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Shri AK Antony as Defence Minister - A Look Back Introduction On 24 October 2006, taking the baton from Shri Pranab Mukherjee, Shri AK Antony assumed office as Indias 29th Defence Minister. Taking over when the UPA-1 was halfway through its term, Shri Antony has remained Defence Minister for over seven and a half years, making him Indias longest serving in the portfolio. Both in 2006 and then again 2009 when the UPA returned to power for a second term, Shri Antony highlighted his key priorities in the demanding post: ramping up Indias defence preparedness, modernising the armed forces, strengthening security measures and apparatus across the board, including coastal security, fast-tracking infrastructure development in the North East and border areas, improving the lives of service personnel, including their accommodation, ration, food and clothing. And last, but certainly not least, ensuring absolute transparency in the complex defence procurement process. Briefed in-depth over two months by South Block functionaries, Shri Antony immediately embarked on extensive tours to defence establishments stretching from the worlds highest battlefield Siachen in the Himalayas to Kochi in the south, from Tawang in Indias eastern most state to Minicoy island in the South west. He met with jawans in difficult terrains and encouraged them to speak openly on the difficulties and challenges they faced. Based on these briefings, interactions and meetings, he relentlessly pursued the process to modernise the Indian armed forces. Through a concerted effort, he also brought about far reaching changes to the lives of serving and retired veterans. An example of the detail to which Shri Antony delved to effect qualitative change in the lives of soldiers -- he breached the barriers in the allocation of eggs and fruits to jawans. The coming of age of four long standing projects -- the Arjun main battle tank for the Indian Army, the LCA Tejas fighter for the IAF, the arrival of the INS Vikramaditya aircraft carrier for the Indian Navy and major strides in Indias first indigenous nuclear powered submarine, Arihant, all took place under his stewardship.
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Shri Antony was steadfast in his effort to create a healthy environment for Indian industry -- both public and private -- in the research, development and manufacturing of defence products. Several of these products are on the threshold now of becoming major combat platforms in the Indian armed forces and potential exports too. During his ministership, the Indian armed forces have successfully stepped out of their home turf, confidently projecting power across the world by engaging friendly nations in complex military exercises, thereby also establishing India as a capable regional power and partner. The last seven years also witnessed the scaling of new heights by armed forces personnel in sports and adventure activities. Under Shri Antonys leadership, the Indian military conducted the 4th CISM Military World Games, an event which is only second to the Olympic Games in scale. Over 5,000 participants from nearly 100 countries took part in the event. The games were held at Hyderabad and Mumbai and were conducted in a professional manner with military precision, drawing worldwide appreciation. MODERNISATION, CAPACITY BUILDING AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT Shri Antony has presided over some of the most eventful years in the history of the Indian armed forces, adding potent muscle to their capabilities. The continuous modernisation process has seen landmark acquisitions, with plenty more are in the pipeline. Navy The Indian Navy acquired the maximum number of platforms and systems towards the blue water force ideal. Earlier this year, the Indian Navy inducted its second operational aircraft carrier, 44,500 ton INS Vikramaditya providing a resounding boost to maritime warfare and force projection capabilities. The Minister commissioned the carrier at a ceremony held at the Sevmash Shipyard in Severodvinsk, Russia on 16 November 2013. Having undergone extensive refurbishment and refit over the past few years, the Vikramaditya will be armed with Indo-Russian BrahMos supersonic cruise missile (a programme that, incidentally, has
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flourished under his ministership), the MiG-29K multirole carrier borne fighter, long range air surveillance radars, an advanced electronic warfare suite, Kamov-31 and indigenous ALH Dhruv helicopters. Given the span of Indias maritime interest extending across the Indian Ocean region (IOR), the air power afforded by INS Vikramaditya is already a substantial contributor to credible naval capability. The carrier has been berthed at the Karwar naval base on the Western Coast and awaits its formal induction into the Western Fleet, in the near future. In August, 2013, in a major boost to Indias nuclear deterrence programme, the miniaturized nuclear reactor onboard the Arihant ballistic missile submarine went critical. It was an affirmation of Indias confidence to step forward into an exclusive enclave in defence development. A few days later, Indias first Indigenous Aircraft Carrier IAC-1 (Vikrant) was launched at Cochin Shipyard Limited on August 12, 2013, a significant capability demonstration that has placed India in a group of only a handful of countries which can design and build aircraft carriers of around 40,000 tonnes. The Indian Navys air wing welcomed the arrival of the first Boeing P8I Long Range Maritime Reconnaissance and Anti-Submarine Warfare (LRMRASW) aircraft on May 15, 2013, aircraft that will be on the frontline of airborne watchkeeping over the navys areas of responsibility. In line with continuous force accretion, the Indian Navy, also the youngest of Indias armed forces, also inducted the first indigenously assembled Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer (AJT) at INS Dega, Vishakhapatnam on 06 November. The GSAT-7, a dedicated communication satellite for the Indian Navy, was launched on 30 August last year, providing an enormous, if initial, boost to the Navys network centric war-fighting capability based on an indigenous platform. The satellite recently proved itself in the vast and complex month-long TROPEX 2014 exercise, in which 60 ships and 75 aircraft all functioned with the satellite. Under Shri Antonys ministership, 28 Ships were inducted/acquired, including 03 Shivalik-class stealth frigates (Shivalik, Satpura & Sahyadri), 03 Teg-class stealth frigates (Teg, Trikhand & Tarkash), 02 tankers (Deepak & Shakti), 01 Landing Platform Dock- INS
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Jalashwa, 03 Landing Ship Tank Large (Shardul, Kesari & Airavat), 01 Sail Training Ship Sudarshini, 02 Naval Offshore Patrol Vessels (Saryu & Sunayna), 10 Fast Attack Craft Trinkat class, 01 Catamaran Hull Survey Ship Makar and 01 Nuclear submarine- Chakra. Besides, 45 ships are in the pipelines in various shipyards. In this period, 03 Boeing P-8Is, 06 AJT Hawks, 02 UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) Heron, 18 MiG-29Ks and 06 Sikorsky UH-3H helicopters (part of the Jalashwa fleet) were inducted into the Navy. Indian Air Force The IAF wasnt far behind in modernisation; the acquisition of C-130J Super Hercules and C-17 Globemaster III transport aircraft marked a new era of strategic military sales from the U.S. The IAF also took a quantum leap with the induction of the Phalcon AWACS -- eye-in-the-sky surveillance aircraft with collaborative technologies from Russia and Israel, in May, 2009. The IAF also acquired the first of many long awaited British Hawk trainers in February, 2008 and inducted the first of 75 Pilatus PC-7 MK II basic trainer aircraft from Switzerland in May last year. Russianmade Mi-17-V5 choppers were inducted in February 2012 and three Boeing Business Jets for VVIP travel in April 2009. A lions share of ground has been covered during these seven years for the acquisition of 126 MMRCA fighter jets -- one of the worlds largest and most complex military acquisitions to date. Keeping the future of warfare firmly in view, in 2007, India and Russia signed a landmark inter-governmental agreement to jointly develop and produce a Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft and a Multirole Transport Aircraft. The IAF has continued to modernize its infrastructure in a phased manner, with a marked focus on upgrading 6 Advanced Landing Grounds (ALG) in the Eastern Sector (Pasighat, Mechuka, Walong, Tuting, Ziro and Vijaynagar) as well as several helipads in Arunachal Pradesh. This comes after the activation of Western Sector ALGs like Daulat Beg Oldi, Fukche and Nyoma in Eastern Ladakh. New Air Field in Phalodi: Bridging identified gaps in air defence in the Western Sector, a new Indian Air Force (IAF) airfield, replete with modern infrastructure has become operational at Phalodi in Rajasthan. The airbase, located between Jaisalmer and Jodhpur, will straddle the distance between the two airbases. The base is ready to undertake all types of
