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Диалђги: Who is Yurij Gagarin?

Chapter 4 − Review (Lessons 34-40 / Story 2-3)


Vocabulary from Lessons 34-40, Story 2-3

Диалђг

Кто такђй Њрий ГагЌрин? Who is Yuri Gagarin?

ЛЎна 1 Я вЏжу, что у тебј нђвый телевЏзор. I see that you have a new TV.
ВадЏм 2 ДЌ, іто был подЌрок от моЏх родЏтелей. Для Yes, it was a present from my parents. They
3 менј онЏ купЏли телевЏзор, а для моЎй сестрѕ bought a TV for me, and a laptop for my sister.
4 нђутбук.
ЛЎна 5 Ничегђ себЎ! А что ты смђтришь? Not bad! What are you watching?
ВадЏм 6 Я смотрї ђчень интерЎсную передЌчу о Њрии I’m watching a show about Yuri Gagarin and
7 ГагЌрине и ВалентЏне Терешкђвой. Valentina Tereshkova.
ЛЎна 8 Кто такђй Њрий ГагЌрин? Кто такЌя Who is Yuri Gagarin? Who is Valentina
9 ВалентЏна Терешкђва? ОнЏ актёры, что ли? Я Tereshkova? Are they actors or something? I
10 их не знЌю. don’t know them.
ВадЏм 11 Ты шѓтишь, конЎчно! Ты ГагЌрина не знЌешь? You’re joking, of course. You don’t know
12 И Терешкђву не знЌешь? Не мђжет быть, что ты Gagarin? And you don’t know Tereshkova? It
13 не знЌешь такЏх извЎстных людЎй. Их все can’t be that you don’t know such famous
14 знЌют. people. Everyone knows them!
ЛЎна 15 К сожалЎнию, я не знЌю, кто онЏ такЏе. У менј Unfortunately, I don’t know who they are. I
16 нет телевЏзора. Он извЎстный спортсмЎн, что don’t have a TV. Is he a famous athlete or
17 ли? Ты знЌешь, что я не люблї спорт. ОнЌ кто, something? You know, that I don’t like sports.
18 извЎстный поіт? Who’s she, a famous poet?
ВадЏм 19 ГагЌрин был пЎрвый человЎк в кђсмосе, а Gagarin was the first man in space, and
20 Терешкђва былЌ пЎрвая жЎнщина-космонЌвт. Tereshkova was the first woman cosmonaut.

СловЌрь
6 передЌча TV show
8 кто такђй / такЌя / такЏе who is [Person]? (Такђй agrees in Gender and Number with Person(s) in
[Person] question.)
13 такђй such; so
13 извЎстный famous
16 спортсмЎн ~ спортсмЎнка (о) athlete (male ~ female)
17 спорт sports (Singular in Russian.)
19 кђсмос (outer) space
20 космонЌвт cosmonaut

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MASCULINE NEUTER FEMININE PLURAL
REVIEW − CHAPTER 4 (LESSONS 34-39)

{I}й / -ђй -∅ {O}е -{O} -{A}я -{A} / -ь -{I}е -{I}; Neut -{A}
Summary of the Cases − NOM, ACC, and GEN
Adjective endings to the left, Noun endings to the right

мой нђвый гЌлстук моё нђвое письмђ мој нђвая машЏна / дверь моЏ нђвые гЌлстуки / пЏсьма / машЏны
ваш послЎдний карандЌш вЌше послЎднее полотЎнце вЌша послЎдняя пЎсня вЌши послЎдние карандашЏ / пЎсни
какђй хорђший актёр какђе хорђшее здЌние какЌя хорђшая фотогрЌфия какЏе хорђшие актёры / здЌния
ітот большђй пЌрень іто большђе мЎсто іта большЌя дЎвушка / мышь іти большЏе дЎвушки / мѕши
Chapter 4 − Review

