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Concepts and Definitions

It is important for the data users to familiarize themselves with the concepts and the definitions of the terms used for proper appreciations of the data contained in this publication. At the same time, it is all the more important to understand the implications of the terms used at the Census of India 2001, for making meaningful comparisons of the similar data generated b various other agencies within the countr and with the data produced b other countries in the world. !he concepts and definitions adopted at the Census of India, 2001 are as given below" 01. #ersons enumerated 02. $ural%&rban Areas 0'. Cit 0(. )ousehold 0*. Institutional )ousehold 0+. )ouseless )ouseholds 0,. )ead of the )ousehold 0-. .cheduled Castes / .cheduled !ribes 00. 1iterates 10. 2ork 11. 3ain 2orkers 12. 3arginal 2orkers 1'. Cultivator 1(. Agricultural 1abourers 1*. )ousehold Industr 2orkers 1+. 4ther 2orkers 1,. 5on 2orkers 1-. .e6 ratio 10. Child .e6 ratio 70%+ ears8 20. 1iterac rate 21. 2ork #articipation $ate 22. 1ocation code structure adopted in Census 2001 2'. 3igration 2(. Abbreviations used for civic status of cities or towns

01. Persons enumerated

9enerall speaking, persons who are present in the household during the entire period of enumeration or who are known to be usual residents of the household and have sta ed there for part of the enumeration period or who are not present at the time of visit of the enumerator but are e6pected to return b 2-th :ebruar , 2001 are eligible to be enumerated. :or the purpose of enumeration the following persons are enumerated in a household" 7i8 All those who normall reside and are present in that household during the entire period of enumeration, i.e. from 0th :ebruar to 2-th :ebruar , 2001 7both da s inclusive8; 7ii8 !hose who are known to be normall residing and had actuall sta ed during a part of the enumeration period in the household 70th :ebruar to 2-th :ebruar , 20018 but are not present at the time of the visit of enumerator. 7iii8 Also those who are known to be normall residing in the household and are not present at the time of the visit but e6pected to return b 2-th :ebruar , 2001; and 7iv8 <isitors who are present in the household censused and e6pected to be awa from the place7s8 of their usual residence during the entire enumeration period. :or the purpose of enumeration such visitors were treated as normal residents of the household where the were actuall found during the enumeration period provided the were not been enumerated elsewhere. In Census, ever person irrespective of age, se6, caste, creed, region, origin or religion is counted onl once, without omission or duplication provided she=he satisfied the criteria of enumeration listed above. :oreigners who are e6pected to sta within the geographical limits of this countr throughout the enumeration period are to be counted wherever the are found, if not enumerated elsewhere. !hose foreigners who are e6pected to sta in India for a part of enumeration period are not eligible for enumeration. It ma also be important to state that the foreigners and their families who were having diplomatic status were not enumerated. >ut Indian nationals emplo ed and sta ing with them were enumerated.


