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Workbench - Mechanical Introduction 12.

CURSO INTRODUCTORIO PRACTICO ANSYS WB

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TOC-1

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Workbench - Mechanical Introduction 12.0

Table of Contents

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TOC-1

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Workshop Supplement
Workshop Supplement

Inventory Number: 002594 1st Edition ANSYS Release: 12.0 P bli h d Date: Published D t May M 5, 5 2009
Registered Trademarks:
ANSYS is a registered trademark of SAS IP Inc. All other product names mentioned in this manual are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective manufacturers.

Disclaimer Notice:
This document has been reviewed and approved in accordance with the ANSYS, ANSYS Inc Inc. Documentation Review and Approval Procedures. This ANSYS Inc. software product (the Program) and program documentation (Documentation) are furnished by ANSYS, Inc. under an ANSYS Software License Agreement that contains provisions concerning non-disclosure, copying, length and nature of use, warranties, disclaimers and remedies, and other provisions. The Program and Documentation may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of that License Agreement.

Copyright 2009 SAS IP, Inc. Proprietary data. Unauthorized use, distribution, or duplication is prohibited. All Rights Reserved.

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TOC-2

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Table of Contents
1. No Workshop WS2.1-1 WS3.1-1 WS3 2-1 WS3.2-1 WS4.1-1 WS4.2-1 WS5.1-1 WS5.2-1 WS6.1-1 WS7.1-1 WS8 1 1 WS8.1-1 WS9.1-1

Workshop Supplement

2.1 ANSYS Mechanical Basics 3.1 Contact Control 3 2 Mesh Control 3.2 4.1 Linear Structural Analysis 4.2 2D Structural Analysis 5.1 Free Vibration Analysis 5.2 Pre-stressed Vibration Analysis 6.1 Steady State Thermal Analysis 7.1 Linear Bucking 8 1 Results 8.1 R lt P Processing i 9.1 Parameter Manager

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TOC-3

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Workbench - Mechanical Introduction 12.0

Workshop 2.1 ANSYS Mechanical Basics

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WS2.1-1

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

Notes on Workshop 2.1

Workshop Supplement

The first workshop is extensively documented. As this course progresses, students will become more familiar with basic Workbench Mechanical functionality (menu locations etc etc.), ) thus subsequent workshops will contain less details. Throughout these workshops menu paths are documented as: First pick > Second pick > etc.. Workshops begin with a goals section followed by an assumptions section. section

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WS2.1-2

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

Workshop 2.1 - Goals


Using the Stress Wizard, set up and solve a structural model for stress, deflection and safety factor factor. Problem statement:
The model consists of a Parasolid file representing a control box cover (see figure). The cover is intended to be used in an external pressure application (1 Mpa/145 psi). The cover is to be made from aluminum y alloy. Our goal is to verify that the part will function in its intended environment.

Workshop Supplement

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WS2.1-3

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

Workshop 2.1 - Assumptions


We will represent the constrains on the counter bores, bottom contact area and inner sides using frictionless supports.
Frictionless supports place a normal constraint on an entire surface. Translational displacement is allowed in all directions except into and out of th supported the t d plane. l Since Si we would ld expect frictional forces to at contact areas this is a conservative approach.

Workshop Supplement

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WS2.1-4

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

Workshop 2.1 - Environment

Workshop Supplement

Loads: the load consists of a 1 MPa pressure applied to the 17 exterior surfaces of the cover.

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WS2.1-5

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

Workshop 2.1 Project Schematic


Open the Project page. From the Units menu verify:

Workshop Supplement

Project units are set to US Customary (lbm, in, s, F, A, lbf, V). Display Values in Project Units is checked (on).

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WS2.1-6

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WS2.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 2.1 Project Schematic


1. From the Toolbox choose create a Static Structural system t (d (drag/drop /d or RMB). RMB)

Workshop Supplement

2. RMB in the Geometry cell and I Import t Geometry. G t Browse B to t the file Cap_fillets.x_t.

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WS2.1-7

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

Workshop 2.1 - Preprocessing


3. Double click the Model cell to open the Mechanical application. 4 When the Mechanical application opens the 4. model will display in the graphics window and the Mechanical Application Wizard displays on the right. right

Workshop Supplement

When Mechanical starts if the Wizard is not displayed, use the icon to open it.

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WS2.1-8

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

Workshop 2.1 - Preprocessing


5. Set the units system:
From the main menu go to Units > Metric (mm, kg, N, s, mV, mA).

Workshop Supplement

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WS2.1-9

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 2.1 - Preprocessing


6. Select a suitable material for the part:
a. From the Mechanical Wizard choose Verify Material b. Notice the callout box indicates Engineering Data is accessible from the WB2 interface (Project Schematic).

Workshop Supplement

c. Return to the Project schematic window and double click E i Engineering i Data D t to t access the th material t i l properties. ti

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WS2.1-10

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 2.1 - Preprocessing


7. With General Materials highlighted click the + next to Aluminum Allow to add this material to the current project. 8. Return to the Project.
Notice the Model cell indicates a refresh is necessary.

Workshop Supplement

9. Refresh the Model cell (RMB), then return to the Mechanical window. window

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WS2.1-11

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 2.1 - Preprocessing


10. Highlight Part 1 and click the M t i l > A Material Assignment i t fi field ld to t change the material property to aluminum alloy.

Workshop Supplement

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WS2.1-12

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 2.1 - Preprocessing


11. Insert Loads:
a. Select Insert Structural Loads from the Wizard b. Follow the call out box to insert a Pressure load c. The tree will now include a Pressure load in the Static Structural environment branch

Workshop Supplement

b. a.

c.

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WS2.1-13

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 2.1 - Preprocessing


12. Apply the load to geometry:

Workshop Supplement

a) Highlight one of the outer faces of the part. b) Use the Extend to Limits icon to select the remaining 16 faces (total 17 faces selected). l t d) c) Click Apply to accept the faces. d) Enter a Magnitude of 1MPa.

b.

a. c. d.

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WS2.1-14

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 2.1 - Preprocessing


13. Apply supports to constrain the part:
a. Select Insert Supports from the Wizard. b Follow b. F ll the th callout ll t box b to t insert i t a Frictionless F i ti l Support. S t c. Apply it to the 4 counter bore surfaces of the part.

Workshop Supplement

b b. a. c.

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WS2.1-15

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 2.1 - Preprocessing


14. Repeat Steps 13.a. and 13.b. to insert a F i ti l Frictionless Support S t on the th inner i surfaces f of the bottom recess (use extend to limits after selecting one of the inner surfaces.

Workshop Supplement

15. Repeat Steps 13.a. and 13.b. to insert a Frictionless Support on the lip surface at the bottom of the recess.

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WS2.1-16

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 2.1 - Preprocessing


16. From the Mechanical Wizard request:
a) Insert Structural Results (the call out will point to the S l ti toolbar). Solution t lb ) b) Deformation > Total. c) Stress > Equivalent (von-Mises). d) Tools > Stress Tool. b b. c. d d. a.

Workshop Supplement

Note the Stress Tool detail allows 4 different configurations (explained later). For this workshop we will leave the tool specified as Max Equivalent Stress theory.
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WS2.1-17

WS2.1: Basics

Workshop 2.1 - Solution


17. Solve the model:
a. Select Solve from the Wizard. b. Follow the callout box and click on Solve.

Workshop Supplement

b.

a.

Note how clicking on Solve in the Wizard does not automatically start solving the model but instead, points out the Solve icon to the user. Alternatively, you could right click on any branch in the outline and choose Solve
May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

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WS2.1-18

WS2.1: Basics

Workshop 2.1 - Results


18. View the results:
a. Click View Results from the Wizard b. Follow the callout box to where the results are available under the Solution branch

Workshop Supplement

b. a.

