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ADMINISTRATION ASNT MODULE

MODULE 1
1. SNT-TC-1A 1992 is applicable to how a!" NDT etho#s$

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1*

+otto

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2. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- state e!ts is t'.e with 'espect to SNT-TC-1A$

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This #oc. e!t speci%ies the 'e/.i'e e!ts %o' establish e!t o% /.ali%icatio! a!# e0a i!atio! p'o-'a .

This #oc. e!t p'o1i#es -.i#eli!es %o' the establish e!t o% /.ali%icatio! a!# ce'ti%icatio! p'o-'a .

This #oc. e!t speci%ies the 'e/.i'e e!ts %o' establish e!t o% a /.ali%icatio! a!# ce'ti%icatio! p'o-'a .

This #oc. e!t p'o1i#es -.i#eli!es %o' the establish e!t o% /.ali%icatio! a!# e0a i!atio! p'o-'a

+otto
2. ,'itte! testi o!" o% /.ali%icatio! is te' e#3-

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Doc. e!tatio!

Ce'ti%icatio!

Testi o!ial

A.the!ticatio!

+otto
4. Ce'ti%"i!- a-e!c" is #e%i!e# as3-

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The E plo"e'

The O.tsi#e A-e!c"

The ASNT Le1el III

+oth The E plo"e' a!# the ASNT Le1el III

+otto

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5. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- NDT Le1els sho.l# be /.ali%ie# to set .p a!# claib'ate e/.ip e!t a!# to i!te'p'et a!# e1al.ate 'es.lts with 'espect to applicable co#es6 sta!#a'#s a!# sepci%icatio!s$

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Le1el I

Le1el II

Le1el III

Le1el II a!# Le1el III

+otto

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7. To be co!si#e'e# %o' ce'ti%icatio! at Le1el III a ca!#i#ate sho.l# satis%" which o% the %ollowi!- c'ite'ia$

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&o.' "ea's at colle-e o' .!i1e'sit" with a #e-'ee i! e!-i!ee'i!- o' scie!ce pl.s o!e "ea's e0pe'ie!ce i! NDT.

&o.' "ea's at colle-e o' .!i1e'sit" with a #e-'ee i! e!-i!ee'i!- o' scie!ce pl.s two "ea's e0pe'ie!ce i! NDT.

Th'ee "ea's e0pe'ie!ce as NDT Le1el II a!# o!e "ea's e0pe'ie!ce as NDT Le1el I.

&i1e "ea's e0pe'ie!ce as NDT Le1el II.

+otto

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(. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- state e!ts is %alse with 'espect to the ,'itte! 8'actice$

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The e plo"e' shall establish a w'itte! p'actice.

The w'itte! p'actice sho.l# #esc'ibe le1els o% 'espo!siblit".

The w'itte! p'actice shall be s.b itte# to clie!ts %o' acceptabilit".

The w'itte! p'actice shall be

ai!tai!e# o! %ile.

+otto
). The 'e/.i'e e!t %o' 1isio! e0a i!atio! a'e as %ollows3-

o% &o'

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9ae-e' 91 at a #ista!ce !ot less tha! 12 i!ches a# i!iste'e# a!!.all".

9ae-e' 92 at a #ista!ce !ot less tha! 15 i!ches a# i!iste'e# a!!.all".

9ae-e' 92 at a #ista!ce !ot less tha! 12 i!ches a# i!iste'e# a!!.all".

9ae-e' 92 at a #ista!ce !ot less tha! 12 i!ches a# i!iste'e# bi-a!!.all".

+otto

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9. The %ollowi!- 'es.lts we'e obtai!e# as a 'es.lt o% e0a i!atio!3 8'actical3 9*: ;e!e'al Theo'"3 7): Spec%ic Theo'"3 92: ,hat is the co posite -'a#e a!# has the ca!#i#ate passe# o' %aile#$

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)2.2: 8ass

)2.2: &ail

)5.5: 8ass

)5.5: &ail

+otto

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1*. The !. be' o% /.estio!s %o' Ult'aso!ic Testi!- at Le1el 1 ;e!e'al Theo'" is3

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2*

2*

25

4*

+otto
11. The !. be' o% /.estio!s %o'

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a-!etic pa'ticle i!spectio! at Le1el III speci%ic theo'" is3

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15

2*

2*

4*

+otto
12. ,he! ca''"i!- o.t p'actical e0a i!atio! at NDT Le1el III how 1a'iables a!# the e plo"e's p'oce#.'al 'e/.i'e e!ts$

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a! .!#e'sta!#i!- o% NDT

a!" chec< poi!ts a'e !ecessa'" to co!%i'

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1*

15

+otto
12. ,he! ca''"i!- o.t p'actical e0a i!atio! at NDT Le1el II the

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!. be' o% sa ples to be teste# is$

i!i .

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+otto
14. A ca!#i#ate %o' 'e-e0a i!atio! .st wait a i!i . o%3-

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( Da"s

2* Da"s

2* #a"s

Recei1e s.itable a##itio!al t'ai!i!- as #ete' i!e# b" NDT Le1el III be%o'e e0a i!atio!

2* Da"s a!# 'eceo1e s.itable a##itio!al t'ai!i!- as #ete' i!e# b" NDT Le1el III be%o'e e0a i!atio!

+otto

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a!" o!ths e0pe'ie!ce .st the ca!#i#ate

15. A ca!#i#ate is 'e/.i'e# to be e0a i!e# #i'ectl" to Le1el II i! 8e!et'a!t I!spectio!. =ow ha1e$

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+otto
17. O.tsi#e t'ai!i!- se'1ices

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.st be i! acco'#a!ce with the e plo"e's w'itte! p'actice a!# a'e the 'espo!sibilit" o%3-

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NDT Le1el III

O.tsi#e A-e!c"

E plo"e'

C.sto e'

+otto

o% &o'

1(. Colo.' co!t'ast #i%%e'e!tiatio! sho.l# be co!#.cte# .po! i!itial ce'ti%icatio! a!# the!3-

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A!!.all"

At 2 "ea' i!te'1als

At 2 "ea' i!te'1als

At 5 "ea' i!te'1als

+otto

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1). The e plo"e's ce'ti%icatio! shall be #ee e# $$$ whe! e plo" e!t is te' i!ate#.

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S.spe!#e#

A!!.lle#

N.lli%ie#

Re1o<e#

+otto
19. =ow a!" #i%%e'e!t tech!i/.es a'e i#e!ti%ie# i! lea< testi!-$

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+otto
2*. I!itial e0pe'ie!ce a" be -ai!e# si .lta!eo.sl" i! two o' etho# %o' which ce'ti%icatio! is so.-ht. o'e

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etho#s i% the ca!#i#ate spe!#s a i!i . o% $$$ o% wo'< ti e o! each

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2*:

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MODULE 2
1. The co#e o% ethics shall be $$$ .po! e1e'" pe'so! iss.e# a ce'ti%icate b" ASNT as a! NDT Le1el III$

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+i!#i!-

Optio!al

Ne-otiable

Ma!#ato'"

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2. A! NDT Le1el III

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.st be co pletel" $$$ i! a!" p'o%essio!al 'epo't state e!t o! testi o!"$

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8'e>.c#ice#

I pe'so!al

Ob>ecti1e

Co!1e!tio!al

+otto
2. A! NDT Le1el III who accepts -'at.ities %'o with$

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a" be cha'-e# .!#e' the co#e o% ethics

e/.ip e!t s.pplie's %o' speci%"i!- thei' p'o#.cts

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I p'ope' co!#.ct

Co!%lict o% i!te'est

U!a.tho'ise# p'actice

No!e o% the abo1e

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4. Co!%lict o% i!te'est with a! e plo"e'$

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Is .!acceptable

Ma" be acceptable i% a-'ee e!t o! co pe!satio! ca! be

a#e

Shall be #isclose# to the e plo"e'

Shall !ot be

a#e <!ow!

+otto

o% &o'
issio! is co!si#e'e#$

5. The .se o% e plo" e!t a-e!cies %o' sec.'i!- sala'ie# positio!s a!# pa"i!- o% a co

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U!acceptable

Acceptable

Ope! to '.li!- o% the Ethics Co

itte

A %elo!"

+otto
7. ,hich o% the %ollowi!-

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a" be -'o.!#s %o' a cha'-e o% a 1iolatio! o% the co#e o% ethics$

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Co!1ictio! o% a %elo!"

Re1ocatio! o% p'o%essio!al e!-i!ee's lice!ce

S.spe!sio! o% p'o%essio!al e!-i!ee's lice!ce

All o% the abo1e

+otto
(. A! NDT Le1el III shall se'1e which o% the %ollowi!-$

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E plo"e'

Clie!t

8.blic

All o% the abo1e

+otto
). ,hich o% the %ollowi!- state e!ts is t'.e$ A! NDT Le1el III shall...

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Iss.e !o p.blic stat e!ts

C'iticise NDT

atte's co!!ece# with p.blic polic"

Iss.e !o p.blic state e!ts which a'e pai# %o' b" a! i!te'este# pa't"

E0p'ess !o opi!io! o! NDT

atte's

+otto

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9. A! NDT Le1el III who 'e1iewe# wo'< that was pe'%o' e# b" hi sel% o! behal% o% a!othe' e plo"e' whe! a! e plo"e# p.blic o%%icial wol# be co!si#e'e#$

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Ethical

I p'ope' co!#.ct

Co!%lict o% i!te'est

U!a.tho'ise# p'actice

+otto

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1*. A! NDT Le1el III %aces a sit.atio! whe'e the =ealth a!# Sa%et" o% the p.blic a'e !ot p'otecte#. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- actio!s shall be ta<e!$

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Noti%" the p'ope' a.tho'it"

Re%.se to accept 'espo!sibilit" %o' the #eis-!