02. Rural-Urban Areas

!he data in the table on :inal #opulation !otals are presented separatel for rural and urban areas. !he unit of classification in this regard is ?town? for urban areas and ?village? for rural areas. In the Census of India 2001, the definition of urban area adopted is as follows" 7a8 All statutor places with a municipalit , corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee, etc. 7b8 A place satisf ing the following three criteria simultaneousl " i8 a minimum population of *,000; ii8 at least ,* per cent of male working population engaged in non%agricultural pursuits; and iii8 a densit of population of at least (00 per s@. km. 71,000 per s@. mile8. :or identification of places which would @ualif to be classified as ?urban? all villages, which, as per the 1001 Census had a population of (,000 and above, a population densit of (00 persons per s@. km. and having at least ,* per cent of male working population engaged in non%agricultural activit were considered. !o work out the proportion of male working population referred to above against b87ii8, the data relating to main workers were taken into account. An &rban Agglomeration is a continuous urban spread constituting a town and its adAoining urban outgrowths 749s8 or two or more ph sicall contiguous towns together and an adAoining urban outgrowths of such towns. B6amples of 49s are railwa colonies, universit campuses, port areas, etc., that ma come up near a cit or statutor town outside its statutor limits but within the revenue limits of a village or villages contiguous to the town or cit . Bach such individual area b itself ma not satisf the minimum population limit to @ualif it to be treated as an independent urban unit but ma deserve to be clubbed with the town as a continuous urban spread. :or the purpose of delineation of &rban Agglomerations during Census of India 2001, following criteria are taken as pre%re@uisites" 7a8 !he core town or at least one of the constituent towns of an urban agglomeration should necessaril be a statutor town; and 7b8 !he total population of all the constituents 7i.e. towns and outgrowths8 of an &rban Agglomeration should not be less than 20,000 7as per the 1001 Census8. 2ith these two basic criteria having been met, the following are the possible different situations in which &rban Agglomerations would be constituted" 7i8 a cit or town with one or more contiguous outgrowths; 7ii8 two or more adAoining towns with their outgrowths; and 7iii8 a cit and one or more adAoining towns with their outgrowths all of which form a continuous spread. 3enu

03. City

!owns with population of 1,00,000 and above are called cities 3enu


A ?household? is usuall a group of persons who normall live together and take their meals from a common kitchen unless the e6igencies of work prevent an of them from doing so. #ersons in a household ma be related or unrelated or a mi6 of both. )owever, if a group of unrelated persons live in a census house but do not take their meals from the common kitchen, then the are not constituent of a common household. Bach such person was to be treated as a separate household. !he important link in finding out whether it was a household or not was a common kitchen. !here ma be one member households, two member households or multi%member households.A household with at least one .cheduled Caste member is treated as .cheduled Caste )ousehold. .imilarl , a household having at least one .cheduled !ribe member is treated as a .cheduled !ribe household.



0". #nstitutional

A group of unrelated persons who live in an institution and take their meals from a common kitchen is called an Institutional )ousehold. B6amples of Institutional )ouseholds are boarding houses, messes, hostels, hotels, rescue homes, Aails, ashrams, orphanages, etc. !o make the definition more clearl perceptible to the enumerators at the Census 2001, it was specificall mentioned that this categor of households would cover onl those households where a group of unrelated persons live in an institution and share a common kitchen. 3enu



)ouseholds who do not live in buildings or census houses but live in the open on roadside, pavements, in hume pipes, under fl %overs and staircases, or in the open in places of worship, mandaps, railwa platforms, etc. are treated as )ouseless households. 3enu




ead of t!e


!he head of household for census purposes is a person who is recognised as such b the household. .he or he is generall the person who bears the chief responsibilit for managing the affairs of the household and takes decision on behalf of the household. !he head of household need not necessaril be the oldest male member or an earning member, but ma be a female or a ounger member of either se6. In case of an absentee de Aure ?)ead? who is not eligible to be enumerated in the household, the person on whom the responsibilit of managing the affairs of household rests was to be regarded as the head irrespective whether the person is male or female. 3enu

