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CRD/VZY/USD6/SF 8421 – july 2008 issue

GFP cards

Module 1.
Goal:
To be able to configure GFP card
MODULE 1. 1-1

1.1. PRESENTATION 1-3


1.2. ETHERNET SERVICE 1-5
1.2.1. POINT TO POINT EC 1-6
1.2.2. MULTIPOINT TO MULTIPOINT 1-7
1.3. ETHERNET 1-9
1.3.1. ETHERNET FRAME 1-10
1.4. DIFFERENT KINF OF ETHERNET 1-16
1.4.1. VLAN 1-19
1.5. QOS 1-24
1.5.1. TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 1-28
1.5.2. METERING PROCESSING 1-32
1.6. VCAT,LCAS,GFP 1-36
1.6.1. VCAT 1-38
1.6.2. LCAS 1-39
1.6.3. GFP 1-40
1.7. ETHERNET OAM 1-45
1.8. MSTP 1-48
1.8.1. STP 1-49
1.8.2. MSTP 1-52

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CRD/VZY/USD6/SF 8421 – july 2008 issue

1.9. GFP150 CARD 1-58


1.10. 4E:FE CARD 1-70
1.11. 2GE-DM CARD 1-72
1.12. GFP2500 CARD 1-75

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CRD/VZY/USD6/SF 8421 – july 2008 issue

1.1. Presentation

Presentation

Ethernet service

SDH
1 GFP GFP 1

2 2
802.1ad 802.1ad
802.1q
SVLAN 802.1q
VLAN
802.3 (VMAN) 802.3

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Syllabus
Ethernet service
Ethernet, VLAN
QoS
VCAT, LCAS, GFP
Ethernet OAM
STP, MSTP
GFP150 card
4E:FE card
2GE-DM card
GFP2500 card
Glossary
3

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1.2. Ethernet service

Ethernet service model


User Network MEF
User Network
Customer Interface Interface
Edge (UNI) (UNI) Customer
(CE) Edge
SDH
Network (CE)

Service
Attributes
A service is what a CE sees (UNI-to-UNI)
UNI is the demarcation between service provider and Customer responsabilities
• Dedicated to a single subscriber
• Standard Ethernet compliant with IEEE802.1D/Q and IEEE802.3

CE may be any kind of customer equipment as a switch or routeur

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1.2.1. Point to point EC

Point-to-Point EC (Ethernet Connection)


(EP-Line et EVP-Line) MEF

SDH physical link

EVP-Line
EP-Line

Two UNIs are associated


Two kind of connections :
• Ethernet Private Line (EP-Line) when the physical resources are dedicated
• Ethernet Virtual Private Line (EVP-Line) when the physical resources are shared

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1.2.2. Multipoint to multipoint

Multipoint-to-Multipoint EC (EP-LAN and


EVP-LAN) MEF

Two UNIs ore more are associated (one EC MP2MP with 2 UNIs is different from one
EC P2P, cause new UNIs can be added at any time).
2 kind of connections :
• Ethernet Private LAN (EP-LAN) when the physical resources are dedicated
• Ethernet Virtual Private LAN (EVP-LAN) when the physical resources are shared

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CRD/VZY/USD6/SF 8421 – july 2008 issue

Ethernet service
UNI-C is the interface on subscriber side.
UNI-N is the interface with subscriber on network side
I-NNI is a network provider interface with an other I-NNI interface of the same provider.
E-NNI is a network provider interface with an other E-NNI interface of another provider.

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1.3. Ethernet

Syllabus
Ethernet service
Ethernet, VLAN
QoS
VCAT, LCAS, GFP
Ethernet OAM
STP, MSTP
GFP150 card
Carte 4E:FE card
Carte 2GE-DM card
Carte GFP2500 card
Glossary
8

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1.3.1. Ethernet frame

Ethernet frame 802.3


Manufacturer Code Serial Number
8 bytes Frame Delimiter (22 bits) (24 bits)
Global / Local bit
Individual (unicast) /Group (multicast + broadcast) bit
6 bytes DA = Destination Address

6 bytes SA = Source Address There is a unique physical


1 address ,on each Ethernet port,
2 bytes Ethertype (or Length)
coded on 48 bits
MAC
2 Upper Layer Headers and Datas frame
46 - 1500 bytes
And more
(jumbo frame)
dot notation: in hexadecimal
ex: 00:60:4C:53:A1:6B
PAD

802.3
4 bytes FCS = Frame Check Sequence

12 bytes Inter-frame Gap

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10

Ethernet principle
Original conception of R. Metcalfe (1976)

