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Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX


MEDIA ACCESS CROSS-CONNECT | RELEASE 1.0

Introduction
The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 Media Access Cross-Connect (MAX) is a new member of the Alcatel-Lucent 15xx Business Access product family. The latest design concepts and the use of the newest technologies have enabled an enormous increase in performance, reliability and capacity, while at the same time reducing the footprint and power consumption. This raises the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX far above the standards of competitors products. The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX scales from a single 2 Mb/s 30-channel multiservice access multiplexer to a compact 132 E1 port 1/0 cross-connect. It is ideally suited for mission-critical business access applications, as well as utility network applications in a variety of networks with different services. In public telecom networks, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is typically used in fixed, mobile and NGN networks for data/voice separation, grooming and leased-line applications. In utility and private networks for rail, oil & gas pipelines, electricity, military and security applications, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX serves in either a linear or ring type of network with drop-andinsert functionality. The platforms unique architecture enables the combination of both functionalities (Mux and Cross-Connect) in a single sub-rack, thus creating a hybrid access node that functions as a cross-connect while also containing a number of voice/data tributaries. Indeed, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX provides a wide variety of tributaries for its 64 kb/sbased multiplexer function: voice, low-speed data, high-speed data, optical TPS (Teleprotection Switch) interface, and 30 x 64 kb/s channel banks. For its cross-connect function, it provides E1 tributaries. The platforms future-safe architecture allows a versatile, scalable and flexible solution, which can be easily customized and is able to address different types of networks and customers. It offers our customers the possibility of a high capacity extension. The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX also offers full-redundancy at the link, processor and power level with a fully non-blocking matrix, providing an availability of more than 99.999 percent. This is a key driver for utility network applications for which the availability level of telecom equipment is paramount to the service providers business. In addition, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is managed by an intuitive and SNMP-based, state-of-the-art management platform: the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM (Element Manager). The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX also incorporates a Web-based Craft Terminal.

Table of Contents
1 1 2 4 5 6 8 11 12 12 12 13 15 16 17 18 19 19 20 21 22 23 23 25 25 26 26 27 29 30 Product Description The Solution in Brief General Functional Description and Product Architecture Physical View Common Subsystems Voice Equipment Subsystems Data Equipment Subsystems Tributaries for Cross-Connect and Multiplexer Application Cross-Connect Function Multiplex Function Redundancy Signaling Clock and Synchronization Conference Bridge Omnibus Lines or Party-lines Network Management Product Applications Private Networks Transport Railway Utility Energy Power Utility Energy Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Defense and Security Government Air Traffic Control Authority Digital TV and Radio Broadcasting Fixed Service Provider Private Line/Leased Line Mobile Aggregation Networks Product Features and Benefits Technical Data Abbreviations

Product Description
The Solution in Brief

The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX (Media Access Cross-connect) is a member of the AlcatelLucent 15xx Business Access product family. The platform combines a first-order multiplexer for up to 240 tributary ports (with a mix of voice and data) with a 1/0 cross-connect for up to 132 2 Mb/s ports. As such, it combines two basic network access functions in a very compact and cost-effective solution with only one standard 19-inch sub-rack. The hardware modularity allows a versatile, scalable and flexible solution, which: covers different types of networks and customers enables easy customization allows a capacity extension from one 2 Mb/s port up to 132 2 Mb/s ports. Furthermore, the product offers reliability greater than 99.999%, in combination with a very high quality of service. This capability is realized by full redundancy at the link, processor, switch and power level, together with a full, non-blocking matrix.
A L C A T E L - L U C E N T 1 5 1 1 M A X M U LT I P L E X I N G F U N C T I O N

As a multiplexer, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX supports a large number of tributary interfaces as illustrated in Figure 1.
Figure 1. Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX user interfaces
ab (2 Wire) PSTN/Hotline/Payphone FE1 (G.703) PABX

V.35/V.36/V.28/X.21 132 x E1 64 kb/s-G.703 1511 MAX V.35/V.36/X.21 2/4 Wire

64 kb/s-LL and V.110 Subrate

Co- and Contra 64 kb/s n x 64 kb/s-LL Analogue LL-Modem Alarms Scan/Drive

IEEE C37.94

Teleprotection Switch

The voice tributaries support: POTS 2-wire interfaces (exchange side and subscriber side) Analog 2/4 wire interfaces (E&M) The data tributaries support: Co- and contra-directional data interface at 64 kb/s G. 703 Nx64 kb/s Sub-rate synchronous and asynchronous data streams up to 64 kb/s Data interfaces V.24/V.28, V.35, V.36, X.21, EIA-485 Optical interface for teleprotection switching IEEE C37.94 16 X E1 tributaries
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The data interfaces also support sub-rate and super-rate multiplexing from 50 b/s up to 2 Mb/s. This multiservice traffic is aggregated into a scalable number of 2 Mb/s uplinks. The product also supports a conference bridge for up to 100 participants in master-slave and full conference mode.
A L C AT E L - L U C E N T 1 5 1 1 M A X C R O S S - C O N N E C T F U N C T I O N

In its cross-connect function, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX supports E1 tributary interfaces. It performs cross-connections in a flexible way between PCM signals. It also serves as a medium capacity cross-connect system for up to 132 E1 ports, providing an ideal node element for public and private networks of any structure. The 1511 MAX also combines 2 Mb/s access, grooming, drop-and-insert, bypass, hubbing and cross-connect functions. The granularity can go as low as 64 kb/s.
MANAGEMENT

Several versatile management options exist to manage the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX, according the latest SNMP-, XML- and HTML-based technologies. Web-based Craft Terminal (WebCT). The WebCT is typically a PC with a standard web browser. The craft terminal is an application uploaded from the NE to the browser Alcatel-Lucent 1511 Element Manager (EM). The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM is a dedicated management software platform running on a server, capable of managing up to 2,000 Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX nodes. For small networks (maximum 300 nodes), the service can run on a standard PC. Integration is possible with HP OpenView Network Node Manager (NNM). This, of course, is useful if the customer already has an HP OpenView NNM in its network.
E L E C T R O M A G N E T I C C O M PAT I B I L I T Y A N D I M M U N I T Y ( E M C / E M I )

In accordance with ETSI standard EN 300386 class B, the enhanced Electromagnetic Compatibility and Immunity (EMC/ EMI) of the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX allows it to be placed in a non-telco-room (e.g., an office environment). It also complies with the strongest railway EMC/EMI standard EN 50121-4.
General Functional Description and Product Architecture

Figure 2 shows the functional block diagram of the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX. It is split into two main functional parts. CMX & CMXIO Central Multiplexer Cross-Connect Controller (CMX) board(s) and Central Multiplexer I/O (CMXIO) board. Tributaries Tributary boards are available in three types: NxE1 tributary boards (NE1), supporting 16 E1s for cross-connect and multiplexing applications. Analog voice tributary boards Foreign Exchange Subscriber Board: FXS, supporting 15 POTS ports towards subscribers Foreign Exchange Ofce Board: FXO, supporting 10 POTS ports towards a PSTN exchange or PABX E&M board: EM, supporting 15 analog 2/4 wire ports with or without E&M signaling

Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX | Release 1.0

Low- and high-speed data tributary boards: Data board: DAT, supporting 4 data ports with interface types V.24/V.28, V.35, V.36, X.21, EIA-485, and multiplexing them in a Nx64 kb/s structure, according to V.110 and I.460. This board also supports sub-rates for speeds below 64 kb/s Co-directional data interface at 64 kb/s G.703: COD supporting 5 ports Contra-directional data interface at 64 kb/s G.703: COND supporting 5 ports Optical teleprotection interface, according IEEE C37.94: TPIF supporting 4 ports The central part of the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is the CMX system controller, to which all types of tributary boards are connected via High Speed Point-To-Point (HSPTP) links. The CMX controls an on-board, fully non-blocking switch to cross-connect up to 132 E1 links. The CMX also distributes the power to the other boards, has a conference bridge function and a clock synchronization module. The CMXIO provides four E1 uplinks next to management, alarm and clock synchronization interfaces.
Figure 2. Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX Functional Block Diagram

NE1 NE1 Applique NE1 CLI NE1 Applique NE1 NE1

NE1

NE1 Applique NE1 E&M Power

EM

CMX-A

Alarms

POTS interface to subscriber FXS CLI POTS interface to exchange FXO

4 x E1

BITS

Management CMXIO Low and medium speed data DAT

64 kb/s G.703 Codir

COD

64 kb/s G.703 Contradir COND

CMX-B

Optical C37.94 TPIF

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The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX can operate in two modes: in a non-redundant mode with only one CMX board in a redundant mode with two CMX boards operating in an active-standby mode, delivering high availability and reliability
Physical View

The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is housed in a 19-inch sub-rack (see Figure 3). It contains: 2 CMX positions 1 CMXIO position 16 tributary slot positions. All tributaries take one position, with the exception of the NE1 which takes two positions
T H E A L C AT E L - L U C E N T 1 5 1 1 M A X S U B - R AC K

Figure 3. Alcatel-Lucent 1511 Sub-Rack

All printed board assemblies (PBA) are hot-pluggable and all have the same format (except NE1 and its applique). The front side has screws with a locking mechanism, and the boards have a cover plate for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) protection at the sub-rack level. The sub-rack is 7 HU high (1 HU = 44.45 mm) in a 19 in. mounting and has a depth of 240 mm. Figure 4 shows an overview of the boards slot positions in the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX sub-rack.

Figure 4. Slot Positions in the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX Sub-Rack


8x4HP 6HP 6HP 8HP 8x4HP

CMX_A

CMX_B

CMXIO

TRIB

TRIB

TRIB

TRIB

TRIB

TRIB

TRIB

TRIB

TRIB

TRIB

TRIB

TRIB

TRIB

TRIB

TRIB

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

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TRIB

7HU

Five types of boards can be identified in the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX sub-rack: CMX CMXIO Full Height Tributary Boards: all tributaries except the NE1 tributary Applique for NE1 Half Height Tributary Boards: NE1 tributary The sub-rack provides the following slot positions: Tributaries: slots 1 to 8, and 12 to 19 CMX slots 9 and 10 CMXIO slot 11
Common Subsystems
C E N T R A L M U LT I P L E X E R C R O S S - C O N N E C T C O N T R O L L E R B O A R D : C M X

The central part of the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is the CMX board. It is the main controller board. Each tributary position is linked to the CMX with a direct high-speed link: the HSPTP (High-Speed TDM pt-to-pt). The CMX board provides four E1 uplink interfaces (without the need of a dedicated NxE1 tributary board). This interface is routed from the (optional redundant) CMX board(s) towards the CMXIO board where the physical connectors are provided. The four E1 interfaces can be used as a direct connection to a public/ private network, or as a drop-insert in a chain of stations. Technical data cross-connect function provided by a non-blocking matrix conference bridge clock synchronization power distribution through the system compact flash memory to store persistent data capacity = 32 K DS0s external interface: on the CMX board, there is an EIA/TIA-232 female connector for local Command Line Interface (CLI).
C E N T R A L M U LT I P L E X E R I / O B O A R D : C M X I O

The CMXIO board provides the external interfaces of the CMX boards. The CMXIO board is common to the optional redundant CMX boards. Technical data CMXIO provides following external interfaces: 4 E1 network uplinks. The E1 uplinks are provided in two interface types: RJ-45 connectors 120 Mini-coax connectors 75 2 Ethernet management interfaces. One of them can be used for daisy-chaining as the CMX contains a hub 1 temperature sensor input

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4 alarm outputs +4 alarm inputs. The CMXIO board provides a number of detectors for dry relay contacts used for collecting alarm indications of collocated equipment an/or environmental data. The capability to drive outputs is also foreseen. It allows the visualization of the alarm states on the same craft terminal or server as the one used for the multiplexer functions. 2 Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) input interfaces for clock synchronization (see section Clock Synchronization on page 15). 1 BITS output interface 2 lamp interfaces External power input containing EMC filtering Over-voltage surge suppression Over-current circuit breakers
Voice Equipment Subsystems
FOREIGN EXCHANGE SUBSCRIBER BOARD (FXS)

The Foreign eXchange Subscriber (FXS) tributary board provides the system with 15 physical FXS voice 2-wire interfaces for voice communication. An FXS interface behaves as a voice line interface of a PSTN exchange or a PABX: DTMF dialing and pulse dialing Detection of open or lowic loop between a/b wires (on-hook, off-hook) Detection of a or b wire to ground Sending of ringing current 12/16 kHz metering sending: for supplying the customer with in-band and on-line billing information. Hot-line connection between two dedicated users Battery reversal Calling Line Identification Presentation Line interface parameters are software configurable. The analog (frequency range 300Hz to 3400Hz) to digital audio encoding in the transmit direction (Tx) is done according to the G.712 A-law and converted into a 64 kb/s timeslot. The opposite conversion is performed in the receive direction (Rx). The FXS in an Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is always combined with an Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX with an FXO board, providing a mirror configuration to connect the POTS loops to the PABX or PSTN exchange. This is illustrated in Figure 5.
Figure 5. FXS-FXO Board Applications

1 15

2 Mb/s Transport 1511 MAX G.703

2 Mb/s

1 1511 MAX 10 PSTN or PABX Switch

G.703

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Technical data BORSHT functions (Battery, Over-voltage, Ringing, Supervision, Hybrid, Transmission) Audio coding G.712: A-law Two-wire operation Nominal impedance and balancing network: SW selectable from preprogrammed series Input level: -5 to 0 dB, adjustable in steps of 0.1 dB and programmable Output level: -12 to 3 dB adjustable in steps of 0.1 dB programmable Number of interfaces: 15
FOREIGN EXCHANGE OFFICE BOARD (FXO)

The Foreign Exchange Office (FXO) tributary board is the mirror board of the FXS board. It is equipped with 10 FXO voice 2-wire interfaces for voice communication. A FXO interface emulates the behavior of a telephone set connected to a voice line interface of the PSTN exchange. It supports: DTMF dialing and pulse dialing Sending of open or lowic loop between a/b wires Bringing the a or b wire to ground Detection of ringing current 12/16 kHz metering detection Battery reversal detection Calling Line Identification Presentation Most parameters are software-tunable. The analog (frequency range 300Hz to 3400Hz) to digital audio encoding in the transmit direction (Tx) is done according to the G.712 A-law and converted into a 64kb/s timeslot. The opposite conversion is performed in the receive direction (Rx). Technical data BORSHT functions Audio coding G.712: A-law Two-wire operation Nominal impedance and balancing network: software selectable from preprogrammed series Input and Output level: -15 to 12 dB, adjustable in steps of 0.1 dB and programmable Number of interfaces: 10
A N A L O G 2 / 4 W I R E + E & M T R I B U TA R Y: E M

