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1. The type of muscle found in the forearm is: a. b. c. d. voluntary muscle. involuntary muscle. integumentary muscle. contractor muscle.

Answer: a Objective: 20 1 !eference: "0# 2. The closed fracture of which of the following bone$s% has the greatest potential for internal blood loss& a. b. c. d. The tibia'fibula The femur The humerus The pelvis

Answer: d Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")2 *. +hich of the following statements about voluntary muscles is true& a. b. c. d. They are mostly located on the torso of the body. They ma,e up less mass in the body than do involuntary muscles. They have the ability to cause movement by e-tending. They generally connect to the s,eletal system.

Answer: d Objective: 20 1 !eference: "0# ). .uring your (A/012 in3uiry4 a patient reports that he had surgery to repair a torn ligament. 5ased on your training4 you ,now that a ligament is: a. b. c. d. a thic, muscle that surrounds a joint. a tissue that stabili6es two contiguous bone ends. a muscle that connects to a bone. connective tissue that connects muscle and bone.

Answer: b Objective: 20 1 !eference: "07 8. +hich of the following statements about musculos,eletal injuries is true& a. A sprain is an injury to a joint that involves the stretching or tearing of ligaments. b. (trains are injuries that occur to ligaments and to the joints to which they are attached.

c. A fracture occurs when a tendon connecting a muscle to a bone is overstretched and becomes injured. d. A dislocation occurs when a bone that forms part of a joint is bro,en. Answer: a Objective: 20 ) !eference: "12 ". The 9999999999999 can be injured when a hip is dislocated4 resulting in numbness or paralysis of a lower e-tremity. a. b. c. d. cranial nerve sciatic nerve tibial nerve central nervous system

Answer: b Objective: 20 7 !eference: "*1 7. :ou are assessing a )7 year old woman who fell about 20 feet from a chair lift. +hen you palpate her pelvis you note instability4 and she complains of pain. +hich of the following is your primary concern for a patient who has a potential pelvic fracture& a. b. c. d. !is, of infection ;nternal blood loss (evere pain 0ermanent deformity

Answer: b Objective: (upplemental !eference: "*14 ")2 #. +hich of the following signs has the potential for the most immediate life threatening conse3uences& a. b. c. d. .eformity of the femur An open fracture of the forearm .islocation of two fingers <repitus in the mid humerus

Answer: a Objective: 20 7 !eference: "18 =. :ou are treating a patient who is complaining of moderate pain in the right ,nee. The ,nee is swollen4 ecchymotic4 and fle-ed about )8 degrees. </( is intact. >ow would you treat this patient&

a. 0lace the patient on a long spine board and transport to the aid room4 where you can e-amine the injury more efficiently. b. (traighten the injured ,nee and then immobili6e it by attaching it to the other leg. c. (plint the ,nee in the position found before moving the patient. d. Apply a traction splint and straighten the ,nee until the pain is decreased. Answer: c Objective: 20 7 !eference: ""8 10. :our patient was struc, in the right upper arm with a baseball bat. +hich of the following signs or symptoms indicates the highest probability that the humerus has been fractured& a. b. c. d. <repitus felt on palpation 0ain in the right upper arm (welling in the upper arm .ecreased sensation in the right hand

Answer: a Objective: 20 7 !eference: "21 11. :our secondary assessment of a patient who is complaining of pain in his right leg reveals an opening in the s,in where the fractured tibia bro,e through the s,in and retreated bac, into the leg. :ou would recogni6e this injury as a$n%: a. b. c. d. open fracture. closed fracture. laceration. partial fracture.

Answer: a Objective: 20 7 !eference: "1* 12. :ou respond to a = year old boy who was injured in the terrain par,. >e is complaining of pain in his right wrist. ?pon e-amination you note deformity and swelling of the right wrist4 pin,ness of the right hand4 and a strong radial pulse. +hich of the following actions would be part of the proper care for this boy& a. b. c. d. (traighten the wrist to promote blood flow to the hand. /aintain the wrist below the level of the heart to decrease swelling. Apply a cold pac, to the wrist to reduce swelling. /assage the wrist gently to decrease the pain.

