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BRAZIL BIOMASS AND

RENEWABLE ENERGY

INVESTMENT PLANT
AGRO BRIQUETTE FUEL
ENERGY

Brazil Biomass and Renewable Energy – Brazilian Association Industry Biomass


Brazil. 570, Candido Hartmann -24-243 Curitiba Parana Brazil 80730-440 Phne: 55 41 33352284 88630864
Skype celso.marcelo.de.oliveira Url: www.internationalrenewablesenergy.com http://biomassbrazil.blogspot.com/
e-mail Brasil: diretoria@brasilbiomassa.com.br Portugal: cmoconsultoria@sapo.pt USA: brazilbiomass@aol.com
INVESTMENTS
THE COMPANY RENEWABLE BIOMASS FUEL AGRO-BRIQUETTE PLANT AGRO-
AGRO-
ENERGY BRIQUETTE BB
THE COMPANY
BRAZIL BIOMASS AND RENEWABLE ENERGY
PRESIDENT CELSO MARCELO DE OLIVEIRA
BRAZIL BIOMASS BUSINESS

INTERNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY

Since 1990 International CMO Consulting and Business Management specializing in International Law and
1990 Business Energy and Biomass with the Director Celso Oliveira who published forty-four books law in Brazil.

2004 Since 2004 Brazil Biomass Renewable Energy specializing in the renewable and energy efficient biomass.

2005 2005 International Renewable Energy Biomass-Wood Chips-Pellets-Briquette

2006 Since 2006 European Energy SRL Business Biomass in Portugal and Spain.

2007 Partner Company Portugal Enerswiss Energia Pura.

2008 2009 Operating Brazil's exports Briquette and Pellets Europe

2009 Since Brazilian Association Industry Biomass.

2009 Operating in Brazil's exports Wood Chips.


BOARD OF DIRECTORS

BRAZIL BIOMASS AND RENEWABLE ENERGY


President Dr.
Dr. Celso Marcelo de Oliveira
The director of the Brazil Biomass and Renewable Energy and the International CMO Consulting and
Business Management Ltd Ltd.. and the European Energy SL.
SL. He is a member of the Brazilian Institute of
Corporate Law, Banking Law, Policy and Consumer Rights, Tax Law and the Brazilian Academy of
Tax Law, the Portuguese Chamber of Commerce in Southern Brazil, American Chamber of
Commerce, International Confederation of Entrepreneurs of the Portuguese . Member of the
European Biomass Industry Association and President of the Brazilian Association of Biomass
Dra.. Maria Denise Martins de Oliveira
Dra

MEMBROS PARTNER BUSINESS BRASIL BIOMASSA


SANTA CATARINA
BRASIL BIOMASSA E ENERGIA RENOVÁVEL S.A. - BMLOG LOGÍSTICA INTERNACIONAL LTDA - MADEIREIRA LUDGERO –
CAVACOS RESCAROLLI – BATTISTELA FLORESTAL – SUDATI COMPENSADOS-
COMPENSADOS-MDF – GUARARAPES COMPENSADOS
COMPENSADOS--MDF
ILP IMBITUBA LOGÍSTICA PORTUÁRIA LTDA - ALTERNATIVA OPERAÇÕES FLORESTAIS LTDA - G PORT DESPACHO
ADUANEIRO LTDA
FUMIDEX E DEDETIZAÇÃO LTDA - ARMAZENS HDO LTDA
PARANÁ GRUPO MOURA SANTOS – CONSULADO GERAL DO SENEGAL
ESPIRITO SANTO PARTNER IMPORTAÇÃO E EXPORTAÇÃO LTDA
MEXICO
RIO DE JANEIRO PIANKA ENGENHARIA DE CORROSÃO LTDA
RIO GRANDE DO SUL
PIER TRADING - PORTO SEGURO DESPACHOS ADUANEIROS
TRANSEG LOGÍSTICA LTDA - BRASTIL AGENCIAMENTOS DE CARGAS - STIL SERVICE - MOTION AGENCIAMENTO DE CARGAS
- COTRY COMERCIAL IMPORTADORA E EXPORTADORA E ASSESSORIA ADUANEIRA
ADUANEIRA..
PARÁ BRIKET
THE COMPANY

Brazil Biomass and Renewable Energy an


Society of Production,
Production, Industrialization
and Export of Hard Wood Chips Pinus or
Eucalyptus,, Biomass Fuel Energy,
Eucalyptus Energy, Wood
Pellets – Agro-
Agro-Pellets Bagasse Sugar Cane
and Wood Briquette – Agro
Agro--Briquette and
the Development of Projects with the use
of Forest Residues for Co-generation of
Industrial Wood Chips BB
Energy.
nergy.
VISION

Energy Solutions Based on Biomass and


Biofuels Cleaner and Renewable Energy
for Large National and International
Companies,, in order to Mitigate the Impact
Companies
that their Activities have on the
Environment by Reducing Emission of
Greenhouse Gases
Gases,, Generating earnings in
its Financial account of Energy and the
Industrial Wood Chips BB
sale of Carbon Credits.
Credits.
MISSION

The Mission Brazil Biomass and


Renewable Energy is to Production
Biomass Wood Chips,
Chips, Pellets and
Briquette and Cooperate in the
Development of Projects through
Sustainable Solutions to Waste
Management for a Renewable Energy Hard Wood Chips BB
and Energy Efficiency by Biomass.
Biomass.
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS PARTNERSHIP

Barroman S. A.– Cree Industries - Tally Tropicals - Elite International Globe Trade - Asiskyb Lda - Energy Trading-
Eastco International- Engo Tech GmbH - Pellets Trading - Biorema GmbH – Denergi Aps –Beijieg Import Export-
Poerful Trading - PT Surya- Biz Pons Trading- BFB Thailand– South Africa Renewable Energy Engineer Technology
Centre - Bruce Manson and Associates
INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIP BB

In Brazil remains an An Overview of


important institutional Renewable Energy
partnership with the Industry Canada's National
National Network of Renewable Energy
biomass with in Europe Laboratory * International
and the United States with Renewable Energy Alliance
American Renewable International Energy
Energy.. We maintain a
Energy Agency Innovative
technical exchange with Approaches to the
the Renewable Energy and Renewable Electricity
Energy Efficiency System Integration of
Partnership * Accelerating Global Bioenergy
the Deployment of Partnership * German
Renewable Energy Renewable Energy
Technologies::
Technologies Regional Federation European
Report from the Renewable Energy Council
Renewable Energy and - Renewable energy policy
Energy Efficiency in Europe - 20
20%% by 2020 *
Partnership * The World New Energy Future
Bank Group - Accelerating Coalition Alliances for a
Clean Energy Technology New Energy Future *
Innovation..
Innovation
BRAZILIAN ASSOCIATION INDUSTRY BIOMASS

