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MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

6

6.1

. , , ,
.
.
- .

6.2

6.2.1
. 6.1 ijpm x,
y z.

. 6.1. . ( , , ,
- pijm mipj . .)

6-1
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

u, v w x, y z. ,

u
{f } = v .
w

(6.1)

(4.3)

u = 1 + 2 x + 3 y + 4 z .

(6.2)

ui = 1 + 2 x i + 3 y i + 4 z i

. .,

(6.3)

, u: ui , uj ,
up , um , 1 4 , (6.3)
.
(6.2) , (4.5)

1
{(ai + bi x + c i y + di z )ui +
6V
+ (a j + b j x + c j y + d j z)u j +

u=

(6.4)

+ (am + b m x + c m y + dm z)um +
+ (ap + b p x + c p y + dp z)up }

1
6 V = det

xi

yi

zi

1 xj

yj

zj

1 xm

ym

zm

1 xp

yp

zp

(6.5a)


v w.

6-2
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

V . ai ,bi ,c i ,di

xj

yj

zj

a i = det x m

ym

zm ,

xp

yp

zp

1 yj

zj

b i = det 1 y m
1 yp

zm ,
zp
(6.5)

xj

1 zj

xj
di = det x m

c i = det x m 1 z m ,
xp

1 zp

xp

yj

ym 1 .
yp

p, i,
j, m.
6.1, p, i, j, m
,
, .
:

{ }e

i

j
= ,
m
p

(6.6)

{ i }

ui

= vi
w
i

. .

{f } = [IN'i , IN' j , IN'm , IN'p ] { }e ,

(6.7)

N'i =

a i + b i x + c i y + di z
6V

. .,

(6.8)

I - 33.

6-3
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

6.2.2
. ,

x

y

{ } = z =
xy
yz

zx

.
u v

+
y x
w
v
+

x
z
u
w
+
z
x
u
x
v
y
w
z

(6.9)

(3.2) :

{ } = [B]{ }e

= Bi ,B j ,Bm ,Bp { } ,
e

(6.10)

(6.4) - (6.9) :

N'i
x

0
[Bi ] = N'

i
y

N'i

N'i
y
0

N'i
x
N'i
z
0

N'i

1
z
=

6V
0

N'i
y
N'i

bi
0

c i
0

di

0
ci
0
bi
di
0

0
0

di
.
0
ci

bi

(6.11)

6-4
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

, , ,
, , , :

{ 0 }

T
T

T
=
,
0

(6.12)

- , T - .
6.2.3

x

y

{ } = z = [D] ({ } { 0 }) .
xy
yz

zx

(6.13)

[D] = E(1 ) 1
(1 + )(1 2 ) 0

1
1

1 2
2(1 )

1 2
2(1 )

.
0

1 2

2(1 )
0

(6.14)

6-5
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

6.2.4

, (3.10), ,
.
rs 33

[k rs ] = [Br ]T [D][B s ]V ,

(6.15)

V - .
, , , (4.21):

{F}e

= [B] [D]{ 0 }V ,
T

(6.16)

i-

{Fi }e

= [Bi ] [D]{ 0 }V .
T

. 4 ,
.
X, Y, Z.
, , , .

6-6
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75