kill his rival. g) Because he knew that if he told her the spell would not be broken.

Ex.4. Match Why and Because.

1. Why did Gaston want to put Maurice in the asylum? 2. Why didnt the Beast tell Belle about the rose and the spell? 3. Why were the servants shocked when they found that he had let her go? 4. Why did Gaston lead the villagers to kill the monster? 5. Why did not the Beast fight back when Gaston attacked him? 6. Why did he start fighting back? 7. Why was the spell broken? 1. The Beast 2. Belle 3. Gaston 4. Maurice 5. Lefoe 6. Cogsworth 7. Lumiere 8. Mrs. Potts 9. Chip
Ex.6. Who said it?

Ex.5. Match the characters with their descriptions.

a) Hospitable, passionate b) Kind-hearted, soothing c) Self-sacrificing, loving d) Inquisitive, curious e) Rough, unable to control his temper f) Cautious, shy g) Licking Gastons shoes h) Cruel, conceited i) Absorbed in his work, a man of genius

a) Belle; b) The Beast; c) Gaston; d) The servants.


73

1. Ive come to borrow a book. Have you got something new? 2. I deserve the best. Shes gorgeous, as beautiful as me. Its no good for awoman to read. She starts getting ideas. 3. Hes lost his way in the woods. Come and warm yourself by the fire. His moustache tickles, mama. 4. A stranger here? Youve come to stare at the beast! Ill give you the place to stay. 5. Im going to propose to the girl. Theres not a girl here who would not like to be in your shoes. This is the day your dreams come true. 6. Theres a girl in the castle! This is the girl weve been waiting for! 7. Ill show you to your room. My castle is your home. You can go anywhere you like except the west wing, its forbidden. Youll join me for dinner tonight! 8. You must make yourself more presentable. And you must control your temper. Attempt to be attractive. 9. She is not a prisoner. Shes our guest. If you are stressed, its fine dining we suggest. Life is so unnerving for a servant whos not serving. Please, be our guest! 10. You realise what you could have done! Get out! 11. Ive never felt that way for anyone. I want to do something for her. I want to show you something. Its a surprise. 12. You must be bold and daring and confess your love. 13. I miss my father. Hes sick, nearly dying, all alone. 14. Hes learned to love. But its not enough to break the spell. 15. Hes dangerous. Its time to take an action. Well rid the village of the monster. Who is not with us, hes against us! 16. Invaders! The castle is under attack! 17. Leave me in peace! Let them come. It doesnt matter now. 18. Whats the matter, Beast? Too kind and gentle to fight back? 19. Please, dont leave me. I love you. 20. Will they live happily ever after? Of course, my dear. Now I dont have to sit in the cupboard! Tale as old as time!

74

UNIT 9. ANASTASIA (After the 20th Century Fox film)

Watch the film and do the following exercises


Ex.1. Choose the right answer:

1. Where is the story set? a) in revolutionary Petersburg; b) in Victorian London; c) in the 19th century Moscow. 2. What were the Romanovs celebrating? a) Anastasias birthday; b) Anastasias grandmothers departure; c) the 300th anniversary of the Romanovs rule. 3. What gift did Anastasia receive from her grandmother? a) a new dress to dance at the party; b) a music box to make the separation easier; c) a picture of a doll to remember her by. 4. What kind of a man was Rasputin?
75

a) friendly and kind; b) power-mad and dangerous; c) loving and giving. 5. What did Rasputin sell his soul for? a) for 30 silver pieces; b) for the power to destroy the Romanovs; c) for the Russian throne. 6. How did the kitchen boy help Anastasia and her grandmother escape from the Bolsheviks? a) through the chimney; b) through the window; c) through the door in the wall. 7. What happened when Anastasia and her grandmother were getting on the train? a) Anastasia fell on the rails and lost her memory; b) they were caught by the Bolsheviks; c) the grandmother decided to stay in Russia.
Ex.2. Mark these statements as True (T) or False (F).

1. The revolutionists said that their life was very interesting and comfortable. 2. The rumour was spread over St Petersburg that one of the Romanovs daughters might have survived. 3. Dimitris and Vlads plan was to get the reward promised by the Dowager Empress to those who would find Anastasia. 4. Anya was grateful that the headmistress of the orphanage had found her a job at the fish factory. 5. It was difficult for Anya to make a choice at the fork and she was waiting for a sign. 6. The woman at the ticket office told Anastasia to see Dimitri who could help her with the exit papers. 7. When Anastasia saw the palace she had once lived in she recognised it at once. 8. Anya agreed to play the part of Anastasia because she needed money so badly. 9. The name Anastasia means She will rise again. 10. It was Dimitri who brought Rasputin the news that Anastasia was alive.
76

Ex.3. Match the beginnings and the endings of the sentences.

1.The evil sparks tried 2.Dmitri tried ... 3.Vlad tried 4.Anastasia tried ... 5.Pooka tried

a) to wake up Dmitri so that he could stop Anya from jumping overboard. b) to teach Anastasia to dance. c) to kill Anastasia on the train. d) to help Dimitri to uncouple the carriage. e) to wake up Anastasia from her terrible nightmare.

Ex.4. Match Why and Because.

1. Why was Sophie sure that it was at last the real Anastasia? 2. Why was Dimitri sure that Anastasia was real? 3. Why was Dimitri sad when he realised that Anastasia was real? 4. Why was Dimitri afraid that Anastasia wouldnt marry him? 5. Why did they go shopping in Paris? 6. Why did the Dowager Empress refuse to talk to Dimitri at the theatre? 7. Why did Dimitri capture the grandmothers car?

a) Because he was afraid she would not marry him. b) Because he was sure that princesses dont marry kitchen boys. c) Because that was his only chance to speak to her in private. d) Because she had answered all her questions correctly. e) Because she had heard about him holding auditions in St. Petersburg. f) Because they wanted to buy some clothes for the ballet. g) Because she mentioned a kitchen boy who opened the wall and it was actually he who did it.

Ex.5. Mark the statements as True (T) or False (F).

1. The grandmother finally believed that it was her granddaughter when Anastasia sang their lullaby to her. 2. Dimitri was going to leave Paris because he didnt like it. 3. It was her grandmother who made Anastasia change her mind about Dimitri and staying in the palace.
77

4. It was Anastasia who destroyed Rasputin and his evil lamp. 5. Anastasia was not going to see her grandmother again. 6. Anastasia found her home, love, and family in Paris. 7. Bartok found his happiness on the roof of St. Pauls athedral.
Ex.6. Who said it?

a) Anastasia; b) The grandmother; c) Dimitri; d) Vlad; e) Rasputin; f) Bartok; g) Sophie. 1. She begged me not to return to Paris so I had a very special gift made for her to make the separation easier for both of us. 2. I will not rest until I see the end of the Romanov line for ever. 3. Whoever gave me this necklace must have loved me. 4. This place, its like a memory from a dream. 5. Actually, considering how long you have been dead, you look pretty good. 6. What I hate about this governmenteverything is in red. 7. If we live through this, remind me to thank you. 8. I taught her well. I planned it all. I just forgot romance. 9. It was a nightmare. Its all right. You are safe now. 10. 10. How do you expect to get to Paris in one piece? 11. 11. I will see no more girls claiming to be Anastasia. 12. How does Anastasia like her tea? 13. Surely, you can think of something to arrange a brief interview with the Dowager. 14. From the very beginning you lied. 15. I spilled the bottle the carpet was soaked and it forever smelled of peppermint. 16. I cant stay. I dont belong here. 17. He didnt take it. 18. This is for Dimitri... This is for me... And this is for you. 19. Theyve eloped. Isnt it romantic? Isnt it a perfect ending? 20. Its a perfect beginning. 21. Wow! I tell you what Wow! So long everybody.
78

UNIT 10. FILM ROMAN HOLIDAY


Watch the film and do the following exercises
Ex.1. Choose the right answer:

1. Why was Ann in hysterics? a) because they didnt give her the nightgown with rosebuds on it; b) because she got tired of everlasting schedules; c) because they wanted her to dance with an old duke. 2. How did she manage to escape? a) she gave sleeping pills to her guard; b) she went out quietly when the guard was sleeping; c) she killed her guard. 3. Who was Joe? a) a correspondent of American News Service; b) a pretender, who wanted to earn money; c) a vagabond, that was by chance in the street, when Ann was sleeping. 4. When did he learn that she was a princess? a) from the very beginning; b) when he saw her photo in the newspaper; c) he didnt know who she was till the end. 5. Was this day interesting and unusual to her? a) yes, she was happy; b) yes, but she was a bit nervous about her parents; c) no, she thought it improperly to roam about like a vagabond. 6. How did Irving use his lighter? a) to light cigarettes; b) to take photos; c) to burn unnecessary papers. 7. What do the words exclusive interview mean?
79

a) an interview, given to anybody who is interested in it; b) an interview, given to a famous reporter; c) an interview about the innermost thoughts, given to the select few. 8. What kind of inscriptions did they see on the wall? a) about fulfilled wishes; b) complaints; c) curses. 9. What was arranged on the barge? a) a dance competition; b) dances; c) a trap for Ann. 10. The men in black who were they? a) the men from the secret police; b) the burglars; c) the musicians from the band Black Idols.
Ex.2. Guess the meaning of the following word combinations :

1. a dead ringer: a) a bell, that doesnt ring; b) a dead man who used to ring; c) an exact copy; d) anyone who has a great deal of charm. 2. in toto: a) under totalitarian regime; b) taking part in totalizator; c) completely, absolutely. 3. to be fired: a) to be dismissed from a job; b) to be burnt; c) to be shot.
Ex.3. Mark these statements as True (T) or False (F).

1. Princess Ann was happy and light-minded, surrounded with so many servants and guards. 2. Her schedule was interesting and various. 3. She fell asleep because of the sleeping medicine. 4. Joe met her by chance. 5. Joe and Irving wanted to make friends with Ann.
80

6. Irving had a lighter in the shape of photo-camera. 7. Joe and Irving received 5000$ for their story. 8. Joe and Ann fell into water from the fear of the men in black. 9. Ann was afraid of the men in black. 10. Joe and Ann said good-bye to each other and arranged for the next meeting. 11. Irving gave photos to Princess Ann as a present.
Ex.4. Match the beginnings and the endings of the sentences.