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frontline IAF operations. In a capability demonstration by the IAF that was noted worldwide, a C-130J Super Hercules aircraft landed at Daulat Beg Oldie (DBO) airstrip located at 16614 feet (5065 meters) in the Aksai Chin area after taking off from its home base in Hindon, on 20 August 2013. The operation has established a crucial air link some of the most treacherous terrains where troops are deployed on Indian territory. New Air Force Station At Thanjavur: On 27 May 2013 Shri Antony dedicated the New Air Force Station at Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu to the nation, bolstering air defence capabilities in the peninsula and ramping up the Southern Air Commands overall capabilities. Su-30 MKI The Su-30 MKI air dominance fighter aircraft was formally inducted at Air Force Station Tezpur on 15 June 2009, at the Chhabua air force base in Assam on 01 March 2011 and again at Air Force Station Halwara on 05 September 2012. To intensify and consolidate air defence capabilities, the IAF inducted its first Medium Power Radar on 03 Jun 2011. This state of the art radar strengthens air defence in the Saurashtra-Kutchh region in Gujarat as a part of radar upgradation programme. Army Mountain Strike Corps In a move that breaks Indian strategic planning from tradition, Shri Antony obtained government sanction to raise the Armys first Mountain Strike Corps along the China border in the North East, reflecting the countrys widening strategic horizon.The Strike Corps will provide decisive and lighting-fast reaction and offensive capabilities. Expected to cost Rs. 65,000 crores, the proposed strike corps will have about 45,000 soldiers and will be headquartered at Panagarh in West Bengal. The corps will draw support strength from fighters aircraft operating from renovated bases in the North East. Su-30 MKIs have been deployed at bases in Tezpur and Chhabua. In addition, Jorhat, Bagdogra, Hashimara and Mohanbari bases are also being upgraded.
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After over 29 years, the Army has been able to raise two mountain infantry divisions -- one under the Rangapahar-based 3 Corps in Nagaland and the other, under the Tezpur- based 4 Corps in Assam under the Armys Eastern Command. Major acquisitions undertaken by the Army focused on building new capabilities and making up for legacy deficiencies. Modernisation of the crucial mechanized forces is underway to meet all requirements of the future battlefield. At the same time indigenous development of combat vehicle platforms for the future are also being progressed. The Corps of Army Air Defence has taken major steps in upgrading its gun and missile systems. The project for automation of Air Defence Command and Reporting system is also progressing. In addition modernization of logistics installations with state-of-the-art warehousing facilities, retrieval and accounting systems is also underway. Army has also enhanced its interactions with DRDO so that planned projects are completed. Electronic surveillance devices such as unmanned ground sensors, Battle Field Surveillance Radars, Infra Red Sensors, Hand held thermal imagers etc have been introduced to assist in counter terrorism operations. The Army has also developed Network Centric Warfare concept for a digitized battlefield of the future. The Army is adequately prepared to operate in the prevailing NBC environment in the region and these capabilities are regularly reviewed keeping in view the changing threat scenario, as required. Indian Coast Guard Since the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks, the government at large and Defence Ministry in particular have made persistent efforts to secure Indias vast coastline, stretching over 7,500 kilometres including our island territories. Shri Antony obtained approvals for the the setting up of 14 new Indian Coast Guard Stations, to augment the existing 28. The Indian Coast Guard commissioned a new generation Offshore Patrol Vessel, ICGS Vishwast, built in India by Goa Shipyard, and the Pollution Control Vessel, ICGS Samudra Prahari, built by the private sector ABG Shipyard in Surat during the last year. Altogether 79 vessels and boats were commissioned into the Indian Coast Guard during the period under review including two Advance
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Offshore Patrol Vessels (Sankalp and Samrat), three Offshore Patrol Vessels (Vishwast, Vijit and Vaibhav), two Pollution Control vessels (Samudra Prahari and Samudra Paheredar), four Fast Patrol Vessels (Savitribai Phule, Aadesh, Abheek and Abhinav), 10 Inshore Patrol Vessels (Rani Abbakka, Rajshree, Rajtarang, Rajkiran, Rajkamal, Rajratan, Rajdoot, Rani Avantibai, Rajveer and Rajdhwaj), eight Air Cushion Vehicle (Hovercraft), 21 Interceptor Boats and 20 Interceptor Craft. In this period 21 Coast Guard Stations were commissioned / activated including Port Blair, Kararatti, Gopalpur, Karwar, Gandhinagar, Minicoy, Mundra, Krishnapatnam, Mayabunder and Pipavav. ANTI- PIRACY AND COASTAL SECURITY MEASURES The Indian Navy, primarily responsible for securing the countrys maritime sovereignty, discharges its onerous role four ways military, diplomatic, constabulary and benign roles. The Navy is being increasingly called upon to address issues pertaining to safety, security and stability in the region. Enforcement of international laws, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief in the Indian Ocean Region lie at the forefront of the Navys international commitments. The complex maritime security environment in the IOR requires the IN to maintain a high level of operational preparedness at all times. Anti-piracy The Indian Navys commitment to keeping International Sea Lanes of Communications open by sustained deployment of a warships for antipiracy operations in Gulf of Aden has been relentless since Oct 2008. The navy has put in place comprehensive and bold Rules of Engagement to enable proactive and effective action against errant pirates. To date the Indian Navy has deployed 37 ships, escorted over 2500 merchant ships of all nationalities, thwarted over 40 piracy attempts, apprehended 120 pirates and rescued over 70 fishermen. It has also participated in all SHADE meetings since 2009 and coordinated anti piracy activities with neighbouring and IOR countries, drawing deep regional appreciation and empowering friendly nations. Coastal Security The 26/11 terrorist attacks pushed the Govt to take a number of tough security measures to close the gaps in Indias vast coastline and
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to strengthen coastal security apparatus in a planned manner by involving all stakeholders. Under Phase-I of the Coastal Surveillance Network Project, 36 radars were installed in a wide chain to establish a gap-free Coastal Surveillance Network (CSN. In the first Phase of the project, the coastal States/UTs were provided with 73 coastal police stations, 97 Check Posts, 58 Out Posts, 30 Barracks, 204 boats, 153 jeeps and 312 motorcycles. The completion of the phase-I of the project at a cost of Rs. 646 crores on the Indian mainland has taken place. India has already a chain of 38 Coastal Static Radars in place and 10 more in final stages of completionwhich are already intensifying capabilities to identify and monitor maritime traffic. In Phase-II of the CSN, being rolled out at a cost Rs 1580 crores, the country will get another 38 radars to cover the rest of the 7,500 Km long coastline. The Indian Coast Guard was tasked to implement the project, for which the government signed contracts with the state owned Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL) in Sept 2011 at a cost of Rs 602 crores considering the strategic nature of the turnkey project and with an aim to develop indigenous capabilities. Under this scheme, the coastal States/UTs inter alia are provided with 131 coastal police stations, 10 Marine Operation Police Centres (MOCPs), 60 jetties, 225 boats of various categories and a lump sum assistance of Rs. 15 lakhs per coastal police station to develop its infrastructure. Linking up the National Automatic Identification System Network (AIS) and Vessel Traffic System (VTS) off Gulf of Khambat with the Coastal Security Network would help the security forces in identifying a friend or foe in the Indian waters. Of late, there has been a worrisome trend: Private Armed Security Guards on board Commercial ships in international waters as well as territorial waters. The urgent need to regulate these floating armouries has assumed significance in the backdrop of two recent incidents close to the Indian Coast. A high level meeting on Coastal Security convened at Delhi by the MoD recently decided to take up the issue of Private Armed Security Guards with international fora such as International Maritime Organisation (IMO). ROADS, BRIDGES AND TUNNELS

