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Allplan Practical Knowledge

Nemetschek Allplan 2013


Guide to BIM
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IFC2x3 CV2.0
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1st edition, March 2013
Product management: Robert Bck
Authors: Anke Niedermaier, Robert Bck
Cover:
10.2012 Nemetschek Allplan Systems GmbH, Munich, Germany
Project name: Fraunhofer Institute for Nondestructuve Testing, IZFP, Saarbrcken, Germnay
Planner: woernerundpartner planungsgesellschaftmbh, www.woernerundpartner.de
Document No. 131eng01s38-1-BM0313

Guide to BIM Contents i
Contents
Welcome! ........................................................................................ 1
Introduction ............................................................................................................ 2
Definition of Terms ............................................................................................... 3
BIM .................................................................................................................................. 4
Building structure ....................................................................................................... 6
IFC .................................................................................................................................... 6
IFCClass/ObjectType .................................................................................................... 8
PSet ................................................................................................................................. 8
BaseQuantities ............................................................................................................. 8
IAI .................................................................................................................................... 9
buildingSMART ............................................................................................................ 9
Building Model in Allplan ................................................................................ 10
Working with the building structure .................................................................. 11
Creating a building structure ................................................................................ 11
Modeling data ............................................................................................................ 15
Assigning attributes ................................................................................................. 17
Elements and Attributes .................................................................................. 19
Unfinished structure ................................................................................................ 19
Foundations - IFCFooting ............................................................................... 19
Single-layer walls - IFCWallStandardCase ................................................. 20
Walls in general - IFCWallStandardCase .................................................... 21
Downstand beams and upstand beams - IFCBeam ................................. 23
Columns - IFCColumn ...................................................................................... 24
Slabs - IFCSlab .................................................................................................... 25
Roofs - IFCRoof .................................................................................................. 26
Members - IFCMember .................................................................................... 27
Plates - IFCPlate ................................................................................................. 28
Stairs - IFCStair .................................................................................................. 30
Ramps - IFCRamp .............................................................................................. 31
Finish ............................................................................................................................ 32
Windows - IFCWindow .................................................................................... 32
Doors - IFCDoor ................................................................................................. 34
ii Contents Allplan 2013
Facades - IFCCurtainWall ............................................................................... 36
Coverings - IFCCovering ................................................................................. 38
Railings - IFCRailing ......................................................................................... 39
Furniture - IFCFurnishingElement ............................................................... 41
Equipment objects - IFCEquipmentElement ............................................. 42
Rooms .......................................................................................................................... 44
Rooms - IFCSpace ............................................................................................. 44
Attributes of the Hierarchic Levels............................................................... 47
Site - IFCSite ...................................................................................................... 48
Building - IFCBuilding ..................................................................................... 49
Story - IFCBuildingStorey .............................................................................. 50
Export and Import ............................................................................................. 51
Exporting .................................................................................................................... 52
Export settings .................................................................................................. 54
Importing .................................................................................................................... 56
Checking Data ..................................................................................................... 61
IFC Viewers ................................................................................................................. 62
Navigation .......................................................................................................... 63
Representation .................................................................................................. 64
Structure ............................................................................................................. 65
Element properties ........................................................................................... 66
Troubleshooting.................................................................................................. 69
IFC data cannot be exchanged ............................................................................. 69
IFC files cannot be opened .................................................................................... 70
Components are not exported correctly ........................................................... 70
FAQs on IFC .......................................................................................................... 72
BIM model .................................................................................................................. 72
IFC format .................................................................................................................. 73
IFC specifications ...................................................................................................... 74
File preview ................................................................................................................ 75
Import .......................................................................................................................... 76
Building structure .................................................................................................... 77
Restrictions of building structure ....................................................................... 78
Layers ........................................................................................................................... 79
Attributes.................................................................................................................... 80
Layout export ............................................................................................................ 81
Guide to BIM Contents iii
Appendix ....................................................................................... 83
Overview of Attributes and PSets ................................................................. 84
Base Quantities (geometric attributes) ............................................................... 84
PSet Common (general element properties) .................................................... 87
Additional PSet (special element properties) .................................................... 92
Additional Attributes (additional element properties) .................................. 95
Complete Overview of Allplan Attributes and IFC Attributes ............. 99
Attributes for the building topology .................................................................. 99
Attributes for the unfinished structure .......................................................... 102
Attributes for the finish ....................................................................................... 112
Index ........................................................................................... 123

Guide to BIM Introduction 1
Welcome!
Are you already working with BIM - or are you still at
the drawing stage?
Building Information Modeling is the integrated method
for the optimized design, construction and management
of buildings and real estate. Allplan, as a BIM platform,
provides the ideal basis with its object-oriented 3D mod-
el: the relevant information is entered, combined and
networked in an intelligent, digital prototype.
You benefit from up-to-date, high-quality and freely ac-
cessible data allowing you to plan, construct and utilize
objects in a cost-efficient and time-effective way.


2 Introduction Allplan 2013
Introduction
Ever since the introduction of CAD for computer-aided drawings,
which has been reinforced by increasingly powerful and sophisticat-
ed applications, a paradigm shift from pure 2D drafting to object-
oriented 3D building modeling has been taking place since the be-
ginning of the eighties at the latest. Nemetschek has always been a
pioneer in this field and has played a decisive role in the develop-
ment of BIM.
The IFC specifications facilitate and support the exchange of object-
oriented building information. Nemetschek strongly focuses on the
further development of the IFC specifications and the associated in-
terface. The goal is to integrate all building-specific aspects, such as
quantity takeoff and cost planning, facility management, building
services and engineering, into a data-neutral building model. This
way, all phases of the building life cycle can be virtualized and visu-
alized. This "Guide to BIM" is designed for all Allplan users who
create and exchange three-dimensional data with partner offices
and/or different programs. There are various points to bear in mind
when it comes to generating and transferring data. Some of these
points apply on a global basis whereas others depend on the project
conditions.
By providing you with the information you need, this guide aims to
support you in the process of exchanging data and thus optimizing
communication and collaboration.
The following description should serve as a guideline and does not
consist of step-by-step instructions in the form of exercises. Rather,
this guide provides important information you can refer back to in
your daily work. This way, you can achieve the best possible results
by using the approach and settings best suited to the task at hand.
Data exchange is and remains a very complex operation that re-
quires a carefully thought out approach, in-depth knowledge and
close collaboration between all those involved.
We will gladly offer you advice and assistance in every possible
way. Just let us know if there is anything we can do for you.
Guide to BIM Definition of Terms 3
Definition of Terms
At least the terms IFC and BIM are familiar to anyone
who deals with the IFC interface. But do you know exact-
ly what these terms mean? And what about PropertySet
or the abbreviation IAI?
The chapter that follows covers the most important terms,
making the complex topic of IFC more transparent.
4 Definition of Terms Allplan 2013
BIM
Building Information Modeling (BIM), which is used in different con-
texts nowadays, describes the process and method of creating and
maintaining a digital data model in the form of a virtual, three-
dimensional building. It is the central object of Building Information
Modeling and also referred to as the BIM model.
This model is a kind of database that includes all graphic/geometric
and alphanumeric parameters and characteristic values belonging to
a building or project. This data is available to all those involved. All
new features, changes and further developments are integrated into
this model.
This can be done in two ways: the components and (architectural)
elements are created and changed graphically and geometrically and
they are given additional information in the form of properties and
attributes, which can be adjusted.
The generation and management of the whole process as well as the
database itself and the BIM model go beyond the planning, design
and construction phases, extending throughout the building life cy-
cle including maintenance and operation.
The basic structure of the BIM model is created by the architect, who
starts planning. Over the course of the project, the actual BIM model
constantly evolves as data and objects of any kind are added,
changed and adjusted, forming an integrated whole:
Architecture
Structural analysis
HVAC / building services
Contractor, production
FM, management ...
This ranges from material, cost and quantities to structural analyses,
such as compressive strength and bending deflection, or HVAC char-
acteristics, such as flow velocity or required number of air changes,
to access control and maintenance intervals relevant to facility man-
agement.
Guide to BIM Definition of Terms 5

On the one hand, the BIM model contains the "physical" components
and elements that can be modeled geometrically, such as walls,
slabs, reinforcement, HVAC elements and other equipment, such as
conduits, switches, control modules, sanitary objects and so on. On
the other had, it also includes virtual areas and volumes in the form
of rooms and room groups, which are required for operation,
maintenance and management. In addition, the project structure
itself is part of the model. It is included in the form of a hierarchical
tree structure.
After completion the model can still be used as the database of the
project in operation and (new) information can be added and ana-
lyzed using data sheets.
Ideally, the BIM model grows together - although not simultaneously
- with the actual construction project and in the end it represents a
second building model that is identical to and includes all pieces of
information on the actual project but that exists only virtually.
6 Definition of Terms Allplan 2013
If it is constantly maintained and updated, the BIM model is an ex-
act copy of the actual project, providing all those involved with the
information and data whenever required.
Building structure
The building structure is one of the two options Allplan provides for
structuring and managing drawing files and documents. Introduced
with Allplan 2006, the building structure is available in addition to
the fileset structure and can be used in parallel with it or on its own.
The building structure reflects the structure of a real building and
consists of individual structural levels that are arranged hierarchical-
ly. The documents and drawing files are assigned to these levels.
The building structure can be associated with a plane model that
contains the height definitions of the real building. The individual
structural levels can be given planes from this model. Based on these
planes, the heights of the individual components can be defined.
A building structure is essential to exchange data via the IFC inter-
face. Otherwise, it is not possible to create an IFC file.
IFC
IFC stands for Industry Foundation Classes. The IFC format is a neu-
tral, open file format for describing and exchanging information
relevant to the building and construction industries as well as facili-
ty management. Data is exchanged in the form of a digital building
model whose structure and properties are specified precisely by the
IAI.
The IFC format is certified by ISO and registered as ISO/PAS 16739.
A neutral data format has a number of advantages: although they
cannot be avoided completely, problems that occur when data is
exchanged and converted to a different format can be reduced to a
minimum. In addition, all those involved in a project can choose the
software they need. The only requirement is that it provides an IFC
interface.
Architects usually work with CAD programs and software for layout-
ing whereas structural engineers need software for calculating loads
and forces and analyzing moment curvature. Quantity takeoff opera-
tions and cost calculations require costing software and programs
for tendering, awarding and invoicing. Scheduling is also an im-
Guide to BIM Definition of Terms 7
portant aspect. When it comes to execution planning, it is a question
of machines and CNC that analyze the modeled geometry and im-
plement it. Finally, (CA)FM programs and associated databases play
an important role. They are used to manage and maintain buildings
and real estate throughout their life cycle.
IFC in its entirety and the IFC format include all this information in
the form of geometric data as a virtual model. In addition, the al-
phanumeric data of the elements in this model is provided in the
form of attributes, descriptions and properties.
As the entire format with all possible descriptions and data is usually
not required, it can be divided into subordinate groups, also known
as SUBSETS. These SUBSETS contain reduced and filtered infor-
mation for specific applications, optimizing data exchange. This both
reduces the volume of data and speeds up compute times.
At the moment there are three subgroups within the IFC format. De-
pending on the purpose and type of data to be exchanged and the
information involved, the following subgroups are available:
IFC CoordinationView
IFC StructuralAnalysisView
IFC FMHandOverView
The CoordinationView is the most common subgroup for the plan-
ning, design and construction of buildings. This subgroup contains
all components and (architectural) elements, which are represented
as 3D objects and described by their characteristic values and attrib-
utes.
As this subset is both the largest and the most extensive subset, it is
often considered equivalent to IFC. In addition to the project struc-
ture, the IFC CoordinationView represents and supports the architec-
tural components and HVAC components, such as walls, columns,
downstand beams as well as pipes, canals and switches.
All elements are given a unique ID for the transfer. In addition, they
can be given an unlimited number of additional pieces of infor-
mation and they are always displayed in relation to the other ele-
ments and the structures that are subordinate and superordinate to
them.
8 Definition of Terms Allplan 2013
In addition to architecture and HVAC, engineering also uses this IFC
subgroup, in particular when it comes to creating precast elements,
general arrangement drawings and reinforcement drawings after the
architect has designed the building.
IFCClass/ObjectType
All standard elements commonly used in architecture, building ser-
vices, structural analysis and facility management are defined as IFC
types, which can be combined in individual classes. So that elements
are recognized as IFC elements, they must have specific properties.
In using the appropriate tool, you automatically assign the correct
object type and class to the element you are creating.
However, you can use the IFCObjectType attribute to change this
assignment later. In addition, you can assign an IFCObjectType to 3D
objects and user-defined architectural elements in order to transfer
them as predefined elements.
PSet
Depending on information density and purpose, each (architectural)
element can be given any attributes and properties. Some of these
features are defined as minimum requirements for transferring ele-
ments in accordance with IFC. These basic features are combined in
Property Sets (PSet). Each element or component that can be trans-
ferred via IFC has its own, general property package (PSetWallCom-
mon, PSetDoorCommon and so on). The number of attributes in
these packages can differ.
BaseQuantities
In Allplan each element is defined by its geometry. Without its geo-
metric definition, the element cannot be created. This definition in-
cludes the element's dimensions and position in the coordinate sys-
tem, which in turn defines its position in the model as a whole. The
dimensions are entered in an element-specific manner in the proper-
ties dialog box. Although they are also available as attributes of the
element, these attributes cannot be changed.
Unlike normal attributes, the geometric data is not defined by fixed
values. On the contrary, this data is calculated whenever you select
the element so that changes are immediately evident. Take a wall,
Guide to BIM Definition of Terms 9
for example. To identify and display the element, the program re-
quires the height, length and thickness. In addition, attribute values
are calculated from this data and written to the BaseQuantities at-
tribute package in the IFC file.
IAI
The International Alliance for Interoperability (IAI) was founded by
leading software providers in 1994. Its aim is to develop an open
and platform-independent data model that can be used to map the
entire life cycle of a building. By defining specifications for the data
structure, this international organization focuses on integrating as
many applications as possible.
The IAI was initially founded as the Industry Alliance for Interoper-
ability. Right from the outset, it was open to all interested parties
and was renamed International Alliance for Interoperability in 1997.
In 2005, partly because its members felt the IAI name was too long
and complex for people to understand, it was renamed build-
ingSMART.
buildingSMART
buildingSMART International, formerly the International Alliance for
Interoperability (IAI), is an alliance of organizations with regional
chapters all over the world. In Germany, it is represented by the
buildingSMART e.V. association.
Its goal has not changed - it is still dedicated to improving processes
within the construction and facility management industries through
defining the use and sharing of information. Organizations within
the alliance include architects, engineers, contractors, building own-
ers, facility managers, manufacturers, software vendors, information
providers, government agencies, research laboratories, universities
and more.
Nemetschek Allplan Systems, which has been a pioneer in this initia-
tive right from the start, strongly focuses on improving and develop-
ing open program interfaces and formats.
10 Building Model in Allplan Allplan 2013
Building Model in Allplan
There are some basic rules to bear in mind when it comes
to creating a building model in Allplan that is to meet
the requirements of a BIM model and that is to be ex-
changed via the IFC interface. This is the only way to en-
sure that all relevant information is transferred correctly
and made available in the required form, resulting in the
maximum possible benefit to all those involved.
Two basic requirements must be met in order to use
the IFC interface:
All (architectural) elements of the building model must
be modeled in 3D. Additional 2D elements, such as de-
tail drawings, text, dimension lines or layout graphics,
are not transferred to IFC. You are thus advised to
draw 2D elements on a separate drawing file or to
place them on a separate layer. This makes it easier to
not only create the IFC model but to transfer this addi-
tional data in a different format (dwg, pdf) to the re-
cipient who can then re-integrate it into the project.
Structuring the data and drawing files requires an IFC-
compliant building structure. This means that only
predefined structural levels and hierarchies can be
used and that drawing files can only be assigned di-
rectly to specific structural levels.
If you keep these two requirements in mind, you can
work and create the building model as usual in Allplan.
Guide to BIM Building Model in Allplan 11
Working with the building structure
Since Allplan 2006, you have been offered two different options for
structuring project data. As an alternative to the familiar fileset
structure, which combines drawing files in a superordinate fileset
folder, you can use the building structure. Using the latter, you can
divide the project into individual structural levels that are arranged
hierarchically and given drawing files.
The two structures, which are not mutually dependent, can be used
in parallel. The selection you make in one structure has no effect
whatsoever on the drawing file selection in the other structure and is
retained even when you switch to the other structure. To do this,
select the Open on a Project-Specific Basis tool and choose the
appropriate tab.
In addition, you can convert an existing fileset structure to a build-
ing structure to produce an identical structure.
Creating a building structure
Exporting data via the IFC interface requires a building structure.
Otherwise, the program will issue a message prompting you to create
a building structure.

