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HE 5-1161 -^ Classified No. HE 2-5959

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VOL 34-NO. 24

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How Charlie Gathered His Young Flock

By MARY NEISWENDER Staff Writer The saga of a Charles Manson who used guitar, song and kind words to gather teen-aged girls into a hippie tribe was unfolded in court Tuesday by one of the first girls who chose to "ride on the winds with Charlie." Two of Manson's three girl defendants Patricia KrenwinkeU and Leslie Van Houten had parents relate the good in them, but only Manson's parole officer had spoken about him, and he had little good to say. Then, red-haired 22year-old Lynette Alice Fromme, one of the first members of Manson's girl-oriented cult, took the stand to tell of "giving up" to one man, who, "has no evil." Wearing a jail uniform Miss Fromme smiled and blinked as she entered Los Angeles Superior Court. She has been in jail since December charged with conspiring to prevent a prosecution witness from testifying. Born and raised in the Santa Monica area, she was graduated from Redondo Beach High School and was in her first semmiimmiiiim

mester at El Caraino College in Torrance when she met Manson. "In b e t w e e n being kicked out, I resided with my parents," she said, adding quickly, "my father is an aeronautical engineer and I come from an upper middle-class family. "On this particular night

... I didn't have too many friends, so I hitchhiked to Venice, I figured that was a swinging piece to go, but when I got there it wasn't. "I was sitting down crying when a man walked up and said, 'Your father, kicked you out of the house." We talked and he asked me to come with
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him. I laid no because I was in school, and he said he'd like' me to come, but couldn't make up my mind for me, and started to walk away. "No one had ever treated me like that - he didn't push me so I (Continued Page A-3, Col. 1)
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GIs Back Up Viets in Laos- Of f ensive

Russ Say .
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United Press International

u.s.isin \Apollo 14 Careens Into

fore returning to the command cabin. By HOWARD BENEDICf The moon, which they described SPACE CENTER, Houston UP) Tuesday as brownish gray, loomed Apollo 14's astronauts, streaking to- larger and larger as their home planet ward the grip of lunar gravity, inspect shrank in the distance. their landing ship Antares today to Activity quickened as the astronauts make certain it is ready for a tricky neared their target and Apollo 14 swept descent to the moon's highlands Fri- toward a so-called "twilight zone" in day. which the gravitational influences of In early morning, Alan B. Shepard earth and moon are about equal. Jr. and Edgar D. Mitchell weretowig- At 7:23 a.m. PST today, the moon gle through a connecting'tunnel into will win the gravitational tug of war the lunar vehicle, leaving Stuart A. and file astronauts will be in the grasp Roosa in the command ship Kitty of lunar gravity. They pass this invisiHawk. The ships are linked nose to ble point when they are 213,540 miles 'nose.' ' ' '"' " from earth and 33,443 miles from the Inside the lander, Shepard and moon. Mitchell were to check switch settings, (Continued Page A-4, Col 2) communications and other systems beimmmmniiim Minimi nm I ilimniimiiliioiiiraiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiimiMiiii mimiiiiiii iiiiniE

THREE MANSON "family" girls are escorted from the las Angeles Hall of Justice Tuesday after Lynette (Squeaky) Fromme,; center,

testified in penalty phase of Tate-LaBianca trial. Others are Catherine (Gypsy) Share, left, and Ruth Ann Morehouse.
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The Soviet government HCentsonJfcclo.a|j Budget Calls newspaper Izvestia said a major force of South Vietnamese troops "under the AirMail, direct command of American officers" had invaded for Big Welfare Cuts Laos in an attempt to seize Hoodlums Carefully Plotted 8c Regular By BOB SCHMIDT The budget gives the As the governor prom- its southern provinces.
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Soviet and Japanese reports said Tuesday that an Allied force was pressing an offensive across the South Vietnamese frontier into Laos. Reliable U.S. sources said the o p e r a t i o n called for 25,000 South Vietnamese anl 9,000 American troops, but the U.S. ground troops were not crossing the border.