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WS2.1-19

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 2.1 - Results

Workshop Supplement

Plotting a models deformation often provides a reality check in structural analysis. Verifying the general nature (direction and amount) of deflection can help avoid obvious mistakes in model setup. Animations are often used as well.

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WS2.1-20

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 2.1 - Results

Workshop Supplement

After reviewing stress results expand the safety tool and plot safety factor. Notice the failure theory selected predicts a minimum safety factor of just over 1 1.

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WS2.1-21

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

Workshop 2.1 - Report


19. Create an html report:
a. First choose the graphical items you wish to include in your report by highlighting the branches and orienting the plot (this is your choice). b. Next, insert a Figure from the toolbar. c. Click the Report Preview tab to generate the report.

Workshop Supplement

b.

c.

a.

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WS2.1-22

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS2.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 2.1 - Report

Workshop Supplement

Notes on Figures: Figures are not limited to results items. Adding a plot of the environment branch, for f example, will include an image of f model boundary conditions in the Report. Figures gu es are a e independent. depe de t You ou may ay set up individual d dua figures gu es and a d have a e their orientation, zoom level, etc. retained regardless of the active model orientation or other figures. Individual branches can have multiple figures associated with them. them

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WS2.1-23

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Workbench - Mechanical Introduction 12.0

Workshop 3.2 Meshing Control

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WS3.2-1

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.2: Meshing Control

Workshop 3.2 - Goals

Workshop Supplement

Use the various ANSYS Mechanical mesh controls to enhance the mesh for the model below. Problem statement:
The model consists of a Parasolid file representing a solenoid. g is to mesh the model using g all defaults and inspect p the result. Our goal Next we will add mesh controls to modify the mesh in various regions of the model.

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WS3.2-2

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.2: Meshing Control

Workshop 3.2 - Assumptions

Workshop Supplement

Since this is a meshing exercise we will not be applying loads or solving g the model. Instead we will assume a linear static structural analysis is to follow the meshing operation.

Note, due to a certain randomness in the nature of meshing, the actual number of elements g generated during g the workshop p may y vary y from machine to machine. This is normal.

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WS3.2-3

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.2: Meshing Control

Workshop 3.2 Project Schematic


Open the Project page. From the Units menu verify:

Workshop Supplement

Project units are set to US Customary (lbm, in, s, F, A, lbf, V). Display Values in Project Units is checked (on).

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WS3.2-4

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.2: Meshing Control

Workshop 3.2 Project Schematic


1. In the Toolbox, double click Static Structural to create a new analysis system system.
1.

Workshop Supplement

2. RMB on the Geometry cell and Import Import Geometry Geometry . Browse to Solenoid_Body.x_t. 3. Double click the Model cell to start the Mechanical application.

2.

3.

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WS3.2-5

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.2: Meshing Control

Workshop 3.2 - Basic Meshing


Start by meshing the model using all defaults. This will establish a base line from which we can compare line changes.

Workshop Supplement

4 Highlight the mesh branch 4. branch, RMB > Generate Mesh.

4 4.

When mesh generation completes we can view the mesh and inspect the statistics in the details for the mesh branch. 4771 elements.

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WS3.2-6

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.2: Meshing Control

. . . Workshop 3.2 Mesh Size Control


Based on our inspection we may decide a more refined mesh is necessary for our analysis. analysis 5. In the mesh branch details expand the sizing section and set the Relevance Center to Medium. 6. RMB the mesh branch and Generate Mesh.
Again visually the refinement is obvious. Details also show an increase in mesh size. 10 447 elements. 10,447 l t

Workshop Supplement

5 5.

6.

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WS3.2-7

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.2: Meshing Control

. . . Workshop 3.2 Mesh Shape Control


Workshop Supplement

A closer look at the mesh seems to show some anomalies where certain faces meet. By zooming to the area in question we can see several small sliver surfaces are forcing a fine mesh locally. Well attempt to clean this up using virtual topology.

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WS3.2-8

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.2: Meshing Control

Workshop 3.2 Virtual Topology


7. Insert the virtual topology branch (highlight the Model branch):
a. RMB > I Insert t > Virtual Vi t l Topology. T l a.

Workshop Supplement

Since it appears pp that the sliver area is closer to being tangent to the sides, we will combine these into virtual cells.
Sliver Side

In order to preserve the basic topology we will join pairs of surfaces into virtual cells rather th than th trying t i to t combine bi all surfaces together. The result will be 3 cells per side, 6 in total.
WS3.2-9
May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

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WS3.2: Meshing Control

Workshop 3.2 Virtual Topology


8. Create Virtual Cells:
a. Select one of the sliver surfaces. b. Hold the CTRL key and select the adjacent surface (as shown at right). c. RMB > Insert > Virtual Cell. b.

Workshop Supplement

a.

c.

The resulting g virtual cell is displayed in red. Although underlying surfaces still exist, this is the surface the mesher will use.

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WS3.2-10

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.2: Meshing Control

. . . Workshop 3.2 Virtual Topology


Continue by creating the remaining 5 virtual cells (select in pairs as before). When complete you will have a total of 6 virtual cells.

Workshop Supplement

9. Remesh the model (highlight the mesh branch):


a. RMB > Generate Mesh. a.

The resulting mesh shows a much more uniform mesh with a significant reduction in element count. 7997 elements.
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WS3.2-11

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.2: Meshing Control

. . . Workshop 3.2 Mapped Face Meshing


10. Map mesh several faces (highlight Mesh branch):
a. Select the 3 planar faces shown here. b. RMB > Insert > Mapped Face Meshing. c. RMB > Generate Mesh.

Workshop Supplement

a.

As shown map meshing results is elements on the selected faces which share very regular shapes.
c.

b.

If time permits experiment with other mesh controls.


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WS3.2-12

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Workbench - Mechanical Introduction 12.0

Workshop 3.1 C Contact C Control l

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WS3.1-1

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.1: Contact Control

Workshop 3.1 - Goals

Workshop Supplement

Workshop 3.1 investigates contact behavior on a simple assembly. It is meant to illustrate how rigid body motion can occur as a result of improper contact set up up. Problem statement:
The model consists of a simple p Parasolid assembly y file Our goal is to set up contact among the parts in the assembly and see how non symmetric loading can effect the results.

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WS3.1-2

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.1: Contact Control

Workshop 3.1 - Assumptions

Workshop Supplement

Well assume the friction between the arm shaft and the holes in the side plates is negligible. Well make the same assumption for the contact between the arm shaft and the stop shaft. shaft Finally well assume the stop shaft is fixed to each of the side plates. Arm Shaft Side Plate

Side Plate

Stop p Shaft
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WS3.1-3

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.1: Contact Control

Workshop 3.1 Project Schematic


Open the Project page. From the Units menu verify:

Workshop Supplement

Project units are set to US Customary (lbm, in, s, F, A, lbf, V). Display Values in Project Units is checked (on).

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WS3.1-4

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.1: Contact Control

. . . Workshop 3.1 Project Schematic


1. In the Toolbox, double click Static Structural to create a new analysis system system.
1.

Workshop Supplement

2 RMB on the Geometry cell 2. and Import Geometry. Browse to Contact_Arm.x_t.

2.

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WS3.1-5

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.1: Contact Control

Workshop 3.1 - Preprocessing


3. Double click the Model cell to open the Mechanical application.

Workshop Supplement

3.

4 Set the working Unit System: 4.


Units > U.S Customary (in, lbm, lbf, F, s, V, A)

4.

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WS3.1-6

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.1: Contact Control

. . . Workshop 3.1 - Preprocessing


5. RMB the Connections branch and Rename Based on Definition. Definition

Workshop Supplement

5.

The result is contact regions are now defined with respect to the parts associated with each. Notice the type of contact (e.g. bonded, etc ) is also shown etc.) shown.