12 Building Model in Allplan Allplan 2013
When you select the Open on a Project-Specific Basis tool on the
File menu and click the Building structure tab for the first time,
Allplan presents a number of options for creating a building struc-
ture:
You can use one of the predefined structures and customize it for
your needs.
If a building structure already exists in another project, you can
copy this building structure to the current project and modify it
accordingly.
You can convert an existing fileset structure to a building
structure by converting the individual filesets to structural levels.
The fileset structure itself is retained. The program merely makes
a copy of it.
You can create the building structure manually by selecting and
arranging the required structural levels and assigning the
appropriate drawing files.

Regardless of the option you choose to create the building structure,
it must have specific characteristics in terms of structure and setup
to ensure compliance with IFC export. This is also referred to as re-
strictions of the building structure.
Guide to BIM Building Model in Allplan 13
The following rules apply to IFC export:
Only predefined structural levels can be used; any structural
levels are not allowed. To apply a structure to the drawing files,
you can use the following predefined structural levels, which
reflect the topology of a building:
- Site
- Structure
- Building
- Story
- Sub-story
The structural levels must be arranged in the correct hierarchical
order. For example, a story cannot be superordinate to a
structure. But you do not necessarily have to use all structural
levels - just select the levels you require.
The Project, which is the topmost structural level in the
hierarchy, always exists and cannot be deleted.
You cannot assign drawing files directly to all structural levels.
This can only be done with Site, Building and Story.
To find out if the building structure meets the requirements of IFC,
you can check it. In the Open on a project-specific basis dialog box,
switch to the Building structure tab, select the Project structural
level, open the shortcut menu (right mouse button) and click Re-
strictions of building structure.
14 Building Model in Allplan Allplan 2013

Another dialog box opens. Click the IFC-compliant structure button
to check the building structure for the above restrictions and re-
quirements.

Any structural levels or drawing file assignments that do not comply
with these rules are marked with a red cross. In this case, you are
advised to solve these conflicts by adjusting the building structure
before you export the data. Otherwise, it cannot be exported correct-
ly.

Guide to BIM Building Model in Allplan 15
Modeling data
All (architectural) elements you want to exchange and transfer via
the IFC interface must be created and modeled in three dimensions
using the appropriate tools inAllplan. In addition to pure geometric
data, which also defines the interaction between the individual ele-
ments, you can attach any additional information, such as compo-
nent properties or attributes, to the individual elements.
To display and visually check this data in Allplan as well as create
layouts and (PDF) files, you can also place this data in two dimen-
sions in the form of labels, dimension lines an so on. However, these
additional elements are not transferred to IFC.
As IFC is a data model that is specially developed for the building
industry, it defines all common elements in the fields of architecture
(wall, window, room, ...), engineering (beam, foundation, ) and
building services (conduit, switch, outlet, ...). When creating the
building model inAllplan, you are advised to always use the tool
that is appropriate to the element in question. This way, the associ-
ated IFCObjectType is assigned automatically. This type ensures that
the element is transferred and exported correctly.
You can change the IFCObjectType later if the element is to be given
a different class. This means that the component transferred differs
from the original component created using the associated tool. Take
a ramp (IFCRamp), for example, which is usually created using the
Stair (IFCStair) or Slab (IFCSlab) tool inAllplan. In addition,
you can assign an IFCObjectType to elements created using the tools
in the 3D Modeling module or to elements created as user-defined
architectural elements. These elements are then transferred as prede-
fined elements to IFC.
All components and elements that are transferred to but not defined
in IFC are displayed as "proxies" in the IFC model, which means that
they are not assigned to a specific class. To avoid this, you are ad-
vised to use the appropriate tool for modeling or to assign an IFCOb-
jectType before you transfer an element.
16 Building Model in Allplan Allplan 2013
When you create a component, Allplan automatically assigns attrib-
utes and properties that are characteristic of the component in ques-
tion. Some of these characteristics apply to almost all elements
whereas others are very specific and apply to a few elements only. In
addition, you can give the component an unlimited number of addi-
tional pieces of information that are transferred together with the
element and that can be analyzed in reports, for example. If you
require special attributes, you can create and assign these attributes
as user-defined attributes in addition to the default attributes pro-
vided.
NOTE: Regardless of their name, user-defined attributes are not
transferred as IFC attributes. They are combined in a separate attrib-
ute set called Allplan attributes.
Whether the default attributes are transferred as Allplan attributes or
as IFC attributes does NOT depend on the attribute group to which
they belong. What counts is whether the attribute used exists in the
PSet of the element and whether there is an appropriate assignment
in the program.
Numerous attributes, such as name or material, can be found in a
number of different attribute groups. However, these attributes are
attribute definitions that are accessed by all groups. Therefore, the
group to which the individual attribute belongs is irrelevant when it
comes to transferring the data.

Guide to BIM Building Model in Allplan 17
Assigning attributes
Allplan provides three different optionsyou can use to give the ele-
ments the necessary attributes and properties as well as any addi-
tional information to be transferred:
You can use the Assign, Modify Object Attributes,
Transfer, Delete Object Attributes and Assign Attributes
to Elements tools in the Object Manager module you can find in
the Bonus Tools family.

You can use the Assign, Modify Object Attributes tool on the
shortcut menu, which you can open by clicking the element in
question with the right mouse button.

You can click the Attributes button in the properties of the
element in question. However, this button is only available for
the default elements (room, wall, ) and cannot be found in all
dialog boxes.
18 Building Model in Allplan Allplan 2013

In the list that opens, you can change the values of the existing at-
tributes as well as add further information and delete entries you no
longer need.

Some of the attributes are required for the component definition
itself and cannot be removed. The geometric values (length, height,
...) and internal Allplan characteristics (component ID) are calculated
and taken from the element's properties. You cannot change their
values in the attribute dialog box. Consequently, the corresponding
entries are grayed out in the list.
For the generation of an IFC building model that complies with the
regulations specified by buildingSMART and IAI, each (architectural)
element must have a minimum of specific properties and attributes
that are defined in the corresponding property package (PSetCom-
mon). Similarly, the minimum geometric values required are referred
to as BaseQuantities. The number of minimum requirements varies
from element to element.
Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 19
Elements and Attributes
The following chapter lists the attributes and geometric values for
the individual components. In addition to the minimum require-
ments, a selection of additional attributes and values that are com-
monly used is provided (based on the standards for IFC-compliant
data exchange specified by the US Army Corps of Engineers).
Unfinished structure
Foundations - IFCFooting
Foundation elements of various types and cross-sections created
with the corresponding tools ( Strip Foundation, Slab Foun-
dation, Block Foundation).

Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Thickness Width
- Length Length
- Height Height
- Gross base area GrossFootprintArea
- Net base area NetFootprintArea
- Gross volume GrossVolume
- Net volume - NetVolume
20 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
Element properties PsetFootingCommon
- Material Material
- Foundation type Reference
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of foundation Name
IFC does not differentiate between the different foundation types as
separate element types. You can use the Reference attribute to speci-
fy the type.
Single-layer walls - IFCWallStandardCase
Single-layer walls of which the cross-section does not change.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Openings VoidsElements
- Connecting elements - Connections
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Thickness Width
- Length Length
- Height Height
- Area Area
- Volume Volume
Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 21
Element properties PsetWallCommon
- Exterior wall or interior wall IsExternal
- U-value ThermalTransmittance
- Recess WithClipping
- Load-bearing LoadBearing
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
- Sound insulation classification AcousticRating
- Defining fire compartment Compartmentation
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of wall Name
- Function LongName
- Material Material
- Flammability rating Flammability
Walls in general - IFCWallStandardCase
Multi-layer walls, walls of complex geometry and walls of which the
dimensions change.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Openings VoidsElements
- Connecting elements - Connections
22 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Thickness Width
- Length Length
- Height Height
- Area Area
- Volume Volume
Element properties PsetWallCommon
- Exterior wall or interior wall IsExternal
- U-value ThermalTransmittance
- Recess WithClipping
- Load-bearing LoadBearing
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
- Sound insulation classification AcousticRating
- Defining fire compartment Compartmentation
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of wall Name
- Function LongName
- Material Material
- Flammability rating Flammability
The material of multi-layer walls is transferred separately for each
layer. So that the data is transferred correctly, the element properties
of the PSet must be assigned directly to the wall as a whole.
Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 23
Downstand beams and upstand beams - IFCBeam
Elements created with the Downstand Beam, Upstand Beam
tool in the Basic: Walls, Openings, Components module or the
Rafters, Beam, Roof Beam tools in the Frame Construc-
tion module.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Openings VoidsElements
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Length Length
- Cross-section area - CrossSectionArea
- Surface (unfolded) - OuterSurfaceArea
- Volume Volume
Element properties PsetBeamCommon
- Exterior component or interior component IsExternal
- Load-bearing LoadBearing
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
- Inclination Slope
- Span Span
- Beam type - Reference
24 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of (downstand) beam Name
- Function LongName
- Material Material
Columns - IFCColumn
Vertical, architectural components created with the Column tool.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Openings VoidsElements
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Height Length
- Cross-section area - CrossSectionArea
- Surface (unfolded) - OuterSurfaceArea
- Volume Volume
Element properties PsetColumnCommon
- Exterior component or interior component IsExternal
- Load-bearing LoadBearing
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
- Column type Reference
- Inclination - Slope
Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 25
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of column Name
- Function LongName
- Material Material
Slabs - IFCSlab
Single-layer elements created with the Slab tool.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Openings VoidsElements
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Thickness Width
- Area - SideArea
- Volume Volume
Element properties PsetSlabCommon
- Exterior slab or interior slab IsExternal
- Load-bearing LoadBearing
- Slab type Reference
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
- Recess WithClipping
- Flammable Combustible
26 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
- Inclination Slope/PitchAngel
- Sound insulation classification AcousticRating
- Defining fire compartment Compartmentation
- U-value ThermalTransmittance
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of slab Name
- Function LongName
- Material Material
- Production year ProductionYear
- Concrete grade ConcreteDensity
The material specified is not assigned to the element in its entirety; it
is assigned to the "slab layer" and transferred in this way (even
though slabs can only be created as single-layer elements).
Roofs - IFCRoof
Single-layer and multi-layer elements created with the Roof Cov-
ering tool.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Openings VoidsElements
Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 27
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Area SurfaceArea
Element properties PsetRoofCommon
- Roof type Reference
- Exterior component or interior component IsExternal
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
- Projected area - ProjectedArea
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of roof Name
- Function LongName
- U-value ThermalTransmittance
- Solar installation SolarPanel
Members - IFCMember
Vertical and inclined, column-shaped components usually created
with the tools in the Frame Construction module. Allplan does not
provide a particular tool for creating members. This element type
can be assigned using the IFCObjectType attribute.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Openings VoidsElements
28 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Height Length
- Cross-section area - CrossSectionArea
- Surface - OuterSurfaceArea
- Volume Volume
Element properties PsetMemberCommon
- Exterior component or interior component IsExternal
- Load-bearing LoadBearing
- Member type Reference
- Inclination Slope
- Span Span
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of member Name
- Function LongName
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
Plates - IFCPlate
Slab shaped, single-layer or multi-layer components that can be hor-
izontal or inclined. Allplan does not provide a particular tool for
creating plates. You can use the tools in the 3D Modeling module
and the User-Defined Archit. Element and Slab tools in the
Architecture family. To assign this element type, use the IFCOb-
jectType attribute.

Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 29
Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Openings VoidsElements
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Thickness Width
- Area - SideArea
- Volume Volume
Element properties PsetPlateCommon
- Exterior component or interior component IsExternal
- Load-bearing LoadBearing
- Plate type - Reference
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
- U-value ThermalTransmittance
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of plate Name
- Function LongName
- Sound insulation classification AcousticRating
- Defining fire compartment Compartmentation
- Flammable Combustible
- Inclination Slope/PitchAngel
30 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
Stairs - IFCStair
Freeform components created with the tools in the Stairs module.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Length Length
- Volume Volume
Element properties PsetStairCommon
- Number of risers NumberOfRiser
- Number of treads NumberOfTreads
- Rise RiserHeight
- Tread run NumberOfTreads
- Exterior stair or interior stair IsExternal
- Stair type Reference
- Escape route FireExit
- Suitable for the disabled HandicapAccessible
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
- Required headroom RequiredHeadroom
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of stair Name
- Function LongName
Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 31
Ramps - IFCRamp
Ramp-shaped components created using the tools for designing
stairs or slabs or using the tools in the 3D Modeling module. To as-
sign the ramp element type, you can use the IFCObjectType attribute.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Length Length
- Area SurfaceArea
- Volume Volume
Element properties PsetRampCommon
- Exterior ramp or interior ramp IsExternal
- Ramp type Reference
- Escape route FireExit
- Skidproof HasNonSkidSurface
- Suitable for the disabled HandicapAccessible
- Required headroom RequiredHeadroom
- Required inclination RequiredSlope
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
- Height Height
- Diameter - Diameter
- Inclination Slope
32 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of ramp Name
- Function LongName
Finish
Windows - IFCWindow
Elements created with the Smart Window and Door Symbols
and Smart Symbol tools and inserted in window openings.
French doors are created as doors in Allplanand thus not transferred
as windows. The window opening merely provides the connection to
the superordinate wall element. The attribute is only assigned to the
smart symbol inserted.
For each wall opening you create using the Window tool, All-
plan generates an opening object in which the dimensions of the
opening and the position within and the connection to the superor-
dinate component are saved. InAllplan these opening objects are not
visible as elements but as recesses in the superordinate element.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Inserted in wall FillsVoids (via OpeningElement)
Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 33
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities OpeningElement
- Height Height
- Width Width/Length
- Area NominalArea
Element properties PsetWindowCommon
- Exterior component or interior component IsExternal
- U-value ThermalTransmittance
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
- Safety classification SecurityRating
- Window type Reference
- Sound insulation classification AcousticRating
- Smoke protection SmokeStop
- Proportion of glazing GlazingAreaFraction
Glazing properties PsetGlazingType
- Number of panes GlassLayers
- Laminated IsLaminated
- Coated IsCoated
- Wire glass IsWired
- Shading - ExternalShadingCoefficient
Manufacturer's information PsetManufacturerTypeInformation
- Item number ArticleNumber
- Model number ModelReference
- Name of model ModelLabel
- Manufacturer Manufacturer
- Production year ProductionYear
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of window Name
- Function LongName
- Type ConstructionType
34 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
All window properties and glazing properties are assigned directly to
the smart symbol; the opening itself is not given any attributes. In
addition to the smart symbol, the opening object is also created as
an IFCOpeningElement but it is transferred as an invisible element.
The opening object connects the individual elements, that is the wall,
opening, opening object and the smart symbol. It is the opening
object and its dimensions that define the geometric attributes
(BaseQuantities) and the position within the wall.
Doors - IFCDoor
Elements created with the Smart Window and Door Symbols
and Smart Symbol tools and inserted in door openings. French
doors are also transferred as they are created as doors in Allplan.
The door opening merely provides the connection to the superordi-
nate wall element. The attribute is only assigned to the smart symbol
inserted.
For each wall opening you create using the Door tool, Allplan
generates an opening object in which the dimensions of the door
and the position within and the connection to the superordinate
component are saved. These opening objects are not independent
elements but they are visible as recesses in the superordinate ele-
ment.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Inserted in wall FillsVoids (via OpeningElement)
Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 35
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities OpeningElement
- Height Height
- Width Width/Length
- Area NominalArea
Element properties PsetDoorCommon
- Exterior component or interior component IsExternal
- U-value ThermalTransmittance
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
- Safety classification SecurityRating
- Door type Reference
- Suitable for the disabled HandicapAccessible
- Self-closing SelfClosing
- Emergency exit FireExit
- Proportion of glazing GlazingAreaFraction
- Sound insulation classification AcousticRating
- Smoke protection SmokeStop
Glazing properties PsetGlazingType
- Number of panes GlassLayers
- Laminated IsLaminated
- Coated IsCoated
- Tempered IsTempered
Manufacturer's information PsetManufacturerTypeInformation
- Item number ArticleNumber
- Model number ModelReference
- Name of model ModelLabel
- Manufacturer Manufacturer
- Production year ProductionYear
36 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of door Name
- Function LongName
- Type ConstructionType
- Door swing - OperationType
All door properties and glazing properties are assigned directly to
the smart symbol; the opening itself is not given any attributes. In
addition to the smart symbol, the opening object is also created as
an IFCOpeningElement within the opening but it is transferred as an
invisible element. The opening object connects the individual ele-
ments, that is the wall, opening, opening object and the smart sym-
bol. It is the opening object that defines the geometric attributes of
the door opening (BaseQuantities) and its position within the wall.
Facades - IFCCurtainWall
Vertical or inclined elements modeled freely or created with the
Facade tool. In addition, these elements are part of the external
envelope that delimits the building. Regardless of how you create the
facade, you need to use the IFCObjectType attribute to assign the
facade element type.

Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 37
Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Length Length
- Height Height
- Width/thickness - Width
- Area Area
Element properties PsetCurtainWallCommon
- Exterior component or interior component IsExternal
- Emergency exit FireExit
- Flammable Combustible
- U-value ThermalTransmittance
- Facade type Reference
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
- Sound insulation classification AcousticRating
Glass properties UD_PanelGlazingType
- Number of panes GlassLayers
- Laminated IsLaminated
- Safety glass - SafetyGlas
- Sun blinds SunBlind
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of facade Name
- Function LongName
- Material MaterialName
When you use the Facade tool, all properties are assigned to the fa-
cade element as a whole. If you model the facade freely, you can
combine the individual elements into a single element (smart sym-
bol) which then contains all necessary attributes. If you transfer the
elements individually or as an element group, each individual ele-
ment is given the required IFCObjectType attribute.
38 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
Coverings - IFCCovering
Elements created within a Room using the Finish tab or using
the Floor, Ceiling and Vertical Surface tools.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Associated room ContainedInSpace
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Area - Area
Element properties PsetCoveringCommon
- Fire resistance classification FireRating
- Covering type - Reference
- Flammability rating FlammabilityRating
- Quality of finish Finish
- Total thickness TotalThickness
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of covering Name
- Function LongName
- Material - Material
Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 39
IFC does not differentiate between the different covering types as
separate element types. You can use the Reference attribute to speci-
fy the type.
In the case of multi-layer coverings, the material and the layer
thickness are transferred separately for each layer. In addition, the
total thickness of all layers is also transferred.
It is the drawing file assignment and the geometric position that
define the room to which the coverings belong. If the room and the
coverings are in the same drawing file and the element is within the
room geometry, the element is automatically assigned to this room.
This applies regardless of whether the finish was created as an inde-
pendent element or within the room definition.
Railings - IFCRailing
Independent elements modeled freely or created with the Railing
tool. In addition, these elements act as a guardrail system, safety
fence, handrail or the like. The IFCRailing element type is not as-
signed automatically. You need to do this manually using the
IFCObjectType attribute.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Associated room ContainedInSpace
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Length Length
- Area - Area
40 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
Element properties PsetRailingCommon
- Exterior component or interior component IsExternal
- Railing type Reference/ Railing_horizontal
- Height Height
- Diameter - Diameter
Surface properties UD_SurfaceTreatment
- RAL color RALcolour
- Coating Coating
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of railing Name
- Function LongName
- Material MaterialName
- Inclination - Slope
When you use the Railing tool to create the railing, all properties
are assigned to the railing element as a whole. If you model the rail-
ing freely, you can combine the individual elements into a single
element (smart symbol) which then contains all necessary attributes.
If you transfer the elements individually or as an element group,
each individual element of the railing is given the required IFCOb-
jectType attribute.
Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 41
Furniture - IFCFurnishingElement
Element used to furnish a room. The element can be taken from the
symbol catalog or smart symbol catalog or it can be modeled freely
and defined as a smart symbol. Regardless of which catalog the ele-
ment comes from, you need to use the IFCObjectType attribute to
define the object.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Associated room ContainedInSpace
Geometric attributes FurnishingQuantities
- Length Length
- Thickness Width
- Height - Height
Manufacturer's information PsetManufacturerTypeInformation
- Item number ArticleNumber
- Manufacturer Manufacturer
- Production year ProductionYear
- Name of model ModelLabel
- Model number ModelReference
42 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of furnishing element Name
- Function LongName
- Furniture type Reference
- Classification key ItemReference
IFC only provides a separate IFCObjectType for specific furnishings,
such as furniture. However, the PSets of all equipment elements are
largely identical and mainly include information provided by the
manufacturer, which you can find in PsetManufacturerTypeInfor-
mation.
It is the drawing file and the geometric position of the elements that
define the room to which the furnishings belong. If the furnishings
and the room are in the same drawing file and the furniture element
is placed within the room geometry, the element is automatically
assigned to this room.
Equipment objects - IFCEquipmentElement
Element used to equip a room. The element can be taken from the
symbol catalog or smart symbol catalog or it can be modeled freely
and defined as a smart symbol. The example below shows sanitary
objects. To define equipment objects, you need to use the IFCOb-
jectType attribute. The Allplan catalog to which the element belongs
is irrelevant.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
- Associated room ContainedInSpace
Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 43
Manufacturer's information PsetManufacturerTypeInformation
- Item number ArticleNumber
- Manufacturer Manufacturer
- Production year ProductionYear
- Name of model ModelLabel
- Model number ModelReference
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name of equipment object Name
- Function LongName
- Equipment type Reference
Whereas the PSets of all equipment elements (including furniture)
are identical, the additional attributes required (Additional Proper-
ties) and the geometric attributes (BaseQuantities) can differ. Geo-
metric attributes are only transferred with furniture.
It is the drawing file and the geometric position of the elements that
define the connection between room and equipment. If both are in
the same drawing file and the element is placed within the room
geometry, the element is automatically assigned to this room. The
only requirement is that the element was defined using the equip-
ment IFCObjectType.
44 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
Rooms
Rooms - IFCSpace
Element with a freeform outline created with the Room tool. In
addition, the element complies with the minimum height specified.
In Allplan a room is always defined by its net area and volume. Any
(architectural) elements within the room geometry are subtracted if
they exceed the minimum size specified. The components that en-
close the room are also ignored.

Associations Relations
- Associated story in the building structure
ContainedInStructure
Geometric attributes BaseQuantities
- Top level of finished floor FinishFloorHeight
- Bottom level of finished ceiling FinishCeilingHeight
- Height of floor structure ElevationWithFlooring
- Wall area WallArea
- Perimeter - Perimeter
- Floor area FloorArea
- Volume Volume
- Cross-section area - CrossSectionArea
Guide to BIM Elements and Attributes 45
Element properties PsetSpaceCommon
- Floor covering FloorCovering
- Wall covering WallCovering
- Ceiling covering CeilingCovering
- Base area_planned GrossPlannedArea
- Suitable for the disabled HandicapAccessible
Room requirements PsetSpaceThermalRequirements
- Temperature_min SpaceTemperatureMin
- Temperature_max SpaceTemperatureMax
- Humidity - SpaceHumidity
- Natural ventilation NaturalVentilation
- Air-conditioned AirConditioning
Room requirements PsetSpaceLightingRequirements
- Artificial light ArtificialLighting
Room requirements PsetSpaceSafetyRequirements
- Flammability rating FireRiskFactor
- Sprinkler protection SprinklerProtection
Classification IFC_ClassificationReference
- DIN277 occupancy type ItemReference
- DIN277 area type ClassificationName
Element properties Additional Properties
- Name Name
- Function LongName
- Exterior room or interior room IsExternal
46 Elements and Attributes Allplan 2013
Rooms are always transferred as invisible elements to IFC. Conse-
quently, if you check the model in an IFC Viewer after the export,
you cannot see the rooms and finishing coverings until you explicit-
ly select them using the appropriate dialog box.
Regardless of whether the finishing coverings of the Room were
created using the room properties or the Floor, Ceiling,
Vertical Surface tools, they are always transferred as independ-
ent elements that are subordinate to the room and can thus be hid-
den individually.
Guide to BIM Attributes of the Hierarchic Levels 47
Attributes of the Hierarchic Levels
With regard to the data model to be exchanged via the IFC interface,
you need to use the corresponding structural levels defined in the
building structure to apply a hierarchic structure to the project. Alt-
hough Allplan offers tools for most structural nodes, they are not
suitable for creating and transferring the data model. This applies to
both export and import.
The elements created in the Urban Planning module with the
Plot, Building and Floor Level tools and the Story
tool in the Architecture - Rooms, Surfaces, Stories module do not
comply with the specifications for IFC objects. These elements are
not supported by the interface and are thus excluded from the trans-
fer so that errors in the data model are avoided and the number of
undefined elements (proxies) is kept to a minimum.
So when setting up the model, you are recommended to use the Site,
Building and Story structural levels provided by the building struc-
ture. To assign attributes to the individual structural nodes, use the
project attributes in the properties of the project, where you can also
specify values for the attributes and modify them. When you transfer
the data, these attributes are automatically assigned to the appropri-
ate structural nodes.
Rooms, which are the lowest level in the hierarchy, are an exception.
To create rooms in Allplan you can directly use the Room tool
and assign the associated properties and attribute values.
As with the individual components previously described, the follow-
ing chapter lists the attributes and geometric values for the individu-
al structural levels. In addition to the minimum requirements, a se-
lection of additional attributes and values that are commonly used is
provided (based on the standards for IFC-compliant data exchange
specified by the US Army Corps of Engineers).
48 Attributes of the Hierarchic Levels Allplan 2013
Site - IFCSite
The site, which is below the project, represents the topmost structural
level in the building structure.

Element properties PsetSiteCommon
- Gross area TotalArea
- Area available for building BuildableArea
- Maximum height of building BuildingHeightLimit
Element properties Additional Properties
- Project number Name
- Project name LongName
- Longitude Longitude
- Latitude Latitude
- Height above mean sea level - Elevation
- Address AddressLine
- Town Town
- Region, state Region
- ZIP code PostalCode
- Country - Country

Guide to BIM Attributes of the Hierarchic Levels 49
Building - IFCBuilding
The building represents the second hierarchic level below the site.
You are advised not to use the structural level called structure.