0&. 'c!eduled Castes ( 'c!eduled )ribes

Article '(1 of the Constitution provides that the #resident ma , with respect to an .tate or &nion territor , specif the castes, races or tribes or parts of or groups within castes, races or tribes which shall for the purposes of the Constitution be deemed to be .cheduled Castes in relation to that .tate or &nion territor . .imilarl , Article '(2 provides for specification of tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within tribes or tribal communities which are deemed to be for the purposes of the Constitution the .cheduled !ribes in relation to that .tate or &nion territor . In pursuance of these provisions, the list of .cheduled Castes and = or .cheduled !ribes are notified for each .tate and &nion territor and are valid onl within the Aurisdiction of that .tate or &nion territor and not outside. It is important to mention here that under the Constitution 7.cheduled Castes8 4rder, 10*0, no person who professed a religion different from )induism was deemed to be a member of a .cheduled Caste in addition to ever member of the $amdasi, Cabirpanthi, 3aAhabi or .ikligar caste resident in #unAab or #atiala and Bast #unAab .tates &nion were in relation to that .tate whether the professed the )indu or the .ikh religion. .ubse@uentl , in .eptember, 10*+, b an amendment, the #residential 4rder of 10*0 and in all subse@uent #residential 4rders relating to .cheduled Castes, the population professing the )indu and the .ikh religions were placed on the same footing with regard to their inclusion as .cheduled Castes. 1ater on, as per the amendment made in the Constitution 7.cheduled Castes8 4rder 1000, the )indu, the .ikh and the >uddhist professing population were placed on the same footing with regard to the recognition of the .cheduled Castes. :or finalizing the list of .chedule Castes=.cheduled !ribes notified in each state=union territor , all the constitutional amendments that have taken place prior to the conduct of 2001 census were taken into account. .ince there is no .cheduled Castes list for the state of 5agaland and the &nion territories of Andaman / 5icobar Islands and 1akshadweep; and no .cheduled !ribes list for the .tates of Delhi, )ar ana and #unAab and the &nion territories of Chandigarh and #ondicherr , the .cheduled Castes and .cheduled !ribes population figures are furnished for onl the relevant categor in respect of these .tates and &nion

territories. !he instructions to the enumerators for recording the individual responses on religion and the .cheduled Castes and the .cheduled tribes were more or less the same as in the past censuses. Bach enumerator was provided with a notified list of .cheduled Castes and .cheduled !ribes in respect of his=her state=union territor . !he religion for each individual was first of all determined. !hen it was ascertained from the respondent for each individual whether she or he belonged to a .cheduled caste or a .cheduled !ribe through Euestion 5o.- / 0 of the )ousehold .chedule. If in repl to either of this @uestion, the answer was in the affirmative, the name of caste = tribe to which the individual belonged was ascertained. If the name of caste = tribe returned b the respondent appeared in the approved list for the state the enumerator was e6pected to treat the individual, as belonging to .cheduled Caste or .cheduled !ribe and record the appropriate entr . 3enu

0*. +iterates
A person aged , ears and above who can both read and write with understanding in an language has been taken as literate. It is not necessar for a person to have received an formal education or passed an minimum educational standard for being treated as literate. #eople who were blind and could read in >raille are treated to be literates. A person, who can neither read nor write or can onl read but cannot write in an language, is treated as illiterate. All children of age + ears or less, even if going to school and have picked up reading and writing, are treated as illiterate. 3enu

10. ,or-

2ork is defined as participation in an economicall productive activit with or without compensation, wages or profit. .uch participation ma be ph sical and=or mental in nature. 2ork involves not onl actual work but also includes effective supervision and direction of work. It even includes part time help or unpaid work on farm, famil enterprise or in an other economic activit . All persons engaged in ?work? as defined above are workers. #ersons who are engaged in cultivation or milk production even solel for domestic consumption are also treated as workers. $eference period for determining a person as worker and non%worker is one ear preceding the date of enumeration. 3enu

11. .ain ,or-ers

!hose workers who had worked for the maAor part of the reference period 7i.e. + months or more8 are termed as 3ain 2orkers. 3enu

12. .ar/inal ,or-ers

!hose workers who had not worked for the maAor part of the reference period 7i.e. less than + months8 are termed as 3arginal 2orkers. 3enu

13. Culti0ator

:or purposes of the census a person is classified as cultivator if he or she is engaged in cultivation of land

owned or held from 9overnment or held from private persons or institutions for pa ment in mone , kind or share. Cultivation includes effective supervision or direction in cultivation. A person who has given out her=his land to another person or persons or institution7s8 for cultivation for mone , kind or share of crop and who does not even supervise or direct cultivation of land, is not treated as cultivator. .imilarl , a person working on another person?s land for wages in cash or kind or a combination of both 7agricultural labourer8 is not treated as cultivator. Cultivation involves ploughing, sowing, harvesting and production of cereals and millet crops such as wheat, padd , Aowar, baAra, ragi, etc., and other crops such as sugarcane, tobacco, ground%nuts, tapioca, etc., and pulses, raw Aute and kindred fibre crop, cotton, cinchona and other medicinal plants, fruit growing, vegetable growing or keeping orchards or groves, etc. Cultivation does not include the following plantation crops % tea, coffee, rubber, coconut and betel%nuts 7areca8. 3enu