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Building road infrastructure in Indias remotest frontiers has been one of Shri Antonys key result areas. The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) is currently executing road works on 444 various roads and maintaining 254 roads. Some of them are Srinagar-Baramula-Uri, Uri-Salamabad-Kaman Post, Srinagar-Kargil-Leh, Leh-Upshi, Nimu-Padam-Darcha, DharUdhampur, Rudraprayag-Gaurikund, RishikeshJoshimath-Mana, Rishikesh-Dharasu-Gangotri, Lakhimpur-Akajan, Hayaliang-Changlohgam, Paya-Digaru Road, Orang-Kalaktang- Shikaridanga-Rupa-Tenga, HunliAnini and Hnathial-Sangau-Saiha. In J&K, the government has earmarked 73 roads for construction in Ladakh region along the unresolved 4,056 km long Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China, of which 12 roads have been completed so far. The BRO is the lifeline to Indias strategically vital northeast, maintaining a road network of 11,672 kms in the remote region. The BRO has also undertaken construction of 75 roads with a total length of more than 6,000 km at a cost of Rs 5,000 crore. Besides this, 7,000 km of roads costing Rs 12,000 crore are under various stages of construction in the north-east. Basholi Bridge The foundation stone laying ceremony for Basholi Bridge was held on 23 May 2011. This 592 m cable stayed bridge will connect Gurdaspur district in Punjab to Doda and Kishtwar region in J&K. An example of modern technology, this will connect the backward areas. The present physical progress of the bridge is 55%. Rohtang Tunnel The foundation stone for the construction of the 8.8 km Rohtang Tunnel was laid on 28 Jun 2010. A total of 4086 mtr has been constructed. Zojila tunnel Cabinet Committee on economic affairs has approved the construction of 13.95 Km long tunnel. Land acquisition, environmental clearance and tendering action is in progress. Other Tunnels Feasibility studies for the preparation of a detailed project report for
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the construction of 18-km Razdhan tunnel in Jammu & Kashmir and 0.90 km long Rudraprayag Byepass Tunnel in Uttarakhand are in progress. JOINT EXERCISES In a resounding affirmation reflective of the professionalism of the Indian Armed Forces, countries across the globe have shown eagerness to participate in joint exercises. Army During the period under review, the Indian Army has held major joint exercises with the land forces of China, the United States, UK, Maldives, Russia and Singapore. In a landmark coming together on a simulated battlefield, the armies of India and China held their first ever joint exercise at Kunming in Yunan province of China in 2007. 80 soldiers each from India and China attended this five-day long joint anti-terror exercise. In 2008, a Chinese Army Contingent conducted a landmark joint military exercise with the Indian Army codenamed Exercise Hand-in-Hand, at Belgaum, Karnataka, the first on Indian soil. In 2013, the two sides held one more anti-terrorism exercise in Chinas Chengdu province. The Indian Army conducted the joint exercise YUDH ABHYAS-09 with the US Army at Babina near Jhansi in October 2009, towards coordinated peacekeeping and disaster relief operations. A Mechanised Infantry Battalion of Indian Army and 2nd Squadron of 14 CAV of 254 Stryker Brigade Combat Team comprising 325 US troops participated in this exercise. The Indian and Maldivian troops conducted EKUVERIN-09 exercise in Belgaum. The Russian and Indian Armies held a joint exercise named 'Indra-13' in October 2013. Held in the semi-desert conditions in Rajasthan's Mahajan Field Firing Range, the combat exercise witnessed the participation of an array of armoured and mechanised forces. Navy The list of countries with which the Indian Navy conducts bilateral exercises has grown significantly. From October 2006 to February 2014 altogether 47 exercises were conducted with foreign navies including 10 MALABAR exercises with USA, five Naseem-Al-Bahr exercises with UAE, six KONKAN exercises with UK, seven SIMBEX exercises with Singapore,
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six VARUNA exercises with France, three INDRA exercises with Russia, three SLINEX exercises with Sri Lanka, three IBSAMAR exercises with South Africa and Brazil and two JIMEX exercises with Japan. Air Force The major Indian Air Force joint air exercises during the period under reivew included the multinational Air Exercise, 'Ex - Red Flag 08' at the invitation of United States Air Force (USAF), held at Nellis Air Force Base in the US from 09-23 Aug 08; Exercise Cope India-09, a five-day joint air exercise between Indian Air Force (IAF) and United States Air Force (USAF) at Air Force Station, Agra - a major transport airbase and one of the largest airbase in Southeast Asia; Exercise eastern bridge 2009 with Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO) at Thumrait airbase in Oman, Exercise Eastern Bridge 2011 also with RAFO at Air Force Station, Jamnagar; Exercise Cope India 2009 with the United States Air Force at Agra Air Force Station; Exercise Sindex 2007 with Royal Singapore Air Force at Kalaikunda and Exercise Indradhanush-III 2010 with the Royal Air Force of UK at Kalaikunda. This was the first exercise with the Eurofighter (Typhoon) in India. In addition, Indian Air Force held two major Fire Power Demonstrations. These are: Exercise Vayushakti 2010: In a breathtaking display of rapid air power dominance in a representative battlefield area, Indian Air Force (IAF) aircraft blasted away targets by day, dusk and night in a fire power demonstration exercise, Vayu Shakti-2010, at Pokharan on February 28. The dusk and night phase display was the first ever by the IAF. Iron Fist 2013: It was conceived as a visible demonstration of not only the deterrent and joint war fighting capabilities of the IAF but also a reaffirmation of IAFs commitment to nation building through its more benign and non kinetic capabilities. February 22, 2013 witnessed the Indian Air Force demonstrate its operational capabilities by day, dusk and night at the sprawling facility of the Pokharan Range. FOREIGN VISITS To promote defence and military cooperation with foreign nations, Shri Antony visited the United States, Russia, Germany, China, Japan, Vietnam, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Myanmar, Maldives, Indonesia, Australia, Seychelles, Oman, Saudi Arabia and Kyrghyzstan.

