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Majerle Chirrick Dr. Sue Bennett HON 1010A-01 10 February 2014 Inequality and Single Parent Homes Take a Toll I choose to compare two articles who tell the negative impact of single parent homes, and inequality among societies with high social or economic differences. Kay S. Hymowitz is a senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute and a contributing editor at City Journal, and writes about families in a post-marital age. And Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett are co-founders of the Equality Trust, a British-based think tank, and write about greater equality and stronger societies. Each took their stand in showing why the opposite of their opinions were detrimental to societies, mental health, and of course, children. Although the topics are different, the way they state their viewpoints can be seen as somewhat similar. Hymowitz takes a clear standpoint on How Single Motherhood Hurts Kids. She uses negative words such as turmoil and suffering to describe the effects of the topic. These kind of families are popular in the United States, but are seen much differently, and have very different effects on those than on others in other developed nations. She states: That argument ignores a troubling truth: Single-parent families are not the same in the United States as elsewhere. Simply put, unmarried parents here are more likely to enter into parenthood in ways guaranteed to create turmoil in their childrens lives. The typical American single mother is younger than her counterpart in other developed nations. She is also more likely to live in a community where single motherhood is the norm rather than an alternative life choice. (Hymowitz).

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She talks about not only single parents harming childrens development, but also parents remarrying, having a girlfriend/boyfriend, or having kids with other partners is bad news for the already existing kids. The more transitions experienced by a child the arrival of a stepparent, a parental boyfriend or girlfriend, or a step- or half sibling the more children are likely to have either emotional or academic problems, or both. (Hymowitz). Something similar as the other columnist includes, is that an unhealthy family life can be the development of a mental disorder or social impairment. Both of these columnist use a negative standpoint to promote their opinion. Trust issues and social withdrawal are what Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett use to explain how Inequality Hollows Out the Soul. They use negative descriptive words such as divisive and socially corrosive to describe how inequality not only hinders community life, but also damages the individual psyche. Most of the feelings of dominance and subordination, superiority and inferiority come with inequality from differences such as economic and social standings, and changes the way people see and treat one another. The two columnist also bring up how the issue contributes to mental illness, and uses negative statistics and case studies to back their opinions up. From a study by Sheri L. Johnson, the authors quote: Ms. Johnson concludes that psychiatric conditions like mania and narcissism are related to our striving for status and dominance, while disorders such as anxiety and depression may involve response to the experience of subordination. (Wilkinson). Their main point includes mental illnesses that are linked to which kind of inequalities, but also the personality type and how people treat other people when their social or economic standing is higher or lower to someone else. Both of these columnists, Kay S. Hymowitz, who writes about the impact of single parent family lives, and Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett, who write about mental illnesses and the

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links between inequality effect people, use very negative words and studies to show their main points. They are both however, concise about the way they portray their viewpoints, and the reader can tell at the beginning where each author stands on the subjects.

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Works Cited Hymowitz, Kay S. How Single Motherhood Hurts Kids. New York Times. 8 Feb. 2014. Web. 10 Feb. 2014. Wilkinson, Richard and Kate Pickett. How Inequality Hollows Out the Soul. New York Times. 2 Feb. 2014. Web. 10 Feb. 2014.