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Application Note

Tribology and Mechanical Testing Unit

Standard Test Method for Ranking Resistance of Materials to Sliding Wear In Block-on-Ring Wear Test Using Micro-Tribometer mod. CETR-UMT 2
ASTM G77-98
Summary of Test Method:
This test method covers the procedure for determining sliding wear of various materials using the block-on-ring geometry. A stationary block specimen is pressed with a constant force against a rotating ring specimen at 90 to the ring's axis of rotation. Friction between the sliding surfaces of the block and ring results in loss of material from both pieces. Many materials can be fabricated into blocks and rings, however the standard's emphasis is on metals. The test may be run at the loads, velocities, and temperatures which simulate the service conditions with various lubricants and liquids. The standard does not specify test parameters such as rpm, load, or test duration, but lists typical parameters: Ring dimensions 35 mm dia. x 8.7 mm width Block dimensions 6.35 mm x 10.2 mm x 15.8 mm Normal load 134 N Velocity 180 rpm Duration 30 min. Wear test results are reported as the volume loss in cubic millimeters for both the block and ring. The CETR-UMT 2 can additionally measure in-situ (during the test) dynamic wear depth, friction force and coefficient. The following is a typical test setup.

UMT Hardware Configuration:


4 Mounting Block PN M30C116 Model DFH-20 Dual Friction/Load Sensor - range 2 to 200 N Upper Specimen Holder for Blocks - for sensors mod. DFH Suspension with Linear Guide Upper Specimen Test Block Lower Block-on-Ring Drive - mod. BHHM Lower Specimen Test Ring Optional Additional Sensors - mod. AE-5 Contact Acoustic Emission Detector - mod. TMR-150 Temperatur Measurement & Recording - mod. RTD Temperature Sensor
1717 Dell Avenue, Campbell, CA 95008, USA Phone: +1.408.376.4040 Fax: +1.408.376.4050
Email: productinfo@bruker-nano.com Web: www.bruker-axs.com

Application Note
Tribology and Mechanical Testing Unit

UMT Software Test Setup:


UMT Options File: Load the options file which contains settings for the block-on-ring drive and the 200 kg force/load sensor. Test Sequence: The Test Sequence should consist of 2 sheets. Sheet 1 is for settling time for the carriage to establish the initial normal load. Carriage - applies a 134 N Constant Force for a Duration of 10 sec. Spindle Velocity is 0 revs/min. Slider is idle. Sheet 2 is the wear-life test period Carriage - applies a 134kg Constant Force for a Duration of 30 min. or as needed to achieve significant wear. Spindle Velocity is 180 revs/min, Move-Continuous, and Direction- Counterclockwise Slider is idle. Data Collection: The following should be checked under DataFile: Fx Friction Force Fz Normal Force T Time Z1 Carriage Position (Used to determine Wear Depth) AE input Acoustic Emission (optional) Te input Temperature (optional)

Report:
Use the Viewer program to plot test results. Select the parameters to be displayed by checking the appropriate box under Parameters On the Viewer screen.

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1717 Dell Avenue, Campbell, CA 95008, USA Phone: +1.408.376.4040 Fax: +1.408.376.4050

Email: productinfo@bruker-nano.com Web: www.bruker-axs.com