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DRDO When Shri Antony took over as the Defence Minister, there were more brickbats than bouquets in the media for DRDO. He brought about structural changes and closely monitored progress in the organisation in across projects. The result has been dramatic: DRDO has delivered now on multiple fronts and enhanced self-reliance in Defence Systems. It is also designing, developing and producing world class weapon systems and equipment in accordance with the expressed needs and qualitative requirements specified by the three armed services. DRDO is working in various areas of military technology which include aeronautics, armaments, combat vehicles, electronics, instrumentation engineering systems, missiles, materials, naval systems, advanced computing, simulation and life sciences. DRDO, while striving to meet the Cutting edge weapons technology requirements, provides ample spinoff benefits to the society at large, thereby, contributing to nation building. Strategic Missile Systems: Agni 5 IRBM: India joined an exclusive club countries capable of designing, developing and launch an IRBM (Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile) with the maiden launch on 19th April 2012 of the highly advanced Agni 5, the latest in the series of nuclear capable strategic missiles. The landmark event gave India a quantum jump in the level of deterrence bringing targets located even more than 5000 km away within its reach fulfilling long cherished dream of former Prime Minister of India, late Smt Indira Gandhi. Its second successful launch on 15 September 2013, demonstrating robustness and reliability of its systems paved way for launch from a canister to provide higher mobility, improved storage and shelf life, even greater reliability and easier maintenance. Agni 5 will be ready for induction by 2015. Agni 4 the 4000 km range ballistic missile: Agni 4 got ready for induction having completed its development trials with its third successful flight on 20 January 2014. Agni 3 has been inducted to strengthen Indias strategic might and joined Agni 1, Agni 2, Prithvi II & Dhanush (the naval version of Prithvi capable of being launched from ships even under rough sea conditions) already in
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service and deployed. B05 the underwater launched ballistic missile system: The missile has been cleared for production after a series of successful trials proving reliability of the system. Designed to operate from the indigenous nuclear powered submarine Arihant, it completes the triad for nuclear deterrence and incorporates many novel, breakthrough technologies. Nirbhay cruise missile: The long range subsonic cruise missile, Nirbhay had its maiden flight on 12 March 2013 proving many critical technologies. Ballistic Missile Defence system: India joined the elite club of four other nations on 06 December 2007 when under the program AD, an endoatmospheric interceptor missile hit and destroyed a target missile simulating a hostile ballistic missile attacking with speed much greater than a typical bullet; that was the first step towards developing a two-layer Ballistic Missile Defence system. A series of further successful interceptions, mostly, with direct hit (the directional warhead is capable of destroying the target even in proximity), have demonstrated its reliability. Tactical Missile and Weapon Systems: Akash SAM Air Defence System: Productionisation and induction of Akash, the medium range air defence system with multi-target, multi directional capability is another shining achievement. The production value of Akash system presently cleared for induction is more than Rs 23,000 crores. BrahMos supersonic cruise missile: The only supersonic cruise missile in its class thats operational, with its high speed and precision of attack and practically no possible countermeasures was inducted in large numbers in Army and Navy. It has been designed to be launched from land, air, sea and sub-sea platforms. Its Block II version with target discrimination capability and Block III version with steep diving capability even at supersonic speeds have now been developed. The air launched version is soon expected to have its maiden launch from Su 30. Nag and Helina Anti-Tank Missiles: Nag, the third generation Antitank Guided Missile with Fire & Forget, Day & Night and Top Attack capabilities, is in final phase of user trials. Helina, its helicopter launched version having enhanced reached has been developed and is in advanced stage of trials. Astra Beyond Visual Range air to air missile: Indias first Beyond Visual
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Range air to air missile Astra designed to operate from Tejas and Su-30 MKI combat aircraft completed trials from ground based launchers and airworthiness tests on the Su-30. Astra is expected undertake maiden trials from a Su-30 jet soon. Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator: In another major technology breakthrough, a Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV) has been developed, currently undergoing extensive ground based tests. LRSAM: A long range surface to air missile LRSAM for Navy for protection of Naval vessels being jointly developed is an example of international cooperation, and is undergoing development trials. Its land version for the Indian Air Force (MRSAM) is also in an advanced stage of development. Pinaka Multi barrel rocket launcher system: Pinaka an area weapon capable of neutralizing nearly 1 sq km area upto more than 35 km away in a short time has entered the operational command of the Indian Army. Pinaka II rocket, with longer range is undergoing trials. Pinaka II have been designed to be fired from the same launcher as Pinaka I. Indigenous missile technologies: DRDO has indigenously developed a large number of state of the art subsystems and technologies in the face of stiff control regimes and technology denials. These technologies make our missiles, especially the strategic missiles unique and include carbon carbon composites for reentry heat shield that allow the warhead to remain safe while facing temperatures as high as 4000 degrees Celsius encountered during reentry, lightweight composite rocket motors, innovative conical rocket motor for third stage, actuators and control surfaces, advanced inertial navigation system, thrust vector control, on-board computers, system of chip (SOC), sensors based on fibre optics, MEMS and many more. Platforms: Arihant nuclear powered submarine: Arihant, Indias first indigenous nuclear powered submarine, an example of close cooperation between DRDO Indian Navy and industry came closer to achieving operational capability when its onboard nuclear reactor attained criticality on 10 August 2013. The submarine is currently undergoing extensive checks in preparation for its seaward trials in a few months from now. Tejas, the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft: Tejas, Indias first indigenously designed developed and led to production 4th Generation14 | Page