Answer: c Objective: 20 7 !eference: ")0

1*. A )2 year old man has fallen 28 feet while roc, climbing. >e hit the ground feet first and suffered open fractures to both tibias4 which are protruding through the s,in. +hen you arrive4 he is responding to painful stimuli. >is airway is open4 his breathing is ade3uate4 and his radial pulse is strong and rapid. At this point in his care4 it is a priority for you to: a. b. c. d. cover him to help prevent shoc,. loo, for other injuries. obtain a medical history from his friends. immobili6e the fractures.

Answer: b Objective: 20 7 !eference: "1= 1). +hen placing a person in anatomic position using the principles of 0ret6els and @ams4 are the head4 shoulders4 and buttoc,s put into a straight line& a. :es b. Ao Answer: a Objective: (upplemental !eference: "7) 18. A patient fell and sustained an open fracture of the left humerus. Assessment reveals that the bone has pulled bac, into the arm. 5leeding from the site is controlled. Bor which of the following reasons would splinting the left arm benefit this patient& a. b. c. d. A splint decreases the li,elihood of further injury to nerves and blood vessels. A splint starts the process of healing by aligning and connecting the bone ends. A splint eliminates the possibility of infection through the open wound. A splint converts the open fracture to a closed fracture.

Answer: a Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")0 1". +hich of the following emergency care measures for a patient with a possible bone fracture can be an effective way of reducing pain& a. b. c. d. Administering o-ygen therapy to the patient Applying warm pac,s to the fracture site (plinting the fracture /assaging the injury site

Answer: c Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")0

17. A patient has suffered an injury to his right leg4 and deformity of the tibia fibula region is obvious. After conducting a primary assessment and manually stabili6ing the leg4 which of the following actions should you ta,e ne-t& a. b. c. d. Apply a traction splint. Apply a Cuic, (plint. <hec, for a pedal pulse. Apply an ice pac, to the injury.

Answer: c Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")0 1#. A patient with a closed fracture to the mid forearm has been properly splinted when which of the following structures have been immobili6ed& a. b. c. d. The wrist and forearm The wrist4 forearm4 and elbow The elbow and forearm The shoulder4 elbow4 and forearm

Answer: b Objective: (upplemental !eference: "8" 1=. :ou are called to treat a 27 year old man who fell while snowboarding and struc, his leg against a tree. The primary assessment shows no threats to his airway4 breathing4 or circulation. A secondary assessment reveals a severely deformed ,nee that is swollen and ecchymotic. The leg is pale and cool4 and the patient cannot move the leg when as,ed to do so. ;n addition4 you cannot palpate a pedal pulse. +hich of the following actions should you ta,e at this time& a. b. c. d. Apply cold pac,s to the ,nee and then Cuic, (plint it in the position found. <ontinue attempting to realign the leg until a pulse returns. Apply a traction splint and enough traction until a pulse returns. Attempt to straighten the leg once to see if a pulse returns.

Answer: d Objective: (upplemental !eference: ""8 20. A "0 year old woman suffered an open tibial fracture when she stepped sideways on her foot while jogging. +hich of the following interventions constitutes appropriate care for this injury& a. b. c. d. Dently replace the protruding bone beneath the s,in. <lean dirt from off the bone and out of the wound before splinting the leg. Tightly apply a pressure dressing to the open wound. Apply a sterile dressing to the bone end and to the soft tissue wound.

Answer: d Objective: (upplemental

!eference: "*= 21. The benefit of applying a traction splint to a deformed femur fracture is that it: a. b. c. d. corrects the fracture. decreases pain. increases perfusion to the muscle. contracts the thigh muscle.

Answer: b Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")) 22. :ou are watching an O2< candidate apply a splint to an injured patient. :ou note that the splint appears to be loose4 and you assist the candidate in properly applying it. After you have delivered your patient to the aid room4 you e-plain to the candidate that a splint applied too loosely could result in: a. b. c. d. damage to muscles4 nerves4 and blood vessels. conversion of an open fracture to a closed fracture. decreased pain to the fracture site. new fractures along the bone.