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WS3.1-7

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.1: Contact Control

. . . Workshop 3.1 - Preprocessing 6. Based on the assumptions stated earlier change 3 of the contact regions to No Separation as shown here:
a. U Use the h CTR CTRL k key and d select l the h 3 contact regions shown here. b. In the details change g the contact type to No Separation.
Each contact region could be changed individually individually, selecting all 3 merely saves time.

Workshop Supplement

a.

b.

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WS3.1-8

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.1: Contact Control

Workshop 3.1 - Environment


7. Fix the assembly (highlight the Static Structural branch (A5):
a. S Select l t the th 2 faces f on the th ends d of f the th Side Plates. b. RMB > Insert > Fixed Support.

Workshop Supplement

a.

b.

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WS3.1-9

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.1: Contact Control

. . . Workshop 3.1 - Environment


8. Apply a force load to the ArmShaft:
a. Select the split face on the top of the A Sh ft ArmShaft. b. RMB > Insert > Force. c. In the force details change to Component d. Set:
Y component p = - 10 lbf ( (minus 10) ) Z component = +1

Workshop Supplement

a.

b.

c. d.

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WS3.1-10

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.1: Contact Control

Workshop 3.1 Initial Solution


9. Highlight the Solution branch (A6) and RMB > Insert > Deformation > Total Total. 10. Solve (you will see a warning message that the model may be unconstrained) unconstrained).
Highlight the Total Deformation to view the result.

Workshop Supplement

9 9.

10.

Although slight, we can see the A Sh ft is ArmShaft i beginning b i i to t move sideways. We have no contact or boundary condition to prevent this motion as it is currently set up. If the magnitude of the load becomes large enough, the solution will fail.

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WS3.1-11

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.1: Contact Control

Workshop 3.1 Modified Environment


11. Add a frictionless support to the ArmShaft:
a Select one of the faces on the end of a. the shaft for the ArmShaft. b. RMB > Insert >Frictionless Support.
Either end of the shaft can be chosen chosen.

Workshop Supplement

a.

b.

A frictionless support pp provides p a constraint which is normal to the surface upon which it is applied. In this case the shaft will be free to rotate but cannot move out of plane (in this case the Z direction is constrained).

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WS3.1-12

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS3.1: Contact Control

Workshop 3.1 Modified Result

Workshop Supplement

Once again solve the model and inspect the deformations. As can be seen the ArmShaft is now prevented from moving.
In setting up contact models it is important to assess what motions have and have not, been accounted for.

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WS3.1-13

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Workbench - Mechanical Introduction 12.0

Workshop 4.2 2D St Structural t lA Analysis l i

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WS4.2-1

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 - Goals

Workshop Supplement

Workshop 4.2 consists of a 2 part assembly representing a pressure cap and retaining flange (full model shown below). We will solve it as a 2D axisymmetric model (shown ( on next page). )

Pressure Cap

Retaining Ring

Full Model

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WS4.2-2

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 Assumptions


2D axisymmetric model assumptions:

Workshop Supplement

The retaining ring is fixed at its mounting holes. The Th contact t t region i between b t the th parts t is i frictionless. f i ti l The base of the pressure cap is constrained using a compression only support.
Note: due to the presence of the bolt holes the structure is not truly axisymmetric axisymmetric.

Pressure Cap

Retaining Ring
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WS4.2-3

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.2 Project Schematic Open the Project page. From the Units menu verify:
Project units are set to Metric (kg, mm, s, C, mA, mV). Display Values in Project Units is checked (on).

Workshop Supplement

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WS4.2-4

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 Project Schematic


1. Double click Static Structural analysis type to add a new system. system 1

Workshop Supplement

2 RMB the Geometry cell and 2. request Properties.

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WS4.2-5

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 - Project Schematic


3. In the Analysis Type field specify 2D.
Once this setting is made the properties window may be closed if desired.

Workshop Supplement

Note this setting indicates the model to be analyzed is not a full 3D model but represents a symmetry section. It is important that this is set prior to importing geometry g y as this setting g cannot be changed after the import.
WS4.2-6

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May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 - Project Schematic


4. Double click the Engineering Data cell to add material properties. 4

Workshop Supplement

5. With the General Materials library highlighted choose the + next to Stainless Steel to add the material to the project. p j 6. Return to Project. 6 5
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WS4.2-7

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 Geometry Setup


7. From the Geometry cell, RMB > Import Geometry and browse to: Axisym pressure 2D 12 x t Axisym_pressure_2D_12.x_t. 7

Workshop Supplement

8 Double click the Model cell to 8. start Mechanical. 8

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WS4.2-8

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 Preprocessing


9. Set the working unit system:
Units > Metric (mm, kg, N, s, mV, mA).

Workshop Supplement

10 Change part behavior to Axisymmetric: 10. Axisymmetric :


a. Highlight the Geometry branch b. Change the 2D Behavior under the Details of Geometry to Axisymmetric Geometry Axisymmetric

a.

Rename the Parts:


Part1: RMB > Rename to Retaining Ring. Part2: RMB > Rename to Pressure Cap.

b.

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WS4.2-9

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 Preprocessing


11. Change the material assigned to the Pressure Cap:
a. Highlight Pressure a Pressure Cap Cap b. Under the Details of Pressure Cap Choose Material > Assignment = Stainless Steel.

Workshop Supplement

11a.

11b.

12 Modify contact behavior: 12.


a. In the Details of Contact Region, change the Type to Frictionless

12a 12a.
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WS4.2-10

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 Contact


13. Generate the Mesh:
a. RMB the Mesh branch and choose Generate M h Mesh.

Workshop Supplement

a.

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WS4.2-11

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 Environment


14. Apply Loads on the model (make sure the Static Structural branch is highlighted):
a. Select the 4 inside edges g (shown ( in dashed black lines) ) of the Pressure Cap .
Hint : select one of the edges and use extend to limits

Workshop Supplement

b. RMB > Insert > Pressure. c Set the pressure magnitude = 0 c. 0.1 1 MPa. MPa

a a.

b.

c.
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WS4.2-12

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 Environment


15. Apply Supports to the model:
a. Highlight the bottom edge of the pressure cap (shown in black dashed lines). p Only y Support. pp b. RMB > Insert > Compression

Workshop Supplement

b b.

a.

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WS4.2-13

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 Environment

Workshop Supplement

c. Select the middle line on the top of the retaining ring (shown in black dashed lines). d RMB d. RMB > Insert > Fixed Support Support . Note : Remember, the axisymmetric assumption here is that the retaining ring is a continuous solid.
Actually there are bolt holes around its circumference. For this reason, when the model was created in DesignModeler this separate line was intentionally created to provide a location to add our support.

d. c.

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WS4.2-14

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 Solution


Solve the model.
Notes on axisymmetry :

Workshop Supplement

Notice that the model lies completely in +X space with the Y axis as the axis of revolution. This is q for axisymmetry. y y required Axisymmetry assumes that the model is a complete 360 degree model. For this reason no constraints in the X direction are required. The portion of the pressure load acting in the +X direction is assumed to be offset by an equal portion in the X direction.

View any warning messages/errors :


a Errors/warning messages are displayed in the Messages a. Messages tab at the bottom of the graphics screen. b. Double click on the message to view it. Click OK to close the warning window.
Note : Note: due to the fact that the pressure cap is constrained using frictionless contact and a compression only support, weak springs are added to prevent rigid body motion

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WS4.2-15

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 Postprocessing


Insert Results into the Solution branch:

Workshop Supplement

Highlight the Solution branch, RMB and insert Stress > Equivalent (vonMi Mises) ) Highlight the Solution branch, RMB and Insert> Deformation > Total Switch to body select mode, select the pressure cap and repeat steps (a.) and (b.)
Note : the last two results are now scoped to the pressure cap. This will allow us to isolate its response.

Solve

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WS4.2-16

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 Postprocessing


Highlight each of the result objects to inspect the result.