10

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11

Bus topology

Bandwidth shared by all the stations


• coaxial cable
• Twisted Pair
• Optical Fibre

11

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12

OSI stack

4 Transport Transport
3 Network Network

2 Link Link

1 Physical

12

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13

« IP » stack
5

4 TCP TCP

3 IP IP

LLC LLC IEEE 802.2


2 MAC MAC
IEEE 802.3
PHY PHY
1 MAU MAU
Medium
13

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14

CSMA/CD

Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection


• Signal detection on the network
• If no one is transmitting, then transmission
• Monitoring of the frame
• If the frame is damaged (collision), then retransmission

14

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1.4. Different Kinf of ethernet

15

Different kind of Ethernet

Electrical
• 10BASE-T
• 100BASE-TX
• 1000BASE-X
• Half duplex
• Full duplex
Optical
• 1000BASE-FX
• 1000BASE-LX

15

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16

Different kind of Ethernet


IEEE Standard Designation Bit rate Type of medium Maximum length of a segment

802.3 10BASE2 10 Mbit/s Thin Coax RG58 185 m

10BASE5 10 Mbit/s Thick Coax RG58 500 m

10BASE-T 10 Mbis/s Cat 3 UTP 2 pairs 100 m

100BASE-TX 100 Mbis/s Cat 5e UTP 2 pairs 100 m


802.3u
100BASE-T4 100 Mbis/s Cat 3 UTP 4 pairs 100 m

100BASE-FX 100 Mbis/s Fibre multimode 412 m


802.3z 1000BASE-SX (850 nm) 1 000 Mbis/s 50/125µ MMF 500 m

1000BASE-SX (850 nm) 1 000 Mbis/s 62.5/125µ MMF 275 m

1000BASE-LX (1300 nm) 1 000 Mbis/s 9/125µ SMF 5,55 km

802.3ab 1000BASE-T 1 000 Mbis/s 4p Cat 5e / 2p Cat6 100 m

50/125 - 62,5/125
802.3ae 10G Base-SX 10 000 Mbit/s 65-300 m
MMF

10G Base-LX 10 000 Mbit/s 9/125µ SMF 10-40km

10G/Sonet(9,5) 9 995,28 Mbit/s STM64/OC192 X100 km


16
MMF = MultiMode Fiber SMF = SingleMode Fiber

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17

MAC frame lenght in ADR

ADR155c in P5.4.5 og version..


ADR2500eXtra in P3.0.1 es version.

Min Max Jumbo


Card
Size Size frame
Min Max Jumbo
Card
Size Size frame

4E/FE 64 1600 N.A


GFP150eXtra 64 1552 N.A

GFP150 64 1552 N.A


GE-DM-SX
GE-DM-ZX 64 -> 9600
GE-DM-LX
Note 1 : The frame lengths, in bytes, include the 4-byte Frame
Check Sequence.
2GE-DM-SFP 64 -> 9600 Note 2 : The first release of the 4E/FE cards which will support
Jumbo frames is the P5.4.6 release of the ADR155c and the
2GE-DM-2G 64 -> 9600 P1.4.6 release of the ADR155CPE.
Note 3 : The first release of the GE-DM cards which supports
GFP2500-2GE Jumbo frames is the P2.4.10 release of the ADR2500eXtra.
64 -> 10256
GMII mode Note 4 : The behaviour of the GFP2500 card is due to the
limitation of its EP48PT and DX255 components.
GFP2500 card : GMII mode :VCG set with more than 100 Mbit/s.
GFP2500-2GE GFP2500 card : SMII mode : VCG set with less than 100 Mbit/s.
17 mode 64 -> 3150
SMII

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1.4.1. VLAN

18

VLAN Client C-VLAN IEEE 802.1Q


6 bytes
DA = Destination Address

6 bytes SA = Source Address


Ethertype (hex): 802.1Q = 8100
802.1ad = 88A8
4 bytes VLAN Tag
P VID = VLAN Id
(3 bits) 0 (12 bits)
1 2 octets Ethertype (or Length)

46 - 1500 bytes
Upper Layer Headers and Datas
Up to 4094 VLAN (0 and 4095
2 reserved)

802.1q
PAD
Up to 8 priorities (or Classes
VLAN of Service)
802.3
4 bytes FCS = Frame Check Sequence

ARP = 0806
Ethertype (hex):
IPv4 = 0800

18 IPv6 = 86DD

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VLAN priority 802-1p


Allocate a priority to a VLAN

User Priority: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
e-mail, Files Transfert

User Priority: 6, 7
VoIP, Real time Video

19

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20

QoS management design – Ethernet Services


 Example from MEF (with 8 CoS)

20

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21

SVLAN supplier VLAN IEEE 802.1ad

DA
6

SA
6
Ethertype = 88A8

S-VLAN tag (16 b)


1 4
PCP
D S-VLAN ID
E
(3 b) I (12 b)
C-VLAN tag
0-4
(if necessary)
Length/Ethertype 2
2
802.1ad
46-1500
802.1q MAC payload
SVLAN and more
VLAN
802.3 (VMAN)
FCS

Up to 4030 S-VLAN (2- 4031)


 S-VLAN MSTP (4032- 4095)

21

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22

Priorities SVLAN
Type UP 802-1p on GFP150 card
coded with PCP (Priority Code point encoding) 802-1ad on GFP2500 card,
5P3D code used.

