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IELTS TRAINING

a lesson on verb tenses


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verb tenses show when the action:


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happens happened will happen


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12 different verb tenses

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Simple Present

Pattern:

subject + am/is/are
subject + verb (s/es)

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Simple Present
show habitual actions
Examples:
I always take a shower in the evening. She works here every day. facts or generalizations

Examples:

The moon revolves around the sun. Rain falls from the sky.
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Simple Past

Pattern:

subject + was/were
subject + past form of the verb

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Simple Past
show completed action in the past
used to talk about dead people

Examples:
My mother did the laundry last weekend. Mozart wrote a lot of masterpieces.

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Simple Future

Pattern:

subject + will + base verb


subject + am/is/are going to + base verb

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Simple Future
shows that an action will or going to happen in the future The action has not happened yet.

Examples:
I will go to New Orleans next month. She will be arriving soon.

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Present Progressive

Pattern:

subject + am/is/are + verb~ing

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Present Progressive
for actions that are happening at the time of speaking.

Examples:
I am currently writing a new novel about my travels. She is working at her desk at the moment. She seems very busy.
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Past Progressive

Pattern:

subject + was/were + verb ~ing

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Past Progressive
to show that an action in the past was happening was interrupted by a shorter action

Examples:
Rico was cooking dinner when Honey arrived. They were answering the test when the bell rang.
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Future Progressive

Pattern:

subject + will be +verb~ing


subject + am/is/are going to be + verb~ing

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Future Progressive
shows that an on-going action in the future will be interrupted by another future action.

Examples:
The chef will be preparing the food tonight when I arrive. I will be studying tonight for the exam, so dont call me.
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Present Perfect

Pattern:

subject + has/have + past participle

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Present Perfect
to show that an action has started in the past and has a result in the present time

Examples:
I have washed the car. It is now clean and shiny. My sisters have been to Canada for three times. They like it very much.
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Past Perfect

Pattern:

subject + had + past participle of the verb

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Past Perfect
show that a past action happened before another action in the past

Examples:
Joel had had a car before he sold it to our family. I had studied Spanish before I went to Spain.
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Future Perfect

Pattern:

subject + will have been + past participle subject + am going to have + past participle

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Future Perfect
focuses on an action that will happen before another action in the future

Examples:
I will have finished cooking dinner for Macky before he arrives tonight. By the time I complete this course, I will have taken five tests.
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Present Perfect Progressive

Pattern:

subject + has/have been + verb~ing

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Present Perfect Progressive


show that an action has started in the past and is still happening until now

Examples:
She has been painting the walls for two hours. She really looks tired now. I have been teaching Koreans for 8 years. I like what I am doing.
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Past Perfect Progressive

Pattern:

subject + had been + verb~ing

Past Perfect Progressive


shows that an action had started in the past and continued until another action in the past.

Examples:
They had been talking about me when I arrived. Mr. Kim had been teaching in academy before he left for the UK. the

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Future Perfect Progressive

Pattern:

subject + will have been + verb~ing


subject + am/is/are going to have been + verb~ing
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Future Perfect Progressive


used to show that an action will be happening until another future action

Examples:
They will be cleaning the house for six hours before the visitors arrive. How long will you have been travelling before your trip ends?
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