Workshop Supplement

Equivalent Stress on all bodies

Total Deformation on Pressure Cap

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WS4.2-17

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.2 Postprocessing

Workshop Supplement

View Solution time by highlighting the Solution Information branch:


The graphics window will change to the Worksheet view. Scroll to the b tt bottom of f the th solution l ti information i f ti and d note t the th Elapsed El d Time Ti (this (thi will ill vary by machine).
Note, CP time represents the sum for all processors used. In multiprocessor machines it will generally exceed elapsed time.

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WS4.2-18

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.2: 2D Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.2 Comparison


2D Elapsed Time = 9.0 seconds. 3D Elapsed Time = 41.0 seconds.

Workshop Supplement

Solution time comparison using refined 3D symmetry mesh:

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WS4.2-19

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Workbench - Mechanical Introduction 12.0

Workshop 4.1 Linear Structural Analysis

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WS4.1-1

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.1 - Goals

Workshop Supplement

Workshop 4 consists of a 5 part assembly representing an impeller type pump. Our primary goals are to analyze the assembly with a preload on the belt of 100N to test:
That the impeller will not deflect more than 0.075mm with the applied load. That the use of a plastic pump housing will not exceed the materials elastic limits around the shaft bore.

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WS4.1-2

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.1 - Assumptions

Workshop Supplement

Well assume the pump housing is rigidly mounted to the rest of the pump assembly. To simulate this, a frictionless support is applied to the mounting face. face Similarly, frictionless surfaces on the mounting hole counter bores will be used to simulate the mounting bolt contacts. (Note if accurate stresses were desired at the mounting holes, a compression only support would be a better choice). Finally, Finally a bearing load (X = 100 N) is used on the pulley to simulate the load from the drive belt. The bearing load will distribute the force over the face of the pulley only where the belt contact occurs.

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WS4.1-3

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.1 Project Schematic Open the Project page. From the Units menu verify:
Project units are set to Metric (kg, mm, s, C, mA, mV). Display Values in Project Units is checked (on).

Workshop Supplement

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WS4.1-4

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.1 - Project Schematic


1. From the Toolbox insert a Static Structural system into the Project Schematic. Schematic
1.

Workshop Supplement

2. From the Geometry y cell, , RMB and Import Geometry > Browse. Import the file Pump_assy3.x_t.
2.

3 Double click the Model 3. Model cell to start the Mechanical application.
3.

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WS4.1-5

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.1 Preprocessing


4. Set the working unit system:
Units > Metric (mm, kg, N, s, mV, mA).

Workshop Supplement

5. Add Polyethylene the Engineering Data (return to Workbench window):


a. Double click the Engineering g g Data cell. b. Highlight General Materials and click the + sign next to Polyethylene. c Return to the Project. c. Project

4.

a.

c. b.
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WS4.1-6

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.1 Preprocessing


6. Refresh the Model cell:
a. RMB > Refresh.

Workshop Supplement

6a.

Return to the Mechanical window.


7a.

7. Change the material on the pump housing ( (Part Part 1): 1 ):


a. Highlight Part 1 under geometry. b. From details change the material assignment to Polyethylene.

7b.

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WS4.1-7

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.1 Preprocessing


8. Change the contact region behavior for the first 4 contact regions (shown below):
a. H Hold ld the th shift hift key k and d highlight hi hli ht the th first fi t 4 contact branches. b. From the detail window change the contact type to no separation. The remainder of the contacts will be left as bonded.

Workshop Supplement

a a.

b.

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WS4.1-8

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.1 - Environment


9. Apply the bearing load to the pulley:
a. b b. c. d. Highlight the Static Structural branch. Highlight the pulley pulleys s groove surface. surface RMB > Insert > Bearing Load. From the detail window change to Components and X X = 100 N N

Workshop Supplement

a a.

b. c. d.

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WS4.1-9

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.1 - Environment


10. Apply supports to the assembly:
a. Highlight the mating face on the pump housing (part 1). b. RMB > Insert > Frictionless Support.

Workshop Supplement

a.

b.

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WS4.1-10

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.1 - Environment

Workshop Supplement

Now we will add the frictionless supports to the 8 countersink portions of the mounting holes (shown here). Each of the required surfaces could be selected individually while holding th CTRL key the k however h we will ill use a macro (select ( l t by b size) i ) provided id d with ith the th DS installation. After selecting the initial surface, running the macro finds and selects all surfaces of the same size (area). Note, this macro also works with edges or bodies.

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WS4.1-11

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.1 - Environment


11. Select the countersunk holes (selectbysize macro):
a. Highlight g g 1 of the countersink surfaces (arbitrary). b. Choose Tools > Run Macro . . . and browse to:

Workshop Supplement

a.

C:\Program Files\ANSYSInc\v120\AISOL\DesignSpace\DSPages\macros c. In the browser choose selectBySize.js d. Click Open

c.

b.

d d.
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WS4.1-12

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.1 - Environment


12. Constrain the countersunk hole surfaces:
a. From the context menu, click on Supports Supports and choose Frictionless Support or RMB > Insert > Frictionless Support

Workshop Supplement

a.

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WS4.1-13

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.1 - Solution


13. Highlight the Analysis Settings and from the details window change Weak Weak Springs Springs from Program Controlled to Off.
Note : Because of the presence of frictionless supports non bonded contact, Workbench-Mechanical will trigger the use of weak springs during the solution. If we know the model is fully constrained we can turn off this function. Before turning off weak springs make SURE that rigid body motion is prevented. Failing to do so can result in an unconverged solution.

Workshop Supplement

13.

14. Solve the model:


Choose solve from the tool bar or RMB Solution branch and choose Solve.

14.

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WS4.1-14

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

Workshop 4.1 Postprocessing


15. Add results to solution:

Workshop Supplement

a. Highlight the solution branch: b From the context menu, b. menu choose Stresses > Equivalent (von (von-Mises) Mises) or RMB > Insert > Stress > Equivalent (von-Mises) c. Repeat the step above, choose Deformation > Total Deformation

Solve again.
Note: adding results and resolving the model will not cause a complete solution to take place. Results are stored in the database and requesting results requires only an update.

b.

c.

a a.
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WS4.1-15

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.1 Postprocessing

Workshop Supplement

While the overall plots can be used as a reality check to verify our loads, the plots are less than ideal since much of the model is only slightly effected by them. them

To improve the quality of results available we will scope results to individual parts.

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WS4.1-16

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.1 Postprocessing


16. Scope the results to individual bodies/surfaces:
a Highlight the Solution a. Solution branch and switch the selection filter to Body select mode. b. Select the impeller (part 2) c RMB c. RMB > Insert > Stress > equivalent (von (von- Mises) Mises)
Notice the detail for the new result indicates a scope of 1 Body.

Workshop Supplement

a.

b.

17. Repeat the procedure above to insert Total Deformation results for the impeller part. 18. Repeat to add individually scoped stress and total deformation results to the pump housing (part 1).

c.

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WS4.1-17

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.1 Postprocessing


19. Rename the new results:

Workshop Supplement

a. RMB on the result > Rename b. Rename the results as shown here to simplify postprocessing

b. a. 20. Solve

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WS4.1-18

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.1 Postprocessing

Workshop Supplement

By checking the impeller deformation we can verify that one of our goals is met. The maximum deformation is approximately 0.024mm (goal < 0 0.075mm). 075mm)

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WS4.1-19

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS4.1: Linear Structural Analysis

. . . Workshop 4.1 Postprocessing

Workshop Supplement

Inspection of the housing stress shows that, overall, the stress levels are below the materials elastic limit (tensile yield = 25 MPa). We could again use scoping to isolate the results in the area of interest interest.

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WS4.1-20

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Workbench - Mechanical Introduction 12.0

Workshop 5.2 Pre-Stressed Vibration Analysis

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WS5.2-1

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.2: Pre-Stressed Vibration Analysis

Workshop 5.2 - Goals

Workshop Supplement

Our goal is to simulate the modal response of the tension link (shown below) in both a stressed and unstressed state. Specifically, S f we will load the link with a 4000 N tensile load and compare the natural frequency to that of the unloaded component.