1. It was Ann who 2 It was Joe who 3 It was Irving who 4 It was boss who 5 It was Mario who 6 It was Giovanni who

a) cut her hair. b) took photos with his lighter. c) escaped from the Coliseum. d) owned the house where Joe lived. e) gave his employees the task to make the interview with princess Ann. f) saved princess from the men in black.

Ex.5. Match Why and Because.

1.Why was princess Ann in hysterics? 2.Why did Ann fall asleep in the street? 3.Why did Joe decide to bring Ann to his room? 4.Why didnt Joe tell Ann who he was? 5.Why didnt Ann write her inscription on the wall? 6.Why was it difficult to Ann to say good-bye to Joe? 7.Why didnt Joe write his story? 8.Why did Ann return to Coliseum?

a)Because the chances of it being granted were very slight. b)Because he wanted to obtain the exclusive interview. c)Because he didnt want the police to take her. d)Because she fell in love with him. e)Because she was aware of her duty to her family and her country. f)Because Ann became more than a princess to him. g)Because she was given sleeping medicine. h)Because she was tired of everlasting official appointments.
81

Ex.6. Match the characters with their descriptions.

1. Ann 2. Joe 3. Irving 4. Boss 5. Irvings dames 6. Taxi driver 7. Barber

a) impatient, careful b) practical, cheerful, typical paparazzo c) clever, delicate, tactful, strong in body and character d) cheerful, easy-going, light-minded e) charming, kind-hearted, spontaneous, responsible g) rather good professional h) broad-minded, sometimes rough, ironical, practical

Ex.7. Who said it?

a) Princess Ann; b) Joe Bradley; c) Boss; d) Irving; e) General. 1. You are well-read, well-dressed snoozing away in a public street. 2. People who cant handle liquor shouldnt drink it. 3. Can I have a silk nightgown with rosebuds on it. 4. I think you described it very well in view of the fact that she was taken illand has had all her appointments for today cancelled in foto. 5. You have my permission to withdraw. 6. You arent fired. When I want to fire you, you wont have to ask. Youll know you are fired. 7. Im talking about her views on everything her innermost thoughts, as revealed to your own correspondent in a private, personal, exclusive interview. 8. I dreamt I was asleep in the street and a young man came. He was tall and strong. He was so mean to me. 9. How are you going to obtain this fantastic interview? 10. Ill enter her sick room disguised as a thermometer. 11. Did anybody ever tell you youre a dead ringer for 12. Its an American term. It means anyone who has a great deal of charm. 13. Hit him again, Smiti!
82

14. Im a good cook. I could earn my living at it. I just havent had the chance to do it for anyone. 15. Promise not to watch me go beyond the corner 16. 24 hours. They cant all be blank. 17. Were I not completely aware of my duty to my family and my country I wouldnt have come back tonight. Or indeed ever again.

83

UNIT 11. THE KINGS SPEECH

Watch the film and do the following exercises


Part 1. The Duke of York and Dr. Logue of Harley Street 1925. King George V reigns over a quarter of the worlds people. He asks his second son, the Duke of York, to give a closing speech at the Empire Exhibition at Wembley, London. The nation is disappointed. The Duke of York cant speak.
Ex.1. Choose the right answer:

1. Why did the Duke of York fail to speak at the exhibition? a) his father decided to give a speech himself; b) he had an urgent call from the Palace and had to leave; c) he could not control his stammer. 2. What method did the Royal physician use to cure him? a) unorthodox and controversial method; b) classical method that cured Demosthenes; c) hypnosis. 3. Why did Elizabeth, the Duchess of York, decide to see Lionel Logue? a) he was recommended to her by Aileen McLeod, the President of the Society of Speech Therapists;
84

b) he was a well- known doctor in London; c) he was her fathers school friend. 4. What did Logue say he would need for his method to work? a) obedience and confidence; b) trust and total equality; c) time and patience. 5. How did he refuse to treat him in the palace? a) he said he worked on the principle my game, my turf, my rules; b) he did not want the royal family to interfere; c) he wanted to be closer to his family. 6. What bed-time story did the Duke of York tell his daughters? a) about a girl who lost her way in the woods; b) about a frog who turned into a handsome Prince; c) about a penguin who turned into an albatross. 7. Why did Logue fail at the audition of the Dramatic Society? a) he could not remember the lines of the play; b) it was his first attempt to play Shakespeare; c) the Dramatic Society was looking for someone younger and more regal, they said. 8. Why did Logue send a boy to meet the Duke and the Duchess? a) he wanted them to see the results of his work; b) he was in the loo; c) he was too shy to meet them himself. 9. What did Logue do to break the ice? a) he offered a cup of tea; b) he remarked about the weather; c) nothing. 10. How did Logue prefer to be called and to call The Duke? a) Mr. Logue and Mr. Johnson; b) Doctor Logue and Your Royal Highness; c) Lionel and Bertie. 11. What questions did Logue not ask when he was talking to The Duke? a) what was your earliest memory? b) who was your physician? c) when did your defect start? 12. What bet did they have? a) Bertie could read flawlessly right here and right now;
85

b) his stammer would be cured within a fortnight; c) his stammer would disappear in two days. 13. What was their wager? a) a shilling; b) a sixpence; c) a fortune. 14. Why did Lionel play the music in Berties earphones while Bertie was reading To be or not to be? a) the music was to encourage Bertie; b) the music was to calm him; c) he did not want Bertie to hear his voice. 15. What did he give to the Duke as a souvenir when he was leaving? a) the recording of what he had read; b) the record with the music; d) the record with the instructions.
Ex.2. Mark these statements as True (T) or False (F).

1. The Dukes reading from the Hamlet was sublime but he refused to listen to it, said it was hopeless, and left. 2. In his Christmas broadcast of 1934 King George V spoke about regaining prosperity and tranquillity in the time of depression and also about helping disheartened people. 3. King George was calm and patient when his son was trying to read his Christmas speech. 4. King George was sure that his son David would be a strong king and could oppose Hitler and the proletarian abyss. 5. King George V disapproved of Davids taking to Mrs. Simpson and thought it would ruin the family and the nation in 12 months. 6. When The Duke of York played the recording and heard that he was reading perfectly, he thought he had been cured. 7. When he came to Logue again he said he was willing to work hard. 8. Logue used all these methods to treat him: saying tonguetwisters, singing words, rolling, swaying, bouncing, inhaling smoke, talking through the marbles, tricking him. 9. The Duke used most of these techniques while he was speaking publicly. 10. David felt he was trapped and even at his fathers deathbed he could think of nothing but his Wallis.
86

11. After his fathers death Bertie realised that David would be careless with his duties and that he would be required to do a lot of public speaking himself. 12. When he came to see Logue they started talking as friends.
Ex.3. Bertie comes to see Logue after his fathers death.

Match the fragments of their conversation. 1. B. Im sorry to intrude. 2. L. Hot milk? 3. B. What did your father do? 4. L. Heres to the memory of your father. 5. B. I always wanted to make models. But I had to collect stamps because my father collected stamps. 6. B. My brother (he hesitates). 7. B Im not going to sit here warbling a) L. He was a brewer. b) L. Not at all. Please, come in. Do you feel like working today? c) L. Try to sing it my brother David...dum-dum-dum d) L. (takes the model) Rules are rules. e) B. No, Id kill for something stronger. f) L. You can finish this off if you sing. g) B. My fathers last words were, Bertie has got more guts than the rest of his brothers put together.

Ex.4. Match Lionels questions with Berties replies.

1. Does it feel strange now that David is on the throne? 2. Did David ever tease you? 3. Are you naturally right-handed? 4. Were there any other corrections? 5. Who were you closest to in your family? 6. What about your brother Jonnie? Were you close to him?

a) Left. I was punished and I used the right. b) Jonnie, sweet boy. Epilepsy. He died at 13, hidden from view. c) To tell the truth it was a relief knowing I wouldnt be King. d) Oh, yes, they all did B-b-b-Bertie. Father encouraged him. e) Metal splints. I had to wear them day and night. Bloody agony, to straighten my legs.

87

f) Nannies. But not my first Nanny. She loved David and hated me. When we were presented to our parents for the daily viewing, shed pinch me so that Id cry and be handed back to her immediately. Then she wouldnt feed me Part 2. King Edward VIII and his abdication
Ex.1. Connect Why and Because.

1. Why did Bertie keep saying the thistle tongue-twister on his way to Balmoral? 2. Why did Elizabeth find it difficult to be pleasant to Mrs. Simpson? 3. Why did Elizabeth receive coldly Walliss welcome to their little country shack? 4. Why did Churchill say she was right? 5. Why was Bertie angry when he was speaking to David? 6. Why was he shocked?

a) Because she wanted to show that Wallis was nobody there and that they came on the invitation of the King. b) He had to keep practising all the time. c) David told him that he was going to marry Wallis and he knew that it meant abdication. d) Because she called her a fat Scottish cook. e) He said that, according to the decree, the Royalty should be received by the official host, the King, not a commoner. f) David didnt want to talk about serious things and said Herr Hitler would sort them out.

Ex.2. Difficult time for Bertie. He is terribly scared and cant control the situation. Logue takes him for a stroll but fails to help him.

Connect the sentences with So or But. 1. David was teasing Bertie saying that Bertie was trying to push him off the throne 2. Logue tried to use a new method of saying f-words, etc. but it didnt help
88

So/but a)Bertie couldnt say a single word to him in reply. So/but b)He took him out for some fresh air.

3. Bertie said his brother is infatuated by a woman who had been married twice and the Church would not tolerate it. 4. Logue tried to persuade Bertie that his place might be on the throne. 5. Logue tried to tell him that he shouldnt be governed by fear. 6. Logue saw that all further conversation was useless
Ex.3. Find the wrong reason.

So/but c)He would do anything to keep his brother on the throne. d)Bertie said he was not an alternative to his So/but brother and Logues words meant treason. e)Bertie wouldnt listen So/but to him. He said Logue was nobody, the son of a brewer. So/but g)He slowed down and stayed behind.

