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Alexander Graham Bell Father of Telephone

Great discoveries and improvements invariably involve the cooperation of many minds. I may be given credit for having blazed the trail, but when I look at the subsequent developments. I feel the credits is due to others rather than to myself

Alexander graham bell was a Scottish born American scientist, inventor, engineer and the most famous for his pioneering work on the development (invention) of TELEPHONE. He was born on 3rd march 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was named after his Grandfathers name Alexander, and was given middle name Graham when he was 10 years old. He was second son of his parents, alexander when was young was known as Aleck. He had an elder and one younger brother both died due to tuberculosis, at a very young age. He had a significantly a major influence of his home town on himself which affected to him a very large extent in his adulthood. Edinburgh, Scotland, known as the "Athens of the North," for its rich culture of arts and science. And second was his Grandfather Alexander Bell, a wellknown professor and teacher of elocution. And as all kids are influenced the most id mother, even he was influenced by his mother who was a homemaker but with that a proficient pianist despite of her deafness. (Here he was thinking of making a device through which even a deaf person could hear). Alexander Graham Bell was homeschooled by his mother, who instilled in him an infinite curiosity about the world around him. He received one year of formal education in a private school and two years at Edinburgh's Royal High School. The very first invention made by bell was a device with rotating paddles with sets of nails brushes that dehusked the wheat. At 16, Alexander Graham Bell accepted a position at Weston House Academy in Elgin, Scotland, where he taught elocution and music to students, many older than him. At the end of the term, Alexander returned home and joined his father, promoting Melville Bell's technique of Visible Speech, which taught the deaf to align specific phonetic symbols with a particular position of the speech organs (lips, tongue, and palate). In 1870, bells family and he moved to Canada, and later years he moved to United States to teach.

At United States he pioneered a system called visible speech, which was developed by his father, to teach deaf-mute children. In year 1972 bell founded a school in Boston to train teachers of the deaf students. Later on the school became a part of Boston University, where bell was appointed as a professor of vocal physiology in 1873. He became a naturalized US citizen in 1882. Bell had been fascinated by the idea of transmitting speech. By 1875 he had come up with a simple receiver that could turn electricity into sound. Other people who were working on the same research project were American Antoni Meucci. On March 10, 1876, Bell and Watson were experimenting in their laboratory. Legend has it that Bell knocked over a container of transmitting fluid and shouted, "Mr. Watson, come here. I want to see you! "The more likely explanation was that Bell heard a noise over the wire and called to his assistant. In any case, Watson heard Bell's voice through the wire and thus received the first telephone call. Bell was granted a patent for the telephone on 7th march 1876 and it developed quickly. Within a year the first telephone exchange was built in Connecticut and the bell telephone company was created in 1877. Over the next 18 years, the Bell Telephone Company faced over 550 court challenges, including several that went to the Supreme Court, but none was successful. In 180, bell was awarded the French Volta prize for his invention. After being awarded he founded The Volta Laboratory in Washington DC, where he did some experiments which were; in communication, in medical research, and in techniques for teaching speech to the deaf. In 1888, bell was one of the members of the National Geographic society, and also served as its president from 1896 to 1904, also helped in establishing its journal. Alexander Graham Bell died peacefully, with his wife by his side, in Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada, on August 2, 1922. The entire telephone system was shut down for one minute in tribute to his life. Within a few months, Mabel also passed away. Alexander Graham Bell's contribution to the modern world and its technologies was enormous.

The most successful men in the end are those whose success is the result of steady accretion.

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