Answer: a Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")0 2*. :ou and a fellow patroller respond to a snowboard injury in a 12 year old boy who fell on his outstretched arm. >is left wrist is swollen and ecchymotic. A radial pulse is readily palpated4 and the s,in on the hand is warm to the touch. +hich of the following instructions to your partner indicates that you have a proper understanding of the care for this patientEs arm& a. FAfter we splint his wrist4 we will need to apply a sling and swathe to prevent further movement.G b. F+hen you splint that arm4 ma,e sure that it is somewhat loose so the patient can move it if he becomes uncomfortable.G c. F/a,e sure to wrap that splint as tightly as you canH we need a lot of pressure to prevent additional swelling.G d. F(ince he still has a pulse in the arm4 the swelling must be from a muscle injury. +e can forego the splint and just apply ice pac,s.G Answer: a Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")0 2). :ou are wor,ing in the first aid room when a patient arrives with an open injury of the left lower leg. +hich of the following observations would indicate that the e-tremity was improperly splinted& a. The splint has immobili6ed the an,le4 ,nee4 and hip regions.

b. ;ce pac,s wrapped in towels have been applied to the s,in between the splints. c. The patient is able to fle- her left an,le when directed to do so. d. The s,in of the left foot is red and swollen and a pedal pulse is present. Answer: c Objective: (upplemental !eference: ""7 28. A patient e-hibits swelling and deformity to the wrist. +hich of the following positions for the hand is most appropriate when splinting this injury& a. b. c. d. Bingers curled slightly down around a roller bandage Bingers e-tended and spread >and in a fist with the thumb inside the fist +rist fle-ed with fingers e-tended

Answer: a Objective: (upplemental !eference: "8" 2". +hich of the following statements indicates that an O2< Technician has a good understanding of the proper care of a possible joint dislocation& a. b. c. d. F;f a joint injury is suspected4 ice pac,s4 but not splints4 are indicated.G FThe care for a patient with a joint injury is similar to that for a fracture.G F;f a distal pulse is absent4 three attempts to straighten the joint can be made.G F+arm pac,s4 not cold pac,s4 are indicated for a patient with a possible joint injury.G

Answer: b Objective: 20 * !eference: "02 27. +hich of the following assessment findings contraindicates the use of a traction splint to treat a femur injury& a. b. c. d. A gross deformity of the hip that indicates dislocation .ecreased pedal pulse rate Aumbness in the foot An open fracture

Answer: a Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")) 2#. +hich of the following statements about traction splints is correct& a. Once a traction splint has been positioned under the leg4 you attach the an,le hitch and then manual traction can be released. b. /echanical traction should be applied until the affected leg is appro-imately 1I2 inches longer than the unaffected leg.

c. /anual traction should be applied until the mechanical traction is at least e3ual to the manual traction. d. Once the mechanical traction has been applied4 the ischial strap must be released to promote circulation in the affected leg. Answer: c Objective: (upplemental !eference: ""1 2=. +hich of the following functions is not one of the several functions of bones& a. b. c. d. 0roviding structure and form for body tissues 0rotecting vital organs !esponding to sensory nerve stimulation to protect s,in and other tissues 0roducing red blood cells

Answer: c Objective: 20 1 !eference: "0* *0. .isplacement of the bones of a joint is ,nown as: a. b. c. d. a dislocation. a fracture. circumduction. dorsifle-ion.

Answer: a Objective: 20 # !eference: "18 *1. :ou are discussing a sling and swathe while teaching an O2< class about splints. +hich of the following statements regarding a sling and swathe is correct& a. ;t is used to immobili6e injuries to either the upper e-tremity or the lower e-tremity. b. ;t provides a stable platform for the arm and can be used to immobili6e either the arm alone or the arm with a separate splint in place. c. ;t is the second most commonly used splint by O2< Technicians. d. There is only one way to properly apply a sling and swathe. Answer: b Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")0 *2. A patient for whom you recently provided care stops by to than, you. >e reports that he was diagnosed with a strain to his lower right leg. +hich of the following structures is the primary structure affected in that injury& a. A joint b. A ligament

c. A muscle d. A bone Answer: c Objective: 20 1 !eference: "12 **. A fracture that has three or more fragments is called a$n%: a. b. c. d. impacted fracture. comminuted fracture. obli3ue fracture. pathologic fracture.