A group of
A WOLE NEW WORLD
leading Most of the woody biomass-
biomass-
biomass companies in to-
to-energy plants Brazil
Brazil formed the Biomass use direct-direct-fired
Brazilian Association of system or conventional
Industry Biomass and steam boiler, whereby
Renewable Energy or biomass feedstock is
Biomass Thermal Energy directly burned to produce
Council dedicated to steam leading to generation
advancing the use of of electricity.
electricity. In a direct
direct--
biomass for heat and fired system, biomass is fed
other thermal energy from the bottom of the
applications..
applications The boiler and air is supplied at
founding members of the base.
base. Hot combustion
ABIB include biomass fuel gases are passed through a
producers, appliance heat exchanger in which
manufacturers and water is boiled to create
distributors, and supply steam.. The administration
steam
chain companies that of the company shall be
represent the breadth of held President Brazilian
interests in the fast Association of Industry
growing biomass thermal Biomass and Renewable
energy industry.
industry. Energy..
Energy
Global warming is one of the
biggest challenges facing
mankind.. If no action is taken to
mankind
limit global warming, there will
be disasterous consequences
including::
including more extreme
weather occurrences such as
flooding and draughts, rising
sea levels, reduction of drinking
water, spreading of diseases
and extinction of endangered
species..
species

RENEWABLE ENERGY
CLIMATE CHANGE

Climate change is occurring.

CO2 is a major greenhouse gas


produced from burning fossil fuels.
fuels.

Climate change is and will continue to


impact the planet’s ecosystems in
ways we don’t fully understand.
understand.

Due to climate change, some places


will experience hotter, drier summers
which may exacerbate this problem.
problem.
SCIENCE: EVIDENCE, MECHANISMS AND SCENARIOS

Earth warmed by more than 0.6 degrees Celsius (ºC)


over the 20th
20th century
century.. Past fluctuations in naturally-
naturally-
occurring atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations
have caused Earth to warm and to cool, in cycles of
around 100,
100,000 years, with the timing of these cycles
largely determined by a repeating pattern in the Earth’s
solar orbit.
orbit.
Each doubling of greenhouse gas concentration raises
Earth’s equilibrium temperature by about 3ºC.
ºC. But there
is considerable systemic inertia
inertia:: even were emissions
to cease today, Earth’s temperature would continue to
increase, by more than 1ºC.
ºC.
Greenhouse gas emissions will not cease, however: however:
‘business as usual’ trends imply concentration rising
above 500ppmv
500ppmv by 20502050.. In turn, a base case scenario
suggests that Earth’s temperature will likely increase by
2-5ºC by 2100 2100.. Emerging evidence on positive
feedbacks raises the possibility that the temperature
rise will be significantly greater
greater..
CONSEQUENCES OF GLOBAL WARMING

According to the International Panel on Climate Change


(IPCC) it is imperative that we prevent a global warming
of more than 2oC in order to stop the most dramatic
consequences of climate change. change. Most scientific
evidence tells us that the global temperature can
increase by more than 2oC by the end of this century if
no actions are taken
taken..
Radiation from the sun is reflected by the earth earth..
However, due to the increasing level of greenhouse
gases in the atmosphere, radiation is reflected back
from the atmosphere to the earthearth.. This leads to global
warming..
warming
One of the consequences of global warming above 2oC
will be the melting of glaciers, which leads to reduced
water and food resources.
resources. In addition, the sea level will
rise, and there will be more extreme weather events,
more storms, draughts and floods.
floods.
In fact, if no action is taken to reduce global warming,
25 percent of all species on our globe could become
extinct.. Furthermore, hundreds of millions of people will
extinct
be left without sufficient food and water
water..
SOLUTIONS

The good news is that it is possible to reduce the risks of


dramatic consequences by reducing greenhouse gas
GHG emissions significantly.
significantly. In addition to the obvious
solutions, energy efficiency, renewable energy and forest
management.. Some solutions to global warming:
management warming: Use of
agricultural wastes that are not usable in the form of
biomass fuel energy
energy..
News technology for removing CO CO22 from large emission
sources like biomass and gas power plants as well as
large industrial plants.
plants. More solutions to global warming:
warming:
biomass agro-
agro-briquette power plant.
plant. Large stationary
CO
CO2 2 sources like fossil fuel power plants, refineries and
industrial plants for production of steel, cement and
ammonia account for about 50 percent of global CO CO22
emissions.. If Biomass Fuel Agro-
emissions Agro-Briquette is applied to
these plants most of their CO CO22 emissions can be
eliminated..
eliminated
This means that Brazil Biomass can contribute to
significant reductions in global CO
CO22 emissions.
emissions.
WHAT IS THE
OPPORTUNITY
The conversion of biomass or agroagro--briquette to energy in Brazil poses a
unique opportunity to simultaneously address three challenging problems
problems:•
:•
The need to restore Brazil’s forest and residual health • Renewable energy
alternatives • The need to revitalize Brazil’s rural communities
With the peak of worldwide petroleum production in sight, interest in
alternative energy sources is growing
growing.. Most people recognize that
America/Europe/Asia is placing its economic future and national security at
risk by continuing to rely on fossil fuels which are becoming increasingly
expensive and often come from societies that are hostile to us us.. In addition,
it is becoming increasingly evident that fossil fuels carry heavy
environmental costs that must be addressed
addressed.. Conventional technologies
are available that can be applied immediately to produce electricity and
heat from biomass and agro briquette
briquette.. In fact, they have been applied for
decades by the forest products industry to utilize mill wood wastes and
generate a significant amount of energy
energy..
About 37
37% % of biomass‐
biomass‐derived energy came from wood wastes wastes.. Another
46%
46 % came from combustion of spent pulping liquor, a byproduct of the
papermaking process.
process. The potential payoff from production of liquid fuels
from biomass is greater.
greater. Technologies to convert cellulosic biomass such
as wood to ethanol, while not yet commercial, should be available within
the next decade.
decade .
IMAGES ENHANCES RETENTION BY 300%
BIOMASS FUEL ENERGY
BRAZIL BIOMASS AND RENEWABLE ENERGY
WHAT IS BIOMASS

Biomass energy is produced from wood, agricultural residues & wastes, and a
range of organic wastes such as animal slurry and food wastes wastes.. Energy is
produced using a variety of technologies and can take the form of heat, electricity
and transport fuel.
fuel.

The use of energy derived from biomass is likely to increase substantially over
the coming years, as technology continues to develop and production costs fall
fall..