The E&M (EM) tributary board supplies the system with 15 physical analog E&M 2-wire or 4-wire interfaces. Examples of E&M applications are analog leased lines, teleprotection, public announcements, and omnibus lines (see section Omnibus lines/party lines). E&M is a type of signaling used on analog telephone trunks. E&M connections use an E- and M-wire in addition to the wires that carry the voice. E-wire = analog receive (ground detector) M-wire = analog transmit (ground switch)

Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX | Release 1.0

Because the voice can use either 2 wires or 4 wires, the total numbers of wires used on an E&M circuit is either 4 or 6. The E-wire is also called the Ear lead and the M-wire is also called the Mouth lead. The analog (frequency range 300Hz to 3400Hz) to digital audio encoding in the transmit direction (Tx) is done according to the G.712 A-law and converted into a 64 kb/s timeslot. The opposite conversion is performed in the receive direction (Rx). Two- or 4-wire mode is software selectable. E&M signaling is applicable with the following actions: Forwarding of the speech payload Translate the E-wire status via the A-bit on the outgoing CAS signaling Switch the M-wire to ground depending on the status of the A-bit of the incoming CAS signaling Technical data Frequency span: 300Hz to 3400Hz Audio coding G.712: A-law 15 (standard) 2/4-wire voice ports Software configurable 2/4-wire communication channel Line impedance of parameters supported in the system: 600 Coding: digitizes the voice signals, coming from the analog exchange, towards the 2 Mb/s side and converts the digital signals, coming from the 2 Mb side, towards the analog exchange Hybrid combines incoming as well as outgoing voice signals (for 2wire operation only) Over-voltage protection: protection against high voltage transients such as lightning strokes One Elead earth or battery detector per channel (software configurable per channel) One Mlead earth switch per channel (open/closed control modes software configurable per channel) Mlead earth switches are opened on trunk failure detection by the CAS scanner (software configurable per channel) Local loop: Loops 2b and 3c can be set under software control
Data Equipment Subsystems
C O - D I R E C T I O N A L D ATA I N T E R FA C E AT 6 4 K B / S G . 7 0 3 T R I B U TA R Y: C O D

The COD board supports five 64 kb/s G.703 co-directional ports. In a co-directional interface, data and signaling go in the same direction. The circuits convert the signaling and data received from the 2 Mb/s side into a continuous 64 kb/s data stream with signaling (to ground switches). Technical data Transmission mode: co-directional (ITU-T Rec. G.703 4.1.1.1) Bit rate: 64 kb/s +/- 50 ppm Transmission code, pulse mask, levels and impedance: ITU-T Rec. G.703 Five ports per board

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Alarm detection: Loss of incoming signal Frequency shift of received signal Loss of incoming code violations These alarms can be read under software control. Local loop: Loops 2b and 3c can be set under software control.
C O N T R A - D I R E C T I O N A L D ATA I N T E R FA C E AT 6 4 K B / S G . 7 0 3 T R I B U TA R Y: C O N D

The COND board supports five 64 kb/s G.703 contra-directional ports. In a contra-directional interface, data and signaling go in a different direction. The circuits convert the signaling and data received from the 2 Mb/s side into a continuous 64 kb/s data stream with signaling (to ground switches). Technical data Transmission mode: contra-directional (ITU-T Rec. G.703 4.1.1.3) Bit rate: 64 kb/s +/- 50 ppm Transmission code, pulse mask, levels and impedance: ITU-T G.703 Five ports per board Alarm detection: Loss of incoming signal Frequency shift of received signal Loss of incoming code violations These alarms can be read under software control. Local loop: Loops 2b and 3c can be set under software control.
D ATA I N T E R FA C E T R I B U TA R Y: D AT

The DAT board supports 4 serial interfaces, synchronous or asynchronous. The electrical interfaces supported are V.28/V.35/V.36/X.21 and EIA-485. Depending on the interface speed, sub-rate multiplexing or super-rate multiplexing is performed on the HSPTP link to the CMX. Each port can be software configured for the type of data interface. For speeds less than 64 kb/s, sub-rate multiplexing is performed in Nx8 kb/s sub-rate slots of a 64 kb/s channel according ITU-T V.110 and I.460 recommendations (see Table 1).

Table 1. Sub-Rate Multiplexing


BIT RATE NUMBER OF BITS

Bit Rate <= 4800 b/s 4800 b/s <= Bit Rate <= 9600 b/s 9600 b/s <= Bit Rate <= 19200 b/s 19200 b/s <= Bit Rate

1 2 4 8

For speeds higher than 64 kb/s, super-rate multiplexing is performed in Nx64 kb/s channels.

Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX | Release 1.0

Technical data Equipped with 4 data ports Connector: EIA-530 with adaptor cables for all interfaces described below. User data rates (EIA-232/V.28, V.35, EIA-422, EIA-423/V.36 interfaces): asynchronous mode (V.110 table 8): 50, 75, 110, 150, 200, 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 3600, 4800, 7200, 9600, 12000, 14400, 19200, 24000, 28800 and 38400 b/s synchronous mode: - network clock dependent : 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 7200, 9600, 12000, 14400, 19200, 24000, 28800, 38400, 48k, 56k and Nx64k b/s (N=1 up to 31) - network clock independent (V.110 chapter 8): 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600 and 19200 b/s User data rates (X.21 interface): synchronous mode (X.30), network clock dependent : 600, 2400, 4800, 9600, 48k, Nx64k b/s (N=1 up to 31) Data rate adaptation is according to ITU-T V.110 for V-type interfaces Data rate adaptation for asynchronous data via method of over-sampling Data rate adaptation is according to ITU-T X.30 for X.21 interfaces Sub-rate multiplexing is according to ITU-T I.460 Data interface: electrical: EIA-232/V.28, V.35, EIA-422/V.36 (V.11), EIA-423/V.36 (V.10), X.21 (X), X.21 (B) functional: - V.28, V.35, V.36 interfaces: DCE, DCEi, DTE - X.21 interface: DCE Note : DCEi is an intermediate DCE when providing a tandem of DCE-s (V.54 7) Test and maintenance facilities Loop settings (loops 2b and 3c) Alarm detection Remote loop handling: according to ITUT Rec. V.54 EIA-485 Data rate: 9600, 19200 and 38400 b/s Software selectable Half-Duplex versus Full-Duplex Asynchronous transmission mode Data rate adaptation is according to ITU-T V.110 Data rate adaptation for asynchronous data via method of over-sampling Sub-rate multiplexing is according to ITU-T I.460
T E L E P R O T E C T I O N I N T E R FA C E T R I B U TA R Y: T P I F

The purpose of the TPIF is to connect third-party teleprotection equipment through a multiplexer onto power utility switching equipment (relays). The safest and most-reliable protection communications schemes in the industry dedicate optical fibers to intra-substation communications links between protection (digital relays) and telecommunications (multiplexers) devices. A TPS remotely controls/monitors distant relays, which switch high-voltages with high reliability. The optical interface for teleprotection supported is IEEE C37.94. The TPIF supports four of these interfaces. In Figure 6, a network overview with TPS application is shown.