I% !ecessa'" se1e' 'elatio!ship with the e plo"e'

All o% the abo1e

MODULE 2
1. =ow a!" le1els o% /.ali%icatio! a'e #e%i!e# i! C8 1)9$

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+otto

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2. ,ho is 'espo!sible %o' the co!te!t o% the p'o#.ct tech!olo-" wel#i!- p'ese!te# as pa't o% t'ai!i!- o% NDT pe'so!!el$

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Metall.'-ist

,el#i!- e!-i!ee'

NDT i!st'.cto'

NDT Le1el III

+otto

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2. A #ete' i!atio! o% the si-!i%ica!ce o% a 'ele1a!t i!#icatio! is #e%i!e# as$

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E1al.atio!

I!te'p'etatio!

Assess e!t

App'aisal

+otto

o% &o'
to a speci%ie# NDT le1el is #e%i!e# as$

4. The s<ills6 t'ai!i!-6 <!owle#-e a!# e0pe'ie!ce 'e/.i'e# %o' pe'so!!el to p'ope'l" pe'%o'

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?.ali%icatio!

Ce'ti%icatio!

Testi o!ial

8'o%icie!c"

+otto

o% &o'
a!" "ea's o% NDT e0pe'ei!ce as a!

5. A co pa!" 'e/.i'es a!# NDT i!st'.cto'. The pe'so! i! i!# has !o aca#e ic c'e#e!tials. =ow NDT Le1el II o' e/.i1ale!t .st the i!#i1i#.al ha1e attai!e#$

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1 "ea'

2 "ea's

5 "ea's

1* "ea's

+otto
7. The 'e/.i'e e!ts %o' !ea' #ista!ce 1isio! a'e as %ollows$

o% &o'

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9ae-a' 91 at !ot less tha! 12 i!ches a# i!iste'e# a!!.all"

9ae-a' 92 at !ot less tha! 12 i!ches a# i!iste'e# a!!.all"

9ae-a' 91 at !ot less tha! 15 i!ches a# i!iste'e# a!!.all"

9ae-a' 91 at !ot less tha! 15 i!ches a# i!iste'e# bi-a!!.all"

+otto
(. I% a! i!#i1i#.al has !ot pe'%o' e# the #.ties i! the shall be$

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o!th pe'io# his ce'ti%icatio!

etho# %o' which he is ce'ti%ie# #.'i!- a!" co!sec.ti1e 12

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Re1o<e#

S.spe!#e#

Te' i!ate#

I!1ali#ate#

+otto

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). NDT Le1el III pe'os!!el shall be 'ece'ti%ie# b" the e plo"e' e1e'" %i1e "ea's b"$

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E0a i!atio!

ASNT Le1el III poi!ts s"ste s

@e'i%"i!- the i!#i1i#.als ASNT NDT Le1el III is c.''e!t i! each

etho# %o' which 'ece'ti%icatio! is so.-ht

,'itte! #oc. e!tatio!

+otto
9. ,ho is 'espo!sible %o' #oc. e!tatio! o% 'eco'#s o% ce'ti%icatio!$

o% &o'

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O.tsi#e a-e!c"

NDT Le1el III

NDT I!st'.cto'

E plo"e'

+otto

o% &o'

1*. The 'e/.i'e# t'ai!i!- ho.'s to -o #i'ect to Le1el II i! pe!et'a!t i!spectio! is$

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17

24

4*

+otto

o% &o'
Ahol#s Le1el IB is$

11. Total !. be' o% ho.'s i! NDT to be eli-ible to ta<e the Le1el II 'a#io-'aph" e0a

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2(*

4**

)**

12**

+otto
12. The i!i .

o% &o'
is$

!. be' o% /.estio!s i! a Le1el I 'a#io-'aph" -e!e'al theo'" e0a

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15

2*

2*

4*

+otto
12. The i!i . !. be' o% /.estio!s i! a Le1el II

o% &o'
is$

a-!etic pa'ticle i!spectio! speci%ic e0a

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15

2*

2*

4*

+otto
14. C81)9 #etails the i!i .

o% &o'
a!" etho#s$

'e/.i'e e!ts %o' the /.ali%icatio! a!# ce'ti%icatio! o% NDT pe'os!!el i! how

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1*

+otto
15. The .se o% a

o% &o'

ass spect'o ete' %o' lea< testi!- is co!si#e'e# to be a$

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Test tech!i/.e

NDT #iscipli!e

NDT

etho#

Test

etho#

+otto

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17. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is !ot !ecessa'" to a #oc. e!t as pa't o% the i!#i1i#.als NDT 'eco'#s$

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Aca#e ic /.ali%icatio!s

@isio! e0a i!atio!

Le1els o% ce'ti%icatio!

Reco'# o% p'e1io.s e0pe'ie!ce

+otto

o% &o'

1(. The e plo"e's 'ep'ese!tati1e who a# i!iste's the Le1el III e0a i!atio!s shall possess$

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,'itte! testi o!" %'o

the e plo"e'

A co pa!" Le1el III ce'ti%icate

A! ASNT Le1el III ce'ti%icatio!

Ce'ti%icatio! that the i!#i1i#.al has

et the applicable 'e/.i'e e!ts o% SNT-TC-1A

+otto

o% &o'
etho# o! a i!i . o% $$$

1). The p'actical e0a i!atio! at Le1el II the ca!#i#ate shall #e o!st'ate p'o%icie!c" i! the applicable NDT sa ples$

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1*

+otto

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19. The e plo"e' has #ee e# a! i!#i1i#.als co!#.ct has bee! .!ethical a!# his ce'ti%icatio! is the'e%o'e$

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Re1o<e#

S.spe!#e#

Te' i!ate#

I!1ali#ate#

+otto
2*. Rei!state e!t o% s.spe!#e# ce'ti%icatio! shall be #ete' i!e# b"$

o% &o'

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The e plo"e'

The NDT Le1el III

The o.tsi#e a-e!c"

Eithe' the e plo"e' o' the NDT le1el III

a" be co''ect #epe!#a!t .po! the NDT le1el to be 'ei!state#

ANS,ERS MODULE 1

1.

+otto +otto

2. +otto o% &o' o% &o'

10 2. This document provides guidelines for the establishment of qualification and certification program. 3. Certification 4. The Employer . !evel "" #. $our years at college or university %ith a degree in engineering or science plus one years e&perience in '(T. ). The %ritten practice shall be submitted to clients for acceptability. *. +aeger +2 at a distance not less than 12 inches administered annually. ,. *3.3- $ail 10. 40 11. 1 12. 10 13. 1 14. 30 (ays and receove suitable additional training as determined by '(T !evel """ before e&amination 1 .3 1#. Employer 1). .t 3 year intervals 1*. /evo0ed 1,. 4 20. 2 o% &o'

ANS,ERS MODULE 2

1. 1inding 2. 2b3ective 3. Conflict of interest 4. 4hall be disclosed to the employer . .cceptable #. .ll of the above ). .ll of the above *. "ssue no public statements %hich are paid for by an interested party ,. Conflict of interest 10. .ll of the above
ANS,ERS MODULE 2

1.

2. '(T !evel """ 3. Evaluation 4. 5ualification . 10 years #. +aegar +1 at not less than 12 inches administered annually ). 4uspended *. 6erifying the individuals .4'T '(T !evel """ is current in each method for %hich recertification is sought ,. Employer 10. 1# 11. 1200 12. 40 13. 1 14. , 1 . Test technique 1#. .cademic qualifications 1). .n .4'T !evel """ certification 1*. 2 1,. /evo0ed 20. Either the employer or the '(T level """ may be correct dependant upon the '(T level to be reinstated

8CN MODULE 1
1. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- #esc'ibes the 8CN 1isio! 'e/.i'e e!ts$

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8SL 44

ISO 9(12

EN 41(9

The 9ae-a' E"echa't

+otto
2. ,hat is the #ate o% i ple e!tatio! o% this #oc. e!t$

o% &o'

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*1.*2.*1

*2.1*.**

*1.*4.9(

*1.*1.92

+otto
2. =ow

o% &o'

a!" ho.'s t'ai!i!- a'e 'e/.este# %o' access to @is.al Testi!- L2 %o' a ca!#i#ate hol#i!- @T L1$

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17

24

4*

)*

+otto
4. ,hat is the a0i .

o% &o'

a o.!t o% o! the >ob t'ai!i!- which ca! be clai e# a-ai!st the t'ai!i!- 'e/.i'e e!ts i! ;e! 9($

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25: o% the ti e 'e/.i'e#

2*: o% the ti e 'e/.i'e#

22: o% the ti e 'e/.i'e#

5*: o% the ti e 'e/.i'e#

+otto
5. =ow

o% &o'

a!" ho.'s t'ai!i!- a'e 'e/.i'e# p'io' to ta<i!- the +asic Ra#iatio! Sa%et" e0a $

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No!e

17

24

+otto

o% &o'

7. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- #oc. e!ts is 8CN acc'e#ite# a-ai!st as a Ce'ti%icatio! +o#" ope'ati!- Ce'ti%icatio! o% 8e'so!!el$

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ISO 9(123 1992

EN 4(23 1992

EN 45*123 19)9

EN 45*123 19)9

+otto

o% &o'

(. ,hat is the #oc. e!t !. be' o% 8CNCs co#e o% co!#.ct %o' acc'e#itio! hol#e's$

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;EN 9(

ISO 9(12

C8 2(

8SL 21

+otto
). ,hich Appe!#i0 'elates to the ,el#s secto'$

o% &o'

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+otto

o% &o'

9. To which o% the %ollowi!- a!swe's #oes this #e%i!itio! 'e%e'$ The p'oce#.'e %o' 'e1ali#atio! o% ce'ti%icatio! witho.t e0a i!atio! a%te' the %i'st %i1e "ea' pe'io# o% 1ali#it".