Biomass to electrical power facilities are also considered to be carbon neutral as


CO2
CO 2 emissions generated by combustion is generally offset by the CO CO22
emissions consumed during the lifecycle of plant material.
material. By comparison, the
CO2
CO 2 emissions released from the combustion of fossil fuels (such as coal, oil and
natural gas) add to the imbalance of carbon emissions in our atmosphere, which
contributes to global warming
warming.. Furthermore, today’s biomass facilities are
outfitted with state-
state-of
of--the
the--art pollution control equipment to reduce other air
pollutants such as particulate matter and nitrogen oxides (“NOx (“NOx”)”) that would
otherwise result from the open burning of biomass or from forest fires
fires..
BIOMASS FUEL ENERGY

Biomass energy plays a vital role in meeting local


energy demand in many regions of the developing
world.. Biomass is a primary source of energy for
world
close to 2.4 billion people in developing countries . It
is easily available to many of the world’s poor and
provides vital and affordable energy for cooking and
space heating
heating.. Biomass
Biomass--based industries are a
significant source of enterprise development, job
creation and income generation in rural areas. areas.
Modern biomass energy is widely used in many
developing countries as well as in parts of the
industrialized world
world.. With proper management backed
by adherence to appropriate ecological practices,
modern biomass can be a sustainable source of
electricity as well as liquid and gaseous fuels. fuels.
Biomass, therefore, is not only a vital source of
energy for many today but is likely to remain an
important source of energy in the future subject to its
sustainable exploitation.
exploitation.
BIOMASS FUEL ENERGY

Various global studies on the potential of biomass indicate


that its use is expected to increase in the future
future.. The IEA
estimates that final consumption of biomass energy will
increase in most regions , although at a slower rate than
conventional energy consumption.
consumption. The share of biomass
energy in total global energy supply will, however, not
increase and is expected to remain at about 11% 11% . Modern
biomass technologies have the potential to provide improved
energy services based on available biomass resources and
agricultural residues.
residues. Widespread use of combined heat and
power generation biomass options in rural areas can address
multiple social, economic and environmental issues that now
constrain local development.
development. The availability biomass power
in rural areas could help provide cleaner, more efficient
energy services to support local development, promote
environmental protection, provide improved domestic fuels
and improve rural livelihoods
livelihoods.. Bioenergy technologies based
on sustainable biomass supply are carbon neutral and lead
to net CO2
CO2 emission reduction if used to substitute fossil
fuels.. Another advantage of modern biomass energy is its
fuels
job generation potential – a very important attraction for
many developing countries faced with chronic levels of
unemployment or under-
under-employment
employment..
BRAZIL BIOMASS AND RENEWABLE ENERGY
Brazil Biomass, a Bioenergy innovation company, provides technologies enabling “Energy
Agriculture and Carbon Capture” and is focused on the second generation biomass heating fuel:fuel:
agro--briquette and agro
agro agro--residues.
residues. Through a consortium
consortium--based system-
system-solution for sustainable
agro--briquette and heat production:
agro production: the system, agro-
agro-energy and biofuel production can be
deployed at locations where non-
non-food biomass and residues are abundant in Brazil.

BAGASSE
WOOD
SUGAR
BRAZIL
RESIDUAL
AGRO

AGRO
BRIQUETTE
BRIQUETTE

Brazil Biomass is committed to providing renewable and sustainable biomass fuel solutions to
industrial and commercial customers, primarily through the scientific development and global
distribution of briquette agricultural commodities.
commodities. By utilizing the earth’s abundant raw materials
and innovative technology, Brazil Biomass Energy promotes energy practices that provide
environmental, ecologic, and economic benefits.
benefits. The company is committed to delivering to market
a value-
value-added agricultural briquette fuel product that we anticipate will help provide an economic
stimulus to rural and regional agricultural economies.
economies.
AGRICULTURAL BIOMASS FUEL ENERGY
Brazil Biomass Energy agricultural biomass fuel agro-
agro-briquette are a unique and revolutionary
product.. Created from a specially formulated proprietary recipe incorporating various forms of
product
renewable agricultural biomass, this condensed form of fuel provides a sustainable, cost-
cost-efficient,
and environmentally responsible alternative to customary heat and electricity-
electricity-generating options
such as coal, natural gas, heating oil
oil..
Energy

Agricultural Environmentally
Biomass Responsible
Alternative AGRO BRIQUETTE
Sustainable FUEL ENERGY

Due to minimum dependence upon global politics and fluctuations of currencies, the supply and cost
level of agro-
agro-briquette fuel is more stable than imported fuels, thus, providing long-
long-term economic
security.. Additionally, several environmental benefits are derived through the use of agricultural
security
biomass energy when compared to non- non-renewable fossil fuels.
fuels. Such benefits include:
include: reduced air
and water pollution, increased soil quality and reduction of erosion, and improved wildlife habitat.
habitat.
ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY

We have Agro briquettes, Ideal for


use in boilers and electric plants
term. A new alternative in new
generation of the energy
processing agro briquette from
residues rejected in the
industrialization of the rice and
furniture (Sawdust).
The environmentally friendly
alternative, the intelligent way of
heating is wood briquettes.
Recycled from sawmill wasteMEXICO
in the
wood working industry, wood
briquette dissipate environmentally
friendly heat in a modern furnace.
ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY

Actual incorrect disposal

Accumulate in the factories

Incinerated

Disposed of in rivers

MEXICO

Negative impact
(polluting air
air,, water and soil)
soil)
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY

Renewable and a perfect substitute for


Sustainable in the long term
mineral fuels

Green when made from sustainable Plants absorb carbon dioxid


residues while growing

Avoid illegal disposal Less risk to the environment

More ecofriendly when the biomass is Replaces heating fuels


used in the production process
BENEFITS AND
OPPORTUNITIES
The use of bio- bio-based renewable and agro briquette
resources holds great potential value for industries in many
sectors, including energy, organic chemicals, polymers,
fabrics and health-
health-care products.
products. In general, a bio
bio--based
economy or biomass offers many benefits and opportunities:
opportunities:
New areas of economic growth and development for the
many regions that have plentiful biomass resources;
resources;
Creation of new innovative business sectors and
entrepreneurial skills
skills;;
Improved energy security, by reducing dependence on non- non-
renewable resources
resources;;
Enhance economic and environmental linkages between the
agricultural sector and a more prosperous and sustainable
industrial sector;
sector;
Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions;
emissions;
• improved health by reducing exposure to harmful
substances through substitution of natural bio bio--based
materials for chemical and synthetic materials;
materials;
• job creationIMAGES
and rural development
development.
ENHANCES . BY 300%
RETENTION
BIOMASS POTENTIAL BRAZIL

Products (%)
2009 Harvest Residue
Sugar Cane 686.645.793 339.889.667 49,5% Bag.
Wood Logs (m3) 121.520.350 46.177.333 0,38%
0,38%

Wood Residue 82.999.329 82.999.329

Corn (grain) 50.649.571 71.922.390 1,42%

Rice (in husk) 12.610.651 18.789.869 1,49%

Wheath (in grain) 5.866.825 8.741.569 1,49%

Coffee (in grain) 2.415.407 3.260.799 1,35%

Cocoa Nut 1.833.503 1.100.101 0,60%

Sorghum 1.831.264 2.600.394 1,42%

Cotton 1.799.355 4.408.419 2,45%

Potential Biomass
BIOMASS POTENTIAL BRAZIL

Brazil is the largest country in South America.