1. Prime Minister Baldwin explained to Bertie why Mrs. Simpson was unsuitable. He gave a few reasons: a) She was an American. b) She was soon-to-be twice-divorced American and the King as Head of the Church of England cannot marry a divorced woman c) According to Scotland Yard the King had been sharing his affections towards her with some other man. d) Hitlers ambassador Count Ribbentrop sent her 17 carnations every day. 2. Winston Churchill explained to Bertie why the King should abdicate. a) He was careless with the state papers and lacked commitment and resolve. b) There were worries where he would stand when war came with Germany. c) He would not be able to unite the nation. d) He would try to dissolve the Parliament. Part 3. King George VI. I have a Voice
Ex.1. Choose the right answer.

1. Why did Bertie and Elizabeth come to see Logue the first thing he became King?
89

a) he wanted to apologise; b) he wanted to thank him and say good bye; c) he wanted to meet his family. 2. What did Myrtle, Logues wife, do when she came home and found the Queen in her sitting room? a) she called her Her Majesty and asked if she and His Majesty would stay for dinner. b) she got furious because her husband hadnt told her anything. c) she fainted. 3. What did the King ask Logue about? a) to continue working at his stammer; b) to come and meet his family; c) to help him with the Coronation speech.
Ex.2. Westminster Abbey is being prepared for the Coronation.

Match the beginnings with the endings. 1. The Archbishop wanted to guide the King through 2. The King wanted Logue to 3. Logue wanted Westminster Abbey to 4. The King wanted Doctor Logue to 5. Logue wanted King George VI to 6. During the war Logue helped the shell-shocked soldiers who were unable to speak to. a) be placed at their disposal for the rehearsal. b) the Coronation ceremony c) to explain why he had no training, diploma, no qualification. d) cope with their fear and to regain faith in their own voice. e) understand that war was his experience. f) be seated with his family in the Kings box.

Ex.3. Logue is a success. He finally makes The King say Im a King! I have a Voice.

Extend the idea of sentence A in sentence B. A B a)He said he was sure Bertie Logue never lied to Bertie would make a bloody good about his qualifications. King. 2. Bertie was afraid people would call him a Voiceless King b)He said anyone could sit here
90

A 3. Logue sat in St. Edwards Chair. 4. The King was angry that Logue wasnt listening as if he was a commoner and resisted him. 5. Logue was happy and proud to see the King so strong and determined.

B c)He said Listen to me! Im a King! I have a Voice! d)He said his plaque said L.Logue. Speech defects, no Dr., no letters after the name. e)and Mad King George-theStammerer, who let his people down in the hour of need.

Ex.4. 3rd September 1939. The country is at war with Germany. King George VI is going to speak to his people.

One of the sentences is not in the right place. Find it. 1. Its announced that the country is at war with Germany. 2. The King has to address the nation. 3. He immediately sends for Logue. 4. They have 40 minutes before broadcast. 5. They start rehearsing. 6. He goes to the broadcast room. 7. Churchill encourages him on the way. 8. Logue opens the window to get some fresh air. 9. He takes off his coat. 10. Logue arrives. 11. The King whispers a tongue twister. 12. Elizabeth kisses him. 13. He thanks Logue for everything. 14. Logue says, Say it to me as a friend. 15. He starts speaking: In this grave hour, perhaps the most fateful in our history, I send to every household of my people, both at home and overseas, this message spoken with the same depth of feeling for each of you as if I were able to cross your threshold and speak to you myself. For the second time in the lives of most of us, we are at war. Over and over again, we have tried to find a peaceful way out of the differences between ourselves and those who are our enemies; but it has been in vain. We have been forced into a conflict, for we are called to meet the challenge of a principle which, if it were to prevail, would be fatal to any civilised order of the world.
91

Such a principle, stripped of all disguise is surely the mere primitive doctrine, that might is right. For the sake of all that we ourselves hold dear, it is unthinkable that we should refuse to meet the challenge. It is to this high purpose that I now call my people at home and my people across the seas, who will make our cause their own. I ask them to stand calm and firm and united in this time of trial. The task will be hard. There may be dark days ahead, and war can no longer be confined to the battlefield, but we can only do the right as we see the right and reverently commit our cause to God. If one and all we keep resolutely faithful to it, then with Gods help, we shall prevail.
Ex.5. Who said it?

a) Everybody; b) Logue; c) Elizabeth; d) Bertie; e) The archbishop; f) Elizabeth, daughter; g) Margaret. 1. Its very good, Bertie. You still stammered on the W. 2. Congratulations, Your Majesty! 3. Thank you, Logue. Well done, my friend. 4. (stepping aside) Thank you, Your Majesty. 5. I knew youd be good. Thank you, Lionel. 6. Your Majesty, I am speechless. 7. Halting at first but then much better. 8. Splendid, papa! King George VI made Lionel Logue a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order in 1944. This high honour from a grateful King made Lionel part of the only order of chivalry that specifically rewards acts of personal service to the Monarch. Lionel was with the King for every wartime speech. Through his broadcasts, George VI became the symbol of the nation resistance. Lionel and Bertie remained friends for the rest of their lives.
92

UNIT 12. SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE

Ex.1. Answer the questions.

1. Where was Ram at the start of the film? 2. Why was inspector beating him? 3. Why did Ram agree to watch the DVD of the quiz show? 4. What did Ram learn when he was living with Father Timothy? 5. How did Ram know the answer to the first question? 6. How were Ram and his friend, Salim, like each other? 7. Who was Sethji and why did he visit the Childrens Home? 8. What did Ram and Salim do when they learnt the truth? 9. Why did Ram decide to go to Mumbai? 10. Where did Ram meet his friend Salim? 11. How did Salims story help Ram with the question? 12. Where was Ram living at the end of the story and who was he living with?
Ex.2. People in the Story. Who are the sentences about. Write a name next to the information. There are two extra names in the box.

Nita Balwant Singh Salim Smita Father Timothy Maman Neelima Kumari Shankar Colonel Taylor Prem Kumar Gudiya 1. 2. Smita She was Rams lawyer. He took Ram to live with him when he was a young child.
93

3. 4. 5. 6. 8. 9. 10.

He was the TV presenter. He left the childrens home. He owned the school for disabled children. She was a famous actress who Ram worked for. She was a young friend of Rams. He helped her. He worked in India for the Australian government. She was the girl Ram loved.

Ex.3. Places and Events in the Story. What happened in these places? Match 1-8 with a-h and complete the sentences.

1. The Church of St Mary, Delhi 2. The school for disabled children, Mumbai 3. Juhu, Mumbai 4. The chawl, Mumbai 5. Delhi 6. On the train to Mumbai 7. Agra 8. Prem Studios, Mumbai

a)Ram met Gudiya b)Ram worked for the Taylor family c)Ram met Nita at the Taj Mahal d)Ram and Salim had singing lessons e)Ram took part in the quiz show f)Baby Ram was found on Christmas Day g)Ram worked for Neelima Kumari h)Ram killed a robber

Ex.4. Can you remember if the sentence is true or false or doesnt say (T, F or Ds)?

1. Ram guessed the answers at the quiz show. 2. Ram didnt agree to watch the DVD of the quiz show with Smita. 3. Ram lived the first two years of his life with his mother. 4. Father Timothy gave the orphan boy the names that would help him. 5. Ram could sing well. Soon he became the leader at Delhi Childrens Home for Boys. 6. Neelima Kumari had been a very famous actress. 7. Ram worried after Neelima Kumaris death. He didnt have a job. 8. Ram was afraid to go to Mambai. 9. Ram and Nita were not old enough. They couldnt get married.
94

10. Salim discovered that Ahmed Khan was a friend of Mamans. 11. Ram wanted to be on the quiz show because he wanted to become famous. 12. Ram told Kumar that he wanted revenge, not money.
Ex.5. Complete the gaps. Use each word from the box once.

immigrant monsoon blind accused slums diplomat arrest commercial punished orphan presenter charity head and tails safe 1. Ram didnt know his parents. He was an .... 2. Many people do not have good living conditions in Mumbai. They live in .... . 3. Mumbai has a big problem with water, especially in the ... season. 4. The two sides of a coin are called ... . 5. Colonel Taylor represented the Australian government in India. He was a ... . 6. Swapna Devi put some money and a photograph in a special place called a ... . 7. Maman ... the children who did not earn enough money. 8. Some organisations help street children. This type of organisation is called a ... . 9. Surdas was a very famous singer who could not see. He was ... . 10. Prem Kumar asked the questions on the quiz show. He was the ... . 11. Before the billion-rupee question, there were two ... breaks. 12. Julie was born in Haiti but lived in the USA. She was an ... . 13. The television company ... Ram of cheating. 14. Ram wanted the police to ... Neelimas boyfriend for hitting her.
Ex.6. Write the letters in the correct order to make words from the story.

1. 2. 3.

EREUP RASI STIPER

rupee

Indian money a traditional Indian dress foe women someone who works in some Christian churches
95

4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

DEYMOC GEGARB DRATEGY VELERVOR NRLEGWODK TCAEH

9.

10. ZIQU 11. IRCIALEST

12. USLM

a funny film, play or television programme someone who asks for money on the street to live a film, play or television programme in which people suffer a small gun the information, skills, understanding that you have gained through learning or experience to behave in a dishonest way in order to win or get an advantage, especially in a competition, game, or examination a competition or game in which people have to answer questions judging and dealing with situations in a particular way according to what is actually possible rather than what you would like to happen a house or an area of a city that is in a very bad condition where very poor people live

Ex.7. Put the lines of the film review in the correct order.

We learn that the police have rested him because he is taking part in the popular TV quiz show Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? The ending is very exciting! The film starts quite close to the end of the story, where we see Jamal, the younger of the two brothers, in a Mumbai police station. The film Slumdog Millionaire, which came out at the beginning of this year, has had big au diences in cinemas in many different countries.
96

Bad things happen in the story and there is quite a lot of violence, but there is also hum our. He has already given the right answers to lots of questions and now has the choice to win a huge amount of money. One of the things that helps Slumdog Millionaire seem realistic is the fact that a few of the young actors are themselves from Mumbai slums. The film tells the story of two brothers growing up in a very large slum in the biggest city in India, Mumbai. The film then goes back in time and shows that Jamal knows the answers because of things that happened to him, his brother Salim in the past.

Ex.8. Prepositions. Write the correct preposition in the gap: about, for or at.