Plus, Light Weight, Multi-role, Supersonic Combat aircraft got clearance for induction in Air Force with the handing over of the "Release to Service Document" by the Shri Antony to the Chief of Air Staff on 20 December 2013. Tejas, has recorded over 2400 flawless take offs and landings, extensive weapon trials, extreme weather trials, high altitude and sea level trials proving its versatility. Its might was demonstrated during the Iron Fist, a fire power demonstration exercise of Indian Air Force in 2013. LCA Navy: LCA Navy, capable of operating from the short runway of aircraft carrier, had its maiden flight on 27 April 2012 and is undergoing trials for certification. Arjun -The Indian Main Battle tank: Two regiments of Main Battle Tank Arjun MkI designed developed and produced indigenously with Indian soldiers environment and terrain, were inducted in the Army. Arjun Mark-II, developed in a record time, with more than 70 improved features such as better mobility, fire power, increased protection, is in final stages of User Trials. Arjun Catapult Gun: Developed in a very short time the 130 mm (SP) Arjun Catapult Gun System combines the power and versatility of Arjun MBT with the time tested firepower and ruggedness of existing 130 mm gun, the system will considerably enhance fire power of Army. Unmanned Systems: Rustom II Medium Altitude Long Endurance UAV: A medium altitude long endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Rustom II, with endurance around 36 hrs and capable of flying upto around 35000 km has been developed and is undergoing taxi trials. Lakshya II Pilotless Target Aircraft (PTA): An advanced version of a range of mini and micro UAVs have been developed. Nishant: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Nishant developed for Army for surveillance applications was inducted and led to production. Paramilitary forces are also finding it useful for internal security application and CRPF has decided to Nishant induct in numbers. Daksh ROV: A roughed remotely operated vehicle Daksh capable of climbing stairs, fitted with a six axis robotic arm, field usable X-ray unit, video camera, and other systems for detecting and neutralizing IEDs has been developed and inducted by army. Autonomous
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multi-use Autonomous

