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1.

Steel grades
1.1 Chemical analysis
The following table shows the chemical analysis in percentage of TS890

3. Workpiece temperature during welding


Every time that structural and wear resistant steel are welded it is very important to minimize the risks of cold cracking ( also known as hydrogen cracking or delayed cracking) . The main cause of cold cracking is the presence of hydrogen together with the stress in the welded joint. The risk of cracking is minimized by: preheating the parent material before welding; guaranteeing that the joint surface are perfectly clean and dry; minimizing the shrinkage stresses, which could be reached by a good fit between the workpieces and a well planned sequences of weld runs (balanced welding); selecting a filler material with low hydrogen content. To calculate the heat input could be used this following formula:
Q= I 60 * 1000 TIG EN Designation Size (mm) AWS Class EN ISO 636-A2008 W2Mo 2,4 AWS A5.28-05 ER70S-A1 MMA EN 757 E894 Mn2Ni CrMo B67 H5 3,25 - 4 AWS A5.5-06 E12018-M SAW EN 756 SZ 3Ni 2,5Cr Mo 2,5 MAG EN ISO 16834-A G89 6 M Mn4Ni2CrMo 1 AWS A5.28: E120S-G MAG EN ISO 16834-A G89 6 M Mn4Ni2CrMo 1,2 AWS A5.28: E120S-G

CHEMICAL ANALYSIS GRADE TS890 C 0.20 Mn 1.50 Si 0.50 P 0.020 S 0.010 Ni 0.30 V 0.10 Cr 0.80 Mo 0.70

Where : Q = Heat input [kJ/mm] U = Voltage [V] I = Current [A] V = Welding speed [mm/min] = Arc efficiency factor Description and product application field
Welding Method Manual Metal Arc (MMA) Gas Metal Arc (MAG) Submerged Arc (SAW) TIG (GTAW)
Value of Arc efficiency factory considering the different welding process

Other element like Nb and Ti might be added in order to increase hardenability and improve mechanical properties up to a total combined of 0.10 % max.

Welding Process TIG MMA MMA SAW MAG Arc efciency factory 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.7 Thickness mm Temperature C Thickness inch Temperature F MAG

Filler Metal Electrode size (mm) 2,4 3,24 4 2,5 1 1,2 Type & Polarity DC (-) DC (+) DC (+) DC (-) DC (+) DC (-)

Current Ampers (A) 145 - 155 130 - 140 160 - 170 270 - 290 185 - 205 220 - 240

Voltage (V) 13 - 14 22,5 - 23,5 23,5 - 24,5 25,5 - 26,5 15 - 16 19 - 20

Run-out lenght Trav Speed (mm;mm/min) 55 - 65 85 - 95 110 - 120 410 - 430 160 - 180 300 - 320

Heat Input (KJ/mm) 1,044 - 1,420 1,478 - 1,858 1,504 - 1,717 0,961 - 1,125 0,527 - 0,656 0,560 - 0,672

1.2 Weldability (see point 3)

Weldability is a key factor for the tubes in structural and engineering applications. Tenaris guarantees the good weldability of the product thanks to its controlled chemical composition with low carbon equivalent.

determined, based on the cast analysis, by this following formula (according to the IIW): CEV= C +
MAXIMUM CEV GRADE CEV % max TS890 0,70

Mn Cr+ Mo+V + + 6 5

Ni+Cu 15

3.1 Preheating

1.3 Carbon Equivalent Value (CEV)

A steel with a low carbon equivalent has a better weldability than a steel with a high value. The Maximum Carbon Equivalent Value (CEV) is

2. Mechanical Properties and Impact test


2.1 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
GRADE TS890 Minimum Yield strength (MPa) 20 890 >20 40 850 >40 820 WT (mm) 20 960 - 1130 Tensile Strength (MPa) >20 40 920 - 1090 >40 870 - 1040 Minimum Elongation Long All % 14

Preheating is very important in tack welding and in welding of the root pass. The higher the temperature during and after welding, the easier it will be for the hydrogen to escape from the steel. The need for preheating increases with the plate thickness to compensate for the faster cooling of thick plate, and because thick plate has a higher CEV value than a thinner plate. If the ambient is rich of humidity and / or the temperature is below 5 C, it occurs to increase the temperatures standards and also the temperature should be increased if the workpiece welded is rigidly restrained.
TS 890 Thickness (mm) Temperature (C) Thickness (inch) Temperature (F) 5,6 20 0,22 68 >5,6 12 100 >0,22 0,79 212 >12 25 150 >0,79 0,98 302 >25 40 175 >0,98 1,57 347