Element properties PsetBuildingCommon
- Gross floor area TotalFloorArea
- Base area Area
- Building ID BuildingID
- Year of construction - ConstructionYear
Element properties Additional Properties
- Project number Name
- Project name LongName
- Address AddressLine
- Town Town
- Region, state Region
- ZIP code PostalCode
- Country Country
- Building type - OccupancyType

50 Attributes of the Hierarchic Levels Allplan 2013
Story - IFCBuildingStorey
The Story structural level, which is below the building, is the level to
which the vast majority of drawing files is assigned.

Element properties PsetBuildingStoreyCommon
- Gross floor area GrossFloorArea
- Base area FloorArea
- Entrance level EntranceLevel
- Above ground - AboveGround
- Sprinkler protection SprinklerProtection
Element properties Additional Properties
- Story number Name
- Story name LongName
- Story height Height
The connection between the (architectural) elements and the story,
which is referred to as relations in the IFC attribute specifications, is
defined by the drawing file assignment within the building structure.
All elements in the drawing file assigned to a story are automatically
associated with the corresponding story (ContainedInStructure) when
the data is transfered to IFC. The connection between the individual
hierarchic levels is also defined by the building structure and dis-
played as relations (ContainedIn ...) in the IFC file.
Guide to BIM Export and Import 51
Export and Import
After having created the building model and assigned all
necessary attributes and information, you can now ex-
port it as an IFC file from Allplan and give it to your
planning partners or others involved, such as the client
or the appropriate local authority, for further editing or
checking. When you transfer the model for the first time,
it is best to export the entire model. Once the entire mod-
el is available to all those involved, it is usually sufficient
to export individual layers or components. Parts can be
exported just as easily as the entire model. All you need
to do is set the corresponding options.
52 Export and Import Allplan 2013
Exporting
As the IFC format is mainly used to transfer 3D-based building mod-
els, you can only select the IFC export and IFC import in drawing
file mode. These tools are grayed out and thus not available in the
layout editor.
To start the export, open the File menu or the Create menu. Select
Export - Export IFC Data or Interfaces - Export IFC Data.

The Select drawing file dialog box opens and you can see the build-
ing structure of the project. Now you can select the drawing files
and structural nodes you want to export as an IFC file.
By default, the check boxes of all the drawing files in the IFC model
are selected so that you can transfer the entire model. By selecting
individual drawing files and structural nodes, you can reduce the
transfer to specific parts. Please note that you can only select data in
Guide to BIM Export and Import 53
the building structure on the left in the dialog box. The "derived
from" area on the right and the fileset structure are not available.
Using Select drawing files currently loaded, you can reduce the
selection to the current drawing file and the drawing files that are
open in edit mode. In addition, you can use Save current selection
as a favorite to save the current settings a separate file, which you
can retrieve whenever you need by clicking Load favorite. This way,
you can ensure that the program always exports the same drawing
files, regardless of the current selection.

Click OK to confirm. In the next dialog box, you can define further
settings for the file. Click Browse to specify the folder and the
name of the file. To set more options, click Settings.
54 Export and Import Allplan 2013
Export settings
In the Elements to be transferred area, you can filter specific ele-
ment types that are (not) to be transferred. By the way, this area on-
ly lists the elements that can be transferred to IFC. The Export as
"Coordination View" subset option excludes all 2D elements from
the transfer as these elements are not defined in the corresponding
specifications.
Using the coordinates and length parameters, you can change the
unit used in the IFC file, resize the IFC file or define an additional
offset to displace the coordinates in the IFC File. So that you do not
have to define these settings from scratch each time, you can save
them as an Exchange favorite for future export operations. To do
this, select the Save as... button below the Current exchange favor-
ite area and specify the folder and name. Settings you have saved
are displayed in the list of exchange favorites. You can use the
About... button to add more information to the exchange favorite.
For example, you can add details about its use.

Guide to BIM Export and Import 55
When you have defined the necessary settings, close the dialog box
and start the actual export operation by clicking OK. A window
opens displaying the current status of the export operation. Once the
data has been transferred successfully, you can see the log file in a
separate window.
You can check whether and how the elements have been exported
from Allplan and written to the IFC file. Clicking Find takes you to
specific elements so that you can check whether they have been
transferred correctly.

As the log file is a temporary file that will be overwritten the next
time you export data, you can use the Print button to archive it
permanently. For example, you can send the file to a printer or save
it in PDF format.
Now you can provide your planning partners or others involved in
the project with the finished IFC file for further editing. To do this,
you can send it to them directly or store it on an accessible comput-
er on the company network or on a (BIM) server on the world wide
web.
56 Export and Import Allplan 2013
Importing
To check and edit an existing building model, you can import it into
Allplan. Start by creating a new project. You can also import the
model into an existing project. As the IFC data can only be written
to empty drawing files, you do not run the risk of overwriting exist-
ing files.
As opposed to the export and the creation of a BIM building model,
the import does not necessarily require an existing building struc-
ture. The IFC model to be imported always includes a building struc-
ture. If there is already a building structure in the project to which
the IFC data is being imported, the existing structure is expanded by
the structure defined in the IFC file.
To start the actual import operation in Allplan, open the File menu
and select Import - Import IFC Data or open the Create menu
and select Interfaces - Import IFC Data. In addition, you can
also drag the data directly into the workspace.
Guide to BIM Export and Import 57

In the dialog box that opens, click Browse to select the folder and
the name of the file you want to import. To set more import options,
click Settings. If you import the file using an drag-and-drop opera-
tion, the Settings dialog box opens directly.
Using this dialog box, you can specify the unit and size of the ele-
ments to be imported, influence their position in relation to the co-
ordinate system as well as select the elements you want to import.
Here, too, you can use the Save as... button to save the settings as
an Exchange favorite for future export operations so that you do
not have to define these settings from scratch each time. The favorite
saved is added to the list of current exchange favorites. Using the
About... button you can describe the favorite more precisely.
58 Export and Import Allplan 2013

When you have defined the necessary settings, close the dialog box
and start the actual import operation by clicking OK. In the next
dialog box, you can specify the number of the first drawing file to
be used. Starting with this drawing file, Allplan arranges the IFC
data on empty drawing files in ascending order. Here, the drawing
file that is currently open is irrelevant as you cannot select it as the
first drawing file.
The program itself automatically selects the first empty drawing file
followed by enough empty drawing files so that the structure can be
imported completely. Of course, you can specify a different drawing
file at any time. If there are not enough empty drawing files, the
program will issue a message.
Guide to BIM Export and Import 59

You can only select empty drawing files. Allplan always arranges
the IFC data on empty drawing files. So you do not run the risk of
inadvertently overwriting existing data. However, it is not possible
to arrange the data on specific drawing files as Allplan adopts the
structure as it is. If you want to place elements in specific docu-
ments, you use the Copy, Move Elements between Documents
tool (on the File menu) to do this after the import.
After you have selected the first drawing file, click OK to confirm
the dialog box. Now Allplan imports the IFC data and integrates the
IFC structure into an existing structure or creates the IFC structure as
new structural levels.
After the data has been imported successfully, the log file is dis-
played in a separate window. This log file lists the individual ele-
ments in the IFC file by type and number. Similarly, the elements
imported into Allplan and the new elements are listed. Using this log
file, you can check whether all elements have been transferred com-
pletely and correctly. Using the Print button, you can send the file to
a printer or save it in PDF format.
60 Export and Import Allplan 2013

Clicking OK takes you back to the workspace. Now you can check or
edit the IFC data imported. As this data mainly consists of compo-
nents and architectural elements, the tools provided in the Architec-
ture modules are particularly useful.
Guide to BIM Checking Data 61
Checking Data
Whenever you exchange data, you must be aware of the
fact that converting data to a different format always re-
sults in changes, albeit marginal. The same applies to the
import and export of IFC files. Due to different program-
ming and element descriptions, a one-to-one conversion
to a different format is simply impossible to achieve.
If you have received or created an IFC file and you want
to view and check it in its original format before you
convert or distribute it, you require a program that can
directly read this format. IFC Viewers are specially devel-
oped for this purpose. Any other (CAD) program converts
the data to its own, inherent format.
62 Checking Data Allplan 2013
IFC Viewers
On the Internet you can find a number of mostly free IFC Viewers,
which mainly differ in handling and user interface. Using these
viewers you can display and interactively explore IFC files as well as
retrieve information on the individual elements. Some viewers offer
additional functionalities. For example, you can transfer data to oth-
er file formats or display conflicts within the components.
As IFC Viewers are separate programs, you can use them inde-
pendently of the CAD system to visualize building models. So they
are also suitable for presenting models to clients or institutions who
do not work with Allplan.
To check an IFC model you created yourself or received from a plan-
ning partner, start the viewer program installed beforehand and im-
port the data using Open on the File menu.
The (building) model is initially displayed in an isometric view. In
addition, the individual menus and toolbars provide valuable infor-
mation on the elements and structures in the model.
This example uses the FZK Viewer.
Guide to BIM Checking Data 63
Navigation
Compared with Allplan, you can navigate in the IFC Viewer in a
similar way. All common views are available as default settings. In
addition, you can create your own views. To set a default view, se-
lect it on the View menu or on the 3D toolbar.

Using User-Defined Views you can define an X, Y and Z angle to
rotate the IFC model about the corresponding axis. Once you have
found a suitable view, you can save it by clicking the Add button
and retrieve it later when needed. All the views you save in this
manner are presented for selection in the drop-down list.

64 Checking Data Allplan 2013
The numerous options Allplan provides for interactively exploring
the model in the animation window (rotating, zooming and so on)
can also be found in an IFC Viewer. Here, you can use the mouse
buttons to move around. To specify the navigation type, use the 3D
toolbar. The symbol next to the cursor indicates the current setting.

What's more, you can use the mouse wheel and the keyboard as you
would in any other Windows application.
Representation
In addition to the view settings, you can display the IFC model as a
wireframe model or hidden line image in the same way as in All-
plan as well as define different surface settings or apply shading.
Furthermore, all elements of the same type or with the same layers
can be shown or hidden together. This leads to a better overview and
gives you the option to display elements of a specific type only, such
as columns or downstand beams. The result is a reduced view of the
model that only contains the information currently required.
Notes:
In IFC the meaning of layer differs from that in Allplan. This is im-
portant to know so that misunderstandings can be avoided.
In conjunction with IFC a layer always describes the layer of a com-
ponent. For example, you can define construction layers of walls or
construction layers of finishing surfaces in Allplan. Whereas in All-
plan the term layer describes a format property that can be assigned
Guide to BIM Checking Data 65
to each element. As a result, layers are imported and exported as
element properties and transferred with the data structure.
The element toolbar provides an overview of all element types and
layers in the open IFC file. In addition, you can see how the visibility
changes. This is indicated by the symbols in front of the entries.

When you open an IFC file in a viewer, the room (space) and open-
ing object (opening element) are hidden by default but you can set
them to visible if necessary.
Structure
The data structure within a file and the connection between the in-
dividual elements is displayed in the browser toolbar whose structure
is similar to the building structure in Allplan . The individual struc-
tural levels are arranged in a hierarchy. You can use them to navi-
gate as well as to select specific elements or structural nodes. These
structural levels correspond to the IFC-compliant structural levels of
the building structure in Allplan:
Project IFCProject
Site IFCSite
Building IFCBuilding
Story IFCStorey
66 Checking Data Allplan 2013
Being a program-internal structure, the drawing file structure is not
transferred to IFC.
Depending on the selected entries, the representation in the view
window changes: you can always see the selected element and all its
subordinate elements.

As opposed to "real" elements, which you can select in the same way
directly in the view window, the structural levels can only be select-
ed in the browser window so that you can see their properties.
Element properties
In addition to checking files you created or received and exploring
the building model interactively, retrieving specific information on
elements is one of the most important functions of an IFC Viewer.
To do this, select an element in the browser toolbar or directly by
clicking it in the view window. All associated attribute values, prop-
erties and relations are displayed in the property toolbar, which con-
sists of the following tabs: Element Properties (general) , Properties
(component-specific) and Relations.
Guide to BIM Checking Data 67
TheElement Properties tab provides information on the element
type, name, description, format properties, position and size.

You can find additional information on the element, which was as-
signed in the form of attributes, in the Properties tab. Here, the val-
ues of the PSets and the BaseQuantities are also listed. The structure
complies with the attribute specifications for the individual elements.
The information that is not included in the predefined PSets is com-
bined in an additional attribute set.

68 Checking Data Allplan 2013
The relations, which are represented by values, define the geometric
as well as hierarchic position of the selected element within the en-
tire structure. In addition to the structural levels, superordinate, sub-
ordinate and connecting elements are also displayed.

As you can see, an IFC Viewer offers various ways of retrieving
graphic as well as alphanumeric information from the data model.
However, you cannot change the element geometry or the attributes
and information saved. To do this, you need to open the data direct-
ly in the CAD program.

Guide to BIM Troubleshooting 69
Troubleshooting
If you have familiarized yourself with BIM, the IFC interface and the
underlying philosophy and observed the tips and rules described in
this guide, you should not encounter any major problems when you
exchange data.
However, due to varying boundary conditions and influences as well
as data quality, you may face inconsistencies or difficulties when
you import and export data or work with the data.
This chapter presents solutions to a number of problems that may
occur. In addition, we will gladly offer you advice and assistance in
every possible way. Just let us know if there is anything we can do
for you.
IFC data cannot be exchanged
You are trying to create or import an IFC file but Allplan does not
react and does not issue an error message either. This is usually
caused by damaged files in the user folder.
To fix them, you need to create new files. Exit Allplan and open the
Services application. Clicking Service - Windows Explorer - My
own CAD documents (USR) takes you directly to the user folder. As
an alternative, you can also open this folder using Windows Explor-
er. The path is displayed in theServices application window.
The user folder includes the EDMDat abase subfolder with the dam-
aged files. Open this subfolder and delete all the files so that the sub-
folder is empty. Please do not delete the subfolder itself as it is re-
quired by the program.
After this, start Allplan again. The files you deleted are created
again. This solves the problem. Now IFC data exchange should run
smoothly.
70 Troubleshooting Allplan 2013
IFC files cannot be opened
You have been given an IFC file by a planning partner but you can-
not import it into Allplan or open it with an IFC Viewer. This can
be caused by a missing description in the header of the file.
To check this, open the file using a text editor (NotePad, TextPad, ...).
The first lines contain the header, which usually consists of the ver-
sion, file name and file description: FILE_DESCRIPTION((' xxxxxxx
'),' xxxx ').
If this entry is empty, please enter FILE_DESCRIPTION(('IFC2x3 Co-
ordination View'),'2;1') and save the file.
This solves the problem. Now you can try to import or open the file
again.
Components are not exported correctly
You have used the descriptions in this guide to create an IFC file in
Allplan but the components are not imported or displayed correctly
in an IFC Viewer. This can be caused by incorrect or imprecise com-
ponents in Allplan.
Imprecisions and errors of this kind may occur when you modify the
geometry of architectural elements, work with large coordinate val-
ues or angles that deviate from the perpendicular.
In addition to measuring geometric values exactly, you can check
problematic data using the Check Model Data, Mark Critical
Data tool on the Change menu of the 3D Modeling module in the
Bonus Tools family.

