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Wireless eMobility

Change the way to charge

No emissions No wires No hassle

e-mobility redened
The BOMBARDIER PRIMOVE solution is a game-changing technology that e nables the wireless charging of electric vehicles. Based on inductive power transfer, the PRIMOVE system liberates e-mobility from the constraints of cables, wires and plugs making urban transport more exible and convenient than ever before. The innovative PRIMOVE system provides a contactless power source for all types of electric transport from light rail and bus networks to commercial vehicles and cars. Discover how the PRIMOVE solution is ready to transform the e-mobility landscape today.

The primove advantages


Invisible
The principle of inductive power transfer allows energy to be transferred in a contactless manner no more plugs, wires or overhead cables. The necessary components are buried underground and hidden beneath the vehicle, making the PRIMOVE solution a safer, less cluttered system that gives urban planners and public transport operators more freedom over the design of urban mobility solutions.

Convenient
Thanks to the intelligent vehicle detection function that makes the charging process fully automated, recharging is driver-friendly and hassle-free. No specic training or qualications are required and the driver never comes into contact with electricity, ensuring that the entire process is safe.

Competitive
The PRIMOVE solution makes the electric vehicle market competitive and attractive again. By maximising the concept of opportunity charging at high power levels, the PRIMOVE system reduces total cost of ownership and provides an affordable and attractive solution without reverting to impractical solutions like battery swapping.

Clean and quiet


Electric vehicles generate no emissions at the point of use no carbon dioxide, no noxious gases, no particulates. This brings signicant and sustainable improvements in air quality, thereby raising the level of passenger comfort and making the urban environment cleaner and more pleasant for its residents.

No recharging constraints
Due to the high level of power that can be transferred with the PRIMOVE system, vehicles can recharge quickly enough to avoid lengthy waiting periods. Regular stops are turned into convenient charging opportunities that have no disruptive effect on the timetable. This means that vehicle availability and service reliability can be ensured.

Easy integration
The PRIMOVE system is quick and easy to install. Prefabricated and tested modules can easily be integrated into any ground surface and the system can be tted onto any new or existing rail or road infrastructure. It has no moving parts and only a small number of components, all of which are buried underground or hidden beneath the vehicle. This significantly minimises wear and tear, while guaranteeing protection against vandalism. The result is lower maintenance costs and higher service reliability.

Flexible and reliable


PRIMOVE technology offers a variety of charging solutions for all electric vehicles that is compatible with all weather and ground conditions. It can be adapted to any city, course and topography perfect for fast-tracking the acceptance of sustainable mobility practices.

The technology behind primove


The inductive principle
Based on the principle of inductive power transfer, PRIMOVE technology allows energy to be transmitted without contact between components buried underground and receiving equipment installed beneath the vehicle. The principle functions as follows: an electric conductor creates a magnetic eld, which generates an electric current in another conductor placed within that eld. When a pplied in conjunction with the PRIMOVE system, this electric current generates energy that is then used to propel vehicles forward in a clean, efcient way. Electric current in a primary coil (winding) creates a magnetic eld, which induces current in a secondary coil. Bus Charging stations are positioned in the depot and/ or en route at bus stops for recharging while letting passengers on/off without extended dwell times. Automotive This power transfer occurs even if there is a gap in the iron core, enabling the process to be contactless. Charging stations are installed at strategic points (e.g. loading docks for delivery vans, taxi ranks in airport waiting areas, supermarket parking spaces) to allow fast charging at convenient times when the vehicle is periodically not in use. Light rail Charging segments are integrated at every tram stop and the following few metres to enable recharging while letting passengers on/off and during acceleration. Introducing high power opportunity charging Range and recharging constraints are the key concerns when it comes to converting an entire delivery eet or bus network to electric power. In order to address these issues while offering a solution that is light, easy to integrate and com petitive, the PRIMOVE system combines a regular charging pattern with energy transfer at high power levels. The charging process is seamlessly integrated into existing operations, thereby ensuring uninterrupted service without any need for additional eet vehicles or batteries.

If the primary coil is extended in a loop, the secondary coil can receive power anywhere along this loop.

primove light rail Liberating trams from overhead lines


In many ways, trams and light rail vehicles are the ultimate form of e-mobility. Yet despite being clean, silent and convenient, they have always been hampered by one disadvantage catenaries. Catenary power systems are complex to i nstall, demanding to maintain and clutter the urban space with unattractive infrastructure.

No compromise on performance
 Same

great performance as with catenary systems of energy consumption by up to 30%

 Reduction

when combined with an energy storage solution

Thanks to PRIMOVE contactless charging, light rail vehicles can now run without any need for unsightly poles and overhead lines. The energy source is moved underground and charges the vehicle via inductive power transfer. It now becomes possible to integrate light rail vehicles into urban areas where conventional catenary networks are prohibited or unwelcome city centres, parks, gardens and protected heritage sites. The cityscape is left untouched, minimising visual pollution and improving the overall appeal of the city.

Minimised visual pollution


 Elimination

of wires and poles all components are is possible even in previously unsuitable

hidden under the vehicle and beneath the track


 Installation

areas such as heritage-protected sites

Augsburg, Germany
Demonstrating safe high power inductive

Reduced infrastructure
L  ess Less 

charging for trams

land take needed than for catenary systems maintenance: no wear of pantographs and

overhead lines, no risk of vandalism

In September 2010, Bombardier Transportation installed the contactless and catenary-free PRIMOVE system for trams on a 800-metre section of Line 3 to the Augsburg trade fair centre. The pilot project is being co-funded by the German Federal Ministry for Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS) and realized in cooperation with the Augsburg Transport Authority (Stadtwerke Augsburg Verkehrs-GmbH) with the aim of demonstrating reliable operation under the real conditions of daily operation in an urban environment.