Underwater Vehicle (AUV) has been developed as a technology demonstrator proving a wide range of technologies needed. The system as such is useful for surveillance, mapping of ocean floor as well as offensive tasks. Combat Engineering Systems Battle Support Platforms: A number of Battlefield support systems including Armoured Amphibious Dozer, Armoured Engineering Recce Vehicle and Tracked Armoured Ambulance have been developed and led to production. Bridging Systems: A new Modular Bridging System capable of yielding single span of up to 46 m and capable of bearing load up to 70 ton was developed and is undergoing user trials. Radars and Sensors: AEW&C (Advanced Early Warning & Control system): Indias indigenously developed Advanced Early Warning & Control system, a force multiplier presently undergoing flight evaluation, is likely to be handed over to the Air Force soon. Three EMB 145l procured were and integrated with indigenous radars and other equipment to realize the AEW&C. Radars: WLR, an advanced electronically scanned pulse Doppler weapon locating radar; 3D TCR, a 3 dimensional tactical control radar; Bharani, a Low Level Lightweight Radar and ASLESHA, a 3D Low Level Lightweight radar were developed inducted and led to production. Electronic Warfare systems: Electronic Warfare systems such as SAMYUKTA for Army; SANGRAHA for Navy and Varuna, for Navy have been developed and accepted by users. A series of secure communication systems based on Software Defined Radio, ranging from hand held sets to aircraft and ship based systems have been developed. The compact system is capable of operating on multiple frequency bands, avoiding need for multiple systems. Night Fighting Sensors: Multifunction Sight for surveillance and speedy engagement of targets, was accepted for induction. EON-51: EON-51, an electro-optical fire control system for Navy was inducted. Holographic Sight: An advanced Holographic Sight facilitating accurate
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aiming with both eyes open, developed for INSAS rifle has been accepted by Army. Naval Systems & sensors: VARUNASTRA, a heavy weight torpedo has been developed and is undergoing extensive sea trials. In the area of Naval sensors, very high degree of self-reliance has been achieved with design, development, and induction of sonars meeting needs of Indian Navy. Thus USHUS an Advanced Active-cum-Passive integrated sonar system and HUMSA NG, a new generation hull mounted sonar for ships; were integrated with their respective platforms. Materials: Armour Steel: Light armour for Mi-17 helicopter was developed and used. Steel for Ship building: Indigenous steel for building naval ships was developed with steel Authority of India Ltd (SAIL) and was certified. More than 30,000 tons of steel has been used including the one for construction of Indias first ever indigenous Aircraft Carrier. Titanium Sponge: Process for indigenous development of Titanium from ore got a boost with the setting up of Titanium sponge production facility at KMML based on process developed by DRDO. It is a boost for the countrys aeronautical, missile and space programs. Airborne Engines: Indigenous engine for UAVs was developed and flight tested. Life Sciences Systems DRDO lays great emphasis on the needs of the men behind the machines. High Altitude Pulmonary Oedema (HAPO) Bag: a portable, lifesaving, first aid kit, for treatment of high altitude pulmonary oedema encountered by soldiers deployed in high altitude areas has been developed, inducted by services and is saving precious human lives. Submarine Escape Suite: a submarine escape suite designed to allow the sailors to escape from a submarine stuck at depths upto 100 mtr have been designed and accepted by Navy. Lightweight Helicopter Oxygen System: a light weight helicopter oxygen system for taking care of oxygen requirements in helicopters need to fly in high altitude regions has been developed and accepted. Computerised Pilot Selection System (CPSS): A new computer based
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pilot selection system has been designed, developed and led to production for improve process of selection of aircraft pilots for Indian air force. The system is being used by the respective service selection centres. Defence Production Policy and Defence Procurement Procedure For the first time ever, the MoD announced a Defence Production Policy in 2011 with the following objectives: (i) to achieve substantive self-reliance in the design, development and production of equipment/weapon systems/platforms required for defence in as early a time frame as possible; (ii) to create conditions conducive for the private industry to take an active role in this endeavour; and (iii) to enhance the potential of SMEs in indigenization and to broaden the defence R&D base of the country. To achieve the above objectives, a number of policy initiatives have been taken by the Ministry: (a) In the revised Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) issued in 2013, Buy (Indian), Buy & Make (Indian) and Make categories have been made as preferred categories as against Buy (Global) or Buy & Make. (b) The procedure for Buy and Make (Indian) category introduced in 2009, has been further simplified in the revised DPP-2013 in order to make this a more preferred category. This Category mandates 50 per cent indigenous content. In addition, the simplification of Make Procedure is underway. (c) A clear definition of indigenous content has been provided in the new DPP which would not only bring more clarity on the indigenous content required for different categorization, but also enhance the indigenization of defence products in India. (d) Raksha Mantris Production Committee has been constituted for initiating policies for bridging technological gaps and augmenting indigenous defence production capabilities. (e) The industry friendly version of the long term technology requirement for armed forces has been published on Ministry of Defence website in the form of TPCR (Technology Perspective & Capability Roadmap). This gives an idea to the industry of the future needs of the Services so as to facilitate enhancement of domestic capability to meet the long term requirement of armed forces. A Standing Committee has been constituted in the Department of Defence Production to consider all applications received from Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) for grant of Industrial Licenses
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and FDI Proposals from the Department of Economic Affairs (DEA) respectively for the manufacture of arms and armaments and to communicate the recommendation of the Ministry of Defence to the respective Departments. Transparency But few things have had a greater and more enduring effect on defence culture in the country than transparency. All of the achievements recorded above dont match a culture that Shri Antony will be remembered in the corridors of South Block more than anything else. Behind his characteristic unassuming demeanour, there exists a value system which comes down heavily when irregularities are detected in defence deals. He has consistently demonstrated that he will not stand by any act of omission or commission that will bring the Armed Forces to disrepute or let it tarnish the ideals of officers, no matter how influential or mighty the accused might be. Six firms were debarred by the Ministry of Defence in March 2012 following a probe by the CBI. The MoD also terminated the 556.26 million euro AgustaWestland deal for purchase of 12 VVIP helicopters on grounds of breach of the Pre-contract Integrity Pact (PCIP) and the Agreement by AWIL. In 2012, Shri Antony ordered a CBI probe into allegations of bribery in supply of Tatra trucks for the Army. Welfare Armed Forces Tribunal: A long felt need in the Armed Forces was fulfilled with the constitution of the Armed Force Tribunal for the adjudication of complaints and disputes regarding service matters and appeals arising out of the verdicts of Courts Martial of members of the three Services, to provide for quicker justice. At present, the Principal Bench at Delhi and Regional Benches at Chennai, Jaipur, Lucknow, Chandigarh, Kolkata, Kochi, Guwahati and Mumbai are functional. The government on 20 February 2014 gave its nod for setting up of two more Armed Forces Tribunal (AFT) regional benches in Jabalpur and Srinagar. MAP:The Married Accommodation Project (MAP) was undertaken to provide convenient married accommodation to the Defence Services. The Project is being undertaken in four phases. 57,000 dwelling units have been completed under Phase I of the project and another 70,000 dwelling units are being constructed under Phase-II of the project. Phase-III and
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Phase-IV of the project have been combined and 71,014 dwelling units have been approved for construction. The project will meet substantially the requirement of providing married accommodation to the defence service personnel in different parts of the country including far flung areas. This will improve the living conditions of serving Armed Forces Personnel. Improvement in Rations: To achieve a basic satisfaction levels among troops so they can focus on their critical duties, Shri Antony took a number of initiatives to provide quality rations and introduce new products. These included Increase in scale of eggs and fresh fruits for Junior Commissioned Officers/Other Ranks, increase in quality and quantity of meat products. Moreover, special rations have been authorized to troops deployed above 12000ft. Earlier Special rations were authorized only to troops deployed at the Siachen Glacier. Troops deployed in Counter Insurgency Operations in 3 Corps who are beyond one day turnaround from the Composite Platoon have been authorized certain items of special rations. Students (Officers, JCOs and OR) attending Ghatak Course have now been authorized a special scale of rations to compensate for the physical stress during the course. Shri Antony also sanctioned procurement of branded atta from reputed vendors instead of the present procedure of grinding atta. Similar sanction has been granted for upgradation of quality of pulses and tea to enhance the quality of consumption. Other Measures
AV SINGH COMMITTEE REPORT II In a major step to improve career mobility, to fulfil aspirations and to achieve combat effectiveness by bringing down age profile of commanding officers, the Government upgraded 1896 posts in the services. Popularly known as Phase II of the Ajay Vikram Singh Committee Report, the proposals resulted in a reduction in stagnation. Shri Antony had taken personal interest in the implementation of the proposal and played a crucial role in evolving a consensus among the Services. RESTRUCTURING OF 117 POSTS IN AFMS In 2008, the Government approved the restructuring of 117 posts in selected ranks in the Army Medical Corps (AMC), Dental Medical Corps (ADC) and Army Medical Corps (Non-Technical) {AMC(NT)}. Out of total 117 posts, 100 upgraded in AMC. These include three at Lt Gen and equivalent rank, 15 of Major General and equivalent rank, 82 of Brigadier and equivalent rank. 20 | Page