14. A/ricultural +abourers

A person who works on another person?s land for wages in mone or kind or share is regarded as an agricultural labourer. .he or he has no risk in the cultivation, but merel works on another person?s land for wages. An agricultural labourer has no right of lease or contract on land on which .he=he works. 3enu


)ousehold Industr is defined as an industr conducted b one or more members of the household at home or within the village in rural areas and onl within the precincts of the house where the household lives in urban areas. !he larger proportion of workers in the household industr consists of members of the household. !he industr is not run on the scale of a registered factor which would @ualif or has to be registered under the Indian :actories Act. !he main criterion of a )ousehold industr even in urban areas is the participation of one or more members of a household. Bven if the industr is not actuall located at home in rural areas there is a greater possibilit of the members of the household participating even if it is located an where within the village limits. In the urban areas, where organized industr takes greater prominence, the )ousehold Industr is confined to the precincts of the house where the participants live. In urban areas, even if the members of the household run an industr b themselves but at a place awa from the precincts of their home, it is not considered as a )ousehold Industr . It should be located within the precincts of the house where the members live in the case of urban areas. )ousehold Industr relates to production, processing, servicing, repairing or making and selling 7but not merel selling8 of goods. It does not include professions such as a #leader, Doctor, 3usician, Dancer, 2aterman, Astrologer, Dhobi, >arber, etc., or merel trade or business, even if such professions, trade or services are run at home b members of the household. .ome of the t pical industries that can be conducted on a household industr basis are" :oodstuffs " such as production of floor, milking or dehusking of padd , grinding of herbs, production of pickles, preservation of meat etc. >everages" such as manufacture of countr li@uor, ice cream, soda water etc., !obacco #roducts " such as bidi, cigars, !e6tile cotton, Fute, 2ool or .ilk, 3anufacture of 2ood and 2ood #roducts, #aper and #aper #roducts, 1eather and 1eather #roducts, #etroleum and Coal #roducts " such as making foot wear from torn t res and other rubber footwear, Chemical and Chemical #roducts "such as manufacture of to s, paints, colours, matches, fireworks, perfumes, ink etc., .ervice and $epairing of !ransport B@uipments " such as c cle, rickshaw, boat or animal driven carts etc. 3enu

ouse!old #ndustry ,or-ers

1$. 1t!er ,or-ers

All workers, i.e., those who have been engaged in some economic activit during the last one ear, but are not cultivators or agricultural labourers or in )ousehold Industr , are ?4ther 2orkers7428?. !he t pe of workers that come under this categor of ?42? include all government servants, municipal emplo ees,

teachers, factor workers, plantation workers, those engaged in trade, commerce, business, transport banking, mining, construction, political or social work, priests, entertainment artists, etc. In effect, all those workers other than cultivators or agricultural labourers or household industr workers, are ?4ther 2orkers?. 3enu

1%. 2on ,or-ers

A person who did not at all work during the reference period was treated as non%worker. !he non%workers broadl constitute .tudents who did not participate in an economic activit paid or unpaid, household duties who were attending to dail household chores like cooking, cleaning utensils, looking after children, fetching water etc. and are not even helping in the unpaid work in the famil form or cultivation or milching, dependant such as infants or ver elderl people not included in the categor of worker, pensioners those who are drawing pension after retirement and are not engaged in an economic activit . >eggars, vagrants, prostitutes and persons having unidentified source of income and with unspecified sources of subsistence and not engaged in an economicall productive work during the reference period. 4thers, this categor includes all 5on%workers who ma not come under the above categories such as rentiers, persons living on remittances, agricultural or non%agricultural ro alt , convicts in Aails or inmates of penal, mental or charitable institutions doing no paid or unpaid work and persons who are seeking=available for work. 3enu