Facts & gures


Start of operations: September 2010

Operational under all conditions


R  eliable

Vehicle type: 1 Bombardier bidirectional low-oor tram Charging power: 200 kW

even under adverse weather and ground with all road surfaces and tracks

conditions such as snow, ice and sand


Compatible

Braunschweig, Germany
Taking the primove concept to the road

primove bus Going electric


The bus market is experimenting with alternatives to combustion-driven vehicles, but few of these approaches offer a sustainable solution to our dependence on fossil fuel. More often than not, they involve serious compromises in vehicle availability, service reliability, aesthetics, or resources (e.g. battery swapping, requiring

Bombardiers rst PRIMOVE bus project for passenger operation has been kicked off in the city of Braunschweig, Germany, which marks a signicant leap forward in bringing clean e-mobility solutions to urban areas. A 12 km section of the bus network is turned into an eco-friendly electric route which is served by two PRIMOVE equipped buses. The German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development is granting Bombardier and its project partners, the public transport operator Braunschweiger Verkehrs-AG, the local energy company BS Energy, as well as the Technical University of Braunschweig, the sum of 2,9 million EUR to fund the initiative.

extra eet vehicles or turning to conductive charging). In essence, these solutions fail to address the key issue of making the electric bus market competitive and attractive.

Facts & gures


Start of operations: Q3 2013 Vehicle type: 2 Solaris buses (12 m and 18 m) Length of route: 12 km

PRIMOVE technology represents a major leap forward by offering a wireless charging system that is easy to install and convenient to use. By incorporating high power charging at the most convenient points along bus routes, the PRIMOVE system ensures optimum eet availability. The wireless charging process is seamlessly integrated into existing operations to allow uninterrupted service without reverting to impractical, unattractive or unaffordable solutions.

Continuous operations Smaller, lighter system


 Extends  Vehicles  High  No

power charging stops are integrated into routes

battery swapping, no extra eet, no dwell time

battery life and lowers energy consumption can carry passengers, rather than heavy batteries

Enhanced passenger comfort


 Elimination  Less

of unpleasant smell from gas fumes

Lower Total Cost of Ownership (TCO)


 Reduction

noise and vibration for a more enjoyable

of the total cost of ownership, as well as

passenger journey

lifecycle expenses
 No

need to maintain two technologies compared

with hybrids

10

primove automotive e-mobility unplugged


Uninterrupted service
With virtually all electric devices now going wireless, it makes little sense to keep electric road vehicles tied to the leash in the form of charging plugs. Not only is plugging in the vehicle a real inconvenience but this type of system is also inherently unsuitable for energy transfer at very high power levels. Moreover, several studies suggest that the key barriers preventing entry into the electric automotive market are fears about range constraints and the hassle associated with plug-in systems. When it comes to commercial eets, vehicle availability and service reliability are even more crucial to ensuring commercial success. This is why the PRIMOVE charging concept is designed around existing operations, ensuring continuous service for anything from delivery vans to taxis. With the oppor tunity charging approach coupled with high power transfer, the PRIMOVE system overcomes the key constraints, liberating electric eets from range limitations with a charging process that is fast, con venient and safe.
 Designed

to ensure a continuous range and recharging constraints

ow of eet operations
 Minimised

thanks to high power charging

Easy integration
 Prefabricated

and tested modules are

quickly integrated into any ground surface


 The

system can be tted onto any new

or existing infrastructure

11

Mannheim, Germany
A state-of-the-art e-mobility hub

Lower maintenance and lifecycle costs


Reduced 

total infrastructure costs and risk

of vandalism
No

moving parts, no wear and tear

Committed to innovation and the continued development of PRIMOVE technology, Bombardier has opened a dedicated e-mobility-facility in Mannheim, Germany. This Centre of Excellence supports partnerships, projects and opportunities in the fast-moving electric mobility sector. It hosts a complete power lab test set-up for all applications as well as a test hall for electric buses. Different vehicles including buses and minivans have been acquired to ensure that testing at the facility is conducted independently and in a real-life setting.

Facts & gures


Inauguration date: September 2011 Applications tested: Bus, minivan, car, tram Number of engineers: 50 highly-qualied employees

Driver-friendly
No 

hassle with plugs, no special qualications risk of human contact with electricity

or training required
No

Bombardier 100 years of experience in e-mobility


As the global leader in the rail industry, Bombardier has over a century of experience in electric mobility. With 64 production and engineering sites in 26 countries, Bombardier Transportation develops, manufactures and services the broadest portfolio of mobility products in the world, making it the ideal partner for taking e-mobility into the next phase of its evolution. PRIMOVE technology is one of the highlights within the innovative BOMBARDIER ECO4 portfolio of technologies, which offer energy and cost-efcient solutions for total mobility performance.

Bombardier Transportation Schneberger Ufer 1 10785 Berlin, Germany Phone +49 30 98607 0 Fax +49 30 98607 2000

www.primove.bombardier.com
This brochure is printed on cellulose-based paper from certied sustainably managed forests in accordance with the PEFC system. Bombardier Transportation has an active set of environmental print guidelines, for further details click onto: www.transportation.bombardier.com Learn more about our commitment to sustainable mobility on: www.theclimateisrightfortrains.com If you no longer require this brochure please recycle it responsibly BOMBARDIER, ECO4 and PRIMOVE are trademarks of Bombardier Inc. or its subsidiaries. 2012, Bombardier Inc. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved. Printed in Germany/11161/CTO/09-2012/en