The frames, according to their priority, will be sent to the associated Traffic
Class.

22

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1.5. QoS

23

Syllabus
Ethernet service
Ethernet, VLAN
QoS
VCAT, LCAS, GFP
Ethernet OAM
STP, MSTP
GFP150 card
4E:FE card
2GE-DM card
GFP2500 card
Glossary
23

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24

QoS (Quality Of Service) Presentation

SLA Service Level Agreement


Contract negotiated with the customer

It’s the guaranty for the customer that his traffic will be
carried in the foreseeable and wanted conditions

24

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QoS bandwidth parameters

CIR: committed information rate


PIR: Peak Information Rate
CBS: Committed Burst Size

25

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26

QoS priorities

Based on 802-1p
802-1ad

26

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1.5.1. Traffic management

27

Traffic Management
Traffic is managed by different process in the Ethernet over SDH
equipment.
Metering Policing Queuing

Marking Discarding Scheduling


Classification
Shaping

a d

b e

Forwarding
c f
Engine

Ingress Ingress Eggress


queues process process Eggress queues Schedulers

27

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28

Ingress Process
 Classification :
- flow identification based on the Ethernet frame :
- (Port and L2 header (SA, DA, Ethertype, VID, PCP)
- define CoS and process
- SVLAN associated to the frame
 Metering :
- rate measurement
- define drop precedence (green, yellow, red)
 Marking :
• mark CoS or Drop Precedence in L2 (PCP bits)
 Policing :
• Ingress rate limitation by immediate Red frame/packet dropping

28

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Egress Process
Discarding :
• Queue overflow prevention via a discard algorythm f(port, CoS, Drop Precedence):
- Tail Drop (TD)
- Weighted RED (WRED)
Queuing :
• Store frame/packet in the appropriate queue
Scheduling :
- queue extraction via a queuing algorythm:
- Strict Priority (SP)
- Weighted Round Robin (WRR)

Shaping :
• Eggress rate control per port or per queue (one queue per CoS and per port)

29

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QoS on GFP150 card

30

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1.5.2. Metering processing

31

QoS Metering processing


CIR, CBS (explication):
Example : CIR = 2Mbit/s (250Kbytes/s) and CBS = 2 Kbytes
(MTU = 1552 bytes)

A rate of 250Kbytes/s with a token size of 2 Kbytes means :


(125 tokens at 2 Kbytes )/sec

So a token every 8ms ! =>(1/125)


Token distribution

2Kbytes 2Kbytes 2Kbytes 2Kbytes


time
8ms

frames:

64B 512B
1518B 1518B 1518B
time
31 8ms

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32

QoS on GFP2500 card


CoS
VCG1
UP to PCP
TC0
Eth 1 TC1 n*VC3 or VC4
SVLAN 12 priority 3 TC2
C-VLAN 22 TC3

SVLAN15 priority 7

C-VLAN 23
S-VLAN 18+ priority 7

SVLAN 18+ priority 3


Eth 2
CVLAN10 priority 3 SVLAN18 UPC

C-VLAN2 priority 7

32

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PCP encoding/decoding principle


The operator sets the Class of
Service or User Priority : from 0
to 7
The metering (CIR, PIR) marks PCP Encoding PCP Decoding
UP G/Y 5PD3D
the frames (Green, Yellow, Red) 0 G 0 5PD3 G/Y TC
Red frames are discarded, Y/DE 1 D
1 G 0 0 G 0
Yellow frames are Drop Elligible.
Y/DE 1 1 Y/DE
2 G 2
Y/DE 3 2 G 1
3 G 2
3 Y/DE
Y/DE 3
4 G 4 4 G 2
Y/DE 5
5 G 4 5 Y/DE
Y/DE 5 6 G 3
6 G 6
Y/DE 6 7 G
7 G 7
Y/DE 7

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34

QoS on GFP2500 card


Example with SVLAN 12

PCP Encoding PCP Decoding


UP G/Y 5PD3D
0 G 0 5PD3D G/Y TC
Y/DE 1
1 G 0 TC0 0 G 0
Y/DE 1
1 Y/DE
2 G 2
Y/DE 3 G
G TC1 2 1
3 2
Y/DE 3 Y/DE
3
4 G 4 4 G 2
Y/DE 5
5 G 4 TC2 5 Y/DE
Y/DE 5
6 G 6 6 G 3
Y/DE 6
7 G 7 TC3 7 G
Y/DE 7