1. A man went around town to collect money ... a soldiers charity. 2. Neelima prepared ... the greatest role of her life. 3. Prem Kumar lied ... the answer to the final question. 4. Shantaram screamed ... his wife and daughter. 5. At first, Ram was vary excited ... going to the new school in Mumbai. 6. Ram worked ... Colonel Taylor. 7. Maman punished the boys ... not making enough money. 8. Prem Kumar didnt smile ... Ram at the end of the show. 9. The fortune-teller looked ... Rams hand. 10. Colonel Taylor knew ... things that happened behind closed doors.

97

UNIT 13. THE LORD OF THE RINGS. THE RETURN OF THE KING. BEYOND THE MOVIE
Ex.1. Compare the film script with Tolkiens text:

a) Compare the vocabulary. b) Compare the grammar constructions. 1. The film script IMAGE: A BRIGHT LIGHT suddenly flares ... FRODO squeezes his eyes shut, gasping. FRODO (frightened) Where am I? A FAMILIAR VOICE cuts through the swirl of sound. GANDALF (O.S.) You are in the House of Elrond, and it is ten oclock in the morning on October the twenty-fourth, if you want to know. INT. FRODOS BEDROOM DAY FRODOS eyes flicker OPEN ... He is lying in bed next to an OPEN WINDOW ... DAPPLED sunlight plays on richly carved timbers ... the sound of a nearby waterfall drifts through the VISTA of FIR TREES. FRODO (weak relief) Gandalf! ANGLE ON: GANDALF IS SITTING NEXT TO FRODOS BED ... softly puffing on his pipe. He smiles at FRODO. GANDALF Yes, Im here. And youre lucky to be here too. A few more hours and you would have been beyond our aid. But you have some strength in you, my dear Hobbit. FRODO sits up, looking at GANDALF questioningly... CLOSE ON: FRODO What happened, Gandalf? Why didnt you meet us? GANDALF I am sorry, Frodo. GANDALF ... troubled. His eyes drift away. GANDALF (CONT).
98

2. Tolkiens text Frodo woke with a splitting headache which was made worse when he realised that nothing that painful could be a dream. Where am I and why is everything so loud, he said before changing to a whisper. Oh, this was a bad one alright. You are in the Last Homely House or the first or maybe neither, as many homely houses have been built before and after this one. Suffice it to say that it is the house of Elrond and hes been hard at work up until last night trying to save your silly mortal hide. The voice was that of Gandalfs and Frodo never imagined any voice could be as loud as what he was hearing right now. Could you show some respect and keep it down. Please. People are busy dying here. Oh its not that bad, you could be dead already. Gandalf had turned away from the sideboard he had been standing at and was approaching Frodo with a fluted glass with a green concoction in it. Here, drink this, it will help you get over the hang ..., I mean, headache that you have. It has been close these past four days and we had to keep you well sedated while we forced the blood toward your brain again. Nasty work that was. We didnt finish until last night. Oh, by the way, dont worry, some women find scars sexy. I dont know which, Gandalf thought to himself, but Im sure there must be at least one somewhere. I was delayed.
Ex.2. Translate into Russian.

Tolkiens Prose Style and its Literary and Rhetorical Effects (quote) Michael D.C.Drout While J.R.R.Tolkiens prose style in The Lord of the Rings has been both attacked and defended, its details have seldom been analysed in terms of specific aesthetic effects. This lacuna in Tolkien criticism is certainly understandable, given the perceived necessity of first defending Tolkiens work as a worthy object of serious literary (rather than sociological or pop-cultural) study: critics have spent much effort countering ill-informed and even logically contradictory claims about Tolkiens work, and the discussion of writing style has had to be given short shrift in the effort
99

to make the study of Tolkien academically respectable. But the analytical neglect of Tolkiens prose style has had the unfortunate effect of ceding important ground to Tolkiens detractors, who, with simple, unanalysed quotations, point to some word or turn of phrase and, in essence, sniff that such is not the stuff of good literature. I would even contend that a reaction against Tolkiens nonModernist prose style is just as influential in the rejection of Tolkien by traditional literary scholars as is Modernist antipathy to the themes of his work, the ostensible political content of The Lord of the Rings, the popularity of the books, or even Tolkiens position outside the literary mainstream of his day (all of which have been well documented and countered by recent critics). A complete analysis (or justification) of Tolkiens style is beyond the scope of any one essay, but in this paper I hope to make a start at a criticism of some of the passages most obviously unlike traditional Modernist literature: the battle of owyn against the Lord of the Nazgul and Denethors self-immolation. The style of these passages is not, contra some of Tolkiens most perceptive critics, over-wrought or archaic. Rather, Tolkien produces a tight interweaving of literary references specifically, links to Shakespeares King Lear in both style and thematic substance with grammatical, syntactic, lexical, and even aural effects. His writing thus achieves a stylistic consistency and communicative economy that rivals his Modernist contemporaries. At the same time his treatment of Lear shows his engagement with ideas (in this case, the problem of pride and despair among the powerful) that have long been considered among the great themes of English literature. We begin our analysis with a subtle literary reference to King Lear that connects triangularly the Lord of the Nazgul, Denethor, and Shakespeares mad King. This reference is the Lord of the Nazguls threat Come not between the Nazgul and his prey which echoes King Lears Come not between the dragon and his wrath (I, i, 122). The two passages are syntactically identical, relying on the fronting of the verb come in order to delete the dummy morpheme do (the effect of this grammatical shift will be discussed in detail below). While it is true that the Lear passage and the RK passage do not mean identical things (the Nazgul is talking about something physical; Lear is more metaphorical), the similarity is significant: the passages can be transformed from one
100

to another with the mere substitution of two nouns, one of these being the substitution of one monster for another (Nazgul for dragon). This reference, then, connects the Lord of the Nazgul to Lear and invokes, through the principle of metonymy, the greater, more echoic context of the referenced literary tradition, creating a set of interconnecting references that can tell readers more about the characters involved than is explicit in the narrative. These links also provide some hints that can be used to understand better the complex interplay of ideas (aesthetic, political, moral, and religious) in The Lord of the Rings. Now one mere turn of phrase would indeed be a lot to hang a comparison on, but there are additional similarities as well as other information that we can use to show Tolkiens knowledge of and interest in Lear. Both these similarities and the shared themes, moreover, connect Lear not only to the Lord of the Nazgul, but also to Denethor. Examining, via the materials published by Christopher Tolkien in The History of the Lord of the Rings, the development of this passage and the description of Denethors suicide suggests that an original connection with Lear in the owyn passage went on to shape further the development of the character and actions of Denethor. That is, what was at first a onetime stylistic invocation of King Lear ended up shaping a number of characters, making more complex Tolkiens discussion of kingship, and allowing a further analysis of the moral and religious problems associated not only with the phenomenon that Tolkien, following W.P.Ker and E.V.Gordon, called northern courage, but also with the problems of kingship (legitimacy, authority, duty toward people) that are important components of The Return of the King. When Denethor finally descends into madness and attempts to burn himself and Faramir alive, he orders his servants (hitherto blocked by Beregond at the door of the tombs) to bring him atorch: Come hither! [End Page 139] he cried to his servants. Come, if you are not all recreant! (RK, V, vii, 130). Similarly Lear calls Kent recreant after Kent has criticised Lears treatment of Cordelia (I, i,170). Recreant is an unusual word even in such similar contexts. While it appears in Chaucer, Malory, and also in Shakespeares Henry VI part II, the OED lists no uses after 1897. I have been unable to find it anywhere else in Tolkiens corpus of
101

writings, suggesting that, although it is an anachronistic word, it is not a diagnostically Tolkienian anachronism (such as pale used as to describe a jewel or light, fell used both as an adjective and a noun, or, perhaps the infamous eyot). Thus its use bespeaks aconnection with (although it does not prove a definite source in) Lear that is not contradicted by further parallels. If you want to read the rest of the text use http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/tolkien_studies/v001/1.1drout.html The enduring popularity of The Lord of the Rings has led to numerous references in popular culture, the founding of many societies by fans of Tolkiens works, and the publication of many books about Tolkien and his works. The Lord of the Rings has inspired and continues to inspire, artwork, music, films and television, video games, and subsequent literature.
Ex.3. What is the reason for such popularity? Use the words given below in your answer.

Heroic romance Miraculous Enchanting Reality Validity Loyalty Devotion Siege Armoury Thought-out
Ex.4. The Lord of the Rings and the world culture: two-way influence. Mind the background.

We can feel an enormous background in Tolkiens works. Specific literature influences on The Lord of the Rings by European mythologies include the Anglo-Saxon poem Beowulf, which influenced the figures of the Rohirrim. Another Anglo-Saxon poem, The Wanderer, is paraphrased by Aragorn as an example of Rohirric verse. Tolkien may have also borrowed elements from the Volsunga saga (the Old Norse basis of the later German Nibelungenlied and Richard Wagners opera series, Der Ring des
102

Nibelungen, also called the Ring Cycle), specifically a magical golden ring and a broken sword which is reforged. In the Volsunga saga, these items are respectively Andvarinaut and Gram, and very broadly correspond to the One Ring and Narsil/Anduril. Shakespeares Macbeth also influenced Tolkien in a number of ways. The Ent attack on Isengard was inspired by Birnam Wood coming to Dunsinane in the play; Tolkien felt men carrying boughs were not impressive enough, and thus he used actual tree-like creatures.
Ex.5. Speak about The Lord of the Rings influence on modern culture. Prove your answer.

1. Where can we find this influence nowadays? 2. Do you know any other instances of classical literature influence on modern culture?
Ex.6. Match the heroes from the movie with real historical persons and explain your choice.

Aragorn Lewis and Clark; Gendalf George Pickett; Faramir Theodore Roosevelt; Frodo and Sam B. Franklin; Meridoc and Peperin Elizabeth I; Gimli and Legolas William Wallace; Sir Edmund Hillary/Tenzing Norgay; William Cecil.
Ex.7. Prepare some questions for the interview with the literary characters or actors. Ex.8. Guess the characters using Tolkiens descriptions.