↑ -{U} -{U}ю -{U} / -ь ↑

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Inanimate ‘borrows’ NOM Inanimate ‘borrows’ NOM

мої нђвую машЏну / дверь
Same as NOM вЌшу послЎднюю пЎсню
Animate ‘borrows’ GEN какѓю хорђшую фотогрЌфию Animate ‘borrows’ GEN
іту большѓю дЎвушку / мышь
↓ ↓
-{О}го -{О}го -а -{O}й -{O}й -{I} -{I}х -{I}х -{O}в; -∅; -ей
моегђ нђвого гЌлстука моегђ нђвого письмЌ моЎй нђвой машЏны / двЎри моЏх нђвых гЌлстуков / пЏсем / машЏн
вЌшего послЎднего карандашЌ вЌшего послЎднего полотЎнца вЌшей послЎдней пЎсни вЌших послЎдних карандашЎй / пЎсен
какђго хорђшего актёра какђго хорђшего здЌния какђй хорђшей фотогрЌфии какЏх хорђших актёров / здЌний
ітого большђго пЌрня ітого большђго мЎста ітой большђй дЎвушки / мѕши ітих большЏх дЎвушек / мышЎй
ПовторЎние

Genitive of personal and other pronouns


NOMINATIVE GENITIVE
я I мeнј me
ты you тeбј you
он; онђ he; it (н)eгђ him; it
онЌ she (н)eё her; it
мы we нас us
вы you (Formal; pl) вас y’all
онЏ they (н)их them
кто who когђ who(m)
никтђ no one никогђ no one
что what чегђ what
ничегђ nothing ничегђ nothing

Uses of the Genitive Case


a. of (in various senses, including Possession):

Љто пЏво ВитЌлика. That’s Vitalik’s beer.


Ты не вЏдела собЌку моЎй млЌдшей сестрѕ? Did you happen to see my younger sister’s dog?
Љто кнЏги нЌших профессорђв. (end-stressed in Plural) That’s our professors’ books.
Кто президЎнт вЌшего университЎта? Who is the president of your university?
В холодЏльнике большЌя бЌнка чёрной икрѕ. There’s a large jar of black caviar in the refrigerator.

b. ‘Frozen’ Genitive (English of):

Remember that the noun following of stays in the Genitive, regardless of the case of the head noun:

HEAD NOUN OF-NOUN


На столЎ былЌ бутѕлка винЌ. There was a bottle of wine on the table.
NOM GEN
Я купЏл бутѕлку винЌ. I bought a bottle of wine.
ACC Still GEN
Здесь нет бутѕлки винЌ. There is no bottle of wine here.
GEN Still GEN

c. Quantity:
Quantity words we’ve seen so far: скђлько, мнђго, нет.

На столЎ бѕло мнђго немЎцкой колбасѕ. There was a lot of German sausage on the table.
Скђлько у негђ жён? How many wives does he have?
В магазЏне нет банЌнов. There are no bananas in the store.

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Chapter 4 − Review

d. With certain prepositions:

для for (the МЏша купЏл подЌрок для сЌмой красЏвойMisha bought a present for the most beautiful actress
sake of) актрЏсы в странЎ. in the country.
до until До свидЌния. Good-bye (lit.: until meeting)
из from Дик из небольшђго гђрода в Ђнглии. Dick is from a small town in England.
от from (a Я читЌю письмђ от СЌры. I’m reading a letter from Sara.
person)
c (lit.: from) с пЎрвого взглјда at first sight (lit.: from the first glance)
с однђй сторонѕ … а с другђй сторонѕ on the one hand … on the other hand (lit.: from one
side, from the other side)
у by, with Как делЌ у твоегђ мѓжа? How are things with (by) your husband?.
‘have’ (See below)

e. To express have − y + GEN (+ есть) + NOM

У Іли есть машЏна. Olya has a car.


У тебј моЏ ключЏ? Do you have my keys?

f. Negation

У менј нет твоЎй кнЏги. I don’t have your book.


