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Annotated Bibliography Primary Sources: "Andrew Jackson Speaks: Indian Removal Policy :: Tracking Westward Expansion t!

e Trail o" Tears :: #ritical T!inkers$" Andrew Jackson Speaks: Indian Removal Policy :: Tracking Westward Expansion t!e Trail o" Tears :: #ritical T!inkers$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ () %ov$ *+(,$ T!is is a -.ote stated 'y Andrew Jackson$ /.ring t!is time& !e appears to s.pport Indian rig!ts$ T!is& !owever& wo.ld c!ange rapidly$ It was .sed on t!e "0and Rig!ts" page$ "#!erokee %ation v$ State o" 1eorgia$" #!erokee %ation v$ State o" 1eorgia$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ +* 2ar$ *+(3$ T!is is a -.ote stated 'y #!ie" J.stice Jo!n 2ars!all$ It said t!at t!e #!erokee were not a "oreign nation& and t!eir rig!ts to s.e in co.rt were denied& allowing land cessions to contin.e$ It was .sed on t!e "#!erokee %ation v$ 1eorgia" page$ "/igital 4istory$" /igital 4istory$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ +* 5e'$ *+(3$ T!is -.ote was stated 'y Edward Everett$ It proves t!at Andrew Jackson was most likely aware o" t!e severe conse-.ences t!at !is actions wo.ld !ave$ It was .sed on t!e "%at.ral Rig!ts" page$ "Jo!n 6.rnett7s Story o" t!e Trail o" Tears$" Jo!n 6.rnett7s Story o" t!e Trail o" Tears$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ +) 5e'$ *+(3$ T!is -.ote was stated 'y Jo!n 6.rnett$ It descri'es t!e Trail o" Tears$ It was .sed on t!e "%at.ral Rig!ts" page$ "%ative 4istory: Ina.g.ral Edition o" 7#!erokee P!oenix7 P.'lis!ed 8 I#T2%$com$" Indian #o.ntry Today 2edia %etwork$com$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ () 5e'$ *+(3$ T!is is a pict.re o" t!e #!erokees9 own newspaper& T!e #!erokee P!oenix$ It was .sed "or t!e :#ivil Rig!ts; page$ "T!e American Presidency: A 1lorio.s 6.rden$" T!e American Presidency: A 1lorio.s 6.rden$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ (< /ec$ *+(,$ T!is is a political cartoon t!at depicts Andrew Jackson as :king;$ It was .sed "or t!e "0and Rig!ts" page$ "T!e American Presidency: A 1lorio.s 6.rden$" T!e American Presidency: A 1lorio.s 6.rden$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ *= Jan$ *+(3$ T!is is a caricat.re o" President A%drew Jackson t!at s!ows !ow !e "elt like t!e :protector; o" t!e Indians$ It also somew!at s!ows !ow !e 'elieved t!ey were "in"erior"$ #onsider t!e "act t!at t!e Indians in t!e cartoon are m.c! smaller t!an !im$ It was .sed "or t!e :0and Rig!ts; page$ "Trail o" Tears %ational 4istoric Trail$" 4ome$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ *= Jan$ *+(3

T!is is a -.ote in regards to t!e political cartoon a'ove$ It proves !ow President Andrew Jackson 'e!aved as a "king" 'y giving t!e removal order wit!o.t congressional consent$ It was .sed on t!e "0and Rig!ts" page$ "Transcript o" President Andrew Jackson7s 2essage to #ongress 7>n Indian Removal7 ?(<,+@$" Transcript o" President Andrew Jackson7s 2essage to #ongress 7>n Indian Removal7 ?(<,+@ ?print8"riendly Aersion@$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ (+ 5e'$ *+(3$ T!is -.ote& stated 'y Andrew Jackson& proves t!e 'elie" people !ad d.ring t!e time: "Indians were savages w!o !indered t!e progress o" w!ite Americans"$ It was .sed on t!e "#ivil Rig!ts" page$ "Transcript o" President Andrew Jackson7s 2essage to #ongress 7>n Indian Removal7 ?(<,+@$" >.r /oc.ments 8$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ +* 5e'$ *+(3$ Andrew Jackson stated t!is -.ote$ It s!ows !is cr.elty$ T!is was .sed on t!e "%at.ral Rig!ts" page$ "Transcript o" President Andrew Jackson7s 2essage to #ongress 7>n Indian Removal7 ?(<,+@$" >.r /oc.ments 8$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ *= Jan$ *+(3$ T!is is a -.ote 'y Andrew Jackson in regards to t!e caricat.re o" "1reat 5at!er"$ It explains !ow !e 'elieved !e was t!eir protector$ It was .sed on t!e "0and Rig!ts" page$ "Transcript o" President Andrew Jackson7s 2essage to #ongress 7>n Indian Removal7 ?(<,+@$" >.r /oc.ments 8$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ *B %ov$ *+(,$ T!is was a -.ote stated 'y Andrew Jackson on !is message to #ongress regarding t!e Indian Removal$ It gives !is reasons as to w!y t!e act s!o.ld 'e passed$ It was .sed "or t!e :Rig!ts A'.ses; page$ "Welcome to >.r/oc.ments$gov$" Welcome to >.r/oc.ments$gov$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ (= Jan$ *+(3$ T!ese are p!otograp!s o" t!e doc.ments "rom Andrew Jackson9s message to #ongress on Indian Removal$ It was .sed on t!e "Rig!ts A'.ses" page$ "Welcome to >.r/oc.ments$gov$" Welcome to >.r/oc.ments$gov$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ (+ 5e'$ *+(3$ T!is -.ote comes "rom Andrew Jackson7s message to #ongress on t!e Indian Removal Act$ It s!ows !ow !e t!o.g!t o" Indians as "savages"$ It was .sed on t!e "#ivil Rig!ts" page$ "Worcester v$ 1eorgia$" P6S$ P6S& n$d$ We'$ (= %ov$ *+(,$ T!is is a -.ote stated 'y #!ie" J.stice Jo!n 2ars!all$ In t!is -.ote& !e con"irms t!at t!e #!erokee !ave sovereign power& t!.s can r.le t!eir own land$ T!is was said in t!e case o" Worcester v$ 1eorgia$ It was .sed on t!e "0and Rig!ts" page$ Secondary Sources:

"*+(+ 2arks %ew Ec!ota Treaty7s ()Bt! Anniversary$" !ttp:CCwww$c!erokeep!oenix$org$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ +* 2ar$ *+(3$ T!is is an ill.stration o" t!e signing o" t!e Treaty o" %ew Ec!ota$ It s!ows 2aDor Ridge signing and a "ew ot!er #!erokee signing t!e treaty$ It was .sed "or t!e :Treaty o" %ew Ec!ota; page$ "Andrew Jackson$" Andrew Jackson$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ *B %ov$ *+(,$ T!is is simply D.st anot!er pict.re o" President Andrew Jackson$ It was .sed "or t!e :0and Rig!ts; page$ "Art%#$" Andrew Jackson ?()=)8(<3B@$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ (= /ec$ *+(,$ T!is is a pict.re o" Andrew Jackson$ It was .sed "or t!e :#ivil Rig!ts; page$ "#anada& t!e Savage InvaderE" T!e 1lo'alist$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ (B %ov$ *+(,$ T!is is a portrait o" an Indian$ We decided to .se t!is since it some!ow radiated "depression" o" an Idian& w!ic! may potantially ca.se pat!os and appeal to t!e emotions o" t!e viewer$ It was .sed on t!e :T!esis; ta'$ "Edward Everett$" 4arvard Fniversity$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ +, /ec$ *+(,$ T!is is a pict.re o" Edward Everett$ It was .sed "or t!e :%at.ral Rig!ts; page to simply give t!e viewer an idea o" w!at !e looked like$ "5orced 2ove ?Trail o" Tears@" 75orced 2ove?Trail o" Tears@&7 >il Painting 'y 2ax /$ Standley$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ (B %ov$ *+(,$ T!is is a painting representing !ow t!e #!erokee people were "orced o.t o" t!eir !omes$ It was .sed on t!e :T!esis; page$ "1.t!rie& Jo!n$ "#!erokee Indian Art 8 %ative American Art: #!erokee Indian Art 4istory Andstories& T!emes Incl.de t!e Trail o" Tears and >t!er Important Events in #!erokee!istory&native American /olls and 1i"ts$"#!erokee Indian Art 8 %ative American Art: #!erokee Indian Art 4istory Andstories& T!emes Incl.de t!e Trail o" Tears and >t!er Important Events in #!erokee!istory&native American /olls and 1i"ts$ 5ine Art America& *3 J.ly *+(+$ We'$ *= %ov$ *+(,$ T!is is a painting o" T!e Trail o" Tears$ It was .sed "or t!e :%at.ral Rig!ts; page$ "4istory& Travel& Arts& Science& People& Places G Smit!sonian$" 4istory& Travel& Arts& Science& People& Places G Smit!sonian$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ *( %ov$ *+(,$ T!is is simply a pict.re o" Jo!n Ross and 2aDor Ridge$ It was .sed "or t!e :0and Rig!ts; page$ :Jo!n 2ars!all$" Wikipedia$ Wikimedia 5o.ndation& +, J.ly *+(3$ We'$ ** %ov$ *+(,$ T!is is a p!otograp! o" #!ie" J.stice Jo!n 2ars!all$ It was .sed "or t!e :0and Rig!ts; page$ "State 1.est 6edroom$" C Today C Airt.al To.rs C Areas o" t!e 2ansion C T!e People7s 4o.se C 1overnor7s 2ansion C 6.ilding In"ormation C 5acilities

2anagement$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ (B %ov$ *+(,$ T!is is a pict.re o" President Andrew Jackson$ It was .sed on t!e :T!esis; page to simply give t!e viewer an idea o" w!at Andrew Jackson looked like$ "T!e 4ermitage 8 4ome o" President Andrew Jackson$" President Andrew Jackson7s 4ome$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ +B /ec$ *+(,$ T!is is a di""erent pict.re o" Andrew Jackson$ It was .sed "or t!e :%at.ral Rig!ts; page$ "T!e Trail o" Tears Image$" P6S$ P6S& n$d$ We'$ (B /ec$ *+(,$ T!is is a painting o" t!e Trail o" Tears$ It was .sed "or t!e :%at.ral Rig!ts; page$ "Trail >" Tears$" Trail o" Tears$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ +, /ec$ *+(,$ T!is is anot!er depiction o" t!e Trail o" Tears$ It was .sed "or t!e :%at.ral Rig!ts" page$ "Worcester v$ 1eorgia ?(<,*@$" %ew 1eorgia Encyclopedia$ %$p$& n$d$ We'$ () /ec$ *+(,$ T!is is a pict.re o" Sam Worcester$ It was .sed "or t!e :Wocester v$ 1eorgia; page$