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MAIN PUMPING STATION - LV POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION

3.0

NOTES ON MAIN LVAC CABLE SIZING CALCULATION:(FROM FEEDER PILLER TO LVACDB) Considerations made on Main LVAC Cable Sizing Calculation
Cable Parameters are based on M/s Oman Cable Company Catalogue (Relevant sheets are attached) LV Main cables are of 1.1kV grade cables with Copper Conductor, XLPE insulated, PVC Sheathed, armoured type. (Ref.table #59 of Oman Cable Copmany catalogue Sheet. No.69)

3.1

a. b.

c. 3.0

All Voltage drops are checked with permissible limits of 2.5% as per Distribution company standard

Derating Factors for the LVAC Cable Sizing from the Transformer feeder piller to the 415V ACDB
Main Incomer cables from 1000 kVA F.P to MDB panel is proposed is as mentioned below: 2R x 1C x 630 Sq. mm Cu. XLPE insulated armoured cables for Phases and 1R x 1C x 630 Sq. mm Cu. XLPE insulated armoured cables for Neutral.

4.1

Temperature factor
Cables (or part of route) running in enclosed trenches entering control building: Table no. 67 of Oman Cable catalogues is referred Similar to above philosophy, in this part of the cable laying, the overall temperature derating factor is 0.9

4.2

Group Rating factor


Group rating factors are applicable for more than one trefoils or more than 3 cable together. Table no. 66 of Oman Cable catalogues is referred. Hence, in this case, for entire route length of the cable group rating factor is = 1

4.3

Thermal Resitivity factor


This factor is applicable in case of cables directly buried While in this case of cable, the same is not applicable as cables are placed in trench (air with restricted circulation. Hence, the same is taken as Table no. 75 of Oman Cable catalogues is referred. = 1

4.4

Depth of laying
This factor is applicable in case of cables directly buried or placed in duct bank. Table no. 69 of Oman Cable catalogues is referred. = 0.952

4.5

Overall Derating Factor


Considering the above, overall derating factor = Temperature Derating Factor x Group Derating Factor x Termal Resistivity Derating Factor x Derating Factor due to depth of Laying = 0.8568

MAIN PUMPING STATION - LV POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION


5.0

Sample calculation
Cable sizing calculation for incomer cable of Main DB incomer

5.1

Ampacity calculation :

Maximum demand load (Maximum con.load) Hence, FLC for this load b
Ampacity calculation :

= = = = = = = = = = =

709 kVA (Actual load 567.5 KW pf-0.8) 709/(1.732*0.433) 945.8888 Amp 1 0.9 1 0.952 0.8568 FLC/Overall derating factor 945.888825477761/0.8568 1103.979 A 4C x 240 sqmm 380 1104/380 2.90521 (from table-59 for armoured cable) Upreated current / Ampacity of each cable

Group derating factor (as explained in 4.2 above) Temp derating factor (as explained in 4.1 above) Thermal resistivity factor (as explained above) And, depth of laying factor Hence, overall derating factor is Uprated current

Cable size selected Ampacity rating Hence, required number of runs

= = = = =

Hence,1 run of 4C x 240 sqmm XLPE/Cu Cable per phase is selected. c

Voltage drop calculation :

Vdrop Where,

3 x I x ( R cos + X sin ) / N

I L r R

= = = = = =

Load current for each cable (A) Total Length of cable (M) Cable Resistance at 90C r.L 0.0989*300/10^3 0.02967 Cable Reactance x.L 0.071*300/10^3 0.0213 0.8 0.6 8 Number of runs = 0.0710 /km (From cable catalogue) = = 300 0.0989 m /km (From cable catalogue)

x X

= = = =

cos sin N

= = =

Values of r and x are taken from cable catalogue attached with this document. And 'L' is taken as 250 m for cable length in trench from TX-1 to Main ACDB. Hence, Vdrop1 = = 1.732 x 945.9 x [( 0.0989 x (300/1000) x 0.8 + 0.071 x (300/1000) x 0.6)] / 2 7.478 Volts = =

..Voltage drop
100 * 16.141 / 433 1.73 %

And hence, cumulative %ge voltage drop

Since voltage drop is within the limits of 2.5%, the cable size of 2 run per phase of 4Cx240 sq.mm and 1 run of 1Cx630 sq.mm for neutral selected is adequate.

MAIN PUMPING STATION - LV POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION


Reference Documents

MAIN PUMPING STATION - LV POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION

MAIN PUMPING STATION - LV POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION

MAIN PUMPING STATION - LV POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION

MAIN PUMPING STATION - LV POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION

MAIN PUMPING STATION - LV POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION

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MAIN PUMPING STATION - LV POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION

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