Здесь нет красЏвых гЌлстуков. There are no nice looking ties here.

g. Accusative Animate Nouns (36.I; 41.III):


For Accusative Masculine Singular and all Plural animate nouns, the Genitive Case is ‘borrowed’ (See Table on page 45-2).
Keep in mind that the actual noun phrase is still Accusative. And don’t be tempted to put animate Feminine Singular
Accusative nouns into the Genitive. Animacy plays no part in the Feminine Singular.

Я терпЎть не могѓ ітого стрЌнного врачЌ. I can’t stand that strange doctor.
vs.
Кто знЌет ітих жЎнщин? Who knows these women?
Кто знЌет іту жЎнщину? Who knows this woman?

Marriage expressions
d c dc
× × ×
он жeни+…ся онЌ выходи+ зЌмуж онЏ жeни+…ся

For now only use these verbs in the Present Tense (which can imply a Future action)

В іту суббђту Волђдя жЎнится! This Saturday Volodya is getting married!


Ђля, ты выхђдишь зЌмуж, что ли? Alya, are you getting married or something?
ОнЏ жЎнятся! They’re getting married!

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ПовторЎние

The Superlative Degree


Use the adjective сЌмый in the correct CNG (Case, Number, Gender). Some adjectives like лѓчший best (and хѓдший
worst) are inherently superlative and therefore don’t require сЌмый. However, сЌмый can be added to лѓчший / хѓдший
for emphasis:

МерседЎс − сЌмая дорогЌя машЏна в мЏре. Mercedes is the most expensive car in the world.
Глеб − мой лѓчший друг. Gleb is my best friend.
Мой профЎссор рѓсского языкЌ задаёт сЌмые My Russian professor assigns the most difficult homework
трѓдные домЌшние задЌния в мЏре! assignments in the world!
ВЎра из сЌмого большђго гђрода в КанЌде. Vera is from the largest city in Canada.

The Conjunctions А, И, Но
И serves to link two or more things and always corresponds to English and

ОнЌ купЏла компьїтер и прЏнтер. She bought a computer and a printer.

А is often used when introducing people or things. In addition a can provide a contrast to, though not a contradiction with,
the preceding statement:

Љто МЌша, а іто её муж. This is Masha, and this is her husband.
НЏна не знЌет, а я знЌю. Nina doesn’t know, but I do.

Но is used to indicate a contradiction between two statements:

Я хочѓ спать, но мне нЎкогда. I want to sleep, but I don’t have the time.

Leaving Words Out: Ellipsis


Given the right context, it is possible to omit just about any word in a Russian sentence: Subject, Verb; Direct/Indirect
Object. Only Prepositions cannot be omitted in Russian – as they often can in English.

Full Nouns After the Verb; Pronouns Before the Verb


Generally (with numerous exceptions depending on context) Full Nouns follow the Verb, while Pronouns precede the Verb:

Я вЏдел СЌшу. Я егђ вЏдел.


Как делЌ у твоЎй млЌдшей Как у неё делЌ?
сестрѕ НЌди?

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Ѕмя ___________________________________

Fill in the table (You can use arrows whenever the ACC = the NOM or GEN):

NOM SG ACC SG GEN SG NOM PL ACC PL GEN PL


моЏ крЌсные рѓчки
ітот мЏлый
человЎк
твоЏ послЎдние
пЏсьма

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ваш дорогђй нож
ГЌлино плохђе
сочинЎние
Lesson 40 − Homework

Exercise 1

іти бездЌрные
писЌтели
"
40-й урђк ДомЌшнее задЌние

" Exercise 2 Translate into Russian:

1) + What book is that?

_______________________________________________________________________________________

- It’s “Anna Karenina”. It’s a present for my Russian professor. He’s getting married this Saturday.

_______________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________

+ For that despicable person?! He always assigns an enormous amount of homework.

_______________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________

- No, you’re not right. He’s one of the (very) best professors in the university.

