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ME 3E05 (2013-2014) Assignment # 1 [1]. (3 marks) A shaft is subjected to an axial load F of 15 kN, a torque T of 400 N.m and a bending moment M of 300 N.m. The diameter d of the shaft is 30 mm. The yield and ultimate strengths of the shaft material are 600 MPa and 780 MPa respectively. Determine the factor of safety based on [a]. Distortion energy (Mises) theory [b]. Maximum shear stress (Tresca) theory.

[2]. (2 marks) A machine has three circular shafts each fillets giving stress concentrations. The ratio of fillet radius to shaft diameter (r/d) is 0.1 for all three shafts. One of the shafts transmits a tensile force, one transmits a bending moment, and one transmits torsion. Because they are stressed exactly to the stress limit ( n 1 ), a design change is proposed doubling the notch radii to get a safety factor greater than 1. How large will the safety factor be for the 3 shafts if the diameter ratio is 2? [3]. (2 marks) A thin-walled cylinder containing pressurized gas is fixed by its two ends between rigid walls. Obtain an expression for the wall reactions in terms of cylinder length, l , wall thickness t, inner radius ri and internal pressure p. Assume that the pressure vessel does not buckle. [4]. (3 marks) This problem has two parts. [i]. A 1 metre inner diameter cylinder container with 2 hemispherical ends is used to transport gas. The internal pressure is 5 MPa and the safety factor is 2.0.Using the maximum shear stress (Tresca) theory, determine the container thickness. Assume that the tangential strains of the cylinder and sphere are equal since they are welded joints. The material properties are, E=200 GPa, S y = 80 MPa, and = 0.3. [ii]. Repeat part [i] for another material with the following properties. E=70 GPa, Sy=80 MPa, and = 0.3.

Bonus Problem - 3 marks) Consider two steel concentric cylinders that are interference fitted such that a tangential residual stress at the inner surface of the outer cylinder of 0.85 S y is created where S y 100 kpsi. The nominal inner radii of the inner and outer cylinders are 2 in and 3 in respectively and the nominal outer radii of the inner and outer cylinders are 3 in and 4 in respectively. Assume Youngs modulus and Poissons ratio of steel of 30,000 kpsi and 0.3 respectively. Determine, [a]. the diametral interference [b]. Consider the following 3 cases and plot the radial and tangential stress distributions across the wall thickness of the composite cylinder. (i). Interference fitted state (with no subsequent internal pressure) (ii). Pressurized state where the composite cylinder is internally pressurized to 69 kpsi. For this case, assume that there is no interference fit (only a smooth slide fit) when assembling the two cylinders. (iii). Two cylinders are interference fitted and then internally pressurized to 69 kpsi. [c]. Tabulate the radial and tangential stress values for all of 3 cases in part [b] (2 separate tables, one for radial and one for tangential) at (i) inner surface of the inner cylinder, (ii) outer surface of the inner cylinder, (iii) inner surface of the outer cylinder, (iv) outer surface of the outer cylinder. Note: Bonus problem will carry 3 additional marks (assignment problems (1-4) together will carry 10 marks). No TA help will be available for the bonus problem. Please submit your bonus problem solution along with the assignment problem solutions. Clearly mark your name and student number on your work

Problems are due by: Friday, January 25th, 4 PM (in the drop off box #7 in JHE 307) TA for grading this assignment is: Fabian Kelch TA Hours: Tuesday, January 21st , and Wednesday, January 22nd , from 2 PM 4PM. Office: JHE326A, Email: kelchf@mcmaster.ca