America. Approximately 2.3
million square kilometers 27 percent of Brazil’s total area of 8.5
million square kilometers can be considered "frontier" forest.forest.
Brazil's frontier forests comprise 17 percent of the world's
remaining frontiers, making it the third highest ranked country in
terms of remaining frontier forest.
forest. Brazil has the third largest
block of remaining frontier forest in the world and ranks first in
plant biodiversity among frontier forest nations.
nations.
Biomass in Brazil that is produced in tropical and sub sub--tropical
climates has an average productivity that is over five times
higher than that of biomass grown in the temperate regions of
Europe and North America.
America. In terms of today’s utilization of
biomass resources, this comparative advantage is best
illustrated by the development of sugarcane resources in Brazil,
mainly for biomass but also for some industrial products such as
bio energy
energy.. Brazil it provides the most commercially successful
case of developing a biomass resource for energy and industrial
applications.. Brazil, along with sub-
applications sub-Saharan Africa, has been
estimated as having the highest biomass potential— potential—after
accounting for food production and resource constraints—
constraints—among
any of the major world regions .
SOURCE - Grupo de Coordenação de Estatísticas Agropecuárias -
GCEA/IBGE, DPE,Potential Biomass
COAGRO, Levantamento Sistemático da Produção
Agrícola - Julho 2009
2009..
BIOMASS POTENTIAL BRAZIL

Forestry Residues
Thinning for forest health, wildfire risk
reduction
Processing residue
Agricultural Residues
Food--based
Food
Non Food-
Food-based
Perennial Grasses
Animal Waste

Briquetted fuels, as it is made out of


agro waste can be made easily available
and there is an advantage of bulky
garbage reused with high fuel efficiency
efficiency..
AGRO BRIQUETTE BRAZIL BIOMASS
BRIQUETTE FUEL BIOMASS

Biomass Briquettes are made from the


Agricultural waste
waste,, Forest Waste and
Industrial Waste.
Waste. It is converted into solid
cylindrical shape.
shape. The major residues are
Rice Husk,
Husk, Coffee Husk
Husk,, Coir Pitch
Pitch,, Jute
Sticks,, Sugarcane Baggasse
Sticks Baggasse,, Groundnut
Shell, Mustard StalksStalks,, Cotton Stalks
Stalks,,
Sawdust,, Caster Sedd Shells / Stalk
Sawdust Stalk,, Wood
Chips, Bamboo DustDust,, Tobacco Waste
Waste,, Tea
Waste,, Paddy Straw
Waste Straw,, Wheat Straw, Straw,
Sunflower Stalk
Stalk,, Palm HuskHusk,, Soyabean
Husk,, Veneer Residues
Husk Residues,, Barks and Straws
Straws,,
Forestry waste
waste,, Seeds Cases etc. etc.,
Briquettes are the only Binding
Binding.. Biomass
briquettes are eco eco--friendly renewable
source of energy and avoid adding fossil
carbon to the atmosphere
atmosphere..
BRIQUETTE FUEL BIOMASS

A number of companies in Brazil have


switched from furnace oil to biomass
briquettes to save costs on boiler fuels
fuels..
The use of biomass briquettes is
predominant in the Brazil, where coal
and furnace oil are being replaced by
biomass briquettes.
briquettes. A number of units
in Brazil are also using biomass
briquettes as boiler fuel.
fuel. Use of
biomass briquettes can earn Carbon
Credits for reducing emissions in the
atmosphere.. Biomass briquettes also
atmosphere
provide more calorific value/kg and
save around 30-30-40 percent of boiler
fuel costs.
costs.
CARBON EMISSIONS OF DIFFERENT FUELS

Approx. life cycle CO2


Annual total CO2 emissions to heat a
Direct carbon emission Direct CO2 emission emissions (including
Net typical house
from combustion from combustion production)
calorific Carbon (20,000 kWh/yr)
Fuel See note 1
value content (%)
kg kg
(MJ/kg)
kg/GJ kg/MWh kg/GJ kg/MWh kg/GJ kg/MWh kg compared compared
with oil with gas
Hard coal 29 75 26 94 95 345 134 484 9680 -2680 -4280
Oil 42 85 20 72 73 264 97 350 7000 0 -1600
Natural gas 52 73 14 51 51 185 75 270 5400 1600 0
LPG 49.7 82 17 60 60 217 90 323 6460 540 -1060
Electricity - - 35 125 128 460 150 540 10800 -3800 -5400
Electricity
- 160 576 584 2100 16 58 1160 5840 4240
(wood chip ) -
Electricity
wood chip - - 80 286 292 1050 7 25 500 6500 4900
gasification)
Wood chips 6916 to 5316 to
19 50 26 94 95 345 1.2 to 1.7 4.2 to 6.2 84 to 124
(oven dry) 6876 5276
Wood pellets
(starting from
19 50 26 94 95 345 5.6 20 400 6600 6000
dry wood
waste)
Grasses/straw 6892 to 5292to
18 45 25 90 92 330 1.5 to 4.1 5.4 to 14.8 108 to 296
(oven dry) 6704 5104
Biogas
(60% CH4 40% 20 45 23 81 83 297 - - - - -
CO2)
AGRO--BRIQUETTE FUEL BIOMASS
AGRO

Brazil Biomass unlocks optimum combustion potential


and minimizes problems associated with combustion
of residual agro-
agro-biomass by fine-
fine-tuned fuel briquette
formulations for the second generation bioenergy fuel:
fuel:
Agrobriquette.. Customers can thereby turn by-
Agrobriquette by-product
biomass into bioenergy by using the agroagro--briquette
formulation by Brazil Biomass.
Biomass.

By analyzing a broad variety of biomass sources,


Brazil Biomass and Renewable Energy continuously
builds its industrial briquette formulation database
including:: element composition, ash analyses and
including
melting points, combustion conditions, incorporation of
enhancers/additives and optimizing of ignition
performance.. Furthermore, Brazil Biomass does lab-
performance lab-
scale verifications of different mixtures and their
combustion properties.
properties. Analyses are performed at lab
facilities at Department of Environmental University of
Parana, accredited partner labs for analysis and at the
state--of-
state of-the-
the-art combustion lab at IPT USP.
AGRO--BRIQUETTE
AGRO

Agro briquettes to process local agricultural


crop by-
by-products, forestry residues and
energy crops into high quality energy fuel
briquette..
briquette Briquettes products dramatically
increase their energy density creating
convenient, stable, uniform, flow--able
flow
products which are much cheaper to transport
and store than loose products
products.. Our products
offer a locally produced, secure, sustainable,
economic, energy supply and importantly, as
they are primarily derived from agricultural
crop do not affect food prices
prices.. We supply
large power utilities, co firing biomass to
produce electricity, industrial and agricultural
enterprises requiring process heat through to
Agro-Briquette Cocoa BB
commercial and domestic heating markets
markets..
AGRO--BRIQUETTE
AGRO

Agro briquettes can also supply a range of


briquettes baskets which allow our pellets
to be burned efficiently in traditional stoves
providing a sustainable alternative to gas
heaters for outdoors heating
heating..

