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Hey guys, what do you think about doing the exam together?

having half of the people do 10-20 and write the steps here. Replace the numbers with variables?? ← I don’t know if that’s legal…. Is it? Okay Here is a cleaner version of this doc that I just made. This has what appear to be the most accurate and agreed upon steps so far and I’ll try and keep it that way: You guys go check out Abigail’s study guide^^ It’s a lot neater/more organized! :) Exam 1 Bonus Study Guide I suggest someone make backup copies at all times just in case someone is malicious; I’ve done things like this before and people would wipe hard work.

1. I’m pretty sure there was a question like this on the test (#3 on Progress Check 5): Consider the following two-step reaction. O3(g) + NO(g) → O2(g) + NO2(aq) 1NO2(g) + O(g) → NO(g) + O2(g) Identify which component is a catalyst and which is a reaction intermediate. Explain your answer. The nitrogen monoxide is a catalyst because it enables the reaction to move forward but is not consumed in the overall reaction. The nitrogen dioxide is a reaction intermediate because it is produced in one step of the reaction and consumed in the next.

Finding boiling points and freezing points of certain mixed and using variable to determine osmotic pressure. This is not hard. d=m/v should help here. I recall the element they gave us being an Alkaline Earth metal (2nd column). Being able to determine whether a unit cell is primitive. Then subtract the weight of one mol of the metal to find the matching halide’s molar mass 3. Set up equation: ∆FP=2*1.2. It was like Lithium or something. * T=iKm * pi= c(or M)RT 5. #3? Yeah.This is correct. <-. USE D=M/V . so i=2. how does this change things? For that one you just had to multiply by 4 aand divide by 2.000 Li atoms. S and p are four orbitals thats why ----the question in the test asked for the p orbitals whereas the progress check asked only for the s? i don’t know how to go about the question now. So ALWAYS start with Body-Centered. SO if they give you a density. The p orbital is to throw you off. or face-centered with the density and the edge cell length (which is pm). so you know that an Alkali metal halide will split into 2 ions. body-centered. but that was the difference. Does anyone know how to do Progress Check 4. but can’t quite figure out how. To figure this one out you have to do trial and error elimination. The progress check one only used s orbitals. it just takes practice. there was a question like that.86*((grams halide/X)/kg H2O) and solve for x.. I think the question you guys ^^ are talking about was something like how many molecular orbitals can be formed from 3. My question asked for both S and P orbitals… But it asks for only the valence electrons which only pertains to the S orbital though. .. Then the second part asked how many molecular orbitals are FILLED. There was a question about electron configurations Are you talking about the one that was like… How many atoms will be in a particular molecular orbital if you have a particular element with an s orbital and a 2p orbital?? Yeah.I know it asked something about the s and/or p orbitals ^^^^ For this question. or something like that.There was one question about finding the empirical formula? There’s a progress check question like this. so the same won’t apply for this one. Wouldn’t this mean that all its s orbitals are filled as well? JUST MULTIPLY BY 4 AND DIVIDE BY TWO. S ORBITAL HAS 1 _ AND P HAS 3 _ _ _ 4.