Answer: b Objective: 20 " !eference: "18 *). The Aational (,i 0atrolEs current recommendation regarding s,i boot removal when applying a traction splint is: a. that removal is determined by the weather conditions and the e-tent of the patientEs injuries. b. to leave the boot on until you have at least two other patrollers to help with its removal. c. that removal should occur in a warm environment4 so it should occur as soon as possible after you reach the first aid room. d. to leave the boot on if the patient is to be placed in a traction splint in the outdoor environment4 unless the local medical director approves doing otherwise. Answer: d Objective: (upplemental !eference: "70 *8. The inside layer of a joint capsule where cells ma,e a viscous fluid for lubricating the joint is the: a. b. c. d. synovium. cartilage. callus. fascia.

Answer: a Objective: 20 1 !eference: "0" *". @oints provide different degrees of movement. There are five different types of joints. An e-ample of a FpivotG joints is the: a. radio ulnar joint of the elbow. b. vertebrae of the spine.

c. acromio clavicular joint of the shoulder. d. ,nee. Answer: a Objective: 20 1 !eference: "07 *7. :ou respond to an accident and find a young man lying prone but in a neutral4 anatomic position4 e-cept that his head is turned to the side. ?sing the principles of @ams and 0ret6els4 you would say that this patient is in position: a. b. c. d. 2A. *A. *. 1A.

Answer: c Objective: (upplemental !eference: "7* *#. The most fre3uent injury in s,iing is a: a. b. c. d. concussion. ,nee sprain. thumb strain. fractured radius.

Answer: b Objective: 20 7 !eference: "*2 *=. The most commonly bro,en bone in the body is: a. b. c. d. the ulna. the clavicle. the tibia. a rib.

Answer: b Objective: 20 7 !eference: "2) )0. :our friend tells you that he wants to try snowboarding. >e is concerned about his safety and as,s you which type of fracture is most common in snowboarders. :ou learned in your O2< training that this injury involves the: a. b. c. d. humerus. elbow. tibia. radius.

Answer: d Objective: 20 7 !eference: "2" )1. +hich of the following statements would you ma,e to the parent of a 10 year old snowboarder who too, a hard fall and complains of some discomfort in a wrist that is slightly swollen but has no deformity& a. b. c. d. F;tEs probably just a sprain.G F;t could be a nondisplaced fracture and needs to be medically evaluated.G FThis is probably a pathologic fracture.G FThis loo,s li,e an open fracture.G

Answer: b Objective: 20 7 !eference: "1* )2.A fracture of a bone will cause bleeding4 and a hematoma forms around the fracture site. Over the ne-t several wee,s4 this hematoma organi6es into a substance called: a. b. c. d. a callus. calcium. cartilage. a synovium.

Answer: a Objective: 20 * !eference: "10 )*. +hich of the following musculos,eletal tissues does not heal& a. b. c. d. A tendon A ligament A muscle A cartilage

Answer: d Objective: 20 * !eference: "10 )). An airplane splint is useful for immobili6ing certain types of musculos,eletal injuries. +hich of the following statements concerning an airplane splint is not correct& a. b. c. d. ;t can be used to immobili6e either shoulder injuries or ,nee injuries. ;t is considered a rigid splint. ;t is used only for injuries that must be maintained at a =0 degree angle. ;t is generally considered more difficult to use than a blan,et roll.

Answer: c

Objective: (upplemental !eference: "80 )8. ;n order to ma,e a (A/ splintJ a FrigidG splint4 you need to: a. b. c. d. use it in combination with a wooden splint. ma,e a FTG shape lengthwise in its middle. fold it in a double thic,ness. use it in a sugar tong configuration.