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Rece'ti%icatio!

Re-e0a i!atio!

Re!ewal

@ali#atio!

+otto

o% &o'

1*. Details o% wo'< acti1ities a'e 'e/.i'e# %o' 'e!ewal o% ce'ti%icatio!6 which 8CN #oc. e!t #etails these 'e/.i'e e!ts$

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C8 17

C8 19

C8 2(

8SL 22

+otto
11. The pass a'< %o' all s.pple e!ta'" e0a s shall be$

o% &o'

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)*:

(5:

(*:

Depe!#s o! which

etho# is ta<e!

+otto
12. 8CN Test Ce!t'es will 'etai! e0a 'es.lts %o' a pe'io# o%$

o% &o'

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9 "ea's

1* "ea's

11 "ea's

12 "ea's

+otto
12. A cha!-e o% e plo"e' shall 'e/.i'e 'e-e0a i!atio!$

o% &o'

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T'.e

&alse

+otto

o% &o'

14. Applica!ts %o' Le1el 2 s.pple e!ta'" e0a i!atio!s shall be 'e/.i'e# to show e1i#e!ce o% the acc. .latio! o% poi!ts$

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T'.e

&alse

+otto

o% &o'

15. The p'oce#.'e %o' 'ece'ti%icatio! o% 8CN L2 ceti%icates is #etaile# i! 8CN #oc. e!t$

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O817

C81(

C819

8SL4

+otto

o% &o'

17. Calc.late the Co posite -'a#e %o' the +asic e0a $ 8a't A sco'e# (): a!# 8a't + sco'e# 94:.

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():

)*:

)5:

)7:

+otto
1(. ,hat 'es.lt #o these sco'es %o' a +asic L2 e0a

o% &o'

-i1e$ 8a't A sco'e# 7): a!# 8a't + sco'e# )4:.

Top o% &o'

&ail6 'etest at 8a't A allowe#

&ail6 !o 'etest allowe#

8ass

Mo'e i!%o' atio! is !ee#e# to #eci#e

+otto

o% &o'

1). ,hat 'es.lt #o the %ollowi!- sco'es -i1e %o' a 8T L2 e0a $ ;e!e'al (*: Speci%ic (*: 8a'ctical 9*:.

Top o% &o'

&ail6 'etest o% a!" pa'ts 2 allowe#

&ail6 !o 'etest allowe#

8ass

Mo'e i!%o' atio! !ee#e# to #eci#e

+otto

o% &o'

19. ,hat 'es.lt #o the %ollowi!- sco'es -i1e %o' a @T Le1el 1 e0a $ ;e!e'al 9*: Speci%ic 7): 8'actical 9*:.

Top o% &o'

&ail6 'etest allowe# o! speci%ic e0a

&ail6 !o 'etest allowe#

8ass

Mo'e i!%o' atio! !ee#e# to #eci#e

+otto

o% &o'

2*. ,hat 'es.lt #o the %ollowi!- sco'es -i1e %o' a UT ,el#s Metho# Le1el 2 e0a $ C1 (*: C2 )*: C2 )*:.

Top o% &o'

&ail6 'etest o% a!" 2 pa'ts allowe#

&ail6 !o 'etest allowe#

8ass

Mo'e i!%o' atio! !ee#e# to #eci#e

+otto
21. I! the Le1el 2 e0a

o% &o'

which pape' co1e's the .!#e'sta!#i!- o% 8CN ;e! 9($

Top o% &o'

C2

C2

A1

A2

+otto
22. =ow a!" /.estio!s a'e as<e# i! the ET Le1el 1 -e!e'al e0a $

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

2*

4*

2* D 4 !a''ati1e

4* D 4 !a''ati1e

+otto
22. =ow lo!- is calc.late# as bei!- allowe# %o' each

o% &o'
pape'$

.ltiple choice /.estio! i! a Le1el 2 e0a

Top o% &o'

2.5

i!.tes

i!.tes

1.5

i!.tes

i!.te

+otto

o% &o'
etho# how .ch wo'< e0pe'ie!ce is

24. ,he! co!si#e'i!- eli-ibilit" %o' Le1el 2 e0a s a!# NOT hol#i!- a Le1el 2 Ce'ti%icate i! that 'e/.i'e# - i% the ca!#i#ate #oes !ot hol# a #e-'ee$

Top o% &o'

12

o!ths

24

o!ths

4)

o!ths

(2

o!ths

+otto
25. ,hich o'-a!isatio! has acc'e#ite# 8CN as a! acc'e#itatio! bo#"$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

E.'opea! Co

issio!

ISO

UEAS

+INDT

+otto

o% &o'

27. It is possible to be e0a i!e# as a Le1el 1 Ra#io-'aphic I!te'p'ete'$

Top o% &o'

T'.e

&alse

+otto
2(. 8a't + o% the +asic L2 e0a .st i!cl.#e /.estio!s %'o

o% &o'
etho# %o' which L2 Ce'ti%icatio! is so.-ht$

the p'i!cipal

Top o% &o'

T'.e

&alse

+otto
2). The +asic e0a etho#$ is passe# i! Ma" 199) a!# the Metho# e0a

o% &o'

is passe# i! 9.!e 2*** #oes the e0a i!ee /.ali%" %o' a Le1el 2 i! that

Top o% &o'

Fes

No

+otto
29. The C2 e0a o% the Metho# Le1el 2 co p'ises$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

4*

.ltichoice /.estio!s

2*

.ltichoice /.estio!s

2*

.ltichoice /.estio!s pl.s 2 %'o

5 !a''ati1e

2*

.ltichoice /.estio!s

+otto

o% &o'
etho#.

2*. To which o% the %ollowi!- #oes this #e%i!itio! 'elate$ A speci%ic wa" o% .tilisi!- a! NDT

Top o% &o'

NDT Metho#

NDT Tech!i/.e

NDT I!st'.ctio!

NDT 8'oce#.'e

ANS,ERS 8CN MODULE 1


1.

74! 44 2. 01.04.,) 3. 24 4. 33- of the time required . 1# #. E' 4 0138 1,*, ). C7 2) *. C ,. /ene%al

2. 2. 4. 5. 7. (. ). 9.

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 1 . 1#. 1). 1*. 1,. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 2 . 2#. 2). 2*. 2,. 30.

C7 1# *011 years $alse True C71) *#$ail9 no retest allo%ed 7ass $ail9 retest allo%ed on specific e&am $ail9 retest of any 3 parts allo%ed .2 40 1. minutes )2 months :;.4 $alse True <es 20 multichoice questions '(T Technique

+otto

o% &o'

8RODUCT TEC=NOLO;F MODULE 1


1. 8'o#.cts .se# i! loa# ca''"i!- applicatio!s 'e/.i'e o'e ca'e%.l testi!- beca.se$

Top o% &o'

&ail.'e ca! ca.se loss o% li%e

&ail.'e ca! ca.se loss o% .se o% the p'o#.ct

&ail.'e ca! be e0pe!si1e

&ail.'e ca! ca.se #a!-e' to othe' st'.ct.'es

All the abo1e

+otto
2. Loa#s which a'e ost li<el" to ca.se %ail.'e a'e$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Si!-le #i'ectio!

M.lti #i'ectio!al

D.o #i'ectio!al

8ahse o'ie!tate#

+otto
2. The -e!e'al te' %o' a local 1a'iatio! i!

o% &o'

ate'ial co!ti!.it" is calle#$

Top o% &o'

A #isco!ti!.it"

A #e%ect

A! i!#icatio!

A c'ac<

+otto
4. ,he'e a! .!acceptable co!#itio! occ.'s i! a

o% &o'
ate'ial co!ti!.it" the te' -i1e! speci%icall" to this is$

ate'ial6 #.e to local 1a'iatio!s i!

Top o% &o'

A #isco!ti!.it"

A %law

A #e%ect

A!" o% the abo1e

+otto
5. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- co.l# be co!si#e'e# a #isco!ti!.it"$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

C'ac<

Cha!-e o% sectio!

D'ille# hole#

All the abo1e

+otto
7. The st.#" a!# #esc'iptio! o% a <!ow! as$

o% &o'
ate'ial is

ate'ial p'ope't" 'elate# to a!al"tical st.#ies a!# testi!- atte pts to /.a!ti%" the to.-h!ess o% a

Top o% &o'

&'act.'e

echa!ics

Accepta!ce sta!#a'#s

De%ect 'eliabilit"

De%ect a!al"sis

+otto
(. A %law which is #ee e# to be .!acceptable sta!#a'#s is calle#$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

A #isco!ti!.it"

A #e%ect

A! i!#icatio!

A ble ish

+otto
). ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is NOT co!si#e'e# a o#e o% %ail.'e$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

&'act.'e

8lastic #e%o' atio!

&ati-.e

Elastic #e%o' atio!