We feel our products can make a real


contribution to combating climate change
whilst offering the security of supply, cost
effectiveness and quality a Brazil produced
product can deliver.
deliver. Agro briquette believes
Brazil can make an important contribution
to the energy requirements whilst reducing
carbon emissions from fossil fuels but has
to be managed properly like all resources
resources.. Agro-Briquette Bagasse
ECOLOGICALLY AGRO-
AGRO-BRIQUETTE

Ecologically sound by using Agro Briquette.


Briquette. Among products which guarantee
this balance of nature and development are Agro Briquette, fuel made from
compacted wood shavings and sawdust and residues agro, without any chemical
substance.. It is an excellent substitute for firewood, oil, coal and gas.
substance gas. Suitable for
industrial boilers, ovens, greenhouses, furnaces, fireplaces and barbecues, it is
an industrial product available all year round, in different measures and
diameters.. Some Main Advantages Agro Briquette Brazil Biomass.
diameters Biomass. Convenient
packaging allows for easier handling and storage.
storage. Fewer personnel are required
for handling as compared with firewood
firewood.. High flame temperature.
temperature. Allows for use
together with firewood or other biomass, even when wet. wet. Fast temperature
response and greater stability
stability..
ADVANTAGES THE AGRO-
AGRO-BRIQUETTE

Agro Briquette is an environmentally-


environmentally-friendly,
renewable source of energy energy.. Its most important
advantage is the zero balance of the emission of
carbon dioxide (CO (CO22), which is released during the
combustion of the biomass, as well as lower
emission of sulphur dioxide (SO2 (SO2), Nitrogen oxides
(NOx
NOx),), and carbon monoxide (CO), compared to
fossil fuels
fuels.. For example, the combustion of 1 GJ of
diesel oil results in the emission of 1.255 kg nitrogen
oxides, 0,004 kg nitrous oxide (N2 (N2O) and as much as
73,
73,84 kg carbon dioxidedioxide.. The combustion of the
same amount of residues agro results only in the
emission of 0,202 kg nitrogen oxides, whereas the
rate of emission of nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide
is equal to zero.
zero.
Using agro briquette for heating is becoming cost- cost-
effective - the prices of agro briquette are competitive
on the fuel market
market.. The use of agro briquette enables
to finally develop agricultural wastelands and to use Agro-Briquette
waste efficiently.
efficiently.
ADVANTAGES THE AGRO-
AGRO-BRIQUETTE

High density - easy storage and distribution


distribution..
Possibility to use in boiler plants with
automatic fuel supply
supply..
High heating efficiency - comparable to
lower quality.
quality.
Does not contain harmful materials
materials..
Low emission of sulphur dioxide and other
harmful substances during combustion
combustion..
Low content of ashes
ashes..
Ashes may be used as fertilizer
fertilizer..
Possible long
long--term storage in dry rooms
rooms..
Wide range of possible use use:: in individual
boiler plants, boiler plants in heating
networks, in fireplaces
fireplaces.
Agro-Briquette
AGRO--BRIQUETTE BAGASSE SUGAR CANE
AGRO

Currently, the use of greater potential for


generating electricity in the country is the
cake of sugar cane.
cane. The high productivity
achieved by the sugarcane crop, increased by
successive gains on processing of biomass,
have provided huge amount of organic matter
in the form of bagasse in sugar mills and
distilleries of cane sugar, linked to the main
electrical systems that meet the major centers
of consumption in the states of South and
Southeast regions.
regions. Moreover, the period of
harvest of sugar cane to drought coincides
with the major river basins of the Brazilian
hydroelectric park, making the choice even
more advantageous.
advantageous.

Potential of Sugar Cane Brazil


AGRO--BRIQUETTE BAGASSE SUGAR CANE
AGRO

The sugar-
sugar-alcohol sector generates a large amount of
waste that can be used in the generation of biomass,
mainly in the form of pellets and briquette.
briquette. Unlike the
production of wood, the cultivation and processing of sugar
cane are performed in large and continuous extensions,
and use of waste (bagasse
bagasse,, straw).
straw). Is facilitated by the
centralization of production processes
processes.. Beside we have the
potential to use these residues for generation of surplus
power, according to each state of the Federation
Federation..

BRAZIL BIOMASS Moisture Specific Calorific Ash


AGRO BRIQUETTE BAGASSE SUGAR CANE Content Gravity ValueKcal//
ValueKcal Content
(g/cm3) Kg

Agro--Briquette Bagasse Sugar Cane (LBF/UFPR)


Agro 7,36% 896,6Kg/m 4.499 0.96%

Agro--Briquette Bagasse Sugar Cane 38mm


Agro 12,14% 821,0 Kg/m 4.557 6,32%

Agro--Briquette Bagasse Sugar Cane 100mm


Agro 9,35% 1044Kg/m3 4.588 8,03%

Agro--Briquette Bagasse Sugar Cane (Midwest USA)


Agro 14,49% 55,5 g/cm3 4.806 2,95%

Agro--Briquette Bagasse Sugar Cane (LBF/SFB)


Agro 26,05% ***** 4.036 3,05%

Agro--Briquette Wood and Bagasse Cane (LBF/SFB)


Agro 10,51% 0,81 g/cm3 4.640 2,82%

Residue Bagasse Sugar Cane (LMA/UFES)


(LMA/UFES) 43,00% 0,50 g/cm3 4.250 4,00%
AGRO--BRIQUETTE BAGASSE SUGAR CANE
AGRO

20%
AGRO--BRIQUETTE BAGASSE SUGAR CANE
AGRO

MEXICO
AGRO--BRIQUETTE RESIDUAL RICE HUSK
AGRO

Using the locally sourced rice husk, which


would otherwise be left as waste, the Brazil
Biomass can now convert this waste biomass
to meet all its energy requirements.

The project has involve the installation of a 5


MW rice husk-fired boiler, designed to burn
100% briquette rice husk waste to generate
clean renewable electricity and steam.

Potential of Residual Rice Husk Brazil


AGRO--BRIQUETTE RESIDUAL RICE HUSK
AGRO

BRAZIL BIOMASS Moisture Specific Calorific Value Ash Content


AGRO BRIQUETTE Content Gravity Kcal/Kg
RICE HUSK (g/cm3)
Residue of Rice Husk 11,37% ***** 3.769 ****
(LPF/SFB)
AGRO--BRIQUETTE RESIDUAL BABASSU
AGRO

Babassu is the greatest wealth of extraction


Maranhão because it is the product most
important export of the state.
state. Maranhão has the
highest production.
production. The nut is extracted by the
small farmer in a rough manner, especially by
the female population, where the income is
obtained and exchanged for genres of
consumption in the greengrocers.
greengrocers. The major
focus of babassu are in the valleys of major
rivers Maranhão in the forest transition
transition..