WASHINGTON (UPI) The new U.S. Postal Service Tuesday announced higher postal rates effective about May 15, including a new eight-cent stamp for letters and a hefty increase for second class mail to cover the chronic deficit costs of handling newspapers and magazines. Air mail would rise from 10 to 11 cents, post cards from 5 to 6 cents, third class bulk or so-called "junk" mail from a minimum 3.8 to 5 cents per piece, special delivery from 45 to 60 cents, and registered mail valued up to $100 from 80 to 95 cents. The increases, sure to arose protests from the publishing industry, were announced by assistant Postmaster General James W. Hargrove, who said they would put the postal System on "a sound financial basis for the first time in many years." HARGROVE said, however, that the new rates wouldn't necessarily improve mail service, and he served notice that further increases might be necessary to finance pay increases now under negotiation between the new postal service and employe unions.
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From Our State Bureau

SACRAMENTO-Gov. Ronald Reagan, banking on balancing the 1971-72 budget with help from a hostile Legislature, h a s proposed a $6.74 billion spending program.

Democratic-controlled Legislature three options: accept Reagan's proposals for mammoth cuts in welfare and Medi-Cal, make its own reductions in those programs and/or elsewhere in the state services, or raise taxes.

ised in his State of the State message, his budget, announced Tuesday, recommended no new or higher taxes.


ACTION LINE is your service, solving your problems, getting your answers, cutting red tape and standing up for your rights. To get action, write ACTION LINE, Box 230, Long Beach, Calif. 90801, or dial 432-3451 between 9 o.m. and 9 'p.m., Mcnday through Friday. Questions to be answered are selected for their general interest and helpfulness.

the five-volume, 2,800-page budget certain to spark controversy are: No cost-of-Iiving salary increases for state employes. No appropriation increase for the University of California, a.modest $5.4

Governor's budget puts the state college system in a "deep freeze." Page A-5. million increase for the state colleges and a demand that the systems accommodate, respectively, 4 per cent and 9 per cent enrollment hikes by increasing faculty teaching loads. A reduction in welfare services permitting a saving of more than $600 million in federal, state and local funds. A reduction in Medl-Cal services, which, combined with, the caseload decrease, resulting from proposed welfare eligibility changes, would permit a saving of more than $200 (Continued Page A-4 Col. 1)
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Go Down Under
Q. My family has been thinking about emigrating to Australia, and we would like to know where we can get some information on living conditions. R.R., Long Beach. A. Write to the Australian Consul-General, Crocker Plaza, 1 Post St., San Francisco. Calif. 94104, and they wiU send you housing, wage and employment information as well as requirements for permanent entry into Australia. In some cases Job skffls they are in need of the Australian government will provide up to $350 transportation assistance for each adult planning to settle permanently there. The assistance must be applied for before leaving for Australia. To obtain an application, write to the Congul-Gcneral's immigration division, and ask for visa and financial assistance information. (Continued Page A-3, Col. 1)

Defense Secretary Melvin R. Laird declared in Washington that no American ground troops are being used in Laos and none would be committed to action there. While he declined to discuss the details of the operation, reliable U.S. sources said the job of the Americans was to clear the way hi South Vietnam for the South Vietnamese troops to cross the border. The. Japanese news agency Kyodo said 5,000 South Vietnamese struck into Laos Monday aboard helicopters flown by American crews. In Saigon itself there was a blackout of news about the operation. The U.S. Military Command "embargo" on news has been in effect since last Friday. Washington sources said the 9,000 Americans assigned to the operation would be limited to operations within South Vietnam but at the same time be Indirectly involved in efforts to clear out part of a region extending into Laos where intelligence reports indicated a Communist buildup. The U.S. role in the offensive was reported to involve the clearing of the South Vietnamese part of (Continued Page A-4, Col. 5)

