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an easy to catch-up & simple ways of 2D and 3D design and drafting at your fingertips

prepared by ~ randy e. lopez

Definition of AutoCAD;
Automatic Computer - Aid Drafting
AutoCAD is a CAD software application for 2D and 3D design and

drafting. Developed and sold by Autodesk, Inc. First released in December 1982, AutoCAD was one of the first CAD programs to run on personal computers, notably the IBM PC. At that time, most other CAD programs ran on mainframe computers or minicomputers that were connected to a graphics computer terminal for each user. AutoCAD derived from a program called Interact, which was written in a proprietary language (SPL) and ran on the Marinchip Systems 9900 computer Marinchip was owned by Autodesk co-founders John Walkers and Dan Drake.)

Why AutoCAD?;
1. We Always Draw in Full Scale 2. Show Different Area of One Model 3. Less Styles to Manage 4. Easy to Control Drawing Scale 5. Different Drawing Orientation 6. Different Drawing Representation with Layer Properties per

Viewport 7. Get the Advantages of Annotation Scaling 8. Control Printing Preferences Easily 9. Sheet Set Manager Advantages 10. Batch Plot

Who are the AutoCAD Users?


Engineers,

Architects,
Draftsman, Lay-out Artists, Product Manufacturers, Computer Literates (who are flexible with different software) YOU. (after this training!)

AutoCAD can do:

AutoCAD Interface

MENU BAR LAYERS TOOL BAR WORKSPACE TOOL BAR

DIMENSION TOOL BAR PROPERTIES TOOL BAR

MULTILEADERT TOOLBAR

MODEL (DRAW AREA)


CROSSHAIR CURSOR MODEL & LAYOUT TAB MODIFY TOOL BAR

DRAW TOOLBAR

DRAW ORDER TOOL BAR

UCS ICON

COMMAND WINDOW STATUS BAR

Different Part of interface;

Input System

Everything drawn on AutoCAD are drawn at accurate scale. The drawings are placed on the sheet by co-ordinate system. In 2D, it is two axis -X,Y co-ordinate system and in 3D it is three axis- X,Y,Z coordinate system. You can see it while moving the cursor (which is actually called Cross Hair in AutoCAD) in the workspace, at the lower left corner the co-ordinates are shown simultaneously. The default co-ordinate system is called WCS (World Co-ordinate System). Everything you draw, are drawn in WCS. Sometimes designers need to change the default co-ordinate system for drawing purpose. That is called UCS (User Co-ordinate System).

Those were all linear inputs. But sometimes you have to draw angular lines. In that case you have to mention the angle. In AutoCAD angle is measured counter clockwise. The 0 degree starts from 3 oclock, then increases counter clockwise. For example, you have a line and need to draw another line at the left point at 450angle (Fig. 1). Now from the left point, upside the line, if you start measuring angle , it goes counter clockwise. So simply give the angle value 450. But if you have to draw the line from the right corner, the measurement goes clockwise. So you have to imagine it counter clockwise, then value should be 900+450= 1350 .

Training Workspace;

MENU BAR LAYERS TOOL BAR WORKSPACE TOOL BAR

DIMENSION TOOL BAR PROPERTIES TOOL BAR

MULTILEADERT TOOLBAR

MODEL (DRAW AREA)


CROSSHAIR CURSOR MODEL & LAYOUT TAB MODIFY TOOL BAR

DRAW TOOLBAR

DRAW ORDER TOOL BAR

UCS ICON

COMMAND WINDOW STATUS BAR

Training Workspace;

How to change Training Workspace;

(OTHER WAYS OF CHANGING WORKSPACE)

Discussion of Toolbars in Workspace (1) Menu Bar

(2) Workspace Tool Bar

(3)Layers Tool Bar

(4) Properties

(5A) Dimension Tool Bar

(5B) Dimension Tool Bar

(5C) Dimension Tool Bar

(5D) Dimension Tool Bar

(5E) Dimension Tool Bar

(5F) Dimension Tool Bar

(5G) Dimension Tool Bar

(6) Multileader Tool Bar

(7A) Draw Tool Bar

(7B) Draw Tool Bar

(7C) Draw Tool Bar

(7D) Draw Tool Bar

(7E) Draw Tool Bar

(7F) Draw Tool Bar

(8A) Modify Tool Bar

(8B) Modify Tool Bar

(8C) Modify Tool Bar

(8D) Modify Tool Bar

(8E) Modify Tool Bar

(9) Command Window

Command window shows at the bottom part of our workspace. It shows each actions taken or to about to be take. It also shows values and phrases on our cursor and below that serves as a guide on our drafting.

(10) Status Bar


CONTAINS;

Infer Constraints Snap Mode Grid Display Ortho Mode Polar Tracking Object Snap helpful tool see figure Object Snap Tracking 3D Object Snap Tracking Allow/Disallow Dynamic UCS Dynamic Input Show Line weights Show/Hide Transparency Quick Properties (we can explore the effect of these on our workspace, by switching ON/OFF .

(11A) Layout(proper scaling & printing)

STEPS ARE; 1 From model drawing area, CLICK the Layout1 or Layout2. 2 You can change the name of layout and edit by RIGHT-CLICKING the Layout. 3 Press control P or press the printer logo in menu bar, the plot window will appear, then adjust the paper size and units as shown above for us to have the proper way of scaling.

(11B) Layout (proper scaling & printing)

4 As seen on the window, you can now draw a title block or border lines in our printable output. 5 You can now insert our drawn objects in our model, by inserting the viewport inside our title block or border line.

(11C) Layout(proper scaling & printing)

At the figure above, this is how to insert a viewport in our Layout printable are., it is found at view roll down toolbar. See figure above. 6 SCALING after you inserted a view port, you can now scale by, double-clicking inside the rectangle view port, then type Z then SCALE. For example, you want to scale it to 1:100, you should type, 1000/100XP.

(11D) Layout(proper scaling & printing)

7 If we are done in our Layout, we can now print and see our output preview by clicking the window, then select the end to end of our border, and click the preview to check the output. 8 If its OK, you can now print by pressing the OK button, or right clicking-then plot.

Exercises/Output
Draw our own standard title block.

Draw the simple Exercise on scale.


Print the Standard title block and Exercise 1 on scale.

The title block and exercise as follows, shown in PDF

Thank you for your cooperation. Magandang GenSan! God bless.

prepared by; randy e. lopez

Exercises
Draw a simple floor plan exercise on scale applying line weights using

layers tool bar.


Print the floor plan exercise on our standard title block on scale.

HOMEWORK Continue drafting our elevations at home (Right and Front Elevations only), to enhance our skills on CAD.