Guide to BIM Troubleshooting 71
If there is "critical" data in the model, you are advised to fix this
data before you start exporting to ensure that the transfer runs
smoothly. To do this, use the Restore 3D View tool, which you
can find in the Change area in the Architecture modules.

By recalculating and updating all selected components, this tool cor-
rects minor imprecisions and solves errors of this kind. If there are
large coordinate values, you are advised to move the data to the All-
plan origin before you create the IFC file. To do this, you can use the
Move tool in the Edit toolbar.
After you have revised the model in this way, the components
should be written correctly to the IFC file.
72 FAQs on IFC Allplan 2013
FAQs on IFC
The following chapter briefly presents the most important
FAQs on BIM and the IFC interface. These topics are de-
scribed in detail in this guide.
BIM model
Everybody is talking about BIM, BIM models and "BIM-
compliant" software. What is it all about? And what does the ab-
breviation BIM mean and is Allplan BIM-compliant?
Apart from "Be Intelligent Man", the abbreviation BIM stands for
Building Information Modeling, which means that data of a build-
ing is modeled. This describes the process and method of creating a
central building data model that includes all data, characteristic val-
ues and attributes relevant to planning, designing, constructing and
maintaining the building.
The virtual model of the building created in this manner is often
referred to as a BIM model.
There is no actual "BIM-compliant" label in the form of a certifica-
tion for a software program. Each (CAD) program you can use to
create a data model of this kind is "BIM-compliant".
Allplan has been supporting this development as a pioneer since the
eighties even though Allplan 2008 was the first version to focus on
BIM. Since creating and analyzing a 3D model has always been the
top priority, which can be done quickly and easily inAllplan and
which is also the approach recommended for creating projects, All-
plan is considered to be "BIM-compliant" in every respect.
Guide to BIM FAQs on IFC 73
IFC format
What is the IFC format? Are there different types? Can my plan-
ing partner read all these types?
IFC or Industry Foundation Classes, which is the full name, is a
special file format, such as BMP, DOC and PDF. Using files in this
format, project information relevant to the building and construction
industries as well as facility management can be described and
transferred. This is done in the form of a digital building model
whose structure and properties are defined by the format. The file
has the extension "*. i f c".
Depending on setup, date of issue and content, IFC differentiates
between the IFC2x2, IFC2x3, IFC2x4 and IFC-XML formats. The
format most commonly used today is IFC2x3, which is also the de-
fault setting in Allplan . IFC2x4 is the further development of this
format; however, this standard has not yet been approved officially.
IFC-XML, on the other hand, does not provide model data but re-
turns the associated descriptions in text form. You can use any
common editor to read this format. Therefore, it is mainly useful to
exchange partial information.
For the time being, you are advised to use the IFC2x3 format, which
can usually be ready by every (CAD) software program with an IFC
interface.
74 FAQs on IFC Allplan 2013
IFC specifications
AutoCAD is behind the DWG format and Adobe is behind PDF. So
who is responsible for IFC and who defines its specifications?
IFC is an open and neutral format, which means that it is independ-
ent of any program and provider.
The specifications and standards describing how building models are
to be created and how data is to be structured are defined and re-
fined by an international consortium. Launched in 1994, the IFC
initiative was founded by a group of leading software providers.
Right from the outset, it was open to all interested parties. Today, it
also includes government agencies, research laboratories, universities
as well as groups and private persons. Founded as International Al-
liance for Interoperability (IAI), the consortium was renamed build-
ingSMART International in 2005.
The specifications developed and defined by IAI and buildingSmart
have become a standard by now and they are certified by ISO and
registered as ISO/PAS 16739.
Being a member of the initiative, Nemetschek strongly supports the
further development of the IFC interface and the certification process
used to check and certify this program interface.
Guide to BIM FAQs on IFC 75
File preview
How can I display IFC files? Do I need a specific CAD program or
can I get a preview of these files prior to importing them to All-
plan?
Being an open and platform-independent format, an IFC file can be
read by any CAD program provided it is equipped with an IFC inter-
face. Basically, you import data, which means that the data is read
and converted to the program-specific format so that you can then
edit the data as if it was initially created by this program.
To display the file, you can choose from numerous IFC Viewers,
which are mostly available as freeware. However, you cannot edit or
change anything in the file. Using these viewers, you can move
around and explore the 3D model interactively as well as retrieve
information on individual elements in this model. You can even
convert the data to other formats. However, this feature is not pro-
vided by all viewers.
As opposed to the DWG interface, the IFC interface in Allplan does
not provide an integrated preview as you can use a viewer to access
the relevant information. After having created an IFC file, you can
also check the data in a viewer before you distribute the file.
76 FAQs on IFC Allplan 2013
Import
I have received IFC-format files: What is the best approach to im-
port them to Allplan? What settings should I use? Can I specify
where and how the file contents are saved?
You can import the data into an existing project or create a new
project in advance. To start the actual import, select Import on the
File menu or Interfaces on the Create menu. Then click Import
IFC Data. As an alternative, you can also drag the file into the work-
space.
Regardless of the method you use, the drawing file that is currently
open is irrelevant as you can specify the first drawing file for the
import in a separate dialog box. Starting with this drawing file, All-
plan arranges the elements in the IFC file on empty drawing files in
ascending order. As Allplan only uses empty drawing files, you do
not run the risk of overwriting existing data.
As the structure of the data is defined in the file itself, you cannot
influence or change it during the import and you do not need to
define any specific import settings either. But you can specify which
elements are to be imported. In addition, you can use the "Copy,
Move Elements between Documents" tool to refine the existing
structure after the import. So, for example, you can arrange the data
by component.
Guide to BIM FAQs on IFC 77
Building structure
I usually work without the building structure in Allplan but now I
want to use the IFC interface. Can I apply a building structure
later and, if yes, how?
Basically, Allplan provides two options for structuring data, which
can be used in parallel and independently of each other.
In addition to the familiar drawing file structure, the building struc-
ture was introduced with Allplan 2006. Using the building structure
you can divide project data into individual, hierarchic structural lev-
els. The building structure reflects the topology of a real building.
Instead of filesets, you assign drawing files to the individual struc-
tural levels.
If you have only worked with the fileset structure so far, you can
still apply a building structure to the data. This structure can then be
used for the IFC export. If the fileset structure is divided into indi-
vidual stories, you can derive the building structure directly from the
existing fileset structure. As an alternative, Allplan offers a selection
of predefined structures for different project types, which you can
use and adjust accordingly.
To create a building structure (later), select the Open on a Pro-
ject-Specific Basis tool and switch to the Building structure tab. If
there is no structure, Allplanwill issue a message prompting you to
specify how this building structure is to be created.
78 FAQs on IFC Allplan 2013
Restrictions of building structure
What is an IFC-compliant building structure? What specifications
apply and how can I comply with them?
In accordance with the regulations defining the structure of IFC files,
the mandatory building structure must consist of predefined struc-
tural levels. If the structure meets these requirements, it is referred to
as being IFC-compliant.
In other words, you can only use specific structural levels that must
be arranged in a specific sequence. This means that these structural
levels must be arranged so that they reflect the topology of a build-
ing. For example, a story cannot be superordinate to a structure.
You can use the following structural levels to create an IFC-
compliant structure: SITE, STRUCTURE, BUILDING, STORY and
SUB-STORY. Please note that you can only assign drawing files di-
rectly to sites, buildings and stories.
You can use the Restrictions of building structure tool to check
whether the building structure meets the requirements of IFC. To do
this, select the project node, open the shortcut menu, select Re-
strictions of building structure and click the IFC-compliant struc-
ture button. Any structural levels or drawing file assignments that
do not comply with these regulations are marked with a red cross.
Solve these conflicts by adjusting the building structure so that it
meets the requirements of IFC.
Guide to BIM FAQs on IFC 79
Layers
What is the role of layers in IFC?
In Allplan layers provide an additional means of applying a struc-
ture to elements, in particular when it comes to defining visibility,
format properties and privileges. However, unlike other CAD pro-
grams storing data in layers, the actual data creation process hap-
pens in drawing files.
A layer is a format property, such as the color or line type, and it is
transferred in this form to IFC. In the IFC file, layers are displayed as
(general) element properties and they can also be shown or hidden.
Layers are of particular importance when you work with programs
that do not provide any other means of applying a structure.
The term layer in an IFC file mainly refers to the construction layer
of a component, such as a multi-layer wall.
80 FAQs on IFC Allplan 2013
Attributes
Which component attributes and element properties are trans-
ferred? Can I also transfer user-defined attributes and attributes
that are not in the IFC attribute group?
Each transferable (architectural) element created in three dimensions
in Allplan is aways transferred with all its properties that are re-
quired to identify it in IFC. These properties include the geometry
and position as well as general properties, such as the object type
and name.
Any other data and characteristic values that are relevant to the el-
ement and that are to be included in the transfer can be assigned in
the form of attributes. For this Allplan provides the Assign,
Modify Object Attributes tool in the Object Manager module.
The group from which you take the attributes is irrelevant. So you
can also use user-defined attributes. All assigned attributes with val-
ues are transferred.
The entries in the IFC attribute group are mainly used for structural
analyses, building physics, fire protection or for the general ele-
ment description. Therefore, they are defined as minimum require-
ments in the IFC specifications.
When it comes to transferring data, the group to which an attribute
belongs is completely irrelevant. It is the internally coded assign-
ment that defines whether an attribute is transferred as an IFC at-
tribute or as an Allplan attribute.
Guide to BIM FAQs on IFC 81
Layout export
I have created a model in accordance with the specifications. Now
I want to export a layout to IFC. But the tool is grayed out. So
what is wrong?
Consisting of 2D lines, a layout is always a 2D representation of
your data. But IFC is designed for exchanging 3D building models.
Consequently, you can only transfer drawing files via the IFC inter-
face. Layouts cannot be transferred. The same applies to all 2D ele-
ments, such as text and dimension lines.
To export IFC data, you need to switch from the layout editor back
to drawing file mode.
If you want to provide your planning partner with additional infor-
mation or 2D layouts, you can create a separate, for example, DWG-
format file in addition to the IFC file. Your partner office can then
use the corresponding interfaces to import the two files into the CAD
program used.
As the coordinate values are saved in the files, they are placed on
top of each other so that they are congruent. As a result, 2D infor-
mation can be assigned to 3D data without any problems.
Guide to BIM Appendix 83
Appendix
This appendix provides tables listing
Attributes and PSets
... and a complete overview of Allplan attributes and IFC
attributes sorted by category:
Attributes for the building topology
Attributes for the unfinished structure
Attributes for the finish
84 Overview of Attributes and PSets Allplan 2013
Overview of Attributes and PSets
Base Quantities (geometric attributes)

Element IFC attribute Allplan attribute
Attribute
number Allplan group
Foundation -
IFCFooting
Width
Thickness 221 (199) AR_Quantities

Length
Length 220 AR_Quantities

Height
Height 222 AR_Quantities

NetVolume Net volume 226 AR_Quantities
Wall - IFCWall GrossVolume Volume 223 AR_Quantities

NetVolume Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

GrossSideArea Area 229 AR_Quantities

NetSideArea Area 229 AR_Quantities

NominalLength Length 220 AR_Quantities

NominalWidth Thickness 221 AR_Quantities

GrossFootprintArea Base area 224 AR_Quantities

NominalHeight Height 222 AR_Quantities
Downstand
beam -
IFCBeam GrossFootprint(Section)Area Cross-section area

Profile

Length Length 220 AR_Quantities

GrossVolume Volume 223 AR_Quantities

NetVolume Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

OuterSurfaceArea Surface 722 AR_Quantities
Column -
IFCColumn Height Height 222 AR_Quantities

GrossVolume Volume 223 AR_Quantities

NetVolume Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

OuterSurfaceArea Surface 722 AR_Quantities

GrossFloor(Section)Area Floor area 293 AR_Quantities
Guide to BIM Appendix 85
Element IFC attribute Allplan attribute
Attribute
number Allplan group
Slab -
IFCSlab GrossVolume Volume 223 AR_Quantities

NetVolume Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

GrossSideArea Area 229 AR_Quantities
Roof - IFCRoof TotalSurfaceArea Area 229 AR_Quantities

Width Height 222 AR_Quantities
Member -
IFCMember Height Height 222 AR_Quantities

GrossVolume Volume 223 AR_Quantities

NetVolume Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

OuterSurfaceArea
Surface
722 AR_Quantities

GrossFloor(Section)Area Floor area 293 AR_Quantities
Plate -
IFCPlate GrossVolume Volume 223 AR_Quantities

NetVolume Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

GrossSideArea Area 229 AR_Quantities

Width Height 222 AR_Quantities
Stair -
IFCStair Length Length 220 AR_Quantities

Volume Volume 223 AR_Quantities
Ramp -
IFCRamp Length Length 220 AR_Quantities

GrossSideArea Area 229 AR_Quantities

Volume Volume 223 AR_Quantities
Window -
IFCWindow OverallWidth/Length Length 220 AR_Quantities

OverallHeight Height 222 AR_Quantities

NominalArea Area 229 AR_Quantities
Door - IFCDoor OverallWidth/Length Length 220 AR_Quantities

OverallHeight Height 222 AR_Quantities

NominalArea Area 229 AR_Quantities
86 Overview of Attributes and PSets Allplan 2013
Element IFC attribute Allplan attribute
Attribute
number Allplan group
Facade -
IFCCurtainWall Length Length 220 AR_Quantities

Height Height 222 AR_Quantities

Width Thickness 221 AR_Quantities

GrossArea Area 229 AR_Quantities
Covering -
IFCCovering GrossArea Area 230 AR_Quantities