+otto
9. +'ittle %'act.'e is ost li<el" to occ.'$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

At hi-h te pe'at.'es

At low te pe'at.'es

U!#e' c"clic loa#i!-

I! a co''osi1e e!1i'o! e!t

+otto
1*. NDT is -e!e'all" !ot ca''ie# o.t o! cast i'o!s beca.se$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Cast i'o! is i!he'e!tl" %'ee %'o

a>o' #e%ects

D.e to the hi-h ca'bo! co!te!t cast i'o! ca! withsta!# hi-h te!sile st'esses

It is -e!e'all" .se# i! applicatio!s whe'e the loa#s a'e p'i!cipall" co p'ehe!si1e

The low cost o% cast i'o! ca!!ot >.sti%" the hi-h cost o% NDT

+otto
11. To a<e b" ha!#6

o% &o'
achi!e'"6 #e%i!es the$

achi!e'" o' b" a-e!c"3 To p'o#.ce b" labo.' a!# .sall"

Top o% &o'

Ma!.%act.'i!- p'ocess

E!-i!ee'i!- p'ocess

Machi!e'" p'ocess

Tech!olo-"

+otto
12. 8'ocessi!- is o!e o' o'e steps that cha!-e a 8'o#.cts$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Shape

8'ope'ties

Che ical a!al"sis

Shape a!# 8'ope'ties

All the abo1e

+otto
12. Cha!-i!- a

o% &o'

ate'ialCs shape ca! be acco plishe# i! which o% the %ollowi!- states$

Top o% &o'

Soli#

Li/.i#

8lastic

Soli# a!# Li/.i#

All o% the abo1e

+otto
14. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is a! e0a ple o% 'eshapi!-$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Casti!-

&o'-i!-

;'i!#i!-

All o% the abo1e

+otto

o% &o'

15. The p'ocess o% soli#i%icatio! #.'i!- casti!- ca! be li<e!e# to that o% the$

Top o% &o'

&o'-i!- p'ocess

Rolli!- p'ocess

,el#i!- p'ocess

E0t'.sio! p'ocess

+otto
17. Reshapi!- o% a ate'ial whilst i! a plastic o' se i-soli# %o'

o% &o'

is calle#$

Top o% &o'

Casti!-

Rolli!-

E0t'.sio!

All o% the abo1e

Rolli!- a!# E0t'.sio!

+otto
1(. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- co.l# be 'e%e''e# to as a! e!-i!ee'i!-

o% &o'

ate'ial$

Top o% &o'

8lastic

Co!c'ete

;lass

All o% the abo1e

+otto
1). ,hich o% the %ollowi!- p'ope'ties o% a

o% &o'
.!#e' <!ow! loa#s$

ate'ial ca! be .se# to p'e#ict the #e%lectio! o% a ce'tai! siGe bea

Top o% &o'

Te!sile st'e!-th

Elastic li it

Fo.!-es

o#.les

D.ctilit"

+otto
19. ,hich o% the %ollowi!-

o% &o'
ate'ial %o' a pa'tic.la' applicatio!$

.st be co!si#e'e# whe! choosi!- a! e!-i!ee'i!-

Top o% &o'

Cost

Loa#i!-

Mecha!ical p'ope'ties

I!spectio! costs

A!" o% the abo1e

+otto

o% &o'
ate'ial$

2*. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- co.l# e%%ect the p'ope'ties o% a! e!-i!ee'i!-

Top o% &o'

Co positio!

=eat t'eate# co!#itio!

C'"stal st'.ct.'e

Co positio! a!# heat t'eate# co!#itio!

Co positio!6 heat t'eate# co!#itio! a!# c'"stal st'.c.'e

+otto
21. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is classe# as a che ical p'ope't"$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Elect'ical co!#.cti1it"

The' al co!#.cti1it"

Co''osio! 'esista!ce

Machi!e 'esista!ce

+otto
22. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is classe# as a 8h"sical p'ope't"$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

De!sit"

Co!#.cti1it"

Melti!- poi!t

All o% the abo1e

+otto
22. A test #esi-!e# to #ete' i!e a

o% &o'

ate'ials castabilit" wo.l# be classi%ie# as loo<i!- %o' a$

Top o% &o'

Mecha!ical p'ope't"

8h"sical p'ope't"

8'ocessi!- p'ope't"

Che ical p'ope't"

+otto

o% &o'

24. I!te'!al %o'ces acti!- .po! i a-i!a'" pla!es c.tti!- the bo#" bei!- loa#e# a'e$

Top o% &o'

St'esses

8'ess.'es

St'ai!

&ati-.es

+otto
25. A st'ess ca.se# b" %o'ces at a! a!-le to the pla!e is <!ow! as a$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Co p'ehe!si1e st'ess

Te!sile st'ess

No' al st'ess

Shea' st'ess

+otto
27. A !o!-#est'.cti1e test is .s.all" classi%ie# as a$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

I!#i'ect test

Di'ect test

Dest'.cti1e test

I!#i'ect a!# #i'ect test

+otto
2(. I% a

o% &o'

ate'ial is loa#e# .!til its elastic li it is e0cee#e#6 what co!#itio! will occ.'$

Top o% &o'

The

ate'ial

a" %'act.'e

The

ate'ial

a" be wo'< ha'#e!e#

The

ate'ial will show !o ha' %.l e%%ects

The

ate'ial

a" %'act.'e a!# the ate'ial is$

ate'ial

a" be wo'< ha'#e!e#

+otto
2). The .lti ate st'e!-th o%

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Lowe' tha! the b'ea<i!- st'e!-th %o' #.ctile

ate'ials

Lowe' tha! the '.pt.'e st'e!-th %o' #.ctile

ate'ials

The sa e as the b'ea<i!- st'e!-th %o' b'ittle

ate'ials

No!e o% the abo1e

+otto
29. The o#.l.s o% elasticit" is also <!ow! as$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

St'essCs

o#.l.s

Fo.!-Cs

o#.l.s

St'ai!Cs

o#.l.s

Resilie!ce

+otto
2*. ,hich o% the %ollowi!-

o% &o'

ate'ials e0hibits bette' co p'essi1e st'e!-th tha! te!sile st'e!-th$

Top o% &o'

Cast i'o!

Co!c'ete

,oo#

Co!c'ete a!# woo#

All the abo1e

+otto
21. ,he! a

o% &o'

etal is 1e'" b'ittle which test is .se# to 'eplace the te!sile test$

Top o% &o'

The shea' test

The t'a!s1e'se '.pt.'e test

The co p'essio! test

The e!#.'a!ce test

+otto
22. &ati-.e %ail.'e a" i!itiate %'o $

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

A! a'ea o% co''osio!

A! i!te'!al %law

A s.'%ace !otch

All the abo1e

+otto
22. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is a Notche# +a' test$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Te!sile i pact test

Cha'ph" test

IGo# test

Cha'p" test a!# iGo# test

All the abo1e

+otto
24. =a'#!ess tests ca! be .se# to #ete' i!e ate'ial$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

=a'#!ess

Co positio!

=eat t'eate# co!#itio!

All the abo1e

+otto
25. The s.pe'%icial Roc<well test is ca''ie# o.t o! ate'ials that$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

O!l" allow 1e'" s all s.'%ace ble ishes

A'e 1e'" #.ctile

=a1e 1e'" la'-e s.'%ace a'eas

No!e o% the abo1e

+otto
27. Calc.late the %acto' o% sa%et" -i1e! that a pe' s/.a'e i!ch$

o% &o'

ate'ials has a wo'<i!- st'ess o% 156 *** ibs pe' s/.a'e i!ch a!# a! elastic li it o% 7*6 *** lbs

Top o% &o'

+otto
2(. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is a !otche# ba' test$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Cha'p"

C'eep

IGo#

Cha'p" a!# IGo#

All o% the abo1e

+otto
2). To what a!-le sho.l# a be!# test be !o' all" be!t$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

1)* #e-'ees

15* #e-'ees

9* #e-'ees

No!e o% the abo1e

+otto
29. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is a ha'#!ess test$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Roc<well

C'eep

Cha'p"

IGo#

+otto
4*. St'esses that act alo!- o' pa'allel to a pla!e a'e <!ow! as$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Shea' st'esses

Te!sile st'esses

Co p'essi1e st'esses

All o% the abo1e

8RODUCT TEC=NOLO;F MODULE 2


1. Elect'o!s i! a! ato ca! e0ist$

Top o% &o'

O!l" i! e0act e!e'-" le1els

O!l" i! e0act e!e'-" shells

At 'a!#o

th'o.-ho.t the ato

I! E0act e!e'-" le1els a!# i! e0act e!e'-" shells

All the abo1e

+otto
2. A

o% &o'

ate'ial that has hi-h ha'#!ess a!# -oo# elect'ical a!# the' al co!!ecti1it" is <!ow! as$

Top o% &o'

A plastic

ate'ial

A ce'a ic

ate'ial

etallic

ate'ial

A li/.i# 2. ,hat te'

ate'ial

+otto
is .se# to #e%i!e the cha!-e o% state #i'ectl" %'o

o% &o'

soli# to -as$

Top o% &o'

C'"stalisatio!

@apo'isatio!

S.bli atio!

No!e o% the abo1e

+otto

o% &o'

4. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is a c'"stal lattice that has !i!e ato s6 ei-ht at each co'!e' a!# o!e ce!t'all" betwee! the $

Top o% &o'

=e0a-o!al close pac<i!-

+o#" ce!t'e# c.bic

&ace ce!t'e# c.bic

+o#" ce!t'e# tet'a-o!al

+otto
5. ,hich o% the %ollowi!ate'ials is +o#" ce!t'e# c.bic at 'oo

o% &o'

te pe'at.'e$

Top o% &o'

Coppe'

;ol#

I'o!

Nic<el

+otto
7. A p'ope't" o% a %i!e -'ai! ate'ial is that it will$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Machi!e

o'e easil" tha! co'se -'ai!

Case ha'#e!

o'e easil" tha! coa'se -'ai!

=a1e hi-he' st'e!-th tha! coa'se -'ai!

All the abo1e

+otto
(. 8e' a!e!t #e%o' atio! ca! occ.' i! which o% the %ollowi!- wa"s$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Static #e%o' atio!

Twi!!i!- #e%o' atio!

Elastic #e%o' atio!