34

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1.6. VCAT,LCAS,GFP

35

Syllabus
Ethernet service
Ethernet, VLAN
QoS
VCAT, LCAS, GFP
Ethernet OAM
STP, MSTP
GFP150 card
4E:FE card
2GE-DM card
GFP2500 card
Glossary
35

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36

Presentation

1 GFP
VC
VC
VCG STM
2
802.1ad
802.1q
SVLAN
VLAN
802.3 (VMAN)

36

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1.6.1. VCAT

37

Concatenation
Compliant to G.707
Virtual Concatenation (VCAT): ie. VC3-2v, VC4-7v
- For a better bandwidth adjustment the VC can be concatenated
- requires a specific processing at both ends of a connection. No impact on
intermediate nodes
- resulting aggregated channel is named a VC group (VCG)
- channels of the same VCG may follow different paths, resulting in different
propagation delays. The receiving node must store the different members in order to
perform realignment
- Multi-Frame Indicator (MFI) and Sequence Nbr (SQ) in the H4 byte provide the
necessary information for a successful alignment;

37

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1.6.2. LCAS

38

LCAS Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme


Compliant to G.7042 Link capacity adjustment scheme (LCAS) for virtual
concatenated signals

The GFP2500 card enables activation of the standard protocol "Link Capacity
Adjustment System" (LCAS) independently on each of the 22 VCGs.

LCAS is useful to :
• Dynamically add or remove VC members from a VCG without deactivating the VCG
(making it a hitless operation for traffic)
• Dynamically adjust the available bandwidth when alarms are triggered ON/OFF on the
VC members of a VCG. The bandwidth of every VC under failure is subtracted from the
VCG bandwidth. Hence, in case of failures the VCG continues to forward traffic as long as
there is still at least one operational VC

Without LCAS :
• The GFP2500 card requires deactivation of a VCG before VC members can be added or
removed (it forces a traffic interruption)
• A VCG becomes completely broken as soon as an alarm is triggered on at least one VC
member. Plus, it becomes operational again only once no VC is under failure anymore.
38

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1.6.3. GFP

39

GFP Generic Framing Procedure


GFP (G.7041) provides a generic
mechanism to adapt traffic from higher-
layer client signals over a transport
Higher Layers
network
Ethernet PPP FC Other clients

GFP - Payload dependant


Two modes of client signal adaptation
are currently defined:
GFP - Payload independant
• A packet-oriented mode, referred to
SDH VC-n Other octet-synch Digital Wrapper
(G.707) paths (G.709)
as Frame-mapped GFP (GFP-F)
• A block-oriented adaptation mode,
referred to as Transparent GFP (GFP-T)

39

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40

GFP Generic Framing Procedure

 GFP-F protocol is used


 There are 8 bytes header and 4 optional bytes FCS
 If there is no Ethernet frame, « IDLE » GFP frames are sent to
maintain the link synchronisation

40

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GFP frame format


GFP frame GFP idle frame
PLI
PLI 2
Core (=0)
header
cHEC 2 cHEC

PTI PFI EXI 1


UPI 1 Payload
header
tHEC 2

Extension
0-58 Extension
header
Not used header
PLI Payload Length Indicator
eHEC 2 (option)
HEC Header Error Control
PTI Payload Type Identifier
(data, OAM)
Payload PFI Payload FCS Indicator
n EXI Extension Header Identifier
(0 to 65535 bytes)
(null, linear, ring)
UPI User Payload Idenfier
Ext head Include CID for channel multiplexing
FCS Frame Check Sequence
FCS
FCS 4
(option)

41

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42

Virtual Concatenation (VCAT)

Intermediate node
Virtual Not concerned Virtual
Concatenation Concatenation

2 VC1
VC1 2
1 2 VC1
VC 2

VC1 2
2 VC1

VC12-3v VCG

42

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Ethernet frame over SDH

Ethernet GFP SDH

43

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1.7. Ethernet OAM

44

Syllabus
Ethernet service
Ethernet, VLAN
QoS
VCAT, LCAS, GFP
Ethernet OAM
STP, MSTP
GFP150 card
4E:FE card
2GE-DM card
GFP2500 card
Glossary
44

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Ethernet - OAM OAM-CC 802.1ag

OAM Operation Administration and Maintenance

The OAM function in the GFP card, is used to supervise the


customer traffic. It is based on the IEEE-802.1ag

This function consist in sending and receiving specific messages


to monitor customer traffic and to known the network status.

These frames are called: CC:Continuity Check.


45

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OAM-CC
NNI
NNI
C UNI-N UNI-
E SDH Network N

C
E
ADR2500 eXtra N°1 S-Vlani ADR2500 eXtra N°
2

Probe Source OAM-CC The number of source probes is limited to 256 per card
Probe Sink OAM-CC the number of sink probes is limited to 256, per card.
 The frame multicast OAM is not distributed on the UNI-N port (customer), it is
distributed on NNI ports.
 The OAM CC multicast MAC address is by default: 01-80-C2-00-00-67.