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WS5.2-2

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.2: Pre-Stressed Vibration Analysis

Workshop 5.2 Project Schematic


1. Double click Static Structural in the Toolbox to create a new system.

Workshop Supplement

1.

2. Drag/drop a Modal system onto the Solution cell of the static structural system.

2.

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WS5.2-3

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.2: Pre-Stressed Vibration Analysis

. . . Workshop 5.2 Project Schematic

Workshop Supplement

When the schematic is correctly set up it should appear as shown here.

Drop Target

The drop target from the previous page indicates the outcome of the drag g and drop p operation. p Cells A2 thru A4 from system y (A) ( ) are shared by system (B). Similarly the solution cell A6 is transferred to the system B setup. In fact, the structural solution drives the buckling analysis. analysis
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WS5.2-4

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.2: Pre-Stressed Vibration Analysis

. . . Workshop 5.2 Project Schematic Verify:


Project units are set to Metric (kg, mm, s, C, mA, mV). Display Values in Project Units is checked (on).

Workshop Supplement

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WS5.2-5

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.2: Pre-Stressed Vibration Analysis

. . . Workshop 5.2 Project Schematic


3. From the static structural system (A), RMB the Geometry cell and Import Geometry Geometry. Browse to the Import file tension_link.x_t.

Workshop Supplement

3.

4 Double click the Model 4. Model cell to open the Mechanical application.

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WS5.2-6

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.2: Pre-Stressed Vibration Analysis

Workshop 5.2 - Setup


5. Set the working Unit System:
Units > Metric (mm, kg, N, s, mV, mA)

Workshop Supplement

6. Apply supports to the model (highlight Static Structural ( (A5): )


a. Highlight one of the inside faces of one washer RMB > Insert > Fixed Support. b Highlight the face on the rim of the other b. washer RMB > Insert > Frictionless Support.
Fixed Support

5.

a. b.

Frictionless S Support t

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WS5.2-7

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.2: Pre-Stressed Vibration Analysis

Workshop 5.2 - Preprocessing


7. Apply tensile load to the model:
a. Orient the model as necessary and zoom i on the in th inside i id face f of f the th washer h where h the frictionless support is applied to the rim.
Force

Workshop Supplement

b. RMB > Insert > Force. c. In the Details of Force, change to Components Components d. Enter 4000 in the Z component Magnitude field.
Note: depending on your choices for supports the load may need to be defined as 4000 N to put the rod in tension

a.

c. d d.

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WS5.2-8

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.2: Pre-Stressed Vibration Analysis

Workshop 5.2 - Analysis Settings


8. Highlight the modal Solution branch (B6) and Solve.
When solution completes

Workshop Supplement

9. Insert modal results:


a. RMB in the timeline and Select All. b. RMB in the timeline and Create Mode Shape Results.

10. RMB the Solution branch and Evaluate All R Results. lt

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WS5.2-9

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.2: Pre-Stressed Vibration Analysis

Workshop 5.2 Postprocessing

Workshop Supplement

11. Highlight various results to view displaced mode shapes.

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WS5.2-10

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.2: Pre-Stressed Vibration Analysis

Workshop 5.2 Postprocessing

Workshop Supplement

This table illustrates the change in the first natural frequency as the force is increased (note this table is for illustration only and is not part of the workshop) workshop).

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WS5.2-11

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Workbench - Mechanical Introduction 12.0

Workshop 5.1 Free Vibration Analysis

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WS5.1-1

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.1: Basics

Workshop 5.1 - Goals

Workshop Supplement

Our goal is to investigate the vibration characteristics of a motor cover manufactured from 18 gage steel. The cover is to be fastened to a device operating at 1000 Hz Hz.

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WS5.1-2

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.1: Basics

Workshop 5.1 - Assumptions

Workshop Supplement

The cover is meant to slip over a cylinder and be constrained at the bolt hole locations. To simulate the area contacting the cylinder the surface has been split (see below) below). We will use a frictionless support on this surface to simulate the contact area. The frictionless support type applies a constraint that is normal to the surface, thus axial and tangential i l movement is i allowed ll d while hil radial di l motion i is i not.

To simulate the bolted connections a fixed support type will be used on the edges of the bolt holes.

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WS5.1-3

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 5.1 Project Schematic


Open the Project page. From the Units menu verify:

Workshop Supplement

Project units are set to US Customary (lbm, in, s, F, A, lbf, V). Display Values in Project Units is checked (on).

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WS5.1-4

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.1: Basics

Workshop 5.1 Project Schematic


1. From the Toolbox double click Modal to create a new system.

Workshop Supplement

1.

2. RMB the Geometry cell and browse to Motor_cover_5.x_t. _ _ _ 3. Double click Model to open the Mechanical application. application

2. 3.

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WS5.1-5

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.1: Basics

Workshop 5.1 - Setup


4. Set the working Unit System:
Units > U.S Customary (in, lbm, lbf, F, s, V, A)

Workshop Supplement

5. Rename the Model:


RMB Model branch > Rename > 5 Hole Cover.

4.

5.

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WS5.1-6

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.1: Basics

Workshop 5.1 - Preprocessing


Since the model consists of surface geometry the parts will be meshed with shell elements. Surface geometry requires input for thickness in the details details.

Workshop Supplement

a a.

6. Specify Part thickness:


a. Highlight the Part 1 branch.
Note : The Thickness field is currently displayed in yellow to indicate it is undefined. Also, the Part has a question mark next to it which means that it is not fully defined

b. Click in the Thickness field and set Thickness Thickness = 0.05 in.
Note : Entering a thickness for the part changes the status icon from a question mark to a check mark meaning that it is now fully defined.

b.

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WS5.1-7

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.1: Basics

Workshop 5.1 - Environment


7. Apply supports to model (highlight the Modal branch (A5):
a. M Make k sure th that t you are in i Face F Select S l t Mode. M d Select the cylindrical split face, RMB > Insert > Frictionless Support

Workshop Supplement

a.

b. Switch to Edge Select mode and select the edges for each of the 5 holes, RMB > Insert > Fixed Support S pp

b.

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WS5.1-8

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.1: Basics

Workshop 5.1 Analysis Settings


8. Set Options for Modal Analysis:
a. Highlight Analysis Settings to set the Max modes to Find Find (defaults to 6 modes) modes).

Workshop Supplement

a.

As a final check verify the status symbols next to the branches. All branches should have either: Yellow Lightening bolt (ready to be solved). Green check mark (fully defined).

9.

Solve the model. 9 9.

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WS5.1-9

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.1: Basics

Workshop 5.1 - Results


10. Select Mode shapes to view:

Workshop Supplement

a. Click on the Solution branch (A6). This will display the Timeline and d the th Tabular T b l Data D t showing h i a summary of f the th frequencies f i at t which hi h the modes occur. b. In the Timeline RMB > Select All to select all modes.
Note : This can be done from the Tabular Data as well.

c. RMB > Create Mode Shape Results. d. Click Solve to view the results.

d.

c. a.
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b b.
WS5.1-10
May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS5.1: Basics

. . . Workshop 5.1 - Results


View Results (highlight the desired mode):

Workshop Supplement

Note : Displacements reported in mode shapes do not reflect the actual displacements. Actual displacements will depend on the energy input to the system.