Answer: b Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")) )". :ou are demonstrating boot removal to a class of O2< candidates. +hile e-plaining !escuer K1Es role4 you indicate that his first tas, is to: a. b. c. d. unbuc,le or unlace the boot. chec, the patientEs </(. stabili6e the patientEs leg and an,le. remove the boot.

Answer: c Objective: (upplemental !eference: "71 )7. The structure responsible for transmitting the force of a contracting s,eletal muscle to a bone is a: a. b. c. d. tendon. ligament. cartilage. joint.

Answer: a Objective: 20 1 !eference: "0= )#. +hile you are putting wood into your wood stove4 your hand comes in contact with the hot surface. :our body responds by pulling your hand away from the heat. >ow is this action accomplished& a. b. c. d. One or more s,eletal muscles receive a signal from the brain to contract. The smooth muscles in the arm automatically respond to heat. :ou use conscious thought to pull your hand from the heat. 2-tension of the ligaments in the elbow joint pulls the lower arm up.

Answer: a Objective: 20 2 !eference: "0#

)=. The ideal position for patients before you transfer them to a long spine board for immobili6ation is: a. on one side in a neutral anatomic position4 with the bac, straight4 the eyes facing forward4 and the e-tremities straight with the palms against the sides of the thighs. b. prone in a neutral anatomic position4 with the bac, straight4 the eyes facing forward4 and the e-tremities straight with the palms against the sides of the thighs. c. on one side in a neutral anatomic position4 with the bac, straight4 the eyes facing forward4 the lower arm e-tended above the head4 and the upper arm at the side with the palm against the thigh. d. supine4 in a neutral anatomic position4 with the bac, straight4 the eyes facing forward4 and the e-tremities straight with the palms against the thighs. Answer: d Objective: (upplemental !eference: "7* 80. :ou are wor,ing with a candidate O2< Technician who is practicing the application of splints. +hen chec,ing the sling and swathe that the candidate applied to an upper e-tremity4 you note that it is not applied correctly. :ou point this out to the candidate and tell him that the purpose of a sling and swathe is to: a. b. c. d. hold an injured arm up so that the patient doesnEt need to support it. prevent further movement of an injured e-tremity. hold a wooden splint in place. prevent the patient from using an injured arm when getting into a toboggan.

Answer: b Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")0 81. An air splint is a dual walled4 tube shaped device used to temporarily immobili6e a long bone. +hich of the following statements about air splints is false? a. b. c. d. They may help control bleeding by applying constant4 e-ternal pressure to a wound. They are most often used to immobili6e injuries located distal to the elbow or the ,nee. They are ine-pensive and easier to clean than other types of splints. They are made of a tough fibrous material that is difficult to puncture.

Answer: d Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")1 82. :ou are caring for a patient who has an angulated lower leg fracture. To splint this injury you should: a. use gentle longitudinal tension to align the fracture. b. apply 8I10 lbs of traction by pulling on the patientEs foot. c. splint the leg in the position found.

d. apply an air splint4 which when inflated will align the leg. Answer: a Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")74 """ 8*. :ou are caring for a 2" year old woman with a probable wrist fracture. 5efore applying a splint you as, her to remove her large engagement ring. (he hesitates and as,s why she should do this. +hich of the following responses would be an O2< TechnicianEs best response& a. b. c. d. FThe metal in the ring will interfere with ta,ing L rays at the hospital.G F:ou donEt want to lose your ring when they are caring for you at the hospital.G F:ou should remove the ring now because your fingers may become very swollen.G FThe diamond could get caught in the splint and ruin the ring.G

Answer: c Objective: (upplemental !eference: "80 8). One method for immobili6ing a clavicle fracture is a figure eight splint. +hich of the following statements about a figure eight splint is false? a. b. c. d. ;t is used to immobili6e fractures of the pro-imal and middle thirds of the clavicle. ;t should not be used for fractures of the lateral one third of the clavicle. This splint may immobili6e the clavicle better than a sling and swathe does. This splint is useful for acromioclavicular $A'<% injuries.

