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Exercise 10.2 (Solutions)


Textbook of Algebra and Trigonometry for Class XI
Available online @ http://www.mathcity.org, Version: 1.0.2

Question # 1 (i) L.H.S = sin(180 + ) = sin180 cos + cos180 sin = sin ( 0 ) cos + ( 1)sin = 0 sin = sin = R.H.S (ii) Do youself (iii) tan 270o tan L.H.S = tan ( 270 ) = 1 + tan 270o tan tan tan tan 270o 1 1 o tan 270 = = 1 1 o tan 270 + tan + tan o tan 270 (1 0 ) = 1 = cot = R.H.S = ( 0 + tan ) tan
o

Remaining do yourself. Question # 2 (i) Since 15 = 45 30 So sin15o = sin(45 30) = sin 45o cos30o cos 45o sin30o 3 1 3 1 1 3 1 1 = = 2 2 = 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 (ii) Since 15 = 45 30 So cos15o = cos(45 30) = cos 45o cos30o + sin 45o sin 30o 3 1 3 +1 1 3 1 1 = + = + = 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 (iii) Since 15 = 45 30
o

tan 45o tan 30o So tan15 = tan(45 30) = 1 + tan 45o tan 30o 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 3 = 3 = 3 1 = = 1 1 3 +1 3 +1 1+ 1 + (1) 3 3 3 1 1 (iv) sec15o = Now do yourself = cos15o cos(45 30) (v), (vi) and (vii) Hint: Use 105 = 60 + 45 in these questions Question # 3 (i) L.H.S = sin(45 + ) 1 1 cos + sin ) = sin 45o cos + cos 45o sin = 2 2 1 1 = ( cos + sin ) = ( sin + cos ) = R.H.S 2 2

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(ii)

Do youself as above

Question # 4 (i) L.H.S = tan(45 + A) tan(45 A) tan 45o + tan A tan 45o tan A = o o 1 tan 45 tan A 1 + tan 45 tan A 1 + tan A 1 tan A 1 + tan A 1 tan A = = 1 = R.H.S = 1 (1) tan A 1 + (1) tan A 1 tan A 1 + tan A Question 4 (ii) 3 L.H.S = tan + tan + 4 4 3 tan 4 tan tan 4 + tan = + 3 1 + tan tan 1 tan tan 4 4 1 tan 1 + tan = + 1 + (1) tan 1 (1) tan

1 tan 1 + tan = + 1 + tan 1 + tan 1 tan 1 + tan 0 = = = 0 = R.H.S 1 + tan 1 + tan

Question # 4 (iii) L.H.S = sin + + cos + 6 3 = sin cos + cos sin + cos cos sin sin 6 6 3 3 3 1 1 3 = sin + cos + cos sin 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 3 = sin + cos + cos sin = cos = R.H.S 2 2 2 2 Question # 4 (iv) 2 L.H.S = cos + sin tan 2 sin 2 sin cos cos 2 = sin 2 cos + sin cos 2 sin cos tan

cos sin 2 2 cos 2 = cos cos + sin sin 2 2 cos 2 sin cos

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sin cos sin 2 2 2 = = cos cos + sin sin cos 2 2 2 sin 2 = tan = R.H.S = 2 cos 2 sin cos

( ) ( )

Question # 4 (v) 1 tan tan L.H.S = 1 + tan tan sin sin cos cos sin sin 1 cos cos cos cos = = sin sin cos cos + sin sin 1+ cos cos cos cos cos ( + ) cos cos sin sin = = R.H.S = cos ( ) cos cos + sin sin

Question # 5 L.H.S = cos( + ) cos( ) = ( cos cos sin sin )( cos cos + sin sin ) = ( cos cos ) ( sin sin )
2

= cos 2 (1 sin 2 ) (1 cos 2 ) sin 2

) = cos cos sin sin


2 2 2 2

= cos 2 cos 2 sin 2 sin 2 + cos 2 sin 2 = cos 2 sin 2 .. (i) = (1 sin 2 ) (1 cos 2 ) = 1 sin 2 1 + cos 2 = cos 2 sin 2 .. (ii)
Question # 6 Hint: Just open the formulas Question # 7 (i) L.H.S = cot( + ) = 1 1 = tan + tan tan( + ) 1 tan tan