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WS5.1-11

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Workbench - Mechanical Introduction 12.0

Workshop 6.1 Steady State Thermal Analysis

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WS6.1-1

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.1 - Goals

Workshop Supplement

In this workshop we will analyze the pump housing shown below for its heat transfer characteristics. Specifically S f a plastic and an aluminum version of f the housing will be analyzed using the same boundary conditions. Ou Our goal goa is s to compare co pa e the t e thermal t e a results esu ts for o each eac co configuration. gu at o

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WS6.1-2

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.1 - Assumptions

Workshop Supplement

Assumptions: The pump housing is mounted to a pump which is held at a constant 60 C. C We assume the mating f face on the pump is also held at this temperature. The e interior te o su surfaces aces o of t the e pu pump pa are e held e d at a co constant sta t te temperature pe atu e of 90 C by the fluid. The exterior surfaces are modeled using a simplified convection correlation for stagnant air at 20 C. C

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WS6.1-3

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.1 Project Schematic Open the Project page. From the Units menu verify:
Project units are set to Metric (kg, mm, s, C, mA, mV). Display Values in Project Units is checked (on).

Workshop Supplement

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WS6.1-4

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.1 Project Schematic


1. From the Toolbox, double click Steady-State Thermal to create a new Steady State Thermal system.

Workshop Supplement

1.

2. RMB the Geometry cell and Import p Geometry y browse to the file: Pump_housing.x_t

2.

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WS6.1-5

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.1 Project Schematic


3. Double click Engineering Data to access material properties. 3.

Workshop Supplement

4. With General Materials highlighted click the + next to Aluminum Alloy and Polyethylene properties to add them to the project. p j

5. Return to Project. 4. 5 5.
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WS6.1-6

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.1 Project Schematic


6. Drag/drop a Steady State Thermal system onto the Geometry cell in the first system.
Prior to releasing the new system the drop box should indicate cells A2 and A3 will be shared

Workshop Supplement

6.

When complete the schematic should graphically g p y indicate this data sharing as shown here (we now have 2 systems, A and B).
WS6.1-7
May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.1 Project Schematic


7. Double click the Model cell in the first (A) system to open the Mechanical application. application

Workshop Supplement

7.

8. From the Units menu choose:


Metric (mm, kg, N, s, mV, mA) Celsius (For Metric Systems) Systems) Celsius

8.

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WS6.1-8

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.1 Preprocessing


9. Change the material and mesh on the pump housing (Part 1):
a. Hi Highlight hli ht Part P t 1 under d geometry. t b. From details import the material polyethylene. c. Highlight the Mesh branch and set the mesh relevance = 100.

Workshop Supplement

a.

b.

c.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS6.1-9

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.1 - Environment


10. Apply temperatures (highlight the Steady State Thermal branch):
a Select the interior surfaces (13 a. faces) of the pump housing (hint: use
Extend To Limits selection feature).

Workshop Supplement

a.

b.

b. RMB > Insert > Temperature. c. Set Magnitude field to 90 C.

d. Select the mating surface of the pump housing. e. RMB > Insert > Temperature. f. Set Magnitude field to 60 C.

c. e.

f f.
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d.
May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS6.1-10

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

. . . Workshop 6.1 - Environment


11. Apply Convection:
a. Select the exterior (32) surfaces of the pump housing (hint: use extend to limits). limits) b. RMB > Insert > Convection. c. In the Details of Convection click in the Film Coefficient field and choose Import . . . . Be sure to choose import for convections. d. Import the correlation S Stagnant Air Simplified Case. e. Set the Ambient Temperature field to 20 C.

Workshop Supplement

a.

b.

c c. d. e.
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WS6.1-11

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.1 Solution Model A

Workshop Supplement

12. 12. Solve the model. 13. When the solution is complete insert Temperature and Total Heat Flux results (solve ( to evaluate results). ) 13. Results for polyethylene model.

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WS6.1-12

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.1 Model B Setup


14. From the project schematic double click the Model branch in system B B to open a second Mechanical application window.

Workshop Supplement

14.
Repeat steps 9 (a thru c) choosing h i Aluminum Al i Alloy. Repeat steps 10 and 11 to apply the same boundary conditions on Model B. Repeat steps 12 and 13 to solve and view results for model B.
WS6.1-13
May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.1 Solution Model B


Results for aluminum alloy model.

Workshop Supplement

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WS6.1-14

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS6.1: Steady State Thermal Analysis

. . . Workshop 6.1 Postprocessing

Workshop Supplement

Compare Heat Flux:


Highlight the Total Heat Flux results from each model and switch to vector t di display l mode. d
Activate vector display Control vector density

Polyethylene y y

Aluminum

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WS6.1-15

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Workbench - Mechanical Introduction 12.0

Workshop 7 Linear Buckling Analysis

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WS7.1-1

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

Workshop 7.1 - Goals

Workshop Supplement

The goal in this workshop is to verify linear buckling results in ANSYS Workbench. Results will be compared to closed form calculations from a handbook handbook. Next we will apply an expected load of 10,000 lbf to the model and determine its factor of safety. Finally we will verify that the structure will not fail structurally before buckling occurs.

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WS7.1-2

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

Workshop 7.1 - Assumptions

Workshop Supplement

The model is a steel pipe that is assumed to be fixed at one end and free at the other with a purely compressive load applied li d t to th the free f end. d Di Dimensions i and d properties ti of f th the pipe are: OD = 4.5 in ID = 3.5 in. E = 30e6 p psi, , I = 12.7 in^4, , L = 120 in. In this case we assume the pipe conforms to the following handbook formula where P is the critical load:

EI P' = K 2 L
2
For the case of a fixed / free beam the parameter K = 0.25.

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WS7.1-3

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

. . . Workshop 7.1 - Assumptions

Workshop Supplement

Using the formula and data from the previous page we can predict di t the th buckling b kli load l d will ill be: b

2 30e6 12.771 P ' = 0.25 = 65648.3lbf 2 (120)

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WS7.1-4

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

Workshop 7.1 Project Schematic


1. Double click Static Structural in the Toolbox to create a new system.

Workshop Supplement

1.

2. Drag/drop a Linear Buckling system onto the Solution cell of the static structural system.

2.

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WS7.1-5

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

. . . Workshop 7.1 Project Schematic

Workshop Supplement

When the schematic is correctly set up it should appear as shown here.

Drop Target

The drop target from the previous page indicates the outcome of the drag g and drop p operation. p Cells A2 thru A4 from system y (A) ( ) are shared by system (B). Similarly the solution cell A6 is transferred to the system B setup. In fact, the structural solution drives the buckling analysis. analysis
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WS7.1-6

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

. . . Workshop 7.1 Project Schematic

Workshop Supplement

Verify that the Project units are set to US Customary (lbm, in, s, F, A, lbf, V). Verify f units are set to Display Values in Project Units.

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WS7.1-7

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

. . . Workshop 7.1 Project Schematic


3. From the static structural system (A), double click the Engineering Data cell. 3.

Workshop Supplement

4. To o match atc t the e hand a d ca calculations cu at o s referenced earlier, change the Youngs modulus of the structural steel.

a. Hi Highlight hli ht E Engineering i i Data. D t b. Highlight Structural Steel. c. Expand Isotropic Elasticity and modify Young Youngs s Modulus to 3 3.0E7 0E7 psi. psi
Note : changing this property from Engineering Data does not effect the stored value for St t l Steel Structural St l in i the th General G l Material M t i l library. lib To save a material for future use we would Export the properties as a new material to the material library. Since we only need the value for this workshop we will not do that in this case case.

a.

b.

c.
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WS7.1-8

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

. . . Workshop 7.1 Project Schematic


5. From the static structural system (A), RMB the Geometry cell and Import Geometry Geometry. Browse to the file Pipe.x_t.

Workshop Supplement

5.

6. Double click the Model cell to start Mechanical. 6.

When the Mechanical application pp opens p the tree will reflect the setup from the project schematic.
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS7.1-9

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

Workshop 7.1 - Preprocessing


7. Set the working unit system to the U.S. customary system:
a. U.S. US C Customary t (i (in, lb lbm, psi, i F, F s, V, V A). A)

Workshop Supplement

8. Apply constraints to the pipe:


a. Highlight g g the Static Structural branch (A5). ( ) b. Select the surface on one end of the pipe. c. RMB > Insert > Fixed Support.

a.

b b. a. c.