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Technical data The TPIF provides four Nx64 kb/s (N12) interface with 125 s frames, according to IEEE C37.94. Clock timing: frequency is 2.048 Mb/s 100 ppm output jitter is within 50 ns (0.1 UI) receiver tolerates a jitter of 100 ns operates with a maximum wander of 250 ns (0.5 UI) peak-to-peak Optical interface: Connector: ST Multimode fiber Distance 2 km The mean optical power into 50 m fiber is >-23.0 dBm and <-11.0 dBm The mean optical power into 62.5 m fiber is >-19.0 dBm and <-11.0 dBm The center emission wavelength is 83040 nm
Figure 6. TPS Network Overview
IEEE C37.94 Relays TPS 1511 MAX IEEE C37.94

E1

TDM Transport

E1 1511 MAX

TPS Control

Tributaries for Cross-Connect and Multiplexer Application


N x E 1 T R I B U TA R Y: N E 1

The NxE1 board provides 16 full or fractional E1 channels. Two boards form a redundant pair. One NE1 board is active, the other is standby. As such, the implemented Equipment Protection Switching (EPS) provides internal path protection as soon as the active board fails. A couple of E1 boards are combined with an applique board. This applique offers 16 E1 physical connections. In the multiplex application of the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX, the NE1 provides multiple channel banks for 30 x 64 kb/s channels. In the cross-connect application, the NE1 is a tributary of a cross-connect with maximum capacity of 132 E1s. (For more details, see the section Cross-Connect). Technical Data Link Mode Structured or unstructured 31 Timeslots Input Grounding Grounded Not grounded Grounded via 22nF
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CRC4 can be enabled or disabled Applique consists of two variants: An RJ-45 applique 120 , twisted pair A mini-coax applique 75
Cross-Connect Function

Table 2 gives the specifications of the cross-connect function in the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX.
Table 2. Cross-Connect Features
FEATURE VALUE

Size switching matrix in 64 kb/s timeslots Max. number of E1s(1)

32,768 X 32,768 132(2)

Notes: (1) The maximum bi-directional traffic rate that can be switched from all traffic sources to all egress ports. (2) 128 E1s of tributary boards + 4 E1s of CMXIO.

Connection Types The cross-connect function provides both uni-directional and bi-directional non-blocking cross-connections on an Nx64 kb/s trail between two different aggregate E1s or tributary signals. For uni-directional connections, the voice or data signal travels in only one direction. Traffic Types The cross-connect function supports aggregate E1 signals with the following structure: E1 signal with CAS signaling (where N=1 to 30) E1 signal without CAS signaling (where N=1 to 31) The aggregate E1s could come from or go to: The E1 ports on the CMXIO board The E1 ports on the NE1 board The tributary signals have as source or destination the voice and data tributary boards. The timeslots of the Nx64 kb/s trail in an aggregate E1 signal or tributary signal do not need to be consecutive.
Multiplex Function

The multiplex function combines a number of voice or data channels in one aggregate E1 and has the following properties: Up to 30 voice channels, if the standard PCM multiplexing is used. Timeslot 16 is used for CAS signaling. In case of data channels: up to 30 channels (structured) 31 channels (unstructured) Combinations of the above possibilities.

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Redundancy

A paramount feature for our customers is delivering a product with an availability > 99.999%, which makes redundant network systems essential. This section discusses how the AlcatelLucent 1511 MAX achieves this goal.
POWER REDUNDANCY

The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is fed from a redundant DC source (-48V or -60V A+B). This is supplied to the redundant CMX boards, which in turn distribute the power to the tributary boards realizing redundant feeding for each tributary board. So, power feeding redundancy works together with the optional redundancy of the CMX board. Power availability is monitored on each tributary board, as well as on the CMX. The CMX also monitors the power level.
M AT R I X R E D U N D A N C Y

Cross-connect matrix redundancy is achieved by 1+1 non-reverting redundant CMX boards in active/standby mode. Each tributary has an Equipment Protection Switch (EPS) towards the internal HSPTP. The EPS does the switchover from the path from the failing CMX to the standby CMX. Each tributary board has an independent HSPTP to each of the CMX boards.
N E 1 T R I B U TA RY R E D U N D A N C Y

Tributary redundancy is applicable for NE1 tributary boards and is achieved by the 1+1 nonreverting redundant NE1 boards in active/standby mode. One can configure 2 different NE1 boards placed in any pair of adjacent slots in the NE as a redundant pair. The EPS does the switchover, if needed. Note: All other functions of the CMX board such as signaling, clock, synchronization and conference bridging are also protected by implementing redundant CMX boards.
TRAIL PROTECTION

The trail protection uses the internal redundant routing feature and enables route protection on the trail level. If used, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX transmits data via two different trails: at the receive side data coming from the healthy trail or, if this route fails, data is taken from the other side. This internal redundant routing is implemented in each type of tributary. The redundant routing of a 64 kb/s timeslot is illustrated in Figure 7, where the NE1 tributary board duplicates the active circuits and provides protection switching.
Figure 7. Internal Redundant Routing
Applique HSPTP NE1 A HSPTP RJ45 or Minicoax HSPTP NE1 B HSPTP CMX B CMX A

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Signaling

In each tributary board and on the CMX board, a signaling module is responsible for the proper handling of communication control signals between two or more users (e.g., the setting up and tearing down of a connection). The users can be local or remote depending on the location in the network. It is also possible that a number of users are communicating in conference. To support this conferencing, the CMX provides a specific signaling module. The signaling module is also responsible for the interaction between a voice user and an exchange. For every user (voice interface, data interface, conference network), a signaling module is provided (see Figure 8). This module is responsible for the translation of events coming from the user into CAS signaling bits, and from CAS signaling bits into an event towards the user. Two examples of user events are on-off hook and ringing.
Figure 8. Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX Signaling
E1 Interface

E1

E1 Termination

Framer De-framer

User Data Signaling Module

CAS Signaling TFC

User Data + Cas Signaling

Voice Interface User Data Subscriber Line User Termination Signaling Module User Data + Cas Signaling Cross-Connect Signaling Module User Data + Cas Signaling User Data + Cas Signaling Audio Conferencing User Data Signaling Module User Data + Cas Signaling User Data + Cas Signaling