1 tan tan 1 1 tan tan tan tan = = tan + tan 1 1 tan tan + tan tan cot cot 1 cot cot 1 = = = R.H.S cot + cot cot + cot Question # 7 (ii) Do yourself as above

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Question # 7 (iii)

sin sin sin cos + cos sin + tan + tan cos cos cos cos = L.H.S = = sin sin sin cos cos sin tan tan cos cos cos cos sin cos + cos sin sin( + ) = R.H.S = = sin cos cos sin sin( )

Question # 8 4 Since sin = ; 0 < < 5 2 40 cos = ; 0< < 41 2 Now cos 2 = 1 sin 2 cos = 1 sin 2 Since terminal ray of is in the first quadrant so value of cos is +ive

cos = 1 sin 2
4 cos = 1 5 Also
2

= 1

16 9 = 25 25

cos =

3 5

sin 2 = 1 cos2 sin = 1 cos 2 Since terminal ray of is in the first quadrant so value of sin is +ive
sin = 1 cos 2 1600 81 40 sin = 1 = 1 = 1681 1681 41 Now
2

sin =

9 41

sin( ) = sin cos cos sin 160 27 133 4 40 3 9 = = = 205 205 205 5 41 5 41 133 i.e. sin( ) = Proved 205 < < 2 < < 2

Question # 9 4 Since sin = ; 5 12 sin = ; 13

Since cos 2 = 1 sin 2 cos = 1 sin 2 As terminal ray of lies in the IInd quadrant so value of cos is ive

cos = 1 sin 2
16 9 4 cos = 1 = 1 = 25 25 5 Now
2

cos =

3 5

cos 2 = 1 sin 2

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cos = 1 sin 2 As terminal ray of lies in the IInd quadrant so value of cos is ive cos = 1 sin 2 144 25 5 12 cos = 1 = 1 = cos = 169 169 13 13 (i) sin( + ) = sin cos + cos sin 20 36 56 4 5 3 12 = + = = 65 65 65 5 13 5 13 (ii) cos( + ) = cos cos sin sin 33 3 5 4 12 15 48 = = = 65 5 13 5 13 65 65 56 sin( + ) 65 56 (iii) tan( + ) = = = 33 cos( + ) 33 65 (iv), (v) & (vi) Do yourself as above Since sin( + ) is ive so terminal are of + is in IIIrd or IVth quadrant and cos( + ) is ive so terminal are of + is in IInd or IIIrd quadrant therefore terminal ray of + lies in the IIIrd quadrant. Similarly after solving (iv), (v) & (vi) find quadrant for yourself. Question # 10 (i) 3 Since tan = 4 tan is +ive and terminal arm of in not in the Ist quad. Therefore it lies in IIIrd quad. Now sec 2 = 1 + tan 2 sec = 1 + tan 2 Since terminal arm of is in the IIIrd quad. therefore value of sec is ive
2

sec = 1 + tan 2
5 9 25 3 sec = 1 + = 1 + = sec x = 4 16 16 4 1 1 4 Now cos = cos = = sec 5 5 4 sin Now = tan sin = tan cos cos 3 3 4 sin = sin = 5 4 5 5 Since cos = 13 cos is +ive and terminal arm of is not in the Ist quad. Therefore it lies in IVth quad. Now sin 2 = 1 cos2 sin = 1 cos 2
2

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Since terminal ray of is in the fourth quadrant so value of sin is ive sin = 1 cos 2 25 144 5 sin = 1 = 1 = 169 169 13 Now sin( + ) = sin cos + cos sin 3 48 3 5 4 12 = + = + 13 65 5 13 5 13 And cos( + ) = cos cos sin sin 4 36 4 5 3 12 = = 13 65 5 13 5 13 Question # 10 (ii) Do yourself as above Question # 11 R.H.S = tan 37o = tan(45 8) Q 37 = 45 8 o o o tan 45 tan 8 1 tan 8 = = o o 1 + tan 45 tan 8 1 + (1) tan 8o sin 8o cos8o sin 8o 1 o o cos8o sin 8o cos8 cos8 = = = = L.H.S sin 8o cos8o + sin 8o cos8o + sin8o 1+ cos8o cos8o Question # 12 Since , and are angles of triangle therefore + + = 180 + = 180 + 180 = + = 90 2 2 2 2 2 Now tan + = tan 90 2 2 2 tan + tan 2 2 = cot Q tan 90 = cot 2 2 2 1 tan tan 2 2 1 1 tan tan + cot cot + 2 2 tan tan 2 2 2 2 = cot = cot 2 2 1 cot cot 1 tan tan 1 2 2 2 2 tan 2 tan 2 cot + cot = cot cot cot 1 2 2 2 2 2 cot + cot = cot cot cot cot 2 2 2 2 2 2 cot + cot + cot = cot cot cot 2 2 2 2 2 2 cos( + ) = 56 65 sin( + ) = 33 65
2

