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Isolated Footing Design

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Isolated Footing Design(ACI 318-05)


Design For Isolated Footing 1
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry Width

Length

Thickness

2.900 m

2.900 m

0.400 m

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Footing No. Bottom Reinforcement (Mz)

Footing Reinforcement Bottom Top Reinforcement Reinforcement (Mx) (Mz)

Pedestal Reinforcement Top Reinforcement (Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel

#5 @ 22 cm c/c

#5 @ 20 cm c/c

#4 @ 22 cm c/c

#4 @ 22 cm c/c

N/A

N/A

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Isolated Footing 1

Input Values
Footing Geomtery
Footing Thickness (Ft) : 0.40 m Footing Length - X (Fl) : 1.00 m Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 1.00 m Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.00 m Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.00 m

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Column Dimensions
Column Shape : Rectangular Column Length - X (Pl) : 0.50 m Column Width - Z (Pw) : 0.50 m

Pedestal
Include Pedestal? No Pedestal Shape : N/A Pedestal Height (Ph) : N/A Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : N/A Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : N/A

Design Parameters
Concrete and Rebar Properties
Unit Weight of Concrete : 2400.000 kg/m3 Strength of Concrete : 4.000 ksi Yield Strength of Steel : 60.000 ksi Minimum Bar Size : # 4 Maximum Bar Size : # 10 Minimum Bar Spacing : 10.00 cm Maximum Bar Spacing : 30.00 cm Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 8.00 cm Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 8.00 cm

Soil Properties
Soil Type : Drained Unit Weight : 1600.00 kg/m3 Soil Bearing Capacity : 205.95 kN/m2 Soil Surcharge : 0.00 kip/in2 Depth of Soil above Footing : 0.70 m Cohesion : 0.00 kip/ft2

Sliding and Overturning


Coefficient of Friction : 0.50 Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.50 Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.50

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Design Calculations
Footing Size
Initial Length (Lo) = 1.00 m Initial Width (Wo) = 1.00 m

Applied Loads - Allowable Stress Level


LC 101 Axial (Mtonf) 79.860 Shear X (Mtonf) 2.790 Shear Z (Mtonf) 11.840 Moment X (kNm) 132.880 Moment Z (kNm) 166.713

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Applied Loads - Strength Level


LC 102 Axial (Mtonf) 79.860 Shear X (Mtonf) 2.790 Shear Z (Mtonf) 11.840 Moment X (kNm) 132.880 Moment Z (kNm) 166.713

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Reduction of force due to buoyancy = -0.00 Mtonf Effect due to adhesion = 0.00 Mtonf Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = Area from initial length and width, Ao = P / qmax = 3.888 m2 Lo * Wo = 1.00 m2

Final Footing Size


Length (L2) = Width (W2) = Depth (D2) = Area (A2) = 2.90 m 2.90 m 0.40 m 8.41 m2 Governing Load Case : Governing Load Case : Governing Load Case : # 101 # 101 # 101

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Pressures at Four Corners

Load Case

Pressure at corner 1 (q1)

Pressure at corner 2 (q2)

Pressure at corner 3 (q3)

Pressure at corner 4 (q4)

(Mtonf/m^2) (Mtonf/m^2) (Mtonf/m^2) (Mtonf/m^2) 10.9516 10.9516 10.9516 10.9516 3.1362 3.1362 3.1362 3.1362 12.1335 12.1335 12.1335 12.1335 19.9489 19.9489 19.9489 19.9489

Area of footing in uplift (Au) (m2) 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000

101 101 101 101

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative pressure will be set to zero and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Summary of Adjusted Pressures at 4 corners Four Corners


Pressure at corner 1 (q1) Load Case 101 101 101 101 (Mtonf/m^2) 10.9516 10.9516 10.9516 10.9516 Pressure at corner 2 (q2) (Mtonf/m^2) 3.1362 3.1362 3.1362 3.1362 Pressure at corner 3 (q3) (Mtonf/m^2) 12.1335 12.1335 12.1335 12.1335 Pressure at corner 4 (q4) (Mtonf/m^2) 19.9489 19.9489 19.9489 19.9489

Adjust footing size if necessary.