User Events

Data Interface User Data User Termination

User Events

Conference Network User Data

User Data

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Clock and Synchronization

Stringent clock requirements are critical to the proper functioning of a carrier-grade TDM network. The variation of a clocks rate over time is conventionally divided into two components: jitter and wander. The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is in compliance with the ITU-T G.823 recommendation, defining the permissible output jitter and wander for two levels: the lower being the traffic interface (for transmission purposes on the tributary boards and the E1s on the CMXIO board) and the more stable being the synchronization interface (used by the BITS output interface of the CMXIO board). TDM networks rely on hierarchical distribution of timing. At the top of the hierarchy is an accurate Primary Reference Clock (PRC). Next comes the SDH Equipment Clocks (SEC). At the bottom of the pyramid are Synchronization Supply Units (SSUs). The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is situated at the SSU level, which is defined in ITU-T G.812. The source of the clock synchronization could come from a PRC, a SEC or another SSU. The internal system clock of the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX has an accuracy of 50 ppm. The oscillator of this system clock should be synchronized to an external source. The synchronization function is centralized on the CMX boards. The three available options for synchronizing the internal system clock are: External: Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) on one of the two external BITS 2 MHz G.703 clock input signals located at the CMXIO board. This would be the case, if the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is co-located at the CO. At a remote location, the BITS signal could also be generated by a Global Positioning System (GPS) clock. Extracted: Network clock extraction of the synchronization signal from one of the E1 ports of a NE1 tributary board or E1s of the CMX (e.g., if the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is deployed at a remote location). Internal: Local XO clock use of the internal oscillator of the system. The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX has a programmable priority scheme that selects the best available clock according to a priority scheme programmed by the operator and the perceived quality (presence and stability) of the references. In the absence of any external synchronization source clock, the system goes into holdover mode, using its own free-running local XO clock as a time reference. The clock signal is distributed to each individual tributary board. The CMX-boards also provide a clock output for synchronization of external equipment at the BITS-O 2 MHz G.703 interface of the CMXIO board.

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Conference Bridge

The conference bridge function is provided on the CMX board. Its main function is to provide voice and signaling conference features. The number of participants can vary from 3 to 100. Participants can be added and/or removed dynamically. Up to 20 conferences can take place simultaneously. There are two types of conferences (see Figure 9):
Figure 9. Possible Conferences in the Conference Bridge

Master-slave: Broadcast

Slave

Master-slave: Collect

Slave

Master

1511 MAX

Slave Full Conference Any-to-Any Member Member Slave

Master

1511 MAX

Slave

Slave

Member

1511 MAX

Member

Member

Master-slave One participant is considered as master and all other participants are slaves. The master broadcasts its information to all the slaves, and receives the combined information from all the slaves. The slaves only hear the master. The slaves cannot communicate with each other. In masterslave conference, two sub-phases can be distinguished: broadcast from master to slaves and collect from slaves to master. Full conference All involved participants are equivalent. All members can communicate with each other. Every participant gets the combined information from all others, but himself or herself. These 2 conference types are used for three types of resources: Voice conference This type is used for speech applications. Each channel is transformed to linear form, added to the others, if applicable, and transformed back to PCM form. G.712 A-law coding is supported. Overflow of the add process is monitored, attenuating the relevant channel if required. Signaling conference The signaling conference is part of a voice conference. The CAS signaling of each member is terminated in the conference signaling engine, which generates the CAS signaling to the destinations. This kind of application can serve, for example, to activate a bell or other indicator at each participants location by means of external equipment. The first one to pick up the telephone alarms all others, and the indication remains on until the last one hangs up.

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Data conference The data conference is used for both 64 kb/s and Nx64 kb/s applications. Data conference is only supported in the master-slave mode. It can be used, for example, to connect one master computer with a series of other computers, where the master sends to all slaves; however, only the one addressed is allowed to answer. Another example, illustrated in Figure 10, is a pointto-multipoint data conference. In this configuration, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX conference bridge, which functions in the master node, is combined with the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX cross-connect function in another node.
Figure 10. Point-to multipoint data conference

E1 (n x 64 kb/s) 1 2 1 2 E1 (n x 64 kb/s) 1 2 1 2 E1 (n x 64 kb/s) 1511 MAX as Cross-Connect 1 2 1 2 1511 MAX 1511 MAX 1511 MAX

n x 64 kb/s Slave n x 64 kb/s Slave n x 64 kb/s Slave

Conference Bridge E1 (M x n x 64 kb/s) 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1511 MAX Master n x 64 kb/s

Omnibus Lines or Party-lines

The omnibus line system allows intelligent telephone sets to make selective calls among a predefined number of them, without the intervention of a Public Switch or PABX. The telephone sets can be located along a utility network. Two categories of omnibus lines exist: a dispatcher system and a full conference system. Dispatching system: one master of the group. The master can call any individual slave telephone set or can call a group out of the omnibus line. The slaves can only call the master. In the same way, during the conversation, the master can talk to every slave and can listen to all the slaves; the slave can listen only to the master. Full conference system: all parties are at the same level. Every party can call an individual other party or a selected group out of the omnibus line. All parties can listen to all parties. The dedicated telephone sets are connected to 4 wire E&M ports of Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAXs. The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX does the AD/DA conversion, maps the voice signals on a 64 kb/s timeslot. The E1s are transported from the different sites to one central site. In the central sites Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX, the 64 kb/s channels are cross connected to the conference bridge of the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX. By giving the right instruction to the conference bridge, it realizes the dispatching connection or the full conference connection. This application is illustrated in Figure 11.

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Figure 11. Omnibus Line Network Application Example


Station 1 Conference Operations Control Center Station 2 Conference Station n Conference

1511 MAX

1511 MAX

1511 MAX

1511 MAX

... Station 1 m lines Conference

Station k Conference

Dispatcher

1511 MAX Line Side Signaling Equipment

1511 MAX

Network Management

The network management of the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is illustrated in Figure 12. For the initialization of the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX, the setup of IP network parameters is done with the CLI (Command Line Interface) via an EIA/TIA-232 cable connected to the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX. After this initialization, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX can be managed via different management systems: Web-based Craft Terminal The WebCT is a web-based craft terminal for the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX. The craft terminal is typically a PC with a normal web browser. All management information is handled through web pages. The web server inside the 1511 MAX responds to HTTP-protocol based management requests to display or update data in the 1511 MAX. Alcatel-Lucent 1511 Element Manager (EM) The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM is a dedicated software platform running on a server. With the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM server, several operators can manage the NE simultaneously from a workstation (Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM client). The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM is a system targeted for a Network Operation Center enabling 24x7 management of the AlcatelLucent 1511 MAX resources. The main purpose of the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM is to provide advanced and centralized multi-NE management. The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM can manage up to 2,000 fully equipped 1511 MAXs. For smaller networks (less than 300 nodes), the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM can run on a PC. The communication protocols between the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM and the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX are SNMP, HTTP and FTP. The communication between the client and the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM server utilizes the HTTP protocol. The user interface is identical to the WebCT interface, though it has additional functionality to manage a network of Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAXs.

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Third-Party Management Tool Optionally, an SNMP-based, third-party management tool, or higher layer Operations Support Systems (OSS)/Business Support Systems (BSS), can manage the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX NEs, in combination with the WebCT, or in communication with the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM. The communication protocol between the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX or the AlcatelLucent 1511 EM and the third- party management tool is SNMPv2c or SNMPv3. The thirdparty management tool requires an Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX dedicated software plug-in. All three tools are connected to the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX over a data communication network via an E1 or Ethernet interface of an Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX.

