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Notes on Using SAP2000 as a tool, Suyono Nt.

2007 page 1 of 17

Sorry for day i'm on a lazy state in writes all of equations and make details of calculation like a Column (all columns, below and above storey being considered)
report. H=300
B=300
Load Path on RC Building Structures
LL
Because of node limitation in SAP2000 Student version (100 nodes max) only ½ w l = 0,5*4*3 = 6 kN/m
small/moderate numbers of meshing shell elements in my SAP models, it's about 80 DLslab
nodes. For calculation beams bending moment hope it would be satisfied :( ??, for 0,5*0,12*24*3 = 4,32 kN/m
another purpose of calculating such as slabs moment and/or deflection i'm not sure. DLbeam
In others word it'll not capture the structural behaviour (need more FE mesh). 0,2*0,4*24 = 1,92 kN/m

Material Properties (I left as default, except weight density)

Load Combination
1,2DL+1,6LL

RC beam design
Modified ACI318-99 parameter to satisfy SNI91 RC building codes.
Type: Sway Ordinary (non seismic)

CASE 1
Modelling structures with frame element to represent beam and column. Loads
Element dimensions (in mm units)
applied to beam in -z direction, distributed as trapezoidal and triangular.
Beams (all beams in X and Y direction)
H=400
B=200
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CASE 2
Modelling structures with frame element to represent beam and column, shell
element for slabs to study force distribution on beam members. Here's eccentricity
being ignore to simplify.
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CASE 2
Modelling structures with frame element to represent beam and column, shell
element for slabs. Here's eccentricity being considered to study force distribution
on beam members. How these take effect on beams internal force. Adjacent node
shell to beams are connected with rigid link to transfer slab forces.

e=(0,4/2)-(0,12/2)=0,14m
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as can be seen, the amount of axial forces are large cause of beam-slab eccentricity.
Positive sign (tension) at beam spans and negative sign (compression) at beam end.

It must be converted before to get real moment for RC design purposes.

again :) sorry i'm on lazy state to makes detail of calculation, just do it by yourself.

You can look from researcher who interested in mixed element, truss to beam,
beam to shell, shell to solid, etc.
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In RC design command i didn't make a further calculation to get design moment,


just want to know how much it differ from other models result. Whohah ... it's
about 35% less than 1st simple models (for a long past years i trusted).

Concluding and Remarks


● load from mesh at corners are lost from contribution of beam internal force.
● ignoring eccentricity makes plate rotation at end spans are less stiff.
● more FE mesh means more accurate result (mesh FE in this model isn't
captures structural behaviour)
● make your FE model's simple as possible but not simpler :)