 The OAM-CC function manages 2 supervision alarms :


• OAM Degraded : in this case it is the loss of one up to three consecutive CC frames
• OAM Defect : in this case it is the loss of at least four consecutive CC frames
 The period between two OAM frames is configurable : 10s by default.
 Notes :
The periodic OAM defect, can mean that network capacity for the VCG are not adjusted, and that
congestions appear (example : a VC link loss in a VCG with LCAS).
46

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1.8. MSTP

47

Syllabus
Ethernet service
Ethernet, VLAN
QoS
VCAT, LCAS, GFP
Ethernet OAM
STP, MSTP
GFP150 card
4E:FE card
2GE-DM card
GFP2500 card
Glossary
47

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1.8.1. STP

48

Ethernet STP
The goal of STP in an Ethernet network: avoid the loop !

1 1

2 4 2 3

3 4

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Ethernet STP

Different Spanning Tree Protocol :

STP : IEEE 802.1d standard

RSTP : IEEE 802.1w standard

MSTP : IEEE 802.1s standard prend en compte SVLAN

49

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Ethernet loop: example


MAC @ Port Max age MAC @ Port Max age
00-00-00-00-00-15 1 00-00-00-00-00-17 1

Vlan ID = 25 9
9
Vlan ID = 1200
S 15 S S
S
GFP D GFP D
D D 10
H H
H H

13

1 1

Port n°1: Port n°2:


@DA: 00-00-00-00-00-10 Smartbit @DA: 00-00-00-00-00-16
@SA: 00-00-00-00-00-15 @SA: 00-00-00-00-00-17

Start transmit Start transmit

Stop transmit Stop transmit

50

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1.8.2. MSTP

51

MSTP (Multiple Spanning Tree)

It exists an instance of MSTP by VLAN : MSTI


There are 63 MSTI by region
CIST allows the management of the regions
MSTP
• compute the best way for the VLAN
• Recompute the best way in case of fails
• Avoid loop

51

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MSTP
MSTP control packets (BPDU) are used to exchange configuration
information and notify topology changes occurring in the network.

BPDU: Bridge Protocol Data Unit

 Each MSTP port is managed by two informations:


• Port state
• Port role

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MSTP
Port State can be:
• Disabled: this port is not included in MSTP protocol
• Forwarding: this port is included in MSTP protocol and can transmit and
receive frames

Port role can be:


• Discarding
• Backup
• Learning
• Designated
• root

53

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MSTP Parameters Configuration

With default parameters (all identical for all GFP cards), the root bridge is
the GFP card with the lower MAC address.

Le Root Bridge may be selected by modifying the Bridge Id parameter.

54

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MSTP Convergence
Root
Port
Forwarding frames between Root 1 Bridge C
Designated
ports and Designated ports Ports

Root 1
Port
Bridge A
Designated
2
Port 3
3 Root
3 Designated Ports
Ports Bridge D
Bridge Z 1 1
(Root)
Blocking
2

Designated
Designated Ports
Port 4
3
3 Bridge B 1 Designate
3 d Ports
Root
Port 2 Root
Ports
Designate 1 Bridge E
d Ports

55
Blocking port: Unused port Not root or designated port

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MSTP Limitation

There's no limitation for quantity of nodes in MSTP ring.

But the maximum bridge diameter of the Bridge LAN (The maximum
number of Bridges between any two points of attachment of end stations)
should be limited.

The Recommended value is 7.

56

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1.9. GFP150 card

57

Syllabus
Ethernet service
Ethernet, VLAN
QoS
VCAT, LCAS, GFP
Ethernet OAM
STP, MSTP
GFP150 card
4E:FE card
2GE-DM card
GFP2500 card
Glossary
57

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GFP150 card presentation

8 Ethernet /Fast Ethernet ports :10/100 Base-Tx


58

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GFP150 card

To SDH cross-
connect GFP Ethernet
155 Mb/s 8
encapsulation Switch
E/FE TX
16 FE

Point to point and multipoint to multipoint applications


Transport on VCG : VC12-nv (1 to 46) VC3-nv (1 or 2)
Standard Protocols (GFP, VCAT, LCAS)
Ethernet Switch function with QoS and VLAN (IEEE802.1D/Q)
Protection SDH traffic with MSP, SNCP

59

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GFP150 card in ADR


The GFP150 card takes place in slot A or C
Only one card ADRGFP150 per shelf
•the set up of ADRGFP150 card, start the fan up in« permanent
cooling » mode

The GFP150 eXtra card takes place in trib: 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8

The card is hot swappable

60

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GFP150 Functional presentation