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WS7.1-10

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

Workshop 7.1 - Environment


9. Add buckling loads: a. a. Select the surface on the opposite end of the pipe f from the th fixed fi d support. t b. RMB > Insert > Force. c. In the force detail change the Define by field to Components. d. In the force detail enter 1 in the Magnitude field for the Z Component.

Workshop Supplement

b.

c. d.

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WS7.1-11

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

. . . Workshop 7.1 - Environment


10. Solve the model:
a. Highlight the Solution branch for the Linear B kli analysis Buckling l i (B6) and d Solve. S l
Note, this will automatically trigger a solve for the static structural analysis above it.

Workshop Supplement

11 When 11. Wh the th solution l ti completes: l t


a. Highlight the buckling Solution branch (B6).
The Timeline graph and the Tabular Data will display the 1st buckling mode (more modes can be requested).

a a.

b. RMB in the Timeline and choose Select All. c. RMB > Create Mode Shape Results (this will add a Total Deformation branch to the tree).

c. a. b b.
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WS7.1-12

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

Workshop 7.1 - Results Click Solve to view the first mode

Workshop Supplement

Recall that we applied a unit (1) force thus the result compares well with our closed form calculation of 65648 lbf.
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WS7.1-13

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

. . . Workshop 7.1 - Results


12. Change the force value to the expected load (10000 lbf):
a. Hi Highlight hli ht the th Force F under d the th Static St ti Structural (A5) branch b. In the details, change the Z Component of the force to 10000.

Workshop Supplement

11a 11a.

13. Solve:
a. Highlight the Linear Buckling Solution branch (B6), RMB and Solve.

12a.

11b.
May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS7.1-14

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

. . . Workshop 7.1 - Results

Workshop Supplement

When the solution completes note the Load Multiplier field now shows a value of 6.56. Since we now have a real world load applied the load multiplier is interpreted as the buckling factor of applied, safety for the applied load.

Given that we have already calculated a buckling load of 65600 lbf, the result is obviously trivial (65600 / 10000). It is shown here only for completeness.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS7.1-15

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

Workshop 7.1 - Verification

Workshop Supplement

A final step in the buckling analysis is added here as a best practices exercise. We have already predicted the expected buckling load and calculated the t e factor acto o of sa safety ety for o ou our e expected pected load. oad The e results esu ts so far a O ONLY indicate results as they relate to buckling failure. To this point we can say nothing about how our expected load will affect the stresses and deflections in the structure structure. As a final check we will verify that the expected load (10000 lbf) will not cause excessive stresses or deflections before it is reached.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS7.1-16

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

. . . Workshop 7.1 - Verification


14. Review Stresses for 10,000lbf load:
a. Highlight the Solution branch under the St ti Structural Static St t l environment i t (A6). (A6) b. RMB > Insert > Stress > Equivalent Von Mises Stress. c. RMB > Insert > Deformation > Total. d. Solve.

Workshop Supplement

a.

b.

c.

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WS7.1-17

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS7.1: Linear Buckling

. . . Workshop 7.1 - Verification

Workshop Supplement

A quick check of the stress results shows the model as loaded is well within the mechanical limits of the material being used (Engineering Data shows compressive yield = 36 36,259 259 psi) psi). As stated, this is not a required step in a buckling analysis but should be regarded as good engineering practice.

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WS7.1-18

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Workbench - Mechanical Introduction 12.0

Workshop 8.1 Results Processing

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS8.1-1

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

Workshop 8.1 - Goals

Workshop Supplement

In this workshop a high pressure vent assembly is analyzed for stress and deflection. Some S of f the results f from the analysis will be difficult ff to interpret if f all bodies are active during postprocessing. Our goal is to isolate parts of the model and use some of the advanced Workbench-Mechanical features for postprocessing.

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WS8.1-2

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

Workshop 8.1 - Assumptions

Workshop Supplement

We will assume that gas is being vented through the inlet pipe into the expansion chamber. Inside the chamber the pressure drops to 20% of the inlet pressure. pressure The expansion chamber is rigidly mounted to the inlet thus we will leave this contact region defined as bonded. The support bracket allows limited movement to the pipe so no separation contact will be used here.
See the contact description on the next page. page

The inlet pipe and bracket are modeled using structural steel while the expansion chamber is Polyethylene.

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WS8.1-3

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

Workshop 8.1 Part/Contact Description


Expansion Chamber

Workshop Supplement

Bonded Contact Support Bracket

No Separation Contact

Inlet Pipe

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WS8.1-4

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

Workshop 8.1 Project Schematic Open the Project page. From the Units menu verify:
Project units are set to Metric (kg, mm, s, C, mA, mV). Display Values in Project Units is checked (on).

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS8.1-5

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

Workshop 8.1 Project Schematic


1. From the Toolbox double click Static Structural to create a new system. system

Workshop Supplement

1.

2. Double click Engineering g g Data to access material properties.

2.
3. From General Materials Click the + next to Polyethylene to add this material to the current system.

3.
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WS8.1-6

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

. . . Workshop 8.1 Project Schematic


4. Return to Project.

Workshop Supplement

4 4.

5 RMB the geometry cell and Import 5. Geometry and browse to Pressure_System.x_t.

5.

6. Double click the Model cell to open the Mechanical application.

6.

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WS8.1-7

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

Workshop 8.1 - Preprocessing


7. Set the working unit system:
Units > Metric (mm, kg, N, s, mV, mA).

Workshop Supplement

7. 8. Change materials on the expansion chamber:


a. Highlight the part in the tree. b. In the detail window click in the material field and change the material assignment to Polyethylene.

a. b.

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WS8.1-8

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

. . . Workshop 8.1 Preprocessing


9. Modify the bracket to pipe contact behavior:

Workshop Supplement

a. Highlight Contact Region 2 in the Connections branch. b. In the details window change the contact Type to No Separation.

a. b.

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WS8.1-9

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

Workshop 8.1 - Environment


10. Apply the pressure load to the pipe:
a. Highlight the Static Structural (A5) branch. branch b. Select the 5 interior surfaces of the pipe (hint :use Extend to limits). c. RMB RMB > Insert > Pressure. Pressure . d. Enter a magnitude of 1MPa

Workshop Supplement

a.

c. b.

d.

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WS8.1-10

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

. . . Workshop 8.1 - Environment


11. Apply the pressure load to the expansion chamber:
a. Select the 3 interior surfaces of the expansion chamber.

Workshop Supplement

Note N t : using i th the selection l ti planes, l the th status t t bar b and d the th CTRL k key will ill simplify i lif thi this selection. l ti Alternately select the expansion chamber and RMB > Hide All Other Bodies.

b. RMB > Insert > Pressure. c. Enter E a M Magnitude i d of f 0.2MPa. 0 2MP

b.

a.

c.
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WS8.1-11

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

. . . Workshop 8.1 - Environment


12. Apply constraints to the pipe:
a. Select the end surface of the pipe.
RMB > Insert > Fixed Support. S

Workshop Supplement

a.

13. Apply pp y constraints to the bracket mounting hole:


a. Select the surface of the cylinder in the bracket. b. RMB > Insert > Cylindrical Support (leave default fixed, fixed, fixed).

a.

b.
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WS8.1-12

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

. . . Workshop 8.1 - Environment


14. Apply constraints to the bracket back:
a. S Select l t the th back b k face f of f the th bracket. b k t b. RMB > Insert > Frictionless Support.

Workshop Supplement

a.

14 Solve the model: 14.


a. Click Solve.

b.

a a.
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WS8.1-13

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

Workshop 8.1 - Solution


16. View Results:
a. b. c. d. Highlight the Solution branch (A6). RMB > Insert > Stress > Equivalent Von Mises Stress. RMB > Insert > Deformation > Total. Solve.