.and in that case. The one that puts water first is MOLALITY. Also remember that ionic compounds have a higher effective concentration based on how many ions it splits up into and that osmosis flows from low to high. or got the density and you calculate the mass by take 2 [atoms in in body centered] divided by 6. I cant remember what exactly it was….999999.. and essentially 1 for primitive) or maybe 1. ^^^ THAT IS INCORRECT. IT DEPENDS IF THEY ARE ASKING FOR MOLALITY (m) OR MOLARITY (M) .0099999. You’re given density and you are given the side length of a unit cell probably in picometers or angstroms. so the molar masses at the bottom only serve as distraction. First Convert the side length to centimeters Then cube this value to get the volume in cm cubed multiply this value by the density to get the mass of the unit cell in grams. They will give you the milliliters for two different solutions and you must be able to determine moles from that (moles needed for mol fraction)(they will give you enough info to do it )..022E23 that will give you the mass **I wouldn’t suggest trial and error.the molar masses were used to convert weight percent to molarity. Being able to use Raoult’s Law P=Xa .00111333. 2. So if they had different number of ions.. --Um. The final answer will either give you 1.99999. Molarity is the other one. That waste time. each with the same number of ions. 3. Pknot. depends on your calculator. which way would it move? Towards the one that has less ions? . ESPECIALLY when you're talking about unit cell calculations. 8. pretty sure water moves from high concentration to low concentration. the order is solute first THEN add the water. If there is the same concentration of two different compounds.etc. essentially 4 for fcc. same concentration.. **Well for my question it gave me the weight percent of each compound. 6. but you find the pressures of both using the above equations and the you add the two pressures together This is like a question on progress check 4 :) 7. will it move at all? Nope. Now that you have the mass in grams you can multiply (I thought you divide not multiply?) this value by the molar mass of the element that is supposed to be given and convert from moles to atoms. For the 2 students and as to who was correct. The concentration question with the semi-permeable osmotic membrane: particle size does not determine osmotic pressure.99999999 (essentially 2 for bcc.

You have to use the molecular weight to find the concentrations of each compound to see which one was bigger. and A and B stayed constant. the higher the molality times van hoff’t factor. For example. It makes either end more extreme. the HIGHER the heat of hydration. 10. 11. This is based off of Lattice Energy and Ion size.just something that helped me :) This question is exactly like #4 on Progress Check 1: Place these metal cations in order of increasing heat of hydration. it will have HIGHEST heat of hydration. The second factor to consider if the magnitude of the charge is the same (like Li and Na). Since the chosen ions were alkali and alkali earth metals. -so lets say C6H12O6 was 0. because it proportionally changed with the rate… How do we find B? Progress check 4 question 2 I think that there was a problem like this in the problems Carrun posted on eLC. Know how to calculate rate equation and rate constant. is the ion size. Be able to rank chemicals in increasing order for freezing or boiling points for this question. Na+ ANSWER: Na+ < Li+ < Be2+ . Be2+. it will have a higher heat of hydration. Since Be2+ has the BIGGEST charge out of all 3 cations. I liked to think of it as heat of hydration increased as reactivity decreased-. Be sure to separate the ions with less than symbols (<). Were these the exact choices given? Li +. the last two parts on my test were given something like 8% of two different compounds. this is the answer because the most important factor to consider in heat of hydration is FIRST the magnitude of the charge. the higher the freezing/boiling point? *********I'm pretty sure a higher molality times vant hoff factor does make higher boiling point but a LOWER freezing point. The SMALLER the cation. 9.4 C12H24O12 was . the rate did not change)? Anyone else remember this? Can anyone verify this? And I think A was first order in the rate equation. Using experimental data I remember there being A B and C… and I think C was not at all in the rate expression (because when it alone changed. Rank cations based on increasing heat of hydration. is it the same for freezing and boiling point? as in.2)(2)= . Since Li is smaller than Na.1 m KNO3 was (.^^^Consensus on this question? Are the molecular weights important or not? They are important when you are given weight percent instead of molarity.6 the order of freezing point from highest to lowest would be? *van't hoff factor affects boiling point elevation/ freezing point depression .