1. Gandalf described him as taller than some and fairer than most, with a cleft in his chin perky chap with a bright eye, he had thick, curly brown hair, like most others. 2. Tolkien gives a description of him: lean, dark and tall with shaggy dark hair flecked with grey, grey eyes, and a stern pole face. It is also stated that he was the tallest in the Company. He is often grim and sad, with unexpected moments of levity.
103

3. He is an honourable, wise and stalwart warrior, favouring the axe as his weapon. 4. Tolkien describes him as the last of the wizards to appear in Middle-earth, one who seemed the least, less tall than others, and in looks more ages, grey-clad, and leaning on a staff. Warm and eager was his spirit. 5. A stranger, clad in green and brown, he is armed with a bow and arrows and one long white knife. He is also lithe and slender with bright keen eyes and ears and is fair of face as all of them are.
Ex.9. Fill in the blanks with suitable words from the list and translate the text.

Shire, Men, Bilbo, Frodo, Middle-earth, far back, shoes, feet, hair, discovered, forgotten, hospitable, bright colours, good-natured, drinking, bright-eyed. Prologue Concerning Hobbits As for Hobbits of the , with whom these tales are concerned, in the days of their peace and prosperity they were amerry folk. They dressed in ... ,being notably fond of yellow and green; but they seldom wore , since their had tough leathery soles and were clad in a thick curling ., much like the hair of their heads, which was commonly brown. Their faces were as a rule rather than beautiful, broad , , with mouths apt to laughter, and to eating and They were and delighted in parties, and in presents, which they gave away freely and eagerly accepted. It is plain indeed that in spite of later estrangement Hobbits are relatives of ours. Of old they spoke the languages of and liked and disliked the same things as we did. But what exactly our relationship is can no longer be The beginning of Hobbits lies in the Elder Days that are now lost and Yet it is clear that Hobbits had, in fact, lived quietly in For many long years before other folk become even aware of them. In the days of and of his heir, they suddenly become, by no wish of their own, both important and renowned, and troubled the counsels of the Wise and the Great.
104

It is interesting to know Everest Conquered, Himalayas, 29 May 1953 Edmund Hillary Mount Everest at 29,028 feet the highest peak in the world, was finally conquered in 1953 by British team led by Sir John Hunt. Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay made the final assault. I lay on the little rock ledge panting furiously. For the first time on the whole expedition I really knew I was going to get to the top. It will have to be pretty tough to stop us now was my thought. But I couldnt entirely ignore the felling of astonishment and wonder that Id been able to get up such a difficulty at 29,000 feet even with oxygen. I stood up and leaning over the edge, waved to Tenzing to come up. He moved into crack and I gathered in the rope and took some his weight. I had no idea where the top was. We were desperately tired now and Tenzing was going very slowly. Id been cutting steps for almost two hours, and my back and arms were starting to tire, my feet slipped uncomfortably down the slope. And then I realised that this was the last bump, for ahead of me the ridge dropped steeply away in a great corniced curve, and out in the distance I could see the pastel shades and fleecy clouds of the highlands of Tibet. I tried to discover a possible cornice, but everything seemed solid. I waved Tenzing up to me. It was 11.30 a.m. My first sensation was one of relief relief that the long grind was over, that the summit had been reached before our oxygen supplies had dropped to a critical level and relief that in the end the mountain had been kind to us. I should have been the lucky one to attain the ambition of so many brave and determined climbers. Tenzing unfurled the flags wrapped around his ice-axe and, standing on the summit, held them above his head. I felt a quiet glow of satisfaction spread through my body. The news of Hillary and Tenzing`s summing of Everest arrived in London in time for the Coronation of the new queen.

105

UNIT 14. ITS A LONG STORY (Audio story in 27 parts)

Listen to the story and do the following exercises


Parts 1-6
Ex.1. Listen to parts 1-6 and mark the sentences as True (T) or False (F).

1. Judy Parker works in a bank as assistant manager. 2. Sam Watson is in Rio de Janeiro with 50.000 pounds of the banks money. 3. Sam doesnt like Rio because the weather is nasty and people are very unfriendly there. 4. Sam wants Judy to come to Rio on April 15th. 5. Judy wants to tell the police where Sam is. 6. Judy doesnt want to go to Rio, she wants a quiet life. 7. Judy turns to Dr. Wagner for help. 8. Judy lives at 23 Carlton Road. 9. Dr. Wagner likes Judys friend Sam Watson.
Ex.2. Match column A with column B.

A 1.Judy Parker is twenty-two and she is


106

B a) to meet her at the airport

A 2.Sam Watson is in Brazil 3.Sam promises Judy 4.Judy looks out of the window and sees 5.Judy tells Dr. Wagner that she is

B b) two big policemen walking towards her house. c) intelligent and very pretty. d) in trouble with Sam and the bank and the police. e) in a small town on the coast near Rio.

Parts 7-10
Ex.1. Listen to parts 7-10 and choose the right answer.

1. Judy travels a) first class; b) tourist class; c) business class. 2. Judy is interested in the man who is a) tall, dark, and well-dressed; b) small, dark, and about 25; c) tall, dark, and casually dressed. 3. The stranger asked Judy a) to pass him a drink; b) what time it was; c) what her name was. 4. The young man walked to a) the toilets; b) a stewardess; c) the front of the plane. 5. The stranger turned out to be a a) a businessman; b) a famous film star; c) a hijacker. 6. The hijacker suggested that a) Judy put on her parachute; b) all passengers leave the plane; c) they fly to Turkey. 7. The stranger hijacked the plane because he wanted a) to fly to Turkey; b) it was his birthday;
107

c) he wanted to frighten the passengers.


Ex.2. Match the questions in A with the answers in B.

A 1. Where does Judy take a seat in the plane? 2. What is the stranger like? 3. Would you like a drink? 4. When will the plane be over the north of Scotland? 5. Where was Judy when she opened her eyes?

B a) He is incredibly handsome. b) In approximately one and a half hours. She finds a seat by the window. c) 100 feet above Loch Ness. d) Yes. Thank you very much. A whiskey, please.

Parts 11-14
Ex.1. Listen to parts 11-14 and mark the sentences as True (T) or False (F).

1. It took Judy and Jasper long to get to Jaspers castle. 2. Judys room was about 10 minutes walk from the main entrance. 3. Jasper, his sister and his parents lived in the castle. 4. Jasper showed Judy around the castle and told her about its history. 5. Judys plane was about three hours late and nobody knew why. 6. Judy was the last passenger who left the plane. 7. Sam Watson got a telephone message at Rio airport. 8. Sam flew to London though it was crazy to leave Brazil.
Ex.2. Choose the phrases on the right which complete the phrases on the left.

1.Judys room was beautiful, decorated in light blue and lilac 2.Out of a door came the old man with white hair and 3.Judys plane landed 4.Sam was afraid of flying because he couldnt understand
108

a) two hours and eight drinks later. b) how the plane stayed up in the air. c) a strong chance of prison. d) he was carrying his head under his arm.

5.In London there was rain, trouble, policemen, and

e) with some wonderful pieces of antique furniture.

Parts 1519
Ex.1. Listen to parts 1519 and choose the right answer.

1. Who brought breakfast to Judy the next morning? a) Jasper McDonald; b) a ghost; c) a butler. 2. How did Judy and Jasper spend the evening? a) they talked far into the night; b) they sang and danced; c) they walked about the castle. 3. How did Sam feel when he woke up? a) fresh and happy; b) exhausted and angry; c) terrible and gloomy. 4. Where did Sam order the pilot to take the plane? a) Rio; b) London; c) Loch Ness. 5. Where did Judy go when she left the castle? a) to the bus stop; b) to the lake; c) to the shop. 6. Who was an Olympic 400-metre gold medallist? a) Sam Watson; b) Judy Parker; c) Detective Sergeant Honeybone. 7. Was Jasper glad to see Sam in Scotland? a) yes, he was; b) no, he wasnt; c) it was just the same to him. 8. How did Sam get to the castle? a) on foot; b) by bus; c) in Detective Sergeant Honeybones arms.
109

Ex.2. Match column A with column B.

A 1.After a magnificent dinner, cooked by the ghost, Judy and Jasper... 2.When Jasper said goodnight to Judy he 3.After a wash and a shave Sam felt 4.Judy saw a man fishing in a boat 5.When Judy saw Sam in a womans arms Parts 2023

B a) kissed her very gently. b) and singing an old Scottish love song. c) talked far into the night. d) her mouth fell open. e) a little better.

Ex.1. Listen to parts 2023 and mark the sentences as True (T) or False (F).

1. Detective Sergeant Honeybone was Jaspers sister. 2. Sam enjoyed watching Judy and Isabel quarrelling. 3. The police were searching for the two hijackers of the Boeing 707 from Rio. 4. Jock McHaverty always wanted to be a doctor but after leaving school he became a bus driver. 5. When Jock was sixteen, he went on his first real holiday abus trip to the south of England and back. 6. Jock was one of the Companys most inexperienced drivers. 7. Loch Ness was an immensely deep lake in the north eastern Highlands of Scotland. 8. The first time a huge monster in Loch Ness was seen in 1943. 9. Despite some hazy photographs of the monster, mostly highly magnified, theres little evidence of its existence.
Ex.2. Match the questions in A with the answers in B.

A 1.Why was Isabel carrying Sam in her arms? 2.What was known about a hijacker of the Boeing 707? 3.What did Jock like about buses?
110

B )He liked the way they looked, the smell of the diesel fuel and the wonderful noise they made. b)The monsters were stranded in the loch when 60 million years ago it was cut off from the sea.

A 4.What did a motorist see in the loch in 1933? 5.What was a scientific explanation of the monsters existence?

B c)He wasnt feeling very strong. d)He saw a tremendous upheaval in the water. e)He was carrying a gun and could be dangerous.

Parts 24 27
Ex.1. Listen to parts 24-27 and choose the right answer.