Answer: d Objective: (upplemental !eference: "82 88. To properly apply a figure eight splint4 an O2< Technician should: a. tighten the cravats so that the position of the shoulders is the same as if the patient were sitting normally. b. not use a cravat that is wider than 1 inch. c. place the cravat directly over the fracture to splint it. d. tighten the figure eight until the patientEs shoulders are pulled bac, tightly. Answer: a Objective: (upplemental !eference: "82 8". :ou and a fellow patroller are applying a blan,et roll to a )# year old patient with an anteriorly dislocated shoulder. +hile your partner holds the blan,et roll in position under the affected shoulder4 which of the following actions should you not ta,e in securing the roll& a. Tie one of the cravats over the patientEs opposite shoulder and around the nec,. b. Tie one of the cravats over the affected shoulder. c. (tabili6e the patientEs hand and forearm on the blan,et using two cravats.

d. Tie one of the cravats around the patientEs waist. Answer: b Objective: (upplemental !eference: "8* 87. :ou are evaluating a new O2< instructor who is teaching a class on displaced humerus fractures. +hich of the following statements by the instructor would re3uire your correction& a. FDentle longitudinal tension should be applied down from the shoulder in line with the normal a-is of the humerus while the upper arm lies along the side of the patientEs body.G b. FThe patientEs forearm should be placed with the elbow at a =0 degree angle and in contact with the patientEs abdomen.G c. FThe fracture should be reduced to achieve better pain control and pac,aging.G d. FThe splint should be long enough to reach the distal palm crease4 which immobili6es the wrist.G Answer: c Objective: (upplemental !eference: "8) 8#.+hen it becomes apparent that the arm distal to an elbow injury has a </( deficit4 O2< Technicians should: a. attempt to realign the injury when final definitive care by a physician is less than two hours away. b. splint the arm with the elbow slightly fle-ed. c. use only a sling so that no pressure that further compromises </( is put on the elbow. d. ma,e one attempt to realign and restore </( before splinting. Answer: d Objective: (upplemental !eference: "88 8=. +hich of the following splints should not be used to treat pro-imal forearm fractures& a. b. c. d. A ladder splint that goes up to the a-illa and down to the palm crease A splint that prevents rotation of the forearm at the elbow A sugar tong splint wrapped around the elbow and e-tending down to the palm crease A splint that does not immobili6e the elbow

Answer: d Objective: (upplemental !eference: "8" "0. +hich of the following statements about the a-ial s,eleton is true& a. ;t has "0 bones consisting of the s,ull4 vertebrae4 and thoracic cage. b. ;t has #0 bones consisting of the s,ull4 vertebrae4 and pelvis. c. ;t has #0 bones consisting of the s,ull4 vertebrae4 and thoracic cage.

d. ;t has 12" bones consisting of the s,ill4 vertebrae4 and pelvis. Answer: c Objective: 20 1 !eference: "0) "1. +hich of the following statements about the appendicular s,eleton is true& a. b. c. d. ;t has #0 bones consisting of the shoulder4 arm4 pelvis4 and legs. ;t has 12" bones consisting of the shoulder4 arm4 pelvis4 and rib cage. ;t has 12" bones consisting of the arm4 pelvis4 rib cage4 and legs. ;t has 12" bones consisting of the shoulder4 arm4 pelvis4 and legs.

Answer: d Objective: 20 1 !eference: "0) "2. +hich of the following terms does not describe a type of bone& a. b. c. d. 1ong (hort Blat ;rregular

Answer: b Objective: 20 1 !eference: "0) "*. +hich of the following splints should not be used for a wrist fracture& a. b. c. d. A Thomas (plint A (A/ splintJ An air splint A soft splint

Answer: a Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")84 ")" "). The outermost part of a bone is a tough lining ,nown as: a. b. c. d. the corte-. articular cartilage. synovium. the periosteum.