Rioting, Pitehess Declares

By GEORGE LAINE From Our L.A. Bureau leadership" from the Mexican-American community and said the moratorium leaders are doing "a grave disservice to the MexicanAmerican people." He said moratorium leaders have, by their actions, brought upon tern-, selves "a suspicion much greater than mere ineptitude." Pitehess was among a lineup of county officials who detailed the cost of the riot for supervisors. Chief Administrative Officer Arthur G. Will said taxpayers must pay at

Sheriff Peter Pitehess Tuesday blamed East Los Angeles, Sunday riot on careful planning and provocation by a small number of Mexican-American "hoodlums." Pitehess told the County Board of Supervisors the fifth march by the Chicano Moratorium Committee had produced only "a grim harvest-vandalism, arson, burglary, assault and death." He called for "better

least $277,000 in overtime for deputies and firemen and for repairs and replacements for destroyed or damaged county vehicles. Cost of the four previous moratoriums in East Los Angeles has exceeded $1.4 million, WiU noted. Pitehess angrily denounced the Chicano Moratorium Committee, saying it "accomplished nothing but destruction." LATER in a press conference, Pitehess said there was "no evidence of paid agitators" in the Sunday disturbance, which left one man dead, 37 injured and more than 90 arrested. Instead, Pitehess said, the rioting was "caused entirely by a bunch of hoodlum Chicanos." He acknowledged no tear gas was available to deputies arriving at the scene of the initial looting and of the only death in the three (Continued Page A-4, Col. 4)


MANDEVILLE, La. (UPI) The escape capsule from a secret Air Force FB111A fighter bomber, the bodies of its pilot and n a v i g a t o r strapped in their seats, was found in a dense pine forest about 30 miles north of New Orleans Tuesday night. State police and St. Tammany Parrish officials sealed off the area where the capsule was found. The plane disappeared while on a test flight Jan. 8. It's flight pattern reportedly had taken it as far east as Mobile, Ala. The plane was equipped with some of the most sophisticated navigational equipment available. The speed capabilities of the aircraft are still Air Force secrets.




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LEGISLATIVE probe of Queen Mary costs slated. Page A-7. CALIFORNIA congressman lends office to antiwar group. Page A-10. EX-CONS run market, cut thefts. Page A-12. HOW Minnesota Viking players cheated death during 30-hour ordeal. Page C-l. Amusements ... B-S Classified ....... C-5 Comics A-l Editorial B-2 Features B-S Financial... .A-18, II Obituaries C-l Shipping C4 Sports C-l-4 Television A- Vital Statistics .. .(54 Women B4,7

The International Beauty Congress, which for the past three years has been staged in Japan, will return to Long Beach in May. W. Robert Pierce, president of the IBC when it last was held in Long Beach in 1967, said the opening parade will be May 23 and the pageant itself will be May 26. At his request, the City Council

voted unanimously Tuesday to co-sponsor the pageant with the Japan Beauty Congress. "We ask the city for no funds," Pierce emphasized. "All budgetary requirements will be provided by the Japan Beauty Congress." Pierce said that for the past three years, the Japan Beauty Congress has "staged the outstanding, the most spectacular beauty pageant in the world." Last year's pageant, he said, was the

"feature event" of Expo '70 world's fair in Osaka. More than 5,000 persons were in its supporting cast. Pierce said the Japan Beauty Congress would pay all pageant costs, including use of the crcr.i. Pierce said he understands the Harbor Department may reinstitute its consular corps dinner as one event while the pageant was under way. The International Beauty Congress was first held in Long Beach in 1960 as a

sequel to the Miss Universe contest, held here from 1952 to 1959, when the sponsoring Catalina Swimsuit Co. moved it to Miami Beach. Katsumi Ishida, president of World Beauty Congress, Inc., which had staged the IBC eliminations in Japan for five years, asked Long Beach councilmen for permission to hold the 196t pageant in Tokyo. Long Beach retained title to the IBC and was carried in publicity releases as co-sponsor.

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