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Departamento de Educacin y Ciencia




Escuela Oficial de Idiomas n 2 de Zaragoza

The following are extracts from a speech given by Robin Cook, the British Foreign Secretary, in April 2001. Read the text carefully. Match the

sentences (a-f) with the gaps in the text (1-5). There is one extra sentence that you do not need. a) b)

And it isn't just our economy that has been enriched by the arrival of new communities perhaps even in a state of terminal decline because of the linguistic variety of the Population

d) e) f)

but because it is a perfect illustration of the way Britain absorbs and adapts external influences but the religion in them was secured by the succession of a Dutch prince but must be based on shared ideals and aspirations

Multicultural Britain
(A) Tonight I want to celebrate Britishness. Sadly, it has become fashionable for some to argue that British identity is under siege, (1) . I want to argue that where the pessimists identify a threat, we should instead see developments that will strengthen and renew British identity. (B) The first element in the debate about the future of Britishness is the changing ethnic composition of the British people. The British are not a race, but a gathering of countless different races and communities. It is not their purity that makes the British unique, but the sheer pluralism of their ancestry. (C) London was first established as the capital of a Celtic Britain by Romans from Italy. They were in turn driven out by Saxons and Angles from Germany. The great cathedrals of this land were built mostly by Norman bishops, (2) Outside our Parliament, Richard the Lionheart proudly sits astride his steed, a symbol of courage and defiance. Yet he spoke French much of his life, and depended on the Jewish community of England to put up the ransom that freed him from prison. (D) The idea that Britain was a 'pure' Anglo-Saxon society before the arrival of communities from the Caribbean, Asia and Africa is fantasy. But if this view of British identity is false to our past, it is false to our future too. The global era has produced population movements of a breadth and richness without parallel in history. Today's London is a perfect hub of the globe. It is home to over thirty ethnic communities of at least 10,000 residents each. In this city tonight, over 300 languages will be spoken by families over their evening meal at home. This pluralism is not a burden we must reluctantly accept. It is an immense asset that contributes to the cultural and economic vitality of our nation. (E) Legitimate immigration is the necessary and unavoidable result of economic success, which generates a demand for labour faster than can be met by the birthrate of a modemrndeveloped country. Our cultural diversity is one of the reasons why Britain continues to be the preferred location for multinational companies setting up in Europe. (F) (3) Our lifestyles and cultural horizons have also been broadened in the process. It reaches into every aspect of our national life. (G) Chicken Tikka Massala is now a true British national dish, not only because it is the most popular, (4) . Chicken Tikka is an Indian dish. The Massala sauce was added to satisfy the desire of British people to have their meat served in gravy. (H) The modem notion of national identity cannot be based on race and ethnicity, (5) . Some of the most successful countries in the modem world, such as the United States and Canada, are immigrant societies. Their experience shows how cultural diversity, allied to a shared concept of equal citizenship, can be a source of enormous strength. We should draw inspiration from that experience.
(Published on the Guardian Unlimited website, 19' April 2001)

HINTS FOR SUCCESS Read the gapped text first to understand the general idea of the content, meaning and structure. If the text is a narrative, look for tenses, words or phrases that indicate time (e.g. shortly after this, from my previous experience, it was the first time I had ) and linkers that show cause and effect (and it was for that reason, in order not to repeat that mistake, it was largely due to that advice that ) If the text presents and argument or discussion, you can look for cause and effect, phrases or linkers that show agreement or contrast (Many people would go along with that/However, scientists discovered that this was not the case/Nevertheless, researchers continued to maintain ) It is also useful to look for repeated names, dates and pronouns: At last one of the archaelogists found what seemed to be a clue. It was this (clue) that gave them (the archaelogists) hope. Dont just read the first and last line of each extract. Often the clues or connecting ideas are in the middle of the extract. KEY 1. B 2. E 3. A 4. D 5. F

From Pathfinder 5 Workbook, p 16, by Michael Harris, Longman Pearson Education S.A. This material may only be used for individual study; multiple copying and distribution are prohibited For further practice you can consult in the library Proficiency Gold Exam Maximiser, R. Mann, Longman