Answer: d Objective: 20 1 !eference: "0)

"8. +hich of the following terms does not describe a type of joint& a. b. c. d. 5all and soc,et >inge Dliding 0ost

Answer: d Objective: 20 1 !eference: "07 "". +hich of the following pairs of proteins causes muscle tissue to shorten or contract& a. b. c. d. Dlutamine and glycine Actin and myosin 1eucine and lysine Alanine and arginine

Answer: b Objective 20 1 !eference: "0# "7. A sling and swathe can be used for a: a. b. c. d. potential wrist fracture without the need for a separate splint. rib fracture. humerus fracture if combined with a separate splint. potential ulna fracture without the need for a separate splint.

Answer: c Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")0 "#. A vacuum splint wor,s because: a. the splint becomes rigid when air is suc,ed out of it. b. air e-pands the beads4 forming a rigid splint. c. air causes a chemical reaction involving the beads inside4 causing the unit to become rigid. d. temperature changes to the inside air space cause the unit to shrin, and become rigid. Answer: a Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")1 "=. An airplane splint wor,s well because: a. it is waterproof and thus suitable for outdoor use. b. it can be moved to conform to the angle of any injured joint. c. its design provides traction.

d. it is a rigid4 fi-ed stabili6ing unit. Answer: d Objective: (upplemental !eference: ")* 70. Treatment of an anterior ('< dislocation is best managed using a: a. b. c. d. figure eight splint. blan,et roll. rigid splint. sling and swathe.

Answer: d Objective: (upplemental !eference: "8* 71. (hould a fractured humerus be splinted using a soft splint and a sling and swathe& a. :es b. Ao Answer: b Objective: (upplemental !eference: "8) 72. 5ecause of the abundant blood vessels and nerves in the elbow4 an injury to a childEs elbow should be splinted in: a. b. c. d. the position found. a =0 degree angle. a )8 degree angle. an elevated position using a blan,et roll.

Answer: a Objective: (upplemental !eference: "8) 7*. The finding that upon muscle contraction the active motion of a joint is reduced or completely lost suggests: a. b. c. d. a dislocation. a ligament strain. torn cartilage. a ruptured tendon.

Answer: d Objective: 20 ) !eference: "1*

7). An injured forearm4 shoulder4 clavicle4 or scapula should be cradled in a sling: a. b. c. d. with the splinted e-tremity elevated at the level of the clavicle. with its weight evenly distributed. at a )8 degree angle to the chest. at the same level as the elbow.

Answer: b Objective: (upplemental !eference: "80 78. <are of an anterior dislocated shoulder: a. b. c. d. is easier than is care for any other upper e-tremity injury. re3uires only a sling and swathe to ,eep the arm in the position found. re3uires patience and sometimes creativity. can be achieved using a 3uic, splint.

Answer: c Objective: (upplemental !eference: "8* 7". <an a <ollesE fracture or Fsilver for,G wrist fracture result from falling on a clenched fist& a. :es b. Ao Answer: b Objective: 20 ) !eference: "27 77. A common injury to the carpal bones among snowboarders who fall forward on an outstretched hand is a fractured: a. b. c. d. scaphoid. ulna. radius. thumb.

Answer: a Objective: 20 ) !eference: "27 7#. A snowboarderEs fall over the toe side of the board onto an outstretched hand is ,nown as the: a. b. c. d. Fdrop bac,.G Ftwist.G Fdog drag.G Fmousetrap.G

Answer: d Objective 20 " !eference: "27 7=. :ou are dispatched to aid a snowboarder who has sustained a shoulder injury. The injured man is sitting on the side of the trail and reports that because of past dislocations of the shoulder he has a subluxation, and that the shoulder is o,ay. +hich of the following statements best describes his condition& a. The shoulder has become dislocated but with can be managed with prescription pain drugs. b. The shoulder has an anterior dislocation. c. The shoulder has a posterior dislocation. d. The shoulder joint partially dislocates and then returns to a normal anatomic position. Answer: d Objective: (upplemental !eference: "1" #0. A former patient returns to the (,i 0atrol treatment room to than, you for the treatment he received. >e informs you that he has a popiteal fossa injury. +ith your O2< ,nowledge4 you reali6e that his injury is related to which of the following structures& a. b. c. d. The an,le The bac, of the ,nee The wrist The lumbar muscles

Answer: b Objective: (upplemental !eference: "**

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