TotalThickness Thickness_absolute 199 AR_Quantities
Railing -
IFCRailing Length Length 220 AR_Quantities

Area Area 229 AR_Quantities
Furniture -
IFCFurnishing Length Length 220 AR_Quantities

Width Thickness 221 AR_Quantities

Height Height 222 AR_Quantities
Room -
IFCSpace FinishFloorHigh TLFF
112+MT_Boden
( 211) Formula

FinishCeilingHigh BLFD
113-MT_Decke
( 211) Formula

ElevationWithFlooring
Height of floor
structure
MT_Boden
( 211) Formula

GrossWallArea Wall area


NetVolume Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

NetFloorArea Floor area 293 AR_Quantities

GrossVolume Volume 223 AR_Quantities

CrossSectionArea Cross-section area


NetPerimeter Perimeter 228 AR_Quantities

NetWallArea Wall area




Guide to BIM Appendix 87
PSet Common (general element properties)

Element IFC attribute Allplan attribute
Attribute
number Allplan group
Foundation -
IFCFooting Material.Name Material 508 AR_General

Reference Code text 83 AR_General
Wall -
IFCWall LoadBearing Structure_load-bearing 573
AR_General,
IFC

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC

AcousticRating Sound insulation classification 1373 IFC

FireRating Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Compartmentation Defining fire compartment 1396 General, IFC

ThermalTransmittance U-value 981 IFC

WithClipping Recess
Downstand beam
- IFCBeam Reference Code text 83 AR_General

LoadBearing Structure_load-bearing 573
AR_General,
IFC

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC

FireRating Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Slope Inclination 909
IFC, Thermal
Insulation

Span Span 1374 IFC
Column - IFCCo-
lumn Reference Code text 83 AR_General

LoadBearing Structure_load-bearing 573
AR_General,
IFC

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC

FireRating Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Slope Inclination 909
IFC, Thermal
Insulation
Slab - IFCSlab Reference Code text 83 AR_General

LoadBearing Structure_load-bearing 573
AR_General,
IFC

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC

AcousticRating Sound insulation classification 1373 IFC
88 Overview of Attributes and PSets Allplan 2013
Element IFC attribute Allplan attribute
Attribute
number Allplan group

FireRating Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Combustible Flammable 1371 IFC

Compartmentation Defining fire compartment 1396 General, IFC

PitchAngle Inclination 909
IFC, Thermal
Insulation

ThermalTransmittance U-value 981 IFC

WithClipping Recess

Roof - IFCRoof Reference Code text 83 AR_General

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC

FireRating Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

ProjectedArea Projected area 1397 General, IFC
Member -
IFCMember Reference Structure_load-bearing 573
AR_General,
IFC

LoadBearing Classification 618 IFC

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC

Slope Inclination 909
IFC, Thermal
Insulation

Span Span 1374 IFC
Plate - IFCPlate Reference Code text 83 AR_General

LoadBearing Structure_load-bearing 573
AR_General,
IFC

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC

FireRating Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

ThermalTransmittance U-value 981 IFC
Stair - IFCStair Reference Code text 83 AR_General

NumberOfRiser Number of risers 88 AR_Quantities

NumberOfTreads Treads

AR_Quantities

RiserHeight Rise 89 AR_Quantities

TreadLength Tread run 90 AR_Quantities

RequiredHeadroom Required headroom 1377 IFC

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC

FireRating Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

FireExit Escape route 1376 IFC

HandicapAccessible Suitable for the disabled 1375 IFC
Guide to BIM Appendix 89
Element IFC attribute Allplan attribute
Attribute
number Allplan group
Ramp - IFCRamp Reference Code text 83 AR_General

RequiredHeadroom Required headroom 1377 IFC

RequiredSlope Required inclination 1378 IFC

HandicapAccessible Suitable for the disabled 1375 IFC

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC

FireExit Escape route 1376 IFC

Slope Inclination 909
IFC, Thermal
Insulation

Diameter Diameter 759 AR_Quantities

FireExit Escape route 1376 IFC

FireRating Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

HasNonSkidSurface Skidproof 1406
AR_General,
IFC

Window -
IFCWindow Reference Code text 83 AR_General

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC

AcousticRating Sound insulation classification 1373 IFC

FireRating Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

SecurityRating Safety classification 1392 IFC

SmokeStop Smoke protection 1379 IFC

Door - IFCDoor GlazingAreaFraction Proportion of glazing 621 IFC

ThermalTransmittance U-value 981 IFC

Reference Code text 83 AR_General

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC

AcousticRating Sound insulation classification 1373 IFC

FireRating Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

FireExit Emergency exit 1381 IFC

SmokeStop Smoke protection 1379 IFC

SecurityRating Safety classification 1392 IFC

GlazingAreaFraction Proportion of glazing 621 IFC

SelfClosing Self-closing 1380 IFC
90 Overview of Attributes and PSets Allplan 2013
Element IFC attribute Allplan attribute
Attribute
number Allplan group

ThermalTransmittance U-value 981 IFC

HandicapAccessible Suitable for the disabled 1375 IFC

Facade - IFCCur-
tainWall Reference Code text 83 AR_General

FireRating Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

AcousticRating Sound insulation classification 1373 IFC

ThermalTransmittance U-value 981 IFC

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC

FireExit Emergency exit 1381 IFC

Combustible Flammable 1371 IFC

Covering -
IFCCovering Reference Code text 83 AR_General

FireRating Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Flammability Flammability rating 1398 General, IFC

TotalThickness Thickness_absolute 199 AR_Quantities

Finish Quality of finish 1394 General, IFC

Railing - IFCRai-
ling
Reference /
railing_horizontal Code text 83 AR_General

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC

Height Height 222 AR_Quantities

Diameter Diameter 759 AR_Quantities

Room - IFCSpace FloorCovering Floor covering


WallCovering Wall covering


CeilingCovering Ceiling covering


HandicapAccesible Suitable for the disabled 1375 IFC

GrossPlannedArea Base area_planned



Site - IFCSite TotalArea Gross area 550 Project
Guide to BIM Appendix 91
Element IFC attribute Allplan attribute
Attribute
number Allplan group

BuildableArea Area available for building 548 Project

BuildingHeightLimit Maximum height of building 549 Project

Building -
IFCBuilding GrossFloorArea Gross floor area 465 Project

NetFloorArea Base area 224 AR_Quantities

BuildingID Building ID 696 Project

YearOfConstruction Year of construction 1111 Project

Story IFCStorey GrossFloorArea Gross floor area 465 Project

NetFloorArea Base area 224 AR_Quantities

EntranceLevel Entrance level


AboveGround Above ground


SprinklerProtection Sprinkler protection 1399 General, IFC



92 Overview of Attributes and PSets Allplan 2013
Additional PSet (special element properties)

Element IFC PropertySet
IFC
attribute
Allplan
attribute
Attribute
number
Allplan
group
Window -
IFCWindow Pset_GlazingType GlassLayers Number of panes


Pset_GlazingType IsLaminated Laminated


Pset_GlazingType IsCoated Coated


Pset_GlazingType IsWired Wire glass


Pset_GlazingType
ExternalShading
Coefficient Shading 620 IFC

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ArticleNumber
Item number 241
FM Mana-
ger

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ModelReference
Model number 1382 IFC

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ModelLabel
Name of model 1383 IFC

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
Manufacturer
Manufacturer 1136
IFC, Cadast-
ral Plan

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ProductionYear
Production year 1393 IFC
Door -
IFCDoor Pset_GlazingType GlassLayers Number of panes


Pset_GlazingType IsLaminated Laminated


Pset_GlazingType IsCoated Coated


Pset_GlazingType IsTempered Tempered


PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ArticleNumber
Item number 241
FM Mana-
ger

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ModelReference
Model number 1382 IFC

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ModelLabel
Name of model 1383 IFC

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
Manufacturer
Manufacturer 1136
IFC, Cadast-
ral Plan

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ProductionYear
Production year 1393 IFC
Guide to BIM Appendix 93
Element IFC PropertySet
IFC
attribute
Allplan
attribute
Attribute
number
Allplan
group
Facade
IFCCurtain
Wall
UD_Panel
GlazingType GlassLayers Number of panes


UD_Panel
GlazingType LaminatedGlass Laminated


UD_Panel
GlazingType SafetyGlass Safety glass


UD_Panel
GlazingType SunBlind Sun blinds
Railing -
IFCRailing
UD_Surface
Treatment RALcolour RAL color


UD_Surface
Treatment Coating Coating
Furniture -
IFCFur-
nishing
PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ArticleNumber
Item number 241
FM Mana-
ger

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ModelReference
Model number 1382 IFC

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ModelLabel
Name of model 1383 IFC

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
Manufacturer
Manufacturer 1136
IFC,
Cadastral
Plan

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ProductionYear
Production year 1393 IFC
Equipment
IFC
Equipment
PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ArticleNumber
Item number 241
FM Mana-
ger

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ModelReference
Model number 1382 IFC

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ModelLabel
Name of model 1383 IFC

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
Manufacturer
Manufacturer 1136
IFC,
Cadastral
Plan

PsetManufacturer
TypeInformation
ProductionYear
Production year 1393 IFC
94 Overview of Attributes and PSets Allplan 2013
Element IFC PropertySet
IFC
attribute
Allplan
attribute
Attribute
number
Allplan
group
Room -
IFCSpace
IFC_Classification
Reference ItemReference
DIN277 occupancy
type 235
DIN 277,
IFC

IFC_Classification
Reference Name DIN277 area type 232 DIN 277

Pset_SpaceThermal
Requirements
SpaceTemperature
Max Temperature_max 1405
IFC,
General

Pset_SpaceThermal
Requirements
SpaceTemperature
Min Temperature_min 1404
IFC,
General

Pset_SpaceThermal
Requirements SpaceHumdity Humidity 1401
IFC,
General

Pset_SpaceThermal
Requirements NaturalVentilation Natural ventilation 1402
IFC,
General

Pset_SpaceThermal
Requirements AirConditioning Air-conditioned 1403
IFC,
General

Pset_SpaceLighting
Requirements ArtificialLighting Artificial light 1400
IFC,
General

PsetSpaceSafety
Requirements
Flammability
Flammability rating 1398 General, IFC

PsetSpaceSafety
Requirements
SprinklerProtec-
tion Sprinkler protection 1399 General, IFC



Guide to BIM Appendix 95
Additional Attributes (additional element properties)

Element IFC attribute Allplan attribute
Attribute
number Allplan group
Foundation -
IFCFooting Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC
Wall - IFCWall Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Material.Name Material 508 AR_General

Flammability Flammability rating 1398 General, IFC
Downstand
beam -
IFCBeam Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Material.Name Material 508 AR_General
Column -
IFCColumn Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Material.Name Material 508 AR_General
Slab - IFCSlab Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Material.Name Material 508 AR_General

ProductionYear Production year 1393 IFC

ConcreteDensity Concrete grade 1063
Precast concrete
elements
Roof - IFCRoof Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

ThermalTransmittance U-value 981 IFC

SolarPanel Solar installation
Member -
IFCMember Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

FireRating Fire resistance classification 935 IFC
96 Overview of Attributes and PSets Allplan 2013
Element IFC attribute Allplan attribute
Attribute
number Allplan group
Plate -
IFCPlate Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

AcousticRating
Sound insulation classifica-
tion 1373 IFC

Combustible Flammable 1371 IFC

Compartmentation Defining fire compartment 1396 General, IFC

Slope Inclination 909
IFC, Thermal Insula-
tion
Stair -
IFCStair Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC
Ramp -
IFCRamp Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC
Window -
IFCWindow Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

ConstructionType Type 764 IFC, Engineering
Door - IFCDoor Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

ConstructionType Type 764 IFC, Engineering

OperationType Door swing 162
Facade -
IFCCurtainWall Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Material.Name Material 508 AR_General
Covering -
IFCCovering Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Material.Name Material 508 AR_General
Guide to BIM Appendix 97
Element IFC attribute Allplan attribute
Attribute
number Allplan group
Railing -
IFCRailing Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Material.Name Material 508 AR_General

Slope Inclination 909
IFC, Thermal Insula-
tion
Furniture -
IFCFurnishing Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Reference Code text 83 AR_General

ItemReference Classification key 1395
General, Object
Manager
Equipment -
IFCEquipment Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Reference Code text 83 AR_General
Room -
IFCSpace Name Name 507 AR_General, IFC

LongName Function 506 AR_General, IFC

IsExternal Classification 618 IFC
Site - IFCSite Name Project number 936 Project

LongName Project name 405 Project

Longitude Longitude 1217 Project

Latitude Latitude 1218 Project

Elevation Height above mean sea level 585 Project

AddressLine Construction project address 1094 Project

Town
Construction project ZIP
code/city 923 Project

Region Region, state 290 Project

PostalCode
Construction project ZIP
code/city 923 Project

Country Country 289 Project
98 Overview of Attributes and PSets Allplan 2013
Element IFC attribute Allplan attribute
Attribute
number Allplan group
Building -
IFCBuilding Name Project number 936 Project

LongName Project name 405 Project

AddressLine Construction project address 1094 Project

Town
Construction project ZIP
code/city 923 Project

Region Region, state 290 Project

PostalCode
Construction project ZIP
code/city 923 Project

Country Country 289 Project

OccupancyType Building type 462 Project
Story
IFCStorey Name Project number 936 Project

LongName Project name 405 Project

Height Height


Guide to BIM Appendix 99
Complete Overview of Allplan Attributes
and IFC Attributes
The pages that follow list all Allplan and IFC attributes including the
associated PSets, attribute names and attribute numbers.
Attributes for the building topology
You can use the project properties to assign topology attributes.
When you export the data, these attributes are automatically as-
signed to the appropriate structural levels.