It is estimated that the productive potential of the


babassu is above the ten million tons of
babassu coconut a year, which may allow an
annual production of about 1 billion liters of
ethanol, nearly 2 million tons of coal half a
million tons of oil, more than 2 billion m3 of gas
fuel and about 1.5 million tons of coconut shell.
shell
AGRO--BRIQUETTE RESIDUAL COCONUT
AGRO

They are a form of clean, renewable energy in


the truest sense, as the fines come from the
shell of the coconut fruit
fruit:: so, no tree needs to
be destroyed to produce the briquettes, and
they do not add to the pollution of the
environment, when used.
used.
AGRO--BRIQUETTE RESIDUAL COTTON WASTE
AGRO

A new densification process turns cotton gin trash


into cost-
cost-effective briquettes that can be used as a
replacement for fossil fuels such as gas, oil, or
coal..
coal

This effort was part of Brazil Biomass Initiative


where research was targeted to identify
opportunities to add value to the 2.5 M tons trash
from each season's cotton crop..
crop..

BRAZIL BIOMASS Moisture Specific Calorific Ash


AGRO Content Gravity Value Content
BRIQUETTE (g/cm3) Kcal/Kg
COTTON WASTE
Residue of Cotton 24,37% ***** 4.159 28,52%
Waste (LPF/SFB)
AGRO--BRIQUETTE RESIDUAL COTTON WASTE
AGRO

20%
AGRO--BRIQUETTE RESIDUES COFFEE
AGRO

As agricultural residues, coffee husks do not


compete with food provision or animal feed
chains and do not require any extra land
usage. The great part of the husks is valueless
in Brazil, so usually they get left behind rotting
at the processing factories, producing
methane, a dangerous greenhouse gas.

BRAZIL BIOMASS Moisture Specific Calorific Ash


AGRO BRIQUETTE Content Gravity Value Content
COFFEE (g/cm3) Kcal/Kg
Agro-Briquette of
Agro- 11,02% 1,23 g/cm3 4.300 6,02%
Coffee Hull
(LPF/SFB)
Agro-Briquette of
Agro- 12,07% 1,20 g/cm3 4.574 5,30%
Coffee Hull
(LPF/SFB) I
AGRO--BRIQUETTE RESIDUES CORN
AGRO

BIOMASS Moisture Specific Calorific Ash


AGRO BRIQUETTE RESIDUE CORN Content Gravity Value Content
(g/cm3) Kcal/Kg
Agro--Briquette Residue Corn (LBF/UFPR) 38mm
Agro 12,62% 1171 4.692 5,62%
Kg/m3
Agro--Briquette Residue Corn (LBF/UFPR) 100mm
Agro 8,06% 956,0 4.728 4,43%
Kg/m3
AGRO--BRIQUETTE RESIDUES COCOA
AGRO

BRAZIL BIOMASS Moisture Specific Gravity Calorific Value Ash


AGRO BRIQUETTE COCOA Content (g/cm3) Kcal/Kg Content
Agro-Briquette Residue of Cocoa
Agro- 9,64% ***** 4.411 10,70%
(DEA/UFV)
Agro-Briquette Residue of Cocoa
Agro- 18,51% ***** 4.472 13,72%
(LBF/UFPR)
AGRO--BRIQUETTE MISCANTHUS s
AGRO

Miscanthus is a perennial grass, which satisfies the


criteria for the ideal energy crop
crop.. It is both profitable
and environmentally friendly, and suitable for
production across large areas of the EUEU..
Miscanthus is a large perennial grass with potential for
use in energy production.
production. Non-
Non-invasive-
invasive- planted fields
land easily reclaimed for corn/soy bean. bean. High
yielding, low/no input
input.. Excellent for carbon
sequestration and soil building
building.. Yield estimates from
10
10--15 tons per acre.
acre. Potential income generation
through carbon credits.
credits.
Drax supplies around 7% if the UK's entire electricity
and is mindful of the fact that co-
co-firing is one of the
largest sources of renewable energy generation in the
UK
UK-- a fact that is often overlooked
overlooked.. Recognising the
clear benefits fo using Energy Crops like Miscanthus
and developing local supply chains, Drax plans to
increase its requirement for the crop by tripling the
existing supply contract from 100,100,000 to 300,
300,000
tonnes per year
year..
BIOMASS –AGRO
AGRO--BRIQUETTE MATERIALS

Bulk Calorific
Ash
Biomass Grade Density C% H% N% O% values
Content
Kgs/m3 Kcal/Kg
Castor stick 5.40 45.97
45.976.65
6.65 1.28 40.70 4300
Castor Seed Shell 8.00 44.25
44.255.65
5.65 0.16 41.94 3.860
Corn Cobs 11
11%
% 304 1.20 41.44
41.445.96
5.96 0.14 51.26
Cotton Pods 5.01 41.49
41.496.20
6.20 1.81 45.49 4200
Saw Dust Loose 177 1.20 52.28
52.285.20
5.20 0.04740.85
0.04740.85 4400
Straw Loose 80 15.50 35.975.28
35.97 5.28 0.17 43.08 3700
Wooden (hard)
hard) - 330 1.50 52.30
52.305.20
5.20 0.50 42.00 4400
Bagasse 50% 0.12 74 - 160 kg 4.00 47.006.50
47.00 6.50 0.00 42.50 4200
Coirjjith 0.12 47 13.60 41.274.02
41.27 4.02 1.51 39.60 4100
Cotton Shell 0.21 79 4.60 44.19
44.195.87
5.87 0.73 44.61 4200
Coconut Wastes 6.31 46.69
46.695.89
5.89 0.07 41.04 3720
Coffee Husk 11.61 46.466.26
46.46 6.26 0.72 34.95 3745
Eucalyptus Saw dust 0.12 239 0.21 49.37
49.376.39
6.39 2.02 42.01 4400
Groundnut Shell 0.15 165 3.10 33.90
33.901.97
1.97 1.10 59.93 4500
Mulberry stick 2.49 44.23
44.236.61
6.61 0.51 46.25 4380
Rice Husk 0.12 93 22.20 36.424.91
36.42 4.91 0.59 35.88 3200
Sunflower Stalk 0.12 93 4.30 44.20
44.205.50
5.50 0.50 45.50 4300
Sugar cane leaves 0.13 167 7.71 39.75
39.755.55
5.55 0.71 46.82 4200
Saw dust 0.12 165 1.20 52.28
52.285.20
5.20 0.47 40.85 4500
Subabul 1.20 42j6 5.68 1.07 49.29 3980
Sweet sorghum stalk 7.40 41.83
41.835.90
5.90 0.53 44.34 4100
Tobacco dust 0.18 586 49.40 19.941.63
19.94 1.63 4.35 24.68 1164
Tea waste 0.17 100 6.70 45.97
45.975.40
5.40 2.76 39.17 4000
INVESTMENT PLANT AGRO BRIQUETTE
BRAZIL BIOMASS
SUMARY EXECUTIVE
Project Title Country: Brazil
Title:: Plant Agro Briquette Brazil Country:
Institution: Brazil Biomass and Renewable Energy Brazil
Nominating Institution:
sector: Energy Public/Private
Business sector: Public/Private:: Private
objectives: The project involves the construction of biomass agro
Project description and objectives:
briquette production facility in Brazil.
Brazil.
impact: The project will have a significant transition Impact derived mainly from:
Transition impact: from:
supporting regional expansion business encouraging foreign direct investments into Brazil,
skill transfer as well as demonstration effect of environmentally sound processing and bio bio--
fuel industry in Brazil, promotion of sustainable energy management standards and
certification through market mechanisms in Brazil.
Brazil.
Under the framework of the Kyoto Agreement, the generation of electricity from biomass
does not compute in terms of emissions, as the process involves the release of carbon
previously fixed in the atmosphere by photosynthesis.
photosynthesis. Positive impact in moderating global
climate change
change.. Favorable policies support biomass power generation.
generation. Biomass one of the
few renewable technologies that can provide competitively priced electricity today. today. Most
biomass power generation plants utilize the same technology with coal fired power plants. plants.
Cost of power generation from biomass MEXICO on a decreasing trajectory mainly due to
improvements in the technology
technology..
Details of Briquette Plant:
Plant: In a commercial proposal complete briquette plant for the
production of 8,000 tonnes per month of briquette has a total investment of US US$ $
1.616.
616.264,
264,65 and financial support and investment for the engineering process and working
capital..
capital
POTENTIAL IMPACT PLANT AGRO BRIQUETE

