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THE HINDU IN SCHOOL I TUESDAY I FEBRUARY 25 I 2014 Thought for today 6
THE HINDU IN SCHOOL I
TUESDAY I
FEBRUARY 25 I
2014
Thought for today
6 MELANGE
It does not do to dwell on dreams and forget to
live.
J.K. Rowling
not do to dwell on dreams and forget to live. J.K. Rowling PUZZLE 178 1. Circles

PUZZLE 178

1. Circles of diameter 1 inch and 3 inches have the same centre. The smaller circle is painted red, and the portion outside the smaller circle and inside the larger circle is painted blue. What is the ratio of the blue-painted area to the red-painted area? 2. Which year was celebrated as Internation- al Mathematical Year?

Year.Mathematical

Internationalascelebratedwas2000yearThe2.

theofareaandpi/4=(1/2)^2xpi=circlesmaller

ofareaHencepi.x9/4=(3/2)^2xpi=circlelarger

-circlelargerofarea=portionpaintedbluethe

pi.x2=pi/4-pix9/4=circlesmallerofarea

8.=pi)/(pi/4)x(2=ratiorequiredtheHence

Solution

8.1.

theofArea=portionpaintedredtheofArea

Solution 8.1. theofArea=portionpaintedredtheofArea Jatin Suhas Yadav , Class VI, Fiitjee World School,

Jatin Suhas

Yadav, Class

VI, Fiitjee

World School,

Hyderabad,

was among

those who

answered

correctly. Good

job!

FACE TO FACE

those who answered correctly. Good job! FACE TO FACE   MAGIC SQUARE PUZZLE P   U
 

MAGIC SQUARE PUZZLE

P

P  
 

U

Z

Z

L

E

178

Fill the empty cells using numbers from 1 to 64 each only once such that

 

1) Each row, column and two main diagonals of each 4x4 sub square gives the magic sum of 130. 2) Each 2 x 2 square marked in the same colour gives the sum of 130. 3) The center 2 x 2 marked in black border in each 4x4 sub square gives a sum of 130. 4) Group of cells in boxes within dotted lines is a cage. Cage sum is mentioned at the top in respective colours.

S

S  
 

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ww.magiicsquarepuzzles.com(9840662780)

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178

He is a former President who has the distinction of

having been ousted twice from Presidency,

second time just last week. Can you identify him?

the

Hint: Take a look at today's World page.

Monday's answer: Nicolás Maduro

QWIKIPEDIA

Anjana Krishnan

What is Qwikipedia?

in addition to tennis – the grand slam French Open is held here – and the famous cycling race Tour de France.

Basketball

The game of basketball was origi- nally conceived in Massachusetts, U.S. by a physical trainer of the Youth Men’s Christian Association Train- ing School, in Springfield in 1891. While the sport received wide sup- port at the college level in the U.S. it was not until the 1920s that profes- sionalizing the sport began. By then several teams abounded in the U.S. and in the year 1946 the Basketball Association of America (BAA) was formed. The BAA merged with the National Basketball League in 1949 to form the National Basket- ball Association (NBA) that we know today. Some popular stars in the NBA this season include Kevin Durant, Le- Bron James, Carmelo Anthony and Pau Gasol.

Carmelo Anthony

Nicknamed ‘Melo’, Carmelo An- thony plays for the New York fran- chise called New York Knicks in the NBA. Anthony has been a prolific player in the NBA since he was drafted in the Denver Nuggets team in 2003. In the 2012 London Olympic Games, Anthony scored 37 points in a game against Nigeria breaking the US Men’s Olympic team’s record for the most points in a game.

So the path that we have traversed today is:

US Men’s Olympic team’s record for the most points in a game. So the path that

US Men’s Olympic team’s record for the most points in a game. So the path that

US Men’s Olympic team’s record for the most points in a game. So the path that

Ever been on Wikipedia to look up an article? More often than not, we start with one topic, click on a few links and within no time are reading about something else. Qwikipedia is a game that tries to quench this curi- osity in us. The objective is to get to a partic- ular wiki page, starting from a specif- ic article, using minimal clicks. There is no single correct answer, so we might surprise ourselves by finding new routes each time!