All o% the abo1e

+otto
). ,o'< #o!e to p'o#.ce plastic #e%o' atio! below a

o% &o'

ate'ials 'e-c'"stallisatio! te pe'at.'e is <!ow! as$

Top o% &o'

Reco1e'" wo'<

Col# wo'<

Twi!!i!-

8lasticit" wo'<

+otto
9. Sol.tio! heat t'eat e!t 'e/.i'es which o% the %ollowi!-$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

To #issol1e

a0i .

a o.!t o% e/.ilib'i.

p'ecipta!t i! the soli# sol.tio!

@e'" hi-h te pe'at.'es

Di%%.sio! ti es i! e0cess o% 24 ho.'s

All o% the abo1e

+otto
1*. 8'eciptatio! ha'#e!i!- is ost co

o% &o'
ate'ials$

o!l" ca''ie# o.t o! which o% the %ollowi!-

Top o% &o'

Ca'bo! steel

Lea#

Coppe'

All. i!i.

+otto
11. Alt'opic cha!-es occ.' i! the$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Li/.i# state

Soli# state

;aseo.s state

Li/.i# o' soli# state

+otto
12. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is a! allot'opic ate'ial$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

I'o!

Coppe'

Lea#

Al. i!i.

+otto

o% &o'

12. A heat t'eat e!t p'ocess that 'e/.i'es a ate'ial to be heate# abo1e its c'itical te pe'at.'e %o' so e pe'io# o% ti e %o' ca'bo! to .!ite i! soli# sol.tio! with i'o! i! the -a a o' &.C.C. lattice is <!ow! as$

Top o% &o'

Sphe'o#iGi!-

A!!eali!-

A.ste!titiGatio!

No' alisi!-

+otto

o% &o'
achi!abilit" o% hi-h ca'bo! steels is calle#$

14. A p'ocess .se# to #ec'ease ha'#!ess6 i!c'ease #.ctilit" a!# occasio!all" i p'o1e

Top o% &o'

A!!eali!-

A.ste!itiGatio!

Sphe'oi#iGi!-

St'ess 'elie1i!-

+otto
15. A t'eat e!t that is .se# to -i1e i!i . ha'#!ess a!# a0i .

o% &o'
#.ctilit" o% steel is$

Top o% &o'

A!!eali!-

A.ste!itiGatio!

Sphe'oi#iGi!-

No' alisi!-

+otto
17. Localise# co''osio! ca.si!- #eep e0te!# holes is <!ow! as$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

&isi1es

8itti!-

,o'

holes

No!e o% the abo1e

+otto
1(. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is classe# as pe' a!e!t #e%o' atio!$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Twi!!i!-

Rotatio!al #e%o' atio!

Slip

Twi!!i!- a!# Slip

All o% the abo1e

+otto
1). A!!eali!- will achie1e which o% the %ollowi!- p'ope'ties$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

I!c'ease #.ctilit" a!# #ec'ease ha'#!ess

I!c'ease #.ctilit" a!# i!c'ease ha'#!ess

Dec'ease #.ctilit" a!# i!c'ease ha'#!ess

Dec'ease #.ctilit" a!# #ec'ease ha'#!ess

+otto
19. O% the %ollowi!etals which is

o% &o'

ost s.ceptible to co''osio! b" sea wate'$

Top o% &o'

;ol#

Coppe'

Hi!c

Lea#

+otto
2*. D.'i!- the ha'#e!i!- o% steel which o% the %ollowi!- /.e!chi!-

o% &o'
e#ia will p'o#.ce the se1e'est /.e!ch$

Top o% &o'

,ate'

+'i!e

Oil

Ai'

+otto
21. ,hich is the ost co o! etallic ele e!t %o.!# o! ea'th$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

I'o!

Tita!i.

Al. i!i.

Ma-!esi.

+otto
22. The p'o#.ct o% a blast %.'!ace is <!ow! as$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

I'o!

Steel

8i- i'o!

A pi-

+otto
22. ,hat is the app'op'o0i ate ca'bo! co!te!t o% 8i- i'o!$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

1-2:

2-2:

2-4:

4-5:

+otto
24. ,he! the ca'bo! co!te!t o% i'o! is 'e#.ce# below 2: it is calle#$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Steel

;'a" i'o!

,hite i'o!

D.ctile i'o!

+otto
25. A +esse e' co!1e'te' is$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

etho# o% p'o#.ci!- cast i'o!

etho# o% p'o#.ci!- pi- i'o!

etho# o% p'o#.ci!- w'o.-ht i'o!

etho# o% p'o#.ci!- steel

+otto
27. 8'acticall" all steel is a#e with the .se o%$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

="#'o-e!

O0"-e!

Nit'o-e!

=eli.

+otto
2(. The ca'bo! co!te!t o% low ca'bo! steel is$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

7-25 poi!ts o% ca'bo!

25-5* poi!ts o% ca'bo!

*.*7:-*.25: o% ca'bo!

7-25 poi!ts a!# *.*7:-*.25: o% ca'bo!

No!e o% the abo1e

+otto
2). The ca'bo! co!te!t o% hi-h ca'bo! steel is$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

7-25 poi!ts o% ca'bo!

25-5* poi!ts o% ca'bo!

5*-17* poi!ts o% ca'bo!

O1e' 17* poi!ts o% ca'bo!

+otto
29. A! allo" steel is a steel co!tai!i!- o!e o' o'e$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Ele e!ts

Ato s

Mi0t.'es

Co po!e!ts

+otto
2*. ,hat #o the lette's AISI$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

A e'ica! I!stit.te o% Steel I!#.st'ies

A e'ica! I'o! a!# Steel I!#.st'ies

A e'ica! I!#.st'ies o% Steel I!stit.tes

A e'ica! I'o! a!# Steel I!stit.te

+otto
21. ,hich o% teh %ollowi!- is a classi%icatio! o% Stai!less Steel$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

&e''itic

Ma'te!sitic

A.ste!itic

&e''itic a!# A.ste!itic

All o% the abo1e

+otto
22. A.ste!itic stai!less steel ost t"picall" co!tai!$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

1): Ch'o i.

): Nic<el

15: Ch'o i.

1*: Nic<el

1*: Ch'o i.

15: Nic<el

): Ch'o i.

1): Nic<el

+otto
22. ,hich o% the %ollowi!etals ca! be a-e!tise#$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Ma'te!sitic stai!less

&e''itic stai!less

A.ste!itic stai!less

Ma'te!sitic stai!less a!# &e''itic stai!less

No!e o% the abo1e

+otto
24. ,hich o% the %ollowi!-

o% &o'

a" be .se# as a! allo"i!- ele e!t o% steel$

Top o% &o'

Coppe'

Nic<el

Al. i!i.

No!e o% the abo1e

All the abo1e

+otto
25. Steel has a ca'bo! co!te!t o% less tha!$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

4:

2:

2:

1:

+otto
27. ,hich is the ai! allo"i!- ele e!t o% a.ste!itic stai!less steels$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Nic<el

Ma!-a!ese

Mol"b#e!.

Ch'o i.

+otto
2(. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- %.'!aces is NOT .se# to p'o#.ce steel$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

+last %.'!ace

+esse e' co!1e'te'

+asic o0"-e! %.'!ace

Ope! hea'th %.'!ace

+otto
2). Tool a!# #ie steels a'e classe# as$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Low ca'bo! steels

Me#i.

ca'bo! steels

=i-h ca'bo! steels

Allo" steels

+otto

o% &o'

29. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- allo"i!- a##itio!s a'e .se# to p'o#.ce tool a!# #ie steels$

Top o% &o'

Nic<el

Ch'o i.

Ma!-a!ese

All o% the abo1e

+oth Ch'o i.

a!# Ma!-a!ese

+otto

o% &o'

8RODUCT TEC=NOLO;F MODULE 2


1. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is classi%ie# as a !o!-%e''o.s li-ht allo"$

Top o% &o'

+e'"lli.

base

Hi!c base

Ti! base

Coppe' base

+otto
2. O% the %ollowi!-6 which is co!si#e'e# the

o% &o'
etal$

ost i po'ta!t st'.ct.'al !o!-%e''o.s

Top o% &o'

Coppe'

Hi!c

Ti!

Al. i!i.

+otto

o% &o'

2. Al. i!i. ca!!ot be .se# i! ost a'eas whe'e 1ib'atio!s co bi!e with hi-h st'ess. The'e a'e special ca'e has to be ta<e! to 'e o1e all st'ess 'aise's. ,hich below is co!si#e'e# a st'ess 'asie'$

Top o% &o'

A !otch

A sc'atch

A s.##e! cha!-e o% sectio!

A !otch a!# a sc'atch

All o% the abo1e

+otto
4. ,he! appl"i!- the te' a!!eale# to p.'e al. i!i.

o% &o'
ea!$

it is i!te'p'ete# to

Top o% &o'

,o'< ha'#e!!i!-

Re-c's"talisatio!

St'ess 'eleasi!-

No' alisi!-

+otto
5. ,hich NDT etho# ca! be .se# to -i1e -e!e'al so'ti!- o% al. i!i.

o% &o'
allo"s$

Top o% &o'

UT

MT

RT

ET

+otto
7. ,hich etal is ost .se# i! elect'ical wo'<6 wi'i!-6 etc$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Coppe'

+'ass

Al. i!i.

Steel

+otto

o% &o'

(. It is -e!e'all" .!#e'stoo# that the p'i!cipal allo"i!- ele e!ts o% b'ass a'e$

Top o% &o'

Coppe' a!# ti!

Coppe' a!# Gi!c

+'o!Ge a!# ti!