1&. 'e3 Ratio

.e6 ratio has been defined as the number of females per 1000 males in the population. It is e6pressed as ?number of females per 1000 males?. 5umber of females %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% 5umber of males

.e6%ratio G

6 1000

1*. C!ild 'e3 Ratio 40-$ years5

Child .e6%ratio 70%+ ears8 has been defined as the number of females in age%group 0%+ ears per 1000 males in the same age%group in the population. It is e6pressed as ?number of female children age 70%+8 ears per 1000 male children age 70%+8 ears?. 5umber of female children 70%+8 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% 6 1000 5umber of male children 70%+8

Child .e6%ratio 70%+ ears8 G

20. +iteracy Rate

1iterac rate of population is defined as the percentage of literates to the total population age , ears and above. 5umber of 1iterates %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% 6 1000 #opulation aged ,H

1iterac rate G

21. ,or- Participation Rate

2ork participation rate is defined as the percentage of total workers 7main and marginal8 to total population.

2ork participation rate G

!otal 2orkers 73ainH3arginal8 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%6 100 !otal #opulation


22. +ocation Code 'tructure adopted in Census 2001

!here are two different sets of codes namel the location codes for villages and the location codes for the towns. !he 1ocation Code .tructure adopted in Census 2001 is described below

Administrati0e Area
.tate= &nion territories District .ub%district <illage !own 2ard

2umber of di/its
!wo digits 7within the countr 8 !wo digits 7within the state=ut8 :our digits 7within the district8 Bight digits 7within the state=ut8 Bight digits 7within the district8 :our digits 7within the town8

!he general pattern followed in coding of an geographical unit was a serpentine one, e6cept for the wards in the towns, beginning from the 5orth%west corner and completing at the farthest .outh%east corner within the defined higher level of the geographical hierarch . In so far as the .tate=&t is concerned Fammu / Cashmir has code number 01 7north%west corner8 and code number '* 7south east corner8 has been allotted to Andaman / 5icobar Islands. 9enerall the administrative unit below a district is a sub%district, for e6ample !ehsil or !aluk. )owever, in certain states and union territories e6ceptions had to be made since the nomenclature for sub%districts is not uniform throughout the countr . :or e6ample, in 4rissa #olice station is the sub%district, in 2est >engal it is the Communit Development >lock and so on. After the completion of )ouselisting 4peration, three new states namel , &ttaranchal, Chhattisgarh and Fharkhand were created in 5ovember, 2000 barel three months before the commencement of #opulation Bnumeration. !hese states were carved out of &ttar #radesh, 3adh a #radesh and >ihar respectivel . !his resulted in redoing the coding e6ercise in all the Aurisdictional units of these si6 affected states and much time and effort initiall put in had to be invested again to ensure that the processing of )ouselisting records is not adversel affected among other things. In Assam, 3izoram and 4rissa there are a few sub%districts which cut across the district Aurisdictions. In such situations these sub%districts onl have been provided a separate series of code numbers viz. 0000, 0001 etc., whereas those sub%districts which do not violate the district boundaries have been given the normal code numbers i.e. 0001, 0002 etc. the sub%districts which cut across two districts are 18 .idli Circle 7CokraAhar and >ongaigaon districts8, 28 Dhakuakhana Circle 7 1akhimpur and DhemaAi districts8 and '8 .ubansiri Circle 71akhimpur and DhemaAi districts8 in Assam, (8 !langnuam $ural Development >lock 7Colasib and Aizawl districts8, *8 !hingsulthliah $ural Development >lock 7Aizawl and .erchhip districts8 and +8 Bast 1ungdar $ural Development >lock 7Champhai and .erchhip districts8 in 3izoram and ,8 $amagiri #olice .tation 79anAam and 9aAapati districts8 in 4rissa.4ne of the maAor initiatives taken in the Census 2001 was the allotment of #ermanent 1ocation Code 5umber 7#1C58 to each and ever village within the .tate and not within a sub%district as in the earlier censuses. #1C5 was thus assigned as one continuous number from the first village in the first district to the last village in the last district. #1C5 is an eight digit uni@ue location code number with the first si6 digits representing the code number of the village and the last two digits are b default two zeros ?00? as future provision. !hese zeros are reserved as buffer to be used for coding an new village7s8 that ma come up between two e6isting villages in future. :or e6ample, if a new village comes up between two villages with #1C5s 012*(+00 and 012*(,00, the new village will be allotted #1C5 012*(+01 and so on. !he location code number for a town in ever state is also an eight digit number starting with the digit ( situated at the e6treme left acting as the uni@ue identifier for an town in the state. !he ne6t two digits depict the code number of the district in which the town falls followed b two digits representing the town