The services provided by GFP150 are :
•EPLine and EVPLine to interconnect in point to point mode Ethernet flows
•EPLAN and EVPLAN to interconnect in multipoint mode Ethernet flows
The maximum bandwidth of the card to SDH is the STM-1 capacity either :
63 VC12, 3 VC3 or mix configuration
The GFP150 card provides various QoS functions:
•metering et policing des flux en entrée

61

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GFP150 Protection

Possibility to use the SDH protections


• SNC
• MSP
•MS-SPring

62

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GFP150 characteristics
le bridge is standard VLAN (802.1p) compliant

The MAC address are shared by all the ports sont partagées par tous
les ports et VMAN (S-VLAN)

Each MAC address is associated to a VLAN-ID.

the MAC address table is updated on each time a new address is


learned.

Size of the MAC address table: 16K

63

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TP : Ethernet Private Line


Trails:

VCG:
ETH1:
G ETH1 :
G
F ADR VMAN:
ADR F
HTT P P
P QoS:

SDH

Via NMS
•1 Création des trails Menu: creation > Traffic carrier > Domain:SDH > Family:Trails > Type:VC12 ou VC3
•2 Création du VCG Menu: creation > Traffic carrier > Domain:Ethernet >Family:VCGroups > Type VCGroup
•3 allocation des Trails dans le VCG
•4 création du VMAN Menu: creation > Traffic carrier > Domain:Ethernet >Family:Services > Type: Eth pt to pt service

64

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TP : Ethernet Virtual Private Line

QoS:
SDH QoS:

Trails:
ETH1: ETH1 :

VCG:
G
G
F ADR VMAN: ADR F
P
P QoS:
HTTP

QoS:

ETH2: ETH2:
Serveur
VLC
VLC vidéo
QoS: QoS:

65

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TP : Ethernet Private Lan


QoS:
Trails:

VCG:
ETH1:
VMAN:
HTTP QoS:
G
F
ADR QoS:
G
ETH1 :
P
ADR F
P

Trails:

VCG:
QoS:
QoS:
QoS VMAN: ETH1:
:
HTTP ETH1 HTTP
G
:
G ADR ADR F
F Trails: P
P

VCG:

VMAN:
QoS:

66

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TP : Ethernet Private Lan avec MSTP Trails:


QoS:
VCG:
ETH1:
VMAN:
HTTP ADR QoS:
G
F
ADR G
P F ETH1 :
P
QoS:

Trails:

Trails: VCG:

VMAN:
VCG:

QoS: QoS:

QoS VMAN:
:
HTTP ETH1 HTTP
: G
G
F
ADR F
P
Trails:
P
VCG:
ADR
QoS:
VMAN:
ETH1:
QoS:

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TP : Ethernet Virtual Private Lan QoS:

ETH1 :

Trails:
QoS:
VCG:
ETH1:
VMAN:
HTTP
G
F
ADR QoS:
G
Serveur
P
ADR F
P vidéo

QoS:

ETH2 :

QoS:
VLC Trails:
ETH2 :

QoS: VCG:
QoS:
QoS:
QoS VMAN: ETH1:
: QoS:

HTTP ETH1 HTTP


G
:
G ADR ADR F
F Trails: P
P

VCG:

VMAN:
VLC
VLC QoS:
ETH2: ETH2:

QoS:
68 QoS: QoS:

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1.10. 4E:FE card

69

Syllabus
Ethernet service
Ethernet, VLAN
QoS
VCAT, LCAS, GFP
Ethernet OAM
STP, MSTP
GFP150 card
4E:FE card
2GE-DM card
GFP2500 card
Glossary
69

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4EFE card
Point to point application
4 access 10/100Base-T
4EF
4 VCG max
VC12-nV/
VC3-nV
E
●VC3-nV (1 < n < 2)
STM1
(towards SDH
w LCAS
Mapper
Ethernet Ethernet
8 FE
●VC12-nV (1 < n < 46)
Switch PHY
switch fabric) +
GFP
4VCG
Total bandwidth < 150 Mb/s
Framer
GFP protocol
up to 8 VCG 8 FE Capacity Adjustment LCAS
Pause frame management
 1 of the 4 slots ADR155c

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1.11. 2GE-DM card

71

Syllabus
Ethernet service
Ethernet, VLAN
QoS
VCAT, LCAS, GFP
Ethernet OAM
STP, MSTP
GFP150 card
4E:FE card
2GE-DM card
GFP2500 card
Glossary
71

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GE Dual Mode card


Point to point application (EPLine)
1 or 2 Giga Ethernet ports
Transport on n VC4 (n=1 to 7) by VCG
Standards protocols (GFP, LCAS et VCAT)
Bandwidth 600M or 2.5G to the SDH switch
SFP module SX (500m), LX (10km), ZX (50km)
SDH Protection with SNCP or MS-SPRing

STM4 ou
STM16 GE SFP
VC4-nV
Mapper
Ethernet Ethernet GE SFP
+
MAC PHY
GFP
Framer

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GE Dual Mode slots configurations


STM4 mode:
• The board can take place: Trib1 to Trib8, Line1 and Line2

STM16 mode
• The board can take place in : Trib3, Trib4, Line 1 and Line 2.

