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PHY 232 Spring 2014 Solutions to Study Problems for Exam #1 OQ23.11 (i)Answer(d).Thechargeattheupperleftcreatesatthefieldpointan electricfieldtotheleft,withmagnitudewecallE1.Thechargeatlowerright createsadownwardelectricfieldwithanequalmagnitudeE1.

Thesetwo chargestogethercreateafield point,soitcreatesafield downwardandtotheleft(at45).The timesfartherfromthefield upwardandtotheright.Thefields whichis positivechargehastwicethechargebutis

fromthetwochargesareoppositeindirection,andthefieldfromthe negativechargesisstronger,sothenetfieldisthen downwardandtotheleft(at45). (ii)Answer(a).Withthepositivechargeremoved,themagnitudeofthe fieldbecomes largerthanbefore.

P23.57

isdirectedalongtheydirection;therefore,ax=0andx=vxit. (a)

(b)

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(c)

Theprotonmoveswithacceleration

whiletheelectronhasacceleration ),

(a) Wewanttofindthedistancetraveledbytheproton(i.e., knowing: Thus,

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Themagnitudeoftheelectricforceisgivenby thefigurebelowisfoundfrom

.Theangle in

(a) (b)

OQ24.4 (i)Answer(c).Equalamountsoffluxpassthrougheachofthesixfacesof thecube. (ii)Answer(b).Movethechargetoveryclosebelowthecenterofoneface, sothathalfthefluxpassesthroughthatfaceandhalfthefluxpasses throughtheotherfivefaces.

OQ24.9 (a) TherankingisA>B>D>C.Letqrepresentthechargeofthe insulatingsphere.ThefieldatAis Bis (b) TherankingisB=D>A>C.Thefluxthroughthe4cmsphereis (4/5)3q/ .Thefluxthroughthe8cmsphereandthroughthe16cm sphereisq/ becausetheyenclosethesameamountofcharge.The fluxthroughthe12cmsphereis0becausethefieldiszeroinsidethe conductor. OQ24.11 TherankingisC>A=B>D.Thetotalfluxisproportionaltotheenclosed charge:3Q>Q=Q>0. The electric flux is independent of the size and shape of the closed surface that contains the charge because all the field lines from the enclosed charge passthroughthesurface. The surface must enclose a positive total charge. Field lines emerge from positivechargeanddisappearintonegativecharge. Thefieldat ThefieldatCiszero.ThefieldatDis

CQ24.5

CQ24.6

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(a)

(b) Theelectricfieldthroughthecurvedsideofthecylinderiszerobecause thefieldlinesareparalleltothatsurfaceanddonotpassthroughit.The electricfieldlinespassoutwardthroughtheendsofthecylinder,soboth haveapositiveflux.Becausethefieldisuniform,thefluxisR2Efor eachend.

(c) Thenetfluxispositive,sothechargeinthecylinderispositive.Tobea uniformfield,thefieldlinesmustoriginatefromaplaneofcharge. The netchargeinsidethecylinderispositiveandisdistributedonaplane paralleltotheendsofthecylinder. (a) LetaflatboxhavefaceareaAperpendiculartoitsthicknessdx. Thefluxatx=0.3misintotheboxis Thefluxatx=0.3m+dxisoutoftheboxis

P24.42

(Thetermin(dx)2isnegligible.)ThechargeintheboxisAdxwhereis theunknown.ApplyingGaussslaw, weobtain

Solvingforgives

(b)

P24.56

Considerthefieldduetoasinglesheetandlet E+andErepresentthefieldsduetothe positiveandnegativesheets.Thefieldat anydistancefromeachsheethasamagnitude givenbythetextbookequation

(a) Totheleftofthepositivesheet,E+is directedtowardtheleftandEtoward therightandthenetfieldoverthis

ANS.FIG.P24.56(ac)

regionis

(b) Intheregionbetweenthesheets,E+ andEarebothdirectedtowardthe rightandthenetfieldis

(c) Totherightofthenegativesheet,E+and againoppositelydirectedand

Eare

(d) Now,bothsheetsarepositively charged.Wefindthat

ANS.FIG.P24.56(d) both

(1) Totheleftofbothsheets, fieldsaredirectedtowardtheleft:

THISANSWERISINCORRECT:ITSHOULDJUSTBE/0 (2) Betweenthesheets,thefieldscancelbecausetheyareopposite toeachother: .

(3) Totherightofbothsheets,bothfieldsaredirectedtowardthe right:

THISANSWERISINCORRECT:ITSHOULDJUSTBE/0 OQ25.2 OQ25.5 Rankinga>b=d>c.Thepotentialenergyofasystemoftwochargesis Thepotentialenergiesare:(a) (d) (b) (c) Answer(d).Thepotentialisdecreasingtowardthebottomofthepage,so theelectricfieldisdownward.

OQ25.7 RankingD>C>B>A.LetLbelengthofasideofthesquare.Thepotentials are:

CQ25.6 P25.8

(a) Theelectricfieldiscylindricallyradial.Theequipotentialsurfacesare nestingcoaxialcylindersaroundaninfinitelineofcharge. (b) Theelectricfieldissphericallyradial.Theequipotentialsurfacesare nestingconcentricspheresaroundauniformlychargedsphere.

(a) Theelectronelectricfieldisanisolatedsystem:

Thepotentialdifferenceisthen

(b) From(a),weseethatthestoppingpotentialisproportionaltothekinetic energyoftheparticle.

(c) Theprotonelectricfieldisanisolatedsystem:

Thepotentialdifferenceis

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Therefore,from(a),

(a) Asalinearchargedensity, hasunitsof So musthaveunitsofC/m :


2

C/m.

(b) Consider a small segment of the rod at location x and of length dx. The amount of ANS.FIG.P25.45 charge on it is Its distance fromAisd+x,soitscontributiontotheelectricpotentialatAis

Relative to V = 0 infinitely far away, to find the potential at A we must integratethesecontributionsforthewhole rod,fromx=0tox= L.Then

Toperformtheintegral,makeachangeofvariablesto u=d+x,du=dx,u(atx=0)=d,andu(atx=L)=d+L:

P25.50 For points on the surface and outside, the sphere of charge behaves like a chargedparticleatitscenter,bothforcreatingfieldandpotential. (a) Inside a conductor when charges are not moving, the electric field is zero and the potential is uniform, the same as on the surface, and .

(b)

(c)