_______________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________

2) How many cars does your younger brother have?

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Why do you want to know how many cars he has? It’s none of your business.

_______________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________

3) + Where are you from? - I’m from a small city in Russia.

_______________________________________________________________________________________

4) On the one hand, she loves Robert (decline!), but on the other hand, Mitya is so kind, so sweet.

_______________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________

5) + Yasha fell in love with (his – skip) first wife at first sight. - Really?

_______________________________________________________________________________________

6) I don’t know. (One) should ask those American poets who used to write excellent poems.

_______________________________________________________________________________________

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Vocabulary Lessons 34-40

Nouns & Pronouns 37 сочинЎние composition; paper


40 спорт sports
39 Ќвтор author 40 спортсмЎн/ка athlete (male/female)
34 банЌн banana (Masculine in Russian) S3 стихЏ (Always poetry; verses
34 бЌнка (o) jar
Plural!)
×
S2 брюнЎт ~ brunette (male ~ female)
35 страна (Plural: country
брюнЎтка стрЌны)
34 бутѕлка (o) bottle
38 тЏгр tiger
36 вопрђс question
35 фЏзика physics (Singular in Russian)
S3 всё, что everything that
35 шарф scarf
37 всём Locative of всё
S2 шкђла high school
S2 гЌдость (F) crap; garbage; filth
34 штат state (of the U.S.)
35 гЌлстук necktie
34 гђрод city
Verbs
(For now, use one-time action verbs only in the Past and Infinitive.)
38 гостЏная living room (Adjective that acts like a noun)
38 двор΄ backyard (although this is a strange concept
for Russians) S2 брђси+ + quit doing something; give up the habit (One-time
Infinitive action)
38 дом house (related to ‘domestic’) ×
36 влюби+…ся в (+ fall in love with (One-time action)
37 емѓ Indirect Object (Dative) of он. The Verb
ACC)
помог+´ takes Dative Case. ×
35 выходи+ зЌмуж get married (said of a woman) (Ongoing action)
38 зоопЌрк zoo ×
35 жени+ … ся get married (said of a man) (Ongoing action)
34 икрЌ caviar
{задай+΄ /
38 кабинЎт office 35
задавЌй+} assign (Ongoing action)
38 кѓхня (o) kitchen
37 закЌнчивай+ finish (Ongoing action)
34 колбасЌ sausage; mystery meat
S2
×
{зов+΄ / зва +} + [Person’s – in ACC] name is/was (Ongoing
35 колЏчество amount ACC action)
37 компьїтер (Note computer S3 обЏде+ offend (One-time action)
the ь) S2 поздорђвай+...ся say hello; greet someone (One-time action)
S3 конвЎрт envelope
S2
×
показа + рукђй на point to (One-time action)
40 космонЌвт cosmonaut + ACC
40 кђсмос (outer) space S3 помог+´ help (One-time action) (Takes Dative Case, which
S3 курсовЌя term paper (The noun рабђта is implied, we have not seen yet)
which explains the gender) S3 помогЌй+ help (Ongoing action)
×
34 кусок´ (о) piece S3 посмотре + на + take a look at (One-time action)
S3 литератѓра literature ACC
38 любЏтель lover 34 посмотрЏ take a look (Imperative)
39 мир world (also means peace) 37 продЌть (irreg.) but sell (One-time action)
S3 мне Indirect Object (Dative) of я. The Verb
Past and Infinitive он прђдал / продЌл, онЌ продалЌ (only), мы
помогЌй+ requires Dative.
are normal прђдали / продЌли
37 нђутбук notebook computer; laptop 36 развёд´+…ся get divorced (One-time action) Note that this
Verb is end-stressed, and that the д is lost in all
38 нож΄ knife
forms of the Past Tense
S2 общежЏтие dormitory
38 сломЌй+…ся break (down) (One-time action)
37 PC (Pronounced: PC (The Latin letters are used for this word)
S2
×
спроси+ ask someone (One-time action)
писЏ)
S3 стЌн+ start (to do something) (One-time action)
40 передЌча TV show
S2 увЏде+ see; catch sight out (One-time action)
S3 пђчерк handwriting
39 писЌтель writer (for females you can use писЌтель or
писЌтельница) Adjectives, Adverbs & Quantifiers
37 пЌника panic S2 абсолїтный absolute
35 подЌрок (о) gift; present 36 бђльше more; to a greater degree
S3 поіт poet S2 врЎдный harmful; bad for you
34 пол-; половЏна half S3 вмЎсте together
34 прeзидЎнт president S2 всегдЌ always
S3 прЌвда truth как всегдЌ as always
37 прЏнтер printer 36 вторђй 2nd
S2 рэп-мѓзыка rap music 34 голђдный hungry
34 СибЏрь (F) Siberia (note that it has a ‘feminine’ ending S3 дЌльше further (Adverb)
in English) S3 дорогђй dear (Just as dear in English, this word can also
38 слон΄ elephant mean expensive)