1. Why was Dr. Wagner a little impatient? a) she had been stopped by a policeman on her way; b) she had been stuck behind the bus that was driving very slowly; c) she was late for an appointment. 2. What was Dr. Wagner interested in? a) strange and unexplained phenomena; b) car racing; c) photography. 3. What did Dr. Wagner see in the mirror behind her car? a) a bus that was driving very slowly; b) a woman carrying a man in her arms; c) police cars with flashing lights. 4. Why did the monster decide to go up to the surface of the loch? a) she wanted to frighten people; b) she was bored; c) she wanted to play with the fish. 5. Why didnt the monster usually go up during the day? a) she slept during the day; b) she was afraid to be seen by people; c) the light hurt her eyes. 6. Why did Dr. Wagner want to join Jasper, Judy, Isabel, and Sam? a) she was afraid to stay alone at the loch; b) she wanted an adventure; c) she wanted to meet the ghost. 7. Where did the whole company fly? a) to London; b) to Rio; c) to Aberdeen.
111

8. Did Jasper answer all Judys questions? a) yes, he did; b) no, he didnt; c) he promised to tell her later, because it was a long story.
Ex.2. Read and guess who said it.

1. Calm down, Mary. Youve got plenty of time. 2. I hope the ghost remembered to fill the plane up with petrol. 3. Isabel, you are my favourite detective. 4. Jasper, I have been a blind, blind fool. 5. Can ghosts get married?

112

UNIT 15. DEAD MANS ISLAND


by John Escott Audio story in 5 parts Listen to the story and do the following exercises Part 1
Ex.1. Listen to part 1 and mark the sentences as True (T) or False (F).

1. Carol Sanders spent her childhood in Hong Kong. 2. Jake Rosso, Carols favourite pop singer, died in the air crash. 3. Carols life changed after her fathers death. 4. Carol studied hard at college to get over the death of her father and Jake Rosso. 5. The Sanders moved to England from Hong Kong to begin a new life. 6. On coming back to London Carol looked for a job of a secretary. 7. Work on a private island in Scotland was a good chance for Carol and her mother. 8. Gretta Ross was a nice beautiful woman of about 40. 9. Gretta Ross was pleased when she learned that Carol and her mother had been away from England for 10 years.
Ex.2. Match column A with column B.

A .Carol lives in England now but 2.Jake Rosso died

B a) didnt want him to go away to Australia. b) a few years ago she lived in Hong Kong.
113

A 3.Carol loved her father very much and 4.The police came to college and 5.When in London Carol and her mother 6.The Savoy hotel was

B c) visited the Buckingham Palace, the Tower of London and other places of interest. d) big and expensive and in the centre of London. e) arrested some students. f) in a car accident.

Part 2. The Island


Ex.1. Listen to part 2 and choose the right answer.

1. The Sanders went to Scotland a) on a business trip; b) sightseeing; c) to work on a private island. 2. Gretta Rosss husband was a) a gardener; b) a businessman; c) a farmer. 3. Grettas hobby was a) painting; b) cooking; c) knitting. 4. Mr. Ross was a young man of about 30 with a) curly white hair; b) short dark hair; c) short fair hair. 5. Secretary of Mr. Ross was a) fired; b) on a business trip; c) in hospital. 6. Mr. Ross warned Carols mother that she would have to work late at night because a) there was too much work to do; b) of the time difference in New York and Tokyo; c) the documents were secret. 7. While talking with Mr. Ross Carol wondered why a) he had hired her mother;
114

b) he had married Gretta; c) he had hidden away on the island.


Ex.2. Match the questions in A with the answers in B.

A 1. What was business of Mr. Ross? 2. Why did it please Mr. Ross that there were a lot of rocks round the island? 3. What happened to the last secretary? 4. What were they? 5. Could Carol ride?

B a) She was at hospital. b) Mrs. Duncan was a housekeeper and her husband was the gardener. c) Yes, she could ride a horse. d) They kept other boats away. e) He invested money in companies all over the world.

Part 3. The Photograph


Ex.1. Listen to part 3 and mark the sentences as True (T) or False (F).

1. Mr. Duncan wasnt pleased with Carols work on the farm. 2. Carol often went riding around the island. 3. Carol didnt see her mother very much the first week because she worked all day and in the evenings. 4. The island and its all property belonged to Mr. Ross. 5. Mr. Duncan spoilt the picture of the house and of Mr. Ross which Carol had taken. 6. The door at the end of the passage was open and Carol looked in and saw a stranger. 7. Mrs. Sanders advised her daughter to stop playing detective.
Ex.2. Choose the phrases on the right which complete the phrases on the left.

1. Carol met Dan and Stella Parks 2. Carol enjoyed riding 3. Sometimes Mrs. Sanders worked 4. After work Carol walked along the beaches over cliffs or

a) and Smoke knew his way round the island very well. b) she went swimming in the sea. c) turned the handle. d) who were very friendly with her.
115

5. There were a lot of boats with tourists but 6. Carol came up to the strange door and

e) after Carol was in bed. f) they kept away from the dangerous rocks and the island.

Part 4. The Locked Room


Ex.1. Listen to part 4 and choose the right answer.

1. What did Carol see on a stormy night in one of the windows of the house? a) a light; b) a stranger; c) a black cat. 2. What did Carol hear when she came up to the door? a) a man was singing; b) noises of somebody moving about the room; c) people shouting at each other. 3. Who left the locked room? a) Mrs. Ross; b) a stranger; c) Mr. Ross. 4. Where did Mr. Ross put the key after he had left the room? a) into his pocket; b) under the door mat; c) in the plant pot. 5. What was the weather like on the morning when Carol woke up? a) it was fine and sunny; b) it was gloomy and rainy; c) it was stormy and windy. 6. Where did Mrs. Ross go in the morning? a) to Edinburgh; b) to the beach to paint; c) to Mr. Rosss office. 7. Where did Carol go when she saw that everybody was busy? a) to the kitchen to help Mrs. Duncan; b) to take pictures of the island; c) to the locked door.
Ex.2. Match column A with column B. 116

A 1.On a stormy night Carol was hot and 2.Carol saw that there were 3.She went along the passage and 4.Carol didnt move and 5.Mrs. Duncan was in the kitchen and 6.The boat moved away from the island

B a) turned the corner. b) her husband was working in the garden. c) six windows between her room and the locked door. d) she couldnt sleep. e) Carol waited till it was out at sea. f) and Mr. Ross didnt see her.

Part 5. A Dead Man


Ex.1. Listen to part 5 and mark the sentences as True (T) or False (F).

1. Looking at the dead Jake Rossos picture Carol remembered all the photographs on the walls of her room in Hong Kong. 2. Carol understood that Mr. Ross was Jake Rosso. 3. Jake Rosso was pleased that Carol recognised him. 4. Jake Rosso shared his secret with Carol. 5. Nobody on the island, expect Gretta Ross, knew Jakes secret. 6. Jake Rosso faked a car crash to make everybody believe he was dead. 7. Jake changed into a different person with the help of plastic surgery. 8. Jake needed the room with posters and photographs to remember his old life. 9. Carol told the news she had learned from Mr. Ross to her mother.
Ex.2. Match the questions in A with the answers in B.

A 1.What was there in the locked room? 2.Did Jake Rosso look different? 3.Who were the people on the island?

B a)Yes, he got short hair, moustache and he wore glasses. b)They were all Jakes family. c)He put some of his things in the car and pushed it over a cliff and burnt it.
117

A 4.What terrible things did Jake do when he was a pop singer? 5.How did Jake fake a car crash?

B d)It was full of strange things: coloured shirts and suits, three guitars, photographs and posters on the walls. e)He took drugs, drank alcohol and crushed cars.

118

APPENDIX
Part 1. Phrasal verbs: Studying Catch up to do something that should have been done before. Copy (smth) down to write exactly what someone has written or said. Drop out to leave something such as an activity, school, or competition before you have finished what you intended to do. Find out to discover a fact or piece of information. Hand in to give something to a person in authority. Hand out to give things to different people in a group. Keep up to continue to understand what someone is saying. Look (smth) up to try to find a particular piece of information by looking in a book or on a list, or by using a computer. Put up to raise something, especially so that it is ready to use. Read (smth) out to say the words that you are reading so that people can hear them. Sign up to put someones name on an official list for something. Swot up to study something very hard, especially for an examination. Work out to understand someone or something. Write (smth) down to write something on a piece of paper.
Ex.1. Complete the phrasal verbs with up or out:

1. My sister decided to drop _______ of university because she wanted to travel. 2. He missed some lessons last week, so he needs to catch ______ at the weekend. 3. Weve got a test on Wednesday, so I must swot ______ for it. 4. The teacher asked one of the students to hand ______ a sheet of paper to each person. 5. The level is too high I cant keep ______.
119

6. That course looks interesting I think Ill sign ______ for it. 7. Could you find ______ how many people speak English as a second language? 8. The students studied several examples and tried to work ______ the difference between say and tell.
Ex.2. Complete the phrasal verbs with in, down, up or out. Use two words twice:

If you copy a list of words from the board, you copy it . If you check the meaning of a word in a dictionary, you look it . If you read your essay to the class, you read it . If you raise your hand when you know the answer, you put it . If you write a new word in your vocabulary notebook, you write it . If you give your notebook to the teacher for marking, you hand it .
Ex.3. Complete the sentences with phrasal verbs from Ex.1 and Ex.2.

1. You can _______ the answers in the key. 2. Please dont _______ your homework a day late. 3. Look at these sentences with the superlatives. Can anyone _______ when we use most? 4. Emily, could you _______ these grammar books for me? One between two should be OK. 5. Ill _______ the phone number if you can read it out to me. 6. Can you _______ for the trip to the British Museum if you want to go? 7. Listen, everyone! Margaret will _______ the first part of the story. 8. If you use your dictionary, youll ____ what generosity means. Phrasal verbs: Getting in touch Copy (smb) in to send someone a copy of an email or letter that you are sending to another person. Cut (smb) off if someone or something cuts you off when you are talking on the telephone, they make the telephone line stop working.
120

Dash (smth) off to write or draw something quickly because you are in a hurry. Fire (smth) off to quickly send a message or give instructions. Get back (to smb) to phone, write, or speak to someone at a later time because you were busy or could not answer their question earlier. Get onto (smb) to write or speak to someone in order to ask them to do something for you. Get through to be connected to a place by telephone. Hang up to stop using a telephone at the end of a conversation. Phone in to telephone the place where you work in order to give a message. Put (smb) through to connect someone to someone to speak to on the telephone. Ring back to phone someone again. Send (smth) off to post something to someone. Send (smth) on to send a letter or a message on someones mail. Send (smth) out to send a lot of copies of the same document to a large number of people.
Ex.1. Complete the sentences with in, off, on or out. Use one word three times.