Ti! a!# Gi!c

+otto
). ,hich two NDT etho#s a'e .s.all" .se# to i!spect Ma-!esi.

o% &o'
co po!e!ts$

Top o% &o'

Ra#io-'aph" a!# pe!et'a!t

Ra#io-'aph" a!#

a-!etic pa'ticle

Ult'aso!ic a!#

a-!etic pa'ticle

Ult'aso!ic a!# pe!et'a!t

+otto

o% &o'
ate'ial is plate# with Gi!c it is <!ow! as$

9. ,'o.-ht Gi!c a!# its allo"s ha1e 1e'" little NDT i!spectio! o! the 6 whe! a

Top o% &o'

A!o#iGi!-

,'appi!-

;al1a!isi!-

&lashi!-

+otto
1*. The' oplasti!- ca! be$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Melte# #ow! a!# 'e-.se# witho.t loss o% p'ope'ties

So%te!e# b" heat

,ill cha' whe! heate#

Melte# #ow! a!# 'e-.se# witho.t loss o% p'ope'ties a!# so%te!e# b" heat

+otto
11. The' osetti!- plastics a'e$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Ri-i#

Dete'io'ate# b" heat

Cha''e# b" heat

All o% the abo1e

+otto
12. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- !o!-%e''o.s

o% &o'

etals is classe# as a li-ht allo"$

Top o% &o'

+e'"lli.

base

Hi!c base

Ti! base

All o% the abo1e

+otto
12. ,hich o% the

o% &o'

etals liste# below has the hi-hest st'e!-th to wei-ht 'atio$

Top o% &o'

+e'"lli.

Tita!i.

Al. i!i.

Hi!c

+otto
14. O!e o% the a>o' #'awbac<s o% a-!esi. allo"s is$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

8oo' co''osio! 'esista!ce

Notch se!siti1it"

=i-h #e!sit"

Mo'e e0pe!si1e tha! .si!- be'"lli. 15. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- !o!-%e''o.s

which e0hibits si ila' p'ope'ties

+otto

o% &o'

etals is al ost e0cl.si1el" #ie-cast$

Top o% &o'

Al. i!i.

Coppe'

Ma-!esi.

Hi!c

+otto
17. Cobalt is .se# as a! allo"i!- co!stit.e!t i!$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

+ea'i!- allo"s

Sol#e's

8e' a!e!t

a-!ets

De!tal allo"s

+otto
1(. Ma!.%act.'i!- is a te'

o% &o'
ate'ial$

.se# -e!e'all" to #esc'ibe the $$$ o% a b.l<

Top o% &o'

Desi-!i!-

8'o#.ctio!

Shape cha!-i!-

Casti!-

+otto
1). ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is classe# as a a!.%act.'i!- p'ocess$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Casti!-

,el#i!-

Machi!i!-

Rolli!-

All o% the abo1e

+otto
19. ,hich o% the %ollowi!a!.%act.'i!- p'ocesses is the

o% &o'
etho# o% p'o#.ci!- co ple0 shapes$

ost eco!o ical

Top o% &o'

Casti!-

&o'-i!-

Rolli!-

,el#i!-

+otto
2*. I! o#e'!

o% &o'

a!.%act.'i!- i!#.st'ies which o% the %ollowi!- %acto's a'e co!si#e'e#$

Top o% &o'

Ma'<ets

8'o#.ct li%e

Desi-!

Ma!.%act.'i!- p'ocess

All o% the abo1e

+otto
21. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is 'e/.i'e# whe! a<i!- a sa!# casti!-$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

ol#

A patte'!

A %las<

All o% the abo1e

+otto

o% &o'

22. Sh'i!<a-e withi! a casti!- ca! occ.' i! which o% the %ollowi!- states$

Top o% &o'

Li/.i# state

Soli#i%icatio!

Soli# state

Soli#i%icatio! a!# soli# state

All o% the abo1e

+otto
22. 8atte'! a<e's sh'i!<a-e occ.'s i!$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Li/.i# state o% casti!-

Soli#i%icatio! state o% casti!-

Soli# state o% casti!-

All o% the abo1e

+otto

o% &o'

24. ,he! a cha!-e o% wall thic<!ess is 'e/.i'e# i! a casti!- what wo.l# -i1e the best #esi-! 'es.lts$

Top o% &o'

S.##e! sectio! cha!-e

S all 'a#ii

La'-e 'a#ii

All o% the abo1e

+otto
25. Metal is %e# i!to the casti!- ca1it" th'o.-h a $$$ s"ste $

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

&low s"ste

;ati!- s"ste

8o.'i!- s"ste

Rise' s"ste

+otto
27. ,ells o.tsi#e the !o' al %i!ishe# casti!- a'e the'e to allow %o'$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

;as e1ol.tio!

Sa!# e'osio!

Sh'i!<a-e

Ai'loc<s

+otto
2(. Di'ectio!al soli#i%icatio! i! Casti!-s is helpe# b" the .se o%$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Co'es

&ee#e'hea#e's

Chills

Chaplets

+otto

o% &o'
o#li!- sta-e$

2). ,he'e holes o' ca1ities a'e 'e/.i'e# i! the %i!ishe# casti!- a $$$ is .se# i! the

Top o% &o'

Chill

I!-ate

Rise'

Co'e

+otto
29. ;'ee! sa!# is a i0t.'e o% sa!# a!#$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Cla"

Silico!

,ate'

Cla" a!# wate'

All o% the abo1e

+otto
2*. The .ppe' hal% o% a %las< is calle#$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

A #'a-

A cope

A #'a%t

A 21. S all

o.l#

+otto

o% &o'

etal s.ppo'ts which beco e pa't o% the casti!- #.'i!- po.'i!- a'e calle#$

Top o% &o'

Chills

Chaplets

Co'es

Rise's

+otto

o% &o'

22. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- casti!- p'ocesses is best .se# %o' s all i!t'icate casti!- - .pto 2<- - 'e/.i'i!- close tole'a!ces$

Top o% &o'

Ce!t'i%.-al casti!-

I!1est e!t casti!-

Co!ti!.o.s casti!-

8e' a!e!t

ol# casti!-

+otto
22. The casti!- p'ocess which -i1es i p'o1e#

o% &o'
ol# is$

ate'ial #e!sit" tow'a#s the o.tsi#e o% teh

Top o% &o'

Ce!t'i%.-al casti!-

I!1est e!t casti!-

Co!ti!.o.s casti!-

8e' a!e!t

ol# casti!-

+otto
24. The casti!- p'ocess which p'o#.ces ba' is <!ow! as$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Ce!t'i%.-al casti!-

Last wa0 p'ocess

Co!ti!.o.s casti!-

8laste' 25. Splashe#

ol# casti!-

+otto
etal e!t'appe# b" olte!

o% &o'

etal that #oes !ot 'e-%.se is calle#$

Top o% &o'

=ot tea'

Chill

I!cl.sio!

Col# sh.t

+otto
27. The botto pa't o% the %las< is <!ow! as the$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Cope

+otto

boa'#

D'a-

R.!!e'

+otto

o% &o'

2(. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is .se# to -i1e p'e%e'e!tial soli#i%icatio! o% casti!-s$

Top o% &o'

Chills

Chaplets

Co'es

No!e o% the abo1e

+otto

o% &o'

2). I! the casti!- p'ocess what !a e is -i1e! to the pa't which is .se# to 'ep'ese!t the %i!ishe# ite $

Top o% &o'

The

o.l#

The sp'.ce

The patte'!

The shell

+otto
29. The c'"stal st'.ct.'e o% a casti!- a#>ace!t to the

o% &o'

o.l# wall will be$

Top o% &o'

&i!e e/.ia0e# -'ai!s

Co'e e/.ia0e# -'ai!s

Col. !a' -'ai!s

De!#'itic

+otto
4*. Sh'i!<a-e occ.'i!- i! the casti!- p'ocess ca! be #i1i#e# i!to how

o% &o'
a!" sta-es$

Top o% &o'

+otto

o% &o'

8RODUCT TEC=NOLO;F MODULE 4


1. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is 'e/.i'e# - i! theo'" - %o' two pe'%ectl" atche# %aces$

Top o% &o'

Ato ic clea!li!ess

Ato ic close!ess

8'ess.'e

Ato ic clea!li!ess a!# ato ic p'ess.'e

All the abo1e

+otto
2. &.sio! bo!#i!- c'eates a etall.'-ical e%%ect si ila' to$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Rolli!-

&o'-i!-

Casti!-

Si!te'i!-

+otto
2. The bo!#i!- p'ocess -i1i!- 1e'" hi-h e%%icie!c" is$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

&.sio! bo!#i!-

8'ess.'e bo!#i!-

&low bo!#i!-

Ato ic bo!#i!-

+otto
4. A bo!#i!- p'ocess whe'e o!l" 1e'" s all a o.!ts o% the base

o% &o'

etal is .se# is calle#$

Top o% &o'

&.sio! bo!#i!-

8'ess.'e bo!#i!-

&low bo!#i!-

Col# bo!#i!-

+otto

o% &o'

5. &low bo!#i!- is a pa'tic.la' t"pe o% bo!#6 which liste# below wo.l# be classe# as a %low bo!#$

Top o% &o'

&.sio! wel#i!-

+'aGe wel#i!-

Metal a'c wel#i!-

No!e o% the abo1e

+otto
7. ,hich o% these #e%ects ca! be %o.!# i! %.sio! wel#s$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

8o'osit"

Sla-

C'ac<s

All o% the abo1e

+otto
(. That po'tio! o% the base

o% &o'

etal a%%ecte# b" the wel#i!- p'ocess is <!ow! as$

Top o% &o'

The wel# Go!e

The heat i!p.t Go!e

The wel# a%%ect Go!e

The heat a%%ecte# Go!e

+otto

o% &o'