• If the Trib 3 or 4 is in STM16 mode so theTrib on the same line cannot be


exploited

Limitation :
• SW32HOLO : 2 GE-DM boards maximum
• SWITCHHOLO : 4 GE-DM boards maximum

73

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1.12. GFP2500 card

74

Syllabus
Ethernet service
Ethernet, VLAN
QoS
VCAT, LCAS, GFP
Ethernet OAM
STP, MSTP
GFP150 card
4E:FE card
2GE-DM card
GFP2500 card
Glossary
74

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GFP2500 card presentation


GFP2500 board
• 2 Giga-Ethernet ports with Switch level 2
• EPLine, EVPLine, EPLan, EVLan
• bandwidth 600M or 2.5G to the SDH switch
• SFP module SX (500m), LX (10km), ZX (50km) Gigabit Ethernet

• VLAN, MSTP

RING

Ethernet/ FastEthernet

Ethernet/ FastEthernet

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GFP2500 Configurations Slots


STM4 mode:
• The board can take place: Trib1 to Trib8, Line1 and Line2

STM16 mode
• The board can take place in : Trib3, Trib4, Line 1 and Line 2.

• If the Trib 3 or 4 is in STM16 mode so theTribs on the same line cannot be


exploited

Limitation :
• SW32HOLO : 2 GFP2500 boards maximum
• SWITCHHOLO : 4 GFP2500 boards maximum

76

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GFP2500 Characteristics
 Characteristics
• 2 GE ports (modules SFP : GE-SX, GE-LX, GE-ZX, electrical)
• 256 SVLAN maximum by board
• 64 SVLAN maximum in tag process Replace
• 22 VCG maximum if the bandwidth of each VCG is < 100M
• 4 VCG maximum if the bandwidth of each VCG is > 100M
STM16 mode:
• 16 VC4
• 48 VC3
STM4 mode:
• 4 VC4
• 12 VC3

77

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GFP2500 interworking
In VC4 connectivity:
• 2GE-DM-2G
• 2GE-DM-SFP
• 2GE-DM-SX or 2GE-DM-LX or 2GE-DM-ZX
• GE-DM-SX or GE-DM-LX or GE-DM-ZX
• GIG-E-SX or GIG-E-LX or GIG-E-ZX

in VC3 connectivity:


• 2GE-DM-2G
• GFP150extra and GFP150
• 4EFE

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S-Vlan description: Tag of frames

 The GFP2500 card provides 2 S-Vlan tag profiles :


• the 802.1Q tag defined by the standard
• An other free tag

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S-Vlan description : Tag of frames

 The GFP2500 card allows to define two S-Vlan tags which can be used
for the configuration :
• the tag 802.1Q defined by the standard
• a tag whose configuration is offered in the Global Settings window of
the "Switch" menu

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TAG process : NONE

No S-VLAN tag is added to the frames of this service.


• Optimum Bandwith
• Only Point to Point Classification

EP-Line

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TAG process : ADD


a S-Vlan tag is added
• to each frame belonging to the S-Vlan and entering on a UNI-N port.
• This tag will contain the value of S-Vlan, the priority defined for the S-Vlan (see )
and the Ethertype field defined for the S-Vlan (Switch > Miscellaneous menu)
The S-Vlan tag is then deleted at the output of a UNI-N port or a NNI port classified
“Port Based”.

82

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TAG process : REPLACE

the C-Vlan field of the C-Vlan tag of the frames entering on the UNI-N
port will be replaced by the value of S-Vlan

In this configuration only C-Vlan classification will be authorized and no


range of C-Vlan could be defined

83

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Classifications
Classification based on "C-Vlan"
• all the frames received on this port and whose value of C-Vlan corresponds to the
defined values in "C-Vlan range" will be associated to the S-Vlan.
Classification based on "User Predefined" :
• all the frames satisfying User Predefined will be associated to this S-Vlan
Classification based on "Default"
• all the frames of this port answering no other classification will be associated to this S-
Vlan

84

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Classification
Classification based on "Point to Point"
• all the frames of this port will be associated to this S-Vlan.
• Maximum two ports for which no SLA could be defined.