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Vocabulary Lessons 34-40

S3 другђй another; different пЎрвого взглјда)


40 извЎстный famous взгляд view; sight
S3 зЌнят, -о, -а, -ы busy; occupied (Short-form adjective) S2 тебЎ + NOM there’s a [Noun] for you
37 как раз just; precisely (at this moment) 37 тђ-есть I mean, …; that is (to say) …
S2 лёгкий (Adverb: easy; not difficult; light (not heavy) S2 чем я могѓ тебЎ how can I help you?
легкђ) помђчь?
39 лѓчший best S2 іто не [чьё] дЎло it’s none of [Person’s] business
S3 мЏлый sweet; kind; nice S2 я тебЎ помогѓ I will help you
S2 мнђго a lot; often (Adverb)
38 мнђго + GEN much; many; a lot
37 мЏлый kind; nice
38 настојщий real; genuine
35 огрђмный huge; enormous
36 пЎрвый 1st
S2 прЌв, правЌ, прЌвы correct; right (Short-form adjective)
35 протЏвный despicable; disgusting
38 скђлько 1. how many (question)?
2. what a large number of X! (exclamation)
39 сЌмый + adjective most (forms the superlative degree)
36 срЌзу immediately; right away
35 сЎверный north (adj); northern
40 такђй so; to such a great extent
36 тепЎрешний (Soft current
stem!)
36 тепЎрь now; currently
S2 трѓдный difficult; hard
39 хѓдший worst
35 їжный south (adj); southern

Prepositions
35 для + GEN for (the sake/benefit of)
34 из + GEN (Place) from (a place)
S3 от + GEN (Person) from (a person)
37 у + GEN (Person) have (Lit.: by [Person] is [Thing])
+NOM (Thing)

Expressions & Misc.


38 Бђже мой my goodness
S3 всё обо всём everything about everything
S3 да Adds emphasis (does NOT mean yes)
S2 давЌй на «ты» let’s switch to the informal form of address
36 к сожалЎнию unfortunately
S2 кЌждый схђдит с to each his own (Lit.: Everyone loses his mind in
умЌ по-свђему his own way.)
40 кто такђй / такЌя / who is ...
такЏе
S2 мђжет быть maybe; perhaps
39 один´ (и) / однђ / one of (the)
однЌ из + GEN PL
34 откѓда вы / онЌ / where are you / she / they from?
онЏ? from where; whence
откѓда
S2 посмђтрим we’ll see (Future meaning!)
34 прЌвда? really? (lit.: (the) truth, like the newspaper)
S3 с однђй сторонѕ on the one hand … but on the other hand (Lit.:
… а с другђй from one side … but from the other side. Note the
сторонѕ use of the Genitive on однђй сторонѕ)
36 с пЎрвого взглјда at first sight (Note the use of the Genitive on

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