sin =

12 13

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Question # 13 Since , and are angles of triangle therefore + + = 180 + = 180 Now tan ( + ) = tan (180 ) tan + tan tan + tan = tan ( 2(90) ) = tan 1 tan tan 1 tan tan tan + tan = tan (1 tan tan ) tan + tan = tan + tan tan tan tan + tan + tan = tan tan tan Dividing through out by tan tan tan tan tan tan tan tan tan + + = tan tan tan tan tan tan tan tan tan tan tan tan cot cot + cot cot + cot cot = 1 cot cot + cot cot + cot cot = 1 Question # 14 (i) 12sin + 5cos Let 12 = r cos and 5 = r sin Squaring and adding (12) 2 + (5) 2 = r 2 cos 2 + r 2 sin 2 144 + 25 = r 2 ( cos 2 + sin 2 )

169 = r 2 (1)
Now

r = 169 = 13
12sin + 5cos = r cos sin + r sin cos = r ( cos sin + sin cos )

5 r sin = 12 r cos 5 = tan 12 5 = tan 1 12

= r sin ( + )
Question # 14 (ii) 3sin 4cos and 4 = r sin Let 3 = r cos Squaring and adding (3)2 + (4)2 = r 2 cos 2 + r 2 sin 2 9 + 16 = r 2 ( cos 2 + sin 2 )

where r = 13 and = tan 1

5 12

25 = r 2 (1)

r = 25 = 5
Now 3sin 4cos = r cos sin + r sin cos = r ( cos sin + sin cos )

4 r sin = 3 r cos 4 = tan 3 4 = tan 1 3

= r sin ( + )

4 where r = 5 and = tan 1 3

Made by: Atiq ur Rehman (mathcity@gmail.com) http://www.mathcity.org

FSc-I / 10.2 - 8

Question # 14 (iii) sin cos Let 1 = r cos and 1 = r sin Squaring and adding (1)2 + (1)2 = r 2 cos 2 + r 2 sin 2 1 + 1 = r 2 ( cos 2 + sin 2 )

2 = r 2 (1)

= tan 1 ( 1)

1 r sin = 1 r cos 1 = tan

r= 2
Now sin cos = r cos sin + r sin cos = r ( cos sin + sin cos )

= r sin ( + )

where r = 2 and = tan 1 ( 1)

Question # 14 (iv) 5sin 4cos Let 5 = r cos and 4 = r sin Squaring and adding (5)2 + (4)2 = r 2 cos 2 + r 2 sin 2 25 + 16 = r 2 ( cos 2 + sin 2 )

41 = r 2 (1)

r = 41
Now 5sin 4cos = r cos sin + r sin cos = r ( cos sin + sin cos )

4 r sin = 5 r cos 4 = tan 5 4 = tan 1 5

= r sin ( + )
Question # 14 (v) sin + cos and 1 = r sin Let 1 = r cos Squaring and adding (1)2 + (1)2 = r 2 cos 2 + r 2 sin 2 1 + 1 = r 2 ( cos 2 + sin 2 )

4 where r = 41 and = tan 1 5

2 = r 2 (1)

= tan 1 (1)

1 r sin = 1 r cos 1 = tan

r= 2
Now sin + cos = r cos sin + r sin cos = r ( cos sin + sin cos )

= r sin ( + )

where r = 2 and = tan 1 (1)

Question # 14 (vi) Do yourself as above J


Made by: Atiq ur Rehman (mathcity@gmail.com) http://www.mathcity.org