serial number in the district. !here are three zeros at the end as buffer mainl to meet the re@uirement of bringing the number of digits to eight to match the number of digits in the #1C5 for the villages. !hus a town location code number (0'0*000 represents the town serial number * of the district number 0' in a .tate. !here are ten towns in the countr that spread over more than one district. !hese are 18 Devapra ag 7!ehri 9arhwal and 9arhwal districts8 in &ttranchal, 28 Delhi 3unicipal Corporation 7all the nine districts8 and '8 5ew Delhi 3unicipal Council 75D3C8 75ew Delhi, Central, .ourth 2est and .outh districts8 in Delhi, (8 Imphal, 3unicipal Council 7Imphal 2est and Imphal Bast districts8, *8 1ilong, 5agar #ancha at, 7!houbal and Imphal Bast districts8, +8 5ambol, 3unicipal Council 7>ishmipur and Imphal 2est districts8 and ,8 .amurou, 5agar #ancha at, 7!houbal and Imphal 2est districts8 in 3anipur, -8 .iliguri, 3unicipal Corporation 7DarAiling and Falpaiguri districts8 in 2est >engal, 08 9reater 3umbai, 3unicipal Corporation 73umbai .uburban and 3umbai districts8 in 3aharashtra and 108 ) derabad 3unicipal Corporation 7) derabad and $angaredd districts8 in Andhra #radesh. Although, the parts of such towns falling in two different districts have been coded independentl , the last five digits of these towns are the same since the same town serial numbers have allotted within the districts to these different town parts. )owever, the district code being an element of the eight%digited town code structure; the same town has two different eight digited codes. :or e6ample, .iliguri 73.Corp.8 falling in two districts, namel , DarAiling 7018 and Falpaiguri 7028 has codes (0100000 and (0200000 respectivel . 3enu

23. .i/ration #nternal .i/ration

It incldes an movement within the political boundaries of a nation which results in a change of usual place of residence. It ma consist of the crossing of a village or town boundar as a minimum condition for @ualif ing the movement as internal migration. !hus, the concept of internal migration involves implicitl an imposition of boundar lines which must be crossed before a movement is counted as internal migration.


3igrant is usuall defined as a person who has moved from one politicall defined area to another similar area. In Indian conte6t, these areas are generall a village in rural and a town in urban. !hus a person who moves out from one village or town to another village or town is termed as a migrant provided his=her movement is not of purel temporar nature on account of casual leave, visits, tours, etc.

2on- .i/rants 4#mmobiles5

#eople, who are seen living their entire life%time and die in the same village=town in which the were born, are defined as Immobiles or non%migrants.

6irt! Place .i/rant

If at the time of Census enumeration, there is a change in the usual place of residence of an individual with reference to his=her birth place, he=she is defined as a migrant in accordance with Ibirth placeJ concept.