1. My credit card payment is due, so I want to send this cheque _______ today. 2. Dont forget to copy me _______ on that letter you are sending to Mr Morgan. 3. I have written that kind of letter many times, so I was able to dash it _______. 4. My flatmate moved out a year ago, but I still have to send _______ his mail. 5. I saw the bill and decided to fire a letter of complaint _______ immediately. 6. Our wedding is in August, so we want to send _______ the invitations in May.
Ex.2. Complete the text with back, in, off, onto, through or up. Use two words twice.

I didnt feel well yesterday, so I decided to phone (1) _______ sick this morning. I managed to get (2)_______ to the switchboard
121

alright, but then I got cut (3) _______. I had to ring (4) _______, and this time the operator was able to put me (5) ______ to my boss. Unfortunately, my boss wasnt very pleased about my news some important visitors were coming after lunch. He asked me to get (6) _______ to him by twelve if I thought I could come in for two oclock. If not, he would have to get (7) _______ another colleague and ask him to attend the meeting instead. My boss was so angry I thought he was going to hang (8) _______ on me.
Ex.3. Complete the sentences with phrasal verbs from Ex.1 and Ex.2. Use it or them where necessary.

1. If you telephone your place of work, you _______ . 2. If you write or draw something very quickly without putting much effort into it, you _______ . 3. If you send an application for a job by post, you _______. 4. If you send something to a lot of different people or places, you _______ . 5. If you connect someone to someone else by telephone, you _______ . 6. If you contact someone, especially by telephone or letter, you _______ . 7. If you make sure that someone receives a copy of a letter that you are sending to someone else, you _______ . 8. If you write a letter quickly because you are angry, you _______ . Phrasal verbs: Not doing things Back out to decide not to do something you agreed to do. Blot (smth) out (informal) to forget something unpleasant, or to make someone forget an unpleasant memory or feeling. Call (smth) off to decide that something will not happen. Chicken out (informal) not to do something you were going to do because you are too frightened. Drop out to leave something such as an activity, school, or competition before you have finished what you intended to do. Duck out of (informal) to avoid doing something that you were intending to do or had promised to do. Fob (smb) off (informal) to give someone something that is not what they want or need.
122

Get out of to avoid doing something that you should do or that you said you would do. Go back on to fail to do something that you have promised or agreed to do. Miss out (on) to lose an opportunity to do or have something. Pass (smth) up not to take advantage of an opportunity. Pull outto stop being involved in an activity, event, or situation. Shy away from to avoid someone, or to be unwilling to do something, because you are nervous, afraid, or not confident. Stand (smb) up to intentionally fail to meet someone when you said you would. Walk away from to stop being involved in a situation because it is difficult to deal with or does not give you any advantages.
Ex.1. Complete the sentences with off or out.

1. You dont have to go to the party tonight. You can still back if youd prefer. 2. For years afterwards, she wanted to blot the memory of the accident. 3. Theyll probably call the match . The grounds far too wet. 4. Tom said he would do a parachute jump, but I think hell probably chicken ! 5. I was too busy to sing in the choir every week, so I had to drop . 6. I complained about the service and they tried to fob me with some excuse. 7. The match isnt going ahead. The other team have had to pull .
Ex.2. Complete the text with from, on, of or up. Use each word twice.

1. You cant possibly duck out . going to the birthday party. He is your best friend, after all. 2. Ill be away when its Betsys party, so Im going to miss out. it. 3. She offered me a free cinema ticket, but I decided to pass it . 4. Can you think of a good excuse to get out . going to the meeting? 5. I know he is bossy, but dont shy away telling him your views.
123

6. You promised youd buy her a car. You cant go back what you said. 7. I know you dont like her very much, but dont stand him again. 8. Youll have to do something, Frank. You cant just walk away the problem.
Ex.3. Replace the underlined words with phrasal verbs from this page.

1. My brother used to avoid close friendships because he was nervous. _______ 2. Weve decided not to take advantage of the chance to go to the UK. _______ 3. We had to cancel the concert because two members of the band were sick. _______ 4. The shop tried to persuade me to take last years model. _______ 5. I cant avoid remembering those terrible events. _______ 6. I didnt fail to keep my promise. I did what I said Id do. _______ Do and make Do your best Do business Do a course Do a lot of damage Do a good job Do your homework Do the shopping Make a decision Make a difference Make an effort Make a living Make progress Make a promise Make time Do and make
Ex.1. Put the words in the box into two groups. 124

business progress time a course a decision a difference a good job a living a lot of damage a promise an effort the shopping your best your homework do _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ make _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________
Ex.2. Complete the sentences with the words from I and the correct form of do or make.

1. Work is very slow at the moment I dont think were _______ at all. 2. Youve _______ cleaning the kitchen. Thanks very much! 3. If you _______ and worked harder, youd do much better in your exams. 4. Im thinking of _______ at the local college, but Im not sure which subject to choose. 5. She was disappointed that he didnt help her he had _______ and now he was saying there was nothing he could do. 6. You cant spend any longer thinking about it. You have to _______ is it to be yes or no? 7. I _______ once a week at the local supermarket. 8. This place looks great now. Painting the walls that colour has really _______. 9. The fire at the restaurant has _______ to the furniture and kitchen equipment. 10. Even if youre both very busy, its important for your relationship that you _______ to do things together now and again. 11. It doesnt matter that you didnt win. Whats important is that you _______. 12. Have you _______ yet? We have to hand it in tomorrow.
125

13. You can earn a little money doing that kind of work, but you cant actually _______. 14. My uncles company _______ with a lot of customers in Asia. Part 2. Phrasal verbs: come, break, look, run To come About: to take place, to happen... Its difficult to explain how this quarrel came about. Across: to meet or find smb or smth by chance... In the shop he came across his wife. At, up: to approach... Christmas is coming up soon. Back on: to return Ive just come back from Paris. By: to get, to obtain A good job like that is hard to come by. Down: to reduce itself... A quarrel finally came down to different questions. In: to become fashion, to begin to be used Women suits came in after Coco Chanel. Into: to inherit... He came into a lot of money when his father died. Off = about Out: to be formally introduced In the 18th century girls came out when they were 18. Over: to take control; to happen to... A sudden fit of anger came over him. What has come over him? Round: to visit You should come round for dinner one evening and Ill give you the list of all the employment agencies of our town. To: to wake up after being unconscious I fainted, but came to myself very soon. to reach smth: A new political party has come to power. To break Down: to stop working (of cars, engines) My car broke down so I took it away. Into: to enter a place by force Thieves broke into while the family was away. Off: to stop suddenly When Jane came in, she broke off Lindas talk with me. Out: to begin suddenly Fire broke out after the earthquake.
126

Out of: to escape from a prison or similar place Weve thought over the plan to break out of jail. Through: to be successful after overcoming a difficulty She failed many times, but finally she broke through to pass her entrance exams. Up: to stop for holidays; to end (a fight etc.) We are going to break up for holidays in a few days. The army is on hand to break up any demonstrations against the regime. With: to separate yourself from... He broke with the Democratic party on the question of civil rights. To look After: to take care of Please, look after my child when I am away. Back: to review the past David looked back on his early struggles and felt happy. Down on (upon): to think of (a person or a thing) as less good or important Ann likes tennis but she looks down on football as too rough. For: to try to find, to search for... I spent all day looking for a job. Forward to: to expect smth with pleasure She was looking forward to that evenings day. Out: to take care, to be careful (usually used as a command or warning) Look out for the train! the sign at the railroad warned. Up: to check; to look for name, word Its a good habit to look up new words in a dictionary. Up to: to think of (someone) as a good example to copy. Mr.Smith had taught for many years, and all the students looked up to him. To run After: to chase... The ball rolled away and the children ran after it. Away: to leave and not plan to come back They warned the thieve not to run away. Into: to meet smb by chance; to join (mix) with; to reach an amount of several hundred, thousand I ran into my friend yesterday. A lot of small rivers run into the Volga. Out of: to have no more of We have run out of milk go to the shop and buy some. Over: to drive over At nights cars often run over small animals.
127

Ex.1. Use suitable preposition to change underlined expression:

) To come up, to come back, to come into, to come round, to come across, to come to, to come in. 1. Christmas is approaching. 2. I would have inherited a lot of money if he had died last year. 3. I returned from my months holiday last week. 4. He suddenly met his former teacher walking in the park. 5. When Jack woke up after being unconscious he was lying in an alley and his wallet was gone. 6. Wearing unisex suits began to be used after fashion revolution in 1960. 7. Are you going to visit our party this evening? ) To break off, to break down, to break out, to break up, to break into, to break with. 1. The cooling system of my car stopped working and the engines overheated. 2. Prince George has violated his family traditions by getting married to a shop assistant. 3. On Saturday night fire suddenly started and destroyed half of New York. 4. Promoters are people who help other relatively talented people to open the doors (of) the fashion industry. 5. Ann has torn her engagement with American transport millionaire. 6. In Germany all the schools stop for holidays in different months. ) To look for, to look after, to look forward to, to look out, to look up to, to look back, to look down on, to look up. 1. The Americans used to have very low opinion of Russias ways to defeat terrorism. 2. Try to find necessary information in (this book). 3. I often remember my school days and think about what happened. 4. Her mother takes care of the children while she is at work. 5. Ive lost my wallet. Could you help me to search for it? 6. He is a great example of all over the world for his philosophy of non- violence. 7. Im waiting for your coming.
128

8. Dont move! There is a snake near you. D) To run out of, to run after, to run away, to run into, to run into, to run over. 1. Stop chasing me! Ill pay no attention to you anyway. 2. We dont have any bread. We shall do some shopping. 3. I will never come back! She cried and disappeared immediately. 4. A car almost drove over my cat she is in hospital now. 5. I met my old friend yesterday. 6. If a black colour flows into white colour, well surely get agrey colour.
Ex.2. Fill in the gaps with proper prepositions:

