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Section A

1. The diagram below shows a structure of an animal cell as seen under an


electron microscope.

a) Name the organelles labelled A, D and E


A:...................................................................................................................
D:...................................................................................................................
E:...................................................................................................................
[3 marks]
b) (i) Name the model which describe structure C.
......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii)State the main component that makes up structure C.
.......................................................................................................................
[1 marks]
c) Cholesterol is found in structure C. State two roles of cholesterol in the
structure.
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................

[2 marks]
d) (i) Name organelle B.
......................................................................................................................
[1 marks]
(ii) Give two functions of organelle B.
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

2. a) Part of the DNA base sequence coding for a protein is shown below
ATGGCCTAAGTG
i)
State the corresponding base sequence of mRNA.

ii)

.................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
Name the process by which the DNA code is transferred to mRNA.
.................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

b) Figure 2.1 is a diagram that show the stage in protein synthesis when amino acids
are joined in the correct sequence to make primary structure of protein.

Figure 2.1
i)

Name J, K, L and M
The group of bases at J..............................................................................

K..................................................................................................................
L...................................................................................................................

ii)

The group of bases at M................................................................................


[4 marks]
Using the information in figure 2.1to help you, explain how amino acids
become arranged into the correct sequence in primary structure of protein.
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
[4 marks]

3. a) The diagram below show protein synthesis in eukaryote cell.

a)(i) Name step 1 and step 2


Step:.............................................................................................[1mark]
Step:.............................................................................................[1mark]
(ii) Name the structure labelled A and C
A:............................................................................................................[1 mark]
C:...........................................................................................................[1 mark]

(iii) Explain what happen in step 1.


.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
[ 2 marks]
b) The diagram below show two method in which enzymes can be produced for
industrial processes.

(i)

Give two advantages using immobilized enzymes.


.................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
(ii)

Name two ways in which an enzyme or a cell can be immobilized.


.................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

4. The diagram below represent a longitudinal section through part of a striated


muscle.

a)(i) What is the term used to describe the basic unit of muscle contraction
shown below?
............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii)Identify the parts labelled A, B and C

A:........................................................................................................................

B:.........................................................................................................................

C:........................................................................................................................
[3 marks]

b) The diagram shows the A band, I band and H zone. Which of the structure :
(i) Contain actin but no myosin

...........................................................................................................................
(ii)Shorten when the muscle contracts

...........................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
c) Describe the role played by ATP and Ca2+ in muscle contraction
(i) ATP :
.....................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
(ii)Ca2+ :
....................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

Section B
1. a) What is meant by species? Explain the problems faced in the definition of
species.
[5 marks]
b) Explain how the isolation mechanism helps in the formation of new species.
[10 marks]

2. a) Describe how climatic and biotic factors affect the size of a population
[8 marks]
b) Describe how the population size of rats in a rice field can be estimated.
[7 marks]
3. a) Explain how energy is transferred through food chains and food webs in an
ecosystem.
[9 marks]
b) Describe the role of natural selection in evolution.

[6 marks]

4. a) Protein can be divided into two group, namely fibrous protein and globular
proteins, based on the shape of the molecule. Describe the differences
between two types of protein.
[7 marks]
5.
b) (i)Distinguish between diffusion and osmosis
[2 marks]
(ii) Distinguish between phagocytosis and pinocytosis
[3 marks]
(iii)State three features of a substance, which influence its ability to
Pass through a cell membrane.
[3marks]
Disediakan oleh,
...............................
(PN KHOR PEI WEN)
PENYELARAS BIOLOGI TINGKATAN
ENAM RENDAH

Disemak oleh,
.............................................
(PN CHAN CHOOI SEONG)
KETUA PANITIA BIOLOGI

Disahkan oleh,
...................................
(PN CHEE POH KIEM)
PENOLONG KANAN KURIKULUM DAN TAKBIRAN

Scheme Biology Lower six Final Year Exam 2011


Section A
1. a) A: Golgi apparatus
B: rough endoplasmic reticulum
E: mitochondrion

-1
-1
-1

b)(i) Fluid mosaic model/ Singers model


(ii) Phospholipid

-1
-1

c) Regulate the fluidity of the plasma membrane


- Regulate the movement of the phospholipid in different temperature/
Help to stabilise the membrane structure

-1

-Regulate the movement of hydrophobic molecules or /polar molecule


cross the plasma membrane

-1

d)(i) Centriole
(ii) Organise the formation of spindle fibres during cell division
- To produce basal bodies in which the flagella and cilli develop
2. a)(i) UACCGGAUUCAC
(ii) transcription

-1

-1
-1
-1
-1
-1

b) (i)J: anticodon; R: anticodon


K: tRNA
L: ribosome/ rRNA
M: codon/ R: codon

-1
-1
-1
-1

(ii)-DNA triplet/codon/M/mRNA triplet, code for specific amino acid


- tRNA / K has corresponding/ complementary, triplet/ anticodon
- tRNA/ K attached to specific amino acid
- codon and anticodon bind
- adjacent amino acid join by peptide

-1
-1
-1
-1
-1

[max 4M]
3. a)(i) Step 1: Transciption
Step 2: Translation
(ii)A : DNA
C: polypeptide
(b) The double helix DNA unzip and one of the stand act as template.
- The template is used to form (a single stranded) mRNA

-1
-1
-1
-1
-1
-1

- The free nucleotide are attached together based on the complementary -1


base pairing principles (between DNA and RNA)
[max 2 M]
(c)(i) Enzyme can be reuse
- The product is not contaminated with enzyme.
- The enzyme can be used at wider temperature and PH

(ii)- Trap in an carrier matrix such as resin


-

Place in gel like silica


Bind by covalent bond in matrix like cellulose

4. (a)(i) Sarcomere
(ii)A: Z line
-1
B: Actin
C: myosin

-1
-1
-1
[max 2 M]
-1
-1
-1
[max 2 M]

-1

-1
-1

(b) (i) I band


(ii) I band and H zone

-1
-1

(c)(i) Provide energy to break cross-bridges/rotate myosin head


- Provide energy to pump actively calcium ions back into the
Sarcoplasmic reticulum

-1
-1

(ii)- Calcium ions bind to troponin causing reorientation of the tropomyosin


-1
-

Exposing myosin head binding site on the actin filament

-1

Section B
No
1.

Answer

M
1

1
Max5

1.

b)- Example of postzygotic mechanism are hybrid inviability/


hybrid sterility/hybrid breakdown

1
Max
10

2.

1
Max 4

Max 4

2.

Max 7

3.

a)
Max 9

b)
Max6

4.

a)

1
Max 7

b)(i)

Max 2
b)(ii)

1
1

Max 3
b)(iii)
1

1
1
Max 3