+ast Residence .i/rant

If at the time of Census enumeration, a change in the usual place of residence of an individual is noted with reference to his=her previous usual residence, he=she is termed as a migrant in accordance with Ilast residenceJ concept.


A person, who crosses the boundaries of a village=town for the purpose of residing at the place of enumeration, is an in%migrant.

If a person moves out from the place of enumeration 7village=town8 to another politicall defined area 7village=town8 for usual residence, he or she is termed as an out%migrant.

#ntra-district .i/rant
2hen a person moves out from his place of usual residence or birth to another politicall defined area 7village=town8, which is within the district of enumeration, he=she is termed as an intra%district migrant.

#nter-district .i/rant

A person who is in the course of migration crosses the boundar of the district of enumeration but remains within the .tate of enumeration, is termed as an inter%district migrant.

#ntra-state .i/rant
2hen a person crosses the boundar of his=her village=town for usual residence elsewhere within the .tate of enumeration, the person concerned is treated as an intra%.tate migrant. !hus intra%district and inter% district migrants together constitute the intra%.tate migrants.

#nter-'tate mi/rant
If the place of enumeration of an individual differs from the place of birth or last residence and these lie in two different .tates, the person is treated accordingl as an inter%.tate migrant with regard to birth place or last residence concept.

+ife-time #n-.i/ration
It denotes the total number of persons enumerated in a given area at a particular Census who were born outside the area of enumeration but within the national boundaries.

+ife-time 1ut-.i/ration

It gives the total number of persons born in a given area but now enumerated outside the area within the national boundaries at the time of particular Census.

+ife-time 2et-.i/ration
!he difference between life%time in%migration and life%time out%migration is termed as life%time net% migration.

.i/ration rate

It is taken as the ratio of total migrants counted in the Census to its total population multiplied b 1000. 2hile discussing the migration result, the term population mobilit is taken as a s non m to migration rate. 3enu

24. Abbre0iations Used

!he following abbreviations of civic status of cities or towns are used while presenting the data in the !able on :inal #opulation !otals" C.>. C.3.C B.4 9.# I.5.A I.!... 3 3.>. 3.C Cantonment >oard=Cantonment Cit 3unicipal Council Bstate 4ffice 9ram #ancha at Industrial 5otified Area Industrial !ownship 3unicipalit 3unicipal >oard 3unicipal Committee

3.Cl 3.Corp. 5.A. 5.A.C 5.# 5.! 5.!.A ..!.C !.C. !.3.C !.# !... C.! 4.! 3enu

3unicipal Council 3unicipal Corporation=Corporation 5otified Area 5otified Area Committee=5otified Area Council 5agar #ancha at 5otified !own 5otified !own Area .mall !own Committee !own Committee=!own Area Committee !own 3unicipal Council !own #ancha at !ownship Census !own 4ut 9rowth

Definition of 'lum
.lums have come to form an integral part of the phenomena of urbanization in India. Comprehensive information on the slums being essential for formulation of effective and coordinated polic for their improvement. :ormation and identification of slum enumeration blocks prior to the conduct of 2001 Census has made it possible to compile and repare special tables for slums. It is for the first time in the histor of census in the countr that the slum demograph is being presented on the basis of the actual count. !he s stematic delineation of slums for collection of primar data on their population characteristics during population enumeration itself ma perhaps be the first of its t pe in the world. :or the purpose of Census of India, 2001, the slum areas broadl constitute of "% 7i8 All specified areas in a town or cit notified as I.lumJ b .tate=1ocal 9overnment and &! Administration under an Act including a I.lum ActJ. 7ii8 All areas recognized as I.lumJ b .tate=1ocal 9overnment and &! Administration, )ousing and .lum >oards, which ma have not been formall notified as slum under an act; 7iii8 A compact area of at least '00 population or about +0%,0 households of poorl built congested tenements, in unh gienic environment usuall with inade@uate infrastructure and lacking in proper sanitar and drinking water facilities. !op