Figure 12. Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX Different Management Options

HTML

EMS Client

1511 EM Server

SNMP

Higher Layer OSS/BSS

HTML IP WebCT Ethernet

SNMP

Third-Party Management Tool

G.703 1511 MAX Ethernet

TDM

G.703 1511 MAX

EIA-232

CLI

1511 MAX

Product Applications
The Alcatel-Lucent 15xx Business Access portfolio addresses the mission- and time-critical needs of wireline and wireless service providers as well as private network operators.
Private Networks

The broad applicability of the Alcatel-Lucent 15xx multiservice access portfolio makes it difficult to adequately cover its full range of applications. In private networks, it is used among others in: Transport railways, metros, highways, air traffic control Energy oil and gas (exploration, production, transport, distribution) or electrical power (generation, transmission, distribution) Defense and security Ministry of Defense (armed forces, military air traffic control), law enforcement agencies, homeland security/national safety services (police, fire brigades, civil protection, ambulances, etc.) Digital TV and radio broadcasting Government, etc.

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Listed below are a few examples of applications that address the needs of vertical market customers for high reliability and proven technology in their utility networks.
Transport Railway Utility

Railway, light rail, and metro operating companies rely on a carrier-grade digital transmission network for their operations. Mission-critical applications clock synchronization, controlling level crossings and line-side signaling, interlocking equipment, traction power teleprotection, operational telephony and radio, line-side signal post telephones, emergency call points, supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, CCTV surveillance, etc. (see Figure 13) are all critical to railway operations and safety, and require a highly reliable telecommunications network. As a primary business access multiplexer, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX, provides access for the applications described above via the different voice, low-speed and high-speed data tributary ports. These include the 64 kb/s co- and contra-directional G.703, Nx64 kb/s V.35 or X.21, fractional E1 G.703, low-speed rate adapter, alarm collection and many more. In a central site such as a railway operators control center, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX 1/0 cross-connect provides connections between the various applications along the railway line and the servers in the control center. The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX fulfills the strongest requirements of the Railway EMC/EMI specification EN50121-4.
Figure 13. Alcatel-Lucent 15xx Rail Transport Application
Station Control Center

Interlocking 1511 MAX Equipment

PSTN PBX 1511 EM Hotline SCADA Control Equipment

Passenger Information Display CCTV Public Address 1511 MAX ADM ADM Emergency Call Point

1511 MAX ADM

Internet

Station Line Side Signal Post Telephone Interlocking Equipment ADM 1511 MAX 1511 MAX 1511 MAX

GSM-R or TETRA

1511 MAX

1511 MAX

Line Side Signaling Equipment

1511 MAX PBX Administrative Center

Station

Station

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Energy Power Utility

Utility companies are uniquely positioned to leverage their established rights-of-way (ROW) to accommodate their enterprise network requirements. An example of a key application that addresses the requirements of a utility network is the digital transmission backbone application depicted in Figure 14. This type of application is common in utility networks where voice and data circuits from various locations are inserted and dropped along the route. The AlcatelLucent 15xx products support linear drop-and-insert ring mode, as well as point-to-point configurations. Figure 14 depicts a typical utility network where connectivity between a central site and numerous remote sites is required. Typical requirements include voice services, data terminal-to-server connections, telemetry monitoring, teleprotection switching and SCADA telecontrol.
Figure 14. Alcatel-Lucent 15xx Power Utility Application
Control Center

Power Generator

PSTN PBX Microwave Link 1511 MAX ADM 1511 EM SCADA Control Equipment

Meter

1511 MAX

Internet 1511 MAX ADM CCTV ADM

Distribution Management Center

ADM 1511 MAX

1511 MAX

1511 MAX

Teleprotection Equipment

1511 MAX

1511 MAX

Monitoring Equipment

1511 MAX PBX

Substation

Transformer Substation

Administrative Center

As an access multiplexer, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX, , provides access for the applications described above via the different voice, low-speed and high-speed data tributary interfaces. These include the 64 kb/s co- and contra-directional G.703, Nx64 kb/s V.35, V.35 or X.21, fractional E1 G.703, low-speed rate adapter, alarm collection, and many more. Again, in the power utility operations control center, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX grooms 64 kb/s TSs from any E1 (input) to any E1 (output). The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is equally able to broadcast a 64 kb/s TS of an incoming E1 to many TSs of outgoing E1s. The AlcatelLucent 1511 MAX is fully protected and has a non-blocking matrix, making it ideally suited for deployment in a centralized (common) location.

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Energy Oil and Gas Exploration and Production

Oil and gas exploration companies have network requirements similar to other vertical markets. They require reliable, robust networking solutions for their internal operational traffic. A variation on the railway or high-voltage power line application is often a good fit for these high-value customers to deliver mission-critical data to remote locations. Producers of oil and gas can deploy Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAXs to extend the reach of their network to remote locations along the pipelines and even on offshore drilling platforms, while providing absolute reliability. The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is used in combination with the Alcatel-Lucent Optical Multiservice Node (OMSN) together with the Alcatel-Lucent 9600 series SDH microwave radios that provide the wireless portion of the network. Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX applications, such as a SCADA distributed measurement and control (DMC) system in the control room are connected to the block valves or flow control remote terminal units (RTUs) along pipelines or on wellheads. The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX also interconnects emergency call points (hotlines), VHF/UHF radio repeaters, beaconing systems, etc. with the different tributaries for voice, low-speed and high-speed data, etc.
Figure 15. Alcatel-Lucent 15xx Oil and Gas Application

Offshore Oil Field

Upstream

Wellhead RTU

Pipeline or FPSO Downstream

Onshore Oil Field

Refinery

Tanker Terminal

Pipeline RTU black valves ...

Hotline SCADA DMC Main Office Control Room Emergency Call Point

Wellhead RTU (SCADA) > leakage sensors > flow control > ...

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Defense and Security

In the defense and security segment, customers such as ministries of defense (armed forces, military air traffic control), law enforcement agencies, homeland security/national safety services (police, fire brigades, civil protection, ambulances, etc.) all require a highly reliable and robust backbone and access network to support security- and safety-critical applications. Applications, such as VHF/UHF/TETRA/PTT radio, voice communications, data communications, data acquisition (radar, border control, sensors, etc.) run over such a reliable and secure multiservice but cost-effective network.
Figure 16. Alcatel-Lucent 15xx Defense Application

9600 USY

STM-1 9600 USY STM-1 9600 USY 1511 MAX Eth E1 Eth 1650 SMC 1511 MAX E1 E1 1511 MAX E1 E1 1511 MAX 1650 SMC Eth E1 1660 SM Eth Eth 1650 SMC Eth 9600 USY STM-1/4

1650 SMC E1

1511 MAX

SATCOM

Government Air Traffic Control Authority

Air traffic control authorities also require the highest level of reliability for mission-critical voice and radar data traffic. Figure 17 depicts a typical network used by air traffic control authorities to meet their stringent availability requirements, because safety is paramount. The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is used to convey radar data from the different air traffic control radar sites towards the central air traffic control tower. The same network is used to convey ground voice communication interfacing with ground-to-air radio communications equipment and TETRA emergency communications,