The environmental benefits of the use of renewable resources, resources, in terms of


reduction of CO
CO2 2 emissions (Kyoto objective)
objective) and of increased security of energy
supply,, are at the base of the energetic policy of the Brazil.
supply Brazil. An environmental
benefit at local level,
level, related to improvement of the air quality,
quality, is due to take place
as a result of the elimination of conventional heating boilers, of the selection of
environment--friendly technologies and of the particular attention in the decisions
environment
relevant to plants location.
location.
1. Introduction
Introduction.. Promoting a diversity of renewable energy generating resources in
Brazilis good energy policy for a state that has an electricity system heavily
dependent on hydropower and increasingly dependent on fossil fuels. fuels. Because
some renewable energy fuels are freely accessible and others are not subject to
fossil fuel price swings, they help stabilize electric rates.
rates. They contribute to a
healthy electric power infrastructure.
infrastructure. Similarly,
Similarly, developing a biofuels industry in
Brazil will help reduce our dependence on petroleum for transportation transportation..As
importantly,, developing the state’s renewable energy resources
importantly resources,, related
manufacturing and research and development presents a huge economic
MEXICO
opportunity,, particularly in rural parts
opportunity of the state where economic development
can be most challenging.
challenging. Investments stay in Brazil,
Brazil, creating jobs and growing a
“second crop”
crop” for farmers,
farmers, ranchers and forest landowners
landowners.. Finally
Finally,, renewable
energy is an investment in the environment by displacing the use of fossil fuel
generation and avoiding numerous pollutants and global warming gases. gases.
POTENTIAL IMPACT PLANT AGRO BRIQUETE

Energy conversion plant of moderate capacity


capacity,, subject to new and strict regulatory
rules with respect to environmental impact.
impact. Specifically,
Specifically, the impact of the Project
can be broadly referred to several contents
contents:: a) Presentation of the legislative and
regulations framework in a new and complex sector such as biomass utilization,utilization,
with reference to the specific prescriptions.
prescriptions. b) Rationalization of the biomass
market and selection of the biomass which can be conveniently utilized,
utilized, within the
specific context of Brazil . c) Identification of efficient
efficient,, proven and economic
technologies for biomass transformation,
transformation, and selection of the optimum models in
the framework of biomass availability and of heat demand.
demand. d) Example of territorial
investigation and planning of district heating systems, presentation of
methodologies and results in real conditions
conditions,, in order to disseminate the
knowledge,, identify opportunities in the area and stimulate the application in
knowledge
similar areas.
areas. e) Reduction of the emissions and improvement of the
environmental impact of the energy MEXICO
sector as a whole.
whole. f) Evaluation of the viability
conditions for some actual cases, in terms of technicaltechnical,, environmental and
economic aspects,
aspects, singling out benefits,
benefits, limits,
limits, constraints and barriers
barriers..The
biomass utilization may provide the following impact with respect to standards:
standards:
POTENTIAL IMPACT PLANT AGRO BRIQUETE

1. Increase of the local market of biomass as a fuel.


fuel.

2. Push towards a modernization of the Brazilian regulations relevant to the plants


for combustion of fossil fuel,
fuel, that even today foresee the compulsory adoption of
the open expansion vessel,
vessel, with an overall increase of the construction costs and
sometimes decrease of the efficiency of the energy conversion process.
process.

3. Push towards the development of rules and standards for the determination of
the avoided CO
CO22 emissions and the saving of fossil fuel,
fuel, in view of the application
of the Kyoto protocol and of the titles of energy efficiency.
efficiency.

4. Making the region as a national center for the export of biomass in the form of
wood chips to meet the high demand internationally.
internationally.

This project directly benefit the local community with the generation of thousands
MEXICO
of jobs and support the entrepreneurs with a new alternative to implement their
business.. It is a pioneer project in Brazil and must have international support
business support..
GOALS AND INITIATIVES
Among the benefits of renewable energy for the state state:: • Using forest residues to produce
energy can improve forest health, reduce wildfire risk and fire suppression costs, and
reduce overall smoke emissions from forestland burning burning.. • Generating energy from
waste gas at dairies, landfills and sewage treatment plants can reduce environmental
liabilities and provide another revenue source for businesses and communities communities.. •
Renewable resources help insulate from volatile fossil fossil--fuel prices
prices.. • Using renewable
energy resources reduces air pollution, thereby reducing health care costs and limiting
the impact of likely stricter federal emission standards in the future future.. • A healthy
environment helps attract and retain businesses and is also very important to the tourist
industry..
industry
The Benefits of Renewable Energy Resources
Resources.. Fossil fuels pose significant risks when
considering the availability and price.
price. Readily available energy at an affordable price is
essential for the manufacturing, agricultural, transportation, retail, and indeed all sectors
of Brazil economy
economy.. It is prudent that we diversify our investments and allocate a greater
portion to renewable resources.
resources. By focusing our efforts on renewable energy markets,
Brazil will better protect itself from the volatility of the wholesale electricity and natural
gas markets.
markets. It is essential that we act now to lay the foundation for accelerated
renewable energy development that will sustain Santa Catarina progress progress.. Developing
MEXICO
renewable resources reduces major health risks through reduced air, land, and water
pollution.. Adverse effects of global warming on weather and climate can be mitigated by
pollution
reduced CO CO22 emissions.
emissions. Economic Development and Job Creation Creation.. Brazil expect their
basic needs to be metmet.. They expect the Brazil to plan for and develop an environment
that produces social and economic benefits that meet current and future needs, while
preserving and restoring the health of the natural environment
environment..
GOALS AND INITIATIVES

3.Goals and Initiatives.