). M.ltiple cooli!- 'ates ca! ha1e a#1e'se a%%ects o! wel# a'eas. ,hat ca! be #o!e to o%%set this p'oble $

Top o% &o'

Use #i%%e'e!t allo" 'o#s to co!t'ol te pe'at.'e

Usi!- a p'e-heat

Use #i%%e'e!t allo" 'o#s to co!t'ol te pe'at.'e a!# .si!- a p'e-heat

Nothi!- ca! be #o!e to o%%set the p'oble

+otto
9. A!-.la' #isto'tio! a" occ.' i! a wel# whe!$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Rest'ai!ts a'e .se#

M.ltipass wel#s a'e .se#

Si!-le pass wel#s a'e .se#

M.ltiple wel#s a!# si!-le pass wel#s a'e .se#

+otto
1*. Lo!-it.#i!al st'esses i! a wel# a'e at a a0i . $

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Alo!- the wel# ce!t'e li!e

O! the wel# %.sio! %ace

At the heat a%%ecte# Go!e

Lo -it.#i!al st'esses a'e .!i%o' 11. ,hat is 'e/.i'e# to %o'

ac'oss teh wel#

+otto
a %.sio! bo!#$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Melti!- o% pa'e!t

etals

A %ille' 'o#

8'ess.'e

All o% the abo1e

+otto
12. &low bo!#i!- is a te'

o% &o'

.se# i! the wel#i!- p'ocess which o% the %ollowi!- wo.l# be classe# as %low bo!#i!-$

Top o% &o'

+'aGi!-

+'aGe wel#i!-

Sol#e'i!-

All o% the abo1e

+otto
12. To >oi! two etals which o% teh %ollowi!- is esse!tial$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Ato ic close!ess

Ato ic clea!li!ess

Melti!-

Ato ic close!ess a!# clea!li!ess

All the abo1e

+otto
14. I! o'#e' to p'o#.ce a %.ll" ho -e!o.s

o% &o'

ate'ial a%et' wel#i!- which o% the %ollowi!- is 'e/.i'e#$

Top o% &o'

8'eheat

8ost heat t'eat e!t

Low heat i!p.t wel#i!-

&ille's o% #i%%e'e!t co positio!

+otto
15. I! elect'ic a'c wel#i!-6 a etal 'o# is o!e elect'o#e6 the othe' is$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

The wo'<

ate'ial

The 'o# %l.0

The ea'th

The wo'<

ate'ial a!# the 'o# %l.0

+otto
17. St.# wel#i!- is .se# p'i a'il" to$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

+o!# two #issi ila'

etals

Attach th'ea#e# %aste!e's to plates

Ri1ot plates to-ethe'

&.se ba' e!#s to-ethe'

+otto
1(. A wel#i!- elect'o#e coati!-s p'o1i#es$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

A shiel# %o' the a'c a-ai!st the at osphe'e

A##e# heat i!p.t

A##itio!al st'esses to the wel#

No!e o% the abo1e

+otto

o% &o'
o!l"$

1). ,he'e -as is .se# as a shiel# %o' the wel#i!- p'ocess the -as is co

Top o% &o'

A'-o!

=eli.

="#'o-e!

A'-o! a!# =eli.

All o% the abo1e

+otto
19. ,he! .si!- -as

o% &o'

etal a'c wel#i!- what 'a!-e o% %ille' wi'e #ia ete' is a1ailable$

Top o% &o'

*.1-*.5

*.5-2

*.1-2*

*.5-1*

+otto
2*. A.to atic wel#i!- .!#e' a %l.0 is o'e co o!l" <!ow! as$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

TI; wel#i!-

Ma!.al

etal a'c wel#i!-

S.b e'-e# a'c wel#i!-

Stic< wel#i!-

+otto
21. Spot wel#i!- is co

o% &o'

o!l" .se# i! which o% the %ollowi!- applicatio!s$

Top o% &o'

Ca'

a!.%act.'i!-

Sea

wel#i!-

Shipb.il#i!-

&ab'icatio! "a'#s

+otto
22. ,hich wel#i!- p'ocess ta<es place i! a 1ac.. $

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

8las a a'c wel#i!-

Elect'o! bea

wel#i!-

&'ictio! wel#i!-

E0plosio! wel#i!-

+otto

o% &o'

22. ,hich wel#i!- p'ocess is -e!e'all" .se# to wel# the e!#s o% hea1" 'o.!# ba's o' t.bes$

Top o% &o'

Ult'aso!ic wel#i!-

Elect'osla- wel#i!-

8las a a'c wel#i!-

&'ictio! wel#i!-

+otto
24. E0plosio! wel#i!- is -e!e'all" .se# to >oi!$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Two o'

o'e

etals o% #i%%e'e!t co positio!

+.tt wel#s

@e'" thi!< tita!i.

sheeti!-

8lastics

+otto
25. The #'awi!- s" bol at the botto o% the pa-e

o% &o'

a'<e# o!e ill.st'ates a$

Top o% &o'

+e1el -'oo1e

&illet

9 ;'oo1e

@ee ;'oo1e

+otto
27. The #'awi!- s" bol at the botto o% the pa-e

o% &o'

a'<e# two ill.st'ates a$

Top o% &o'

@ee ;'oo1e

9 ;'oo1e

U ;'oo1e

+e1el ;'oo1e

+otto

o% &o'

2(. A,S cate-o'ise wel# #e%ects i!to th'ee classes which below is a #i e!sio!al #e%ect$

Top o% &o'

Sla-

,a'pi!-

Lac< o% %.sio!

8o'osit"

+otto
2). ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is classe# as a st'.ct.'al #e%ect$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

U!#e'c.t

Sla-

I!co plete %.sio!

Sla- a!# i!co plete %.sio!

All o% the abo1e

+otto
29. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- #e%ects occ.' i! the base etal$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

La i!atio!

Sla- i!cl.sio!

Lac< o% %.sio!

Lac< o% pe!et'atio!

+otto
2*. ,el#s witho.t p'eheat a'e sai# to ha1e$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

@e'" low the' al -'a#ie!ts

Low the' al -'a#ie!ts

Me#i.

the' al -'a#ie!ts

=i-h the' al -'a#ie!ts

+otto

o% &o'

21. ,h" is it a#1isable to lea1e %i!al i!spectio! o% a wel# .!til well a%te' wel#i!- has %i!ishe#$

Top o% &o'

+eca.se the wel#s will be too hot to test

D.e to the possibilit" o% #isto'tio!

D.e to the possibilit" o% post wel# c'ac<i!-

All o% the abo1e

+otto

o% &o'

22. ,hat is the app'o0i ate a'c col. ! te pe'at.'e i! a! elect'ic a'c wel#$

Top o% &o'

7*** #e-'ees celsi.s

5*** #e-'ees celsi.s

4*** #e-'ees celsi.s

2*** #e-'ees celsi.s

+otto
22. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is classi%ie# as a! i!e't -as$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

="#'o-e!

=eli.

O0"-e!

All o% the abo1e

="#'o-e! a!# heli.

o!l"

+otto
24. ,hich wel# p'ocess has a !o!-co!s. able elect'o#e$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Ma!.al

etal a'c

Metal i!e't -as

T.!-ste! i!e't -as

Ma!.al

etal a'c a!#

etal i!e't -as

+otto
25. The wel# s" bol I is .se# to s" bolise a$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

&illet wel#

U-;'oo1e

+e1el -'oo1e

No!e o% the abo1e

+otto

o% &o'

27. ,he! .si!- basic s" bols %o' NDT what lette's a'e .se# to #e!ote li/.i# pe!et'a!t testi!-$

Top o% &o'

L8T

&8T

8T

R8T

+otto

o% &o'

2(. hich o% the %ollowi!- p'ocesses co.l# be pe'%o' e# .si!- o0"acet"le!e e/.ip e!t$

Top o% &o'

&la e c.tti!-

+'aGi!-

Sol#e'i!-

+'aGi!- a!# Sol#e'i!-

All o% the abo1e

+otto
2). =ow i-ht a wel# a'c be shiel#e# %'o o0i#atio!$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

&l.0 pow#e's

,el#i!- 'o# coati!-s

I!e't -ases

,el#i!- 'o# coati!-s a!# i!e't -ases

All o% the abo1e

+otto
29. The ease with which a soli# .!io! a" be

o% &o'

a#e betwee! two pa'ts b" wel#i!- is <!ow! as$

Top o% &o'

,el#abilit"

9oi!i!-

+.tte'i!-

Sol#e'i!-

+otto
4*. A t"pical te pe'at.'e 'a!-e to st'ess 'elie1e %e''itic steel is$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

1**-15* #e-'ees celsi.s

25*-2** #e-'ees celsi.s

7**-75* #e-'ees celsi.s

9**-95* #e-'ees celsi.s

+otto

o% &o'

8RODUCT TEC=NOLO;F MODULE 5


1. ,hich o% the %ollowi!etals has 1e'" little #.ctilit"$

Top o% &o'

Coppe'

Steel

I'o!

Al. i!i.

+otto
2. Mecha!ical p'ope'ties a'e -e!e'all" i p'o1e#$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

I! the #i'ectio! o% 'olli!-

2* #e-'ees to the #i'ectio! o% 'olli!-

45 #e-'ees to the #i'ectio! o% 'olli!-

9* #e-'ees to the #i'ectio! o% 'olli!-

+otto
2. ;'ai! 'e%i!e e!t %o' etals e0isti!- i! o!e c'"stalli!e %o'

o% &o'

ca! be acco plishe# b"$

Top o% &o'

=ot wo'<i!-

Col# wo'<i!-

Rec'"stallisatio!

=ot wo'<i!- a!# 'ec'"stallisatio!