Classification based on "Port"


• all the frames received on this port are associated to the S-Vlan
• Untagged

Classification based on "S-Vlan"


• For all the frames received on this port, the value of the S-Vlan tag defines the
associated S-Vlan.
• For an E-NNI port it is possible to define a different S-Vlan associated to the
incoming S-Vlan tag (Translation de S-VLAN)

85

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Classification based on “C-Vlan” Example


all the frames received on this port and whose value of C-Vlan corresponds
to the defined values in "C-Vlan range" will be associated to the S-Vlan.

C-VLAN 35
C-VLAN 36 S-VLAN 2
C-VLAN 37
C-VLAN 15

C-VLAN 30

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COS or TC
For each SVAN the class of priority of the frames is defined from 0 to 7 (S-Vlan List >
CoS menu).
In this configuration the same priority will be allotted to all the frames of the VLAN

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COS or TC
It is also possible to choose the mode User Priority
In this case the priority of each frame of the SVLAN will be defined according to the
configuration of the table proposed in the screen Switch > Port Priority.

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MAC@ table
This screen displays all the @ MAC in the S-Vlan and the associated ports
The MAC table size is 16K@

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MAC@ table
It is possible to prohibit with certain frames having a particular MAC@ to
forward in the SVLAN even its satisfy the criteria of classification

( Switch>Forbidden MAC@)

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Table MAC@
 In the same way, it is possible to define in one SVLAN a static
address, always known and not subjected to the criteria of a ageing

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LDR Link Down Retransmit


The Link Down Retransmit function can only be used in point to point
mode on a S-Vlan constituted of one Ethernet port and one VCG port in
each equipment.
ETH Down Report

3
Status Down Locs + VCG Down
2 SDH
4
GFP2500 VCG VCG GFP2500
"LDR Enable" "LDR Enable" Forced
1 Cut off
GE GE

VCG Down Report

2 2
3 VCG Down SDH VCG Down 3

GFP2500"LD VCG VCG GFP2500


Forced REnable" "LDR Enable" Forced
Cut off Cut off
GE GE
1

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Flow control
The Pause function (IEEE 802.3 Flow control) can only be used in point
to point mode/full duplex on a S-Vlan constituted of one UNI-N GE port and
one I-NNI or E-NNI VCG port.

"Enable" allows to process received pause frames and to send pause


frames in case of congestion ; the pause mode of each GE port can be
changed independently and is optional.

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Link Aggregation 802.3ad


a logical Ethernet interface made up of 2 Gigabit Ethernet ports.
 The distribution of the traffic on the physical Gigabit Ethernet ports is based on the
value of the MAC DA / SA of the entering frames.
The configuration of the logical interface is that of the port defined as being the
“MASTER”.
If one of the Gigabit Ethernet links had suddenly been defective, the logical link would
function in degraded mode with a capacity equal to that of the Gigabit
Ethernet link always operational.

I-NNI
I-
C UNI- GE : UNI-N
GE : NNI 1
E N 1 SDH Network
GE :
GE : 2 C
UNI- 2 E
N UNI-N
ADR2500 eXtra N°1 S-Vlani ADR2500 eXtra N°
2

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Link Aggregation 802.3ad

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GFP2500 Maintenance
 No Line loopback.
 L2 echo by DA-SA swapping.
 Only one GE or VCG port for one S-VLAN.

GFP2500
GFP2500

ETHERNET SA-DA swapping


TESTER

ETHERNET SERVICE
GFP2500

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Applications SDH NG

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Solution NG SDH SAGEM :

PSTN

Mobile Internet

SDH

Ring ADM

ADR 2500eXtra
STM-N
Linear ADM

ADR 155C

P-to-P

Tree
ADR 2500eXtra

E1/T3/E3, Ethernet, GE, STM-1

Voice
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Exemple de TP EPLine ou EVPLine

C-VLAN 1
Router
SDH
C-VLAN 2
VoIP

C-VLAN 3
SW

Server VIDEO C-VLAN 1 C-VLAN 2

C-VLAN 3

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Syllabus
Ethernet service
Ethernet, VLAN
QoS
VCAT, LCAS, GFP
Ethernet OAM
STP, MSTP
GFP150 card
4E:FE card
2GE-DM card
GFP2500 card
Glossary
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Glossary
CE : Customer edge
MAC: Media Access Control
LAN: Local Area Network
VLAN: Virtual LAN
EC : Ethernet connection
EPLine: Ethernet Private Line
EPLan: Ethernet Private LAN
EVPline: Ethernet Virtual Private Line
EVPLan: Ethernet Virtual Private LAN
SLA: Service Level Agreement
VC: Virtual Container
VCG: Virtual Concatenation Group
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Glossary
CIR: Committed Information Rate
PIR: Peak Information Rate
CBS: Committed Burst Size
QoS: Quality Of Service
CoS : Class Of Service
GFP: Generic Frame Procedure
LCAS: Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme
MSTP : Multiple Spanning Tree protocol
CST : Common Spanning Tree
MSTI : Multiple spanning Tree Information

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