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# midas

Civil

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Enhancements
New Module
1. General Section Designer

Pre/Post Processing
1. Section Manager 2. Improvement in Beam Detail Analysis 3. Tendon DXF Export and much more

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Analysis
1. Moment-Curvature Calculation 2. Damping Ratios by Material Properties 3. Considering Consistent Mass in Time History Analysis 4. Improvement in Group Damping And much more

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Design
1. Irregular Section Check as per EC2-2:06 2. MS Excel Report for Composite Plate-Girder design as per EC4

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midas

Civil

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

New module
1. General Section Designer

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midas

Civil

## 1. General Section Designer

General Section Check or GSD is a new module added to midas Civil. Scope of GSD: Definition of any irregular cross-section Calculation of section properties Generation of P-M, P-My-Mz, M-M interaction curves Calculation of Section Capacity (in flexure) and Safety Ratio based on member forces Generation of Moment-Curvature curve Plot of stress contours for all the cross-sections All the above features are supported for: RC sections, Steel sections and Composite sections.

Work Process

Stress Contour

3D PM Interaction Curve

Moment- Curvature

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Civil

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

User Interface
GSD can be called from midas Civil by Tools > General Section Designer. In one model file, more than one section can be created and saved under different names. All the sections are listed in the Works Tree. Double click the section name in the Works Tree to show the section in the section view.

Works Tree

Toolbar

Section View

Table Window

Coordinates

Message Window

Unit Control

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Civil

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 1. Define material Materials : RC or Steel Applied Codes: Eurocode, UNI, British Standard, ASTM, Indian Standard, etc. Nonlinear material properties can also be assigned to concrete, structural steel and rebar materials.

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Civil

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 1. Define material Nonlinear Material Properties Concrete nonlinear properties

## Steel nonlinear properties

Menegotto-Pinto Model

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Civil

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 2. Define cross-section Basic shape section by selecting a section from the DB of the standard sections for a country Any irregular cross-section by specifying the shape in the Section View or entering coordinates into a table
Model > Shape > Basic Shape

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Civil

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 2. Define cross-section Merging two shapes Creating hollow sections
Model > Shape > Merge Shape

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Civil

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 3.1 Select Rebar Material The following stress-strain curves can be assigned to rebars: Elastic-Only Bilinear Model Menegotto-Pinto Model Park Strain Hardening
Model > Rebar > Rebar Material

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Civil

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 3.2 Add Rebars: Various patterns are available for assigning the rebars to a section. Point pattern : Add rebar at a single point. Line Pattern : Add rebars in a line. Arc Pattern : Add rebars in circular arc patterns. Rectangular Pattern : Add rebars in a rectangular pattern. Perimeter Pattern : Add rebars around the outer perimeter of the section by specifying the concrete cover and number of rebars.
Model > Rebar > Rebar-Point Pattern

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Civil

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 4. Define Load Combinations and member forces Sign Convention: Clockwise moment about the y and z axes are taken as positive. Counter-clockwise moments are taken as negative. P is taken as positive towards +z axis. Step 5. Cross-section Properties: Apart from general section properties, Principal Properties, Section Modulus & Plastic properties are also calculated.

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Civil

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 6.1 Check Results: Interaction Curves

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Civil

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 6.1 Check Results: Interaction Curves

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Civil

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 6.2 Check Results: Moment-curvature curve Step 6.3 Check Result: Stress Contour
Result > Moment Curvature Curve

Move mouse pointer on the curve to see the strain diagram at a particular point.

Moment-curvature curve

Stress contours

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Civil

## Pre & Post-processing

1. Section Manager 2. Improvement in Beam Detail Analysis 3. Tendon DXF Export 4. Improvement in Tendon Profile Generator

6. Improvement in Traffic line-lane and surface-lane display

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Civil

Pre/Post Processing

## 1. Section Manager (1) Stiffness

For various types of sections (DB, PSC, Tapered Section, Composite Section, General and Composite General Section), transformed section properties can be calculated reflecting tendons and reinforcement.