All the abo1e

+otto
4. &o' steels hot wo'<i!- is pe'%o' e# at te pe'at.'es o%$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

5**-(5* #e-'ees celsi.s

(5*-95* #e-'ees celsi.s

95*-12** #e-'ees celsi.s

12**-15** #e-'ees celsi.s

+otto
5. =ow -e!e'all" is a #eca'b.'ise# la"e' 'e o1e#$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

=eat t'eat e!t

S.'%ace 'e o1al

St'ess 'elie%

A!!eali!-

All o% the abo1e

+otto
7. I p'o1e# p'ope'ties ca! be achie1e# b"$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Col# 'olli!-

=ot 'olli!-

E0t'.sio!

All o% the abo1e

+otto
(. Most ate'ials .se# i! Mill wo'< sta't o.t as$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Cast i!-ots

Slabs

+illets

+loo s

+otto
). ,hich liste# below ha1e app'o0i atel" s/.a'e c'oss sectio!s$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Slab

+loo

+illet

+loo

a!# +illet

All o% the abo1e

+otto
9. O% these

o% &o'

etho#s liste# below which will eli i!ate the !ee# %o' a! i!-ot$

Top o% &o'

=ot 'olli!-

Co!ti!.o.s casti!-

E0t'.sio!

No!e o% the abo1e

+otto
1*. ,hich o% the %ollowi!-

o% &o'
ill$

a" be co!si#e'e# as a %lat p'o#.ct o% the steel

Top o% &o'

Sheet

8late

St'ip

Sheet a!# St'ip

All o% the abo1e

+otto
11. Mill wo'< co1e's

o% &o'
ill p'o#.ct$

a!" p'o#.cts. ,hich below wo.l# be classe# as a

Top o% &o'

8ipe

T.be

Casti!-

8ipe a!# t.be

No!e o% the abo1e

+otto
12. 8ipe a!# t.be a" be a!.%act.'e# .si!- which tech!i/.e$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

E0t'.#i!-

Rolli!-

Resista!ce wel#i!-

E0t'.#i!- a!# Rolli!-

All o% the abo1e

+otto
12. O!e t"pe o% %o'-i!- ope'atio! .ses$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Rolli!-

Casti!-

Ope! #ies

E0t'.sio!

+otto
14. The p'i!cipal NDT

o% &o'

etho# to locate i!te'!al #isco!ti!.ities i! %o'-i!-s is$

Top o% &o'

UT

RT

ET

MT

+otto
15. I pact %o'-i!- is o'e co o!l" <!ow! as$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Ope! #ie %o'-i!-

D'op %o'-i!-

Close# #ie

Rota'" swa-i!-

+otto
17. The te' .se# i! pow#e'

o% &o'

etall.'-" %o' the bo!#i!- o% the soli# pa'ticles is$

Top o% &o'

8'essi!-

+le!#i!-

Si!te'i!-

Mi0i!-

+otto
1(. A t"pical applicatio! o% pow#e' etall.'-" pa'ts is$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

C.tti!- tools

Casti!-s %o' h. a! i pla!ts

E0t'.sio! o% thi! sectio!s

Metal %ab'icatio! o%

i!.te wel#s

+otto

o% &o'

1). ,hich o% the %ollowi!- has a! esse!tiall" 'ecta!-.la' c'oss-sectio!$

Top o% &o'

+a'

+loo

Slab

+illet

+otto

o% &o'

19. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is a! a#1a!ta-e o% the co!ti!.o.s casti!- p'ocess$

Top o% &o'

Re o1es the 'e/.i'e e!t %o' i!-ots

Re#.ces wasta-e o%

ate'ial

Ca! p'o#.ce i!t'icate c'oss sectio!s

Re o1es the 'e/.i'e e!t %o' i!-ots a!# 'e#.ces wasta-e o%

ate'ial

All o% the abo1e

+otto
2*. Sheets o%

o% &o'

etal be%o'e it is 'olle# i!to pipe .si!- a wel#i!- bell is calle#$

Top o% &o'

St'ip stoc<

S<elp

8ipe stoc<

T.be stoc<

+otto

o% &o'

21. ,hich e0t'.sio! p'ocess .ses less p'ess.'e #.e to lowe' b.il# .ps o% %'ictio! co!tai!e' a!# billet$

Top o% &o'

Di'ect hot wo'<i!-

I!#i'ect col# wo'<i!-

I!#i'ect hot wo'<i!-

Di'ect col# wo'<i!-

+otto
22. 8ow#e' etall.'-" is .se# to shape p'o#.ce 'e%'acto'"

o% &o'
ate'ial$

etals. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is classe# as a 'e%'acto'"

Top o% &o'

I!co!el

Ma-!esi.

T.!-ste!

+e'"lli.

+otto
22. The shea'i!- ope'atio! has

o% &o'

a!" %o' s - !a es - o% those liste# below which is a shea'i!- ope'atio!$

Top o% &o'

+e!#i!-

D'awi!-

&o' i!-

8a'ti!-

+otto
24. D.'i!- the be!#i!- p'ocess what st'esses a'e p'o#.ce# withi! the

o% &o'
ate'ial$

Top o% &o'

Co p'essi1e

Shea'

Te!sile

Co p'essi1e a!# Te!isle

All o% the abo1e

+otto
25. I! e0plosi1e %o' i!-$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

;.! pow#e' is .se#

=i-h e0plosi1e is .se#

Slow b.'i!- p'opella!ts a'e .se#

=i-h e0plosi1e a!# slow b.'i!- p'opella!ts a'e .se#

+otto
27. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is a hole a<i!- ope'atio!$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Splitti!-

8a'ti!-

+la!<i!-

Notchi!2(. I! the achi!i!- p'ocess

etal is 'e o1e# i! the %o'

o%$

Top o% &o'

Swa'%

Chips

&illi!-s

T.'!i!-s

+otto

o% &o'

2). =i-h spee# steels a'e -e!e'all" .se# %o' which t"pe o% c.tti!- tool$

Top o% &o'

;'i!#e's

D'ills

&iles

Ab'asi1es

+otto
29. The lette's NJC i! achi!e wo'< sta!# %o'$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

N. e'ical co!t'ol

N. be' c"cle

N. e'ical c.tti!-

N. be' co.!ti!-

+otto
2*. ,hich o% the %ollowi!a" be .se# as a c.tti!- tool ate'ial$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Dia o!#s

Cast i'o!

Ce e!te# ca'bi#es

+oth #ia o!#s a!# ce e!te# ca'bi#es

+otto
21. ,hat ate'ial is .s.all" .se# i! i!>ectio! ol#i!-$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

The' osetti!- plastics

The' oplastics

Ce'a ics

8ow#e' 22. ,hat

etals

+otto
ate'ials a'e 'e/.i'e# %o' 'ei!%o'ce# plastic ol#i!-$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

&ille'

Resi!

,oo# Sha1i!-s

&ille' a!# Resi!

All o% the abo1e

+otto
22. La i!ates a'e a co posite %o'

o% &o'

which below wo.l# be classe# as a la i!ate$

Top o% &o'

&ib'e-lass

=o!e"co b

Ce'a ics

&ib'e-lass a!# =o!e"co b

+otto
24. The lette's EDM sta!#s %o'$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Elect'o!ic #i-ital

ete'

Elect'o #ischa'-e

oto'

Elect'ical #ischa'-e

achi!e'"

Elect'o #ispe!si!25. The co o! te'

achi!e

+otto

o% &o'

.se# to #e!ote the Cli-ht a pli%icatio! b" sti .late# e issio! o% 'a#iatio!C is$

Top o% &o'

Lase'

Catho#e 'a" t.be

8hoto! ;.!

Optical

ic'oscope

+otto
27. Co posites a" be a#e .p o% which o% the %ollowi!-

o% &o'

ate'ial co bi!atio!s$

Top o% &o'

Co bi!atio!s o% #i%%e'e!t

etals

Co bi!atio!s o% #i%%e'e!t

etals a!# !o!

etals

Co bi!atio!s o% #i%%e'e!t !o!

etals

All o% the abo1e

+otto
2(. Case ha'#e!i!- is acco plishe# b"$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Ca'b.'iGi!-

=eat t'eati!-

&la e ha'#e!i!-

Ca'b.'iGi!- a!# %la e ha'#e!i!-

+otto
2). ,ith which NDT etho# is s.'%ace clea!li!ess ost i po'ta!t$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

UT

8T

MT

RT

+otto
29. Ab'asi1e %i!ishi!- co.l# be classi%ie# b" which o% the %ollowi!-

o% &o'
etho#s$

Top o% &o'

,i'e b'.sh

8olishi!-

+.%%i!-

All o% the abo1e

+otto
4*. Elect'o plate# s.'%aces a'e .s.sall" /.ite thi!. ,hich co

o% &o'
eth# is .se# to eas.'e the plate thic<!ess$

o! NDT

Top o% &o'

MT

UT

ET

8T

+otto
41. ,hich ate'ials ca! best be a!o#ise#$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Steel

Coppe'

Al. i!i.

+'ass

+otto
42. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is !ot a %o' o% case ha'#e!i!-$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Sphe'oi#isi!-

Ca'b.'i!-

&la e ha'#e!i!-

Nit'i#i!-

+otto
42. ,hich o% the %ollowi!- is a eas.'i!- #e1ice$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

Mic'o ete'

@e'!ie'

Steel '.le

All o% the abo1e

+otto
44. &i0e# -.a-es a'e .se#$

o% &o'

Top o% &o'

O!l" o! si!-le p.'pose applicatio!s

To

eas.'e i!te'!al bo'es

Shape 'elatio!ships

All o% the abo1e

+otto

o% &o'

+otto

o% &o'