Component -
Object Attribute description IFC attribute PSet Allplan attribute
Attribute
number
Attribute
group
Site - IFCSite Short name (number) Name

Project number 936 Project

Description/
full name LongName

Project name 405 Project

Longitude Longitude

Longitude 1217 Project

Latitude Latitude

Latitude 1218 Project

Height above mean sea level Elevation

Height above mean sea
level 585 Project

Address AddressLine

Construction project
address 1094 Project

City Town

Construction project ZIP
code/city 923 Project

State Region

Region, state 290 Project

ZIP code PostalCode

Construction project ZIP
code/city 923 Project

Country Country

Country 289 Project

Area available for building BuildableArea PsetSiteCommon Area available for building 548 Project

Maximum height of building BuildingHeightLimit PsetSiteCommon
Maximum height of buil-
ding 549 Project

Gross area TotalArea PsetSiteCommon Gross area 550 Project
Building -
IFCBuilding Part of site Decomposes Relations


Short name (number) Name

Project number 936 Project

Description/ full name LongName

Project name 405 Project

Address AddressLine

Construction project
address 1094 Project

City Town

Construction project ZIP
code/city 923 Project

State Region

Region, state 290 Project

ZIP code PostalCode

Construction project ZIP
code/city 923 Project

Country Country

Country 289 Project

Component -
Object Attribute description IFC attribute PSet Allplan attribute
Attribute
number
Attribute
group

Gross base area GrossFloorArea PsetBuildingCommon Gross floor area 465 Project

Net base area NetFloorArea PsetBuildingCommon Base area 224 AR_Quantities

Building ID BuildingID PsetBuildingCommon Building ID 696 Project

Occupancy type OccupancyType

Building type 462 Project

Year of construction YearOfConstruction PsetBuildingCommon Year of construction 1111 Project
Story - IFCBuil-
dingStorey Part of building Decomposes Relations


Short name (number) Name

Project number 936 Project

Description/ full name LongName

Project name 405 Project

Gross floor height GrossHeight


Net floor height NetHeight


Gross base area GrossFloorArea PsetStoreyCommon Gross floor area 465 Project

Net base area NetFloorArea PsetStoreyCommon Base area 224 AR_Quantities

Entrance level EntranceLevel PsetStoreyCommon


Story above ground AboveGround PsetStoreyCommon


Sprinkler protection SprinklerProtection PsetStoreyCommon Sprinkler protection 1399 General, IFC


102 Complete Overview of Allplan Attributes and IFC Attributes Allplan 2013
Attributes for the unfinished structure
BaseQuantities are geometric values the element is given automati-
cally. Relations are the results of assignments to structural levels or
PARENT_CHILD connections.



Component -
Object Attribute description IFC attribute IFC PSet Allplan attribute
Attribute
number
Attribute
group
Foundation -
IFCFooting Foundation name (number) Name

Name 507
AR_General,
IFC

Thickness Width BaseQuantities Thickness 221 (199) AR_Quantities

Length Length BaseQuantities Length 220 AR_Quantities

Height Height BaseQuantities Height 222 AR_Quantities

Gross base area GrossFootprintArea BaseQuantities

AR_Quantities

Net base area NetFootprintArea BaseQuantities Area 229 AR_Quantities

Gross volume GrossVolume BaseQuantities Volume 223 AR_Quantities

Net volume NetVolume BaseQuantities Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

Material Material.Name Pset_FootingCommon Material 508 AR_General

Foundation type Reference Pset_FootingCommon Code text 83 AR_General
Wall -
IFCWall Wall name (number) Name

Name 507
AR_General,
IFC

Description/ full name LongName

Function 506
AR_General,
IFC

Associated story
ContainedInStructure
:: IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Openings
HasOpenings :: IfcO-
peningElement Relations


Thickness Width BaseQuantities Thickness 221 AR_Quantities

Length Length BaseQuantities Length 220 AR_Quantities

Height Height BaseQuantities Height 222 AR_Quantities

Gross area GrossSideArea BaseQuantities Area 229 AR_Quantities

Net area NetSideArea BaseQuantities Area 229 AR_Quantities

Gross volume GrossVolume BaseQuantities Volume 223 AR_Quantities

Net volume NetVolume BaseQuantities Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

Component -
Object Attribute description IFC attribute IFC PSet Allplan attribute
Attribute
number
Attribute
group

General wall properties (PsetCommon) must be assigned to the wall as a who-
le.


Wall type Reference

Code text 83 AR_General

Material Material.Name

Material 508 AR_General

Load-bearing/ non-bearing LoadBearing PsetWallCommon Structure_load-bearing 573
AR_General,
IFC

Exterior wall / interior wall IsExternal PsetWallCommon Classification 618 IFC

Sound insulation classification AcousticRating PsetWallCommon
Sound insulation classifica-
tion 1373 IFC

Flammability rating Flammability

Flammability rating 1398 General, IFC

Recess WithClipping


Fire resistance classification FireRating PsetWallCommon Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Defining fire compartment Compartmentation PsetWallCommon Defining fire compartment 1396 General, IFC

U-value ThermalTransmittance PsetWallCommon U-value 981 IFC
Beam,
downstand
beam -
IFCBeam Name (number) of beam Name

Name 507
AR_General,
IFC

Description/ full name LongName

Function 506
AR_General,
IFC

Associated story
ContainedInStructure
:: IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Openings
HasOpenings :: IfcO-
peningElement Relations


Length Length BaseQuantities Length 220 AR_Quantities

Cross-section area CrossSectionArea BaseQuantities (using the section)


Surface OuterSurfaceArea BaseQuantities Surface 722 AR_Quantities

Gross volume GrossVolume BaseQuantities Volume 223 AR_Quantities

Component -
Object Attribute description IFC attribute IFC PSet Allplan attribute
Attribute
number
Attribute
group

Net volume NetVolume BaseQuantities Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

Material of beam Material.Name

Material 508 AR_General

Beam type Reference PsetBeamCommon Code text 83 AR_General

Load-bearing/ non-bearing
beam LoadBearing PsetBeamCommon Structure_load-bearing 573
AR_General,
IFC

Exterior beam / interior beam IsExternal PsetBeamCommon Classification 618 IFC

Fire resistance classification FireRating PsetBeamCommon Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Inclination Slope PsetBeamCommon Inclination 909
Thermal Insu-
lation, IFC

Span Span PsetBeamCommon Span 1374 IFC
Column -
IFCColumn Name (number) of column Name

Name 507
AR_General,
IFC

Description/ full name LongName

Function 506
AR_General,
IFC

Associated story
ContainedInStructure
:: IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Openings
HasOpenings :: IfcO-
peningElement Relations


Length Length BaseQuantities Height 222 AR_Quantities

Cross-section area CrossSectionArea BaseQuantities Floor area 293 AR_Quantities

Surface OuterSurfaceArea BaseQuantities Surface 722 AR_Quantities

Gross volume GrossVolume BaseQuantities Volume 223 AR_Quantities

Net volume NetVolume BaseQuantities Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

Material of column Material.Name

Material 508 AR_General

Column type Reference PsetColumnCommon Code text 83 AR_General

Load-bearing/ non-bearing
column LoadBearing PsetColumnCommon Structure_load-bearing 573
AR_General,
IFC

Component -
Object Attribute description IFC attribute IFC PSet Allplan attribute
Attribute
number
Attribute
group

Exterior column / interior co-
lumn IsExternal PsetColumnCommon Classification 618 IFC

Fire resistance classification FireRating PsetColumnCommon Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Inclination Slope PsetColumnCommon Inclination 909
Thermal Insu-
lation, IFC

Slab - IFCSlab Name (number) of slab Name

Name 507
AR_General,
IFC

Description/ full name LongName

Function 506
AR_General,
IFC

Associated story
ContainedInStructure
:: IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Openings
HasOpenings :: IfcO-
peningElement Relations


Thickness Width BaseQuantities Height 222 AR_Quantities

Gross area GrossSideArea BaseQuantities Area 229 AR_Quantities

Net area NetSideArea

Area 229 AR_Quantities

Gross volume GrossVolume BaseQuantities Volume 223 AR_Quantities

Net volume NetVolume BaseQuantities Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

Slab type Reference PsetSlabCommon Code text 83 AR_General

Load-bearing/ non-bearing slab LoadBearing PsetSlabCommon Structure_load-bearing 573
AR_General,
IFC

Exterior component IsExternal PsetSlabCommon Classification 618 IFC

Sound insulation classification AcousticRating PsetSlabCommon
Sound insulation classifica-
tion 1373 IFC

Fire resistance classification FireRating PsetSlabCommon Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Recess WithClipping


Flammable Combustible PsetSlabCommon Flammable 1371 IFC

Defining fire compartment Compartmentation PsetSlabCommon Defining fire compartment 1396 General, IFC

Component -
Object Attribute description IFC attribute IFC PSet Allplan attribute
Attribute
number
Attribute
group

Inclination Slope PsetSlabCommon Inclination 909
Thermal Insu-
lation, IFC

U-value ThermalTransmittance PsetSlabCommon U-value 981 IFC

Concrete density ConcreteDensity

Concrete grade 1095
Precast con-
crete ele-
ments
Roof -
IFCRoof Name (number) of roof Name

Name 507 Yes

Description/ full name LongName

Function 506
AR_General,
IFC

Associated story
ContainedInStructure
:: IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Openings
HasOpenings :: IfcO-
peningElement Relations


Roof elements
IsDecomposedBy ::
IfcBuildingElement


Gross area GrossSurfaceArea BaseQuantities Area 228 AR_Quantities

Net area NetSurfaceArea BaseQuantities Area 229 AR_Quantities

Roof type Reference PsetRoofCommon Code text 83 AR_General

Exterior component IsExternal PsetRoofCommon Classification 618 IFC

Fire resistance classification FireRating PsetRoofCommon Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Projected area ProjectedArea PsetRoofCommon Projected area 1397 General, IFC

Solar installation SolarPanel


U-value ThermalTransmittance

U-value 981 IFC


Component -
Object Attribute description IFC attribute IFC PSet Allplan attribute
Attribute
number
Attribute
group
Member -
IFCMember Member name (number) Name

Name 507
AR_General,
IFC

Description/ full name LongName

Function 506
AR_General,
IFC

Associated story
ContainedInStructure
:: IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Openings
HasOpenings :: IfcO-
peningElement Relations


Length Length

Height 222 AR_Quantities

Cross-section area CrossSectionArea

Floor area 293 AR_Quantities

Surface OuterSurfaceArea

Surface 722 AR_Quantities

Gross volume GrossVolume

Volume 223 AR_Quantities

Bar Type Reference PsetMemberCommon Code text 83 AR_General

Load-bearing/ non-bearing
member LoadBearing PsetMemberCommon Structure_load-bearing 573
AR_General,
IFC

Exterior member / interior
member IsExternal PsetMemberCommon Classification 618 IFC

Fire resistance classification FireRating

Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Inclination Slope PsetMemberCommon Inclination 909
Thermal Insu-
lation, IFC

Span Span PsetMemberCommon Span 1374 IFC
Plate -
IFCPlate Name (number) of plate Name

Name 507
AR_General,
IFC

Description/ full name LongName

Function 506
AR_General,
IFC

Associated story
ContainedInStructure
:: IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Openings
HasOpenings :: IfcO-
peningElement Relations


Component -
Object Attribute description IFC attribute IFC PSet Allplan attribute
Attribute
number
Attribute
group

Thickness Width

Height 222 AR_Quantities

Gross area GrossSurfaceArea

Area 229 AR_Quantities

Net area NetSurfaceArea

AR_Quantities

Gross volume GrossVolume

Volume 223 AR_Quantities

Net volume NetVolume

Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

Panel type Reference PsetPlateCommon Code text 83 AR_General

Load-bearing/ non-bearing
plate LoadBearing PsetPlateCommon Structure_load-bearing 573 IFC

Exterior component IsExternal PsetPlateCommon Classification 618 IFC

Sound insulation classification AcousticRating

Sound insulation classifica-
tion 1373 IFC

Fire resistance classification FireRating

Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Defining fire compartment Compartmentation PsetPlateCommon Defining fire compartment 1396 General, IFC

Inclination Slope

Inclination 909
Thermal Insu-
lation, IFC

U-value ThermalTransmittance PsetPlateCommon U-value 981 IFC
Stair - IFCS-
tair Name (number) of stair Name

Name 507
AR_General,
IFC

Description/ full name LongName

Function 506
AR_General,
IFC

Associated story
ContainedInStructure
:: IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Stair elements (flight, landing,
...)
IsDecomposedBy ::
IfcBuildingElement


Length Length

Length 220 AR_Quantities

Gross volume GrossVolume

Volume 223 AR_Quantities

Net volume NetVolume

Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

Component -
Object Attribute description IFC attribute IFC PSet Allplan attribute
Attribute
number
Attribute
group

Stair type Reference PsetStairCommon Code text 83 AR_General

Number of risers NumberOfRiser PsetStairCommon Number of risers 88 AR_Quantities

Number of treads NumberOfTreads PsetStairCommon Treads

AR_Quantities

Rise RiserHeight PsetStairCommon Rise 89 AR_Quantities

Tread TreadLength PsetStairCommon Tread run 90 AR_Quantities

Required headroom RequiredHeadroom PsetStairCommon Required headroom 1377 IFC

Exterior component IsExternal PsetStairCommon Classification 618 IFC

Fire resistance classification FireRating PsetStairCommon Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Escape route FireExit PsetStairCommon Escape route 1376 IFC

Suitable for the disabled HandicapAccessible PsetStairCommon Suitable for the disabled 1375 IFC
Ramp -
IFCRamp Name (number) of ramp Name

Name

AR_General,
IFC

Description/ full name LongName

Function 506
AR_General,
IFC

Associated story
ContainedInStructure
:: IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Ramp elements (flight, landing,
...)
IsDecomposedBy ::
IfcBuildingElement


Length Length

Length 220 AR_Quantities

Height Height PsetRampCommon Height 222 AR_Quantities

Gross volume GrossVolume

Volume 223 AR_Quantities

Net volume NetVolume

Net volume 226 AR_Quantities

Gross area GrossSurfaceArea

Area 229 AR_Quantities

Ramp type Reference PsetRampCommon Code text 83 AR_General

Required headroom RequiredHeadroom PsetRampCommon Required headroom 1377 IFC

Component -
Object Attribute description IFC attribute IFC PSet Allplan attribute
Attribute
number
Attribute
group

Required inclination RequiredSlope PsetRampCommon Required inclination 1378 IFC

Suitable for the disabled HandicapAccessible PsetRampCommon Suitable for the disabled 1375 IFC

Exterior component IsExternal PsetRampCommon Classification 618 IFC

Escape route FireExit PsetRampCommon Escape route 1376 IFC

Inclination Slope PsetRampCommon Inclination 909
Thermal Insu-
lation, IFC

Diameter Diameter PsetRampCommon Diameter 759 AR_Quantities

Escape route FireExit PsetRampCommon Escape route 1376 IFC

Fire resistance classification FireRating PsetRampCommon Fire resistance classification 935 IFC

Skidproof HasNonSkidSurface PsetRampCommon Skidproof 1406
AR_General,
IFC



112 Complete Overview of Allplan Attributes and IFC Attributes Allplan 2013

Attributes for the finish
BaseQuantities are geometric values the element is given automati-
cally or by the superordinate opening element. Relations are the re-
sults of assignments to structural levels or PARENT_CHILD connec-
tions.