A) To come (across, back, round, into, up, in, to). 1. Ive just come from the first night of Notre Dame de Paris and Im really inspirited. 2. Dont you have a birthday coming ? 3. Swimming competition for men came after World War I. 4. I came some old photos in the curio shop. 5. We definitely should comefor lunch to the Smiths. 6. I came after being unconscious for some time. 7. Ann came a lot of money when her old husband died. B) To break (down, into, out, up, off, with) 1. He has broken some friends who had changed in their ideas. 2. That man with an exquisite nose broke my heart and now I cant stop thinking about him. 3. When do you break for Easter? 4. The elevators in this building are always breaking . 5. The speaker was interrupted so often that he broke and sat down. 6. An epidemic of measles broke in the middle of the 19th century. 7. The policemen were needed to break the fight. C) To look (after, for, forward to, up, back, down on, out, up to) 1. I dont remember her phone number let me look it . 2. As Jane looked her life seemed good to her.
129

3. Mary looks our children while we are at work. 4. Young children look . older ones, so older children should be good examples. 5. Im looking hearing from you again. 6. Julie looked her classmates for their poor manners. 7. Helen has lost her purse. She is looking it. 8. Look ! John called as the car came towards me. D) To run (into, out of, after, over, away, into) 1. Many times Tommy said he would run from home, but he never did. 2. The trucks run gas again. 3. Some boys spend a lot of time and money running girls. 4. This small brook () runs a big river. 5. Guess who I ran in town today! 6. He was run by a bus and killed.
Ex.3. Choose the correct answer:

A) To come 1. Janes birthday is soon. We have to look for a great present. coming down coming up coming across coming off 2. Several trees in last nights storm. came down came to came across came over 3. We this wonderful little restaurant in the corner of the street. came down came across came at came by 4. Wait for me! Ill in a few minutes. come over come by come off
130

come back 5. The book two weeks ago. came down came across came out came up 6. The machinery use in the 19th century. came in came over came out came by 7. He the possession of the farm when his uncle died. came out came into came about came to B) To break 1. The principal when that posh lady wearing fur coat entered the room. broke out broke down broke into broke off 2. This terrible plane crash took place because the engines of the plane . broke through broke down broke with broke up 3. He my life like stormy wind. broke up broke out broke off broke into 4. Alice her husband because he was extremely rude. broke with broke down broke through
131

broke up 5. In Moscow University vacation too late last year. broke out broke up broke into broke down 6. War in 1812. broke down broke off broke out broke into 7. I was happy after having the examinations. broken down broken up broken into broken through 8. Its noteworthy that few prisoners manage to places they are kept in. break out of break into break up break down C) To look 1. Im a suitable hotel. Could you suggest one? looking out looking for looking forward to looking after 2. He me and didnt want to join a gym in my company. looked down on looked after looked back looked up 3. Every year children their holidays coming. look after look forward to look for look back
132

4. Who will the cat when you are out? look at look up look for look after 5. Never , you cant relieve the past. look out look back look down on look up to 6. Every child needs someone to and copy. look after look back look up look up to D) To run 1. I dont like her very much. She is annoying and always people. runs after runs over runs into runs out of 2. I flour when I was cooking your favourite apple pie. ran away ran into ran out of ran after 3. Do you know who I in the club Sasha! I havent seen her for ages. ran over ran into ran after ran away 4. ! I dont want to see you after everything that has happened! run over run into run after run away
133

5. The old lady fell seriously ill after being by the car. run away run over run after run into 6. I have a sport club. run after run away run over run into Part 3.
Ex.1. Fill in the correct preposition or adverb.

1. Our university usually breaks for the summer in June. 2. The car broke just outside Moscow. 3. We watched her face break ... a smile. 4. Three prisoners broke of the prison last night. 5. The man broke the house by smashing a window. 6. They got married a year before the war broke . 7. At the funeral, the widow broke and started crying. 8. I was brought in Germany but now I live in England. 9. When Kate fainted, her friend splashed her with water to bring her . 10. After trying to persuade them for hours, Jack brought them to his point of view. 11. Carry writing while I go and see the head teacher. 12. We carried . a survey to find out which radio station is the most popular. 13. Hold , I shant be a minute. 14. The police tried to hold the crowd. 15. You must get at the post office and walk two blocks. 16. I get well . my girlfriends family. 17. Im getting early tomorrow because I must finish my work. 18. William is getting well at school. His parents are proud of him. 19. My boss is getting . me! He likes to criticise people. 20. The dog got from me in the park. 21. I always get home in time for dinner. 22. He gave all his books to his younger brother.
134

23. Dont give ! Everything will be alright. 24. Dont trust her. She can give all your secrets. 25. The bank had to give all the money customers had paid. 26. This flower gives strange smell. 27. Theyve gone to New York for a few days. 28. The teacher went our papers to check for mistakes. 29. We are going holiday in three days. 30. The prices have gone by 15 percent. 31. I called his name but he didnt hear me. 32. The fire brigade was called when the fire broke . 33. The flight was called because of the fog. 34. My sister looks my dog when Im away. 35. Mary is really looking the journey. She cant stop talking about it. 36. Are you looking something? Yes, Ive lost the key. 37. If you dont know what the words mean, look them in the dictionary. 38. I cant make my mind whether to buy the book or not. 39. He always makes some strange excuses. 40. I cant make what he is talking about. 41. Lets put this discussion until tomorrow. 42. Put your hat before going out. Its cold outside. 43. Put your address and telephone number on a piece of paper, please. 44. Put your cigarette, please. Smoking is not allowed. 45. At the meeting the monitor put the idea of organising aworking group and everybody agreed it was a good idea. 46. I ran the letter when I was tidying the drawers. 47. The boy ran from home when he was 14. 48. Weve run eggs and sugar. I cant make pancakes. 49. I ran an old friend of mine as I was leaving the office. 50. The lecturer asked the students to take some notes. 51. Im taking my girlfriend to celebrate her birthday. 52. Take your shirt for me to examine you. 53. Julia really takes her mother! 54. Ive taken basketball to get some exercise. 55. The plane will be taking in 10 minutes. Fasten your seat belts, please. 56. Will you turn the TV set its too loud.
135

57. They offered him a good price for the picture but he turned them . 58. Alex wont turn until 6. She is always late. 59. You can always turn me for help.
Ex.2. Fill in the gaps with proper prepositions.

A) To put (aside, away, back, down, down to, in, off, on, out, through, up, up with) 1. There are some things that are not easily put and his damned impertinence is one. 2. The rest of the soup can be put for tomorrows lunch. 3. We knew of a couple of men being put because they were too badly wounded to survive. 4. They had put at a hotel in Fermay. 5. The fire brigade were still putting small fires started by the plane crash. 6. An outside call, Mr. Jones. Oh, put him . 7. You neednt put this accent, no one will ever take you for a foreigner. 8. Kindly put the book in its proper place. 9. He put himself on the Income Tax form as unemployed. 10. The boss said you would have to sign the papers, suddenly put Derek. 11. Ive been putting it and not thinking about it, hoping that something would turn up. 12. These were the buildings put in Czarist days. 13. Ill have to put something for retirement. 14. Someone at the back tried to catch the chairmans eye by putting his hand . 15. The clocks should have been put one hour last night. B) To go (about along at back by down into over (a)round). 1. How long have Eric and Hilda been going with each other? 2. The surveyor gave the house a thorough going- and advised us not to buy it. 3. Hed promised to help her; he couldnt go on his word. 4. Im afraid I shall never go with you about the reintroduction of capital punishment.
136

5. The two guys lost their tempers and really went each other. 6. Please dont go what I say! My taste in films is not very reliable. 7. Nothing would induce me to go the family business! On the other hand, I would not be opposed to going a business on my own account. 8. Do you go with me that fox-hunting is a cruel sport? 9. They used to be pirates in the days gone , but what I say is theyve never stopped being pirates. 10. A sheet of photocopies was given to her and Margaret went each one rapidly. 11. Peter hasnt the faintest idea how to go finding a better job. 12. The Chancellor said that these proposals would have to be gone very carefully. 13. The fifteenth century! Good Lord, I didnt realise that this title went that far. 14. I gave my name as Jessie Proctor. It went all right, and it matches the initials on my case. C) To look (around/about, after, ahead, beyond, down on/upon, for, forward to, in, into, on/upon, over, -out, out for, through, up, up to) 1. She had a look as she stood waiting for the bus to take her to school. 2. You can expect to find a multi-storey building on this site. Of course, I am looking five years when I tell you this. 3. Try to look present hardships to future happiness. 4. He didnt look from his newspaper when I entered the room. 5. The police are looking the disappearance of a quantity of uncut gems. 6. John, what are you doing with that torch? Just having a look 7. The police are looking burglars. 8. He was still a leading member of the local organisation, much looked for his maritime war experience. 9. I suppose the doctor will look when he gets a chance. 10. Retirement was eagerly looked especially after the mounting pressure of recent years. 11. Most people arent good enough to play in first-rate matches; they have to be content to look (to be -lookers).
137

12. Jeremy will soon be old enough to go to boarding school. We must be looking one. 13. Look , Peter, that step is not safe. 14. He has turned his back on everybody. No wonder he is looked . as a traitor. 15. The really unskilled people in the industry are looked by just about everybody. 16. He is a well-looked- child. 17. You must be as blind as a bat. I was standing ten yards away and you looked straight . Me. 18. I have looked . the statement and it seems to be in order. 19. Her green eyes looked them indifferently from under her dusty lashes. D) To bring (about, back, before, down, forward, in on/upon oneself, out, round, up) 1. He has gone away from home and nothing will bring him . 2. I think we are agreed on the main points. Does anyone want to bring anything further? 3. Legislation may be brought to abolish tobacco advertising altogether. 4. At the next Council meeting Henderson will bring ambitious plans for developing the city centre. 5. You neednt look to me for sympathy; you brought it all yourself. 6. The new boss is busy with his touring show and a vast contract that is reckoned to bring him $3000 a week. 7. The approved distance between motorway stopping points is about 25 miles. The Ministry is bringing it to 12 miles. 8. The book was an immense success and was frequently brought in new revised edition. 9. Wed better have a word together now. The proposal is being brought the Council tomorrow morning. 10. George fainted in the heat but was soon brought . 11. How should she present herself to him? As a lady of leisure, reading a book? Three minutes could bring this transformation.

138


. - . , . . . 117571 , -, . 88, . 446 .: (499) 730-38-61 E-mail: izdat.innov@mpgu.edu

129164 , . , . 6, . 2
. .

12.09.2011 6090/16. 8,75 .. 500 . 154.