INDIVIDUAL CONTRIBUTION TOWARDS ECHS In 2008, the Government scrapped the individuals contribution towards ExServicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS) being run for ex-servicemen, warwidows and soldiers disabled in action. To provide equitable treatment to all eligible exServicemen and their dependents under the ECHS and to enhance the schemes coverage, the Government also approved Establishment of 199 new polyclinics including 17 mobile medical facilities and 15 new regional centres. MONETARY GRANT TO GALLANTRY AWARD WINNERS In a significant step that brought cheer to the Gallantry Award winners of both pre and post Independence period, the Government approved substantial increase in the monetary allowance to personnel of the Armed Forces, who had won laurels in the line of duty. HIGH ALTITUDE ALLOWANCE/GRANT OF ONE ADDITIONAL RAIL WARRANT The government also granted enhanced rates of High Altitude (Uncongenial Climate) Allowance to troops deployed in more difficult, hazardous and isolated areas above 14,000 ft within the existing High Altitude (Uncongenial Climate) Areas at the rate of Rs. 5,600 per month for Officers and Rs. 3,734 per month for Other Ranks (Ors) with a view to rationalize the High Altitude Allowance. The enhanced allowance is 80% of Siachen allowance and is comparable to Siachen allowance in proportion to the physical hardships being faced by the Armed Force Personnel. Besides, the Government also provided grant of one additional free rail warrant every year to all ranks of Armed Forces serving in field/high altitude/counter insurgency/counter terrorism operational areas to travel to and from their duty station and Hometown/Selected Place of Residence. LTC/HTC Government also removed the restriction of 1450 kms on availing Leave Travel Concession and make all Service Personnel eligible to undertake leave journey to their choice station without any restriction on distance. RENTAL IN J&K In 2008, the Government approved a substantial hike in rentals for land hired or requisitioned by the Armed Forces in Jammu & Kashmir. The hike is in the range of 2.1 to 5 times for various categories of land. The revised rate structure came into effect retrospectively from 16 February 2008. The measures taken at the initiative of the Defence Minister Shri AK Antony, provided succour to the people of the State who got a realistic payment for their land. ARMY VACATED ALL GOVT BUILDINGS IN KASHMIR Keeping public convenience in mind, the government vacated all government buildings earlier occupied by troops. The buildings, which remained vacant, were occupied by troops in the past to thwart any attempts by militants to damage them. Now 21 | Page