Component -
Object
Attribute
description IFC attribute PSet Allplan attribute Attribute number Attribute group
Window -
IFCWindow
Description/
full name LongName

Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Name (number)
of window Name

Name 507 AR_General, IFC

Associated story
and room
ContainedInStructure ::
IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Inserted in wall
FillsVoids :: IfcWall (via
IfcOpeningElement) Relations


Window type
IsTypedBy ::
IfcWindowType

Object name 498 AR_General

Height Height
BaseQuantities
Opening Height 222 AR_Quantities

Width Depth
BaseQuantities
Opening Length 220 AR_Quantities

Area Area
BaseQuantities
Opening Area 229 AR_Quantities

Window type Reference PsetWindowCommon Code text 83 AR_General

Exterior compo-
nent IsExternal PsetWindowCommon Classification 618 IFC

Sound insulation
classification AcousticRating PsetWindowCommon
Sound insulation
classification 1373 IFC

Fire resistance
classification FireRating PsetWindowCommon
Fire resistance
classification 935 IFC

Safety classifica-
tion SecurityRating PsetWindowCommon
Safety classifica-
tion 1392 IFC

Smoke protection SmokeStop PsetWindowCommon Smoke protection 1379 IFC

Proportion of
glazing GlazingAreaFraction PsetWindowCommon
Proportion of
glazing 621 IFC

U-value ThermalTransmittance PsetWindowCommon U-value 981 IFC

Type ConstructionType

Type 764 IFC, Engineering

Item number ArticleNumber
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Item number 241 FM Manager

Model number ModelReference
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Model number 1382 IFC

Component -
Object
Attribute
description IFC attribute PSet Allplan attribute Attribute number Attribute group

Name of model ModelLabel
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Name of model 1383 IFC

Manufacturer Manufacturer
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Manufacturer 1136 IFC, Cadastral Plan

Production year ProductionYear
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Production year 1393 IFC

Number of panes GlassLayers Pset_GlazingType Number of panes


Lamination IsLaminated Pset_GlazingType Laminated


Coating IsCoated Pset_GlazingType Coated


Wire glass IsWired Pset_GlazingType Wire glass


Shading
ExternalShadingCoeffi-
cient Pset_GlazingType Shadow 620 IFC
Door -
IFCDoor
Description/ full
name LongName

Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Name (number)
of door Name

Name 507 AR_General, IFC

Associated story
and room
ContainedInStructure ::
IfcBuildingSto-
rey/IfcSpace Relations


Inserted in wall
FillsVoids :: IfcWall (via
IfcOpeningElement) Relations


Door type IsTypedBy :: IfcDoorType

Object name 498 AR_General

Height Height
BaseQuantities
Opening Height 222 AR_Quantities

Width Depth
BaseQuantities
Opening Length 220 AR_Quantities

Area Area
BaseQuantities
Opening Area 229 AR_Quantities

Door type Reference PsetDoorCommon Code text 83 AR_General

Exterior compo-
nent IsExternal PsetDoorCommon Classification 618 IFC

Sound insulation
classification AcousticRating PsetDoorCommon
Sound insulation
classification 1373 IFC

Component -
Object
Attribute
description IFC attribute PSet Allplan attribute Attribute number Attribute group

Fire resistance
classification FireRating PsetDoorCommon
Fire resistance
classification 935 IFC

Emergency exit FireExit PsetDoorCommon Emergency exit 1381 IFC

Smoke protection SmokeStop PsetDoorCommon Smoke protection 1379 IFC

Safety classifica-
tion SecurityRating PsetDoorCommon
Safety classifica-
tion 1392 IFC

Proportion of
glazing GlazingAreaFraction PsetDoorCommon
Proportion of
glazing 621 IFC

Door closer SelfClosing PsetDoorCommon Self-closing 1380 IFC

U-value ThermalTransmittance PsetDoorCommon U-value 981 IFC

Suitable for the
disabled HandicapAccessible PsetDoorCommon
Suitable for the
disabled 1375 IFC

Type ConstructionType

Type 764 IFC, Engineering

Opening type OperationType

Door swing 162 (assigned automatically)

Item number ArticleNumber
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Item number 241 FM Manager

Model number ModelReference
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Model number 1382 IFC

Name of model ModelLabel
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Name of model 1383 IFC

Manufacturer Manufacturer
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Manufacturer 1136 IFC, Cadastral Plan

Production year ProductionYear
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Production year 1393 IFC

Number of panes GlassLayers Pset_GlazingType Number of panes


Lamination IsLaminated Pset_GlazingType Laminated


Coating IsCoated Pset_GlazingType Coated


Tempering IsTempered Pset_GlazingType Tempered



Component -
Object
Attribute
description IFC attribute PSet Allplan attribute Attribute number Attribute group
Curtain wall
IFC Curtain-
Wall
Description/ full
name LongName

Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Name (number)
of curtain wall Name

Name 507 AR_General, IFC

Associated
building/
story
ContainedInStructure ::
IfcBuilding/
IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Fadade parts/
elements
IsDecomposedBy ::
IfcBuildingElement


Type of curtain
facade
IsTypedBy :: IfcCurtain-
WallType

Object name 498 AR_General

Length Length

Length 220 AR_Quantities

Height Height

Height 222 AR_Quantities

Width Width

Thickness 221 AR_Quantities

Gross area GrossArea

Area 229 AR_Quantities

Net area NetArea

Area 230 AR_Quantities

Materia lname of
curtain facade
layer Material.Name

Material 508 AR_General

Type of curtain
facade Reference
PsetCurtainWallCom-
mon Code text 83 AR_General

Fire resistance
classification FireRating
PsetCurtainWallCom-
mon
Fire resistance
classification 935 IFC

Sound insulation
classification AcousticRating
PsetCurtainWallCom-
mon
Sound insulation
classification 1373 IFC

U-value ThermalTransmittance
PsetCurtainWallCom-
mon U-value 981 IFC

Exterior compo-
nent IsExternal
PsetCurtainWallCom-
mon Classification 618 IFC

Component -
Object
Attribute
description IFC attribute PSet Allplan attribute Attribute number Attribute group

Emergency exit FireExit
PsetCurtainWallCom-
mon Emergency exit 1381 IFC

Flammable Combustible
PsetCurtainWallCom-
mon Flammable 1371 IFC

Number of panes GlassLayers Pset_GlazingType Number of panes


Lamination IsLaminated Pset_GlazingType Laminated


Safety glass SafetyGlas Pset_GlazingType Safety glass


Sun blinds SunBlind Pset_GlazingType Sun blinds
Covering -
IFCCovering
Description/ full
name LongName

Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Name (number)
of covering Name

Name 507 AR_General, IFC

Associated story
ContainedInStructure ::
IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Associated room
ContainedInStructure ::
IfcSpace Relations


Covering type
IsTypedBy ::
IfcCoveringType

Object name 498 AR_General

Gross area GrossArea BaseQuantities Area 229 AR_Quantities

Net area NetArea BaseQuantities Area 230 AR_Quantities

Covering type Reference PsetCoveringCommon Code text 83 AR_General

Fire resistance
classification FireRating PsetCoveringCommon
Fire resistance
classification 935 IFC

Flammability
rating Flammability PsetCoveringCommon
Flammability
rating 1398 General, IFC

Total thickness TotalThickness PsetCoveringCommon
Thick-
ness_absolute 199 AR_Quantities

Quality of finish Finish PsetCoveringCommon Quality of finish 1394 General, IFC


Component -
Object
Attribute
description IFC attribute PSet Allplan attribute Attribute number Attribute group
Railing -
IFCRailing
Description/ full
name LongName

Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Name (number)
of railing Name

Name 507 AR_General, IFC

Associated story
ContainedInStructure ::
IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Associated room
ContainedInStructure ::
IfcSpace Relations


Railing type
IsTypedBy ::
IfcRailingType

Object name 498 AR_General

Length Length

Length 220 AR_Quantities

Material of rai-
ling Material.Name PsetRailingCommon Material 508 AR_General

Railing type/
horizontal
Reference / rai-
ling_horizontal PsetRailingCommon Code text 83 AR_General

Exterior compo-
nent IsExternal PsetRailingCommon Classification 618 IFC

Height Height PsetRailingCommon Height 222 AR_Quantities

Diameter Diameter PsetRailingCommon Diameter 759 AR_Quantities

RAL color RALcolour UD_SurfaceTreatment


Coating Coating UD_SurfaceTreatment

Furniture -
IFCFurnishing
Element
Description/ full
name LongName

Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Name (number)
of furniture Name

Name 507 AR_General, IFC

Associated story
ContainedInStructure ::
IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Associated room
ContainedInStructure ::
IfcSpace Relations


Component -
Object
Attribute
description IFC attribute PSet Allplan attribute Attribute number Attribute group

Furniture type Reference

Code text 83 AR_General

Classification key ItemReference

Classification key 1395 General, Object Manager

Height Height BaseQuantities Height 222


Depth Depth BaseQuantities Length 220


Width Width BaseQuantities Thickness 221


Item number ArticleNumber
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Item number 241 IFC, FM Manager

Model number ModelReference
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Model number 1382 IFC

Name of model ModelLabel
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Name of model 1383 IFC

Manufacturer Manufacturer
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Manufacturer 1136 IFC, Cadastral Plan

Production year ProductionYear
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Production year 1393 IFC
Equipment -
IFCEquipmen-
tElement
Name of
equipment type/
type LongName

Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Equipment type
ID Name

Name 507 AR_General, IFC

Associated story
ContainedInStructure ::
IfcBuildingStorey Relations


Associated room
ContainedInStructure ::
IfcSpace Relations


Equipment type Reference

Code text 83 AR_General

Item number ArticleNumber
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Item number 241 IFC, FM Manager

Model number ModelReference
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Model number 1382 IFC

Component -
Object
Attribute
description IFC attribute PSet Allplan attribute Attribute number Attribute group

Name of model ModelLabel
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Name of model 1383 IFC

Manufacturer Manufacturer
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Manufacturer 1136 IFC, Cadastral Plan

Production year ProductionYear
PsetManufacturer-
TypeInformation Production year 1393 IFC
Room -
IFCSpace Associated story
Decomposes :: IfcBuil-
dingStorey Relations


Assigned to room
group
HasAssignments ::
IfcZone Relations Room group


Short name
(number) Name

Name (number) 507 AR_General, IFC

Description/ full
name LongName

Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Finish elevation ElevationWithFlooring BaseQuantities


Interior room or
exterior room InteriorOrExteriorSpace

Classification 618 IFC

Classification key ItemReference
PsetSpaceClassifica-
tionReference
DIN277 occu-
pancy type 235 DIN 277, IFC

Name within the
classification Name
PsetSpaceClassifica-
tionReference Area_type_277 232 DIN 277

Gross room
height Height

Height 222 AR_Quantities

Net room height FinishCeilingHeight

AR_Quantities

Height of floor
structure FinishFloorHeight BaseQuantities


Net perimeter NetPerimeter BaseQuantities Perimeter 228 AR_Quantities

Net room area NetFloorArea BaseQuantities Floor area 293 AR_Quantities

Net volume NetVolume BaseQuantities Volume 223 AR_Quantities

Wall area GrossWallArea BaseQuantities


Component -
Object
Attribute
description IFC attribute PSet Allplan attribute Attribute number Attribute group

Cross-section
area GrossSectionArea BaseQuantities


Floor covering FloorCovering PsetSpaceCommon


Wall covering WallCovering PsetSpaceCommon


Ceiling covering CeilingCovering PsetSpaceCommon


Suitable for the
disabled HandicapAccesible PsetSpaceCommon
Suitable for the
disabled 1375 IFC

Flammability
rating Flammability
PsetSpaceSafetyRequi-
rements
Flammability
rating 1398 General, IFC

Sprinkler protec-
tion SprinklerProtection
PsetSpaceSafetyRequi-
rements
Sprinkler protec-
tion 1399 General, IFC

Base
area_planned GrossPlannedArea PsetSpaceCommon


Articial light ArtificialLighting
Pset_SpaceLighting
Requirements Artificial light 1400 General, IFC

Minimum room
temperature SpaceTemperatureMax
Pset_SpaceThermal
Requirements
Tempera-
ture_max 1405 General, IFC

Maximum room
temperature SpaceTemperatureMin
Pset_SpaceThermal
Requirements Temperature_min 1404 General, IFC

Humidity SpaceHumdity
Pset_SpaceThermal
Requirements Humidity 1401 General, IFC

Ventilation NaturalVentilation
Pset_SpaceThermal
Requirements
Natural
ventilation 1402 General, IFC

Air-conditioning AirConditioning
Pset_SpaceThermal
Requirements Air-conditioned 1403 General, IFC
Room group -
IFCZone Rooms assigned HasAssignments :: Ifcpac Relations


Short name
(number) Name

Name (number) 507 AR_General, IFC

Description/ full
name LongName

Function 506 AR_General, IFC

Guide to BIM Index 123
Index
A
Additional attributes 95
Additional PSet 92
Assigning attributes 17
Attribute 84
building topology 99
Complete Overview 99
finish 112
unfinished structure 102
Attributes 80
Attributes of the Hierarchic
Levels 47
B
Base Quantities 84
BaseQuantities 8
BIM 4
BIM model 72
Building Model in Allplan 10
building structure
creating 11
Building structure 77
Building structure 6, 11
Building topology 99
BuildingSMART 9
C
Checking Data 61
Creating a building structure 11
D
Definition of Terms 3
E
Element properties 87, 92, 95
Elements and Attributes 19
Export and Import 51
Exporting 52
F
FAQs on IFC 72
File preview 75
Finish 32, 112
G
Geometric attributes 84
I
IAI 9
IFC 6
IFC format 73
IFC specifications 74
IFC Viewers 62
IFCClass/ObjectType 8
Import 76
Importing 56
Introduction 2
L
Layers 79
Layout export 81
M
Modeling data 15
P
PSet 8, 84
Pset Common 87
R
Rume 44
Restrictions of building structure
78
T
Troubleshooting 69
U
Unfinished structure 19, 102
W
Welcome 1