Transformed section properties can be calculated at various locations of a section (1/4 , 2/4
, 3/4) and the placement of Tendon/Reinforcement can be viewed. Existing functions Section Stiffness Scale Factor and Cross Section Viewer have been integrated.
Model > Properties > Section Manager

## Stiffness Mode of Section Manager

Check the transformed section properties with Reinforcement and Tendon reflected

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Civil

Pre/Post Processing

## (2) Reinforcement Input

Input of Longitudinal Reinforcement becomes more convenient (Point/Line/Arc/Circle/Poly Line Type are available for Grid input). Input of Reinforced Shear becomes more convenient.

## Reinforced Shear Input Dialog Box

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Pre/Post Processing

## (3) Definition of Stress Points

It is now possible to define arbitrary stress points for various types of sections (DB, PSC / PSC Value, Tapered Section, Composite Section, General / Composite General Section). Part 2 of the composite section can now be defined with stress points.

## Additional Stress Points (for Part 2)

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Civil

Pre/Post Processing

## 2.Improvement in Beam Detail Analysis

Stress calculations at any points are now available for more section types (DB, PSC, Tapered Section, Composite Section, General and Composite General Section). Added stress points can be produced in an Excel report.

## Check Additional Stress using Beam Detail Analysis

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Pre/Post Processing

## 3. Tendon DXF export

Tendon Profiles can be exported to DXF in a 2D format (XZ Plane , XY Plane).

## Tendon placement in a FCM bridge

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Pre/Post Processing

## 4. Improvement in Tendon Profile Generator

Tendon profiles imported from DXF can be placed in one go, using Origin Point. Various CAD Line Types can be imported.

## Imported Tendon Profiles

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Civil

Pre/Post Processing

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

In the dynamic report, we can add the project information in the header and footer of MS Word. Project Information includes Project Name, Revision, User Name, E-mail, Address, Telephone, Fax, Client, Title, File Name, Created, Directory, Modified, and File Size.

## Procedure of Header and Footer Generation

1. Fill out the Project Information in the File tab. 2. Open the Dynamic Report and double-click Header and Footer in the Report Tree. 3. Select the items to add or remove in the header or footer field by clicking arrow buttons.

4. Use up and down arrows to arrange the order of header and footer items.
5. Click OK to confirm.

## Tools > Dynamic Report Generator

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Civil

Pre/Post Processing

## 8. Improvement in Traffic Line-lane and Surface-lane display

After displaying the traffic surface lanes, it took long time to change the display of model view. Now, once the traffic surface lanes have been displayed, the view can be changed instantly. After a first display of the traffic surface lanes, the lanes can be displayed instantly from the second time of displaying. Each lane can be displayed separately.

## Display one lane at a time

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Civil

Pre/Post Processing

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Analysis
1. Moment-Curvature Calculation 2. Damping Ratios by Material Properties 3. Considering Consistent Mass in Time History Analysis 4. Improvement in Group Damping

History Analysis 6. Considering the Construction Stage Load for Initial Loading in Pushover Analysis 7. Option for cumulating reactions and displacements due to initial loads in Pushover Analysis

## 8. Considering Boundary Change Assignment Function in Pushover

Analysis 9. Option for Considering the Shear Failure in Pushover Analysis 10.Addition of Ramberg-Osgood and Hardin-Drnevich Models in Inelastic Hinge Properties

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Civil

Analysis

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

1. Moment-Curvature Calculation
Moment-Curvature Curve calculation function has been added, which is one way of evaluating the section capacity when evaluating the earthquake resistance for existing bridges. Through the simple input of hysteresis curves of various materials, the section capacity can be calculated quickly.