Initiatives. The Plan’s goal is to encourage and accelerate the sustainable
production of energy from renewable sources, stimulate economic development,
particularly in rural parts of the state, and improve the environmental future of the state
state..
The Plan intends to demonstrate a variety of technologies for tapping renewable
resources, and to help remove barriers to renewable resource development
development..

4. Biomass.
Biomass. Currently, there are biomass combustion boilers at more than industrial
Brazil . These boilers supply heat and energy for industrial processes
processes.. New biomass
energy markets may provide a way of disposing of otherwise problematic forest biomass
residues from timber harvests, stand improvement activities, fuels treatments, and
thinning in a cost
cost--effective manner
manner.. Agricultural and urban biomass wastes (extracted
solid wastes) can also be utilized as fuel for energy facilities
facilities.. The lack of certainty in
biomass outputs and the high cost of gathering and transporting forest and other
biomass to an energy conversion facility continue to be barriers to economic biomass
energy development
development.. However, investments in forest and other biomass conversion to
energy will lead to multiple environmental, economic, and social benefits. benefits. These
include:•
include :• reduced wildfire risks to communities and wildfire suppression costs to
MEXICO
taxpayers • increased timber supplies • improved forest health, water quality, wildlife
habitat, and recreation areas • reduced air pollution from wildfire and prescribed forest
forest.. •
extended landfill life with recovery of biomass • reduced and avoided carbon dioxide
emissions, and • maintenance of family
family--wage jobs and a forest industry infrastructure in
rural Brazil
Brazil..
SUMMARY INVESTMENTS EQUIPMENT BRIQUETTE

INVESTMENT IN EQUIPMENT BRIQUETTE


Value Equipment

1 THE MILLING SYSTEM US$


US$ 211.809,045

2 ASPIRATION SYSTEM US$ 136.180,904

3 TRANSPORT SYSTEM OF WASTE US$


US$ 417.085,427

4 WASTE STORAGE SYSTEM US$


US$ 174.623,115

5 SYSTEM BRIQUETTING US$ 352.596,314

MEXICO US$ 323.969,849


6 UTILITIES AND SAFETY SYSTEM

US$
US$ 1.616.264,65
PLANT BRIQUETTE

MEXICO
EQUIPMENT BRIQUETTING BRAZIL

MEXICO
EQUIPMENT BRIQUETTING BRAZIL

MEXICO
EQUIPMENT BRIQUETTING BRAZIL

MEXICO
EQUIPMENT BRIQUETTING BRAZIL

MEXICO
EQUIPMENT BRIQUETTING BRAZIL

MEXICO
EQUIPMENT BRIQUETTING BRAZIL

MEXICO
EQUIPMENT BRIQUETTING BRAZIL

MEXICO
INVESTMENTS PLANT AGRO BRIQUETTE

 INVESTORS
 FINANCING
 INVESTMENTS
EQUIPMENT
 FORM OF RETURN  MONTHLY PAYMENT
 VALUE INVESTMENTS  US$ 1.616.264,65
 PERIOD CONTRACT  24 MONTHY
 VPL  USD 2.779.975,19
 TIR/YEAR  36,00%

The contract guarantees that we provide to the investor


investor::
(a) Equity Contribution Agreement for Financial Support of sponsors (Sponsors Support Agreement)
commitment to contribute to shareholder equity by the investor integrating themselves into society for
the specific purpose of fulfilling the obligations of the company with the loan for financial security to pay
the costs of the first shipments (cost overrun).
overrun).
(b) Termination Undertaking (also called completion undertaking) --- commitment to completing the design
MEXICO
of the first shipments of briquette, and (and) agreements on distribution of dividends to the security of
financial return
return..
(c) The shareholder investor will have the security and the participation of 20 20%
% of the shares of SPE
throughout the duration time of the contract.
contract. Has the business a fee of 20 20%% of operating profit for the
entire duration of the export
export.. But where should the owner of the vessel to the chartering of the ship at
cost,, it will have a monthly dividend of 20
cost 20%% of operating profit.
profit.
(d) Additional security:
security: Products sold on behalf of the investor for a period of 24 months
Investments/Financing
 INVESTORS

 INVESTMENTS  FINANCING EQUIPMENT

 FORM OF RETURN  MONTHLY PAYMENT


 VALUE INVESTMENTS  US$ 1.616.264,65

 PERIOD CONTRACT  24 MONTHY

 VPL  USD 2.779.975,19

 TIR/YEAR  36,00%

The contract guarantees that we provide to the investor:


investor:
(a) Equity Contribution Agreement for Financial Support of sponsors (Sponsors Support Agreement) commitment to contribute to
shareholder equity by the investor integrating themselves into society for the specific purpose of fulfilling the obligations of the
company with the loan for financial security to pay the costs of the first shipments (cost overrun).
overrun).
(b) Termination Undertaking (also called completion undertaking) --- commitment to completing the design of the first shipments of
briquette, and (and) agreements on distribution of dividends to the security of financial return
return..
(c) The shareholder investor will have the security and the participation of 20% 20% of the shares of SPE throughout the duration time of
the contract.
contract. Has the business a fee of 20%
20% of operating profit for the entire duration of the export.
export. But where should the owner
of the vessel to the chartering of the ship at cost, it will have a monthly dividend of 20%
20% of operating profit.
profit.
(d) Additional security:
security: Products sold on behalf of the investor for a period of 24 months

73
The world biomass potential is considerable 5,650 MTOE/y
(2050
2050)):
• The technical EU 25 Biomass Potential is considerable:
considerable: 600
MToe/year
MToe /year (year 2020
2020,, 38%
38% of total consumption)
• Some bioenergy activities are already economically viable
how agro briquette.
briquette.
• Integrated processing of biomass resources improves the
economics
• Some policy measures are vital to accelerate the deployment
of bioenergy
• For the accomplishment of the proposed bioenergy targets
the estimated total investment (up to year 2020
2020)) is estimated at
~ 174 Billion €
• • Brazil Biomass and Brazilian Association Industry Biomass
is going to play an important role
role..