Workshop Supplement

a.

c. b.

d.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS8.1-14

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

Workshop 8.1 - Results

Workshop Supplement

When the solution is complete, highlight the 2 result objects and view them. Notice the total deformation plot contains very little detail for the inlet pipe and support bracket parts of the assembly assembly.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS8.1-15

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

. . . Workshop 8.1 - Results

Workshop Supplement

17. Scope a new total deformation to the expansion chamber:


a. Highlight the Solution branch (A6). b. Switch to body select mode and highlight the expansion chamber in the graphics window. c. RMB > Insert > Deformation > Total.
Repeat insert Stress > Equivalent (von-Mises) Stress.

Repeat the above steps for the two remaining parts in the model. Solve again to update the new result objects objects. c. a. b.

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WS8.1-16

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

. . . Workshop 8.1 - Results

Workshop Supplement

Compare the overall result to the individual ones (as shown below). Note the increased detail shown in the individually scoped plots.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS8.1-17

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

. . . Workshop 8.1 - Results


18. Add a section plane:

Workshop Supplement

a. Select the stresses scoped to the expansion chamber then reorient the model d l to t look l k into i t the th Z axis i as shown h below. b l
Note : the triad at the bottom of the screen can be convenient to reorient the model.

b. Click on the New Section Plane icon and hold down the left mouse b tt and button d draw d a line li down d the th center t of f the th plot. l t
Note: A Section Planes box is now inserted showing all of the section planes defined.

b. a a.

New Section Plane Delete Section Plane

Show Whole Sh Wh l Elements

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WS8.1-18

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

. . . Workshop 8.1 - Results


Rotate the model to view the section plane.

Workshop Supplement

By Highlighting the section plane and clicking on one of the dashed lines on either end of the handle that appears, appears you can activate the result plot on either side of the section plane. Note the dashed line then becomes solid. This is a toggle control. The blue square at the center of the handle allows the plane to be dragged.

Handle
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WS8.1-19

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

Workshop 8.1 Section Plane Notes


You may create as many section planes as desired and each can be edited individually. This can be useful for things like plotting a quarter section of a result. To hide a Section Plane, uncheck the box next to it in the Section Planes window To switch from section plane view back to the exterior view view, drop down geometry type icon and return to an exterior plot. The section plane(s) remains in its current location and can be reactivated whenever desired desired. Figures which contain section planes will display section planes regardless of the setting of the geometry icon.

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS8.1-20

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS8.1: Results Processing

. . . Workshop 8.1 - Results


19. Switch to IsoSurfaces display:

Workshop Supplement

a. Change the plot type from Slice Planes to Exterior and plot the T t l Deformation Total D f ti result lt for f the th support t bracket. b k t b. Next, change to the IsoSurfaces display type.

b. a.

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WS8.1-21

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

Workbench - Mechanical Introduction 12.0

Workshop 9.1 Parameter Management

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS9.1-1

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

Workshop 9.1 Goals

Workshop Supplement

Goal: Use the Workbench Parameter Manager (available from the Project page) ) to setup multiple scenarios and solve all at one time.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS9.1-2

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

. . . Workshop 9.1 Project Schematic Open the Project page. From the Units menu verify:
Project units are set to Metric (kg, mm, s, C, mA, mV). Display Values in Project Units is checked (on).

Workshop Supplement

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS9.1-3

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

Workshop 9.1 Project Schematic


1. From the Toolbox double click Static Structural to create a new system. system

Workshop Supplement

1.

2. RMB the geometry cell and Import Geometry and browse to L Lever.x_t. t

2.

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WS9.1-4

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

Workshop 9.1 - Preprocessing


3. Double click the Model cell to open the Mechanical application. 3.

Workshop Supplement

4. Set the working unit system:


Units Units > Metric (mm, kg, N, s, mV, mA). mA) .

4.

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WS9.1-5

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

Workshop 9.1 - Environment


5. Apply constraints to the model (highlight Static Structural branch (A5):
a. Select the surface of the large g hole. b. RMB > Insert > Cylindrical Support. c. In the detail window change the Tangential constraint to Free. d. Highlight the bottom face of the vertical cylinder. e. RMB > Insert > Fixed Support.

Workshop Supplement

a.

b. e. d. c.

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WS9.1-6

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

. . . Workshop 9.1 - Environment


6. Apply Loads to the model:
a. Select the surface of the smaller hole shown below. b. RMB > Insert > Bearing Load. c. In the Details of Bearing Load, switch to the component method. d. Enter a magnitude of 5000 N in the Y direction. e. Toggle the P next to Y Component to flag the load as parametric.

Workshop Supplement

c. d.

a.

b.

e.

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WS9.1-7

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

Workshop 9.1 Boundary Conditions

Workshop Supplement

Highlight the Static Structural (A5) branch to review loads and constraints.

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WS9.1-8

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

Workshop 9.1 Solution Setup


7. Insert Results (highlight Solution branch (A6):
a. RMB > I Insert t > Stress St > Equivalent (von Mises). b. RMB > Insert > Deformation > Total.

Workshop Supplement

a.

b.

8. In each result detail, flag the Maximum result as a parameter by toggling the P on.

8 8.
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WS9.1-9

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

Workshop 9.1 Material Parameters


9. Return to the Project Schematic and launch the Engineering Data application:
a. Double D bl click li k the th Engineering E i i Data D t cell. ll

Workshop Supplement

a a.

10. In Engineering g g Data click on the parameter p check box beside the material property to make them parametric:
a. Young a Youngs s Modulus Modulus. b. Density.

Note: if the Properties window is not displayed, go to the View menu and toggle on Properties.

a. b.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS9.1-10

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

Workshop 9.1 Parameter Management


11. Access the Parameter Set:
a. Return to Project. b. Double click Parameter Set

Workshop Supplement

a.

As seen below parameter management incorporates p a number of windows. Well look at each separately

b.

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WS9.1-11

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

. . . Workshop 9.1 Parameter Management


The Outline window contains a list of all parameters (input and output) defined in a project. If charts have been saved they are seen here too. The Properties window will contain the details for the item highlighted in the outline above. Here parameter P3 P3 has been chosen. N Note, t d depending di on the th order you chose parameters your numbers (P1, P2, etc.) may differ from what is shown.
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

Workshop Supplement

WS9.1-12

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

. . . Workshop 9.1 Parameter Management

Workshop Supplement

The Table of Design Points contains a complete list of all parametric scenarios that have been defined. In figure A only the original parameter values have been defined while figure B shows several design points have been defined.

Figure A.

Figure B.
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS9.1-13

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

. . . Workshop 9.1 - Parameters

Workshop Supplement

12. Enter values for the bearing load, density and Youngs modulus as shown below.

12.

13 U 13. Update d t All Design D i Points P i t will ill instruct i t t Mechanical M h i l to t execute t a solve for each scenario in the Design Point table. 13.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS9.1-14

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

. . . Workshop 9.1 - Parameters

Workshop Supplement

Once the update process begins a message will appear as shown here. In fact the Mechanical application window will close during the update process. process This is normal normal.

When the updates are complete the table will show calculated values for all output parameters.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS9.1-15

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

. . . Workshop 9.1 - Parameters


14. Create a chart showing total deformation variation for each design point:
a. Highlight parameter P2 in the Outline. b. Double click the Design Points Vs P2 choice in the Toolbox.

Workshop Supplement

a.

b.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS9.1-16

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594

WS9.1: Parameter Management

. . . Workshop 9.1 - Parameters


15. Create a chart showing all parameters in parallel: a. Double click Parameters Parallel Chart (all). a.

Workshop Supplement

Top p and bottom values on the chart indicate the range relative to each parameter

Each color coded line on the plot represents one of the design points points. Individual parameters are displayed along the bottom of the chart.
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS9.1-17

May 5, 2009 Inventory #002594