## Model > Properties > Moment-Curvature Curve

Assign the hysteresis property

## Hysteresis curves of Concrete and Steel

Moment-Curvature Curve

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Analysis

## 2. Damping Ratios by Material Properties

An option considering different damping ratios for different materials has been added in the Material Data for time history analysis and response spectrum analysis. In order to apply the damping ratio specified in the Material Data, following damping method needs to be selected in the Time History Load Cases. Response Spectrum Analysis : Strain Energy Proportional Time History Analysis: Element Mass & Stiffness Proportional or Strain Energy Damping

Load > Time History Analysis Data > Time History Load Cases Model > Properties > Material > Add > Damping Ratio

Default value of damping ratio by material types - Steel : 0.02 (2%) - Concrete / SRC : 0.05 (5%) - USER : 0.00 (0%)

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Analysis

## 3. Considering Consistent Mass in History Analysis

Now Consistent Mass and Off-diagonal Masses option of Lumped Mass can be considered during the linear and nonlinear time history analysis. In the previous versions, only Lumped Mass could be applied in the time history analysis when Offdiagonal Masses option is checked on. If the Consistent Mass or Off-diagonal Mass option is used, Lanczos method must be selected when performing Eigenvalue Analysis.

Consistent Mass

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Civil

Analysis

## 4. Improvement in Group Damping

Group Damping dialog box has been divided into Element Mass & Stiffness Proportional and Strain Energy Proportional. Now Mass Coefficient (alpha) can be considered. Coefficients for mass and stiffness (alpha and beta) are automatically calculated.

Model > Properties > Group Damping : Element Mass & Stiffness Proportional Model > Properties > Group Damping : Strain Energy Proportional

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Civil

Analysis

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Now Static Analysis Result Import (ST) can be considered as an initial load. In the previous versions, the axial force due to ST initial load was not reflected when determining the yielding of a hinge. In the new version, the axial force due to ST initial load is reflected when calculating the yield strength of moment component. When Increment Method>Load Control is used, Time History Load Cases>Scale Factor is now reflected.

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Civil

Analysis

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Final stage member forces from construction stage analysis can be used as initial loads

## for the pushover analysis.

Pushover Analysis > Pushover Analysis Control

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Civil

Analysis

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

7. Option for cumulating reactions and displacements due to initial loads in Pushover Analysis
In the previous versions, reactions due to initial loads were cumulative whereas

## displacements due to initial loads were not cumulative.

Now the user can choose whether to cumulate reactions/displacements due to initial loads or not.
Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Load Cases

In the previous versions, the results due to initial loads were For Reaction/Story shear: cumulative For Displacement: not cumulative

When the initial load filed is displayed as Import ST/CS Result, this option is not available. Note that the results from the new version may not be the same as that from the previous versions of midas Civil because of this option.

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Analysis

## 8. Considering Boundary Change Assignment Function in Pushover Analysis

This function can be applied to the following condition:

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Civil

Analysis

## 9. Option for Considering the Shear Failure in Pushover Analysis

New option for considering the shear component failure has been added. When the option is selected, the analysis will automatically terminate if the shear hinge occurs in the selected member type.

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Analysis

## 10. Addition of Ramberg-Osgood and Hardin-Drnevich Models in Inelastic Hinge Properties

Two material models have been added to the Inelastic Hinge Properties (Ramberg-

Osgood, Hardin-Drnevich)
It can be applied for the inelastic time history analysis of the soil.

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Analysis

## Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Design
1. Irregular Section Check as per EC2-2:06 2. MS Excel Report for Composite Plate-Girder design as per EC4

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Civil

Design

## 1. Irregular Section Check as per EC2-2:06

Any column with an irregular section can be checked as per EUROCODE2-2: 06 at Ultimate Limit State for moment and shear. Sections imported from AutoCAD or SPC can be checked. Point, linear, and circular type rebars can be assigned to the irregular section.
Design > Concrete Design > Column General Section Data for Checking

## Assign rebar to irregular section

Design > Concrete Design > Concrete Code Check > Column Checking

## Graphic design report

3D interaction surface

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Civil

Design

## 2. MS Excel Report for Composite Plate-Girder design as per EC4

Detailed report in MS Excel format can be generated after Composite Plate-Girder design is performed as per EC4.
Design > Composite Plate Girder Design > Position for Design Output

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