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BSL99 Aluminium Casting Alloy

BS2L99 ALUMINIUM CASTING ALLOY (A1-Si7Mg0.3)

This alloy conforms to British standard 2L99. Castings are standardized in the solution treated and precipitation treated condition. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION % Copper 0.10 max. Magnesium 0.20-0.45 (0.25-0.45) Silicon 6.5-7.5. Iron 0.20 max. (0.15) Manganese 0.10 max. Nickel 0.10 max. Zinc 0.10 max. Lead 0.05 max. Tin 0.05 max. Titanium 0.20 max. Aluminium Remainder Others: each (0.05) Others: total (0.15) Figures in brackets are ingot compositions where they differ from the casting, single figures are maxima.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES SAND CAST 0.2%. Proof Stress (N/mm_) Tensile Stress (N/mm_) Elongation (%) Impact Resistance Izod (Nm) Brinell Hardness Endurance Limit (5x108 cycles; N/mm_) Modulus of Elasticity (x10_ N/mm_) Shear Strength (N/mm_) 185 230 2 75 56 71 160-180 CHILL CAST 200 280 5 80 90 71 170-200

The values in bold type are standardized properties for separately cast test samples produced to the requirements of BS 4L 101; those in normal type are typical properties. STRENGHT AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURES The tensile properties of 2L99 alloy at elevated temperatures are influenced by the condition (heat treatment) of the castings and the duration at the elevated temperature. For short term testing e.g., 30 minutes at temperature, the properties fall only slowly and uniformly up to about 200 C at which temperature the strength is reduced by approximately 20%. Very prolonged heating (10,000 hours) results in a sharp loss of strength at about 135 C, and at 200 C, the strength is less than half of that at room temperature.

BSL99 Aluminium Casting Alloy

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (per C at 20-100C) Thermal Conductivity (cal/cm_/C at 25C) Electrical Conductivity (% copper standard at 20C) Density (g/cm_) Freezing Range (C)approx MACHINABILITY The heat-treated alloy has fairly good machining properties, but tools should preferably be of high speed steel, and must be kept sharp. A moderately high rate of tool wear may be expected. Liberal cutting lubricant should be employed. CORROSION RESISTANCE Resistance to corrosive attack by sea water and marine atmospheres is high. ANODIZING A protective anodic film can be obtained by either the sulphuric or chromic acid process but the grey opaque character of the coatings of normal thickness precludes their colouring in light shades for decorative purposes. CASTING CHARACTERISTICS FLUIDITY Good, suitable for fairly thin castings. PRESSURE TIGHTNESS Good, suitable for castings required to be leak tight. HOT-TEARING Excellent. Problems due to hot tearing are seldom encountered. TYPICAL POURING TEMPERATURE - 710 C The practical temperature may range between 675-790 C, depending on the mould configuration. PATTERNMAKERS SHRINKAGE 1.3% OR 1/75 HEAT TREATMENT BL 2L99 (fully heat treated) Heat for not less than 12 hours at 535-545C, quench in water at not less than 65C,or in a polymer quenchant not hotter than 30 C, followed by a precipitation treatment of not less than 4 hours at 150160C and air cool. APPLICATIONS 2L99 alloy is mainly used where good mechanical properties are required in castings of a shape or dimensions requiring and alloy of excellent castability in order to achieve the desired standard of soundness. The alloy is also used where resistance to corrosion is an important consideration, particularly where high strength is required. It is used for aircraft pump parts, aircraft fittings and control parts, aircraft structures and engine controls. 0.000022 0.36 39 2.68 615-550