the things have changed and process have been started to hand over the buildings to the Government for the use of public. CANTONMENT BOARDS ELECTIONS Consequent upon enactment of the Cantonments Act, 2006 and notification of the Cantonment Electoral Rules, 2007, elections to 58 out of 62 Cantonment Boards were held during June to September, 2008 and elections for the remaining 4 Cantonment Boards were held during 2009-10 due to various reasons including stay by Courts, insufficient nominations, close proximity to election for State Legislature etc. PERMANENT COMMISSION FOR WOMEN In a path breaking development, the Government has granted Permanent Commission, prospectively to Short Service Commission Officers, both men and women in branches and cadres of the three services, which do not entail direct combat or possibility of physical contact with enemy. The longstanding proposal received the approval of Defence Minister Shri AK Antony on 26 September 2008. The branches where permanent commission was granted include Judge Advocate General, Army Education Corps and its corresponding branches in Navy and Air Force, Accounts branch of the Air Force and Naval Constructor of the Navy.

Ex-Servicemens Welfare Pension Schemes One Rank One Pension (OROP) Likely to be one the shining achievements of Shri Antonys tenure as Defence Minister, and one that he has personally worked for despite several questions in the political space, the government has accepted the One rank-one pension (OROP) scheme in principle and has decided to implement it from 01 Apr 2014. Under it, uniform pension will be paid to the Armed Forces personnel retiring in the same rank with the same length of service irrespective of their date of retirement and any future enhancement in the rates of pension will be automatically passed on to the past pensioners. This implies bridging the gap between the rate of pension of the current pensioners and the past pensioners, and also future enhancements in the rate of pension to be automatically passed on to the past pensioners. In the run up to the acceptance of the OROP principle, the government, in three stages, improved the pensions of ex-servicemen- in 2006, 2010 and 2013. Enhancement of Family Pension In 2012, the government decided to step up the pension of pre1.1.2006 family pensioners(Commissioned Officers, Honorary
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Commissioned Officers, JCOs/ORs based on the minimum of the fitment table instead of the minimum of the Pay Band. The government also decided to establish linkage of the family pension with the pension of JCOs/ORs, in those cases where the death takes place after the retirement of the JCO/OR. This brought about significant relief to lakhs of families of ex-Servicemen. Dual Family Pension - Dual family pension would be allowed in the present and future cases where the pensioner drew, is drawing or may draw pension for military service as well as for civil employment. Family pension to mentally / physically challenged children of armed forces personnel on marriage - Grant of family pension to mentally/physically challenged children who drew, are drawing or may draw family pension would continue even after their marriage. The government also granted an ex-gratia of Rs. 9 lakhs w.e.f. April 1, 2011 to invalided out Armed Forces Personnel with 100 percent disability. For lesser disability between 20 percent to 99 percent this amount was reduced proportionately. Grant of family pension to childless widow of Armed Forces personnel including both officers and PBORs who died prior to January 1, 2006, which was discontinued on her remarriage, was restored retrospectively from the same date subject to certain conditions. Nearly 23.5 lakh ex-servicemen, their families and 13.5 lakh serving personnel are beneficiaries of the above-mentioned schemes. ECHS: The Ex-Servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS) aims to provide quality mediate to Ex-Servicemen pensions and their dependents through a network of ECHS polyclinics, service medical facilities an civil empanelled/Govt Hospitals spread across the country. It has made phenomenal progress over the last seven years. The Government had initially sanctioned Central Organisation, ECHS, 13 Regional Centres and 227 Polyclinics. This was expanded in October, 2010 with 15 more Regional Centres and 199 additional polyclinics. Out of 426 polyclinics, 379 have been operationalised as on date. The endeavour is to make the remainder 47 polyclinics functional at the earliest. New Educational and Training Institutes INDU: Prime Minster Dr Manmohan Singh laid the foundation stone for Indian National Defence University (INDU), a fully autonomous
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institution located on over 200 acres of land at Binola on 23 May 2013. This long awaited university will be instituted by an Act of Parliament with President of India as the Visitor and Defence Minister as the chancellor. It will be governed by its own norms and will inculcate the promote coordination and interaction between Armed Forces & non-Armed Forces institutions / establishments in the country. It will focus on higher education in defence studies, defence management and defence science & technology. The University will offer postgraduate suites and doctoral / post doctoral research. Naval Academy EZHIMALA: Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala was inaugurated by the Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh on 08 January 2009. Located in Kannur district of Kerala, this Academy is not only the premier officer training establishment of the Indian Navy, but also is the largest Naval Academy in Asia. All officers inducted into the Indian Navy under various schemes undergo basic training at this Academy. OTA Gaya: OTA Gaya raised in July 2011 is the third precommissioned Training (PCT) academy of the Indian Army with a planned training capacity of 750 cadets. The aim of the academy is to train Gentlemen Cadets to become part of a professionally competent commissioned officer corps of the Indian Army. The first batch of 149 trainee officers underwent training in the Academy during the period July 2011 to June 2012 and first passing out parade was conducted on 08 June 2012. NIRDESH: National Institute for Research and Development in Defence Shipbuilding (NIRDESH). institute is set up as an autonomous society under the aegis of the Ministry of Defence, Department of Defence Production. The foundation stone was laid on 4th January, 2011 at Chaliyam, Kozhikode, Kerala. Raksha Mantri heads the Board of Governors as the President, with representatives from the MoD, Indian Navy, Coast Guard and CMDs of Defence Public Sector Shipyards as members. NIRDESH has initiated the process of appointing the Consultant for preparation of Master Plan and Detailed Project Reports. Presently one building is functional at the NIRDESH site. NIRDESH is already functioning. ICG Academy, AZHIKKAL: The Defence Minister Shri AK Antony laid the Foundation stone for Indian Coast Guard Academy at Azhikkal in
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Kannur district of Kerala on 28 May 2011. The academy is capable of training 650 trainees and is also catering for the training needs of personnel from Navy, BSF (Water Wing), Marine Police and friendly foreign countries as part of international cooperation. Cantonments Land Records There are 62 Cantonments in India. The administration of these Cantonments is governed by the provisons of the Cantonments Act, 2006. Election to 62 Cantonments Boards were held between 2008 and 2010 under provisions of the Cantonments Act, 2006 and the Cantonment Electoral Rules 2007. As a measure to improve the land management aspects, two projects on (a) scanning, digitization and microfilming of land records; and (b) survey, demarcation and verification of defence lands were sanctioned in February 2011 and the implementation of the Projects have been started in September 2011. Till 31.12.2013, scanning and digitization of records of 45 field offices out of 99 offices have been completed. In the remaining offices, about 60% scanning work has been completed. The project is progressing as per schedule. SCALING NEW HEIGHTS IN SPORTS AND ADVENTUROUS ACTIVITIES Four air warriors of the IAFs Delphinus became the first services team in the world to swim the English Channel on 26 June 2012 by safely and successfully crossing the channel in 12 hours 14 minutes. They became the fastest Asian team to swim English Channel in its category. Subedar Major Vijay Kumar brought glory and laurels to Indian Army as well as to the Country by winning a Silver Medal at the London Olympics in 25 meter pistol shooting event.Olympic silver medalist Vijay Kumar was subsequently promoted as Subedar Major and given a cash award of Rs.30 lakh by the Defence Minister Shri AK Antony. 49 naval sportsmen represented the country at various international sports events during the year and have won three Gold, two Silver and five bronze medals. Chief Petty Officer Omkar Singh of the Navy shooting team has
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been bestowed the Arjuna Award for sporting Excellence for the year 2012. Indian Army Womens Everest Expedition-2012 put four women officers on the summit of Mt. Everest. They achieved this feat on 25 May 2012. Defence Budget Trends of Defence Expenditure since 2006 Defence Expenditure has risen steadily each year. Of course, growth in some years has been higher than others. 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 saw growth of 35% and 24% respectively in the revenue segment to account for impact of implementation of the Sixth CPC recommendations. However, the capital budget has also seen growth in excess of 20% during 20102011 and 2011-2012 in this period. The average growth has been 12.58% (overall), 13.20% in respect of revenue and 12.02% for capital. The budget has more than doubled since 2006. The utilization of the budget has always been above 99% of the Revised Estimates. The capital-revenue ratio has been maintained at around 40%. In the period 2006-2013, against an allocation of Rs 3,57,541 Crores in RE on Capital Head, the actual expenditure was Rs 3,63, 775 Crores representing nearly 102% utilization of the budgeted amount. Even in the current Financial Year (2013-2014), the MoD is poised to utilize the full allocation which was a far cry a few years ago. Capital Expenditure on Modernisation
Figure in crores Financial Year BE 2005-06 34375.14 RE 33075.14 Actual 32337.87 Utilisation


37458.00 8.97%

34458.00 4.18% 37705.00

33825.8 4.60% 37461.67





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11.92% 2008-09 48007.00 14.52% 2009-10 54824.00 14.20% 2010-11 60000.00 9.44% 2011-12 69198.81 15.33% 2012-13 79578.63 15.00% 2013-14 86740.71 9.00%

9.42% 41000.00 8.74% 47824.00 16.64% 60833.26 27.20% 66143.81 8.73% 69578.63 5.19% 78872.23 13.36%

10.75% 40918.48 9.23% 51112.36 24.91% 62056 21.41% 67902.38 9.42% 70499.12 3.82% --101.32% 102.66% 102.01% 106.88% 99.80%



BE Rev + Cap

RE Rev + Cap 86000









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2007-08 2008-09 209-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13

96000 105600 141703 147344 164415.49 193407.29

92500 114600 136264 151581.69 170936.81 178503.52

91680.28 114223.28 141781.08 154116.71 170913.28 181775.78 177509.89

95.5 108.17 100.06 104.6 103.95 93.99 87.15(u

pto Feb 2014)

99.11 99.67 104.05 101.67 99.99 101.83 87.15(upto

Feb 2014)




(upto Feb 2014)


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