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Check for stability against overturning and sliding

Load Case No. 101

Factor of safety against sliding Along XDirection 17.397 Along ZDirection 4.099

Factor of safety against overturning About XDirection 7.697 About ZDirection 8.861

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 101 Governing Disturbing Force : 2.790 Mtonf Governing Restoring Force : 48.536 Mtonf Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 17.397 Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 101 Governing Overturning Moment : 179.324 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 1380.316 kNm Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 7.697

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 101 Governing Disturbing Force : 11.840 Mtonf Governing Restoring Force : 48.536 Mtonf Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 4.099 Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 101 Governing Overturning Moment : 155.769 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 1380.316 kNm

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Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 8.861

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Shear Calculation Punching Shear Check

Total Footing Depth, D = 0.40m Calculated Effective Depth, deff = For rectangular column, = D - Ccover - 1.0 = 0.29 m Bcol / Dcol = 1.00 Punching Shear Force

Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75*Vc

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 73.86 Mtonf, Load Case # 102 From ACI Cl.11.12.2.1, bo for column= Equation 11-33, Vc1 = Equation 11-34, Vc2 = Equation 11-35, Vc3 = Punching shear strength, Vc = 0.75 * minimum of (Vc1, Vc2, Vc3) = 3.18 m 249.82 Mtonf

237.64 Mtonf 166.54 Mtonf 124.91 Mtonf

0.75 * Vc > Vu hence, OK

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One-Way Shear Check Along X Direction

From ACI Cl.11.3.1.1, Vc = Distance along Z to design for shear, Dz =

75.98 Mtonf 1.99 m

Check that 0.75 * Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the X axis.
From above calculations, Critical load case for Vux is # 102 0.75 * Vc = 56.98 Mtonf 33.06 Mtonf 0.75 * Vc > Vux hence, OK

Along Z Direction

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From ACI Cl.11.3.1.1, Vc = Distance along X to design for shear, Dx =

75.98 Mtonf 0.91 m

Check that 0.75 * Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the Z axis.
From above calculations, Critical load case for Vuz is # 102 0.75 * Vc = 56.98 Mtonf 31.99 Mtonf 0.75 * Vc > Vuz hence, OK

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Design for Flexure about Z axis

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 102 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = for Fc' 4 ksi, 0.85 0.02851 0.02138 0.00180 17.65

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

1.20 m 252.36 kNm 280.40 kNm

Required

0.00276

Since Area of Steel Required, As =

OK 3.66 in2

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Find suitable bar arrangement between minimum and maximum rebar sizes
Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size #5 Area of one bar = 112.00 cm 0.31 in2 12

Number of bars required, Nbar =

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = Nbar * (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 * (dia. of one bar) = 3.72 in2 0.31 m

Reinforcement ratio,

= max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0, Min. User Spacing) =

0.00265 24.76 cm

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars, Cd =

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Design for Flexure about X axis

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 102 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = for Fc' 4 ksi, 0.85 0.02851

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

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From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

= =

0.02138 0.00180 17.65

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dz = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

1.70 m 261.20 kNm 290.22 kNm

Required

0.00320

Since Area of Steel Required, As =

OK 4.01 in2

Find suitable bar arrangement between minimum and maximum rebar sizes
Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size #5 Area of one bar = 112.00 cm 0.31 in2 13

Number of bars required, Nbar =

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = Nbar * (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 * (dia. of one bar) = 4.03 in2 0.29 m

Reinforcement ratio,

= max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0, Min. User Spacing) =

0.00311 21.11 cm

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars, Cd =

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

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As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

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Design For Top Reinforcement About Z Axis


Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = for Fc' 4 ksi, 0.85 0.02851 0.02138 0.00180 17.65

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

1.20 m 0.00 kNm 0.00 kNm

Required

0.00180

Since Area of Steel Required, As =

OK 2.28 in2

Find suitable bar arrangement between minimum and maximum rebar sizes

Design For Top Reinforcement About X Axis


First load case to be in pure uplift # 0 Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = for Fc' 4 ksi, 0.85 0.02851 0.02138

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

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From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

= = 0.00180 17.65

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

1.20 m 0.00 kNm 0.00 kNm

Required

0.00180

Since Area of Steel Required, As =

OK 2.38 in2

Find suitable bar arrangement between minimum and maximum rebar sizes
Print Calculation Sheet

file://D:\Staad Foundation Advanced\CalcXsl\footing.xml

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