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and also perform data acquisition from meteorological stations. Inside the terminal building, flight information display panels, public address, closed-circuit television (CCTV) surveillance, etc. are also conveyed over the converged backbone network. The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is typically used for these air traffic control applications via its different tributary interfaces, such as: 64 kb/s co- and contra-directional G.703, Nx64 kb/s V.35, V.35 or X.21, fractional E1 G.703, low-speed rate adapter, alarm collection, and many more.
Figure 17. Alcatel-Lucent 15xx Airport and Air Traffic Control Application
Airport Information Center Remote Air Traffic Control Radars PSTN PBX 1511 MAX 1511 MAX Air Traffic Control Radar ADM ADM 1511 EM SCADA Control Equipment

Air Traffic Control Center 1511 MAX Law Enforcement

ADM 1511 MAX 1511 MAX

ADM 1511 MAX

1511 MAX

CCTV Ticketing Terminal Passenger Terminal Display Panels

1511 MAX

Monitoring Equipment

1511 MAX

Power Station

Air Traffic Control Radar

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Digital TV and Radio Broadcasting

Broadcasting operators are investing in the migration from analog to digital TV and radio broadcast systems. At the same time, they need to upgrade their transmission network to a highly reliable network. A broadcasting network typically consists of a contribution network (from mobile or regional production studios to a main production/play-out studio) and a distribution network (from the play-out studios to the digital TV (digital video broadcast terrestrial [DVB-T]) and radio (digital audio broadcasting [DAB]) broadcast transmitters. The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is used to flexibly drop and cross-connect channels to particular (regional) broadcast transmitters, and to control TV and radio coders/decoders (codecs).
Figure 18. Alcatel-Lucent 15xx Digital TV and Radio Broadcasting Application
Video Production Studio Mobile Contribution Station Real-Time Digital Video

File/Video Server Multiservice Network 3Play SP Cable MSOs Buying DVB or Video Content PBX Intranet Services

Broadcasting Station

1511 MAX Broadcasting Station Video Production Studio Audio, Video CODEC 1511 MAX

Audio, Video CODEC

Wave Link Fiber Link

Real-Time Digital Video

File/Video Server PBX Intranet Services

Fixed Service Provider

A few applications that address the needs of service providers for high reliability and proven technology in their wireline and wireless networks are described here: Private line/leased line Mobile aggregation and backbone networks

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Private Line/Leased Line

One of the main applications of the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is private line/leased- line services (shown in Figure 19), which allow the service provider to offer customers customer premises equipment (CPE) that is connected into the network to backhaul data from the remote site to the headquarters. Often, this is used for LAN-to-LAN or LAN-to-host connections where the remote site is accessing database information, headquarters-controlled applications, and the Internet. The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX business access multiplexer can be used in voice, data, or integrated voice and data networking, and may be deployed in point-to-point, point-to-network, and point-to-multipoint topologies. Figure 19 depicts a typical leased-line network requiring business site connectivity. Common requirements include dedicated voice services, data terminal-to-server connections, and remote LAN connectivity. Bandwidths among the various locations are leased from telecom carriers. These lines are connected to the local point of presence (PoP) within the enterprise network.
Figure 19. Alcatel-Lucent 15xx Leased Line Application

1511 MAX

Backbone 1511 MAX

SDH 1511 MAX

1511 MAX

Traffic Grooming Network

1511 MAX

1511 MAX

1511 MAX

1511 MAX

Subscriber Premises

NTU

NTU

1511 MAX

NTU

1511 MAX

Mobile Aggregation Networks

The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX offers the opportunity to take advantage of the aggregation network support requirements of mobile networks. Figure 20 illustrates how, in a 2G and/or 3G mobile network, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is used to consolidate and groom voice and data traffic from many base transceiver station (BTS) or radio network controller (RNC) sites onto an aggregate E1 for transport to the

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mobile switching center (MSC). The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX has a fully interconnected, non-blocking switching matrix that allows connection of incoming, underutilized BTS E1 lines to be switched to any time slots on the aggregate E1 going to the MSC. Equally, in railway environments, traffic from GSM-R (a railway variant of GSM for their operational needs) base stations can be groomed to aggregate E1s. In other vertical segments, such as public safety, airports, oil & gas, metros, harbors, etc. traffic from TETRA, push-totalk (PTT) or maritime mobile radio base stations is equally groomed.
Figure 20. Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX Aggregation in a 2G and/or3G Mobile Network
BSC/RNC Site MSC Site

BTS Site

Microwave Link E1s ADM

1511 MAX BSC/ RNC

1511 MAX

MSC

E1s NodeB Site

1511 MAX

1511 MAX

SS7 and TDM Network ADM BTS Site ADM NodeB Site

E1 1511 MAX

E1s

SCP

Product Features and Benefits


The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX addresses the requirements of vertical market customers and service providers both wireline and wireless. With the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX, service providers and vertical market customers benefit from network solutions that are: Manageable: easy to deploy, provision, manage and maintain Available: >99.999 percent reliability Profitable: cost-effective Table 3 details the features that the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX multiservice access multiplexer delivers and the benefits for customers that results from these features.

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Table 3. Features and Associated Benefits of the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX


FEATURES MULTIPLEXER BENEFITS

Voice and data convergence in a single product

Full support for analog voice and legacy data interfaces, including: Voice: PSTN-ports exchange side and subscriber side with DTMF and decadic register signaling 2-4 wire analog ports with E&M signaling Data: Co- and contra-directional data interface at 64 kb/s G. 703 NX64 kb/s G.703 Data interfaces V.24/V.28, V.35, V.36, X.21, EIA-485 Optical interface for Tele Protection Switching IEEE C37.94 Multiple sub-rate interfaces can be multiplexed into a single TS Data interfaces can support sub-rate and super-rate data at varying speeds from 50 b/s to 2 Mb/s Up to 132 E1 uplink interfaces Aggregates multiservice traffic, eliminating the need for multiple leased lines
FULL 1-0 CROSS-CONNECT

Cost savings through multiplexing

Cost-effective, scalable and flexible solution Availability > 99,999%

Up to 132 2 Mb/s ports It combines 2 Mb/s access, grooming, drop-and-insert, bypass, hubbing and cross-connect functions. The granularity goes down to 64 kb/s. End-to-end redundancy through complete cross-connect: Redundant NxE1 tributaries, Redundant CMX = redundant switch + redundant 4 E1 uplinks + redundant power on all boards

COMBINATION OF MULTIPLEXER AND CROSS-CONNECT

Provides an ideal integrated node element for public and private networks of any structure. Cost savings through integration of 2 products in 1 cost- and space- optimized equipment: eliminate CAPEX and OPEX of additional equipment Key element for network optimization

VERSATILE MANAGEMENT OPTIONS

Simplified and cost-effective operation GUIs of WebCT and Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM are in line.

These options exist to manage the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX according the latest SNMP-, XML- and HTML-based technologies: Web-based Craft Terminal (WebCT). The WebCT is typically a PC with a standard web browser. Alcatel-Lucent 1511 Element Manager (EM). The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 EM is a dedicated management software platform running on a server, capable of managing several Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAXs. Under certain circumstances, the server can run on a standard PC. Integration is possible with HP OpenView Network Node Manager
AVAILABILITY > 99,999% THROUGH

System redundancy: CMX redundancy: - Switch redundancy - Control redundancy - Conference bridge redundancy - Multiplexer E1 uplink redundancy - Power redundancy NxE1 tributary (NE1) redundancy Non-blocking switch Path-redundancy (trail protection) Integrated master-slave and full conference bridge for both data and voice. This avoids the need for an additional dedicated dispatching or conferencing system

Very high reliability, which is paramount for the business of our customers.

