Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 2
DATE : 23-02-2013
DATE : 23-02-2013

COURSE NAME : VIKAAS (JA) & VIPUL (JB)

TEST - 5

TARGET : JEE (IITs) 2014 COURSE CODE : CLINIC CLASSES

CHEMISTRY (PERIODIC TABLE)

HINTS & SOLUTIONS

1. (C)

Sol. The most stable oxidation state of thallium & bismuth are respectively are +1 and +3 due to inert pair effect.

2. (B)

Sol. EN mulliken =

EN pauling =

10 6.8

8.4

2.8

2

= 3

= 8.4

3. (C)

Sol. (A) Across the period, size decreases as electrons are added in the same shell and nuclear charge increases by one unit for addition of each successive element. In contrary, the ionization energy increases as size of atom decreases and nuclear charge increases.

(B) r metallic > r covalent (covalent bondformation involves the overlapping

of orbitals).

(C) 3 Li ñ - 1s 2 2s 2 completely filled stable configuration, so more

stable. 4 Be ñ - 1s 2 2s 2 2p 1

5 B ñ - 1s 2 2s 2 2p 2

6 C ñ - 1s 2 2s 2 2p 3 half filled stable configuration, so more stable.

 

(D)

Due to lanthanide contraction.

4.

(C)

Sol. Al and Ga have nearly same ionisation energies on account of

d-contraction in Ga.

 

Element :

Al

Ga

Si

Ge

P

As

S

Se

I.E.(i) in kJ mole ñ1 :

577 579 786 761 1021

947 1000

941

5.

(A)

Sol. The metallic character of the elements is highest at the extremely left (low ionisation energies) and then decreases across the period from left to right (ionisation energies increases across

 

the period).

6.

(B)

Sol. O has exceptionally smaller value of electron affinity (ñ141 kJ ñ1

mol) due to smaller atomic size than sulphur (weaker electron- electron repulsion in 3p-subshell). It is less than Se and Te also.

7. (A)

Sol. CO is neutral towards litmus. SnO 2 and ZnO are amphoteric as they form salts and water with acids and bases. SiO 2 is acidic

as it forms salts with bases. SiO 2 + 2NaOH  Na 2 SiO 3 +

H 2 O.

8. (B)

Sol. As oxidation state of central metal ion increases, the electron to proton ratio decreses and therefore, size of ion decreses. In KMnO 4 , Mn is in + 7 O.S. So due to maximum +ve charge radius will be lowest.

Sol. A + + e A(g) + EA It is reverse of I.E. of A |I.E.|=|EA|

10. (D)

Sol. Mg has two electrons in its S-subshell after removing these electrons it will obtain inert gas configuration. So a big jump in I.E. will be there.

11. (A)

Sol. As non-metallic character of element attached to oxygen atom increases, the difference between the electronegativity values of element and oxygen decreases and the acid character of oxides increases and vice-versa.

12. (D)

Sol. Due to small size of F atom, the electron-electron repulsions in compact 2-p sub shell are large and hence the incoming electron

is not accepted with the same ease as is the case with Cl (less

electron - electron repulsions)

13. (C)

Sol. (A) Down the group size increases and therefore, ionization energies decrease. Hence the order is correct.

(B) Cation is smaller but anion is bigger than its parent atom. As

charge on cation increases the ionic radius decreases. Similarly

as charge on anion increases the ionic radius increases. IE

1

atomic /ionic radius

. Hence the order is correct.

(C)

energy than O. Hence the order is correct. (D)The correct order is Mg >Al < Si. Mg (ns 2 ) has higher ionization energy than Al (ns 2 np 1 ) because s-sub shell electrons have higher penetration power than that of p-sub shell electrons. Further across the period size decreases and nuclear charge increases and therefore, ionization energy increases.

N has stable half filled configuration thus has higher ionization

14. (C)

Sol. (II) The d-block elements have general electronic configuration [noble gas] (n ñ 1)d 1 - 10 ns 1- 2 . It is configuration of copper which belongs to d-block and group number 11 th . (IV ) This is the configuration of F (electronegativity = 4.0) which belongs to p-block and group number 17 th .

15. (D)

Sol. As 'q' is noble gas, p, r and s having atomic number Z-1, Z+1 and

Z+2 should belong to halogen, alkali metal and alkaline earth metal respectively. As halogen has one electron less than stable noble gas configuration it has greater tendency to accept an additional electron forming anion. Alkaline earth metal having valence shell configuration ns 2 exists in +2 oxidation state.

16. (CD)

Sol. Generally the electron affinity values of 3 rd period elements are higher than the elements of 2nd period of the same group because of less interelectronic repulsions. Atomic size, nuclear charge and electrons configurations also affect the electron affinity. Electron gain enthalpies in kJ mol ñ1 are :

C = ñ 121; Si = - 134 ; P = ñ 74 ; N

O ; O = ñ 142 ; F = ñ 328

9. (A)
9. (A)

17. (ABCD)

Sol. (A) Oxygen atom is smaller as compared to sulphur; so in oxygen

there is more inter-electronic repulsion than that of sulphur.

SOL230213 - 1

(B) Charge increases so size decrease and number of electrons

per proton also decreases; so valence shell electron gradually becomes more tightly held by the nucleus.

(C) Valance shell electron configuration of As is ns 2 np 3 (half

filled stable configuration) and valence shell electron configuration of Se is ns 2 np 4 (partially filled less stable configuration). As = 0.947 MJ/mole; Se = 0.941 MJ/mole.

(D) Down the group atomic size increases. Fluorine experiences

more inter electronic repulsion than that of chlorine; so fluorine has less electron affinity than that of chlorin.

18. (BD)

Sol. (B) Addition of second electron to O ñ is opposed by electrostatic repulsion due to same charge. Hence energy is given for the addition of second electron. (D)Ar has stable electronic confiugration (ns 2 np 6 ). Hence energy

has to be given to add an extra electron to form Ar ñ

19. (AB)

Sol. (C) There are 18 groups and (D) there is no separate positions for isotopes.

20. (ACD)

Sol. All are isoelectronic species so with increasing effective nuclear charge. (i) size decreases (as r = 1/nuclear charge).

(ii) Ionisation energy increases (as it depends on the magnitude

of nuclear charge).

(iii) electron affinity increases (as it depends on the magnitude

of nuclear charge).

21. (ACD)

Sol. Consider the factors on which these properties depend :

(A)

Cation is smaller while anion is bigger than its parent atom.

(B)

Correct order is Cl > F > Br > I.

(C)

Cation is smaller as it is formed by the loss of electron(s).

The anion is formed by the gain of electron(s). The size of anion increases with increase in charge on anion i.e. as the Z/e ratio decreases the size increases.

(D) Across the period the size decreases and nuclear size

increases. So, ionisation energy increases. However, the first ionisation energy of Mg is greater than Al because of high penetration power of 2s 2 electrons of Mg as compared to that of 2p 1 electron of Al.

22. (ACD)

Sol. Oxidaton state eletronegativity Electronegativity increases with increase in oxidation state; so the difference in electronegativity decreases (between element and oxygen) and acidic character increases.

the difference in electronegativity decreases (between element and oxygen) and acidic character increases. SOL230213 - 2
the difference in electronegativity decreases (between element and oxygen) and acidic character increases. SOL230213 - 2

SOL230213 - 2