normal temp = 273K. Be able to identify triple point and critical point on a graph. O. . Know what can bond with Hydrogen. O. does anybody know how to tell the difference between ion dipole and dipole-dipole??? 14. or N (they do not have to be attached to an H) **H attaches to FON 16. Usually there is a J to kJ conversion because R is given in J. I had something like #4 from Progress check 1 on my test. Hydrogen. 13. Hydrogen bond donor: the molecule that has an H attached to either F. London) ********* mine also had ion-dipole as a choice. Either way its algebra stuff to solve for the variable.. You just have to be sure to convert everything to the right units. Hess law 15. Identify IMF in given compounds(highest to lowest = Ion-Ion.3145 J/mol K I just don’t remember if we had to find the second Temperature or the Hvap or one of the Pressures?? They said normal which means P1= 760 mmHg or torr However. Dipole-Dipole. I’m not sure if it was the exact same. and energy is given in kJ.12. Can’t remember exactly. or N Hydrogen bond acceptor: the molecule that has an F. ??? I feel like there may have been a clausius equation one.. I’m pretty sure for me (thinking about it now) it was T2 that i had to find. but it gave you like 4-5 balanced equations with enthalpy and you had to find 1. There was one question about calculating the enthalpy or something( it is about the lattice energy). normal pressure = 760 mmHg/Torr yeah and R = 8. Alcohol groups can hydrogen bond but not lone oxygens attached to carbons.on mine there was ^^^^^^^^^^^ there was 1!! They give you the equation though. Triple point is where the three states meet. Critical point will be the point when no phase boundary exist.

There was one like this too There was also another gimme question from the progress check that look like…. Wouldn’t it be ethane<methylpropane<propanone<2-butanol? and this tooo . Had to know if ‘this’ happens. ‘this’ increases/decreases ←. 17.**Are there any other conceptual based ones that anyone can think of or are we missing other calculation based questions??? Wasnt there one about why is the dissolution of gases always exothermic? Yes there was something like that I know there was 1 conceptual one. but I can’t remember what it was.

pdf 19. Be able to use Henry’s Law to determine the solubility of a solution. are solute solvent interactions LESS THAN/GREATER THAN solute-solute? -According to the link below.I think that exothermic is greater than and endothermic is less than? I’m not sure: I found this link online that seems somewhat helpful: http://chemistry. Also. if anyone is/has taken it and could explain this better than I…. wasn’t there a question that was something like… .osu. the more energy it takes to break up the whole structure. so ethane would not take as long to break up as methylpropane. The other question is literally just asking which ones contain hydrogen bonding. I think you could also factor in electronegativity for the above two pictures… For the first one. I remember the question but I don’t know what the right answer is. 17. are solute-solvent interactions LESS THAN/GREATER THAN solute-solute interactions? -According to the link below. the O-H bond is ionic. solute-solvent interaction is greater/stronger than solute-solute for exothermic For ENDOTHERMIC reactions. However. so it will be the toughest one to break = greater heat of vaporization → it takes more energy to break this bond. So methylpropane will be slightly stronger than ethane. For EXOTHERMIC reactions. the double bonds between C=O are harder to break than single C-H bonds… (I believe we went over this concept as well in biol1107. first off. the more C-H bonds there are.) Second.(just pointing that out) First off when you look at the organic molecules the only dominant forces present are London two are just C-H molecules.. For these.these two problems were also on my test…. From the other three options left. solute-solute interaction is greater/stronger than solute-solvent for endothermic Does anyone know the answer to these??? I don’t even remember how it was worded exactly. when comparing 2-butanol and propanone you can look at the structure and the name that 2 butanol contain hydrogen bonding whereas propanone only contains dipole-dipole moment with the double bonds connecting carbon to oxygen. In regards to propanone. london dispersion forces become stronger with more surface area. S=KxP 18.

) rate = k . H2NNO2... (Rate expressions take the general form: rate = k .Consider the following reaction representing the decomposition of nitramide. [Cl2]. [H2] . [H2NNO2]1/2 Correct. . H2NNO2(aq) → N2O(g) + H2O(l) A researcher proposes the following mechanism for the decomposition reaction.umm. 1: H2NNO2(aq) → HNNO2−(aq) + H +(aq) [fast] 2: HNNO2−(aq) → N2O(g) + OH −(aq) [slow] 3rd step: H +(aq) + OH −(aq) → H2O(l) [fast] (b) Determine the simplified rate law for the proposed mechanism in terms of the starting reagent.