INTERPASS for all welding process TS 890 5,6 20 - 75 0,22 68 - 167 >5,6 12 100 - 150 >0,22 0,79 212 - 302 >12 25 150 - 175 >0,79 0,98 302 - 347 >25 40 175 - 250 >0,98 1,57 347 - 482

Preheating values (mm-inch / C - F)

2.2 IMPACT TEST PROPERTIES IN LONGITUDINAL DIRECTION


Charpy V - notch 10 x 10 at - 40 C (*) - Minimum Average Energy (J) Grade TS890 WT (mm) 40 > 40 Joule 45 40

The TS890 steel grade is weldable with traditional welding procedures, given observance of the generally accepted technical rules. It is very important to define a welding procedure which takes into account the following conditions: Thickness of the base material Specific heat input (specially for HAZ) Design requirements (for join preparation) Welding method used Weld material characteristics Special attention is taken towards cracks susceptibility, which is more likely to happen with high thickness and high resistance. This particularity is connected to the following factors: Chemical analysis (by means CEV) The amount of diffusible hydrogen in the weld material HAZ micro - structure Tensile stress concentrations at the weld joints Value of toughness in ZF and ZTA after welding process

The choice of filler material is in function with the demanded made on the mechanical properties of the welded joints in the different cases. Also it is important to choose a filler material which allows to keep an hydrogen content of 5 ml /100 g in the weld metal. The main benefits of choosing low-strength filler material rather than high-strength filler material (yield strength in excess of 500 N/mm2) are: Major toughness of the weld metal; Improved ductility of the welded joint; Reduce sensitivity to cracking. And finally for fillet welds, it is always recommendable to select under-matching filler material.

3.4 Selection of ller material

3.2 Post heating

Post heating of welded joint normally for this steel grade is not performed.

3.3 Selection of heat input

2.3 IMPACT TEST PROPERTIES IN TRANSVERSAL DIRECTION


Charpy V - notch 10 x 10 at - 40 C (*) - Minimum Average Energy (J) Grade TS890 WT (mm) 40 > 40 Joule 30 27

TS890 could be subjected to the following welding process: MMA (Manual Metal Arc) MAG (Gas Metal Arc) SAW (Submerged Arc) TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) It is important to establish the correct value of heat input to obtain a satisfactory combination of toughness, strength and preserve hardness of the heat affected zone (HAZ).

(*) Other test temperature may be performed upon agreement

This catalog was produced in collaboration with IIS Progress S.r.l. company of the Italian Institute of Welding Group. The Italian Institute of Welding is a Founder Member of International Institute of Welding (IIW) and European Welding Federation (EWF) and IIS Progress S.r.l. is an Authorized Training Body of IIW and EWF.

Description and product application eld

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Welding Recommendation TS890

Tenaris has developed the following steel grades, supplied in quenched and tempered condition: TS590 TS690 TS770 TS890

Reference Standards

The specification PSP 00148 is based on EN 10210-1/2 and SEW 090 t.2 standards. For the purpose of this specification based on means that these standards are only taken as reference, but full compliance with those documents is not envisaged. EN 10210-1 Hot finished structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine grain steels Part 1: Technical delivery conditions. EN 10210-2 Hot finished structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine grain steels Part 2: Tolerances, dimensions and sectional properties. SEW 090 t.2 Liquid quenched and tempered high-resistance fine grained steels General technical delivery conditions for tubes and hollow sections.

The main characteristics of these products, with respect to traditional steel grades, are elevated yield strength and very good toughness at low temperature, with a chemical composition that guarantees an optimum weldability. High strength seamless steel tubes used for structural and engineering purposes are produced according to Tenaris Specification PSP 00148. In all cases latest edition of this specification shall be used. These tubes are used in steel construction for civil and engineering purposes where the relationship between mass and space occupied is specially critical.

Welding Recommendation TS890 - Rev. 00 - May 2013 Tenaris has produced this catalogue for general information only. While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained within this publication, Tenaris does not assume any responsibility or liability for any loss, damage, injury resulting from the use of information and data herein. Tenaris products and services are only subject to the Companys standard Terms and Conditions or otherwise to the terms resulting from the respective contracts of sale, services or license, as the case may be. The information in this publication is subject to change or modification without notice. For more complete information please contact a Tenariss representative or visit our website at www.tenaris.com. Tenaris 2013. All rights reserved. IP