Consolidate equipment >>>

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FEATURES (continued) MOBILE OPERATORS

BENEFITS

The Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX grooms the traffic and fills the fractional E1 links, so that costs are saved on (leased) trunks between BSCs and the MSC, as well as between the MSC and the home location register (HLR).

OPEX reduction (minimize recurring backhauling bandwidth expenses) CAPEX reduction with integrated Multiplexer and Cross-connect. CAPEX and OPEX reduction

UTILITY OPERATORS

Sub-rate multiplexing function that is able to multiplex several low-bit rate data streams into one 64 kb/s channel, so that costs are saved on trunks in the backbone network. Reliability larger than 99,999% Very high Quality of Service (overall error ratio of the system per 2 Mb/s stream is less than 10 -10)
TELCO OPERATORS

Secures the mission-critical needs of the utility owners telecom network CAPEX and Total Cost of Ownership reduction

Thanks to its high reliability and the availability of the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX, together with a full range of local data and voice interfaces, the Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX is the ideal device to be used in Point of Presence sites.

Technical Data
Aggregate Interfaces on CMX and NE1
According to ITU-T G.703: Interface: G.703 (75/120 ) 2 Mb/s Bit rate: 2,048 kb/s 50 ppm Signal code: HDB3 Impedance: 75 unbalanced or 120 balanced Pulse shape: Rectangular Peak voltage: 3 V/120 2.37 V/75 Input signal attenuation: 6 dB at 1,024 kb/s

Control Interfaces
A L A R M O U T P U T S ( D RY C O N TAC T R E L AYS )

Power Supply
Central office battery: -48 V DC and -60 V DC (-36 V DC to -72 V DC) Current protection: 0.5 A quick fuse

Maximum voltage rating: 110 V DC, 125 V AC Maximum current rating: 1 A Maximum switched power: 62.5 VA, 30W Current protection: 0.5 A medium speed fuse
ALARM INPUTS

Environmental Conditions
Safety: IEC/EN 60950-1 EMC/EMI: ETSI EN 300 386 Class B Railway: EN 50121-4 Emission: EN 61000-6-4 Immunity: EN 61000-6-2, EN 50121-4 Storage: ETS 300 019-1-1 Class 1.2, 25 C to 55 C Transportation: ETS 300 019-1-2 Class 2.3, 40 C to 70 C Operation: ETS 300 019-1-3 Class 3.2, 5 C to 45 C Protection: ITU-T K.20 Restriction of Hazardous Substances: 2002/95/EC

Tributary Interfaces
VO I C E I N T E R FAC E S

Nominal impedance: 600 but other impedance software selectable Signaling: CAS, E&M
D ATA I N T E R FAC E S

Alarm inputs are activated by connecting an external contact to ground, resulting in a sink current, activating an opto-coupler Input impedance: 15 k Activation current: 20 mA minimum Deactivation current: 2 mA minimum Allowable current 50 mA DC maximum
T E M P E R AT U R E S E N S O R I N T E R FAC E

Connects a SPI-compatible external temperature sensor


BITS IN

Nx64 kb/s G.703 Nx64 kb/s EIA-232/V.28, EIA-422/V.35 EIA-423/V.36, X.21 or EIA-485 Low-speed data V.28, V.35 or V.36: asynchronous 50 b/s to 38.4 kb/s synchronous 600 b/s to 64 kb/s Low-speed data X.21: synchronous 600 b/s to 64 kb/s EIA-485 9.6, 19.2 and 38.4 kb/s Optical IEEE C.37.94 Nx64 kb/s

2 external clock inputs 1.0/2.3 mini coax connector


BITS OUT

External clock output 1.0/2.3 mini coax connector


R AC K L A M P I N T E R FAC E S

Mechanical Dimensions 1511 MAX Sub-rack


Height: 310 mm (7 HU) Depth: 240 mm Width: 483 mm (19 in.)

2 relays Maximum voltage rating: 110 V DC, 125 V AC Maximum current rating: 1 A Maximum switched power: 62.5 VA, 30 W Current protection: 0.5 A medium speed fuse
E T H E R N E T M A N AG E M E N T I N T E R FAC E S

2 Ethernet interfaces: 10/100Base-T (IEEE 802.3) RJ-45

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Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX | Release 1.0

Abbreviations
BITS Building Integrated Timing Supply LOF MAX MSC MUX NE NE1 NTU O&M OCT OMSN OPEX OSS PABX PCM PDH PoP POTS PPM PRC QOS RNC ROW RTU Rx SCP SDH SEC SME SNMP SOHO SSU TCO TDM TETRA TMN TPIF TPS TS Tx UI XML XO Loss Of Frame alignment Media Access Cross-connect Mobile switching center MUltipleXer Network element NxE1 tributary board Network termination unit Operation and maintenance Office craft terminal Alcatel-Lucent Optical Multiservice Node Operating expenditures Operation Support System Private Automatic Branch Exchange Pulse Code Modulation Plesiochronous digital hierarchy Point of presence Plain old telephone service Parts Pro Million Primary Reference Clock Quality Of Service Radio network controller Rights Of Way Remote terminal unit Receive Service control point Synchronous Digital Hierarchy SDH Equipment Clock Small to medium-sized enterprise Simple Network Management Protocol Small office/home office Synchronous Supply Unit Total cost of ownership Time Division Multiplexing TErrestrial TRunk RAdio Telecommunications management network Teleprotection interface tributary board Teleprotection switch Time slot Transmit Unit Internal eXtensible Mark-up Language Cristal Oscillator BORSHT Battery, Over-voltage, Ringing, Signaling, Hybrid, Transmission BSC BSS BTS CAPEX CAS CCTV CLI CMX Base station controller Business Support System Base Transceiver Station Capital expenditures Channel associated signaling Closed-circuit television Command Line Interface Central Multiplexer X-connect Controller board Central office CO-Directional 64kb/s G.703 board CONtra-Directional 64kb/s G.703 board Customer Premises Equipment Cross-connect Customer premises equipment Digital Audio Broadcast DATa Tributary board Distribution Measurement and Control Dual-Tone Multi-Frequency Digital Video Broadcast Terrestrial Digital cross-connect Ear and Mouth (wires / signaling) Equipment craft terminal Electrical ground E&M tributary board Electro magnetic compatibility Electro Magnetic Immunity Equipment Protection Switch Errored Seconds Foreign eXchange Office (board) Foreign eXchange Subscriber (board) Global Positioning System Global system for mobile communications Graphical User Interface Home location register Horizontal Pitch HyperText Mark-up Language Height Unit Local Area Network

CMXIO CMX Input-Output board CO COD COND CPE CX CPE DAB DAT DMC DTMF DVB-T DXC E&M ECT EG EM EMC EMI EPS ES FXO FXS GPS GSM GUI HLR HP HTML HU LAN

CODEC COder DECoder

SCADA Supervisory control and data acquisition

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Alcatel-Lucent 1511 MAX | Release 1.0

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