Tuesday’s Traveller

Braille —> Carmelo Anthony

Braille

There is a specific writing system for the visually impaired that was created by Frenchman Louise Braille who became blind after an accident in his childhood. The Braille system, named after him, was based on a system of night writing developed by Charles Barbier who developed it for Napolean’s ar- mies. The system was meant for Na- polean's soldiers to communicate during night time when at war. In 1821, Barbier visited the Royal Institute for the Blind in Paris where he met Louise Braille. Braille pro- posed a series of changes to Barbier’s system to make it easier to under- stand. Over the years, several modifica- tions were made to the system and today Braille is more of an independ- ent system of writing for the visually impaired.

Paris

Braille —> Paris —> Basketball —> Carmelo Anthony Three clicks! Hop over. It’s time for the next question:

Wednesday’s Wanderer

Scooby Doo —> Subhas Chandra Bose Send in your paths for the above to school@thehindu.co.in with the subject “Qwikipedia”. Do include your name, class and school!

with the subject “Qwikipedia”. Do include your name, class and school! PHOTOS: AP, AFP, K. MURALI

PHOTOS: AP, AFP, K. MURALI KUMAR

Situated on River Seine, Paris, the capital city of France is one of the important centres of art, education, culture and history in the world to- day. Its most attractive landmarks are the Louvre Museum, the Eiffel tower (in picture) and the Arc de Triomphe. Football, basketball, rugby are some of the popular sports in the country

Which Harry Potter character are you?

Why are these quizzes so popular?

A book of puzzles

CHENNAI: Pie Mathematics Association, an as- sociation of Math lovers, has recently released a book titled ‘(5+1+2)^3 Charming Puzzles.’ It is a collection of 512 puzzles targeted at stu- dents appearing for various competitive ex- ams. The puzzles cover all branches of basic mathematics. Prof. Ramanujam and Prof. K. Srinivas from the Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Tara- mani, Chennai released the book. It is priced at Rs.100. The association has also published many other books on mathematics – the recent ones being – Engalin Anbar (biography of mathe- matician Ramanujam in Tamil), Mathemat- ical Amusements (a book of puzzles, jokes, quotations and important dates in history) and Engalin Ennangal (amazing facts about numbers, their significance and applications from ancient to modern time).

significance and applications from ancient to modern time). NEW YORK: For a compulsive online quiz-taker like

NEW YORK: For a compulsive online quiz-taker like Chrissy Noh, the temptation was too great to resist — “Which sand- wich are you?” After answering a series of unscientific, seemingly unre- lated questions, which in- cluded selecting her favourite doughnut from a lineup of frosted pastries. And she’s not the only one. Chances are, you’ve been doing it, too. A recent explosion of silly online personality quizzes, most of them created by the young social media mavens at Buzzfeed.com, has everybody talking about which state they really ought to be living in and which Harry Potter character they really are. Experts say

THE WOW COLUMN

the phenomenon isn’t sur- prising given the age-old fas- cination with that central question “Who AM I?” and a desire to compare ourselves with others in a social media- obsessed society. What makes these online quizzes so alluring is that they can be instantaneously shared with hundreds of friends on Facebook for in- stant feedback, says a psy- chology teacher. “In our age, we’re constant- ly reflecting on who we are, and technology has really changed the way we interact. I think we are constantly en- gaging in social comparison and thinking about where we stand.”AP

Understanding poverty

Poverty eradication is one of the foremost issues that concern economists around the world

Tanya Thomas

One of the big moral dilem- mas that governments, and the economists who guide them, have to deal with is inequality. Clearly, no one deserves to be poor. But if you give everybody the same benefits, regardless of what work they do or how well they do it, there is no longer any incentive for people to be efficient. Still, governments must take in- equality very seriously and at least ensure that all its citizens have access to basic rights, like food, health, education and a place to call home. This is especially im- portant in a country like In- dia, where there are more people who struggle to make ends meet than those who are comfortably well-off. Believe it or not, poverty eradication and reducing inequality is a much-debat- ed issue not only in poor countries in Asia and Africa, but even in countries we consider ‘developed’, like those in North America and Europe, even though the poor in the latter countries may be better off than the poor here.

A persistent problem

Because poverty has al- ways been an issue along with economic develop- ment, economists have studied it for long. One way of looking at the problem is from the point of view of the inequality of distribution. That means, you add up all the money earned by people in a country and ask the fol- lowing questions: Does a large portion of the total in- come go to a few rich peo- ple? Or is most of the total income shared by the ma- jority of people? Earlier this month, Chris- tine Lagarde, Managing Di- rector of the International Monetary Fund, made very

THIS WEEK’S QUESTION Find the Gini Coefficients for urban India in 2005 and 2011. Has
THIS WEEK’S QUESTION
Find the Gini Coefficients for urban India
in 2005 and 2011. Has inequality in India
increased or decreased in this period?
LAST WEEK’S ANSWER
What would be the yield if the price of
Company’s A bond (Rs 100) rises to Rs
110?
Ans: The yield would be 9.09 per cent.
{(10/110)*100} = 9.09
PHOTO: K. BHAGYA PRAKASH

important comments about inequality. She said that the richest 85 people in the world own the same amount of wealth as the bottom half of the world's population. In India, she added, the wealth of all our billionaires is now 12 times what they owned 15 years ago. This increase in wealth could have eliminat- ed poverty in India not once, but twice! But the first step in un- derstanding and eliminat- ing poverty is accurately measuring exactly how many poor people there re- ally are, that is, what is a person’s income and wealth. (Income is total amount of cash and benefits

and wealth. (Income is total amount of cash and benefits MONEY MATTERS a person receives in

MONEY MATTERS

a person receives in a year,

including a salary, a govern- ment scholarship for his children or an LPG subsidy. Wealth refers to accumulat- ed income, or the assets a person has, like a house, a bike or a bank deposit.) In India, the Planning Commission draws the pov- erty line based on daily con- sumption. If you live in a village and spend more than Rs 27 a day on your daily needs or live in a city and spend more than Rs 30, the government no longer con- siders you poor.

The Gini coefficient

Obviously, these are ex- tremely low limits for mea- suring poverty. But even

with such low limits, 269 million Indians are still (of- ficially) poor. According to the government’s estimates,

if you randomly pick five In-

dians, at least one of them has less than Rs 27/30 to live on each day. That’s an embarrassing number of poor people for a developing country.

Another way of express- ing this inequality is by us- ing the Gini Coefficient. Created more than a hundred years ago, it reduc- es a lot of data regarding poverty and inequality in a country to a single number. We can then compare the Gini Coefficients of differ- ent countries to see which ones have the most equal or unequal societies. The Gini Coefficient val- ue is in the range of zero to one. If a country has a value of zero, it means the coun- try is perfectly equal and ev- ery citizen has the same income/wealth as every other citizen. A value of one means the country is per- fectly unequal, with all wealth belonging to one person and everybody else being poor. Naturally, all countries have values that

fall between these two ex- tremes, but the higher the number, the more unequal the country is. Got questions on business or economics? Ask tanya.et@thehindu.co.in.

The perfect weight?

Our idea of beauty should not be based on what we see on TV or fashion shows

Megha Bajaj

As teenagers, there is one question we often ask ourselves – are we of the right weight? Are we too thin? Too fat? Or just right? Being on the slim side, I have often wondered if I was perhaps a bit too skinny and looked like a scarecrow. My close friend, a bit on the plump side, constantly worried about being too fat. One day, when my friend and I were studying for exams together, I was cribbing about being too thin and she about being too fat. Sudden- ly we both looked at each other and started laughing. We realised that no matter how much we weighed, it would never seem right. Once she left, I stood in front of the mirror and looked at myself. I thought to myself how in different countries, the definition of ‘perfect weight’ was different. Perhaps, there was no such thing as the perfect weight. Over the next few days as I met people, and interacted with some of them whom I really admired, I real- ized that none of them really fit in to my ‘perfect weight’ categorisation but it never made them look any less beautiful or handsome in my eyes. I realised feeling healthy was impor- tant – doing regular exercise and keeping myself strong – but I

FILE PHOTO: R.RAGU
FILE PHOTO: R.RAGU

shouldn’t have to worry too much about what I weighed. Advertisements, fashion shows and television programmes may cre- ate a very misleading picture of beauty in our minds. Comparing ourselves to these ‘perfect’ people we see on screen is not only silly but a big waste of time. Ever since I real-

ised this, the way I look at myself has changed.

(Megha

Bajaj

is

the

founder

of

Wonder of Words, a 'make a differ-

ence' organisation that aims to

bring excellent life skills and lan- guage skills to adults and children.

to

megha@wonderofwords.org)

To

know

more,

write